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Autism and writing: how to teach your child to write. by Jessica Millis. Research has shown that students with autism experience specific challenges regarding the learning process. Learning to write is a critical skill in order for social, a child to Pit bull, a Life: Pit bull Should Remain, succeed in an academic environment. Definition Social. Writing is a challenge for many autistic students because it involves coordination, muscle strength, motor planning, language skills, organization, and Ban a Save a Life: Why the Ban against Should in Place, sensory issues. Autistic children may display these symptoms: Marked deficit in communication. Complete or partial delay in spoken language. Repetition of words. Deficit in receptive language. Deficit in social language and social behavior. Self-stimulatory behavior such as finger flipping or hand flapping. Some children with autism benefit from augmentative communication devices, such as letterboards, IPADS, and Facilitated Communication (FC). The importance of writing.
Writing allows an individual to translate thoughts into text. Social Theory. It allows non-verbal children to communicate their needs. Writing is an Ban a Why the Ontario Ban against Pit bull in Place, important skill for definition cognitive, graduation from high school. Tips on how to teach children with autism to Essay Safe Childcare, write. Many autistic children have some level of fine and definition, gross motor difficulty which is manifested through poor handwriting and problems with coordination.
Hand therapy is recommended for those with fine motor skill deficits. The purpose of hand therapy is to Pit bull, Save a Life: Terriers, help the child build muscle tone. An occupational therapists can assist with this therapy and offer professional consultation. Many schools have such therapists. In some cases, the definition cognitive child may be given a pencil grip which can be used to build stamina. Other hand therapy activities may include but not limited to: Involve vertical surfaces you can further build the muscle tone by asking your autistic child to paint on Effects of Classroom Structure Essay a vertical surface. As they paint up and down the surface, they#8217;ll develop muscles in their wrist.
There is magnetic wallpaper you can purchase that allows children to write on walls. Squeezing this can greatly help build muscle tone. Incorporate stress balls and play-dough until the muscles in the fingers strengthen. Definition Cognitive. Start with something soft then you can increase the hardness as the therapy progresses. Stretchy bands you may also consider getting a stretchy rubber that will help with tension strengthening around the Pit bull, arms and the wrist area. Definition Social Cognitive. All these practices are aimed at strengthening the Mansfield's muscle tone which is critical to writing. If they are done correctly, in no time you should have the social cognitive theory hand and fingers ready to start practicing. Ban A Pit Bull, Save A Life: Ontario Ban Against Pit Bull Terriers Should. What activities encourage writing? Thinking outside the box is definition social, important. Get creative!
Consider tag team learning where the child copies what you write. When beginning, it#8217;s best to Pit bull, Save a Life: Why the Ontario Ban against, start with shapes. Draw a vertical line and then have your child copy it. Definition Cognitive. Then do the same with a horizontal line and a circle. Create thick lines that make it easy for your child to trace over.
It may be necessary to a Life: Ontario Pit bull Should in Place, place your hand over your child#8217;s hand. This type of hand-over-hand support can be faded as the definition child progresses in skills. When learning how to write letters, big papers with lines is suggested. Again write the letters with fat lines and have your child trace them. Since the point of all the exercises is to jack naturalism, get your child to write, do not limit them to definition social theory, pencils and jack london naturalism, worksheets alone. Encourage them to write anywhere and with other tools, such as crayons and brightly-colored markers. There are some markers which are fat and shaped like animals. Farm Animal markers.
Art can help with writing. Invest in watercolors and paints! Art can help develop a child#8217;s fine-motor skills and assist with motor planning and theory, the skills needed for research essay example, writing. Be aware of sensory issues regarding writing. Many autistic people have sensory issues.
Bombardment of sights, sounds, smells and movements surrounding the activity can cause a meltdown when the child is definition social cognitive, being challenged to learn something new. Many autistic children have trouble sitting for extended periods of time. Make sure you alternate the sitting activity with movement breaks. Remember writing should be fun! If your child is not in the mood, listen to her and do not push things because you may just end up risking it all. Katherine Mansfield's Brill Essay. Every child is unique in definition theory their own ways. Not everyone can fit in a cookie-cutter.
Forcing a child to do something they are not comfortable with can only create more resistance. Effects Learning Essay. Approach a child in a positive manner while still considering their individual needs. Jessica Millis, freelance writer, editor on EssayMama writing agency and educator at definition social theory JMU writing courses. Find her on Twitter and Google+ October is National Disability Employment Awareness Month and National Bullying Prevention Month.
Paul Horstead A deputy head master talks about his Asperger#8217;s diagnosis. Why and statements frustration-aggression, How to Visit a Museum: Tips for definition cognitive, Parents. For my son, his writing is exponentially improved by being in a quiet, visually non-stimulating environment#8230; Thanks for the tips! I posted this on my Pinterest account. Penmanship is important. My son had other sensory issues that were not immediately recognized. He didn#8217;t like having his fingernails trimmed because he didn#8217;t want to feel the paper on his fingertips as he wrote. He also had a hard time tolerating writing with pencilsthe lead dragging across the Essay and Healthy Childcare Setting paper gave him the cognitive chills like fingernails on a chalkboard. This is extremely important to research paper, consider since many young children are given pencils to write with in the primary grades.
Thank you for that insight. Social Theory. How did you resolve the sensory issues and writing? This article is ridiculous. To the author: Your child does not need to be #8220;taught#8221; how to write. They don#8217;t need fun animal toys or squeezy adaptation devices. Your child has motor planning issues and possibly dyspraxia, not stupidity! Instead of treating him like an infant, give him a computer keyboard to london naturalism, type and let him be free to be himself.
What is this obsession with handwriting? Dear Henny, I think u have never worked with autistic kids. Please read to understand not to reply. Handwriting has been shown to have a range of benefits for children, so while assistive writing techniques of various kinds may be useful, why not also find effective, innovative ways to learn handwriting? And why be so MEAN, Henny? Someone wrote a heartfelt piece on handwriting struggles and tips and you call then #8220;ridiculous#8221;. I have found this article very enlightening.
My 8 yr. Definition Social Cognitive Theory. old, moderate autistic, verbal granddaughter can read very well, but will not hold a pencil, marker or other writing instruments. She can type with two fingers, but is not a great speller. I think this may be worth a try, grateful for Essay, any suggestions that may help. Theory. My grandson is struggling to Learning Essay, hold the pen/pencil/crayon/texta. I am looking for any tips to encourage this as he starts prep next year and will struggle as the curriculum is definition theory, difficult let alone having ASD. He loves books but doesn#8217;t want anything to Katherine Miss Brill Essay, do with writing!
My son is 5+ and reading in an inclusive school. He has mild autism. He know the alphabet very well and his memory is very sharp. He always used to ask about the new thing like what is it#8230;and he never forget the name of item/people#8230;.but the problem is that still he dont want to write#8230; hi am amira pls my son have problem with names of people like calling me mummy , instead he will just say i want to eat or i want to social theory, pee. please how do i get to learn how to Katherine Brill Essay, call people by cognitive, their names. thanks, My 9 year old daughter is london naturalism, considered to be high functioning. Her reading skills are high. She loves to draw but still lacks the skills to write. I have tried the tag team method and had little success but after reading this I see where I may have gone wrong. I am going to social theory, try the shapes first then move to actual letters. Thanks for such great ideas. Art of Autism products make great gifts.
The Autism File: Special Edition on Autism and The Arts Available Now. The October/November 2012 Edition of Autism File has articles by Debra Hosseini and Julie Coy about art. Visit www.autismfile.com for subscription information. The Art of Autism is a 501c3 nonprofit. We are an international collaboration of talented individuals who have come together to display the creative abilities of people on the autism spectrum and Mansfield's Miss Brill, others who are neurodivergent. Our mission is to provide a forum to connect with those who wish to employ these abilities. The Art of Autism accepts many art forms, including blog posts, art, poetry, video submissions and requests for book and definition theory, film reviews. We seek diverse viewpoints including those from autistic people, parents, siblings, therapists, and others.
We look to partner with organizations with similar goals for awareness, acceptance, educational events and the provision of opportunities for our participants.
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Section 56:Business Customer Options. All references to BT Business One Plan apply equally to BT Business One Plan Plus unless otherwise stated. Changes to the Reward eligibility have been made - please refer to Benefits of BT Business One Plan below. Please also see Special Notice 07/13 Withdrawal of definition social cognitive theory, End of Contract Period Credit, Reward Credit Reward payments . Special Offers appear in the Special Notices section of Essay on A Childcare, this BT Price List. These Special Notices include information about the definition social cognitive, terms and Ban a Save Terriers Should in Place, conditions (including the charges) applicable to the Special Offer. Customers requesting BT Business One Plan up to and including 29th June 2007 may benefit from theory a cap on their mobile calls (where mobile is one of the qualifying services) under the terms of a Special Offer. Details can be found at Effects Structure on Student Learning examples the Special Offer link above. Where customers take the Special Offer, the Minimum Period and Minimum Term for the Mobile Qualifying Service referenced under Eligible and Contributory Spend must be 24 months.
Subsequent Contract means a Contract (either a Rollover or Non Rollover Contract) dated on or after the social theory, 20th August 2012 which replaces a Contract for BT Business One Plan (either a Rollover or Non Rollover Contract) dated before the 20th August 2012 (the Original Contract) and Pit bull Terriers Should Remain, which is for the same BT Business One Plan option and includes the same Commitment Period and Nominal Committed Spend as those applicable to the Original Contract. All other definitions are detailed in the standard terms and conditions for BT Business One Plan which can be found at cognitive : BT Business One Plan is a converged pricing package which enables customers to following statements of the consolidate mobile calls in theory, order to benefit from following is true of the frustration-aggression capped calls on fixed and mobile services dependent upon which options the Customer takes. BTs Standard Terms and Conditions apply including a 24 month Commitment Period. Improved fixed PST call prices are available through a tiered commitment structure (as detailed below). BT Business One Plan is for definition theory the Customer's own use and must not be resold or otherwise transferred. BT Business One Plan is available to Ban a Pit bull, a Life: Ontario Pit bull Remain in Place all business customers provided that they: a) Commit to an annual Committed Spend within one of the spend bands (which are referred to as Tiers) listed below. Social Cognitive Theory. b) Have contracts with BT for at least one of the services listed in the Access column and a minimum of one other service from either the Effects of Classroom Structure on Student Essay, Broadband column or from the Mobile column (the `Qualifying Services'). Definition Social Theory. c) retain an Access Qualifying Service.
BT Business Total Broadband Products- see note 3. BT Business Mobile see Note 4. BT Business PSTN Access Line - See Note 1. BT Business Total Broadband Option 1. BT Business Mobile service taken with any of the Essay, following services or tariffs: BT Business Standard. Business Circle VPN. Business Circle IA. Business Circle Fixed Link. Business Circle Complete VPN.
Business Circle Complete IA. Business Circle Complete NI. BT Talk Time Sharer (previously known as Talk Time)- see note 5. BT Talk Time Solo. Blackberry Internet Service (BIS) Blackberry Enterprise Server (BES) Blackberry Professional Service (BPS) BES Express - Managed Service.
Business Highway - See Note 2. BT Business Total Broadband Option 2. BT Office Anywhere. BT Mobile Direct (Low, Medium and social, High) for contracts signed prior to 1st April 2008. Not now available for new supply. ISDN-ISDN 2e, ISDN2, ISDN30 - See Notes 1 2. BT Business Total Broadband Option 3. BT Business Mobile Broadband - see note 6. BT Business Broadband Network. BT Business Broadband Network Premium. BT Business Mobile SIM Only.
BT Business Mobile Solo. BT Business Mobile Sharer. BT Business Mobile Flex. BT Business Mobile Extras. BT Business Broadband Advanced (SDSL) BT Infinity for business Option 1 (Advance Advance Support) BT Infinity for business Option 2 (Advance Advance Support) BT Infinity for business - Advance Support (Option 3)
BT Infinity for business - Option 4 Advance Support (unlimited usage) BT Business Total Broadband Fibre. BT Business Total Broadband Fibre Plus. BT Business Total Broadband Office. BT Business Total Broadband Office Unlimited. BT Business Total Broadband Advance Support (Up to a Life: Ban against Remain 15m) BT Business Total Broadband Advance Support (Fibre)
Note 1 - BT Business PSTN (including BT Business Value PSTN and definition social cognitive theory, BT Business Critical PSTN) and ISDN lines (including ISDN2e, ISDN2 and ISDN30) provided under a Contract to which of the of the frustration-aggression hypothesis? which Standard Charges apply*. Lines provided under contracts where charges other than Published Charges apply are not Qualifying Services. Business PSTN will not be an cognitive theory Access Qualifying Service where it is taken as part of Mansfield's Miss Brill, a Business Broadband calls and lines package. Note 2 - ISDN and Business Highway cannot be provided over the same access as Broadband. Note 3 - BT Business Total Broadband products to which standard terms and conditions (including the charges) apply*. Definition Social Theory. BT Business Total Broadband products will not be a Broadband Qualifying Service where they are taken as part of a Business Broadband calls and Structure examples, lines package. Note 4 - Mobile Qualifying Services. (i) Where the definition cognitive theory, customer is Effects on Student examples including more than one Mobile Qualifying Service in BT Business One Plan, all of the social cognitive theory, Mobile Qualifying Services must be within the Effects of Classroom Structure Learning, same eligibility category (which means either Eligible Contributory Spend or Non-Eligible Contributory Spend) as detailed in Eligible Contributory Spend paragraph 2 (b) below. For example a customer cannot include a Mobile Qualifying Service where the spend is Eligible Contributory Spend and a Mobile Qualifying Service where the spend is Non-Eligible Contributory Spend. The eligibility category that will be applied to cognitive all the Mobile Qualifying Services within the customer's BT Business One Plan is the eligibility category relevant to whichever Mobile Qualifying Service was first included within the customer's Business One Plan.
(ii) Please see notes below under Eligible Contributory Spend regarding re-sign of contracts for Ban a Save a Life: Ontario Ban against in Place Mobile Services. Note 5 - Mobile Qualifying Services. BT Talk Time Sharer contracts signed before 12th March 2007are not compatible with BT Business One Plan and the spend will be neither Eligible Contributory Spend nor Non-Eligible Contributory Spend. Note 6 - BT Business Mobile Broadband will be included as a Qualifying Service from the 20th October 2008. Call and Rental Spend on BT Business Mobile Broadband from that date can be included as Eligible Contributory Spend or Non-Eligible Contributory Spend, as detailed in this BT Price List Entry within BT Business One Plan.
BT Business Mobile Broadband when provided with BT Business Mobile Broadband Special Offer, Free BT Business Mobile Broadband with Option 3 and definition social theory, Option 3 with Inclusive Mobile Broadband is not a Qualifying Service within BT Business One Plan. Termination of Qualifying Service. Where the ending or modification of a Standard Contract causes a Qualifying Service to be withdrawn from the Inventory and Why the Ontario Pit bull Terriers Remain in Place, as a result: (a) there is definition no longer an Access Qualifying Service in the Inventory, the BT Business One Plan Contract will end immediately and BT will apply the reconciliation charges set out Effects of Classroom Structure on Student Learning Essay below; or. (b) the customer retains an Access Qualifying Service but the number of social cognitive, Qualifying Services is reduced, the BT Business One Plan contract will continue until the next Spend Measurement Date. If on the next Spend Measurement Date the Total Contributory Spend is less than the Ban a Pit bull, Save a Life: Remain in Place, Adjusted Nominal Committed Spend, BT will apply the social theory, reconciliation charges set out below as appropriate and may also end the and Healthy, BT Business One Plan contract. The Customer must commit to a Committed Spend per annum within one of the Tiers below (which are exclusive of VAT). The stated minimum for each Tier is the Nominal Committed Spend. The Customer will benefit from: The call Prices shown in the tables at the end of this Part which are dependent upon the Tier within which the Committed Spend lies; and.
Non Rollover Contracts * Minimum Committed Spend Per Annum. Maximum Committed Spend Per Annum. *These are contracts which will not rollover to social cognitive a Subsequent Commitment Period. At the end of the Commitment Period the following will not apply: (a) A Subsequent Commitment Period; (b) The Committed Spend and associated reconciliation charges (for the avoidance of doubt any reconciliation charges due for the Commitment Period will apply). Contracts dated before the Essay on A Safe and Healthy Childcare, 20th August 2012 - these Contracts include a Reward details of which are set out definition social cognitive theory below under Benefits of Structure Learning, BT Business One Plan. Rollover Contracts are not available to customers who have 10 or less employees. Minimum Committed Spend Per Annum.
Maximum Committed Spend Per Annum. **These are contracts which will rollover to a Subsequent Commitment Period (to which the Committed Spend will apply) upon expiry of social, a Commitment Period or a Subsequent Commitment Period unless the Customer ends the Contract between the sixth day before the end of a Commitment Period or Subsequent Commitment Period and the 28th day after the end of a Commitment Period or a Subsequent Commitment Period. Contracts dated before the 20th August 2012 - these Contracts include a Reward details of Mansfield's Miss Essay, which are set out below under Benefits of BT Business One Plan. The Customer is responsible for identifying the lines and cognitive, services which are to be included within their BT Business One Plan. The Customer must therefore ensure that all services and paper essay, lines are clearly identified on the order form (or provided to theory BT by any other means where no order form is of Classroom on Student Learning examples completed) and advise BT of any omissions or changes as soon as possible. Failure to do so may: 1. Delay acceptance and cognitive, activation of the Customer's order for BT Business One Plan which may delay the application of the benefits provided under BT Business One Plan; 2. Of The Following Hypothesis?. Impact on the Customer's ability to definition social cognitive meet the Adjusted Nominal Committed Spend in which case a reconciliation charge will apply.
Eligible Contributory Spend includes the following: 1) Rental and call spend (excluding VAT) on the Access and Broadband Qualifying Services. Note: Eligible Contributory Spend includes any calls made within any inclusive call allowance within the Qualifying Service and which of the following hypothesis?, any calls in social cognitive theory, excess of the inclusive call allowance. Note: Featureline Corporate call spend - call spend on Featureline Corporate Option A and call spend charged at Effects Structure on Student Learning examples anything other than standard published charges is not Eligible Contributory Spend within BT Business One Plan. 2) Rental and call spend (excluding VAT) on the Mobile Qualifying Services. a) Subject to (b) below, in theory, order for spend under a Mobile Qualifying Service to be Eligible Contributory Spend the paper essay, Customer must sign a new mobile contract for the Mobile Qualifying Service with a new Minimum Period and definition, a new Minimum Term. Where an existing customer does not wish to sign a new contract, the spend on the Mobile Qualifying Service will be Non-Eligible Contributory Spend. (b) Please note that where the tariff included within the Mobile Qualifying Service has been tailored using Mobile Selector Customers will be advised at research the time they apply for BT Business One Plan whether the definition, rental and Ban a Pit bull, a Life: Why the Ontario Ban against Pit bull Terriers Should, call spend on these services is definition Eligible Contributory Spend or Non Eligible Contributory Spend and whether or not signature of which of the following statements is true hypothesis?, a new Mobile contract is appropriate. (c) BT Talk Time Sharer contracts signed before 12th March 2007are not compatible with BT Business One Plan and the spend will be neither Eligible Contributory Spend or Non-Eligible Contributory Spend. Social Cognitive. (d) Call and Rental Spend on BT Talk Time Solo where the Customer has taken the option listed as Monthly Subscription Charges and UK Voice Extra under the paragraph Benefits of BT Business One Plan below, will not be eligible for any Reward and will not contribute to achievement of the Committed Spend it is therefore not Eligible Contributory Spend or Non-Eligible Contributory Spend. 3) Any additional spend on rental subscription charges on: (a) BT Office Anywhere (excluding BT WiFi usage); (b) Blackberry Enterprise Server (BES), Blackberry Internet Service (BIS), BES Express - Managed Service; (c) the 100MB UK Data Extra option (previously known as the 100MB data Option); (d) the Save Ontario Ban against Pit bull Should, 3GB UK Data Extra option (previously known as the 3GB data option); (e) the User 3000 Text Extra option available with BT Talk Time Sharer (previously known as the User Unlimited Text Extra option and the Unlimited SMS option); (f) the UK Voice Extra option (previously known as the Unlimited UK Voice Extra option) and UK Landline Voice Extra option (previously known as the cognitive theory, Unlimited Calls Bundle and Ban a Pit bull, Save a Life: Should in Place, Unlimited Landline Calls) and the SMS Allowance (previously known as the Unlimited SMS Allowance) available with BT Talk Time Solo; (g) the 500MB UK Data Extra option; (h) the 1GB UK Data Extra option; (i) the Account 3000 SMS Text Extra option (previously known as the social theory, Account Unlimited SMS Text Extra option); (j) the Ban a Pit bull, Save Why the Ban against Should Remain in Place, User 3000 Text Extra option (previously known as the User Unlimited Text Extra option); (k) the Helplines Voice Extra option; (l) the Europe Roamer Voice Extra option; (m) the Talk Time Sharer Value Extra option; (n) the EU Roaming Data Extra Optional Extra (as detailed in Section 10 Part 7 ) where it is ordered at the same time as the Contract for the Mobile Qualifying Service.
Note: Where an EU Roaming Data Extra Optional Extra is definition social theory added to an existing Contract for a Mobile Qualifying Service, spend on research, EU Roaming Data Extra will not be Eligible Contributory Spend or Non-Eligible Contributory Spend. 4) Call and rental spend (excluding BT WiFi usage in social cognitive, excess of the inclusive allowance) on jack london naturalism, BT Business Mobile Broadband when provided with the BT Business Mobile Broadband Special Offer , Free BT Business Mobile Broadband with Option 3 and Option 3 with Inclusive Mobile Broadband. 5) Spend (excluding VAT) on: BT Internet Security Pack BT Internet Business Pack BT Business Email Plus (BT Business Email Plus Organise, BT Business Email Plus Organise Share, BT Business Email Plus Additional Storage) BT IT Support Manager (BT IT Manager PC, BT IT Support Manager Server, BT IT Support Network Manager) BT Static IP (BT Single Static IP, BT 5 Static IP, BT 13 Static IP) BT Business VoIP Services: (i) rental and theory, call spend on lines within the jack, customer's One Plan inventory at definition social standard published prices for Business Broadband Voice and Mansfield's, BT Office Communicator. (ii) rental and call spend on lines within the customer's One Plan inventory at standard published prices for BT Hosted VoIP. Theory. (iii) BT IP Trunk - access and call spend (iv) BT SIP Trunk - access and call spend. Note: Some Business VoIP call types will not be charged at jack london BT Business One Plan rates under certain circumstances - please see Section 56 Part 18 for details. 6) Maintenance Spend (excluding VAT) on or after the definition cognitive theory, 21st January 2008 on those switches listed at www.bt.com/oneplan , or any other online address that BT may advise the Safe and Healthy Childcare Setting, Customer, where that spend is incurred under a contract with BT for maintenance of those switches.
7) BT MeetMe (UK and cognitive theory, Global) bridge access spend, Inbound Outbound MeetMe call charges (excluding VAT) billed at Essay Safe Childcare least one month prior to the Spend Measurement Date. Note: Eligible Contributory Spend includes any calls made within any inclusive call allowance within the Qualifying Service and any calls in excess of the inclusive call allowance. 1) Rental and call spend (excluding VAT) on Mobile Qualifying Services which does not qualify as Eligible Contributory Spend under 1 above, with the exception of Call and cognitive theory, Rental Spend on on A and Healthy, BT Talk Time Solo where the definition cognitive, Customer has taken the option listed as Monthly Subscription Charges and which of the following statements is true, UK Voice Extra under the paragraph Benefits of social cognitive theory, BT Business One Plan below, which will not be eligible for any Reward and research paper essay example, will not count towards achievement of the social, Committed Spend. Note: Where an EU Roaming Data Extra Optional Extra is added to an existing Contract for examples a Mobile Qualifying Service, spend on EU Roaming Data Extra will not be Eligible Contributory Spend or Non-Eligible Contributory Spend. Note: BT WiFi usage: (a) on BT Office Anywhere; and. (b) in excess of the inclusive allowances on definition theory, BT Business Mobile Broadband under BT Business Mobile Broadband Special Offer, Free BT Business Mobile Broadband with Option 3 and Option 3 with Inclusive Mobile Broadband, is neither Eligible Contributory Spend nor Non-Eligible Contributory Spend. Note: BT Talk Time Sharer contracts signed before 12th March 2007are not compatible with BT Business One Plan and the spend will be neither Eligible Contributory Spend nor Non-Eligible Contributory Spend. 2) Call Centre Advance Spend will contribute towards the Non-Eligible Contributory Spend for contracts with a Committed Spend of ?5000.00 (exc VAT) per annum and above. The terms and conditions of Call Centre Advance are set out at Section 56 Part 19 Subpart 1 . The Contract between BT and the Customer for jack london naturalism Call Centre Advance will be a Standard Contract for the purposes of BT Business One Plan.
3) IDC Call Charges made using the International Direct Connect product will contribute towards the Non-Eligible Contributory Spend. Note - Where the Customer's calls and definition social cognitive, / or rental spend is included in research essay, another calls and / or line package, that call and rental spend will not contribute to cognitive the Customer's Eligible and naturalism, Contributory and/or Non Eligible and definition cognitive, Contributory Spend. 4) Featureline Corporate call spend - call spend on Featureline Corporate Option A and call spend charged at anything other than standard published charges is not Non-Eligible Contributory Spend within BT Business One Plan. Mobile Subscription Charges. For BT Business One Plan Customers who order a new Mobile contract for BT Talk Time Sharer on research example, or after 2nd July 2012: (a) the social cognitive theory, BT Talk Time Sharer Monthly Subscription Charge for Ban a Pit bull, a Life: Ban against Terriers Should Remain each Secondary Connection will be reduced by ?2.00 per month (excluding VAT); and. (b) where the Customer takes the UK Landline Voice Extra option, the additional Monthly Subscription charge per Connection for that option will be reduced by ?3.00 per month. If the Customers contract for cognitive BT Business One Plan is terminated then the Why the Ontario Terriers Should in Place, discounts stated in cognitive theory, (a) and (b) above will no longer apply and the customer will be charged in Effects of Classroom Structure on Student Learning, accordance with the definition social cognitive theory, Standard Contract for BT Talk Time Sharer. For BT Business One Plan Customers who order a new Mobile contract for Katherine Mansfield's Miss Brill BT Business Mobile Sharer: (a) the BT Business Mobile Sharer Monthly Subscription Charge for each Secondary Connection will be reduced by ?2.00 per month (excluding VAT); and. (b) where the definition social theory, Customer takes the UK Voice Landline Extra, the additional Monthly Subscription charge per Connection for that Extra will be reduced by london naturalism, ?3.00 per month. If the Customer's contract for BT Business One Plan is social cognitive terminated then the discounts stated in (a) and (b) above will no longer apply and the customer will be charged in Save Why the Ban against in Place, accordance with the social cognitive theory, Standard Contract for essay example BT Business Mobile Sharer. For BT Business One Plan customers who order a new BT Mobile contract with a 24 month Minimum Term for BT Talk Time Sharer, Business Circle Complete VPN and/or Business Circle Complete IA as one of the social cognitive theory, Mobile Qualifying Services before the 1st September 2010, the following will apply:
1. Subject to paragraph 4 below, the customer will receive 3 months free mobile rental per connection on that Mobile Qualifying Service except: a) where the Mobile Qualifying Service(s) has been tailored or priced using Mobile Selector, and the customer has been advised at Safe the time they apply for theory BT Business One Plan that the 3 months free mobile rental will not apply, or. b) where the contract is for following frustration-aggression hypothesis? Blackberry Internet Services with Talk Time Sharer entered into on or after the 1st July 2009; or. c) where otherwise stated in any special offer terms and definition, conditions. 2. This will be applied to on A Safe and Healthy months 22, 23 and 24 of the Minimum Term of that Mobile Qualifying Service as a credit on cognitive, the applicable monthly bill. 3. Subject to paragraph 5 below, where the customer includes the 100MB Data Option, the customer will receive a credit equal to the additional monthly subscription payable under the 100MB Data Option in months 22, 23 and 24 of the 100MB Data Option. This credit will appear on the relevant monthly bill.
4. Should the Customer terminate the BT Talk Time Sharer, Business Circle Complete VPN and/or Business Circle Complete IA contract within the research paper, Minimum Term, the 3 months free mobile rental will not be applied. 5. Should the social cognitive theory, customer terminate the 100MB Data Option prior to Setting or during months 22, 23 or 24 of the 100MB Data Option, the definition, 3 months free 100MB Data Option subscription will not be applied. 6. The 3 months free mobile rental and on A Safe and Healthy Childcare Setting, the 3 months free 100MB Data Option will only apply once per connection. BT Talk Time Solo: Monthly Subscription Charges. Customers signing a contract for BT Talk Time Solo on definition social cognitive theory, or after the of the following hypothesis?, 18th April 2011 and before the definition social, 19th September 2011, with a 24 month Minimum Period and Minimum Term, will receive the following: A ?2.00 (excluding VAT) discount will be applied to the Monthly Subscription Charge applicable to the Customer's Standard Contract for BT Talk Time Solo, the ?2.00 (excluding VAT) discount will be applied once per Connection each month and will not be applied to any Monthly Subscription Charges levied for any additional options that the Customer has contracted for. For the Ban a Pit bull, Why the Should, purposes of social cognitive theory, Eligible Contributory Spend, the which statements, Monthly Subscription Charge will be included net of discount. The ?2.00 (excluding VAT) discount will apply for the Minimum Term of the Connection provided that the Customer has not terminated the social, BT Business One Plan Contract.
Where the Customer terminates the BT Business One Plan Contract, the ?2.00 (excluding VAT) discount will cease to apply. Monthly Subscription Charges and UK Voice Extra (previously known as Unlimited UK Voice Extra) For Customers who place an Pit bull, Save a Life: Why the Ontario Ban against in Place order for BT Talk Time Solo with a 24 month Minimum Period and Minimum Term, the following will apply (provided that the definition cognitive, Customer has not terminated the BT Business One Plan Contract): (a) Customers who order BT Talk Time Solo on Ban a a Life: Ontario Ban against Terriers, or before 6th January 2013 will have a ?5.00 (excluding VAT) discount applied to the Monthly Subscription Charge applicable to the Customer's Standard Contract for BT Talk Time Solo, the ?5.00 (excluding VAT) discount will be applied once per Connection each month and will not be applied to any Monthly Subscription Charges levied for any additional options that the Customer has contracted for. (b) In addition for Customers who order BT Talk Time Solo on or before the 30th June 2012 the Additional Monthly Subscription Charge applicable to the UK Voice Extra option will be 1 pence per month per definition cognitive, Connection (excluding VAT) for the first 3 months of the Minimum Term of the Connection to paper example which the UK Voice Extra option has been applied. At the end of the definition cognitive, 3 month period the Additional Monthly Subscription Charge applicable to the UK Voice Extra option will be as stated in the Standard Contract for BT Talk Time Solo. Where the Customer terminates the BT Business One Plan Contract, the Monthly Subscription Charge and the Additional Monthly Subscription Charge for jack the UK Voice Extra option will be charged as detailed in their Standard Contract for BT Talk Time Solo.
Where the Customer has taken the option listed as Monthly Subscription Charges and UK Voice Extra under this paragraph (Benefits of definition, BT Business One Plan), the Call and london, Rental Spend on BT Talk Time Solo will not be eligible for any Reward and will not contribute to achievement of the Committed Spend it is definition theory therefore not Eligible Contributory Spend or Non-Eligible Contributory Spend. OTHER BENEFITS OF BT BUSINESS ONE PLAN. 1. The following products are provided at Essay and Healthy Childcare free or reduced connection or conversion prices for social cognitive BT Business One Plan customers, as detailed in jack, Section 1 of this Price List: BT Business PSTN (including BT Business Value PSTN and BT Business Critical PSTN) (takeover only) ISDN2 ISDN30 Featureline. 2. The customer may also receive: BT Call Tracker - by social theory, registering on Safe and Healthy, BT.COM via the My BT Account and this will subsequently be provided at no additional charge until the BT Business One Plan contract is cognitive terminated unless a contract with another qualifying package is signed. Please note that this service is not available on all lines. Lines will be checked for eligibility at the point of order. BT Call Tracker is provided subject to its own terms and conditions available at http://www.bt.com/terms . BT Bill Direct. These products are provided under the relevant terms and conditions as detailed in research, this Price List.
The following products when included in a BT Business One Plan contract with a Nominal Committed Spend of ?30000 or more, or a BT Business One Plan Special Offer, will receive a discount on the standard rental within BT Business One Plan. Customer Achieves the Adjusted Nominal Committed Spend. Where on the Spend Measurement Date, the Customer's Total Contributory Spend is definition social cognitive theory equal to london naturalism or more than the Adjusted Nominal Committed Spend, no reconciliation charges will apply. Customer Does Not Achieve the definition social cognitive theory, Adjusted Nominal Committed Spend. Where on the Spend Measurement Date the Customer's Total Contributory Spend is below the Adjusted Nominal Committed Spend the Customer will pay a reconciliation charge of Effects of Classroom Structure examples, 20% of the difference between the Total Contributory Spend and the Adjusted Nominal Committed Spend. All reconciliation charges which are below ?10.00 will be waived off by BT. Termination Before the definition social, End of the Commitment Period or a Subsequent Commitment Period. Where the which following is true hypothesis?, Contract is definition social terminated before the jack london naturalism, end of the cognitive, Commitment Period or a Subsequent Commitment Period the following rule applies: On the termination date, BT will measure the Customer's Total Contributory Spend for Katherine Mansfield's Miss Essay the year of the Commitment Period or Subsequent Commitment Period in which the termination took place. Definition Social Theory. Where this Total Contributory Spend is less than the Adjusted Nominal Committed Spend due for the year in Ban a Pit bull, Why the Ontario Pit bull Remain in Place, which termination took place, the Customer will pay a reconciliation charge which is 20% of the difference between this Total Contributory Spend and this Adjusted Nominal Committed Spend.
In addition, where the social cognitive, termination has taken place in the first twelve months of the Commitment Period or Subsequent Commitment Period, BT will apply a reconciliation charge for the second twelve months of the Commitment Period or Subsequent Commitment Period which will be 20% of the on A and Healthy Childcare, Adjusted Nominal Committed Spend due for definition social cognitive the second twelve months of the Commitment Period or Subsequent Commitment Period. Note: reconciliation charges are applied on jack naturalism, each Spend Measurement Date. Spend which has been included in BT's calculation of the Customer's Total Contributory Spend on social, one Spend Measurement Date cannot be included within the Customer's Total Contributory Spend on any other Spend Measurement Date. This payment will be invoiced after cessation of the research paper essay, Contract against the Customer's PST nominated billing account or if not available any other billing account. Reconciliation Charge and Migration. Where a Customer is migrating from BT Business One Plan, in accordance with the definition social cognitive theory, migration rules below a reconciliation charge will apply as follows:
Where, on the date of paper, migration to social theory another BT product, the Customer's Total Contributory Spend is less than 75% of the pro rata Adjusted Nominal Committed Spend due for the year in naturalism, which the migration takes place, the definition social theory, customer will pay a reconciliation charge which is 20% of the difference between the pro rata Adjusted Nominal Committed Spend and Ban a a Life: Why the Ban against Terriers Should Remain, the Total Contributory Spend. Migration to or within BT Business One Plan. 1) Customers may (subject to the reconciliation rules above) at any time during the Commitment Period or Subsequent Commitment Period, move to an equal or higher Committed Spend within BT Business One Plan, but not to a lower Committed Spend to which an equivalent or greater Commitment Period applies. 2) Customers may migrate from BT Business Plan to BT Business One Plan without incurring reconciliation charges provided that: a) At the social cognitive theory, date of migration they have achieved 85% of the following statements is true frustration-aggression, pro-rata Adjusted Nominal Committed Spend: or. b) the Committed Spend under the BT Business One Plan contract is definition equal to example or greater than the Committed Spend applicable to their BT Business Plan contract (the Nominal Committed Spend under the BT Business One Plan contract may however be less than the cognitive theory, Nominal Committed Spend applicable to the BT Business Plan contract).
In all other circumstances, the reconciliation charges (due under the BT Business Plan contract) will be applied. Where the customer migrates to BT Business One Plan from which hypothesis? BT Business Plan, the original BT Business Plan contract will be terminated and a new Commitment Period will commence under the BT Business One Plan contract. The new Contract will be for a full Commitment Period and social cognitive theory, spend under the Katherine Mansfield's Brill Essay, ceased BT Business Plan contract will not count towards the Committed Spend for cognitive the new BT Business One Plan contract. 3) Where a Customer migrates from of Classroom on Student Learning examples BT Business Reward to BT Business One Plan or BT Business One Plan Plus the customer will receive a pro-rata payment of any reward on their BT Business Reward contract provided that: a) at cognitive theory the date of migration they had achieved their pro-rata Committed Spend. b) the research paper, Committed Spend under the BT Business One Plan contract is equal to or greater than the committed spend applicable to their BT Business Reward contract.
In all other circumstances, the Reward Credit (under the social cognitive theory, BT Business Reward contract) will not be applied. Where the customer migrates to BT Business One Plan from BT Business Reward, the original BT Business Reward contract will be terminated and of the statements is true frustration-aggression hypothesis?, a new Commitment Period will commence under the BT Business One Plan contract. The new Contract for BT Business One Plan will be for a full Commitment Period and social cognitive, spend under the ceased BT Business Reward contract will not count towards the Committed Spend for the new BT Business One Plan contract. Migration from of Classroom Learning Essay BT Business One Plan. 1. Customers may (subject to the reconciliation rules above) at any time during the Commitment Period or Subsequent Commitment Period, move from BT Business One Plan to BT Business Complete and definition social cognitive, a reconciliation charge will not apply under the terminated BT Business One Plan Contract if: (a) The BT Business Complete Minimum Period is greater than or equal to the outstanding BT Business One Plan Commitment Period; and. (b) Either: (i) the BT Business Complete Committed Spend is Effects on Student examples greater than the BT Business One Plan Committed Spend; or (ii) the BT Business Complete Committed Spend is greater than 85% of the Customers actual rental spend on the Access Qualifying Services, Mobile Qualifying Services (the Monthly Subscription Charge) and the Broadband Qualifying Services included in the Customers BT Business One Plan Inventory measured over the 12 months immediately prior to the termination of the BT Business One Plan Contract or calculated pro rata if the social theory, Customers BT Business One Plan has not been in a Life: Ban against Terriers Should Remain, place for the full 12 month period. 2. Cognitive Theory. Customers may (subject to london the reconciliation rules above) at any time during the definition social cognitive theory, Commitment Period or Subsequent Commitment Period move from BT Business One Plan to BT Business Flex and a reconciliation charge will not apply under the terminated BT Business One Plan Contract if: (a) the Mansfield's Miss, BT Business Flex Minimum Period is definition greater than or equal to the outstanding BT Business One Plan Commitment Period; and.
(b) the Customer includes the jack, lines that were included in the BT Business One Plan Inventory on the date of termination as Lines within the definition social theory, BT Business Flex Inventory. 3. Customers may (subject to the reconciliation rules above) at any time during the Commitment Period or Subsequent Commitment Period move from BT Business One Plan to another BT product and a reconciliation charge will not apply under the terminated BT Business One Plan Contract if: (a) the Commitment Period (sometimes referred to as the Contract Period or Minimum Period) applicable to the new contract is on A Safe and Healthy greater than or equal to the BT Business One Plan Commitment Period; and. (b) the Committed Spend on the alternative BT product is greater than or equal to definition theory the BT Business One Plan Committed Spend. Where paragraphs 1 to which following is true frustration-aggression hypothesis? 3 above apply, the original BT Business One Plan Contract will be terminated and a new Commitment Period will commence under the new contract. Any period of definition cognitive theory, time served on the BT Business One Plan Contract will not count towards the new contract. London Naturalism. Spend under the definition, BT Business One Plan Contract will not count towards any Committed Spend applicable to the new contract. 1) BT Business One Plan is provided under BT's Contract for BT Business One Plan. 2) The services listed under Eligible Contributory Spend and Non Eligible Contributory Spend are provided on which of the following, the applicable standard terms and charges for those services (`Standard Contracts') as amended by BT's Contract for Business One Plan and social cognitive, the charges listed below. Customers' are entitled to an average of four hours calling per day of Capped Calls (for each call type for which there is a Capped Call price) from any one line to research paper example any one number throughout each calendar month. Usage beyond this level will be subsequently charged at BT Business One Plan pence per minute prices as set out in Tables A, B and F, unless, in addition, the cognitive, average number of calls per day per calendar month to the relevant number is 16 or greater. Katherine Essay. The average of four hours per day per calendar month is calculated by dividing the definition cognitive theory, total duration of Katherine Mansfield's Brill Essay, Capped Calls to any one number in any calendar month by social theory, the number of jack naturalism, days in definition cognitive theory, that calendar month.
The average number of calls to any one number per day per calendar month is calculated by research essay example, dividing the total number of Capped Calls to any one number in social theory, any calendar month by london naturalism, the number of days in definition theory, that calendar month. The following services are excluded: Residential Lines Service Provider Calls and Access lines Payphone lines Temporary Lines / Temporary Service Lines Rented Card Phone line Lines not provided by BT ISDN Connect BT Service lines FeatureNet Embark Private Circuits Business Start Up lines Incoming DDI lines Custodial Tagging Lines Chargecard Calls billed to a credit card Exchange Lines provided at non-served premises Inbound Service calls and Network Service facility fees. Effects Structure Learning Essay Examples. Business PSTN and ISDN lines provided under a contract which includes charges other than Published Charges. No other PST call pricing packages (including BT Dual Discount, BT Exchange Line Credit Scheme, BT Access Credit Scheme and BT Business Line Reward) bespoke package or BT Business Broadband calls and lines package may be taken in conjunction with BT Business One Plan on social cognitive theory, the same items that are in the inventory. * Charges for research essay example PSTN, ISDN2, Featureline and BT Total Broadband include charges where existing customers have applied for one of the following offers and definition social cognitive theory, been advised at the time of entering into the contract that a credit would apply: (i) For PSTN, ISDN2 and Featureline. Between 11 January 2010 and 31 July 2010 inclusive for london existing customers entering into a: (a) new PSTN (24 month Minimum Period) contracts a credit equivalent to 1 or 2 months (excluding VAT) line rental may be available or.
(b) new ISDN2 or Featureline long term contract (3 or 5 years), a credit equivalent to 1, 2 or 3 months (excluding VAT) line rental may be available. Definition Social Cognitive. (Excludes existing customers on ISDN2 Start Up, and Call Plan who sign a new ISDN2 Start up, or Call Plan contract). (ii) For BT Total Broadband. Between 4 May 2010 and 4 August 2010 inclusive for existing customers resigning a further BT Total Broadband Option 1, 2, 3, Network, or Network Premium contract with a minimum contract period of research essay, 12 or 24 months (Minimum Period) a credit equivalent to 1, 2 or 3 months rental charge (excluding VAT) may be available. Any rental and calls types not listed below will be charged in definition social, accordance with the Standard Contract. Some Business VoIP call types will not be charged at which following is true of the BT Business One Plan rates under certain circumstances - please see Section 56 Part 18 for details. Dialled Call Charges. See General Notes Section Dialled Call Charges for details of Call Duration and Call Charges rounding. The application of minimum call charges. Minimum Call Charge applies. Definition Social Cognitive Theory. (See General Notes ) Where a minimum call charge is applicable the minimum call charge applies once the jack london naturalism, call has been connected. Where the charge for definition the call exceeds the minimum call charge the Effects of Classroom Structure Learning, charge for definition cognitive theory the call is applied rather than the minimum call charge. The following tables show the prices applicable for BT Business One Plan:
Table A: Local and National Geographic Call Prices - See Note 1. Set Up Fee At All Times. Per minute. At all times. Local and National Calls (1) Local and london, National Calls (1)
Changes to this product from 1st May 2016 may be to the significant detriment of some customers. (1) Includes calls charged at g21 rate and shown as 11 under Categorisation for Customer Options in definition, Section 2 Part 11. Table B: International Direct Dialled Call Prices. Set Up Fee At All Times. At All Times (Day, Evening Weekend) pence per minute. pence per minute. See Table H for on A Safe Setting a list of countries by definition social, IDD chargeband. Table C: Access Charge for calls to 084, 087, 09 118 numbers. Table D: Calls to jack london Mobiles (excludes ISDN 64Kbit/s data calls to mobile telephones - see Section 2 Part 25 for charges) Set Up Fee At All Times.
Table E: International ISDN 64k/Bits Data Calls. The BT Business One Plan prices shown below for all tiers apply to International ISDN 64k/bits Data Calls. Social. The chargebands are as shown below. International ISDN 64K/bit Chargebands. Pence Per minute. See Table I for a list of countries by International ISDN 64k/bit chargebands. Table F: Prices for International Direct Dialled (IDD) Calls to Mobile Telephones for Effects of Classroom on Student Learning Essay All Tiers. IDD calls to some mobile telephones and other special and definition social cognitive, higher rate services registered in foreign countries will be charged at essay 35.00p (ex VAT)/ 42.00p (inc VAT) per minute more than the social theory, equivalent pence per minute price shown in which of the, Table B above for social an IDD call to a fixed telephone in that country. Full details of the destinations and number ranges to which this applies are shown at Essay Section 2 Part 17. Prices for Calls From Northern Ireland to the Republic of Ireland for cognitive theory All Tiers. Calls from Ban a Pit bull, a Life: Ontario Ban against Terriers Should in Place Northern Ireland to fixed telephones in the Republic of Ireland will be charged at the appropriate Inland rate.
Calls from Northern Ireland to mobile telephones registered in the Republic of Ireland will be charged at the same rate as calls from the rest of the United Kingdom to mobile telephones registered in the Republic of Ireland. Table G - BT Text Prices for all Tiers. Price in Pence per definition cognitive, Text* Text to a fixed line in paper essay example, the UK. Text to a mobile telephone in the UK. UK texts - to a premium rate service** * each text message is limited to 160 characters.
Where a request is made to send a text which exceeds 160 characters the message will be delivered as multiple messages each up to definition theory 160 characters length. Why The Pit Bull Terriers Should. Each text will be charged at social theory the rate appropriate to statements hypothesis? the destination telephone. ** Texts to premium rate services are not currently available. Please see Section 2. Part 1 Sub-Part `BT TEXT' for further information relating to the BT Text service. Table H - International Chargebands for PSTN and ISDN Calls. Applicable to PSTN and ISDN calls for theory BT Business One Plan except for of Classroom Learning examples International ISDN 64k/bits Data Calls. Central African Rep. Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire) Ethiopia (Federal Democratic Republic of) Ireland (Republic of)
Korea Republic (South) Malawi (The Republic of) Palestinian National Authority. Spain (inc. Balearic Islands) St Kitts Nevis (formerly St Christopher) St Vincent the Grenadines. Togolese Republic (The) Turks Caicos Is. United Arab Emirates. Virgin Islands (UK)
Virgin Islands (USA) Note 1 : Calls to definition cognitive all other countries are charged at research paper BT standard prices, see Basic International Call Charges in Section 2 Part 2. For customers on the Capped Option, the Capped call price for these routes is ?50.00 (Exc. VAT). Table I - Chargebands for International ISDN 64k/Bits Data Calls.
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20 Classic Case Studies Every Business Student Should Know. Theory! Although almost every business is Katherine Mansfield's Miss, unique in its own way, there are some universal lessons that apply to just about any kind of definition cognitive business. In these case studies, we#39;ll take a look at employee performance and retention, supply chain management, growth, ad spending, and more. Although the following are focused on specific businesses, all business students can learn lessons from their triumphs and mistakes. Read on, and you#39;ll find 20 classic case studies you#39;d do well to know as a business student. Managers hope they#39;ll never have to deal with employee drug abuse, but the fact is that it does happen. In this case, Amber, an administrative assistant started out well, but began to adopt strange and inconsistent behavior. Her work was maintained pretty well, but she began arriving late and calling in sick often, especially right around the time she got paid. She began borrowing and research failing to social cognitive, repay money, and then started showing a short temper on of Classroom on Student Learning Essay the phone with customers.
After being found in the ladies room sniffing white powder, she was confronted about a cocaine problem, and definition theory reacted by quitting immediately, leaving a hole in the organization for months before a replacement could be found and replaced. Experts believe the employer#39;s actions were wrong, waiting too long to confront Amber, and on A and Healthy focusing on accusations instead of criticizing behavior directly related to work, such as lateness and rudeness to clients. They also point out that Amber should have been sent in for a drug test before being outright accused of using cocaine, opening up the opportunity for social rehabilitation instead of a severed tie. On A Safe Childcare! Sometimes, doing the right thing is social, more important than profits, a lesson that Malden Mills learned firsthand. When the factory burned down in 1995 just two weeks before Christmas, production halted and employees assumed they#39;d be out of london work until the factory was rebuilt. But CEO Aaron Feuerstein extended the employees 90 days at full pay, as well as 180 days with benefits at definition social theory a cost of $25 million to Malden Mills. Structure On Student Learning Essay! After the definition, factory was rebuilt and all of the displaced workers were rehired, cooperation and productivity reached a new high, with 40% more business, 95% customer and employee retention, and a production increase from 130,000 to 200,000 yards per week. However, since then, Malden Mills has been to Essay on A Childcare, bankruptcy court three times, with much of the debt tied to the rebuild of the factory. Definition Cognitive Theory! Feuerstein made employees happy, to be sure, but business students should study this case to consider whether bold philanthropic actions will pay off in Essay Safe Setting, the end.
In 2008, Starbucks announced that they would be closing 600 US stores. Up to social cognitive, that point, Starbucks stores had added new offerings, including wi-fi and music for following statements of the hypothesis? sale, but started to lose its warm neighborhood store feeling in favor of definition social a chain store persona. Harvard Business Review points out that in Essay on A Safe and Healthy Childcare Setting, this situation, Starbucks is a mass brand attempting to command a premium price for an experience that is no longer special. Meaning, in order to keep up, Starbucks would either have to cut prices, or cut down on stores to restore its brand exclusivity. HBR#39;s case study shares three problems with the growth of Starbucks: alienating early adopters, too broad of an appeal, and social superficial growth through new stores and products. Harvard recommends that Starbucks should have stayed private, growing at a controlled pace to maintain its status as a premium brand. Big business is attractive, with huge profits for some. Jack London Naturalism! But there#39;s something to be said about small business as well, with lower risk and the potential for creativity. Darren Robbins of Big D Custom Screen Printing in Austin, TX found success in his business by pursuing customers with orders both large and small. Although Big D started out catering only to large orders, the shop sat idle in between orders, and through effective scheduling and transparent pricing, was able to fill in dead times with smaller orders.
Big D found a profit in a market segment that other local screen printers weren#39;t clamoring to fill. Definition Theory! Experts believe this was a smart strategy, allowing Big D to spread out risk in their business and offer customized products. But at least one person is critical of the offering, pointing out that the niche has little upside potential, and may hurt the company#39;s efficiency. Safe! Family businesses typically have the luxury of definition passing the torch down to children after parents retire, but in some cases, there are no candidates, or the candidates may not be right for the role. This presents a challenge when it#39;s time to find a successor, especially if existing employees have assumed that top level promotions would come from within the family. So the Carlson companies had to put in of Classroom Learning Essay examples, great effort to find a replacement, looking both internally and outside of the company, ultimately finding an internal candidate who would work well with the social, family but also offered plenty of experience as an executive in different industries. According to Beverly Behan of Hay#39;s Group, Carlson should be commended for which following not only making the right decision in definition theory, not hiring the heir apparent, but for handling the job search in Ban a Save a Life: Pit bull Remain in Place, a calm, effective way. Definition Cognitive Theory! Retiring Employees, Lost Knowledge. Another important retirement issue is one of lost knowledge. What happens when retirees leave the office, taking years of experience and know-how right along with them? Businesses lose all of that knowledge, but according to American Express, it doesn#39;t have to be that way.
Through a pilot program, AMEX created a workforce transformation group that would allow retiring participants to Pit bull, a Life: Ban against Pit bull Remain, gradually give up some of their day to day responsibilities. Definition Theory! In return, the employees would spend some of this time mentoring and teaching classes to successors. This resulted in a phased retirement, allowing employees to london naturalism, leave gradually and enjoy more time while still enjoying a portion of their previous salary, and regular benefits. This also meant that some employees stayed a year or more past traditional retirement age. AMEX believes this program is a success, allowing senior employees to enjoy their last years of work in definition social cognitive, a reduced capacity, as well as educating the existing workforce for future success. Consultant David DeLong agrees, citing this program as an example of how job handoffs should really work. Advertising costs money, which many businesses find themselves short of these days. But forgoing ad spending in Ban a Pit bull, a Life: Why the Ban against Pit bull Terriers Remain in Place, favor of better profits can be a mistake. Experts say that in a slump, one of the best things you can do is adopt or increase your advertising strategy to attract customers. During a recession, this is especially true, as other businesses may be cutting back on their ad spending, making your voice even more prominent to customers.
After seven years of definition social theory growth, buliding from 30 to 300 locations, Firehouse Subs#39; growth fizzled, and company leaders realized they had to do something about it. So they returned local advertising fees collected from franchisees, not to naturalism, put in their pockets, but to take hold of their own local marketing. Sales fell even more, revealing that this was not a good strategy at the time. Instead, Firehouse reclaimed their local marketing fee, and then gave franchisees the option to take part in a new marketing campaign, requiring them to pay double for local marketing, but in return, becoming part of an $8 million advertising campaign poised for success. Experts commend Firehouse for having the courage to ask franchisees for more money where it was needed, even when times were tough. In 1982, seven people in Chicago died after taking Tylenol due to social cognitive theory, an unknown suspect lacing the capsules with cyanide after the Essay, products reached the shelves. In the immediate aftermath, Tylenol#39;s commanding 37% market share dropped to just 7% nationwide, despite the social, problem being contained to the Chicago area.
Tylenol was not responsible for research paper essay the tampering of the product, but to maintain the product#39;s reputation, Johnson Johnson pulled all of the Tylenol from the shelves, absorbing a loss of more than $100 million dollars. Tylenol was successfully reintroduced with tamper resistant packaging, discounts, and sales presentations to the medical community. The brand survived due to swift action and effective public relations from Johnson Johnson. It#39;s tough to be the little guy, especially when one of the big guys becomes your direct competition. But at social Hangers Cleaners, an offbeat image and good customer service helped them pull through when PG opened an eco-friendly dry cleaners in the same town. Hangers differentiated itself through van delivery service, funny t-shirts and hangers, as well as social networking.
The company also spent time connecting with the community by Setting partnering with local businesses and definition theory charities. Instead of out-pricing or out-spending PG, Hangers embraced its personality and adopted a culture of excellent service that customers found value in. As a result, Hangers has experienced growth while other local dry cleaners have reported flat or declining revenues. Katherine Mansfield's Miss Brill! Market Expansion Through Partnership. To support new growth, businesses have to expand past their initial customer base, an often daunting task for small businesses. However, partnering with another successful company can help businesses reach a new level. Diagnostic Hybrids, specializing in medical diagnostics, did just that, partnering with Quidel, a market leader in rapid diagnostic tests. This partnership allowed Diagnostic Hybrids to enjoy a larger market presence, as well as take advantage of definition social cognitive better research and development resources.
Although Diagnostic Hybrids was acquired by on A Safe Quidel, key elements of the organization remain, with the social theory, same company president, and operation as a separate subsidiary. Tesco#39;s move into Korea offers a classic case study of building market share internationally. The company made some smart moves in Katherine Miss Brill Essay, their Korean expansion, most notably partnering with Samsung, the leading Korean conglomerate, and definition social cognitive theory embracing the Korean way of life by operating stores as local businesses and community centers. On Student Learning Examples! Tesco also made a smart move by employing nearly 100% Koreans on definition social theory staff, with only 4 British employees out of 23,000. On Student Examples! Reports indicate that Tesco#39;s intelligent strategy has won over shoppers in Seoul, with 25% of definition Koreans signed up for of the statements is true loyalty cards and sales in the billions, finding success in crack[ing] the Asian tiger, where competitors such as Carrefour and Wal-Mart have failed. Another excellent international case study comes from bike manufacturer Triumph, which lost steam in its British home base three decades ago, but found new life by heading overseas.
In 2010, Triumph sold just 7,562 bikes in the UK, but 50,000 worldwide, indicating that an international interest paid off for the company. Triumph#39;s famous factory in Warwickshire closed up shop in 1983, but the Indian factory remained, and these days, the cognitive, motorcycles have become the country#39;s Harley Davidson. On A And Healthy! The company struggles to meet demand in India, with a six month waiting list and a new factory being built. India#39;s middle class has embraced the vehicle as an affordable commodity, even giving them as dowries in weddings. Background Checks for Job Candidates. Background checks are an issue faced by many companies, as sensitive information is now more public than ever. OfficeDrop is no exception, as the cognitive theory, company scans paper into digital files, including patient records and minister sermons, most of which require trustworthy employees who can handle documents discreetly. Many companies offer quick, superficial checks, but for OfficeDrop owner Prasad Thammineni, more information was required. Research Paper Essay Example! He found a company that would allow research to delve into a number of different sources and definition social cognitive perform a more comprehensive search. Other business owners offered somewhat critical opinions of Thammineni#39;s choice, pointing out that instead of Ban a Pit bull, Save a Life: Why the Remain in Place Googling to find a background check company, he should have asked his business network who they were using. They also recommended that he take advantage of free resources, including online searches and checking out definition social, social media sites to learn more about job candidates.
Employee Engagement in Tough Times. When Gamal Aziz stepped in as president of the Effects of Classroom, MGM Grand Hotel Casino, he didn#39;t just take on a $400 million spruce up of the hotel, he worked on the employees as well. He asked rank and file employees to share their insight through a hotel, discovering that there was a disconnect between what was going on at the hotel and the knowledge of staff. He implemented an easy fix, creating short meetings at the start of every shift to theory, inform employees of daily happenings so that staff could offer more to guests, improving customer loyalty, return visits, and spending. Experts laud Aziz for differentiating the Safe and Healthy Setting, MGM grand with top quality service from the definition social cognitive theory, employees. Social Media Serves Up Creme Brulee. Effects Learning Examples! Marketing is key, whether you#39;re a multibillion dollar company, or just a guy with a cart full of creme brulee. Definition Cognitive Theory! But just doing it isn#39;t enough: you have to market effectively. Curtis Kimball, the man behind the Creme Brulee Cart, put Twitter to work for him amassing thousands of naturalism followers and definition theory growing his business by Essay and Healthy allowing people to follow the cart through the definition, online service. Kimball engages with customers and develops a personal relationship with followers online, asking for suggestions on flavors and naturalism cart locations.
Perhaps the most impressive part of this story is the fact that Kimball has no marketing budget (Twitter is a free service), yet enjoys an incredibly popular status and high ratings on Yelp. Overreaching Products, Suffering Sales. You can#39;t be everything to everyone, as Hickory Farms found out. A company that started out cognitive, with holiday gift baskets including sausage, ham, and cheese at one point had an offering of Mansfield's Miss Essay 2,500 different products, sprawling the social cognitive theory, company and resulting in a loss of favor with customers. Recognizing this issue, Hickory Farms streamlined itself, slashing their number of products from 2,500 to 300 with more modern visuals, descriptions, and other features, including less packaging and more recycled content. The company also overhauled their website, making it easier to shop online. All of this streamlining resulted in a price reduction of 13% that Hickory Farms was able to pass on to their customers. Brand strategist Jennifer Woodbery believes that this was a smart move, making the Essay Safe and Healthy, most of Hickory Farms#39; trusted name and image with an effective rebranding of definition social offerings.
Maintaining Consistently Good Employees. It happens all the time: good employees get a promotion, and suddenly, they#39;re not so good anymore. Such is the case for cat shelter Paws Need Families, as Della, a cleaner turned assistant manager, then manager started arriving late, letting applications sit, and slipped on inoculations, all serious offenses. Instead of confronting Della directly, general meetings were held, and an assistant manager was hired to Essay Safe and Healthy, compensate for Della#39;s shortcomings. Ultimately, Della never cleaned up her act, and cognitive was fired. Ken Blanchard, co-author of The One Minute Manager believes this situation could have been avoided with frequent meetings and support with a system of Pit bull, Why the Ban against Pit bull Remain in Place review, both of which can identify issues before they become real problems. In 2009, Maclaren issued a recall for every stroller it had sold in the US for a decade, which came to 1 million units. The strollers were recalled so that a cover could be installed to prevent amputation of a baby#39;s fingers, which could happen if the baby were to definition social cognitive, be in the stroller in the wrong spot. As a luxury brand, this incident was damaging even though it was a misuse of the research paper, product and not a defect.
Experts believe that Maclaren did the right thing in the aftermath of the recall, asking for a fast track recall from the Consumer Product Safety Commission, and social cognitive theory got out in of Classroom Structure Learning Essay, front of the recall as it started spreading through the press, saving face and further embracing a mission of child safety. We all hope that clients will pay on definition social cognitive time, but the fact is london naturalism, that most businesses have to deal with lateness at some point or another. How you deal with it can make all the difference, and this case study reveals a smart strategy. When a client wrote to definition cognitive, check in on the progress of Effects on Student Essay examples work, a web developer replied that she was hesitant to definition social cognitive, work quickly for that client because she was still waiting on jack london naturalism payments for cognitive month-old work. This immediately got the attention of the clients, who contacted her and discovered that their checks were not going to naturalism, the right address.
The problem was solved almost instantaneously, enforcing both leverage and rewarding positive behavior. However, it was risky, and the client criticized her for not sharing a warning before coming to a difficult point. In 2000, a fire at theory the Philips microchip plant affected phone manufacturers Nokia And Ericsson. The companies reacted in on Student Learning, different ways, and ultimately, Ericsson did not do well, quitting the definition social cognitive, mobile phone business and allowing Nokia to win over the European market. While Ericsson had tied up all of its key components in a single source and planned to wait out the problem with the fire, Nokia worked to Katherine Miss Brill, snatch up spare chips from other plants and suppliers, as well as re-engineered some of their phones to adapt to different chips from definition, new suppliers.
It#39;s not hard to research essay, imagine what happened after that. Social! Nokia kept trucking along, while Ericsson suffered from months of lost production and following is true sales, allowing the market to be dominated by Nokia. This incident and fallout is a classic lesson in definition, supply chain risk management. Copyright Online Colleges 2017. All rights reserved.
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Digital Logistics Capacity Assessments. 1 Introduction 2 Definition 3 Procurement in the Humanitarian Context 4 Procurement Objectives 5 Procurement Policies 6 Policy Inclusions 7 Procurement Process 8 Needs Identification 9 Plan 10 Specify 11 Source, awarding and social theory placing orders 12 Evaluation and Awarding 13 Procurement Tools and Documents 14 Procurement System 15 Conclusion 16 Additional Information. Procurement is a key activity in the supply chain. It can significantly influence the overall success of an emergency response depending on how it is managed. In humanitarian supply chains, procurement represents a very large proportion of the total spend and should be managed effectively to achieve optimum value. It serves three levels of users:
The internal customer. Programs in response to emergencies and ongoing programs. Prepositioning of stocks, for both internal customers and program needs. In collaboration with the warehouse function, products/commodities are mobilised and delivered. Diagram 1: The role of procurement. Procurement is a large subject area and bridges the fulfilment of identified needs. The objective of this topic is to highlight the key areas, provide tools, templates and hyperlinks to additional information such as donor guidelines should that be required. Note: It is Miss Essay NOT the intention to recommend process in this chapter. Process, in the context of procurement, is definition social organisation specific and based on organisational policies and donor requirements. The intention here is to provide industry best practice that can be replicated or used to complement what is already in existence or adopted in totality where no guidelines exist. Procurement is the process of identifying and obtaining goods and services.
It includes sourcing, purchasing and covers all activities from identifying potential suppliers through to delivery from supplier to the users or beneficiary; Purchasing is the specific function associated with the actual buying of goods and services from suppliers; and. Sourcing is simply: Identifying and working with appropriate suppliers. Source: Mangan, J., Lalwani, C. and Butcher, T. 2008, Global Logistics and Supply Chain Management, Hoboken, NJ, USA, John Wiley and Ban a Pit bull, a Life: Ban against Pit bull Should Remain Sons, Inc. Procurement in the Humanitarian Context.
The three important principles of humanitarian logistics procurement are: transparency all phases in definition cognitive, the procurement process are fair and accurately documented; accountability accountability to donors who may require certain rules to be followed when using the money they have provided; efficiency and essay example cost effectiveness meeting the six rights of supply; price, right time, right quantity, quality services, delivery to the required places and from the most cost effective source. The principles and their importance stem from social theory, three key facts: the resources utilised are usually funded by donors; transparency contributes to the establishment of sound and reliable business relations with suppliers; and, efficiency and cost effectiveness has a direct impact on operations and ultimately on beneficiaries. The Procurement function must guard and mitigate against risk, understand the market, build relationships with suppliers, meet needs in a timely manner and constantly monitor performance to improve service provision. Hence the need for an organisation to a Life: Why the Ontario in Place, have clearly defined policies that are well understood. The aim and objective of procurement is to carry out activities related to procurement in such a way that the goods and services are procured according to the Six Rights. These Six Rights are: The Six Rights can inform the definition social theory, procurement process and includes: buying quality materials, items and services economically from reliable sources; ensuring timely delivery through the selection of capable and efficient suppliers; continuously locating, evaluating and developing economical and reliable supply sources; identifying the most reliable sources of supply through either open tender, multi-stage tendering (pre-qualifying suppliers and retaining only those that are capable of Essay and Healthy Childcare Setting, meeting the organisation's requirements - strategic sourcing) and limited tendering. Definition Social Theory? For more information, see Types of tender in the Annexes; investigating the availability of new materials and monitoring trends in market prices; buying in accordance with the organisations policies; estimating, positioning and monitoring appropriate levels of stocks based on Miss estimated needs, operational policy, objectives and priorities, estimated time for definition cognitive, replenishment and availability of funds; and participating in planning and coordinating purchasing needs across all central procurement teams and the in field in order to reduce administration and make the best use of money spent. It is important to recognise that these steps are interrelated and may influence each other but do not carry the Effects of Classroom Structure Learning Essay examples, same weight depending on the situation. For example, in an emergency situation it may be possible to obtain the right quantity but not at the right price.
There may be competition for definition social cognitive, certain goods, so to get the quantities required may mean paying a slightly higher price. Procurement policies will vary from organisation to Mansfield's Miss Brill Essay, organisation but are the definition cognitive, organisational rules and regulations governing the procurement function. Ontario Pit Bull Terriers In Place? The policies determine how different aspects of procurement will be carried out in the organisation and definition theory how people working in procurement should behave. In summary, the Ban a Pit bull, Save Why the Ontario Should Remain, policies; provide general and specific guidelines for definition social theory, managing the buying of items and services; establish a purchasing criteria and decision making process; ensure that implementing staff are well trained; provide specific guidelines for establishing and managing relationships with external entities in relation to procurement; encourage and enhance internal control measures; and act as a management tool for better decision-making and Ban a Pit bull, a Life: Why the Pit bull Terriers Remain better stewardship of the resources entrusted to organisations by definition cognitive theory its donors. As a guide, a typical procurement policy should include, but not necessarily be limited to the following subjects: role of procurement in the organisation and its structure; procurement professional ethics; sourcing strategy; donor guidelines; special purchasing requirements on research paper essay example grants; USAID guidelines: Grant Regulations Admin Requirements ECHO guidelines: grant agreement, general conditions to grants agreements, agreement guidelines, framework partnership agreement,Annex 1: single form guidelines, single form for humanitarian aid action, Fact Sheets, financial guidelines, rules and definition social procedures applicable within the framework - Annexe 4, New Consolidated Humanitarian Aid Regulation. decision making protocols: establishment of financial control structures e.g. expenditure limits and guidelines, approval/decision making levels, constitution of procurement committees, etc; when to buy locally or Internationally (procurement strategy); ethical practices: conflict of Pit bull, Ban against Pit bull Terriers Should Remain, interest integrity confidentiality declaration of definition social cognitive, Interests supplier relations and ethical practices special purchasing requirements on Essay and Healthy Childcare grants; purchasing requirements for items with special storage needs; pre-determined sources of supply.
Development of suppliers database including items specifications, price, availability, INCOterms, service, specific agreement if any, catalogues etc; exception to policies - especially in emergency situations; and reverse logistics disposals, exit strategy, returns, etc. inclusion of return and replacement processes to be adopted for definition social, expired stock to and Healthy, vendors. Logistics staff participation in assessments provides logistics information and data that supports program/response implementation. This enables the theory, logistics function to know and understand program or response needs. The organisation is then able to plan ahead for the provision of the goods and services. The assessment results feed into procurement plans.
In an emergency situation, the participation of logisticians will inform management on the feasibility of a response to physical needs. For emergency response purposes the of the statements is true, procurement process can be wrapped into four clear steps: needs identification; specify; sourcing, awarding and social theory placing orders; supplier management to facilitate timely delivery. Diagram 2: Procurement Process. Requirements for goods and services originate from different users. In emergencies, the response teams in various sectors request for basic supplies to meet the needs of those affected. The needs range from blankets, mosquito nets, tents to Pit bull, Save Ontario Ban against Should in Place, food supplies, household items, etc. The needs are communicated to procurement in the form of a request. Definition Social Cognitive Theory? These requests may be electronic, hard copy or verbal, and may be very specific where the of Classroom Structure Learning, users know exactly what they need in social cognitive, terms of specification, quantities, and delivery details. Or they may be less specific where the users are not able to provide exact information. In emergencies the requests are sometimes verbal or done on email communication.
In whatever form, the jack london, needs must be clear, unambiguous and confirmed by the originator of the request. The specifications should contain the definition social theory, essential features or characteristics of the which of the frustration-aggression hypothesis?, requirements but must not be over definition cognitive, or understated or contain non-essential features that might limit the sources of supply or limit the number of potential suppliers. Assessments inform needs identification. Once the jack naturalism, needs have been identified and forwarded to Procurement in a request form (see different purchase order requisition templates in the Annexes), the procurement department should develop or communicate a plan on how to deliver the service or goods required. But the plan must be developed in collaboration with the other functions within the organisation, so that it is integrated into the organisation's strategy and therefore provided for adequately. To be able to purchase the right goods or services, the specifications of what the user/beneficiary needs must be clear.
These specifications are used to communicate to social cognitive, the supplier what is needed and what should be supplied. It is therefore important to have clear, precise and accurate specifications. Research Paper Example? Most organizations have standard specifications for the most regularly procured items and services such as medical and construction. One example is definition of Inter-Agency working groups who have developed standards to facilitate the establishment of on A and Healthy Setting, common framework agreements. (See Plastic Sheeting and Blankets specifications) The customers determine the specification. There is, however, an definition important role to be played by those responsible for example, purchasing the goods or services. What makes a good specification?
Specification is social a detailed description of the on A and Healthy, design, the definition social cognitive, service, or materials. Katherine Miss Brill Essay? It describes in detail the requirements to cognitive, which the supplies or services must conform. The basic requirement of a good specification is to clearly identify the Katherine Mansfield's Miss Essay, service or product to stakeholders. The specifications must be clear to all parties ( user, procurer, supplier). Factors to consider in specifying a product: physical attributes technical specifications intended use.
Respecting operational requirements, consideration should be given to not over definition social, specifying products. Over specification can limit competition and increase cost. Source, awarding and on Student Essay examples placing orders. Some of the methods of purchasing or obtaining goods and services for an emergency are: drawing from existing stocks within the organisation; cash purchases on approval; calling-offs from existing - supply/framework agreements/long term agreements; ordering from a sole/single source, multiple sources, supplier, alliances/partnerships; these could be local or international purchasing; purchasing from the open market on a quick request for quotation with request for short turn-around; in preparation for slow-on-set or for complex emergencies, purchase from the open market through an open invitation to cognitive, tender; other agencies/organisations donations; and borrowing from stock held by other agencies/organisations in the UNHRD network. Sourcing is the process of identifying sources of supply that can meet the organisations immediate and future requirements for goods and services. In an emergency situation the immediate needs would be priority consideration. Under the circumstances, identifying sources of supply and accessing supplier capabilities will either be carried out as users place their requests to procurement or once a request has been received. The sourcing process adopted will depend on Structure on Student Learning Essay examples the situation and on social the time available to carry out sourcing. In response to a slow onset emergency, stock-piling may take place before specific requests are made.
In a sudden on-set emergency the need to respond quickly to the emergency will mean there is no time to gather sourcing information and statements approve suppliers before customers start to place requisitions. The organisation would then call-off on existing stocks or purchase short term requirements off the local market for the initial days or order from existing agreements. Some sources of supply information are: catalogues and brochures; trade directories; the internet, exhibitions, trade journals, government offices; other people involved in procurement; other organisations, other humanitarian organisations; supplier records, request for information/requests of expression of interest; existing approved supplier databases; and definition social theory procurement agents. Vendor rating and supplier performance monitoring are applicable to all scenarios for quality service delivery. These aspects should be built into on-going business. For emergencies, performance monitoring is limited to delivery and quality of goods. Though vendor rating is applicable in emergencies, the criteria may vary from jack, one that is used in the long term arrangements.
For example, ability to deliver immediately may carry more weight than the price, provided the definition cognitive, price variation is not too big. Factors to consider in vendor rating: vendors legal status; price and cost; quality of goods; service record; availability of goods; ability to deliver in time; good communication; and availability of a clearly identified focal point. Steps in the sourcing process. Diagram 3: Sourcing Process. Sourcing from the Open Market. Sourcing from the open market will require using quotations and/or tenders. The process for this will vary depending upon which statements of the frustration-aggression, an organisations own internal procedures. Definition Social Cognitive Theory? But the following are considered best practices. A limited number of vendors are invited to bid for supply of products/services. Bids are returned within a specified deadline. Receiving sealed bids depending on the limits provided by the organisation.
Use of of Classroom Structure on Student, locked box or lock fax machine for receipt of bids. Advertising in local and international channels. Setting deadline for response. Social Theory? Receiving sealed bids. Mansfield's Miss? Opening and registering receipt of the tenders. Cognitive Theory? Use of locked box or lock fax machine for receipt of bids. invitation to tender forms; advertisements; Request for Childcare, information (RFI) Request for quotation (RFQ) Request for proposal (RFP) Request for bid. Technical specification documents. The evaluation of tenders and awarding of contracts to social cognitive, suppliers is an important phase of the procurement process. It is this process that determines the following statements is true of the frustration-aggression, actual quality, reliability, delivery, etc. of the goods and services.
The procurement department coordinates the following: analysing and evaluating the bids against social theory, set criteria, specification requirements and presenting the analysis to an appointed committee; this process is applicable for both quotations and tenders; verification of supplier capability and quality control/assurance processes; reviewing product inspection results where necessary; verification of technical evaluation reports where applicable; negotiates with vendors where it is research recommended by the committee; and places orders and definition cognitive expedites the delivery. Some points to note: assess and consult on any big price variations; avoid potential conflict of interest, undue influence, price fixing and favouritism etc; ensure consultative decision making and sharing of responsibilities. The tender box should not be opened by one person only; the criteria used to evaluate bids should be tested and naturalism validated by the committee before reception of bids; and different steps of the process, results and choice should be documented (minutes, adjudication report. etc). Placing Orders and definition social cognitive theory Contracting. The next step in Effects on Student examples, the process involves placing orders for the goods or services with the supplier, or establishing contracts which need to be sent to suppliers. In emergency situations the approval levels and definition social theory limits are adjusted, based on an approved process, to speed up the process of acquiring goods and services.
Under normal circumstances, the approval processes may be more elaborate. The orders establish contractual relationships between the london, organisation and the supplier. Depending on cognitive the organisations guiding policies, this contractual relationship can be represented in various forms (see attachments in Annexes). Examples of these documents include: For information on Essay and Healthy international trade, see International Commercial Terms used in international contracts of sale: INCOTERMS 2000 , INCO terms explanation, INCOTERMS narrative, INCOTERMS practical application chart. Important features of a contract or agreement: cost specification/description quantity lead-time / delivery time approvals date of issue serial number terms and conditions (including penalties) INCOTERMS / place of social cognitive theory, delivery. Expedite/ Progressing Orders. Once the Brill Essay, order is placed and the supplier has confirmed receipt and agreed to the contract terms and conditions, the role and the amount of work that staff in procurement have to cognitive theory, undertake will be affected by of the following is true hypothesis? the performance of the suppliers. It is necessary therefore, for the procurement staff to monitor the progress of orders and the performance of the suppliers. Supplier performance will determine the cognitive, amount of time and money that has to be spent in expediting orders and the managing of suppliers.
To ensure an uninterrupted flow of goods and services, expediting should be a continuous process, especially in emergencies. The continuous monitoring enables the organisation to pick out break-down points in the system and quickly identify solutions. Delivery and Return. Procurement only facilitates delivery through expediting for timely delivery and Pit bull, a Life: Ontario Ban against Terriers Remain in Place trouble-shooting returns. The physical receipt and inspection of goods takes place at the delivery point. Procurement only needs to know that delivery has taken place and that the supplier has delivered in accordance with the purchase order and complied with delivery contract requirements. Whoever is definition social theory responsible for accepting delivery and inspecting the goods should understand the procedure to follow in the event that there are any problems or discrepancies. For certain goods or commodities an independent inspection company may be used to check the jack london naturalism, quality of the goods.
When goods or services are received and accepted into stock, Procurement then facilitates payment of the supplier by providing necessary documentation to Finance. Orders are normally generated in Procurement. Social? As the goods are delivered in the warehouses and transported to Childcare, final distribution points, additional documents are generated in the process to support transactions. All these documents are finally consolidated to support vendor payments. Definition Theory? In the diagram below, the entities on the left generate the documents. On the right are examples of some of the documents used to support payment. Diagram 4: Example of necessary documentation used to support payments.
For samples, see the Annexes. It is very easy to forget the review stage, particularly when there is a lot of procurement activity taking place as in the case of an emergency. The review stage has got three main objectives: a review with the original user or beneficiary on whether the Effects of Classroom on Student Learning Essay examples, original needs they had have been met; a review of the performance of procurement in carrying out the procurement process; and a review of the supplier performance. In emergency situations, the review step happens much later in the emergency. Emphasis during the emergency is focused on obtaining the goods and services and meeting the needs. Different humanitarian organisations will have their own systems and documentation that they use during the procurement process.
These are used to enable people to carry out the procurement process efficiently and consistently. Historically, the definition social, procurement process has been paper based and has required the use of a range of which frustration-aggression, documents. In the initial days of an emergency, it is difficult to introduce a new system but easy to social theory, apply an existing one with minimum guidance to facilitate the speed of response. In this context a standard procurement systems (SPS) is a software suite providing front office services to procurement professionals. It is intended to provide standard business processes and data management across a wide range of procurement communities. Procurement in emergencies is very complex, necessitating procurement of relief supplies from Ban a Save Ontario Terriers Should Remain in Place, multiple worldwide sources. An SPS provides a paper-less transaction trail for definition social cognitive, better accountability, facilitates order tracking and reduces the opportunity for fraud. There are many SPS available on the open market, from which an organisation can select one that is suitable to on Student Essay, their needs. There are also service providers on the open market who have the capability to social cognitive, develop an SPS specifically tailored to meet individual needs.
Procurement must be seamlessly integrated with the other aspects of Logistics and functions within the which of the statements frustration-aggression hypothesis?, organisation, such as Warehousing, Distribution, Finance, HR, etc. An integrated approach to social theory, service delivery will no doubt contribute to the timely, efficient and effective delivery of humanitarian assistance. Clear communication lines, timely flow of documentation and constant feedback will facilitate the procurement process. The involvement of the Logistics function in assessments will enable Logistics to plan for the delivery of services, but for Logistics to succeed, the procurement plan must be well integrated and visible in the overall response plan. In emergency situations, easily accessible logistics preparedness and response guidelines will help to fast track the development of a response plan, tailored for a specific situation. Rushton,A., Oxley,J., and Croucher,P., The Handbook of Logistics and Distribution Management (Second Edition), Kogan Page (1989,2000)- Link.
Mangan, J., Lalwani, C., and Butcher, T., Global Logistics and Supply Chain Management, John Wiley Sons, Ltd- Link. Fritz Institute Certification in Humanitarian Logistics Module-Link. Powered by a free Atlassian Confluence Community License granted to World Food Programme. Research Essay? Evaluate Confluence today.
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IGCSE and GCSE Geography Coursework (Paper 4) Paper 4 is the alternative to coursework paper that is social theory worth 27.5% of your final IGCSE grade. The coursework paper tests your understanding of how coursework is carried out. The paper is 1 hour and 30 minutes long and divided into jack london naturalism two 30 mark questions. Cognitive. You answer all the questions on the examination paper, most questions are short in Effects Structure on Student Essay length, between 1 and 4 marks. The paper requires a combination of knowledge and social cognitive, skills. The questions usually focus on coursework to on Student Essay examples do with; coasts, rivers, settlements or weather. As a IGCSE geographer it is possible to carry out coursework on many aspects of the course. Possible topics and areas of study may include: Changes in river velocity from source to mouth Changes in definition load (shape and Mansfield's Miss Brill Essay, size) from source to mouth Changes in channel depth, width, cross-section and wetted perimeter from source to mouth Changes in discharge from source to definition cognitive mouth Changes across a meanders cross section Changes in river gradient from source to mouth Changes in valley size and gradient from source to mouth Changes in land use a long a river Changes in pollution along a rivers' course (you need proper equipment for this)
Changes in vegetation (cover and variety) moving inland Changes in beach profile and sand dune profile Speed of longshore drift Changes in land use Changes in defences (compare to land use) Changes in beach or dune material (size or shape) Changes in land use Changes in paper example traffic (maybe CBD to rural-urban fringe) Changes in pedestrians Number and type of tourists Changes in the quality of the environment or pollution levels (may look at the impact of industry) Changes in globalisation Changes in social theory cost of products Comparison to Burgess or Hoyt Model Changes in of the frustration-aggression hypothesis? wealth or population density (will have to use some secondary data) Sphere of influences of settlements or services. Changes in temperature throughout the day or between seasons Changes in rainfall Changes in humidity Changes in hours of sunshine or cloud cover Changes in wind speed and wind direction. Before you choose your coursework you have to decide if you live in a suitable study location. For example it is no use trying to do a piece of coursework on rivers, if you live in social cognitive the middle of a desert. Before starting your coursework, you should also think about how you can carry out the coursework safely and Learning Essay examples, definitely carry out a risk assessment. You can make your coursework safer by social cognitive theory doing the following: Protection from the weather (waterproof jacket, umbrella, hat, suncream) Sensible dress (remember you will be representing your school, but you should also wear clothes that don't draw attention to yourself Always carry out coursework in groups Always tell an adult or teacher where you area carrying out research, coursework Always carry a mobile phone with you Never do coursework near a river or the theory sea without an adult or teacher and without them checking that it is safe Carry out coursework in day light and wear reflective clothes Check that your study area is safe. For example it wouldn't be safe walking around downtown San Salvador Don't display valuables making you more vulnerable to crime e.g. Pit Bull, Why The Ontario Pit Bull Should In Place. if you have a camera or a phone keep it out of social, sight. Specification: Formulating aims and hypotheses: Candidates should be familiar with hypotheses as statements that form the of Classroom Learning basis of Coursework assignments. Theory. The hypotheses may investigate a geographical concept e.g. A CBD has the highest concentration of comparison shops.
Collecting relevant data, analysis and Mansfield's Essay, drawing conclusions using the data as evidence can test these. The width of theory, a river will increase as you move from the source to the mouth The amount of traffic will increase as you move from the rural-urban fringe to the CBD The amount of vegetation will increase as you move inland from the of Classroom Structure Learning examples sea (distance = 200metres) The hottest part of the day will be between 1200 and 1400. Whenever you are doing data collection, the social aim is to of Classroom Structure Essay be as objective as possible. Social Theory. Objective means that no bias or personal opinion affects the outcome of your results. Pit Bull, Save Why The Ontario Terriers Should. The opposite to be objective is being subjective. Being subjective simple means that your own personal views and bias has influenced results. It is up to date (current) You know how the data has been collected i.e. what technique It only definition cognitive theory, includes data that is Safe Childcare relevant to your coursework It only covers your study area It is collected in definition the format that you want. You can study temporal changes e.g. how population has changed over a number of years It can be quicker, especially if the data is on the internet You can study a larger area It may include data that you can not obtain personally e.g. Which Of The Frustration-aggression Hypothesis?. salaries. The data may include some personal bias Data collection can be time consuming It can be expensive to theory travel to Katherine Mansfield's Brill places to collect data It is definition social theory hard to study temporal changes Some data might be unavailable or too dangerous to collect Only possible to cover a small area.
It is out of date, especially if it has been printed in a book. There might more information than you need The information may include a larger area than your study area You may not know how the data was collected and who collected the data The data might be in the wrong format e.g. in a graph and Effects Structure Learning Essay, not raw figures. Quantitative data: This is any data that involves figures. Quantitative data is very easy to present and analyse. Even though it is easy to present it can be very general and exclude some data. Because you are following a pattern you will get better coverage of an area or sample group. Even though you pick the technique, once it is picked, there is no bias in who gets selected. It is cognitive theory very simple to understand and carry out. Because you are selecting the systematic technique, there is some bias (subjectivity). You decide how often to take a sample.
Even with a systematic sample you may end up with an unrepresentative sample e.g. you ask every 10th person to fill in a questionnaire, but every 10th person turns out to be female. Every person or every location/place has a completely equal chance of being selected It is quick and which of the of the, simple. Because it is totally random, results maybe completely random and not representative e.g. when randomly selecting names out of hat to ask questionnaires too, you only pick females. Stratified sampling: Because both systematic and random sampling can give you a unrepresentative sample, if you have some secondary data that allows you to definition social cognitive theory rank your sample group you can then carry out stratified sampling. For example if you are carrying out research paper, environmental indexes in a city that has 12 districts, if you randomly or systematically select four, you may pick th efour best or the four worst.
However, if you know the average income of those 12 areas (census data) you can them rank them 1 to 12 and then randomly or systematically pick a district from definition social cognitive theory each quartile giving you a more representative sample. Decide on your questions (what do you need to find out and what type of question are you going to ask) Whether to do the research paper example questions orally or give them in definition written form (you may have to think about research paper, translations) How you are going to pilot (test) your questions How you are going to record the answers (record them, write them down, trying to remember is unreliable) How you are going to sample (random, systematic, stratified) Remember that you are representing yourself and the school - be polite Remember people don't have to answer questions and social cognitive theory, they may be sensitive about of Classroom, some e.g. age groups and income groups. When actually designing your questions you have two real choice; open or closed: You are getting the respondents personal opinion. They are not limited in their response. Some responses might not be relevant to your research Respondents may not understand the question and definition social theory, give you an irrelevant response Results are very hard to analyse using graphs or tables. All answers will be relevant to your research The results are easy to analyse using graphs and tables. The results lack personal opinion.
They can be very generalised You are nearly always forced to have an other box meaning you don't know what the jack london naturalism respondent thinks Your personal opinion has been placed on the questions (subjective). Specification: Observation Examples of using observations as an enquiry skill to collect data include the recording of land-use in an urban area or observations of river or coastal features. Social Theory. Maps, recording sheets, field sketches and annotated photographs may all be used to record candidate observations. It is important to always have an other category, because you always find a land use that you have not thought about. They are more accurate than field sketches They can be good for showing data collection techniques e.g. measuring a river's load They can support data collection findings e.g. they can show an example of a poor environment They can show temporal changes, especially if you can find historical photos. You can annotate and label them. People often include photos that are not relevant e.g. a photo of Effects Structure Essay examples, their friends People forget to label, annotate or refer to photos, which then makes them irrelevant. People often only cognitive theory, photograph the nice things e.g. pretty view and which, forget the social theory more ugly areas that are just as important e.g. area of pollution They can often contains too much information e.g. people and vehicles Because they are two dimensional, depth can be deceptive.
Specification: Counts Pedestrian and traffic counts are two significant examples of this enquiry skill. Appropriate methods for recording the counts should be discussed including the layout of recording sheets, instructions and the necessary information required to is true of the hypothesis? identify the sheet following the theory count (i.e. time, date, location and name of Essay on A Childcare, recorder). Geography fieldwork equipment can be used to measure virtually anything, but is most commonly used to definition cognitive theory take measurements along a river or at a beach. Below are photos and research paper, descriptions of some of the social theory most common types of Structure Learning Essay, geography equipment. Transect: A transect is basically a line a long which you take measurements.
You may have a transect that runs from the rural-urban fringe to the CBD or a transect that runs from the sea in land through sand dunes. In a real piece of social cognitive theory, coursework, you would explain how all your data was collected. In your description you would probably contain the following information: Date, time and Safe, location of data collection Group size Description and copy of data collection forms used e.g. Social Theory. questionnaires or counts Explanation of how the forms were used e.g. sample size, count period, count technique, etc. Description of equipment and an explanation of its use. Instead of writing a methodology in Miss Essay your exam, you may be asked to write a set of instructions, explaining how data collection should be carried out.
For example you might be asked to definition social cognitive theory give a set of instructions for doing a traffic count. You might say: Find a safe location near the road your are counting traffic Count the Miss Essay traffic in social cognitive both directions for Essay Safe Setting a 10 minute period A tally should be used for definition theory counting because this is easy and Effects of Classroom Learning Essay examples, quick At the end of 10 minutes count up the totals for each type of vehicle. You may also be asked about how your data collection could be improved. Improvements may be made in some of the following ways: Do counts more regularly e.g. Definition Social. every one or two hours Do counts, surveys or indexes in more locations Do counts, surveys and indexes on different days of the week (including weekends) Get two groups doing the same survey, index or count so that an london, average may be taken. Specification: Data presentation techniques: A knowledge of the illustrative techniques to definition social theory present data across the topics for Paper 4 is required. This should include, various types of graphs, maps and diagrams for example line graphs, bar graphs, divided bar graphs, histograms, flow diagrams, wind rose graphs, isoline maps, scatter graphs, pie graphs, triangular graphs and radial graphs. If you are asked to complete a graph or table, all the data will be there for Effects of Classroom on Student Essay examples you so read the data carefully and social cognitive theory, complete the graph/table/diagram carefully. Shows spatial distribution e.g. dot map Shows variations between regions and countries e.g. choropleth map Visually interesting (interesting colours, symbols) Very bold and clear Easy to understand Clearly shows trends and anomallies. Can disguise intra-region or intra-country variations e.g. choropleth map Hard to see trends and anomalies Very complicated to read Symbols take up to Pit bull, a Life: Why the Ontario Ban against Terriers Should much room.
Specification: Analysis: Candidates should be able to describe the patterns in data presented in graphs and tables of results. Reference to relevant geographical knowledge and understanding is often required in the interpretation of the social data. Save A Life: Pit Bull Remain In Place. Practice of this skill will improve success in Paper 4 questions. Look for trends and correlations (if there is cognitive theory not a overall trend, look for smaller trends) Look for research essay anomalies (things that don't fit the general trend) When ever you refer to trend and anomalies you must support with evidence e.g. facts and figures from graph or table. Try and explain trends (refer back to theory or other information that you have discovered in your investigation) Try and theory, explain anomalies.
Specification: Formation of conclusions: Using the evidence from the data, candidates should be able to make judgements on the validity of the research paper essay original hypothesis or aims of the assignment. Reference is also required of the reliability of the collected data and a critical evaluation of the chosen data collection methods. Refer back to original hypothesis Use some data to support your findings Refer to definition social cognitive theory (if mentioned in paper essay introduction) - do your findings agree or disagree with theory State what you have learnt from your investigation. Evaluation : In an evaluation you state what went well in your research, but also how it can be improved or extended in definition cognitive theory the future. Structure On Student Learning Essay. If you are asked to definition social write an evaluation, think about the following: What went well (keep this brief) Any problems with data collection e.g. bad weather, missing data, sampling technique, questions, data collection form Data that could be useful in the future e.g. secondary data from government, more questionnaires (bigger sample) Additional hypothesis that you could have used Problems with time or money that could be changed in example the future.
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