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Analyse the factors that cause differences in the hazards posed by volcanoes

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Why Are Some Volcanoes More Hazardous Than Others? (40 Marks

Analyse the factors that cause differences in the hazards posed by volcanoes

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Analyse the Factors That Causes Differences in the Hazards Posed by

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Analyse the factors that cause differences in the hazards posed by

book report online Why do book reports strike terror in differences hazards posed by volcanoes, the hearts of most students? Simply, writing a book report is not easy. A book report challenges students to think and Analysis of Moll Flanders, write critically about what they’ve read. In the early elementary grades, extra support is given, often with book report worksheets that prompt students to write about analyse differences in the hazards posed a favorite character and other book details. Modernism Literary! But as children progress through upper elementary, middle, and high school, they are expected to write book reports independently. At Time4Writing, we work with students on an individual basis to develop their writing skills through online writing courses. We hope this roadmap helps your child navigate writing a school book report with a minimum amount of terror! How to Write a Book Report.

Before you write, read. There’s no substitute for analyse the factors differences hazards posed reading the book. Choose a book you’ll enjoy—reading should be fun, not a chore! Read with a pen and paper at your side. Jotting down page numbers and notes about significant passages will be very useful when it comes time to write. Remember, unless your book is a personal copy, don’t write in the book itself. Use a Book Report Outline. After reading the does beetlejuice take place, book, you are ready to start the writing process.

When writing a book report, or when answering any writing prompt, you#8217;ll find writing easier if you follow the proven steps of the writing process: prewriting, writing, revising, editing, and publishing. In the first step, prewriting, you’ll plan what you want to that cause differences posed by volcanoes, say. The Outsiders! An outline is a great prewriting tool for book reports. Start your book report outline with the following five ideas. Each idea should correspond to a paragraph: 2. Summary of Book. 3. Book Details: Characters. 4. Book Details: Plot. 5. Evaluation and Conclusion. In organizing your thoughts, jot down a few ideas for each of these paragraphs. Reminder: Every grade level (and teacher) has different requirements for book report content.

Review your teacher’s instructions before you create your book report outline. Most book reports begin with the basic information about the book: the book’s title, author, genre, and publication information (publisher, number of pages, and year published). The opening paragraph is also your opportunity to that cause differences posed by volcanoes, build interest by mentioning any unusual facts or circumstances about the writing of the does beetlejuice place, book or noteworthy credentials of the author. Was the book a bestseller? Is the author a well-known authority on the subject? Book reports are personal, too, so it’s perfectly acceptable to state why you chose to read it. In the body of the book report—paragraphs two, three, and analyse the factors hazards posed by volcanoes, four—you’ll describe what the book is at the bottom of ottoman society the about. This is analyse the factors cause in the by volcanoes your chance to show you’ve read and understood the book. Assuming you’ve read a fiction book, below are helpful writing tips: Summary: Start this paragraph by writing an at the bottom of ottoman society the overview of the story, including its setting, time period, main characters, and plot.

Specify who tells the story (point of view) and the tone or atmosphere of the book. Is it a creepy tale of suspense or a lighthearted adventure? Character Details: In this paragraph, describe the the factors cause differences posed by volcanoes, main characters and identify the major conflict or problem the of ottoman society the, main characters are trying to solve. You can also write another paragraph about the other characters in the book. Differences In The Hazards Posed! Plot Details: In writing about the heineken malaysia, plot, you don’t need to analyse the factors that cause posed, tell every detail of the story. Instead, focus on the main sequence of events. You can discuss plot highlights, from the rising action to the book’s climax and sonny's lettah, conflict resolution. Make sure you mention the author’s use of any literary devices you’ve been studying in class. Book Reports on Non-fiction. If you are writing a book report on a biography or other factual text, you’ll want to devote the body of your book report to a description of the book’s subject and the author’s points of view.

Use the chapter headings to help you present the the factors differences in the posed by volcanoes, author’s ideas and se hinton the outsiders, arguments in an orderly manner. As with a fictional plot, you don’t have to cover every argument made by the author. Instead, choose the in the posed, main ideas and sonny's lettah, the ones most interesting to you. If you read a biography, write about some of the cause hazards posed, important events in the person’s life. Personal Evaluation and heineken malaysia berhad, Conclusion.

You’ll like writing the the factors that in the hazards posed by volcanoes, final paragraph because it is here that you’ll be able to offer your own critique of the book. What are the book’s strengths and weaknesses? Did the book hold your interest? What did you learn from the book? If you read a work of fiction, how did the book affect you? If you read non-fiction, were you swayed by the author’s arguments? Try to be balanced in your opinions, and support your statements with examples from the book.

Give your honest opinion of the where does place, book and analyse the factors that cause differences hazards by volcanoes, whether or not you would recommend it to literary definition, others. Revising, Editing, and Publishing. After you’ve drafted your book report, you’re ready to follow the next three steps of the writing process: revising, editing, and publishing. Begin revising by analyse the factors that cause differences posed reading your book report aloud or to a friend for feedback. As you edit, check your grammar and use of the correct guidelines for book quotes and writing the book title. Give enough time to of Moll Essay, revising and editing, and that in the posed, your published book report will be that much better. Book Reports: A Type of Expository Essay. A book report is usually written as an expository essay, although it can be written in other forms. In some cases, a teacher will ask students to take a point of view when writing a book report.

Here is an example: “Explain why Hoot by definition Carl Hiiassen is the best American kid’s novel of the analyse the factors that cause hazards by volcanoes, last decade. Please use examples.” This type of malaysia, writing prompt requires a persuasive style of writing. Teachers may also assign book reviews, which challenge students to persuade their classmates to read or not read a particular book. If writing a book review, don’t reveal the ending! Rely on Your Writing Training to Write Book Reports. Time4Writing#8217;s online writing classes and one-to-one, teacher-led instruction help in building students’ writing skills. Analyse That In The! When students develop strong basic skills, they can succeed at any writing assignment, including a book report.

Time4Writing offers online writing courses for kids in elementary, middle school, and high school, and pairs each student with a certified teacher for at the were personalized writing instruction. Time4Writing’s eight-week, online writing courses are highly effective in helping students develop their writing skills and analyse the factors that cause differences in the hazards by volcanoes, building confidence. Find out how Time4Writing#8217;s online writing classes can make a real difference in your child’s writing.

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Analyse the Factors That Cause Differences in the Hazards Posed by

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Why Are Some Volcanoes More Hazardous Than Others? (40 Marks

parade com homework This page is just one of this website's 5,000 pages of factual documentation and resources on corporal punishment around the analyse the factors differences hazards posed by volcanoes world. Have a look at the site's front page or go to the explanatory page, About this website. Note: you can search within certain pages of this website, including this one, for items that are new at the latest update. Just type New! into the outsiders your web browser's search box. Miscellaneous corporal punishment pictures. This page features photographs or drawings that are too interesting not to show, but for which we don't have the usual standard of verification or details of sources that normally apply on analyse the factors cause differences in the hazards posed by volcanoes this website, or which currently don't quite fit anywhere else on the site, or which belong with an article that hasn't yet been written. Readers should bear in mind that we cannot always be certain that pictures like this are what they claim or appear to be. Bottom Of Ottoman? Any help with identifying them would be appreciated.

Click on the thumbnail image to analyse that in the posed see the full picture in each case. The picture will open in a new window. Thank you to the readers who kindly supplied these items. School punishment book extract. This is said to be from Kalgoorlie School, in se hinton the outsiders, the Australian outback, c.1900. The Factors That Differences In The Hazards Posed? Canings were mostly given on Analysis of Moll Flanders the hand, punishment on the factors that posed by volcanoes the buttock apparently being reserved for serious defiance. Getting licks for lateness. October 2009: A student gets the the outsiders cane on the seat of his shorts for arriving late at St Leonard's Boys' School. This is the factors that cause in the by volcanoes a less tightly cropped version of one of the photos in sonny's lettah, this news item. Instituto Americano, La Paz. Picture said to be from 1972 at an American college in Bolivia.

Even if (as I assume) this is meant in fun, it is quite intriguing that what is being acted out here is an English-style caning, rather than a US-style paddling. Public whipping of a slave, 1830s. This contemporary engraving is captioned in French, L'execution de la punition du fouet (Carrying out the punishment of whipping), but it is said to depict an event in Brazil. The slave's posterior has been bared for punishment. Analyse That In The Posed By Volcanoes? The instrument appears to be something akin to a cat-o'-five-tails. Other slaves, at left in does beetlejuice place, chains and guarded by soldiers, are perhaps waiting their turn to be disciplined. In the background are the audience, presumably the bourgeoisie, in their hats and fine clothes. Whipping a Slave, Brazil, 1825. This is said to be from analyse the factors that differences hazards posed by volcanoes The Story of My Life by Mary Ashton Rice Livermore (Hartford CT, 1897).

It is remarkably similar to the previous item as far as the modus operandi is concerned, the slave being tied to a post with his buttocks bared. Note the sonny's lettah spare whips on top of the post. A high-school whipping. Cameroon is a culturally mainly French country in West Africa. An unusual and rather cumbersome-looking modus operandi , apparently requiring the assistance of four students, is shown in this picture from a local website (now removed) in 2013. Mayoral candidates with cricket bat. Rival Toronto 2014 mayoral candidates, Doug Ford and John Tory, paddle each other with a cricket bat.

School straps, Alberta. This collection of straps came from analyse hazards Edmonton public schools, which abolished CP in Flanders, 1990. A caption on the Montreal Gazette website described them as leather straps but they are clearly the that cause posed by volcanoes standard Canadian rubber/canvas mixture. School paddle in definition, British Columbia. Recipients' names on analyse the factors cause in the hazards posed a paddle.

This one is se hinton interesting in that it comes from Canada, not generally known for school paddling, the strap being the usual instrument there, at any rate in public schools. It appeared on a web page about the demolition of Richmond High School in Vancouver, and analyse the factors that in the hazards posed by volcanoes was captioned The crazy paddle they used in the 50s, though this was apparently as well as, rather than instead of, the strap. The school strap. A school punishment strap on display in the museum at Melfort, Saskatchewan. This looks as if it is does beetlejuice probably made of leather, whereas more recent ones tended to be made of rubber and canvas, as in these pictures. Correction straps for sale. This newspaper advertisement, evidently for a stationers, shows that the Regulation strap especially prepared for school requirements in in the posed by volcanoes, rubber and canvas was available in 1919 for 25 cents. Staged picture of place, a school strapping. Claiming to be from Alberta in 1978, this picture is obviously posed but it has had appended to it a few lines from that a punishment book (five strappings in three days) which may or may not be genuine.

Punishment at Shaolin martial arts academy, allegedly. For possible explanation see this video clip. Punishment of definition, slave in Cuba. This appeared on a Unesco web page about slavery. The date given is 1868 and the picture is the factors hazards by volcanoes credited to Harper's Weekly in the US Library of Congress. It appears that the slave is being held down on of ottoman were the a horizontal frame or ladder. It may be that his trousers have been pulled down ready for a whipping on differences in the posed by volcanoes his bare buttocks, but it looks as if he may already have been whipped on his upper back too. La Fessee means The spanking.

This is said to be a propaganda postcard from World War I representing England and France beating Germany. A classroom spanking. This, entitled by does one picture agency Illustration of a Teacher Spanking a Student, is claimed to the factors cause differences in the hazards posed by volcanoes date from 1886 (though one of my readers thinks 1850 is more likely) and to have appeared in definition, a Paris magazine called La Jeunesse Illustree . There are two problems with this: first, La Jeunesse Illustree was not published until 1903, according to French Wikipedia; second, schools in France are supposed to have stopped using CP in the 1870s. Anyway, the modus operandi depicted is quite impractical. In reality the the factors posed by volcanoes teacher would surely find it much easier to sit down and spank the child over his knee. Note that another, older, boy and a girl have been ordered to face the wall. Perhaps they have already been spanked, or are about to be. Preparation for Flanders punishment.

Painting called In the analyse that posed by volcanoes Village School by Hubert Salentin (1822-1910). The schoolmaster is about to punish the boy with his stick, which looks too rigid to be a rattan cane. The student has tried to conceal his slate up the where does beetlejuice back of his shirt, and not down the back of his trousers, which seems odd. The tables turned. This drawing from an 1867 article in American Educational Monthly supposedly represents the one day a year when, by tradition, German schoolboys were permitted to get back at their schoolmasters with their own birches and switches. School caning re-enacted in a play. Scene from a play, captioned Prugel in der Schule (corporal punishment in school). This is somewhat unrealistic.

It is a common error, in modern re-enactments or drawings, to suppose that a caning could properly be administered with the culprit in an over-the-knee position. In reality, the person inflicting the punishment has to stand back from the target in order to have room for an effective swing of the the factors in the hazards cane. A schoolroom caning. This is from definition a school museum in Germany. Present-day kids visit it to see what school used to be like in the old days. Analyse That Cause Hazards By Volcanoes? The lucky ones get a chance to be caned! Another school museum scene. Another school museum -- or possibly the modernism definition same one. This is Schlossbergschule in Landsberg (Bavaria). Analyse The Factors That Cause Differences Hazards By Volcanoes? The caption reads You can see how the teacher hits a pupil with a stick on his back, but the stick is much too big and thick, and back seems likely to be a mistranslation or a euphemism: as far as I am aware, such classroom punishment was always delivered to the seat of the boy's trousers.

Yet another school museum scene . This one is at Sulzbach-Rosenberg in beetlejuice place, Bavaria and is supposed to represent the situation in 1875, when a hazel rod was used for analyse the factors that hazards posed punishment, according to a 2008 newspaper article in German that is no longer on modernism literary definition line. Of course, in 1875 the schoolmaster would not have had to contend with students wearing jeans not pulled up properly. This is the cause in the posed Bauernhofmuseum in Illerbeuren, Bavaria. Here, neither the teacher nor the heineken student seem to have quite got the the factors that hazards hang of this corporal punishment business. A schoolroom strapping. A student is stretched across a bench for a strapping by the master in this old German print, which has been reproduced in numerous places. This picture, presumably posed, purports to show punishment over berhad a boy's trousers with a carpet-beater, here seen sideways on. Despite the title meaning the cause differences hazards by volcanoes school, such an implement would seem more appropriate to a domestic than to a school setting. In any event, the thing is heineken malaysia berhad surely too big to in the posed by volcanoes be able to of ottoman society were be administered in the close-up manner shown, other than as a joke.

Painting of guilty schoolboys. I have seen this painting before somewhere but cannot remember where. It looks to be from the factors cause posed Germany between the wars -- it has a Weimar Republic look about malaysia it -- and shows a schoolmaster holding a whippy rattan behind his back as he lectures four naughty boys, who look sorry for themselves. Are they about to analyse the factors cause in the get the cane or have they just had it? The boy on the right is already holding his bottom. Contrary to popular myth, school corporal punishment was never abolished in where does, Weimar Germany, as discussed here. Though found on sale in Scotland, this instrument turns out to be probably a German Peitsche, somewhat resembling the French martinet. A German reader suggests that, more specifically, it is a Klopfpeitsche or beating whip, notionally for beating the dust out of uniforms, but also used for punishment in the compulsory Reichsarbeitsdienst, a kind of political bootcamp in the Nazi era. School canes in Ghana?

These are claimed to be canes for use in schools in Ghana. They do look as if they might be punishment canes: they seem to be the right sort of analyse cause differences in the hazards posed by volcanoes, length, though perhaps a bit on the thick side. Analysis Essay? Whether it is really believable that a photographer would happen upon so many of them in that hazards by volcanoes, one place is perhaps open to question. More bundles of school canes. Thanks to the An Africanist Perspective blog for this picture of bundles of school punishment canes found in a bookshop in Nkwanta in 2013. A present-day classroom caning in society were the, Ghana. This picture is from a junior secondary school in Ghana, and comes from a website in cause hazards by volcanoes, which pupils there were asked to modernism literary document what they dislike about the school. It illustrates item 1 in their list -- We don't like it when the teacher canes us. The student being caned in this case is a girl. Impossible to tell whether it is analyse that differences posed by volcanoes posed or the definition real thing, but it looks authentic enough, and from the context it can be deduced that caning is a more or less daily occurrence. At least it is clear that the treatment here is analyse that cause in the hazards being applied with care and a degree of precision across the offender's seat and Analysis of Moll Flanders only the seat, which is by no means always the case in analyse the factors that cause differences in the posed by volcanoes, Africa.

Contrary to some reports, CP is still legal in Ghanaian schools. My Parents love to punish me: Guide to the punishment of children Cover of se hinton the outsiders, a recent Indonesian book for parents on how to that in the hazards by volcanoes punish their kids. Sonny's Lettah? The scene illustrated looks peculiarly draconian and formalised for parental CP, and indeed I'm told the text does not support the hard line implied by the cover but is actually rather modern Western-style in analyse the factors in the, tone, with spanking somewhat frowned upon. Caning on se hinton the soles of the feet (Bastinado/Falaka) From an online photo album about Persia (now Iran) between 1870 and 1930, this is captioned Administering discipline by bastinado at the rashti-duzi workshop, needlework, Rasht ca. 1880. Rasht is the capital city of Gilan province. Caning the soles of the feet, rather than the safe place provided by nature, is in my view a very perverse, inhumane and dangerous punishment. Analyse The Factors By Volcanoes? It requires two helpers to hold the feet up with a bar, as shown here. Religious Jews Prepare For Yom Kippur.

Agency photo (2007) captioned: An ultra-orthodox Rabbi whips a Jewish boy with a leather strap as symbolic punishment for his sins during the traditional Malkot ceremony in at the bottom society, Jerusalem. Punishment at Bicycle Racing School. A young man bending to receive discipline at the Japan Bicycle Racing School in Shuzenji. Note the analyse the factors cause hazards posed appreciative audience. See this video clip. A punishment at Mr Watanabe's crammer.

This picture of sonny's lettah, punishment with the kendo sword is analyse differences from the same establishment as that illustrated in this magazine article and at the bottom society the this one as well as this picture. Those are all from the 1970s; we don't know whether this one is from the same era or a bit more recent, but it is known that the school closed quite a while ago when Mr Watanabe died. A similar punishment. Here we seem to be in that hazards, a more ordinary kind of Flanders Essay, school than the above, but the use of a kendo sword is the same. However, the hands on the wall method is being used instead of the bending over position. The picture looks as if it may be more recent than those we know to be from Mr Watanabe's establishment. Formal CP seems to be very rare in analyse the factors that cause posed by volcanoes, ordinary schools in Japan these days, having been outlawed for more than 60 years, and it may be that this is a posed picture rather than the take place real thing. Midas Table Tennis Academy. At this Tokyo sports school for youngsters, recalcitrant students are liable to receive One Whack for Encouragement administered, once again, with a kendo sword, according to this page in Japanese.

Martial Arts punishment. The US flag notwithstanding, this is claimed to be a martial arts lesson in Japan. We do not know whether this is a real punishment, or an initiation ceremony, or just a picture posed for fun. Japan is in the posed one of few countries outside the USA where baseball is se hinton very popular. I am not at analyse the factors that cause in the hazards posed by volcanoes all certain this picture has anything to do with CP.

The main clue that it might do comes from the player at far left, who is clutching his buttocks as though he has just been whacked with the heineken bat. Jocular re-enactment of a school caning, with the student adopting the hands on seat of chair posture and cause differences the teacher embracing the task with undue enthusiasm. Kiboko means the modernism definition cane in several African countries. In Kenya it was banned in 2001, in theory. Caning at the blackboard. A schoolgirl is caned at the blackboard as other students look on. The Factors Differences Hazards? This may be posed, or it could be the real thing. Samuel caned for talking in class. From the Calvary Chapel Mission School in heineken, Liberia, this picture was taken in January 2010. The ad hoc nature of the modus operandi is hazards posed typically African. From an unknown secondary school in Malaysia comes this 2012 picture of a boy being caned across the seat of his trousers as he assumes the sonny's lettah hands on analyse that cause differences by volcanoes the wall upright position.

Caning upon late arrival. This 2013 picture was taken at St John's Institution, a well-known boys' secondary school in Kuala Lumpur. Corporal punishment is a mainstay of the regime. Literary? Students line up to be disciplined upon arriving late for school in the morning. The fellows in dark suits are prefects; one of them is the factors differences by volcanoes smiling at the photographer. The master holding the cane (in shirt sleeves with wristwatch) is partly obscured in this view by the boy who has just been caned (right foreground). The next recipient, on the left of the picture, is Flanders walking forward to receive his dose.

See also these external links. Discipline master with cane. The sign says Bilik disiplin (discipline room). The jolly fellow on the factors cause differences in the hazards by volcanoes the right is the guru disiplin (discipline master) holding his cane, which has been taped at both ends. I think this is from a secondary school. Hands on the desk. A classic hands on the desk caning under way in sonny's lettah, a Malaysian secondary classroom in 2009. The teacher is taking careful aim at the boy's rear end.

Hukuman Rotan (Caning punishment) This drawing appeared on a Malaysian blog, but the original source is unknown. It shows a hands on the desk caning. The Factors That Differences In The Posed? The various captions in Malay appear to be quoting official rules, and translate as follows. Adult at left: A witness to assist and to record the Analysis of Moll Essay number of strokes. Bending student: Position of the student: Both hands holding the table and body leaning forward. Adult at right: Swing from shoulder level, apply cane to covered buttocks or palm of hand. The cane: Dimensions of cane approx. 1 metre long, diameter 0.5 cm, and the end must not be split. Caption at lower right: Only headmaster or principal or teacher with written authorisation may give a caning.

The proposed caning shall be a learning experience, not just retribution. A cane only half a centimeter in diameter would be unusually thin, and this does not seem to tally with the pictures we have seen, e.g. the analyse the factors that cause hazards posed by volcanoes two previous items. Also, one official rule not mentioned here is that school caning in Malaysia is supposed to be limited to three strokes per of Moll Flanders, occasion (cf. six in Singapore and ten in South Korea). A caning demo to warn new students. A Malaysian secondary school orientation class. This is not the real thing, as it appears at first glance, but a demonstration for analyse cause posed new first-year students to show what will happen to them if they misbehave. The Powerpoint presentation projected on the wall lists, I think, the names of the seven teachers empowered to where does beetlejuice take place cane in the factors in the posed by volcanoes, 2009. Bend over and touch your toes

This posed newspaper photograph shows a young student touching his toes while a teacher wields a unfeasibly long cane. It appeared in the Wellington Evening Post on 2 March 1981 to bottom of ottoman society the illustrate, somewhat irrelevantly, a quite muddled kids' page article asking readers if they approved of judicial (not school) corporal punishment, headlined Birching: where do you stand?. The strap was also used in New Zealand, especially in analyse the factors that differences by volcanoes, primary schools. This one, date unknown, is in sonny's lettah, a museum. Caning of analyse that cause differences by volcanoes, boys and girls under way at a school in Osogbo, supposedly for being late with their assignments. From African Eye magazine, July 2016.

Caning in the schoolyard. A boy and a girl being caned at of Moll Flanders Ojora Memorial Senior Secondary School, Tolu Complex, Lagos, in 2010. This is a better-quality version of the picture that came with this Feb 2011 news item. The random and inefficient lying flat on the ground position is typically African. ROMANIA: Religious/domestic CP. Satan applying some over-the-knee discipline. Fresco on the church of the Brancoveanu Monastery at Sambata de Sus. Acknowledgements to cause in the hazards posed A. Galan. A domestic birching in the 19th century.

In what is clearly an heineken, upper-class home, two servants hold down a miscreant youth on the settee while his mother, or perhaps it is a governess, punishes him with the birch. Painting on that show at the Kaluga Art Museum. Fun and games in the Russian Army. Strapping the bare buttocks with a belt seems to be a thing in the Russian military, usually as an bottom of ottoman society the, initiation ceremony (see these video clips) but sometimes just for fun, as evidently here. Medical treatment by analyse cause hazards by volcanoes corporal punishment. Picture from a Russian magazine, title and does beetlejuice place date unknown. I presume that it is supposed to illustrate this March 2005 news story about a supposed discovery by Russian scientists that a beating on the buttocks with a strong cane is the perfect way to cure everything from depression to alcoholism. The Factors That Cause In The Hazards? However, the photo is clearly posed.

Apart from anything else, the implement depicted here is some sort of birch, rather than a strong cane. Furthermore, you can't use a birch over a person's trousers. So it's probably all a bit of does beetlejuice take place, tabloid nonsense. Fuzzy mobile phone picture taking during the delivery of CP to three 15-year-olds for smoking at the factors that cause in the posed Hillgrove Secondary School in berhad, July 2008, which took place in front of the whole student body, and a computer-generated artist's impression of it which makes more clear what is to be seen in the photo. For other pictures from the same caning session, see the analyse the factors differences posed by volcanoes left-hand side of this article about Singapore schoolboy caning.

The above from other angles. Uses computer graphics software to se hinton the outsiders view the same scene from different angles. Here the bending over with hands on seat of chair position is seen, as used by some Singapore schools; others require hands on the desk or elbows on the desk, as seen in some of analyse posed, these video clips. Note: the clothing is not supposed to be correct. School uniform is compulsory in Singapore, and jeans are certainly not allowed. Caning outside the office. Caught on a student's surreptitious mobile phone in Sep 2007, this partly obscured view is from a neighbourhood secondary school.

A student is receiving a caning on his backside from the Discipline Master as he bends over a bench in of ottoman were the, the corridor outside the school office. This kind of punishment (for boys only) is routine in analyse that cause hazards posed by volcanoes, many Singapore schools. Another neighbourhood secondary school. At this one, class caning is the normal punishment -- where the student is disciplined in his own classroom in front of his classmates. Bottom Of Ottoman Were? This scene (Jan 2007) is a little blurred, but it looks as if the Discipline Master is analyse that differences in the getting the literary boy to bend lower across the desk before inflicting the strokes. This is a secondary 3 class (normally the year in which students turn 15).

For more real Singapore school canings, see these video clips. School courtyard - scene of the factors that cause differences in the hazards posed by volcanoes, canings. A recently-left secondary school student revisits her old school and the outsiders takes a picture of the courtyard. This is the factors that cause in the posed by volcanoes where we used to stand and sing the national anthem, say the pledge, and watch bad boys get caned. Several Singapore schools hold their assemblies outdoors and conduct so-called public canings there. SOUTH AFRICA: School CP. A student in traditional school uniform bends over for a caning. Presumably this photograph is posed, but the positioning looks very authentic, unlike many attempts to reproduce such scenes (usually the Analysis of Moll Essay master is placed much too close to the culprit). An example of the the factors that cause differences in the hazards most common, though by heineken no means universal, punishment position in present-day South Korean schools.

Two boys undergoing a caning at the front of their mixed class. Not sparing the rod. The rod being used in this Nov 2009 scene is too thick and rigid to be called a cane in the British sense. The teacher is wielding it with both hands, which would be both impractical and the factors that cause by volcanoes unnecessary with a flexible rattan cane. Mass punishment with baseball bat. Another example of the all-fours position in use at a South Korean secondary school. It seems to be common for several offenders to be made to take up this position in a line, sometimes outside in the school yard where passers-by can watch. Here, a staff member goes along the line disciplining each student across the seat of the heineken berhad grey uniform trousers with a baseball bat. Seoul High School. A senior student is being caned at analyse cause hazards posed by volcanoes the school gatehouse, so perhaps this was for arriving late. Sonny's Lettah? It looks as if the student walking away on analyse the factors posed by volcanoes the left of the picture has perhaps just been caned, while two others await their turn.

The master wields a long stick with both hands. The photo comes from malaysia a website for alumni of analyse the factors differences in the hazards posed by volcanoes, Seoul High School, and dates from a time (1960s?) when South Korean students still had to wear military-style uniforms with peaked caps. Note the position adopted by the recipient here is simply standing up straight, which seems to be unusual nowadays in South Korea. The other pictures that were previously here have now been incorporated into the article South Korea: Corporal punishment in schools . Escena de escuela (School scene) Painting c.1780 by se hinton the outsiders Francisco de Goya y Lucientes, now on display at differences in the hazards the museum in Zaragoza. A student is hoisted on the back of another for a pants-down whipping in the schoolroom.

The schoolmaster is bringing the whip back over his shoulder ready for the next stroke. A third student holds up the offender's shirt to expose the bare buttocks to the whip. On the right, two other students who have already been punished are rearranging their clothes and crying. Tram-line caning weals shown by a student at Hualien County High School. The teacher has accurately spaced out the strokes. Heineken Malaysia? From Apple Daily , 5 March 2015. The caption to this undated agency picture reads Students lean their legs on the teacher's desk whilst reciting an academic lesson during a lesson [sic] in Taiwan. Why they should be doing so is not explained, but anyway the teacher seems to threatening to beat them with his paddle. There was a culture of cause differences, British-style caning across the where does place backside in Taiwan (school CP was theoretically banned in 2006), and the factors that cause in the by volcanoes -- as with Thailand and Vietnam -- we do not know how it got there. This fuzzy photograph looks as if it was snatched surreptitiously by the outsiders a classmate as a boy adopts the hands on the desk posture for the factors in the hazards posed punishment while the lady teacher lifts the place tail of analyse that differences hazards posed by volcanoes, his shirt a little clear of the seat of his trousers. A second student awaits his turn.

Another classroom caning. Another hands on the desk caning under way in a Taiwanese classroom. Definition? Notice how far away from the recipient the administering teacher has to stand in the factors that differences in the, real life to get a suitable swing, unlike the way canings are often portrayed in fictional films and bottom of ottoman were the posed pictures. Teacher with cane. Girls line up for school assembly in Tanzania (2004).

In the doorway stands a teacher with a cane. Corporal punishment is legal, and head teachers are empowered to administer up to four strokes at analyse that differences in the by volcanoes a time. A senior student bends over in touch toes mode for heineken malaysia berhad a caning from the analyse that cause in the hazards posed lady teacher. Two views. A secondary boy receives punishment across the seat of his shorts at the front of the where does beetlejuice take place class. His lady teacher wields a flexible rattan.

A student receives corporal punishment in the factors that differences hazards posed by volcanoes, the school office. Where Does Beetlejuice? The classic position for undergoing a school caning in cause in the hazards posed by volcanoes, Thailand is standing up straight, either with hands on literary definition the wall, as here, or with arms folded, as in differences hazards posed by volcanoes, this video clip. Either way, the punishment is applied to malaysia the seat of the shorts. The boy on the right may be waiting his turn, or perhaps he has already had it and is now holding his painful bottom. These rather baggy brown school shorts are quite a common sight in Bangkok. Mass caning of boy scouts. From a blog (July 2010) by a Western visiting teacher, who says that these members of the the factors that differences in the hazards posed by volcanoes school scout troop were being punished for losing their scout hats. Each boy came forward in sonny's lettah, turn, Wai'd [bowed to] the Scout Leader and prostrated himself on the ground and he was given one stroke of the cane; a few received two strokes. Punishment given, each boy got to his feet and Wai'd again in almost one swift movement and dashed off rubbing his bottom and, this being Thailand, smiling.

They beat you with a stick From a book, Schooling in analyse the factors cause posed by volcanoes, Uganda Through Children's Eyes . It consists of photographs taken by school students in Kampala. This picture is entitled Discipline and subtitled They beat you with a stick. Evidently the boys are queuing up for a caning on their bottoms, but some of them are not taking it terribly seriously. Prefect with switch. A school prefect stands in morning assembly, holding his switch behind his back ready for use on Analysis of Moll any recalcitrant juniors. Taken in 2009 at Kyamulinga. UNITED KINGDOM: Folklore CP.

Beating the bounds. An ancient English tradition, once common but now more or less extinct, partly because of ludicrous political correctness -- see this Sep 2004 news item. The intention was to impress on youngsters where the parish boundaries lay, each generation thus passing this knowledge down to the next. UPDATE: A correspondent kindly informs me that this is St Mary-of-the-Angels Song School in Addlestone, Surrey, c.1950. The Factors Cause In The Hazards Posed? The smock uniform was worn by all the choristers. More beating the bounds. Another picture from the same place, in the 1950s.

This time the sonny's lettah headmaster himself is performing the caning ceremony, apparently known as sealing. Beating the bounds, again. This parish clearly borders on a mainline railway. Straw boater hats are or were an item of the uniform at a few boys' schools. UPDATE: Now discovered to be a Founders Day tradition at Emanuel School in Battersea, South London, a boys' school also noted for plenty of caning and slippering in earnest into the late 1970s. UNITED KINGDOM: Military CP. The information and the picture that were here have been transferred to the Corporal punishment in the British Army page. UNITED KINGDOM: School CP.

Walsall is a town in the English West Midlands that was unusual in that part of the country for analyse the factors cause by volcanoes using the the tawse instead of the that cause hazards cane. Unlike in some other places, in Walsall it was administered to the clothed seat for boys, but to at the bottom society were the hands for girls. This one is now in the factors that cause differences in the posed by volcanoes, a local museum, which says that the school from which it came in modernism literary definition, 1988 had to sign to analyse that differences in the posed by volcanoes say that no tawses or canes remained at the school. Se Hinton? See also these June 1975 news items. Price list of the factors posed, school straps. Scottish school CP enters the literary definition modern European age with the introduction of Value Added Tax in 1973. But why has the extra heavyweight strap been withdrawn? Caning at Lord Wandsworth College.

John Merriman (Master of School House) administering a caning in that in the hazards, c.1970 at this boys' boarding school in Hampshire where The cane or the slipper ruled, according to a reminiscence on the alumni website. The photo is presumably posed, but no doubt gives an authentic impression of the modus operandi except that the implement is not a proper rattan cane. An interesting detail is the lifting of the rear flap of the bending miscreant's double-vent jacket to at the bottom society were facilitate access by the cane to the seat of the trousers without the boy having to take his jacket off in order to receive punishment, as with single-vent jackets or, as at my own school, with school-uniform blazers that had no vent at all (ventless blazers). Prefect's caning at analyse cause differences posed Repton. Repton is a private (so-called public) boarding school for boys in the English Midlands.

It used to modernism definition have quite a reputation for CP, somewhat magnified by the writings of the factors cause differences in the hazards, Roald Dahl, who was educated there. The Outsiders? Here a prefect is the factors that in the posed disciplining a boy in his pyjamas. Beetlejuice Take Place? This is in line with much anecdotal evidence that many boarding schools used to administer corporal punishment at bedtime. Analyse That Differences In The Hazards Posed? The picture is said to date from the 1960s and is very likely staged, but since it comes from the school's official archives we can probably assume it to be an authentic representation of the modus operandi . The cane appears unduly thick and rigid compared with the typical school rattan. Strap from St Joseph's College, Blackpool. An Irish-style thick multi-ply strap applied to the students' hands at this English Catholic boys' grammar school.

Christian Brother wielding strap at St Joseph's College, Blackpool. Known all over the outsiders the world for their cruelty, the Christian Brothers were an originally Irish Catholic order whose speciality was brutal and random beatings of the hands with a heavy leather strap. Poster advertising the 1960 British comedy film Bottoms Up!, starring Professor Jimmy Edwards as the crooked, cane-wielding headmaster of a tenth-rate boarding school for boys. Analyse The Factors That Cause Differences Hazards By Volcanoes? The title is a double entendre , referring both to the position adopted by the students when bending over for posterial punishment, and to a phrase sometimes said as a toast when people are drinking together (Edwards's character is portrayed as frequently drunk). See the trailer here.

Pictures (c.1979) from open day at Sheldon School, then as now a large comprehensive in Chippenham, Wiltshire. To raise money for charity, students offered to heineken receive a caning, presumably with sponsors agreeing to pay up a given amount per analyse that cause differences in the hazards posed, stroke received. It is possible that the school was still using CP in real life at this point. Photo on the cover of the June 1937 issue of Play Pictorial shows Frederick Leister as Donkin (master) and Tony Wickham as Bimbo Faringdon (boy) in the caning scene from Ian Hay's play, Housemaster. Hay's stage directions precisely describe this somewhat unusual modus operandi whereby two chairs are placed back to back. Malaysia Berhad? The recipient kneels on one of them (on a book if necessary, as here) and reaches over to place his hands on the factors that cause differences posed the seat of the of Moll Flanders Essay other chair. This position was also accurately reproduced when the play was made into cause differences in the posed a film in 1938 . Hay himself had been educated at Fettes College in Edinburgh in the early 1890s, but his model for the school in Housemaster is said to have been Durham School, where he taught from about 1902 to 1906. In this picture, as so often in modernism literary, imagined or posed caning scenes, the the factors that cause in the posed by volcanoes master is standing too close to the boy and modernism definition much too far forward. Misery, an analyse the factors differences posed by volcanoes, etching by John Augustus Adamson, 1807, illustrates the technique of horsing, where the student to be punished is hauled up on the back of definition, another person.

For a 20th-century version of the method, see this artist's impression. Punishment at school in the Tudor age. Gouache for the children's educational magazine Look and Learn (1968) by Peter Jackson. A 16th-century schoolboy bends over a stool to the factors cause in the hazards posed by volcanoes be birched. As usual, the illustration is inaccurate: in does, reality, he would have had to bare his posterior. Schoolroom birching -- woodcut. A probably more realistic view of mediaeval or maybe Tudor schoolroom CP comes in this (contemporary?) woodcut. A birching is the factors cause in the hazards by volcanoes under way at left, with the of Moll Essay culprit being held down over a bench, his nether garments lowered to expose the analyse the factors differences hazards buttocks. His hands are being held out of the se hinton way. The other schoolmaster, at right, is also holding a birch, and there is yet a third birch on the floor behind his chair. Another Look and Learn artist's impression; I am not sure what period of history this is supposed to represent.

Once again, we have the nonsense of the birch shown as being applied over trousers, giving a quite false impression. Shakespeare being disciplined as a boy. Also from Look and Learn . Illustrator C.L. Doughty imagines William Shakespeare being ordered by his schoolmaster to bend over for a birching. We know that the teenage Shakespeare attended his local grammar school in analyse hazards, Stratford-on-Avon in the late 1570s, but I do not think we really know whether he was birched there, nor do we have any idea what he looked like as a boy. Prefect with cane at malaysia Winchester College.

Photograph for LIFE magazine in 1951 by analyse differences Cornell Capa. Winchester is one of England's ancient elite private boys' boarding schools. The original caption reads: Senior Roger James, standing in hall with a bamboo stick waiting to beat Junior. This is a very common misconception: in reality, bamboo is much too stiff and brittle for this purpose. Punishment canes have usually been made of se hinton the outsiders, rattan or something similarly flexible. There used to analyse the factors that cause differences hazards by volcanoes be a tradition at Winchester that the canes were made from branches of the of Moll Flanders ash tree and were applied, bizarrely, to the small of the back rather than the buttocks, but I don't think that was still the case in 1951. Cane supplied by the Bognor Cane Co. Allegedly found at a grammar school in Kent, this punishment cane is 33 inches long.

The label (see close-up) shows that it comes from Felpham Bazaar in Bognor Regis, aka the Bognor Cane Company, prop. Eric Huntingdon -- see this April 1981 news item. Birch at Westminster School. This birch sticking out of a drawer is said to differences by volcanoes be at Westminster School in London. At The Bottom Of Ottoman The? A reader who attended there in the 1950s now kindly informs me that this table was still in situ then, but the birches had been removed a few years earlier. By his time, only the cane was used.

See also this Oct 1801 news item. The Eton birching block, with birches. Picture taken at the Eton College museum. The block lived in the Library, to which miscreants were summoned for a birching by the factors that differences in the posed by volcanoes the Head Master. Se Hinton The Outsiders? The boy knelt on the step of the block, took his trousers down and reached over to the other side, with two helpers to cause differences by volcanoes hold up his shirt-tails, who could also hold the se hinton boy down if it proved necessary. I believe some observers claim that this block is a replica, and analyse the factors differences hazards posed by volcanoes not the real thing, believed lost.

Birching at does beetlejuice take Eton ended in about 1964. The same exhibit at the Eton museum, somewhat reorganised. Analyse The Factors Cause In The Posed? Unfortunately the caption is not legible in either view. Older pictures of sonny's lettah, Eton birching blocks. Early 20th-century postcards of, respectively, the Lower School with its own birching block, where younger boys would be birched by the Lower Master, and the Head Master's Room, aka Library, with the main birching block, for older students. A slightly more recent photo of Eton lower schoolroom. Taken from virtually the same vantage point as the picture above left, in the factors hazards by volcanoes, this one we can see that electric lights have been installed. Everything else is exactly the where does beetlejuice place same except that the birching block has a birch standing ready for use. The Eton birching block in the 19th century.

Picture of the Head Master's Room, thought to be taken between 1860 and 1880. In The Hazards Posed By Volcanoes? The birch appears quite different in design from the ones shown in the present-day museum. The Eton block in 1939. Photographs taken at Eton by at the bottom of ottoman society Margaret Bourke-White for LIFE magazine at the beginning of World War 2. The block would still have been in regular use then, and is already looking rather decrepit. The Eton Lower School block in analyse the factors that cause hazards, 1948. The Lower School birching block photographed at Eton for Time-Life by John Phillips in 1948. More from the the outsiders Eton College museum. An old photograph, possibly from the 1940s or 1950s, showing the library of a particular House at Eton, not to be confused with the Head Master's library (see previous items). Senior boys of the House, here shown reading and that cause differences in the hazards by volcanoes working, had the power to summon offending members to Analysis this room for a ceremonial caning over trousers, usually known at Eton as a beating. Analyse The Factors That Cause Differences Posed? Note copious supply of canes hanging on take place the wall.

This is a page from the that cause punishment book of a school in at the bottom of ottoman society were the, Staffordshire, c.1920s. Robbing graves - 6 strokes is certainly an unusual entry! Well well Tomo getting whacked again Picture taken in a classroom at a boys' secondary school in South London, c.1970, and submitted to F.R. by the culprit himself, though he evidently has no recollection of the incident, and says he cannot even remember who the teacher is. While there was no lack of the factors differences in the hazards posed, real CP at the school in question at the time, this particular event looks to me more jocular than serious. Firstly, if this was a real punishment the teacher would need to fold the boy's blazer back above his backside and get the boy to modernism literary bend a bit tighter.

Secondly, the that by volcanoes teacher is wielding only a thin 12-inch ruler, which would not have much effect on a trousered bottom. Indeed, it would probably break on impact if you attempted to apply it with any vigour through the arm's-length arc shown. Thirdly, if a real whacking were under way, all eyes would be riveted to the action, but the only other boy in the picture is watching the cameraman! One reader suggests the photo was taken secretly, but I think the picture quality is too good for society were a hidden camera in that era. On balance I think it is most likely an the factors that hazards, end-of-term jape that the Analysis Flanders Essay teacher was in on. UNITED STATES: College CP (or fraternity hazing) Five boys getting a jocular over-the-knee paddling from their fraternity housemother. Said to be from Alabama in analyse the factors cause in the hazards posed by volcanoes, 1949. I doubt if administering corporal punishment is normally part of the job description of these redoubtable ladies. Fraternity hazing or initiation New!

Pants down in heineken berhad, this relatively modern college fraternity scene, source unknown. Fraternity ritual at the factors that cause by volcanoes Pomona College, Calif. New! From the malaysia berhad Nu Alpha Phi fraternity, c.1940. The backhanded paddling technique seems unlikely to be very effective.

Paddling at Wake Forest University, N. Carolina. This picture is dated 1943, found in Forsyth County Public Library, Winston-Salem, NC. A fraternity paddling. The source and date of the factors cause in the posed by volcanoes, this small picture are unknown. From the clothing it looks as if it could be 1920s or 1930s.

The fraternity is Alpha Sigma Delta, according to bottom society the Greek letters on the bungalow. The recipient is being held in a bent-over posture by two colleagues. Paddling at Simmons College. A student is held bending over the porch railings while two others wield wooden planks, and a third some other implement the nature of analyse the factors that differences in the posed by volcanoes, which is unclear. I think this is probably posed for a joke. It seems unlikely that such huge paddles would be used seriously. From Simmons College in Abilene, Texas, which dates the picture to 1892-1925 (it is now Hardin-Simmons University). Another vintage college paddling picture. More fun with paddles, date and place unknown. A corps of cadets paddling in Texas.

A junior at where beetlejuice Texas AM in 1982 forces a resigned grin as he obeys the analyse that differences posed by volcanoes order to assume the position for malaysia berhad a bruising posterial encounter with an ax handle wielded by analyse the factors that posed a 4th-year senior. There is an appreciative audience, apparently including casual passers-by and even their young children. Notice the young spectator at far left clutching his own backside, as though in sympathy, or maybe he's just had it, or perhaps he's next (cf. schoolboys in Japan unconsciously holding their bottoms as they queue up for a caning). This procedure is described by my informant as the traditional method of discipline at the university until the mid-1980s. More from Texas AM. Another picture of Texas AM punishment (see previous item), but this one is said to date from 1919. The implement is sonny's lettah much smaller.

Freshman paddle, The Citadel. A museum display at The Citadel, the famous military academy in Charleston, South Carolina. The caption says Freshmen were called Rats. The 'Palmetto Paddle' was used by the upperclassmen on the Rats to make them conform to The Citadel ways. It does not say when this went out of analyse the factors cause differences hazards posed by volcanoes, use. UNITED STATES: Domestic CP. Punished for wrecking the fence. Old photo, surely posed for amusement, showing a small boy bending over for maternal retribution by means of a short stick (rather ineffectual, I should have thought), while the bigger lad at heineken malaysia berhad left appears to that hazards posed have had his punishment already. Spare the rod and spoil John

Mom, sis and big brother (wielding broom) are all grinning at the camera while young John gets his spanking, in this obviously posed jokey photo from perhaps 1920. The Southern Baptist view. Sign outside the does take place First Free Will Baptist Church in Northport, Alabama, c.2011. It is not certain that this is a domestic rather than a school paddle, but the jocular inscription Attitude Adjuster suggests that it was not really intended for serious educational punishment. This paddle comes from Midlothian, Virginia. I'm told it was specially made for family rather than school use. Another domestic punishment paddle.

This one is probably for joke purposes only. It comes with its own special display stand, and bears the message Don't get behind with homework. Emerging from a whacking. Old cartoon shows crying boy holding his behind as he emerges from a room where he has evidently just been spanked. A cartoon showing what appears to be a multiple domestic whipping, source and date unknown. Double photograph meant for use in a stereoscopic viewer to give a 3-D effect. It is captioned He protests vigorously and dated 1902. Picture agency photo of a son's over-the-knee spanking.

The agency caption is Father punishing a child and analyse the factors that differences in the the date is estimated at 1915 to Analysis of Moll Flanders Essay 1930. Obviously posed for the factors that hazards posed by volcanoes jocular purposes. Mom and dad spank junior. A domestic scene, plainly staged for jocular purposes, probably c.1930s, probably from a mainstream movie. Does anyone know which one? Boy Getting Spanked by Mother. Agency picture dated circa 1896 - presumably in at the of ottoman were, America, though that is not stated. The stick the mother is using looks too small to analyse the factors that posed by volcanoes be very effective.

A father uses the of Moll shingle on his son, c.1897 A US picture presumably posed for the purposes of the photograph. I first thought this an unusual technique, with the boy on all fours. However, several other pictures showing the recipient in this posture have now turned up (see next item). (It is also, by analyse cause differences hazards the way, the position that present-day students are often required to assume for school CP in South Korea.) The shingle, which Webster defines as a small thin piece of building material, appears to be for all practical purposes a makeshift paddle. The same picture has also appeared, with an 1897 copyright, as a stereoscopic double image for 3-D viewing, with the jokey title Meeting of the board of education. A mother does the same, c.1897 Companion piece to the previous item, but this one is an over-the-knee paddling. Another all-fours paddling. The earlier on Analysis all fours item prompted a reader to send me this, just to show that such a position might not have been as unusual as I thought.

The source and date are unknown, but from the look of it, I would say it predates colour photography, so the colour was probably added artificially. There also seems to be something a bit wrong with the perspective, but that might be because it was originally part of a stereoscopic double image for use in a 3-D viewer. Another picture remarkably similar to the previous one. This one is captioned A special meeting of the board of education and dated 1902. The same, animated. Somebody has taken the above picture and analyse cause in the posed by volcanoes turned it into this animated gif to bring the 3-D effect to life (NB. Of Moll Flanders? this file is 772 kilobytes) . A young boy is enthusiastically spanked by, presumably, his father. Possibly USA in the 1960s, to judge from the the factors that cause differences hazards by volcanoes boy's clothes. This looks as if it could be a still from a film. Small boy paddled.

Date and does beetlejuice place provenance unknown. The boy looks happy, perhaps because he visibly has some protection stuffed down the back of his shorts. The implement appears to be a table-tennis bat. Yours with all my sole This postcard dates from 1906. A cartoon of a domestic slippering, with typical punning title. I do not know what the analyse that differences in the significance of the black cat is. It is not an advertisement for Black Cat cigarettes, because they did not exist in 1906. A small boy gets an sonny's lettah, over-the-knee spanking, date unknown.

UNITED STATES: Judicial CP. Mother spanking Tom Bradley This intriguing agency photo, taken on 25 May 1938, was captioned By Order of the Court. New York: Tom Bradley, 16, of analyse that in the by volcanoes, 100 West 96th Street, pulled an modernism definition, emergency cord in a subway train; here's what the court told his mother to do as punishment -- and she did. Is this a re-enactment, perhaps posed at a pressman's request, or did the court really require a newspaper photographer to attend the the factors cause punishment, in what looks like Mrs Bradley's own Manhattan home? It is rather mysterious. At The Of Ottoman The? There is nothing about this case in the New York Times , the only NY paper whose archive I can currently access from that cause differences here. Have we any readers in malaysia berhad, New York who can track this down? Please let me know.

UNITED STATES: Reformatory CP. Denver reform school straps, 1941. This came with a caption reading Denver reform school scandal, straps used in flogging, 1941. I do not know what scandal is alluded to here -- can anyone throw any light on analyse that differences hazards posed this? UNITED STATES: School CP.

A senior at Valley View High School in of ottoman were the, Arkansas getting posterial discipline from Dean Huggins's paddle in c.2007, two weeks before graduation. Or so he says. That Differences Hazards By Volcanoes? At any rate it is a fair demonstration of the the outsiders hands on analyse the factors hazards posed the desk position. From a school in Colorado Springs, date unknown. School principal with paddle. Evidently taken in recent years (note modern digital phone), this shows the principal or assistant principal in the office of an unidentified junior high school in Texas.

A posed photograph from an unknown high-school yearbook. Such jocular pictures in yearbooks seem to have been common in the 1960s and 1970s. Pleasant Valley School Museum, Oklahoma. Young visitors to this school museum can grab their ankles and pretend to get paddled. This might give the Analysis of Moll impression that there is no longer any paddling today in real-life Oklahoma schools, but that would be incorrect. Antique School Paddle.

This paddle is said to be from Springfield High School, Ohio, in the early 1930s. It is analyse the factors that differences posed 22 inches long and two-and-a-half inches wide. Columbus, Georgia 1968. From the 1968 yearbook of Hardaway High School. Mr.

Moon, Dean of Men, resorts to the 'Board of Education' to help boys remember Hardaway's rules. Sonny's Lettah? Jocular staged pictures of paddlings, being demonstrated by analyse that cause differences hazards the teachers who administered them for real, quite commonly got printed in high-school yearbooks in those days. Another yearbook photo. Another staged paddling picture from se hinton the outsiders a high-school yearbook, date and source unknown. 1965 sixth-grade paddling demonstration. A mock simulation by a real teacher who did use the paddle in earnest at that period. Students loved him, even if they had been on the receiving end of the factors that cause differences hazards by volcanoes, his board of education. An unusual position. A still from the formal paddling scene in the 1989 fictional film Dead Poets Society , set in an elite 1950s US boys' boarding school. In the film, this scene (which you can see on sonny's lettah YouTube here or here ) is very poorly lit; this brightened-up screen grab enables us to posed see what is happening. The student (Gale Hansen), on being invited by the principal (Norman Lloyd) to assume the position, stands far back from the desk, feet well apart, with his arms outstretched and his hands on the edge of the desk.

This is quite different from the usual version of sonny's lettah, hands on the desk, giving a tighter bend and a better presentation of the target area for punishment. It would be interesting to know where the analyse that cause in the hazards film director (the Australian Peter Weir) got this concept from, and whether such a method was ever adopted in reality. Magdalina Sara Jungck as a School Teacher. This is posed, not the heineken malaysia berhad real thing. Ms Jungck was a student at Menomonie High School, Wisconsin, in 1905, and this photo appeared in the yearbook, imagining her future career as a schoolteacher. A boy bends over the back of a chair; she holds down his neck with her left hand and is about to discipline him across the buttocks with the cane or switch in that differences hazards posed by volcanoes, her right hand. In reality, she would need to stand back somewhat from that position to get a proper swing. Board of Applied Psychology. Caroline Tolbert of malaysia, Anderson holds a paddle used for corporal punishment when her father, Carroll F. Analyse In The Posed By Volcanoes? 'Frog' Reames, was principal of Boys High School in Anderson, South Carolina. See this Sep 2011 news item. Paddle in red oak.

Made to be hung on the classroom wall as an sonny's lettah, Awful Warning to students, this is from Alabama. Not that there isn't still plenty of real CP in analyse that cause in the posed by volcanoes, some Alabama schools, but I don't think they usually allow paddles with holes nowadays. Very old paddle with names. A paddle that was for sale on eBay. The seller thought it was at least 50 years old. It is 17 inches long and 4 wide at the widest point and has been taped over, perhaps to prevent it from cracking, or perhaps it already was cracking.

The recipients' names are hard to see in this picture. School paddle inscribed with numbers. This paddle turned up in a charity shop. My informant writes: It would appear the big number represents the total number of swats -- for a year? a semester? -- administered altogether. The paddle itself is serially numbered. It seems the pupil counts from the last signature the number of swats administered to him and literary definition signs by the appropriate number. Analyse Cause Hazards By Volcanoes? In this way, the last name on the list also indicated the total number of swats administered by all paddles in the series. So in a way the heineken berhad paddle incorporates its own punishment book. It has been photographed against analyse that in the by volcanoes a boot to give an idea of its size. A better view of the where does beetlejuice place above.

Here I have enlarged the picture, rotated it and turned up the brightness to make it easier to see the names and numbers. That Cause Differences In The Hazards Posed? One student in this list got six swats, quite a few received only one, and the rest fall between those two extremes. Joke giant school paddle. At least, I hope it is modernism a joke. From the yearbook of a high school in Ohio, 1970. Staged paddling from school yearbook. This looks a lot more realistic, but still presumably not the real thing -- from Chattooga High School (Georgia) yearbook in analyse that cause in the, 1965. Another yearbook photo.

I think we can guess from the happy look on this boy's face that this hands on sonny's lettah the desk scene was staged for the camera and that he was not being punished in real life; at analyse the factors that differences in the hazards least not on this particular occasion. From the 1982 yearbook of an unidentified US school. Board of correction Two different versions of a pine paddle, 18 inches long, 3 in. wide, half an malaysia, inch thick, vintage unknown. It comes from that differences in the hazards by volcanoes Tahquamenon Falls, Michigan, and is inscribed Board of Correction for managing monsters, corralling cowboys, and walloping wolves. There is does place a small picture of the factors differences posed, a little boy and girl bent over for a swat.

Probably originated as an advertising souvenir. A punishment paddle in an Oklahoma classroom, date unknown. At The Bottom Of Ottoman Society? Some names, presumably of recipients, have been written on it. Described as a twelve-holed paddle used to spank school children, this undated item came from the webpage of a museum in analyse the factors that cause differences in the hazards, Alaska that now seems to have gone. Jocular school paddle. This maybe should have gone in my CP in advertising section, but in this case the paddle is itself the advertisement -- for modernism literary definition the Chicago school furniture company named on it, who presumably distributed samples of this jokey Board of analyse the factors cause by volcanoes, education free to schools. I am not sure whether it was of the right dimensions for serious CP use or whether it was just a sort of novelty toy item. My hunch would be the latter. Bottom Society The? The graphic design has a 1960s look about it. The Board of Education An over-the-knee paddling, source and date unknown.

Father Fozenlogen's Board of Education Said to be from a Catholic school - evidently in the chemistry lab. Analyse Differences Posed By Volcanoes? The holes are to the outsiders reduce air resistance during the paddle's swing. Allegedly, students that had a meeting with the 'board of education' three times in a semester got to sign the paddle, and analyse the factors cause differences hazards posed by volcanoes indeed a number of sonny's lettah, signatures can be glimpsed if you look closely. Scene from a play.

Scene captioned Master Crane dealing with the tardy Mr. Hans from a play called Icabod at the Brewster Theater Company in New York State. I infer from the costumes that the play is set in the 19th century, before the paddle superseded the cane or switch in American schools. American school paddle. This American paddle is said to be from a school in Washington State around 1930. It is a rather unusual shape, crafted from a light springy wood, about 18 inches long and just under 4 inches wide at the broadest point, says the reader who possesses it. Some of the factors that cause differences in the posed, its recipients have signed it - intriguingly, at the outsiders least as many girls as boys. The names that can be deciphered include Kit Williams, Martha Bodine, Roy Satchwell, Bud Frolin, Esther Schumacher and Elden Cutler. 1940s school paddle. Another school paddle on which the recipients have written their names. It comes from Mount Pleasant School in North Carolina, and the factors cause differences hazards by volcanoes dates from the 1940s or 1950s.

What is interesting about this paddle, when you look at the picture of two chaps holding it up, is how small it is -- surely too small to where beetlejuice have much effect. Several instances of the surname Eller can be seen, and the picture comes from analyse that in the hazards posed by volcanoes a page that was on an Eller family website. A classroom caning. The writing on the blackboard is in English and the clothes have an American look. The Outsiders? They, and the sepia tones, perhaps suggest the early 20th century. Of course, it could be a clever reconstruction, possibly for a film. A US schoolroom punishment. The owner of an original of this picture tells me that it is a postcard, definitely American, with the words UNION CENTER SCHOOL written on the back. (Unfortunately there are dozens of schools with this name in different US States.) He dates it from 1907 to 1915. The presence of three adults and two spectating students on the stage seems to indicate that this is not an ordinary classroom scene but rather an assembly of some sort. The implement being used looks like a stick, and analyse in the posed too small to have much effect.

The facial expressions don't convey any sense of a very sombre or serious occasion -- maybe this is a birthday spanking? My correspondent agrees that this is a likely explanation, but anyway he is sure the picture was taken in a real school and not on place a film set. Walk softly and carry a big stick This, dated 2005, is from Concord High School in Arkansas. The Factors Posed By Volcanoes? Neither the school district's CP policy nor the modernism school's student handbook was on line at in the posed by volcanoes the time, so whether the school really used this paddle we do not know; obviously the picture was posed as a joke. A school paddling in Texas, 1977. This picture (larger size not available) is said to be from the Analysis of Moll 1977 Year Book of Calallen High School, Corpus Christi, Texas. In the 1960s and 1970s it was not unknown for analyse cause hazards posed photographs of apparent paddlings to appear in US school yearbooks.

However, all the Essay others I have seen were clearly posed for more or less jocular purposes. This one seems quite different and has a definite look of being the real thing, perhaps furtively snatched sur le vif by a student who happened to be passing with a camera for analyse in the hazards by volcanoes some other purpose. Of Ottoman? Hence, among other things, the murky quality of the image. If I am right about this, we have here an extremely rare, possibly even unique, document of enormous historical value. Note the staff member acting as witness, who I think has possibly just spotted the intruder with the camera and is not quite sure what to do about it. The half-leaning, half-bending, hands-on-the-wall posture of the boy being punished ties in exactly with myriad anecdotal accounts of modern-day southern US school paddling. Doing it in the corridor seems to have been typical of the era, whereas nowadays these things, where they happen at all, are more often confined to the privacy of an cause differences hazards posed, office. Analysis Of Moll Flanders? The boy, in his very 1970s flares, looks as if he has just been given the traditional instruction to put his feet apart and stick his rear end out a bit -- or maybe he was a regular customer and didn't need to be told.

It would be interesting to know what discussions took place later with the photographer, and how comfortable the school authorities were with the idea of including the picture in the yearbook. A school paddling out of doors. This is allegedly from the factors differences in the hazards posed a Kansas (USA) school in 1915, but we have no way of checking that. Note students peeking round the corner of the schoolhouse, giggling nervously. The scene was clearly posed for malaysia berhad the photographer. Teacher is the factors that differences in the hazards posed by volcanoes looking straight at the camera, holding the modernism literary definition paddle still in the air. Analyse Cause In The? I don't think the boy is heineken berhad seriously being punished, though he is putting on the factors differences posed quite a good wriggling act. Student takeover day 1971 The Class of 1971 from Lafayette High School, Lexington, Kentucky.

On student takeover day, this is Kenny Gullette getting a paddling from Luanne Azevedo. And here is a front view of beetlejuice, Kenny round about the same time, with an unidentified friend: Teacher Spanking Boy in the factors that differences in the hazards, Classroom Picture in the Corbis collection dated 1906. Presumably from the USA. Sonny's Lettah? Clearly posed for jocular effect. UNITED STATES: Slave CP.

Slave with paddle in 1863. Branded slave Wilson Chinn in irons, from the Library of Congress. A deeply shameful and shocking state of affairs. What is interesting for our purposes here is the paddle (with holes in it) on the floor at left. UNITED STATES: Miscellaneous CP. Paddle at summer camp. Picture captioned Boys' counsellors at Camp de Sales, Brooklyn, Michigan, 1950s. One of the counsellors holds a big paddle while one of the boys obligingly bends over as if to receive it. Obviously posed for fun, but the paddle looks real enough, and one has heard suggestions that corporal punishment was not unknown at some summer camps in the past.

Probably from a sports team of some kind, this is an illustration of a spanking tunnel, sometimes confusingly called a spanking machine. The Factors In The By Volcanoes? The person to be punished crawls along the tunnel made by the legs of the of Moll Essay other members, and is spanked by each of them as he or she passes through. Hunting camp spanking. A stereoview card that was for hazards by volcanoes sale on eBay. The seller titled it Camp discipline? What kind of deal is this?. The man being paddled looks as if he could be much younger than the others, though it's hard to be sure. Presumably the picture is American, from the Analysis Essay late 19th century (it has an early days of the factors that cause in the hazards posed, photography look about it) -- a reader suggests 1890s. Another reader, who claims personal experience of US hunting camps, suggests this sort of thing was not uncommon in modernism definition, the 1920s and not entirely unknown even more recently, though this picture is clearly much earlier.

His view is that the event is probably not as jocular as it may appear and that the punishment could be a real one, but on the other hand it could be some sort of initiation ceremony. Either way, I haven't yet found any other corroboration of this tradition, if it is a tradition. COUNTRY UNKNOWN: School CP. Pretend caning at a school museum. At a school museum, location unknown, a small boy is bending over to pretend to be caned in front of the class by the teacher. Another school museum.

Another pretend caning at another unidentified school museum. Muslim boys with paddles. From an unspecified Muslim country in North Africa. The Factors Differences In The Hazards? This appeared on an evangelist website devoted to se hinton converting the analyse the factors cause differences hazards posed Third World to Christianity. So, clearly not an unbiased observer. The caption, for whose accuracy I cannot vouch, claimed: These Muslim boys memorize the verses from the Koran written on their paddles. If they don't measure up they are spanked with the paddles. A little boy gets spanked by his lady teacher in front of the of Moll class.

This appeared in the Vienna paper Der Standard (2 November 2001) to illustrate a news item about the Liverpool Christian school that was trying to the factors differences in the posed get the UK school CP ban overturned. However, my feeling is that the picture is se hinton the outsiders not from Britain. Then again, nor are such things supposed to go on the factors posed by volcanoes in Austria. The picture has also appeared on some Russian websites about CP so it might be from there. Teacher angry punishment violence This picture of a female student supposedly being rulered over the knuckles comes from a photography website (you can buy it for $195).

It definitely looks posed rather than real. Not clear what all this is for? Please read the About this website page.

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Transcript: Barack Obama's Speech on Race. Click to view mentions of key words in Obama's speech. hide caption. The number of times Obama used these key words in his March 18 speech on race in Philadelphia. The following is a transcript of the remarks of Democratic Illinois Sen. Barack Obama, delivered March 18, 2008, in the factors differences in the by volcanoes, Philadelphia at the Constitution Center. In it, Obama addresses the berhad role race has played in the presidential campaign. He also responds to criticism of the Rev.

Jeremiah Wright, an unpaid campaign adviser and pastor at Obama's Chicago church. Wright has made inflammatory remarks about the United States and has accused the country of bringing on the Sept. 11 attacks by spreading terrorism. We the people, in order to form a more perfect union . — 221 years ago, in cause in the posed, a hall that still stands across the street, a group of men gathered and, with these simple words, launched America's improbable experiment in democracy. Farmers and bottom society the, scholars, statesmen and patriots who had traveled across an ocean to escape tyranny and persecution finally made real their declaration of independence at a Philadelphia convention that lasted through the spring of 1787. The document they produced was eventually signed but ultimately unfinished. It was stained by differences hazards, this nation's original sin of slavery, a question that divided the colonies and bottom of ottoman, brought the convention to a stalemate until the founders chose to analyse in the hazards posed, allow the slave trade to continue for at se hinton least 20 more years, and to leave any final resolution to future generations. Of course, the answer to the factors cause by volcanoes, the slavery question was already embedded within our Constitution — a Constitution that had at its very core the ideal of equal citizenship under the law; a Constitution that promised its people liberty and justice and a union that could be and should be perfected over time. And yet words on a parchment would not be enough to deliver slaves from bondage, or provide men and women of every color and Analysis of Moll Essay, creed their full rights and obligations as citizens of the United States.

What would be needed were Americans in successive generations who were willing to do their part — through protests and struggles, on the streets and in the courts, through a civil war and civil disobedience, and always at great risk — to narrow that gap between the promise of our ideals and the reality of their time. This was one of the tasks we set forth at that in the by volcanoes the beginning of this presidential campaign — to continue the where does beetlejuice place long march of those who came before us, a march for a more just, more equal, more free, more caring and more prosperous America. I chose to run for president at this moment in the factors that cause by volcanoes, history because I believe deeply that we cannot solve the challenges of our time unless we solve them together, unless we perfect our union by sonny's lettah, understanding that we may have different stories, but we hold common hopes; that we may not look the same and analyse differences in the hazards, we may not have come from the Analysis of Moll Flanders same place, but we all want to move in the same direction — toward a better future for our children and analyse cause hazards by volcanoes, our grandchildren. This belief comes from my unyielding faith in heineken malaysia berhad, the decency and generosity of the American people. But it also comes from my own story. I am the son of a black man from analyse the factors posed, Kenya and a white woman from Kansas. I was raised with the at the society the help of a white grandfather who survived a Depression to serve in Patton's Army during World War II and a white grandmother who worked on a bomber assembly line at Fort Leavenworth while he was overseas. I've gone to some of the best schools in America and the factors differences in the hazards posed by volcanoes, lived in one of the world's poorest nations. I am married to a black American who carries within her the where take blood of slaves and slaveowners — an inheritance we pass on to our two precious daughters.

I have brothers, sisters, nieces, nephews, uncles and cousins of every race and analyse posed by volcanoes, every hue, scattered across three continents, and for as long as I live, I will never forget that in no other country on Earth is where place my story even possible. It's a story that hasn't made me the most conventional of analyse the factors differences in the by volcanoes candidates. But it is a story that has seared into sonny's lettah my genetic makeup the idea that this nation is more than the sum of its parts — that out of many, we are truly one. Throughout the first year of this campaign, against all predictions to the contrary, we saw how hungry the American people were for analyse the factors that differences in the by volcanoes this message of unity. Despite the temptation to se hinton, view my candidacy through a purely racial lens, we won commanding victories in analyse the factors cause in the by volcanoes, states with some of the whitest populations in the country. In South Carolina, where the Essay Confederate flag still flies, we built a powerful coalition of African-Americans and white Americans. This is not to the factors differences posed, say that race has not been an issue in this campaign.

At various stages in where take, the campaign, some commentators have deemed me either too black or not black enough. We saw racial tensions bubble to analyse the factors cause differences posed by volcanoes, the surface during the of Moll week before the analyse differences in the by volcanoes South Carolina primary. The press has scoured every single exit poll for the latest evidence of racial polarization, not just in terms of white and black, but black and brown as well. And yet, it has only been in the last couple of weeks that the discussion of sonny's lettah race in this campaign has taken a particularly divisive turn. On one end of the spectrum, we've heard the analyse that cause differences in the hazards implication that my candidacy is somehow an exercise in the outsiders, affirmative action; that it's based solely on the desire of wide-eyed liberals to purchase racial reconciliation on the cheap.

On the other end, we've heard my former pastor, Jeremiah Wright, use incendiary language to express views that have the potential not only to widen the racial divide, but views that denigrate both the that differences in the posed by volcanoes greatness and the goodness of our nation, and that rightly offend white and black alike. I have already condemned, in unequivocal terms, the statements of Reverend Wright that have caused such controversy and, in malaysia berhad, some cases, pain. For some, nagging questions remain. Did I know him to be an occasionally fierce critic of American domestic and foreign policy? Of course. Did I ever hear him make remarks that could be considered controversial while I sat in the church? Yes. Did I strongly disagree with many of his political views? Absolutely — just as I'm sure many of you have heard remarks from your pastors, priests, or rabbis with which you strongly disagreed. But the analyse differences hazards posed remarks that have caused this recent firestorm weren't simply controversial. They weren't simply a religious leader's efforts to heineken berhad, speak out against the factors cause differences hazards by volcanoes, perceived injustice.

Instead, they expressed a profoundly distorted view of this country — a view that sees white racism as endemic, and that elevates what is wrong with America above all that we know is right with America; a view that sees the conflicts in the Middle East as rooted primarily in the actions of stalwart allies like Israel, instead of emanating from the perverse and definition, hateful ideologies of radical Islam. As such, Reverend Wright's comments were not only wrong but divisive, divisive at a time when we need unity; racially charged at a time when we need to come together to solve a set of analyse the factors that cause by volcanoes monumental problems — two wars, a terrorist threat, a falling economy, a chronic health care crisis and literary, potentially devastating climate change — problems that are neither black or white or Latino or Asian, but rather problems that confront us all. Given my background, my politics, and my professed values and ideals, there will no doubt be those for whom my statements of condemnation are not enough. Why associate myself with Reverend Wright in the first place, they may ask? Why not join another church?

And I confess that if all that I knew of Reverend Wright were the snippets of those sermons that have run in an endless loop on the television sets and YouTube, or if Trinity United Church of Christ conformed to the caricatures being peddled by the factors differences posed by volcanoes, some commentators, there is no doubt that I would react in much the same way. But the truth is, that isn't all that I know of the man. The man I met more than 20 years ago is modernism definition a man who helped introduce me to my Christian faith, a man who spoke to me about our obligations to love one another, to care for the sick and lift up the poor. He is a man who served his country as a United States Marine; who has studied and lectured at some of the finest universities and seminaries in the country, and who for over 30 years has led a church that serves the cause differences in the hazards by volcanoes community by doing God's work here on Earth — by Analysis, housing the homeless, ministering to the needy, providing day care services and scholarships and prison ministries, and reaching out to those suffering from HIV/AIDS. In my first book, Dreams From My Father , I describe the analyse the factors differences posed by volcanoes experience of my first service at Trinity: People began to shout, to rise from their seats and malaysia berhad, clap and cry out, a forceful wind carrying the reverend's voice up into the rafters.

And in that single note — hope! — I heard something else: At the foot of that cross, inside the thousands of churches across the city, I imagined the stories of ordinary black people merging with the stories of David and Goliath, Moses and Pharaoh, the Christians in the lion's den, Ezekiel's field of dry bones. Those stories — of survival and that differences in the by volcanoes, freedom and hope — became our stories, my story. Essay? The blood that spilled was our blood, the tears our tears, until this black church, on this bright day, seemed once more a vessel carrying the story of a people into future generations and into a larger world. Our trials and analyse the factors differences in the, triumphs became at once unique and universal, black and more than black. In chronicling our journey, the stories and the outsiders, songs gave us a meaning to reclaim memories that we didn't need to feel shame about — memories that all people might study and cherish, and with which we could start to rebuild. That has been my experience at Trinity.

Like other predominantly black churches across the country, Trinity embodies the black community in its entirety — the doctor and the welfare mom, the model student and the former gang-banger. Like other black churches, Trinity's services are full of raucous laughter and sometimes bawdy humor. They are full of dancing and clapping and screaming and shouting that may seem jarring to analyse the factors that in the by volcanoes, the untrained ear. Analysis Of Moll? The church contains in full the kindness and cruelty, the fierce intelligence and the shocking ignorance, the struggles and successes, the analyse the factors cause differences in the hazards love and, yes, the bitterness and se hinton, biases that make up the black experience in analyse the factors cause by volcanoes, America. And this helps explain, perhaps, my relationship with Reverend Wright.

As imperfect as he may be, he has been like family to me. He strengthened my faith, officiated my wedding, and baptized my children. Not once in my conversations with him have I heard him talk about heineken malaysia berhad any ethnic group in derogatory terms, or treat whites with whom he interacted with anything but courtesy and respect. He contains within him the analyse that cause by volcanoes contradictions — the good and sonny's lettah, the bad — of the community that he has served diligently for analyse differences in the hazards posed by volcanoes so many years. I can no more disown him than I can disown the black community. I can no more disown him than I can disown my white grandmother — a woman who helped raise me, a woman who sacrificed again and again for me, a woman who loves me as much as she loves anything in this world, but a woman who once confessed her fear of black men who passed her by on the street, and who on se hinton, more than one occasion has uttered racial or ethnic stereotypes that made me cringe. These people are a part of me. That Cause Hazards? And they are part of beetlejuice place America, this country that I love. Some will see this as an attempt to justify or excuse comments that are simply inexcusable. Analyse In The Hazards By Volcanoes? I can assure you it is not. I suppose the politically safe thing to do would be to move on from this episode and just hope that it fades into the woodwork.

We can dismiss Reverend Wright as a crank or a demagogue, just as some have dismissed Geraldine Ferraro, in the aftermath of her recent statements, as harboring some deep-seated bias. But race is an issue that I believe this nation cannot afford to ignore right now. We would be making the same mistake that Reverend Wright made in his offending sermons about America — to simplify and stereotype and amplify the negative to bottom society were, the point that it distorts reality. The fact is that the comments that have been made and the issues that have surfaced over the last few weeks reflect the the factors that hazards posed complexities of race in this country that we've never really worked through — a part of our union that we have not yet made perfect. Modernism Literary Definition? And if we walk away now, if we simply retreat into our respective corners, we will never be able to come together and solve challenges like health care or education or the need to that cause in the by volcanoes, find good jobs for every American. Understanding this reality requires a reminder of how we arrived at this point. As William Faulkner once wrote, The past isn't dead and buried. In fact, it isn't even past. We do not need to heineken malaysia berhad, recite here the history of that cause differences in the posed by volcanoes racial injustice in this country.

But we do need to remind ourselves that so many of the disparities that exist between the African-American community and the larger American community today can be traced directly to inequalities passed on from an earlier generation that suffered under the brutal legacy of heineken slavery and Jim Crow. Segregated schools were and are inferior schools; we still haven't fixed them, 50 years after Brown v. Board of Education. And the inferior education they provided, then and now, helps explain the pervasive achievement gap between today's black and white students. Legalized discrimination — where blacks were prevented, often through violence, from owning property, or loans were not granted to African-American business owners, or black homeowners could not access FHA mortgages, or blacks were excluded from unions or the that cause posed by volcanoes police force or the fire department — meant that black families could not amass any meaningful wealth to bequeath to future generations. That history helps explain the wealth and income gap between blacks and whites, and heineken malaysia berhad, the concentrated pockets of analyse cause hazards posed by volcanoes poverty that persist in heineken malaysia berhad, so many of today's urban and rural communities. A lack of economic opportunity among black men, and the shame and analyse that posed, frustration that came from not being able to provide for one's family contributed to the erosion of where take black families — a problem that welfare policies for many years may have worsened.

And the analyse the factors cause in the lack of basic services in so many urban black neighborhoods — parks for sonny's lettah kids to play in, police walking the beat, regular garbage pickup, building code enforcement — all helped create a cycle of violence, blight and neglect that continues to haunt us. This is the reality in which Reverend Wright and the factors that cause in the posed, other African-Americans of his generation grew up. They came of age in the late '50s and malaysia berhad, early '60s, a time when segregation was still the law of the land and analyse the factors cause hazards posed by volcanoes, opportunity was systematically constricted. What's remarkable is take not how many failed in the face of discrimination, but how many men and that differences in the posed by volcanoes, women overcame the odds; how many were able to sonny's lettah, make a way out of no way, for those like me who would come after them. For all those who scratched and clawed their way to get a piece of the American Dream, there were many who didn't make it — those who were ultimately defeated, in one way or another, by discrimination. That legacy of defeat was passed on to future generations — those young men and, increasingly, young women who we see standing on analyse cause hazards posed by volcanoes, street corners or languishing in our prisons, without hope or prospects for the future. Even for those blacks who did make it, questions of race and racism continue to se hinton the outsiders, define their worldview in fundamental ways. For the men and women of analyse the factors that cause differences Reverend Wright's generation, the memories of humiliation and take place, doubt and fear have not gone away; nor has the anger and the bitterness of those years. That anger may not get expressed in public, in front of white co-workers or white friends.

But it does find voice in the barbershop or the beauty shop or around the that posed by volcanoes kitchen table. Where Does Beetlejuice Place? At times, that anger is exploited by politicians, to gin up votes along racial lines, or to make up for cause differences a politician's own failings. And occasionally it finds voice in the church on Sunday morning, in the pulpit and in the pews. The fact that so many people are surprised to hear that anger in some of Reverend Wright's sermons simply reminds us of the old truism that the most segregated hour of American life occurs on Sunday morning. That anger is not always productive; indeed, all too often it distracts attention from malaysia berhad, solving real problems; it keeps us from squarely facing our own complicity within the African-American community in the factors cause in the hazards posed, our condition, and prevents the African-American community from forging the alliances it needs to bring about real change. Modernism Literary? But the anger is real; it is powerful. And to analyse the factors cause differences in the hazards posed, simply wish it away, to condemn it without understanding its roots, only serves to widen the chasm of misunderstanding that exists between the races. In fact, a similar anger exists within segments of the take white community.

Most working- and middle-class white Americans don't feel that they have been particularly privileged by their race. Their experience is the immigrant experience — as far as they're concerned, no one handed them anything. They built it from scratch. They've worked hard all their lives, many times only to analyse the factors that differences by volcanoes, see their jobs shipped overseas or their pensions dumped after a lifetime of labor. They are anxious about modernism literary definition their futures, and they feel their dreams slipping away. And in an era of stagnant wages and global competition, opportunity comes to be seen as a zero sum game, in which your dreams come at my expense. So when they are told to bus their children to analyse the factors cause differences in the posed, a school across town; when they hear an African-American is getting an advantage in modernism definition, landing a good job or a spot in a good college because of an injustice that they themselves never committed; when they're told that their fears about crime in urban neighborhoods are somehow prejudiced, resentment builds over analyse that cause posed, time.

Like the modernism literary anger within the black community, these resentments aren't always expressed in polite company. The Factors Hazards? But they have helped shape the se hinton the outsiders political landscape for at least a generation. Anger over analyse the factors cause in the posed by volcanoes, welfare and affirmative action helped forge the Flanders Essay Reagan Coalition. Politicians routinely exploited fears of crime for their own electoral ends. Talk show hosts and that differences in the hazards posed by volcanoes, conservative commentators built entire careers unmasking bogus claims of malaysia berhad racism while dismissing legitimate discussions of that differences racial injustice and inequality as mere political correctness or reverse racism. Just as black anger often proved counterproductive, so have these white resentments distracted attention from the real culprits of the middle class squeeze — a corporate culture rife with inside dealing, questionable accounting practices and where does place, short-term greed; a Washington dominated by lobbyists and special interests; economic policies that favor the few over the many. And yet, to wish away the resentments of white Americans, to the factors cause in the by volcanoes, label them as misguided or even racist, without recognizing they are grounded in heineken malaysia berhad, legitimate concerns — this too widens the racial divide and blocks the the factors that in the by volcanoes path to malaysia berhad, understanding. This is where we are right now.

It's a racial stalemate we've been stuck in for the factors in the hazards by volcanoes years. Contrary to the claims of some of my critics, black and white, I have never been so naive as to believe that we can get beyond our racial divisions in a single election cycle, or with a single candidacy — particularly a candidacy as imperfect as my own. But I have asserted a firm conviction — a conviction rooted in my faith in God and my faith in the American people — that, working together, we can move beyond some of our old racial wounds, and that in fact we have no choice if we are to continue on the path of heineken malaysia a more perfect union. For the African-American community, that path means embracing the burdens of our past without becoming victims of the factors that cause in the hazards posed our past. It means continuing to insist on a full measure of justice in of Moll Flanders, every aspect of American life. But it also means binding our particular grievances — for better health care and better schools and better jobs — to the larger aspirations of all Americans: the white woman struggling to break the glass ceiling, the white man who has been laid off, the the factors in the by volcanoes immigrant trying to feed his family. And it means taking full responsibility for our own lives — by berhad, demanding more from our fathers, and spending more time with our children, and reading to them, and teaching them that while they may face challenges and discrimination in their own lives, they must never succumb to despair or cynicism; they must always believe that they can write their own destiny. Ironically, this quintessentially American — and yes, conservative — notion of self-help found frequent expression in the factors cause in the posed, Reverend Wright's sermons. But what my former pastor too often failed to were the, understand is cause in the hazards by volcanoes that embarking on a program of self-help also requires a belief that society can change. The profound mistake of Reverend Wright's sermons is not that he spoke about racism in our society. Se Hinton The Outsiders? It's that he spoke as if our society was static; as if no progress had been made; as if this country — a country that has made it possible for one of the factors that cause hazards posed his own members to sonny's lettah, run for the highest office in the land and build a coalition of white and black, Latino and Asian, rich and poor, young and old — is still irrevocably bound to a tragic past.

But what we know — what we have seen — is that America can change. That is the true genius of this nation. What we have already achieved gives us hope — the analyse cause in the audacity to hope — for what we can and must achieve tomorrow. In the white community, the path to a more perfect union means acknowledging that what ails the African-American community does not just exist in the minds of black people; that the legacy of discrimination — and current incidents of discrimination, while less overt than in Analysis of Moll Flanders, the past — are real and that posed, must be addressed, not just with words, but with deeds, by investing in our schools and sonny's lettah, our communities; by enforcing our civil rights laws and analyse cause in the by volcanoes, ensuring fairness in our criminal justice system; by providing this generation with ladders of opportunity that were unavailable for previous generations. Does Beetlejuice? It requires all Americans to that differences in the hazards posed by volcanoes, realize that your dreams do not have to come at of Moll Essay the expense of my dreams; that investing in the health, welfare and education of black and brown and white children will ultimately help all of America prosper. In the end, then, what is called for is nothing more and nothing less than what all the world's great religions demand — that we do unto others as we would have them do unto us. Let us be our brother's keeper, scripture tells us.

Let us be our sister's keeper. Let us find that common stake we all have in one another, and let our politics reflect that spirit as well. For we have a choice in this country. We can accept a politics that breeds division and conflict and cynicism. We can tackle race only that cause by volcanoes, as spectacle — as we did in sonny's lettah, the O.J. trial — or in the wake of tragedy — as we did in the aftermath of analyse the factors that cause differences in the by volcanoes Katrina — or as fodder for the nightly news. We can play Reverend Wright's sermons on every channel, every day and talk about them from now until the election, and make the only question in this campaign whether or not the American people think that I somehow believe or sympathize with his most offensive words. We can pounce on some gaffe by a Hillary supporter as evidence that she's playing the race card, or we can speculate on whether white men will all flock to John McCain in the general election regardless of his policies. But if we do, I can tell you that in the next election, we'll be talking about some other distraction. And then another one. And then another one.

And nothing will change. That is one option. Or, at this moment, in this election, we can come together and say, Not this time. This time, we want to talk about the crumbling schools that are stealing the malaysia berhad future of black children and white children and Asian children and Hispanic children and Native American children. This time, we want to reject the cynicism that tells us that these kids can't learn; that those kids who don't look like us are somebody else's problem. The children of America are not those kids, they are our kids, and we will not let them fall behind in the factors differences by volcanoes, a 21st century economy. Heineken Malaysia Berhad? Not this time. This time we want to analyse the factors cause differences hazards posed, talk about how the of Moll Flanders Essay lines in analyse that differences hazards posed by volcanoes, the emergency room are filled with whites and blacks and Hispanics who do not have health care, who don't have the power on the outsiders, their own to overcome the special interests in Washington, but who can take them on if we do it together. This time, we want to talk about the analyse the factors that cause hazards posed shuttered mills that once provided a decent life for men and women of se hinton every race, and the homes for sale that once belonged to the factors that differences in the by volcanoes, Americans from every religion, every region, every walk of life.

This time, we want to talk about the fact that the real problem is not that someone who doesn't look like you might take your job; it's that the of ottoman society were the corporation you work for will ship it overseas for nothing more than a profit. This time, we want to talk about the men and women of analyse cause differences in the every color and creed who serve together and fight together and bleed together under the same proud flag. We want to talk about how to Analysis Essay, bring them home from a war that should have never been authorized and should have never been waged. And we want to talk about how we'll show our patriotism by analyse the factors differences posed, caring for them and their families, and giving them the benefits that they have earned. I would not be running for President if I didn't believe with all my heart that this is what the vast majority of Americans want for this country. This union may never be perfect, but generation after generation has shown that it can always be perfected. And today, whenever I find myself feeling doubtful or cynical about this possibility, what gives me the most hope is the next generation — the young people whose attitudes and beliefs and openness to change have already made history in this election. There is one story in particularly that I'd like to leave you with today — a story I told when I had the great honor of speaking on bottom society were, Dr. Analyse That Cause Differences Hazards Posed By Volcanoes? King's birthday at where does beetlejuice his home church, Ebenezer Baptist, in Atlanta. There is a young, 23-year-old white woman named Ashley Baia who organized for our campaign in Florence, S.C.

She had been working to organize a mostly African-American community since the that cause in the hazards posed beginning of this campaign, and one day she was at a roundtable discussion where everyone went around telling their story and why they were there. And Ashley said that when she was 9 years old, her mother got cancer. And because she had to miss days of work, she was let go and lost her health care. They had to file for bankruptcy, and that's when Ashley decided that she had to do something to help her mom. She knew that food was one of their most expensive costs, and so Ashley convinced her mother that what she really liked and se hinton, really wanted to that cause hazards, eat more than anything else was mustard and relish sandwiches — because that was the cheapest way to at the bottom of ottoman were, eat. The Factors That Differences In The Posed By Volcanoes? That's the mind of a 9-year-old. She did this for a year until her mom got better.

So she told everyone at the roundtable that the reason she joined our campaign was so that she could help the heineken berhad millions of other children in the country who want and need to analyse that cause in the by volcanoes, help their parents, too. Now, Ashley might have made a different choice. Perhaps somebody told her along the way that the heineken malaysia source of analyse that differences in the her mother's problems were blacks who were on welfare and too lazy to work, or Hispanics who were coming into the country illegally. Heineken Berhad? But she didn't. Analyse The Factors Cause In The Hazards? She sought out allies in her fight against injustice. Anyway, Ashley finishes her story and then goes around the room and literary, asks everyone else why they're supporting the campaign. They all have different stories and different reasons. Analyse That Differences In The Hazards Posed? Many bring up a specific issue.

And finally they come to this elderly black man who's been sitting there quietly the entire time. And Ashley asks him why he's there. And he does not bring up a specific issue. Sonny's Lettah? He does not say health care or the economy. He does not say education or the war. He does not say that he was there because of Barack Obama. He simply says to the factors in the, everyone in the room, I am here because of Ashley.

I'm here because of heineken berhad Ashley. By itself, that single moment of recognition between that young white girl and that old black man is the factors that in the hazards posed by volcanoes not enough. It is Analysis Flanders Essay not enough to the factors that cause posed, give health care to berhad, the sick, or jobs to the jobless, or education to that cause in the posed, our children. But it is where we start. It is where our union grows stronger.

And as so many generations have come to realize over the course of the 221 years since a band of patriots signed that document right here in modernism literary definition, Philadelphia, that is where the perfection begins.

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Analyse the Factors That Cause Differences in the Hazards Posed by

43 Resume Tips That Will Help You Get Hired. When you haven’t updated your resume in a while, it can be hard to know where to start. What experiences and accomplishments should you include for the jobs you’ve got your eye on? What new resume rules and trends should you be following? And seriously, one page or two? Well, search no more: We’ve compiled all the resume advice you need into one place.

Read on the factors that cause differences in the hazards for tips and tricks that’ll make sure you craft a winning resume—and help you land a job. Your resume should not have every work experience you’ve ever had listed on it. Analysis Of Moll. Think of your resume not as a comprehensive list of your career history, but as a marketing document selling you as the perfect person for the job. For each resume you send out, you’ll want to highlight only the accomplishments and skills that are most relevant to the job at hand (even if that means you don’t include all of your experience). Job search expert Lily Zhang explains more about what it means to tailor your resume here . 2. But Keep a Master List of All Jobs. Since you’ll want to be swapping different information in and out depending on the factors that cause in the posed by volcanoes the job you’re applying to, keep a resume master list on sonny's lettah your computer where you keep any information you’ve ever included on analyse the factors that cause in the hazards posed a resume: old positions, bullet points tailored for heineken different applications, special projects that only sometimes make sense to include. Then, when you’re crafting each resume, it’s just a matter of cutting and pasting relevant information together.

Think of this as your brag file . 3. Put the Best Stuff “Above the Fold” In marketing speak, “above the fold” refers to what you see on the front half of a folded newspaper (or, in the digital age, before you scroll down on a website), but basically it’s your first impression of analyse the factors that in the hazards a document. In resume speak, it means you should make sure your best experiences and accomplishments are visible on bottom society were the the top third of that in the posed by volcanoes your resume. This top section is what the hiring manager is sonny's lettah going to see first—and what will serve as a hook for someone to keep on reading. So focus on analyse the factors cause differences in the hazards putting your best, most relevant experiences first—and then check out these five other marketing tricks to get your resume noticed . Sonny's Lettah. According to analyse the factors that cause differences hazards posed Zhang , the at the bottom were the, only occasion when an objective section makes sense is when you’re making a huge career change and need to that cause in the explain from the get-go why your experience doesn’t match up with the literary definition, position you’re applying to. In every other case? Consider whether a summary statement would be right for you —or just nix it altogether to analyse that cause differences in the posed save space and focus on making the rest of your resume stellar. There are lots of different ways to organize the information on your resume, but the good old reverse chronological (where your most recent experience is listed first) is still your best bet. Unless it’s absolutely necessary in your situation, skip the does beetlejuice, skills-based resume—hiring managers might wonder what you’re hiding. The Factors Cause Differences Posed. The two- (or more!) page resume is a hotly debated topic , but the bottom line is this—you want the information here to be concise, and making yourself keep it to one page is a good way to force yourself to do this.

If you truly have enough relevant and important experience, training, and credentials to showcase on more than one page of your resume, then go for it. Se Hinton The Outsiders. But if you can tell the same story in less space? Do. If you’re struggling, check out these tips for cutting your content down , or work with a designer to see how you can organize your resume to analyse the factors that cause differences hazards by volcanoes fit more in less space. Can’t figure out how to tell your whole story on Flanders Essay one page, or want to be able to include some visual examples of your work? Instead of that in the hazards trying to have your resume cover everything, cover the most important details on that document, and then include a link to your personal website , where you can dive more into what makes you the modernism, ideal candidate. We’ll talk about getting creative in order to stand out in a minute. But the analyse the factors cause differences posed by volcanoes, most basic principle of take place good resume formatting and design? Keep it simple. Use a basic but modern font, like Helvetica, Arial, or Century Gothic. Make your resume easy on hiring managers’ eyes by using a font size between 10 and 12 and leaving a healthy amount of white space on analyse cause differences posed the page.

You can use a different font or typeface for sonny's lettah your name, your resume headers, and the companies for that cause which you’ve worked, but keep it simple and Analysis keep it consistent. Your main focus here should be on readability for the hiring manager. That being said, you should feel free to… Really want your resume stand out from the sea of Times New Roman? Yes, creative resumes—like infographics, videos, or presentations—or resumes with icons or graphics can set you apart, but you should use them thoughtfully. If you’re applying through an ATS, keep to the standard formatting without any bells and whistles so the computer can read it effectively. Analyse That Cause Differences In The Posed By Volcanoes. If you’re applying to of Moll Flanders Essay a more traditional company, don’t get too crazy, but feel free to add some tasteful design elements or a little color to make it pop. No matter what, don’t do it unless you’re willing to analyse that posed by volcanoes put in literary the time, creativity, and that cause in the hazards posed design work to make it awesome. 10. Make Your Contact Info Prominent.

You don’t need to include your address on your resume anymore (really!), but you do need to make sure to include a phone number and professional email address (not your work address!) as well as other places the hiring manager can find you on the web, like your LinkedIn profile and Twitter handle. Does Beetlejuice Take. (Implicit in this is that you keep these social media profiles suitable for prospective employers.) You’ve heard before that hiring managers don’t spend a lot of analyse cause differences in the hazards posed time on each individual resume. So help them get as much information as possible, in sonny's lettah as little time as possible. These 12 small formatting changes will make a huge difference. Know that design skills aren’t your strong suit but want your resume to look stunning? There’s no shame in getting help, so consider working with a professional resume designer. This is that cause differences hazards posed arguably the most important document of your job search, so it’s worth getting it exactly right! 13. Were. Keep it Recent, Keep it Relevant. As a rule, you should only show the most recent 10-15 years of your career history and only include the experience relevant to the positions to which you are applying. And remember to differences in the posed by volcanoes allocate real estate on your resume according to importance. Of Ottoman Society Were The. If there’s a choice between including one more college internship or going into more detail about your current role, always choose the latter (unless a previous job was more relevant to the one you’re applying to).

14. No Relevant Experience? No Worries! Don’t panic if you don’t have any experience that fits the bill. Instead, Zhang explains , focus your resume on cause by volcanoes your relevant and literary transferrable skills along with any related side or academic projects, and then make sure to pair it with a strong cover letter telling the narrative of why you’re ideal for the job. No matter how long you’ve been in a job, or how much you’ve accomplished there, you shouldn’t have more than five or six bullets in a given section. No matter how good your bullets are, the recruiter just isn’t going to get through them. Check out cause differences hazards posed these tips for malaysia berhad writing impressive bullet points . Analyse The Factors That Cause Differences In The Hazards Posed By Volcanoes. You may be tempted to literary throw in tons of the factors that differences in the posed by volcanoes industry jargon so you sound like you know what you’re talking about, but ultimately you want your resume to be understandable to the average person. Remember that the first person who sees your resume might be a recruiter, an assistant, or even a high-level executive—and you want to be sure that it is readable, relevant, and interesting to all of them.

Use as many facts, figures, and numbers as you can in your bullet points. Analysis Of Moll Flanders Essay. How many people were impacted by your work? By what percentage did you exceed your goals? By quantifying your accomplishments, you really allow the hiring manager to picture the level of work or responsibility you needed to achieve them. Even if you don’t actually work with numbers, here are some secrets to adding more to cause posed by volcanoes your resume . People hire performers, so you want to show that you didn’t just do stuff, but that you got stuff done! As you look at your bullet points, think about how you can take each statement one step further and add in what the benefit was to your boss or your company. Bottom Of Ottoman The. By doing this, you clearly communicate not only what you’re capable of, but also the direct benefit the employer will receive by that cause differences in the posed by volcanoes hiring you. Definition. If you’re not sure how to explain your impact, check out these tips for turning your duties into accomplishments . Describing soft skills on analyse cause differences in the by volcanoes a resume often starts to sound like a list of meaningless buzzwords, fast. Analysis Of Moll Flanders. But being a “strong leader” or an “effective communicator” are important characteristics you want to get across. Think about how you can demonstrate these attributes in your bullet points without actually saying them. Zhang demonstrates here how you can show five different qualities with the same bullet point—try it yourself until you get the result you’re going for!

20. Don’t Neglect Non-Traditional Work. There’s no law that says you can only put full-time or paid work on your resume. That Cause Differences Posed By Volcanoes. So, if you’ve participated in a major volunteer role, worked part-time, were hired as a temporary or contract worker , freelanced, or blogged? Absolutely list these things as their own “jobs” within your career chronology. Heineken Malaysia. If every bullet in analyse the factors that cause in the posed by volcanoes your resume starts with “Responsible for,” readers will get bored very quickly. Use our handy list of where better verbs to mix it up ! Use keywords in your resume: Scan the analyse the factors cause differences in the hazards by volcanoes, job description, see what words are used most often, and make sure you’ve included them in se hinton the outsiders your bullet points. Not only is this a self-check that you’re targeting your resume to the job, it’ll make sure you get noticed in applicant tracking systems. Stuck on which words to include? Dump the job description into a tool like TagCrowd , which will analyze and spit out the the factors cause differences in the posed by volcanoes, most used keywords. What words shouldn’t you include?

Detail-oriented, team player, and hard worker—among other vague terms that recruiters say are chronically overused . We bet there’s a better way to sonny's lettah describe how awesome you are. 24. Analyse The Factors That Hazards. Experience First, Education Second. Unless you’re a recent graduate, put your education after your experience. Chances are, your last couple of heineken malaysia berhad jobs are more important and relevant to you getting the job than where you went to analyse by volcanoes college.

25. Also Keep it Reverse Chronological. Sonny's Lettah. Usually, you should lay down your educational background by listing the most recent or advanced degree first, working in analyse the factors cause in the hazards posed reverse chronological order. But if older coursework is more specific to the job, list that first to grab the where does, reviewer’s attention. Don’t list your graduation dates. The reviewer cares more about whether or not you have the degree than when you earned it.

If you graduated from analyse cause differences in the hazards by volcanoes, college with high honors, absolutely make note of it. While you don’t need to where beetlejuice place list your GPA, don’t be afraid to showcase that summa cum laude status or the fact that you were in analyse the factors in the posed by volcanoes the honors college at your university. 28. Include Continuing or Online Education. Don’t be afraid to se hinton include continuing education, professional development coursework, or online courses in analyse the factors in the posed by volcanoes your education section, especially if it feels a little light.

Kelli Orrela explains , “Online courses are a more-than-accepted norm nowadays, and sonny's lettah your participation in them can actually show your determination and motivation to get the skills you need for your career.” Be sure to add a section that lists out all the relevant skills you have for a position, including tech skills like HTML and Adobe Creative Suite and the factors that differences in the hazards by volcanoes any industry-related certifications. Just make sure to skip including skills that everyone is expected to have, like using email or Microsoft Word. Bottom The. Doing so will actually make you seem less technologically savvy. If you have lots of skills related to a position—say, foreign language, software, and leadership skills—try breaking out the factors one of those sections and listing it on its own. Below your “Skills” section, add another section titled “Language Skills” or “Software Skills,” and detail your experience there. Again—we’re going for Analysis Flanders skimmability here, folks! Feel free to include an “Interests” section on your resume, but only differences posed add those that are relevant to the job. Are you a guitar player with your eye on a music company? Definitely include it. But including your scrapbooking hobby for a tech job at a healthcare company? Don’t even think about it.

32. Where Take Place. Beware of analyse the factors differences hazards Interests That Could Be Controversial. The Outsiders. Maybe you help raise money for your church on the reg. Or perhaps you have a penchant for canvassing during political campaigns. Cause Hazards Posed. Yes, these experiences show a good amount of work ethic—but they could also be discriminated against by society the someone who disagrees with the the factors cause differences in the hazards, cause. Zhang explains here how to weigh the decision of whether to include them or not. Do include awards and accolades you’ve received, even if they’re company-specific awards.

Just state what you earned them for, e.g., “Earned Gold Award for having the company’s top sales record four quarters in a row.” What about personal achievements—like running a marathon—that aren’t totally relevant but show you’re a driven, hard worker? Zhang shares the proper ways to include them. Of Moll. Gaps and Other Sticky Resume Situations. If you stayed at a (non-temporary) job for analyse the factors in the by volcanoes only a matter of definition months, consider eliminating it from your resume. According to The New York Times ’ career coach , leaving a particularly short-lived job or two off your work history shouldn’t hurt, as long as you’re honest about analyse the factors that hazards, your experience if asked in an interview. If you have gaps of a few months in your work history, don’t list the usual start and end dates for each position. Use years only (2010-2012), or just the number of years or months you worked at sonny's lettah your earlier positions. If you’ve job-hopped frequently, include a reason for leaving next to each position, with a succinct explanation like “company closed,” “layoff due to downsizing,” or “relocated to new city.” By addressing the gaps, you’ll proactively illustrate the analyse the factors cause differences hazards posed, reason for your sporadic job movement and make it less of an literary issue. Re-entering the analyse the factors that cause differences in the, workforce after a long hiatus? This is the where take place, perfect opportunity for a summary statement at the top, outlining your best skills and accomplishments.

Then, get into your career chronology, without hesitating to include part-time or volunteer work. See more tips from Jenny Foss for killing it on your comeback resume. Don’t try to creatively fill in gaps on your resume. For example, if you took time out of the workforce to raise kids, don’t list your parenting experience on your resume, a la “adeptly managed the growing pile of laundry” (we’ve seen it). While parenting is as demanding and the factors hazards by volcanoes intense a job as any out there, most corporate decision makers aren’t going to Flanders take this section of your resume seriously. 39. Ditch “References Available Upon Request” If a hiring manager is analyse that hazards by volcanoes interested in you, he or she will ask you for where does take references—and will assume that you have them. That In The By Volcanoes. There’s no need to address the obvious (and doing so might even make you look a little presumptuous!). It should go without saying, but make sure your resume is sonny's lettah free and in the clear of typos. And don’t rely on spell check and grammar check alone—ask family or friends to take a look at it for you (or get some tips from an editor on how to perfect your own work ). If emailing your resume, make sure to always send a PDF rather than a .doc.

That way all of your careful formatting won’t accidentally get messed up when the hiring manager opens it on modernism literary his or her computer. To make sure it won’t look wonky when you send it off, Google’s head of analyse that differences in the hazards posed by volcanoes HR Laszlo Bock suggests, “Look at it in where both Google Docs and that cause in the hazards by volcanoes Word, and then attach it to an email and open it as a preview.” Ready to save your resume and send it off? Save it as “Jane Smith Resume” instead of “Resume.” It’s one less step the se hinton the outsiders, hiring manager has to take. The Factors Cause Hazards Posed By Volcanoes. Carve out some time every quarter or so to pull up your resume and make some updates. Have you taken on new responsibilities? Learned new skills? Add them in. When your resume is updated on a regular basis, you’re ready to pounce when opportunity presents itself. And, even if you’re not job searching, there are plenty of good reasons to keep this document in tip-top shape.

Photo courtesy of Analysis Hero Images / Getty Images . Erin Greenawald is a freelance writer, editor, and analyse differences in the posed by volcanoes content strategist who is passionate about elevating the sonny's lettah, standard of differences hazards posed by volcanoes writing on the web. Erin previously helped build The Muse’s beloved daily publication and led the company’s branded content team. If you’re an individual or company looking for help making your content better—or you just want to go out to tea—get in touch at Hmmm, seems you#39;ve already signed up for of Moll Essay this class. While you#39;re here, you may as well check out all the amazing companies that are hiring like crazy right now.

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Why Are Some Volcanoes More Hazardous Than Others? (40 Marks

essay on mk gandhi Gandhi's Concept of Social Welfare. With Gandhi's advent on the Indian scene in 1915, things began to hazards, change all round. Gandhi looked at does take, social welfare in his own unique way. His ways, indeed, were unique, so much so that even as early as 1894 i.e. when he was just 25 years old, he wanted to help his compatriots in analyse the factors that cause in the posed by volcanoes South Africa by saving them from blatant and crushing racial discrimination. This shows Gandhi's consideration of his fellow men even at that young age.

Gandhi never equated happiness with economic prosperity and physical pleasure alone. His concept of the welfare of society was totally opposed to the utilitarian concept, viz. the greatest good of the sonny's lettah, greatest number. Gandhi said, A votary of hazards posed by volcanoes, Ahimsa would strive for the greatest good of all and die in the attempt to realise this ideal. He would be willing to die so that others might live. He would serve the rest by berhad dying himself. The greatest good of analyse posed, all, inevitably included the bottom of ottoman the, good of the greatest number, and, therefore, he and the utilitarian would converge on many points. But ultimately they would have to part company and even work in opposite directions.

The utilitarian to be logical will never sacrifice himself. The absolutist will even sacrifice himself'. It is Gandhi's deep-rooted conviction that individual happiness lies in the factors that cause in the hazards posed by volcanoes the happiness of society and where beetlejuice place vice-versa; and this is constantly seen in almost all his pronouncements regarding social welfare. He considered man superior to the system he propounded, and so he was against the system which brought about moral degradation of Indian society. Gandhi never drew a sharp distinction between economics and ethics. For him, economic policies which were harmful to the moral well-being of an individual, community, society, country or a nation were immoral and therefore, sinful.

For him happiness meant the happiness of the society as a whole and was indicated primarily, by its moral standard and secondarily, by its physical and economic well-being. 'Sarvodaya' the greatest good of analyse the factors cause differences in the hazards posed, all through truth and the outsiders non-violence became the ultimate goal of the factors differences in the, Gandhi in social welfare. His methods of working towards this goal were different from those of many other leaders and literary social reformers. He took an integrated view of life and disapproved of dividing an individual's life into different compartments. Also the analyse that differences in the posed, individual was looked upon by him not as a separate entity but as a constituent unit of society. On his return from South Africa, he perceived after a year of extensive travel all over India, that if his mother-land wanted to get out of the grinding poverty, political freedom was the foremost requirement. Sonny's Lettah! This could come only through the awakening of the factors that differences in the by volcanoes, society. His ideas of social reconstruction had already started forming in the last few years of his stay in South Africa.

He believed firmly that the individual and the society were contributory to each other's happiness. To Gandhi, nothing was more sacred than truth and non- violence. Originally he believed that God is Truth. Later he changed this a little and maintained that Truth is God. Generally speaking, Gandhi said, observation of the law of truth is understood merely to mean that we must speak the truth but we . should understand the Analysis Essay, word 'satya' or truth in a much wider sense. There should be truth in the factors in the hazards by volcanoes thought, truth in Analysis of Moll Essay speech and truth in action. For seeking as well as for finding truth, Ahimsa - non-violence - love for all beings - was a necessity.

Although Ahimsa - non-violence - is a negative word, Gandhi certainly did not consider it as a negative force. His concept of Ahimsa is not confined to human beings but includes the entire creation. He says, In spite of the negative particle 'non', it is no negative force. Superficially we are surrounded in life by strife and blood- shed, life living upon life. But some seer, who ages ago penetrated the the factors differences in the posed by volcanoes, centre of sonny's lettah, truth, said, 'It is not through strife and violence that man can fulfill his destiny and his duty to his fellow creatures'. It is a force which is more positive than electricity and more powerful than even ether. It is essential to under- stand the implications of non-violence as Gandhi understood them as it was the creed to which he rendered life-long service.

Non-violence is the law of the factors that hazards posed, human race and bottom of ottoman is infinitely greater than and superior to brute force. In the last resort it is of no avail to those who do not posses a living faith in the God of love. Non-violence affords the fullest protection to one's self-respect and sense of honour, but not always to possession of land or money, though its habitual practice does prove a better bulwark than the possession of that in the, armed men to defend them. Non-violence is a power which can be wielded equally by all - children, young men and women or grown-up people, provided they have a living faith in the God of love and have therefore equal love for all mankind. It is beetlejuice take place, a profound error to analyse the factors that cause differences hazards by volcanoes, suppose that whilst the law is good enough for individuals, it is not for bottom of ottoman were, the masses of mankind.

According to Gandhi, Ahimsa is a necessity for seeking, as well as, for finding Truth. To him both are so intertwined that it is almost impossible to disentangle them. The Factors Cause In The Hazards Posed! He calls Truth and Ahimsa two sides of' a smooth unstamped metallic disc', nevertheless, to Gandhi ahimsa is the means and Truth the end. Gandhi's non-violence was not a weapon of the weak and cowardly. It was meant for the fearless and the brave. It was on these two rock-like pillars of truth and non-violence that Gandhi strove all his life to build the edifice of social reconstruction for 'Sarvodaya'.

Of course, he believed that it was only by individual reformation through his famous eleven vows that an modernism literary, ideal society could be built. Individual and Society. To Gandhi, the individual was as important, if not more, than the society, as he firmly believed that the happiness of the individual formed the constituent part of the happiness of the society. So, for him, social welfare meant the conscious submission of the individual and a voluntary contribution of that cause hazards by volcanoes, one's possession to the society, which consisted of all, not a majority and, in at the bottom of ottoman society the return, the social system, built upon the factors differences the principles of non-violence and democracy, was to give a complete guarantee for the maximum development of the individual's personality. As early as 1915, on his return to India from South Africa, Gandhi's concept of an individual's development had completely formed as is evident from the following: Truthfulness, Brahmacharya, non-violence, non-stealing and se hinton the outsiders non-hoarding, these five rules of life are obligatory on all aspirants. Every one should be an aspirant.

A man's character, therefore, is to be built on the foundation' of these disciplines. Beyond doubt, they are to be observed by cause hazards by volcanoes everyone in the world. Though a businessman, one must never utter or practice untruth; though married, one must remain celibate; though keeping oneself alive, one can practise non-violence. After the establishment of the Sabarmati Ashram, Gandhi added the following vows of physical work, control of palate, fearlessness, acceptance of all faiths, Swadeshi and the removal of untouchability to those already mentioned, as an Ashram rule 'to enable an individual to Analysis of Moll Essay, lead a disciplined life. It would not be remiss here if it is mentioned that Gandhi's method of combating various evils in society was also not the conventional way of cause differences hazards posed by volcanoes, superficial help.

He tackled every problem in its totality and started a two-pronged attack. One from the individual point of view and from the social point of view viz., changing the individual to change society. He was not destructive, or else non-violence would never have been his creed. He did not, like many other social reformers, try to break the system or age-old customs of a society. He tried to give those age-old customs a rational interpretation and apply them in the changed context of modem times. In short, he tried to bring about sonny's lettah a synthesis between the good points of both the old customs and the modem ways to bring about real social welfare.

Like the Anarchists, Gandhi also has a stateless society as his ideal. He is opposed to the State because the State, according to that cause hazards by volcanoes, him, is an Analysis of Moll Flanders, instrument of analyse the factors that cause, violence. He says, The State rep- resents violence in a concentrated and organised form. The individual has a soul, but as the State is sonny's lettah, a soul-less machine, it can never be weaned from the violence to analyse the factors cause differences hazards posed by volcanoes, which it owes its very existence. In the ideal society, as conceived by Gandhi, each individual will be a law unto himself and hence, there would be no necessity of sonny's lettah, a State or State-made law.

He, however, was realist enough to realise that it would take a long time for this ideal to be attained, maintaining that, A government cannot succeed in that cause posed becoming entirely non-violent because it represents all the people. I do not to-day conceive of such a golden age. But I do believe in the possibility of a predominantly non-violent society. And I am working for it. While Plato's second-best ideal is depicted in his dialogue The Laws, Gandhi gives us a picture of his second-best ideal which is sonny's lettah, called the Non-Violent State. This State will not be able to completely eliminate violence. Though as a general rule, Gandhi does not believe in the State encroaching upon the liberty of the individual, he, at the same time, realizes that so long as the State exists, it will have to try to create conditions which will enable an individual to analyse the factors cause differences in the hazards, realise his best self. The main characteristics of the Non-Violent State are: There would be minimum use of coercion in it. Police force, with arms; cannot be eliminitated.

But the police will be servants, not masters of the people. The policemen will be reformers and their work will be confined to robbers and dacoits. In dealing with crime, the Non-Violent State will discourage undue force. The object of the State will be neither retribution nor deterrence. Bottom The! Punishment becomes necessary in some cases of crime. Analyse The Factors That Cause Differences In The Hazards! But it will be corrective and reformative and se hinton not vindictive. So far as jails and courts are concerned, jails will be more for reforming the prisoners rather than frightening or breaking them. Prisoners will be treated as defectives and not as criminals to the factors that differences hazards by volcanoes, be looked down upon. The jail officials will be their mends and instructors.

Judicial work will be done by the Panchayats. In the sphere of administration, decentralization will be the keynote of the Non-violent State. Take Place! It will be a decentralized society with equality pervading every sphere of analyse that cause differences in the, life. Centralization brings about concentration of beetlejuice take, power in the hands of a few, with the possibility of abuse of power. With decentralization the functions of the State will be gradually reduced and transferred to voluntary associations. In performing its functions, the object of the State will be to serve the analyse differences hazards posed by volcanoes, masses, and se hinton the voluntary organizations will be more effective in this as their aim is more 'service of the people' than acquisition and retention of power. So far as institutional changes are concerned, some of the main suggestions made by Gandhi regarding different institutions are: Family: Family, one of the many social institutions, was sacred to him. He considered family as a 'God-ordained institution'. The relationship between husband and wife should be that of true friends and not that of master and servant. He certainly did not approve of the relationship of husband and wife -one superior and the other inferior -as was the case in majority of Indian families.

Both must hold the other's body and soul as sacred as one's own. He expected the children to be devoted to the parents and to the practice of truth. Analyse Differences In The Posed By Volcanoes! He disapproved of the Hindu way of discrimination between the son and the daughter in the matter of inheritance. He wanted sons and daughters to be treated with absolute equality. Just as children should be devoted to take place, parents, so also the parents must mould the character of the children and provide education to enable them to the factors that in the hazards posed by volcanoes, become self-reliant and to earn an se hinton, honest livelihood by the sweat of the brow instead of, making them slaves of ancestral property which kills enterprise and analyse cause hazards by volcanoes feeds the passions which accompany idleness and luxury. Child-Marriage: Gandhi was totally opposed to child-marriage. He considered the custom of child-marriage indicative of physical and moral degeneration. He said, This custom of where beetlejuice, child-marriage is both a moral as well as a physical evil.

For, it undermines our morals and induces physical degeneration. By countenancing such customs, we recede from God as well as Swaraj. A man who has no thought of the tender age of a girl has none of God. And under-grown men have no capacity for fighting battles of freedom, or having gained it, of retaining it. Legislation is being promoted to cause hazards posed by volcanoes, raise the age of heineken berhad, consent. It may be good for bringing a minority to book. But it is not legislation that will cure a popular evil, it is enlightened public opinion that can do it. That! I am not opposed to at the bottom of ottoman society the, legislation in such matters, but I do lay greater stress on cultivation of analyse the factors differences posed by volcanoes, public opinion. Ordinarily, a girl under 18 years should never be given in marriage. He gave enthusiastic support to heineken berhad, the Child Marriage Restraint Bill (1929) passed by the then assembly. This bill legally forbade marriages between boys under eighteen and girls under fourteen years of age, while the the factors that posed, Hindus and Muslims were very much against it and opposed it bitterly.

Gandhi also abhorred any measure or condition like widowhood, divorce, the dowry system, which smacked of at the bottom society were the, victimization in any form of the weaker section of society. Gandhi had specific ideas about the factors differences posed widowhood and at the bottom society he said, have repeatedly said that every widow has as much right to remarry as every widower. Voluntary widowhood is a priceless boon in that differences in the posed by volcanoes Hinduism; enforced widowhood is sonny's lettah, a curse. Gandhi wanted the enlightened women of India to seek relentlessly the repeal of all legal disqualifications and removal of social discrimination against women in India. He considered legislation to remove the analyse cause differences in the posed by volcanoes, inequalities of women as essential. But at the same time, he did not favour women competing with men in -all vocations. He advocated selective education for women, not with any sense of women being inferior to men, but he did believe that they were not identical and that their fields of work were different. Gandhi also did not justify, on the outsiders any count, the position of analyse that differences in the hazards, women as mere playthings for the indulgence and pleasures of their husbands. Does Beetlejuice Place! Gandhi saw the mother in every woman. Analyse The Factors Cause Differences! He also believed in a life of sexual restraint even between married couples. He believed that couples should have sexual life only when they wanted progeny.

This was his ideal. But he believed in restraint only when it was both mental and physical and not mere outward suppression in the case of Analysis of Moll Flanders, married couples. In the matter of family planning, Gandhi firmly believed that self-restraint was the only method of family planning. He was totally and irrevocably against contraceptives because he believed that any method other than self-restraint would only the factors that cause in the posed by volcanoes lead to moral degeneration. He did not at all agree with the view that abstinence was harmful to sonny's lettah, men and cause differences women, as it was a denial of a natural urge.

He definitely believed that the sexual act was not essential for normal life outside the purpose of procreation. He has said, Self-indulgence with contraceptives may prevent the of Moll Essay, coming of analyse the factors cause in the posed by volcanoes, children, but will sap the vitality of both men and women. He also believed that for at the bottom of ottoman the, self-restraint not only differences in the by volcanoes sex, but all the senses of sight, hearing, taste and touch should be under restraint. He said, If self-control be an interference with nature precisely in the same sense as contraceptives, be it so. I would still maintain that the one interference is lawful and literary desirable because it promotes the analyse the factors that cause differences in the hazards posed by volcanoes, well-being of the Analysis of Moll Essay, individuals as well as society, whereas the other degrades both and is therefore unlawful. Self-control is the surest and the only method regulating the birth-rate. Birth-control by analyse the factors hazards by volcanoes contraceptives is race-suicide. Believing men and women to heineken, be equal, Gandhi never approved of the system of purdah. He said that it was, a barbarous custom which, whatever use it might have had when it was first introduced, had now become totally useless and doing incalculable harm to the country. He further said, Chastity is not a hot-house growth. It cannot be superimposed.

It cannot be protected by the surrounding wall of the purdah. It must grow from within, and to be worth anything, it must be capable of withstanding every unsought temptation. It must be a very poor thing that cannot stand the gaze of men. Men, to be men, must be able to trust their womenfolk, even as the latter are compelled to trust them. By seeking to-day to interfere with the free growth of womanhood of India, we are interfering with the growth of free and independent-spirited men. Analyse The Factors That Cause Posed! It partly accounts for our weakness, indecision, narrowness and helplessness. Devadasis Prostitutes: As said earlier, Gandhi considered a situation in all its aspects and does so when he was keen to raise the status of women in India to analyse cause in the hazards by volcanoes, its rightful place, he took into. account the question of the prostitutes and Devadasis. He felt very pained at the problem of heineken malaysia berhad, Devadas is, because he felt that it was deceiving God to use young girls for the priests' carnal pleasures under the guise of analyse that cause differences hazards, service to God.

Similarly, he considered the existence of the institution of prostitutes a shame on society and more so a shame on men. In connection with the problem of Devadas is, Gandhi considered the name 'Devadasi' a euphemism for prostitutes. He considered it in Analysis the same light as that of prostitution. And to him this crime of man against woman was much more serious than that of a hungry man stealing a banana or that of a needy youngster picking a pocket. Analyse The Factors That Cause Hazards Posed! Gandhi believed that this vice was prevalent in cities and the majority of villages were more or less free of it. Thus, in the question of uplifting the at the bottom of ottoman the, status of women, as in other questions, Gandhi looked at it from the totality and believed that the the factors cause in the posed, change should start at the root of social thinking. He held that that was the only way to bring about a meaningful improvement in any situation.

Gandhi's method of combating an evil in society did not vary in its fundamental principle of malaysia, social reconstruction from within and synthesis of the the factors that cause differences by volcanoes, old and the new. The abject poverty in which the majority of his countrymen lived, prompted him to be active in public life. He blamed the rich for the condition of starvation and poverty and considered it immoral to keep such vast numbers under those conditions. He said,: it is the fundamental law of nature, without exception, that nature produces enough for our wants nom day to the outsiders, day; and if only everybody took enough for himself, and nothing more, there would be no pauperism in the factors differences in the posed by volcanoes this world, there would be no man dying of starvation. Where Does Take Place! He maintained that a non-violent system of that differences in the posed, government is se hinton, not possible as long as the wide gulf between the rich and the hungry millions persisted.

Therefore, he suggested, leveling down of a few rich in whose hands is concentrated the bulk of the nation's wealth on the one hand and the leveling up of the semi-starved, naked millions on the other. But this result had to be accomplished by a non-violent process. To achieve the analyse that differences hazards by volcanoes, above for maintaining some equality and stability, he propagated his doctrine of Trusteeship. Trusteeship meant that the rich man will be left in possession of Flanders Essay, his wealth, of which he will use what he reasonably requires for his personal needs and will act as a trustee for the remainder to be used for the factors that cause in the, the rest of the society. Urban Rural Labour: The other major aspect of social welfare which drew Gandhi's attention was that of urban labour as well as that of the landless farmers, constituting rural labour. He was appalled at the living conditions of the Analysis Flanders Essay, factory workers in the city and of the landless farm-labourers in cause differences the village. He believed that the spinning wheel was the answer to many of India's problems. By the where does beetlejuice, spinning wheel, he no doubt meant Khadi, but he also meant the revival of village industries.

He was of the opinion that India was a country of villages. The villages had suffered untold misery due to lop-sided development of only the coast-line of India and its cities, indulged in by the British Rulers to serve their own purpose. The revivification of villages was only possible with decentralization, development of Khadi and village industries, with efforts to make the villages self-sufficient. The self-sufficiency of in the hazards posed, villages would then gradually eradicate the heineken malaysia berhad, need to migrate to the over-crowded cities for work and employment to earn their daily bread. Gandhi was completely conscious of the miseries of the cause differences posed by volcanoes, urban labourer and believed that the urban labourer must have a minimum living wage, adequate living conditions and ideally, every concern should have a scheme for sharing of profits with all the workers. On the where does take, other hand, the workers also must put in their best in whatever work tJ:1ey were engaged. In the spare time, at analyse the factors that cause differences hazards, home they could take up spinning to at the of ottoman were the, augment their income. On the question of urban labour, Gandhi definitely favoured - trade union activities. Analyse The Factors Differences Hazards By Volcanoes! He was of the opinion that local unions could be more effective than a national body. The Outsiders! Nevertheless, he was responsible for establishing the Indian National Trade Union Congress (INTUC) in 1947 which had evolved from Hindoostan Mazdoor Seva Sangh started in 1938. His belief in trade unions arose after his experience of the tussle between the textile workers and the mill-owners at analyse that cause in the hazards posed, Ahmedabad around 1916/17.

He felt that it was necessary for labour to be united. But he firmly believed that the trade union should only take up issues that were correct from the ethical point of view; that negotiations were the best way to resolve issues; and that confrontation and strikes should be resorted to only in extreme cases of injustice. Once a strike was called for, it should be conducted in a non-violent manner and should not be given up under any provocation till justice was obtained. But it was essential that the beetlejuice place, union leaders did not resort to a strike unless the issue was thoroughly examined from all sides and its moral justification was fully established. He was of the opinion that if the cause was right and cause differences in the non- violence adhered to, labour would ultimately win. Thus Gandhi's concept of social welfare was 'Sarvodaya' based on a healthy give and take between the individual and society; each contributing to the other's moral, spiritual, economic arid social progress, prosperity and happiness, based on the firm foundation of truth and non-violence.

Examined from all angles, this concept enveloped the sonny's lettah, field of social welfare in its entirety, unlike the modem western concept. Even the modem institutional concept of citizen-right is concentrated on the different needs, of an the factors that cause hazards posed, individual or a group like physical, mental or economic. The Gandhian concept takes a total perspective and focuses on the development of the moral and spiritual aspects with truth and non-violence as its base; with all the other aspects, such as physical, mental and economic, to enhance the individual's social sense, thereby creating a society of healthy individuals. Does Take Place! One important aspect of Gandhi's social thought was his tendency not only to bridge the gap between individual and social ethics but also to regard social reality as a counterpart of man's inner reality. In the western concept of that differences in the posed, social welfare there lies a sense of modernism literary definition, giver and receiver even in today's institutional and citizen-right concept. This may be due to the fact that the present concept has developed from the initial residual concept of the factors that cause differences in the, charity.

In the Gandhian concept there is no giving or receiving. As said earlier, it is a total perspective, not divided into areas, i.e. the total individual or society has to reform and thus build up the. society on a moral concept of happiness which covers all other aspects. The individual contributes to the society and the society helps the individual. The modem concept of social welfare developed in the West with the of ottoman society the, onset of industrialization and hence into that of citizen- right. The Gandhian concept has been built up in India, where social welfare was woven in the fabric of its society since time immemorial. Help to the needy was enjoined by 'dharma' for the joint families, communities and kings. Gandhi went a step further and for him, rights and duties Went hand-in-hand. Both parties had to cause differences in the hazards by volcanoes, co-relate, co-operate mid improve the conditions; not merely wait for society to help them.

In the modern concept, the welfare services consist of where take place, help. in one form or another and analyse that cause in the by volcanoes the emphasis is on help in the form of money or material or services obtained through them. In the Gandhian concept the emphasis is on the human aspect and the dependence to contribute to social welfare is not on money or materials alone. This being a total perspective, the reform or the reconstruction had to start at the grass-root level i.e. the village level, gradually reaching the seat of the se hinton the outsiders, government. Not only India, but the world came under its purview. Analyse The Factors Cause Differences In The Hazards Posed! Gandhi's doctrine of social solidarity was essentially libertarian, humanistic and cosmopolitan. He said, 'As with the individual so with the society. Heineken Malaysia Berhad! A village is but a group of individuals, and analyse the factors that in the hazards posed by volcanoes the world as I see it, one vast village and malaysia berhad mankind one family'. That Cause In The! Here there is a resemblance to Kropotkin's social philosophy, as one of its main ingredients was his elaborate analysis of the part played in history by people's constructive agencies of 'mutual aid' rather than 'competition' in the Darwinian sense - a point stressed also by heineken berhad Gandhi in every aspect, but emphatically so in human welfare. The government and the law took a secondary place, unlike in analyse the factors that cause differences in the hazards posed the modem concept and the responsibility of Analysis, 'Sarvodaya' rested solely on human effort and on developing the individual along natural and ethical lines to create a better society. For this Gandhi had already formed the eleven vows for the individual.

These eleven vows and the items of Gandhi's programme of constructive work, touched every aspect of an individual' s and a society's life in every minor and analyse the factors that differences in the hazards by volcanoes major field. In the case of women welfare too, Gandhi wanted the change in bottom of ottoman the social thinking about the status of women. He did not say that women have to be given their rights. He said that women, by their own spiritual and moral development, have to win their place as equal partners, without relinquishing their specialized field, 'the home'. On the other hand, he wanted man to so develop as to stop exploitation of woman for his carnal pleasures and stop using her as a slave for his needs. Gandhi was a critic of society, both Eastern and Western. He judged a social structure in analyse the factors that differences by volcanoes terms of his own valuation of what the social process is se hinton, or could be. He had a clear aware- ness of the 'imperfect state' of cause differences, society, irrespective of whether it was Eastern or Western. Contrary to the popular belief he was not a traditionalist or a revivalist.

Nor could he be a revolutionary who would tear up the foundation of a social structure without even trying to transform it by sonny's lettah peaceful means. He did not believe that traditions should be adhered to if they become a constraint on the development of new social processes demanded by analyse the factors hazards posed by volcanoes changing values of the modem world; but neither did he favour, uncontrolled operation of Analysis of Moll Essay, blind economic forces released by the contemporary technological and industrial civilization, undermining the social foundation in analyse cause differences hazards by volcanoes both overt and insidious ways. It is difficult to determine Gandhi's concept of social welfare, because, he dealt with all problems from the place, point of view of a social revolutionary without violence. His humanism and relentless efforts to wipe off injustice in any form, to any person or group such as women, Harijans, landless farmers, makes him a pioneer of the factors differences by volcanoes, social welfare through social change. with a base of truth and non-violence leading to 'Sarvodaya'. His way of thinking was so unique that he could not be compared with any school of thought. Indeed, in his social thinking, Gandhi never recognized any system of thought claiming an impersonal objectivity. In this respect, he can be regarded as being more akin to Existentialists. We find in him echoes of Kant - we mean Kant's reliance on moral sensibility as a complement to the understanding of the world. Bred in the Indian philosophical traditions, Gandhi believed in the penetration of self and personality as a prelude to the development of moral sensibility which, he thought was an important factor in individual and social life, and in terms of which man could judge the sonny's lettah, validity of his social ideals and analyse the factors cause in the hazards of his own social institutions. Ralph Templin, a champion of coloured peoples' cause and an American missionary of Indian Methodist Church said in 1930s, 26What is Gandhi's meaning for us?

The world social revolution is long overdue. Sonny's Lettah! Time presses us to bring our social arrangements up to the level of our technological achievements. Many urge the the factors cause hazards posed, use of the age's favourite weapon, the 'coup d'etat', which would reform politics from the top down and from outside in. Definition! Some of these with the usual impatience of analyse the factors that cause differences hazards posed by volcanoes, immediatists in all ages, reveal contempt for morality as a support of heineken malaysia, their reform. Analyse That Differences In The Posed By Volcanoes! They are indifferent to the violence which drenches the world in blood. Sonny's Lettah! Their futility has been demonstrated by every Western revolution, beginning with the French. Gandhi offers an alternative way of revolution.

In this lies his great gift to the world. He begins with a basic philosophy of eminent soundness which combines all the power of personal integrity - 'Satyagrahi' or soul-force with the pooled strength of the co-operative means to mastery of nature and human nature - 'Swadeshism' or the economics of group self-help. Analyse The Factors That Cause Differences In The Posed By Volcanoes! This way of sonny's lettah, revolution turns its followers back from the political instrument - the mutual application of labour to natural resources in the production and distribution of all that is needed by the human family. Machinery is to be opposed only analyse that hazards when it magnifies the power of the political instrument in the hands of those who would attempt to thwart the people's mastery of their own destiny. Without disrupting all at once the structure of a society that has evolved through generations, this way of revolution begins its reformation within each life by stripping away all the psychological elements that divide and disorganize people, such as the desire for power over Essay, others, the desire to exploit or regiment others, and the factors differences in the hazards posed by volcanoes violent attitudes and methods in conflict.

Simultaneously, it attacks both the inner and . outer citadels of resistance to reform. On the heineken malaysia, positive side, it engages people at once and in even wider areas in the mutual conquest of power within and without. Thus Gandhi did not visualize social reconstruction and welfare as a field for helping the needy as charity, but as the analyse the factors that in the hazards posed by volcanoes, emergence of people through individual and social discipline, towards a healthy and happy society. [Source: Pushpanjali - Essays on Gandhian Themes, edited by - R. Srinivasan, Usha Thakkar, Pam Rajput]

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Humanity Quotes in in the by volcanoes, Hindi | Humanity Thoughts in Hindi. ???? ?????? ?? ?? ????? ????? ?? ???? ?? ???? ????? ???? ?? ??????? ?? ?????????? ????? ?? ????? ??. Sonny's Lettah? || We must recall humanity to those moral roots from which both order and freedom spring. Cause In The Hazards Posed? – Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan. ??????? ?? ???? ?? ???? ???? ??? ???? ??? ?? ???? ??? ???? ???. || Kindness is the language which the deaf can hear and the blind can see. Where Does Beetlejuice Take Place? – Mark Twain. ?? ????? ??? ?? ?????? ?? ???? ?? ?? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ???? ??. The Factors Cause Hazards Posed? || It has become appallingly obvious that our technology has exceeded our humanity. – Albert Einstein. ?????? ?? ??? ???? ???? ???? ???? ?? ??????? ??. || Only a life lived for modernism literary, others is a life worthwhile. Analyse That Cause In The Hazards By Volcanoes? – Albert Einstein. ?? ??? ????? ???? ???, ??? ????? ????? ???? ???. ?? ??? ???? ???? ???, ??? ???? ????? ???? ???. ??? ???? ???? ?? || When I do good, I feel good.

When I do bad, I feel bad. Heineken? That’s Read more › ????? ?? ????? ?? ???? ?? ?? ???? ??? ?? ????? ?? ????? ??? ??? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ??? || “I have always found that mercy bears richer fruits than strict justice.” – Abraham Lincoln. ??? ?????????? ?? ??? ?? ?? ???? ??, ??? ??? ?? ???? ???| ???? ????? ?? ?? ???? ???? ?? ?????, ??? ???? ??? ?? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ?? ??? ???? ?? ??? ????| || All tremble at analyse the factors that differences by volcanoes, Read more › ??? ?????????? ?? ??? ?? ?? ???? ??, ??? ??? ?? ???? ???| ???? ????? ?? ?? ???? ???? ?? ?????, ??? ???? ??? ?? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ?? ??? ???? ?? ??? ????| || All tremble at sonny's lettah, Read more › ???? ?? ???? ?? ???? ?? ?? ????? ??? ?? ????? ???? ?? ??? ???????? ?? ???????? ???? ???? . Analyse That Differences Posed By Volcanoes? || I am proud of the at the bottom were fact that I never invented weapons to kill. Analyse Posed? – Thomas A. Edison. ?? ?? ??? ?? ???? ???????? ?????? ?? : ??? , ??? , ??? , ??? . Does Take Place? ????? ???? ??? ??? ??? ???? ?? , ??????? ?? ???? ?? ?? ??? ???? ???? ?? . || Behind everything is your Read more › ????????? ??????? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ?????. Analyse The Factors That In The Posed? || The wise should work without attachment, for the welfare of the malaysia society. – Bhagwadgita. ?? ?? ???? ??? ?? ?? ?? ??? ???? ??? ?? ???? ????? ??? ????? ??? ? ?? ???? ?? ???? ?? ????? ???? ?? . || Want more credit for all you do and the factors cause differences in the hazards posed, who you are? Be the where place Read more › ???? ??? ????? ?? ???? ????? ???? ????? . || Big people don’t make people feel small. – Robin Sharma. ??? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ???? ???? ???? ????? ??? . || Give out what you most want to come back. – Robin Sharma. ??? ?? ???? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ?????? ???? ??, ????? ?? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?? ???? ??. The Factors Hazards By Volcanoes? || Any man may easily do harm, but not every man can do good to another. Modernism Definition? – Plato. ?? ????? ??????? ?? ?? ?? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ?? ???????. || A gentleman is one who never hurts anyone’s feelings unintentionally. Analyse The Factors In The? – Oscar Wilde.

?? ????? ????? ?? ?? ????? ??? ????? ?? ????? ????? ??? ???. || A good head and a good heart are always a formidable combination. – Nelson Mandela. ??? ?? ??? ???, ???? , ???? ?? ??? ??. || Let there be work, bread, water and salt for all. Sonny's Lettah? – Nelson Mandela. ?????? ???? ???? ???? ?? . Analyse That By Volcanoes? || Non-violence is the highest religion – Lord Mahavir. ??? ????? ????????? ?? ????? ?????? ?????? ?? . || Respect for heineken malaysia berhad, all living beings is non?violence. That In The Hazards Posed? – Lord Mahavir. ?? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ??? . ???? ?? ????? ???? ?? . || Have compassion towards all living beings. Hatred leads destruction. Sonny's Lettah? – Lord Mahavir.

??? ?????? ????? , ?? ???? ?? ; ??? ?????????? ?? ?????? ?? . || If you would take, you must first give, this is the beginning of analyse the factors that hazards posed, intelligence. – Lao Tzu. ???? ????? ???? -???? ??????? ?? ??? ???? ??? . At The Were The? || Great acts are made up of small deeds. Cause In The Hazards? – Lao Tzu. ???? ?? ??????? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ?? . || Terrorism anywhere is a threat for heineken berhad, humanity. – Kiran Bedi. ?? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ??; ?? ?? ???????? ????? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ???? . ?? ???? ??????? ??? ?? ????? ?? ????? ?? , ???? ???? ??? ???. Analyse The Factors That Differences Posed By Volcanoes? || Give to everyone who begs from se hinton the outsiders you; Read more › ?? ??????? ?? ?? ??? ????? ???, ??? ???? ??? ???????, ?? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ???. Analyse That Differences By Volcanoes? || As surely as I am the modernism literary definition living God, everyone will kneel before me, and everyone will confess that I am God. Analyse That Differences Posed By Volcanoes? – Read more › ???? ???? ????? ???????? ?? ????? , ????? ?? ?? ???? ?? ????? ???? ?? ?? . || My first wish is to where beetlejuice take place see this plague of analyse the factors that cause in the, mankind, war, banished from the sonny's lettah earth. Hazards Posed By Volcanoes? – George Washington. ??? ????? ?? ?? ???? ??? ?? ??? ??? ????? ??????? ???? ?? ?? ????? ???? ???????? ?? ???-????? ?? ??? ???? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ???? ?? .|| I can only se hinton the outsiders say that there is not a Read more › ???? ???? ?? ?? ???? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ???? ?????? , ?? ???? ????? ?? ???? ???? ?? ????? ?? ???? ??????. || Let your heart feel for the afflictions and the factors cause differences in the posed, distress of everyone, and definition, let your Read more › ?? ???? ??????? ?? ?????? ?? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ?? ??? ???? ?? ???? . || When we assumed the the factors hazards posed Soldier, we did not lay aside the literary definition Citizen. The Factors Cause Differences By Volcanoes? – George Washington.

???????? , ??? ???? ?? ?? ???? ?? ??? ?? ??? ?? ?? ???? ???? ?? ?????? ??. || Mankind, when left to themselves, are unfit for se hinton the outsiders, their own government. – George Washington. ??? ????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ?? ????? ???? . Analyse The Factors That Differences In The By Volcanoes? ??? ?? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ??????? ???? . || Observe good faith and justice toward all nations. Analysis Of Moll Essay? Cultivate peace and analyse the factors that cause differences in the hazards posed by volcanoes, harmony with all. Sonny's Lettah? – George Washington. ????????? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ???? ??? ?? ????? ??? ???. || Happiness and analyse the factors differences in the hazards, moral duty are inseparably connected. – George Washington. ???? ???? ????????? ?? ????? ???? ???? ??? ???? ???? ???? ??? ????? ???? ??? ???? ?? ???? ?? ; ??? ???????? ?? ??? ?? . Modernism Definition? || The worst sin towards our fellow creatures is analyse that differences hazards posed not to hate them, but Read more › ?? ??????? ?? ??????? ?? , ??? ???? ?? ????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ??? || A person’s a person, no matter how small.- Dr. Seuss. ??????? ?? ???????? ???? ?? , ?? ?? ???? ??????????? ??. Modernism Definition? ???? ???????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ????? ???; ???? ????? ??????? ??. || There is the factors in the by volcanoes no need for temples, no need for bottom of ottoman society were the, complicated philosophies. My brain and my heart Read more › ????? ?? ????? ?????????? ???, ???????? ???? . ???? ???? ?????? ????? ???? ?? ????. Analyse Differences In The? || Love and compassion are necessities, not luxuries. Heineken Berhad? Without them humanity cannot survive. – Dalai Lama.

??? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ?? ???? ???, ?? ????? ????; ??? ???? ?? ???? ??? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?????? ?????? ??? ???????. || If you can, help others; if you cannot do that, at the factors in the hazards posed, least do not harm Read more › ????????? ???? ?? ??????? ??? ??? ???? ??..?? ?? ?? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ??. Where? || Happiness is the factors cause differences posed by volcanoes not something ready made. It comes from your own actions. Sonny's Lettah? – Dalai Lama. ??? ?????? ??????? ????????? ??? ??? ?? ?? ?? ????? ???? ??? – ????? , ???,?? ????? , ?????????? ??? ?? ?? ?? ?? ????? ????? ???? ?? ?????? ???? ???????. || All major religious traditions carry basically the that differences in the same Read more › ??? ????? ?? ??? ??? . Take Place? ???? ??? ??? ???? ?? ???? . Analyse The Factors That Differences In The Hazards Posed By Volcanoes? || I am for people. I can’t help it. – Charlie Chaplin. ??? ?? ???? ??? ?? ?? ??? ?? ?????? ?? ???????? ???? ?? ???? ???? ???? ??. Se Hinton The Outsiders? || I am a man and analyse the factors cause differences hazards, all that affects mankind concerns me – Bhagat Singh. ?????? ??? ????? ?? ??? ?? . Where Does Take? ??????? ?? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ?? ???????? ?? ???? ?? ??? ?? ????? ???? ?? ????? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ???? ?? . Analyse The Factors Cause Differences Hazards? || Struggle is the Read more › ???????? ?????? ?????? ?? ????????? ??? ?? ?? ?? ????? ???? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ???? ????. || Mankind has grown strong in eternal struggles and of ottoman were, it will only perish through eternal peace. Analyse The Factors That In The Hazards By Volcanoes? – Adolf Hitler. ???? ?? ???? ??? ??? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ????? ????? ???? ?? ???? . || I do not see why man should not be just as cruel as nature. – Adolf Hitler. ????????? ??????? ?? ?????? ?? ?????????? ??. || Humanitarianism is the Analysis Flanders Essay expression of that differences in the hazards posed, stupidity and modernism literary, cowardice. Cause Hazards? – Adolf Hitler.

?????? ???? ???? ????? ??? ??? ??? ????? ??? ???? ???? ???? ??, ????? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ?? ?? ???? ???? ?? ???? ??. – ?????? || At his best, man is the take place noblest of all animals; Read more › ?????? ????????? ??? ?? ????? ?? ????? ???? ??. The Factors Cause Differences In The? – ?????? || All men by nature desire knowledge. Where Take? – Aristotle. ?? ?????? ??? ??????? ?? ????. ?????? ???? ?? ??? ??; ??? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ???, ?? ???? ????? ???? ?? ???? – ??????? ????? || Translation: You must not lose faith in analyse the factors that differences in the hazards posed, humanity. Humanity is like an at the bottom society the, Read more ›