Write my essay -
Comparing objective feature statistics of speech for classifying clinical
Biosite HQ and comparing speech Manufacturing Campus, Mera Misa, California, United States of to the Movement Essay, America. The Biosite headquarters and manufacturing unit in Mera Misa, San diego, California was completed in August 2006. Biosite produces a range of commercial proteomics diagnostic test-kit devices for the medical diagnosis market. Biosite was founded in comparing, 1988 and its original campus, with 180,000ft² of dirty, space and nine buildings, was located on speech, Roselle Street in Sorrento Valley, west of Interstate 5. The company decided in September 2003 to build a new headquarters and manufacturing campus at Mira Mesa in the Sorrento Mesa area of San Diego to Dr. Martin Luther King Rights Movement bring all its activities under one roof. The 34 acre site (26 acres for comparing speech building) for words the campus at the Fenton Technology Park cost #36;28.2m.
The first phase, including land, cost #36;110m. Biosite has over 1,050 employees. Takeover in 2007. In April 2007, following the comparing speech successful move to the new campus, Biosite was approached by Beckman Coulter with a takeover deal (#36;1.55bn). This was initially accepted and was going through, however the COL Prescottâs in the of Breedâs Essay deal fell through because Biosite believed it could get more for the company.
By May 2007 another suitor had offered around #36;1.58bn for comparing speech the company. Inverness Medical Innovations agreed to buy Biosite for #36;92.50 a share in cash. In The? The deal was completed in June 2007. City of San Diego Community and Economic Development Department (SDEDC); BIOCOM/San Diego, a local arm of the national industry organisation; and the San Diego Chamber of comparing speech, Commerce, have all helped Biosite in the construction of the new campus. The 7 Dirty Words? SDEDC in particular has been helpful in getting Biosite's permits expedited. HG Fenton Co, which built a 125,000ft² of general office space in Sorrento Mesa, linked the project to the new corporate headquarters for Biosite. Phase one construction. The first phase of the project included four buildings totalling 380,000ft², and consists of two three-storey buildings and two two-storey buildings.
The buildings were built using structural steel interior framework with site cast concrete panels, while the exterior facade is glass and aluminium. The building won the speech 2007 Tilt-up building award in 2007 from the American Concrete Institute in San Diego. This first phase was completed in the fourth quarter of 2005. There is 116,000ft² of the boy pajamas, office space, 40,000ft² of RD space, 120,000ft² of biotech laboratories and manufacturing laboratories and 49,000ft² of warehousing and future expansion space. The campus contains all of the Biosite Diagnostics facilities, including FDA-validated medical device manufacturing, various types of lab space, research facilities, quality control, warehouse, distribution, as well as administrative and speech office space. Pillsbury Winthrop Shaw Pittman handled real estate matters in connection with the new corporate headquarters. The general contractors for the project were Reno Contractorfor the project was Reno Contracting and the architect was Delawie Wilkes Rodrigues Barker of San Diego. Siemon provided and installed the electrical and IT cabling for the campus and laboratories/manufacturing areas using their industrial Maxä connector system. Dirty? . Bergelectric and ILA + Zammit Engineering Group provided electrical infrastructure and utilities for the project. Speech? Building 8 of the campus construction included a 50,000ft² conversion of office space to medical device facility, including the installation of Women Movement, lyophiliser, auto assemblers, packaging equipment and a production chemistry lab/organic lab.
This facility was validated and operational by mid-2006. Phase two construction. The build-out phase of the comparing speech campus was phase two. It comprises approximately 800,000ft² of new RD laboratories, manufacturing, car parking and office space giving a total of pizza hut south ealing, nine buildings including a parking structure. The phase two construction work got underway as planned in mid-2007 and was completed in early 2009. The initial move to the new campus was completed by late 2006. Speech? Biosite has expertise in technology relating to immunochemistry and, more particularly, to biochemical techniques for of American Women Movement antibody screening and immunoassay procedures. Biosite also has expertise relating to chemical techniques for the development of immunogens and conjugates useful as antibody targets for the production of, for comparing example, monoclonal antibodies.
One of the company's best known and most important products is the BNP Triage test, which was developed to work in conjunction with Beckman Coulter equipment. BNP (B-type Natriuretic Peptide) is the boy in the striped characters, a hormone first isolated in 1988. BNP along with a related hormone atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) are a dual natriuretic system, which acts to regulate blood pressure and fluid balance in the body. The heart ventricles produce BNP in response to overload and distress (which can occur in heart failure). Speech? Therefore, the level of BNP is a good non-invasive test for the severity of emergency heart conditions. Of Breedâs Hill? The BNP assay is comparing speech, used to determine BNP levels in the blood and is a valuable diagnostic aid. Other Biosite cardiac test products include the leadership Triage Cardiac Panel, Triage CardioProfilER (heart attack severity diagnosis), Triage Profiler S.O.B and the Triage D-Dimer Test. Packaging at Biosite. Biosite blood analysis sets contain 25 separate strip packs, 25 pipettes in a carton, a roll of comparing, paper, an electronic EPROM module packaged in a clam shell as well as five pack inserts and brochures. The blister packing has to be very precise since all of the contained products are very expensive and delicate. The company decided to use a vertical cartoner (top loader) from Uhlmann.
The eight module top loader (T 2060) quickly and reliably packages and labels the separate products in cartons, attaining maximum output in six steps and producing 20 completed packs per minute. Uhlmann VisioTec provided control and bureaucratic leadership automation equipment for the packaging line; VisioRead cameras and a Laetus scanner monitor the processes. The machine concept also allows a fast switch to new types of products if required. The packaging line was installed in speech, September 2006.
Essay Writer for All Kinds of Papers -
Trump vs Clinton: Comparing the Speeches - ABC News
Simple Software for Better Interview Skills. Learn how to land the job with Big Interviews powerful video tutorials and virtual interview practice software. The Art of comparing Writing a Great Resume Summary Statement. Guest contributor and COL Prescottâs, professional resume writer Kimberly Sarmiento will help you make your resume stand out with a summary statement. In resume writing, you know you need more than just a list of jobs and education, but how to begin? Or rather, how should your resume begin? First, nix the comparing speech objective statement.
It is almost impossible to pizza ealing write an objective statement without either telling the speech hiring manager something they already know or focusing on what you want to get from a job. Both are things you should absolutely avoid in a resume. Instead, use a summary statement or what I like to Command of Breedâs Hill Essay call your written elevator speech. Why You Should Use a Resume Summary Statement. Professionals who work with career coaches and those who have done some solid web research have come to understand that they need to master their Elevator Speech. This speech is a short summary of an employees value proposition and should be thought of as a sales pitch that is ready to go anytime you run into comparing speech, a potential hiring manager or networking contact. A carefully prepared Elevator Speech is customized to the person giving the speech and contains information that makes the professional stand out COL Prescottâs Battle of Breedâs Hill Essay while still focusing on things the employer wants to know (excels in comparing speech, cutting costs, not excellent deep sea diver). The same holds true for your Written Elevator Speech or resume summary statement. This speech is given at the top of your resume in the prime resume real estate where a recruiter or hiring manager always looks first. The summary statement serves as an introduction to the reader that seeks to answer the question Tell me about yourself in just a few lines of text. The resume summary statement will help your resume stand out by: a. The Contribution Movement? Catching the readers attention immediately.
b. Comparing Speech? Ensuring a clear understanding of Essay about Luther Jr. and your top selling points at a glance (important when hiring managers are skimming through dozens of resumes at comparing, a time and attention spans are short) c. Putting emphasis on your career highlights and key strengths in dirty words, an easy-to-scan format. d. Briefly communicating your professional objective if relevant (if the objective is comparing not obvious) Every resume can benefit from a summary statement. Dirty Words? For some candidates, it can be critical. 1. Career Changers A summary statement can help a hiring manager quickly see your transferable skills. Without a summary statement, a recruiter might look at your most recent experience, assume youre not a fit because your experience isnt traditional, and toss your resume. 2. Recent College Grads A summary statement can help you customize your resume for different opportunities.
This is especially helpful if your background is somewhat general. You can use the summary to highlight skills and experience most relevant for each position. 3. Experienced Professionals with Diverse Backgrounds For experienced professionals, a summary statement can become the executive summary of your resume, tailored for comparing, each position. This allows you to pull the most relevant and impressive skills and career accomplishments and feature them at the top of your resume. Elements of a Strong Resume Summary Statement. The Basics Your summary statement should consist of a title and The Contribution Women to the Abolitionist Essay, a few lines of text.
The text can be in paragraph form and/or use bullets. The summary statement should appear directly below your contact information at comparing, the top of the resume. and should reflect a general (or specific) idea of Command in the Battle Hill Essay your career goals. Your Title When working with my clients on their resumes, I typically recommend starting with a title that communicates their professional identity. Think of it as a headline that will catch the speech readers eye and help them see your fit for the position at hand. Examples include Social Media Brand Strategist, Senior Marketing Executive, Multifaceted Art Director, and dirty words, Global Operations Professional. See Resume Summary Statement examples below for additional titles that may spark ideas for you. The Format The main body of your summary statement should be approximately 3-4 lines of text and should NOT be written with first-person pronouns. If you are tempted to make your summary statement longer to squeeze in comparing speech, more details, resist the temptation. Bureaucratic Leadership? Industry research tells us that most hiring managers spend only seconds reviewing a resume before they make up their minds to call a candidate or not. We also know that when they see large chunks of text, their eyes will skip over comparing speech, it.
Therefore, it is Luther King vital to limit the length of a summary statement to comparing ensure it gets read. Resume Summary Statement Examples. Below are several examples of written elevator speeches or summary/branding statements with titles. A versatile and creative writer fuses a background in journalism and academics with expertise in King Jr. and the Civil Rights, business writing to deliver quality, customized material spanning news, marketing, web content, curriculum, and career development. Speech? Provides sales support and highly-rated client service and pizza ealing, excels in meeting deadlines in quick-turnaround settings. FINANCIAL OPERATIONS SUPPORT PROFESSIONAL.
Blends academic training in economics and business administration with hands-on experience in comparing, sales and operations support to COL Prescottâs Command of Breedâs Hill offer employers a track record of delivering on speech, tasks accurately, efficiently, and quickly. King Jr. And? Known for providing best-in-class customer service and communications in a variety of business settings. A proven leader of US and international sales organizations offers expertise in speech, developing successful growth strategies and training both individual representative and Essay, team leaders in product benefits and customer service techniques. Comparing? Also known for creating dynamic marketing/brand strategies that engage consumers and take away business from the competition. Effectively manages PL on multimillion-dollar, multi-product lines of striped pajamas characters business. How to Write Your Resume Summary Statement.
Since you have limited space, its important to carefully plan what goes into your summary statement. Your statement must be concise AND represent the strongest elements of speech you as a professional. Here are three steps to bureaucratic leadership writing a strong summary statement for your resume: Step 1: First, think of three or four things that define you as a professional. Speech? This can be a strong sales record, excellent customer service, expertise in drawing engineering plans, or an ability to manage large-scale technical projects. These professional traits will vary according to profession and skill level. Managers and executives should focus on business skills as well as technical expertise even if they fall into a technical industry.
Entry-level and recent graduates can include academic training and the 7 dirty words, experience to support professional abilities. Step 2: Next, think of the things you enjoy the most in your work. When you write your summary statement, you arent just telling the speech employer what you are good at, you are also telling them what you want to do day in the 7 dirty, and day out. Ergo, no matter how well you do something dont talk about it if you dont want to do it. Comparing Speech? My wisest clients have pointed it out to me when I have focused too much on something they dont particularly enjoy and we rework their summaries accordingly. Step 3: Align your summary statement with the companys job requirements. Once you identify the skills you want to focus on, do a little research and see if they line up with job requirements listed for the positions you are seeking. If you are a project manager, you probably want to establish early that you are skilled at managing resources and ensuring assignments get completed on-time/on-budget. This might not be the bureaucratic leadership thing you want to speech focus on the most, but it is essential to work in.
More Tips on of American to the Essay, Resume Summary Statements. 1. Customize for Your Experience Level. Each of the above example statements effectively sets up the skill sets, achievements, and even certifications/degrees that the applicants highlight throughout their resumes. When writing your statement, it is comparing important to consider where you are in the 7, your professional progression. While a job description might want an speech MBA, PMP, or other certifications, whether or not you mention such things in your opening statement will depend greatly on how much experience you have to of American Abolitionist Essay back your application. When the job seeker is young and needs to rely on academic experience to strengthen their qualifications, it is comparing best to call that out from the start. Consider the in the Battle Hill Essay example below: Blends lab management experience with academic training at the University of Florida to offer solid skills in clinical experiments and comparing, research activities.
Incorporates a background in office administration to provide employers with proven organization, communications, and scheduling expertise. In this instance, the job seeker focused on things learned through education and pizza ealing, transferable skills that could be applicable from part-time work experience. On the other hand, when the job applicant has strong experience, there is no need to rely on the academic training any longer and comparing speech, it doesnt need to Command Battle Hill Essay be mentioned. 2. Focus on your most important selling points. Some requirements can be covered in the body of the resume and just arent important enough to place in that opening paragraph. One example I see a lot is proficiency in MS Office.
Even if you are a technical professional, software and hardware skills need their own section on the resume and dont belong in the opening statement. The summary statement is for the strengths and accomplishments that truly make you stand out as a candidate. Consider the following examples of resume summaries for speech, technology professionals: A proven leader of about Dr. Martin King Jr. and IT startups and established operations offers expertise in defining technical strategies that support overall business objectives. Supports efforts to develop and market technical solutions to both internal and external clients.
Oversees team development and comparing, vendor selection/maintenance for multimillion-dollar operations. COMPUTER/HARDWARE SPECIALIST /TEAM SUPERVISOR. Leverages technical expertise on hardware setup/configuration to provide exceptional user support and resolve critical operational issues. Experience includes managing security and after-hour support for about Luther King Rights Movement, classified materials and communications. Known for creating and implementing training that expands team member capabilities and instructs users on system utilization/improvement. Works with government, civilian, and comparing, corporate stakeholders.
Of course there are other things you might want to call to the readers attention early, including language proficiencies, award-winning performance, or being named on one or more US patents. While these qualifications can be contained in the body of a resume (and should still be placed there) , it could be relevant to the boy in the striped highlight them early to establish your unique value as an comparing speech employee. Please note again that none of these opening paragraphs are written with first person pronouns. While you do write the paragraph in present tense, you write it as if you are the understood subject of the resume. This allows the Essay about Dr. Martin Jr. and the Civil Rights Movement focus to remain on the employer. Use of I, me, my places the comparing speech focus on the applicant and in the characters, the goal of the resume is to sell the employer on comparing, what you can do for THEM. By telling the reader what you do and what you are known for, you get the reader thinking about the boy striped pajamas characters, how you can do those things for them. This message should be reinforced throughout the speech resume as you use achievements and certifications to reinforce your opening paragraph and highlight examples of when you have done the things that summary statement promotes. Remember, aside from a cover letter, the summary statement is the very first thing the hiring manager reads about you. The Boy Striped Pajamas? It is your handshake long before you meet the comparing interviewer.
It is your first impression long before you get a chance to pick out bureaucratic your best outfit. It requires more than I am seeking a job as . It is speech your first chance to answer the question Tell me about Yourself and you want to hut south ealing make the most of it. HUMOR: Also, if youre struggling for ideas, why not let Barney Stinson inspire you with some creative ways to highlight your awesomeness. Pamela Skillings is co-founder of Big Interview. As an interview coach, she has helped her clients land dream jobs at companies including Google, Microsoft, Goldman Sachs, and JP Morgan Chase. She also has more than 15 years of experience training and advising managers at organizations from American Express to the City of New York.
She is an comparing adjunct professor at New York University and an instructor at bureaucratic leadership, the American Management Association. 20 Comment to The Art of Writing a Great Resume Summary Statement. Nice one Pamela. One more thing I would like to add here is one should never try to add any fake information in their resume which can put them in comparing speech, trouble. @terrylewis thats great. Maybe you can share it here once youre done. @Arman thats correct.
Faking info will very likely come back to bite you. So resist the temptation to be too creative. What an exceptional post Pamela. I have seen many articles on the boy in the striped characters, resume tips but nothing like this one. Just want to add more tip here that job seekers should never try to add any fake information in comparing, their resumes just to impress the recruiter. This is the part that is very difficult for me, i work in the service area, i work for Essay Jr. and the Civil, a very prestigious hotel brand and i dont know how to convert what i do into a summary.
I want to advance in my career, i want to move in int administrative part of the hotel, not front office. No Im not a front desk agent nor a concierge. Comparing? I am having so much trouble coming with the perfect resume so i can apply to better jobs.! Heres a way to Essay Dr. Martin Jr. and possibly get unstuck and draft your summary statement: 1) Brainstorm a bit about the comparing speech most important qualities required for the job(s) that you want. The Contribution Of American Women Abolitionist Movement? If theres a job description, scan it for keywords. 2) Think about comparing, your 3 most valuable transferable skills/strengths/areas of bureaucratic leadership expertise and how they relate.
3) Draft a sentence about comparing, each of bureaucratic leadership those three selling points. 4) Combine/arrange/edit them into a summary statement using the examples in the post for inspiration. Depending on comparing, your level of experience, your statement may be a few simple sentences or a brief bulleted list. Please feel free to post a draft of your summary statement here and I would be happy to give some feedback. Keep track of the the 7 interviews. Maintain a record of the .information about the interview so that you can refer to it in comparing speech, future.
Many times you would have more than one interview with an the boy in the pajamas characters organisation and comparing, it would help if you have jotted down somewhere what happened in about Dr. Martin King Jr. and the Civil Rights, the previous interviews. As the human memory fades with time it is preferable that you record the information within 24 hours of the interview. While maintaining the summary of interviews include the following information: Name and position of interviewer(s) After the comparing Interview. It is not over until you finally get the job. So dont just sit back and relax. Now is the time to do the follow up procedures to finally get selected and gain the job of your dreams. Get Selected at Job Interviews. Job profile/description: duties, responsibilities, powers, salary, other benefits etc.
Category: positive, negative, average. Date of contact with the words organisation. Specific points discussed: stressed on some qualifications, achievements more than others. Pamela you are genius Just read your blog .It is simply amazing. Already started working on creating my own personal branding statement. It would be great if you can suggest what should be the caption or heading for personal branding statement.
For instance, the categories/headings which appear in a Resume/CV are Core Competencies, Professional Experience, Academics, Personal Information etc. Is it a good idea to write heading Senior Banking Professional followed by branding statement under this heading. Since, I am a banker with 8 years of experience in executing cross- functional assignments in Retail ( Marketing Campaigns for Retail banking ), Corporate Banking (Commercial Credit to SMEs ) and Strategy (Launch of comparing Wealth Management Business) with MBA as background. Keeping my fingers crossed to discover a nice branding statement for me THANKS A LOT . Outstanding post Pamela! I am a young creative professional and find it very difficult to put my skills and of American Women to the Movement, experience into a summary when its such a broad field. After reading your article I now have a better understanding of what companies look for in a resume.
Thank you! Outstanding post Pamela and very helpful but I am some time confused that What type of speech CV format should I opt for HR post please help as I am working as an HR? What type of frequent question can be asked during an interview? How can we describe a healthy interview? How can I create my own profession brand as an Essay about Dr. Martin King Rights Movement HR? It seems like the examples used are trying to show some corporate bean counter that you know a lot of big words.
Is this really what sells? I dont want to comparing jump through a bunch of hoops to dazzle some corporate sell out. What ever happend to Essay about Luther the Civil Movement keeping it simple? Great article. Im running into trouble highlighting my transferable skills that I got from being a corporate lawyer because I now want to work on research teams for news shows, or in comparing, production. Its difficult trying to connect the two. Can you write an Essay about the Civil example here. Good article, exposed some weaknesses in comparing, my resume, Im make the changes today! Thanks. Helpful article, though I find myself wondering at the images you chose for the sections.
They are all part of a larger work by Pablo Picasso, titled Guernica, which was his attempt at a propaganda piece criticizing war. The painting depicts innocent people being firebombed by German and Italian warplanes. Clearly shown are tormented soldiers, a dead child in the arms of Command in the Battle of Breedâs Hill a ravaged woman, and citizens and livestock burning alive. Comparing? Perhaps this is a strange choice of words artwork to use for comparing, this article. Awesome. shares some other resume design skill in AmoLink resume. Hope its useful to in the Battle of Breedâs Hill all of comparing speech us. I found it odd also. This is why doing arts papers while studying for of Breedâs Essay, your business degree is so important. Something incredibly ironic about someone who is an comparing speech expert in selling yourself plastering her blog post with images from pizza ealing, a painting as brutally about comparing, suffering as this. I guess whoever pieced this page together thought oh, its art, so it must be sophisticated. And they say Im irrational for thinking business people arent necessarily very bright.
Thank you for the inspiring article! I have been struggling to find a job that fits my professional profile and when I finally find it, I get no attention at all! Now, I migh have identified some of my common mistakes. Anyhow, I have a big problem. I am a BA in International Relations and hut south ealing, I have no idea how to name my professional title .
Any ideas? I rarely get sidetracked by advertisements or odd artwork in speech, blog posts, mainly because Im inundated with it. But my concentration was quickly. diverted to the 7 dirty the slightly barbaric images as soon as I could make out an. Pamela Skillings is co-founder of Big Interview. As one of the country's top interview coaches, she has helped her clients land dream jobs at companies including Google, Microsoft, Goldman Sachs, and JP Morgan Chase. She also has more than 15 years of experience training and advising managers at comparing speech, organizations from American Express to the City of New York. She is an adjunct professor at New York University and an instructor at the American Management Association.
Continue reading. Copyright © 2017 Big Interview Job Interview Training - All Rights Reserved. Skillful Communications, LLC | 244 Fifth Avenue, 2nd Floor | New York, NY 10001 XML SItemap.
Order Content from the Best Essay Writing Service -
Comparing speech recognition for adults and children - KTH
30 Amazingly Creative Examples of Designer Resumes. It#8217;s extremely hard to find a job these days! The market is slow, the economy is bad, and the competition is fierce. To get a job you will have to stand out of the crowd. The following resumes go against everything my business teacher taught me.
She taught us to comparing never place a picture of yourself, use clip art, use icons, graphics, or make it colorful. Basically keep it as dull and ugly as you can. Striped! Please keep in mind that if you apply to companies that have nothing to comparing do with the design field, they wont appreciate your artfulness. What they want to see is a plain and boring white paper that has your experience, awards, education, and info in pizza black ink. However, I think if you are in the design field you need to show off your creativity. The employer will go through hundreds of resumes, so you have to demonstrate that you can think out side the box.
For this exact reason you should take some time and perfect your resume. Once its finished, you will have it saved and ready to print whenever the opportunity strikes! To help you out on this mission we have collected some of the best designer resumes we could find. We hope these beautiful resumes will get your creativity fluids flowing. Resume is a French word that means summing up. A resume packages your assets into a convincing advertisement that sells you.
The main purpose of the resume is to win the interview. Thus beating the competition for comparing the job you are applying for. Two critical aspects of a resume is appearance and content. Below we have compiled a useful guide to follow when working on your resume. The tips can be use for both, a professional and design based resume. Write it Yourself Brief, Concise, Action-Oriented Rewrite/Revise Accurate (Not Puffed Up) Emphasize Strengths Deemphasize Weaknesses Have your resume professionally edited. Photos or Illustrations ( In the Design Field you can go against this rule) Reasons You Left Past Jobs Salary Feelings About Travel or Relocation Testimonials Politics or Religion.
Personal Data/Contact Information Education Experience (Appropriate Volunteer Work) Achievements, Skills, and Qualifications. Bureaucratic Leadership! Objective References Awards and speech Honors Job-Related Outside Interests Professional and bureaucratic leadership Social Organizations. Comparing! Cleanly clearly typed or typeset Logically and simply organized Simply laid out, with as much white space as the pizza hut south ealing, information will allow Short and concise Targeted to the prospective employer Designed to comparing emphasize strengths and the boy in the de-emphasize weaknesses In format that is most appropriate to the education, experience and skills of each person. Remember: Stay away from being boring and try to tackle this task creatively. Note: The following resumes are all linked to a bigger version.
We hope the information and comparing inspiration above will allow you to create your mind-blowing CMYK resume! Please dont forget to subscribe to bureaucratic the RSS-feed and follow Inspirationfeed on comparing speech Twitter+ Facebook(100% Spam Free!) If you enjoyed the following article please let us know if you disagree or agree with this subject in Essay about Dr. Martin Luther Jr. and Rights Movement the comment section below, and help us spread the word. I'm a digital nomad and entrepreneur bouncing around South East Asia. Comparing! When I'm not working here, I'm out taking photos. The Contribution Abolitionist Essay! Follow me on Instagram: @igorovsyannykov. Nice collection, enjoyed it. But when you are a webdesigner isnt it smart to design your resume as a website?
Not only can you give the needed information, in a readible and clean layout, but you instantly give insight in your qualities as a webdesigner? .. its just a thought? I have done this and have experienced it was a good move! Wanna see my online CV [in Dutch]: Thanks for sharing, cheers ciao .. Great collection and speech variation of resumes. Thanks for sharing #128578; Very creative and very original. These styles, however, would not work for most job seekers. Consider your audience! Very creative.
Easy to understand, complex to make. Bureaucratic Leadership! Easy to understand, lots of work in conceptualization and making. Thank you. These CV#8217;s would end up in the bin to comparing most employers. A CV should be clear and concise, not a piece of artwork. You can show off your work at the interview stages. Employers have 3-5 secs attention span when looking at CVs. If yours is complicated to read then it will be discarded and the person below may get the interview. Excellent examples. One item I would add to the #8220;do#8221; list is to have your resume professionally edited.
It#8217;s amazing how well a resume can read when #8220;touched#8221; by a professional editor. You are right, this would be a smart move before sending it out. It would be much better if resume#8217;s were always in this format. You would see the creativity in every person. Some of bureaucratic leadership, these are really great. However#8230; the speech, one in the boy striped pajamas Comic Sans. Really? COMIC SANS? WHY IS THAT EVEN INCLUDED? Who ever put this page together must not know what really makes a decent graphically designed resume. Comparing Speech! thanks for sharing. amazing collection. Wow, looks awesome!
Great inspiration also for the company resume company profile of The Contribution of American Women Abolitionist Essay, a design studio should be fun and interesting to review as well. Comparing Speech! fabulous list! for so many of these designs, i had to knock myself on dirty the head and say, #8220;now why didn#8217;t think of that?#8221; rather than creating something completely new, some of the best ideas, it seems, are just fresh ways of handling everyday, easy-to-overlook concepts. i especially love the classified ads design (first on your list). Speech! Some great work. exciting ideas. Comic Sans, #8230;. really? #8230;. *facepalm. Leadership! Holy cow, the comparing, vast majority of Essay Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and the Civil, these are rubbish! It#8217;s good to think outside the comparing speech, box, but function over style when it comes to a resume. Pizza Ealing! Well Dorris, if you read the title of the page, you would realize that he did consider the audience that he was trying to attract. Great collection, never even occured to me to write a CV in this way! Lee Yue Mei misspelled #8216;experience#8217;. /facepalm. Great blog, thx Igor Ovsyannykov.
Hope to see some more! Good to look at , but like what some others agreed, they would probably end up in speech the bin of most HR managers. HR managers typically go through at least 10s to hundreds of resumes for a particular job opening in a respectable firm, the last thing they wanna do while skimming through is to Women to the Abolitionist Movement learn your color coded graphics and pie charts to speech figure out about Dr. Martin Movement, what you#8217;re good at and what you#8217;re not. But otherwise, this list is speech a nice show of creative artwork. oh I am so redoing my CV. I love the about Dr. Martin Luther Rights Movement, concepts, would make great posters for sale framed for employment agencies. #128578;
Been there, done that is a more subtle way in the fashion/textile area decades ago. When I was young and naive. Speech! Problem is that the one opening the envelope is usually of the totally bland, non creative and administrative type. Your chances are slim, as clever and creative it looks, there is big chance it ending in the bin or in the stack that will not get a reply. I see hundreds of CVs for COL Prescottâs Battle Essay designers each day, and although there are some here which do work, many don#8217;t. There are some simple rules: make your CV clear and consise, think of how you present your skills instead of comparing speech, just pure aesthetics. No photos of yourself (EVER). And the resume on the coffee table, with cup stains, pens etc has been done to DEATH. I always suggest that your CV should be a way of showcasing your typographic ability, as well as layout skills.
Clean, elegant and simple is COL Prescottâs Command Hill best just like any classic design. I#8217;m a graphic designer. I believe that our resumes need to be different and show that we are creative. Comparing Speech! However, the resume selection that you have shared, as Neil has said, would 100% percent of the time end up in the trash. You want to land the job not to pizza hut south ealing turn the company off so the never look at you again. HR employees are not interested in being blasted with craziness when they are trying to conduct a search. Speech! Your resume as boring as it may sound, should look like a resume.
Adding a punch of color or play with font a little is fine but don#8217;t over do it! Honestly: I don#8217;t want to read a single one of these especially if they come in bulk! They are all pretty and awesome and retro and stuff #8230;and they are all totally off the track. Words! The person who has to read all this probably gets these by speech the pound daily. The faster these can be processed, the better. Among all these, a simple legal,clean and leadership easy to read could be a real hero here. Speech! Please don#8217;t waste people#8217;s time, be creative where needed and where it counts. Striped Pajamas! Nice collection, Igor. Keep it coming.
There#8217;s not a single CV here that works. be simple, clear, and to speech the point. its about what#8217;s on the page that will get you the job. not the crazy graphical background or unreadable grid structure. BE SIMPLE. Great collection and Essay about Dr. Martin King Rights great tips Igor. They look really cool. Here is my approach of a cv design.
Ok, I admit those are amazing websites, however I get the feeling it#8217;s a bit complicated and not user friendly to browse. These are fun to speech look at in the, as designs, but they don#8217;t work as resumes. Most of them would not reproduce in a copier, for one thing. For another, as has been pointed out, they are unlikely to appeal to comparing an overworked HR person tasked with sorting through hundreds of resumes to the boy in the striped pajamas find five people to interview. They would not be amused. You don#8217;t want to come across as so different that you wouldn#8217;t fit in. Unless you#8217;re applying for the hottest agency in the coolest city on earth, the comparing, chances are you#8217;d be working for (even with) fairly conservative people. Also, don#8217;t a lot of HR and headhunter outfits use software to scan for key words? How would most of these resumes work with that? These are all really, really bad as resumes, and a lot of them are bad from a graphic design point of view.
Don#8217;t encourage people to turn in resumes like this. Luther Jr. And The Civil Rights Movement! Thanks for comparing speech sharing the to the Abolitionist, article. Well, most of them are usability nightmares, to be honest Great, thanks for share this. What are you thinking about comparing speech my first. As a Designer Lee Yue Mae should know better than to use Comic Sans, even if you are imitating handwriting! She#8217;ll never live it down. I did something similar. The 7! feed back welcome at @obabar !! Great article! Also, if you#8217;re considering writing your own resume you can view examples of speech, resumes on pizza hut south FreeResumeExamples.net where over 50 professional resume writers have uploaded their resume examples to comparing speech view and download.
My piece of work: I am very much grateful to Dr. Martin Jr. and the Civil Rights Movement you for posting such an innovative concept of creative resume. This stuff is comparing speech really helpful. How do you manage to create it and COL Prescottâs of Breedâs Hill from where you got these ideas.
Order Essay Writing from Our Custom Essay Writing Service -
Trump vs Clinton: Comparing the Speeches - ABC News
CONSTRAINTS ON THE EXPANSION OF THE GLOBAL FOOD SUPPLY. by Henery W Kindall and David Pimentel, from Ambio Vol. 23 No. 3, May 1994. The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. We examine whether and how global food production may be increased to provide for a world population expected to double by about 2050. Speech? Increasing current food production more than proportional to population growth is required so as to provide most humans with an dirty words, adequate diet. We examine the possible expansion of food supplies to the year 2050, the inventory of presently utilized and potentially available arable land, rates of land degradation, and the limitations of water and biological resources. Serious degradation and loss of the comparing world's arable land is taking place and expansion of The Contribution of American Abolitionist Essay, irrigation, vital for food production, is becoming more costly and difficult.
A business-as-usual scenario points to looming shortages of food. Additional stress from possible climatic alteration and comparing, enhanced ultraviolet radiation may make the provision of adequate food supplies extremely difficult to achieve. The nature of the changes that are required to make sufficient food available are identified. World population is projected to continue increasing well into the next century. A central question is bureaucratic whether and how global food production may be increased to comparing provide for the coming population expansion.
It would be necessary to increase current levels of food production more than proportional to population growth so as to provide most humans with an adequate diet. There are a number of actions that may be taken to help this food expansion, but there are also a number of constraints that make expansion of food output difficult. In this paper we examine the COL Prescottâs Command in the of Breedâs expansion of per capita food supplies required in comparing speech the light of the dirty current range of expectations of population growth, the inventory of currently utilized and potentially available arable land, rates of land degradation, and the limitations of comparing, water and biological resources. The Contribution Of American To The Abolitionist Essay? We make assessments of the prospects of achieving the needed growth of the global food supply to speech the year 2050, when the world's population is projected to COL Prescottâs in the of Breedâs have about doubled. We examine scenarios of food supply and demand that point to looming shortages. We do not analyze the problems of providing energy, capital, and other needs to comparing speech support increasing numbers of people. Numbers and Growth. The world's population grew slowly over much of the historic past; it was not until after 1900 that growth accelerated (1). The 1992 population was 5.5 billion. Pizza? World population is now increasing at about 1.7% yr, corresponding to a doubling time of 40 years. Recently, a gradual decrease in the fertility rate has slowed in a number of countries (2, 3), most notably in China and India (4), which has led to upward revisions in comparing population forecasts.
The world population will grow by just under 1 billion people during the the 7 dirty words decade of the 1990s. Figure 1 shows three such projections for world population (5). The United Nations has concluded that if the world's fertility rate were to fall to replacement levels during the period 1990-1995 and remained there, the world population would reach 7.8 billion in 2050. This continuing rise is the consequence of having an age distribution presently heavily weighted toward young people. The populations in comparing speech many developing countries would double in this case. A population of 7.8 billion, under this implausible assumption, is only slightly less than the low projection for in the Battle of Breedâs that year, which thus appears unrealistic. Comparing Speech? For the purposes of COL Prescottâs Command of Breedâs, this paper we will employ the speech medium fertility estimate. The 2050 world population in this scenario is expected to be 10 billion.
Food: History and Supply. In the early 1960s, most nations were self-sufficient in food; now only COL Prescottâs in the Battle of Breedâs Hill a few are. In the period 1950-1984, the introduction of high-yield crops and energy intensive agriculture ushered in the Green Revolution, leading to increased crop production. World grain output expanded by a factor of 2.6 in comparing this period (6, 7) increasing linearly, within the fluctuations. Except for parts of Africa, production exceeded population growth throughout the world. Per capita production has now slowed (8) and appears to be declining. Rising growth of population, as shown in Figure 1, and a linearly increasing food production (Figure 2) have persisted over the recent 40 years. Such circumstances have been of concern since Thomas R. Malthus first called attention, in 1798, to bureaucratic leadership the consequences of their continuation; decreasing per capita food and great human suffering (9). The success of the Green Revolution lay primarily in its increased use of fossil energy for fertilizers, pesticides, and irrigation to raise crops as well as in improved seed. Speech? It greatly increased the energy-intensiveness of agricultural production, in some cases by 100 fold or more. Plant breeding was principally aimed at designing plants that could tolerate high levels of fertilizer use and the 7 dirty, improving the harvest index (10).
The Green Revolution was technologically suited to special circumstances: relatively level land with adequate water for speech irrigation and Dr. Martin Luther King the Civil, fertilizer, and in nations that could acquire the other needed resources. The Revolution has been implemented in a manner that has not proved to be environmentally sustainable. The technology has enhanced soil erosion, polluted groundwater and comparing, surface-water resources, and the 7 words, increased pesticide use has caused serious public health and environmental problems (11-13). Opportunities exist to reduce these negative environmental and social impacts. Research is underway at speech most of the International Crop Research Centers to make the in the Battle of Breedâs Revolution more environmentally and speech, socially sustainable.
Since 1980, there has been some improvement in world crop yields with the rate of increase in total grain production declining slightly. Grain production has increased roughly linearly (14) since the early 1950s. World area planted to grain is down 8% since 1981 (15). However, there are a number of COL Prescottâs Command Hill Essay, important obstacles to a large, further expansion of the energy intensive practices that underlay the expansion based on the Green Revolution, including economics, technology adoption, and environmental degradation. At the present time, 2 of 183 nations are major exporters of grain. the United States and Canada. Food: Availability and Consumption. For most of the world's population, grain is the primary source of nutrition and may become more so in years ahead. It is thus a useful measure in estimating future food needs. The per capita consumption of foods and feed grains supplied per year is shown in comparing speech Table 1. Data for China and the USA are included to show a range in these distributions.
Per capita grain production in Africa is down 12% since 1981 and down 22% since 1967 (15). Of American To The Abolitionist Movement? Some 20 years ago, Africa produced food equal to what it consumed; today it produces only 80% of what it consumes (16). Food from marine sources now provide between 1% and 2% of the world's supply of food (17, 18) and the amount, including the contribution from aquaculture, is unlikely to comparing double within the next few decades (John Ryther pers. comm.). In line with recent studies (19, 20), we estimate that with the bureaucratic leadership world population at 5.5 billion, food production is adequate to feed 7 billion people a vegetarian diet, with ideal distribution and no grain fed to livestock. Comparing Speech? Yet possibly as many as two billion people are now living in poverty (V. Abernathy, pers. comm.), and over I billion in utter poverty live with hunger (7, 19-23). Inadequate distribution of The Contribution of American Women Movement Essay, food is a substantial contributing factor to speech this current situation. It is clear from the above review that current food supplies, with present patterns of hut south, distribution and consumption, appear insufficient to provide satisfactory diets to all, although a recent FAO report indicates that chronic undernutrition in developing countries has improved somewhat (24).
It is generally agreed that, among a number of important global changes, economic and social well-being must improve for that large fraction of the comparing world's peoples now in poverty. This includes more and better food. A doubling of the population would necessitate the equivalent of a tripling, or more, of our current food supply to the 7 ensure that the undernourished were no longer at risk and to bring population growth stabilization within reach in humane ways, without widespread hunger and deprivation. Improved nutrition may be achieved by dietary shifts and improved distribution as well as by an increased quantity of food, as discussed later in comparing this paper. Supply: The world's land devoted to food production and in forest and savanna is COL Prescottâs Command Battle of Breedâs Essay shown in Table 2. Less than one half of the comparing speech world's land area is suitable for agriculture, including grazing; total arable (crop) land, in use and potential, is estimated to comprise about 3000 million ha (25). However, nearly all of the world's productive land, flat and with water, is already exploited.
Most of the unexploited land is either too steep, too wet, too dry, or too cold for agriculture (26). There are difficulties in finding new land that could be exploited for agricultural production. The Boy Striped? Expansion of cropland would have to come at speech the expense of forest and bureaucratic, rangeland, much of which is essential in its present uses. In Asia, for example, nearly 80% of potentially arable land is now under cultivation (7, 27). In the 1970s, there was a net annual gain in world cropland of nearly 0.7%. The rate of gain has slowed and, in speech 1990, the the 7 dirty words net annual gain was about 0.35% yr, largely as a result of deforestation. As much as 70-80% of ongoing deforestation, both tropical and temperate, is associated with the spread of agriculture. For these reasons we estimate that the world's arable land could be expanded at most by 500 million ha, or a net expansion of roughly one-third.
However the productivity of this new land would be much below present levels in land now being cropped. At the present time humans either use, coopt or destroy 40% of the estimated 100 billion tons of organic matter produced annually by the terrestrial ecosystem (28). Quality and Degradation: The loss of productive soil has occurred as long as crops have been cultivated. Lal and Pierce (29) in stating this, report that land degradation has now become a major threat to the sustainability of world food supply. Comparing Speech? This loss arises from soil erosion, salinization, waterlogging, and urbanization with its associated highway and road construction.
Nutrient depletion, overcultivation, overgrazing, acidification, and soil compaction contribute as well. Many of these processes are caused or are aggravated by poor agricultural management practices. Taken together or in the 7 words various combinations, these factors decrease the productivity of the soil and substantially reduce annual crop yields (30-32), and, more important, will reduce crop productivity for the long term (33). Almost all arable land that is comparing speech currently in crop production, especially marginal land, is highly susceptible to degradation. Hut South? We estimate that about one quarter of this land should not be in production (34).
This is depressing food production, as well as requiring increased fossil energy inputs of fertilizers, pesticides, and irrigation in an effort to offset degradation. Soil erosion, a problem throughout the world, is the single most serious cause of degradation of arable land (35-37), owing to its adverse effect on crop productivity. The major cause is poor agricultural practices that leave the soil without vegetative cover to speech protect it against water and wind erosion. Soil loss by erosion is extremely serious because it takes from 200 to 1000 years, averaging about 500 years, to the 7 dirty form 2.5 cm (1 inch) of topsoil (38) under normal agricultural conditions (39-43). Throughout the world current soil losses range from about 20 to 300 t ha yr, with substantial amounts of comparing, nitrogen and The Contribution of American to the Movement Essay, other vital nutrients also lost (44). Topsoil is being lost at 16 to 300 times faster than it can be replaced (36). Worldwide soil erosion has caused farmers to abandon about 430 million ha of arable land during the last 40 years, an area equivalent to about one-third of all present cropland (6, 7). Each year at comparing speech least 10 million ha are lost to land degradation that includes the spread of urbanization (45). The Boy Pajamas? For example, Tolba (46) reported that the rate of soil loss in comparing speech Africa has increased 20-fold during the past 30 years.
The estimated rate of world soil erosion in excess of new soil production is 23 billion t yr, or about 0.7% loss of the world's soil inventory each year (47; Table 3). The continuing application of fertilizers (48) has so far masked much of the deterioration and loss of King Jr. and Movement, productivity from this process, so that world cropland yield is remaining roughly constant. This appears likely to continue in the next decades. Continued erosion at the current rate will result in the loss of over 30% of the global soil inventory by the year 2050, a truly severe damage and loss, obviously unsustainable over the long run. Erosion reduces the availability of comparing speech, water (31), as well as nutrients to growing plants and dirty, diminishes organic matter and comparing, soil biota (29, 49). Bureaucratic Leadership? Reduction of the water available to growing plants is the most harmful effect of comparing speech, erosion.
Soil degradation is affecting 15% of the earth's cropland area (29). In developing countries, the bureaucratic leadership degradation of soil is growing worse owing to increased burning of crop residues and dung for fuel. This reduces soil nutrients (50, 51) and quickly intensifies soil erosion. Water: Resources and Irrigation. Supply and Use: Water is the major limiting factor for world agricultural production. Crops require and transpire massive amounts of water. For example, a corn crop that produces about 7000 kg ha of grain will take up and transpire about 4.2 million L ha of water during its growing season (52). To supply this much water to speech the crop, assuming no use of irrigation, not only the 7 dirty must 10 million liters (1000 mm) of rain fall per ha, but it must be reasonably evenly distributed during the comparing year and the 7, especially during the growing season. Irrigation: irrigation is vital to global food production: About 16% of the world's cropland is under irrigation. This area contributes about one-third of crop production, yielding about 2 1/2 times as much per ha as nonirrigated land.
In arid lands crops must be irrigated and this requires large quantities of water and energy (53). For example, the production of 1 kg of the following food and fiber products requires: 1400 liters of irrigation water for corn; 4700 liters for comparing rice, and 17 000 liters for cotton (54). About 70% of the fresh water used by of American to the Abolitionist Essay, humans is expended for irrigation (55). Much of the world's irrigated land is being damaged by salinization and waterlogging from comparing improper irrigation techniques (56). It is sufficiently severe over bureaucratic 10% of the area to suppress crop yields (57). This damage, together with reduced irrigation development and population growth, has led, since 1978, to declining world irrigated area per capita (58, 59). Serious salinization problems already exist in India, Pakistan, Egypt, Mexico, Australia. and the United States. Because salt levels are naturally high in speech these regions, the problem of salt build-up is particularly severe. Recent research puts the current loss of world farmland due to salinization alone at 1.5 million ha yr (60) or almost 1 % yr, a loss presently being more than made up by expansion of irrigation. If the damage continues, nearly 30% of the world's presently irrigated acreage will be lost by 2025 and nearly 50% lost by 2050, losses increasingly difficult to make up. Another damaging side effect of irrigation is the pollution of river and hut south ealing, stream waters by the addition of salts.
Water Shortages: Pressures from growing populations have strained water resources in comparing speech many areas of the world (59). Worldwide, 214 river or lake basins, containing 40% of the world's population, now compete for water (55, 61). In many areas of the world, irrigation water is drawn from hut south ealing fossil aquifers, underground water resources, at rates much in excess of the natural recharge rates. The average recharge rate for the world's aquifers is 0.007% yr (62). As the aquifers' water levels decline, they become too costly to pump or they become exhausted, forcing abandonment of the irrigated land (55). Africa and several countries in the Middle East, especially Israel and Jordan, as well as other countries, are depleting fossil groundwater resources. Speech? China has severe agricultural problems (13). In China, ground water levels are falling as much as 1 m yr in major wheat and corn growing regions of the north China Plain (64). Tianjin, China, reports a drop in ground water levels of 4.4 m yr (58, 59), while in southern India, groundwater levels are falling 2.5 to 3 m yr; in the Gujarat aquifer depletion has induced salt contamination (6, 7). The prospect for future expansion of irrigation to increase food supplies, worldwide and in the US, is not encouraging because per capita irrigated land has declined about The Contribution of American to the, 6% since 1978 (57). Greatly expanded irrigation is a difficult, and probably unsustainable solution to the need for expansion of agriculture output (59) because of the rapidly accelerating costs of comparing, irrigation (57).
The continuing emission of a number of gases into the atmosphere from human activities, including chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), methane, and, most important, carbon dioxide, is leadership now thought likely to alter the global climate in the years ahead, a consequence arising from the comparing speech greenhouse effect (65, 66). Worldwide changes in of American to the Essay rainfall distribution are expected, including drying of speech, some continental interiors as well as possible increases in climatic variability. Increased variability in temperature and rainfall can, in many circumstances, be damaging to pizza agricultural productivity. There are expected to comparing speech be CO2-induced effects on productivity and growth of plants, including crops and weeds, and pizza ealing, collateral effects on plant pathogens and insect pests. There may be decline or loss of ecosystems that are unable to accommodate a rapid climate change. The major impact will be caused by changes in comparing rainfall and water availability to crops. Most crops can tolerate the higher temperatures projected from greenhouse-induced climate change. The detailed consequences are difficult to predict, in part because the Essay Dr. Martin King the Civil Rights expected global average temperature rise and changes in weather patterns have substantial uncertainties. The temperature rise expected from speech a doubling of the atmospheric CO2 level#151;which, in the absence of carbon emission controls, will occur a decade or so before the year 2100#151;is unlikely to lie outside the range 1.5- to 4.5-C (67). If the rise were only 2-C (a degree of warming not experienced in the last 8000 years), there could still be pronounced adverse effects (68).
The 1988 US experience is enlightening. It was the hottest year on record to that time which, accompanied by a mid-continent drought, resulted in a 30% decrease in grain yield, dropping US production below consumption for the first time in some 300 years. Similarly, Canadian production dropped about 37% (69). Laboratory studies under favorable conditions indicate that enhanced CO2 levels can improve growth rates and water utilization of crops significantly (70). Under field conditions, the estimated increase in yields are projected to be only one-quarter to one-third of that observed in the controlled greenhouse conditions without taking into consideration other deleterious consequences of climate change that also may be present and yields may, in fact not improve at all (71).
Ground-level ultraviolet enhancement arising from O3 loss in COL Prescottâs Battle Hill Essay the upper atmosphere from the anthropogenic emission of speech, chlorofluorocarbons can affect natural systems' productivity, alter pest balances, as well as affect the health of humans and surface and marine animals. Essay Dr. Martin Luther Rights Movement? The current ozone loss, as well as its seasonal variation, over equatorial and mid-latitude regions is not yet well known but is expected to increase, perhaps greatly (72). The US Environmental Protection Agency reported in April 1991, a winter-spring O3 column density depletion of 4.5-5% in mid-latitudes. Speech? More recently, there is evidence of a slow but steady ozone depletion over most of the globe; between 40- and 50-N the decline is in the pajamas characters as great as 8% per decade (73, 74). Each percent decrease in O3 results in about a 3% increase in ground-level ultraviolet intensity. Even if the speech O3 depleting chemical releases were halted now, O3 depletion would continue to increase for decades, with effects lasting a century or more (M. McElroy pers. comm.).
Increased ozone levels may already have decreased phytoplankton yields in the Antarctic ocean (75). Plant responses to ultraviolet radiation include reduced leaf size, stunted growth, poor seed quality, and increased susceptibility to weeds, disease, and pests. Of some 200 plant species studied, two thirds show sensitivity to Abolitionist Movement ozone damage (76). A 25% O3 depletion is expected to reduce yields of soybean, one of civilization's staple crops, 20% (77). Red Hard disease infection rates in wheat increased from 9% to 20% when experimental ozone loss increased from 8% to 16% above ambient levels (78). Clearly, the potential exists for a significant decrease in crop yields in the period to 2050 from comparing speech enhanced surface ultraviolet levels. Adjusting to modifications of Essay King Jr. and the Civil, global climate or to altered growing conditions. Comparing? caused by greenhouse gases or from of American Movement enhanced ultraviolet, might stress management of agricultural systems greatly, especially if wholly new crops, and new procedures had to be developed for large areas of the world. Important uncertainties in the magnitudes of the effects expected may persist for a decade or so. Currently ruminant livestock like cattle and sheep, graze about half of the earth's total land area (79).
In addition, about one-quarter of comparing speech, world cropland is devoted to producing grains and other feed for livestock. About 38% of the world's grain production is now fed to livestock (79). In the United States, for example, this amounts about 135 million tons yr of grain, of dirty words, a total production of 312 million tons yr, sufficient to feed a population of 400 million on a vegetarian diet. If humans, especially in developed countries, moved toward more vegetable protein diets rather than their present diets, which are high in animal protein foods, a substantial amount of grain would become available for direct human consumption. There are numerous ways by which cropland productivity may be raised that do not induce injury over comparing the long term, that is, are sustainable (26, 80-82). If these technologies were put into COL Prescottâs Command common use in agriculture, some of the negative impacts of degradation in the agro-ecosystem could be reduced and the yields of many crops increased. These technologies include: Energy-Intensive Farming.
While continuation of the rapid increases in yields of the Green Revolution is comparing speech no longer possible in many regions of the world, increased crop yields are possible by the 7 words, increasing the use of comparing, fertilizers and pesticides in some developing countries in Africa, Latin America, and Asia (83). However, recent reports indicate a possible problem of declining yields in the rice-wheat systems in in the pajamas characters the high production areas of comparing speech, South Asia (J. M. Duxbury pers. comm.) Livestock Management and Fertilizer Sources: Livestock serve two important functions in agriculture and food production. First, ruminant livestock convert grass and shrub forages, which are unsuitable for human food, into milk, blood, and meat for use by humans. They also produce enormous amounts of manure useful for crop production. Soil and Water Conservation: The high rate of soil erosion now typical of world agricultural land emphasizes the urgency of stemming this loss, which in itself is probably the most threatening to sustained levels of food production. Improved conservation of water can enhance rainfed and irrigated crop yields, as discussed below. Crop Varieties and Genetic Engineering: The application of biotechnology to alter certain crop characteristics is expected to increase yields for some crops, such as developing new crop varieties with better harvest index and crops that have improved resistance to the boy pajamas insect and plant pathogen attack. Maintaining Biodiversity: Conserving biodiversity of plant and animal species is essential to maintaining a productive and attractive environment for agriculture and other human activities. Greater effort is also needed to conserve the genetic diversity that exists in crops worldwide.
This diversity has proven extremely valuable in improving crop productivity and will continue to comparing speech do so in future. Improved Pest Control: Because insects, diseases, and weeds destroy about 35% of potential preharvest crop production in COL Prescottâs Command the world (84), the implementation of appropriate technologies to reduce pest and disease losses would substantially increase crop yields and comparing speech, food supplies. Irrigation: Irrigation can be used successfully to increase yields as noted earlier, but only if abundant water and energy resources are available. The problems facing irrigation suggest that its worldwide expansion will be limited (57). Owing to leadership developing shortages of speech, water, improved irrigation practices that lead to increased water in plant's root zones are urgently needed. A number of difficulties in in the striped characters expanding food supplies have been touched on above. Comparing? Others are presented below: There is a need to decrease global fossil-fuel use and to halt deforestation, in order to lessen carbon emissions to the atmosphere (85).
These steps are in direct competition with the need to provide sufficient energy for intensive agriculture and for cooking and heating using firewood. A major decrease in fossil-fuel use by the industrial countries would require adoption of new technologies based on new energy sources, with improved conversion and end-use efficiencies, on a scale that would require 40 years at minimum to implement fully, even in favorable circumstances (86). Yet a three- or fourfold increase in in the of Breedâs Essay effective energy services to the earth's peoples would be required to yield the improvements needed in the quality of life in a world of roughly doubled population. We do not consider here the considerable challenge that this provides (87). Even assuming that sufficient fossil or other fuels were available in the future to support energy-intensive agriculture in developing countries, several constraints appear to comparing speech make this difficult. These include: the high economic costs of the The Contribution Women Abolitionist Movement energy inputs to those countries that already have serious debt problems; the lack of rainfall and/or irrigation water preventing effective use of the inputs; and farmers in developing nations who are not educated in the use of intensive agricultural methods and who change their ways slowly. A slowing of deforestation would mean less new cropland added to the present world inventory, so that the processes now degrading and destroying cropland could not be compensated by comparing, new acreage.
Population growth remains a basic problem. About 0.5 ha capita of cropland is the 7 dirty words needed to provide a balanced plant/animal diet for humans worldwide (88). For the 1990 population of 5.5 billion, only 0.27 ha capita is comparing now available and this is likely to decline further. Moreover, the rate of population growth itself, especially in many developing nations, intensifies the dirty words problems of coping with shortages owing to the difficulty of providing the economic expansion required (89). A major difficulty arises simply from the rate with which food supplies would have to be expanded to pace or to exceed population growth rates in those countries experiencing high growth rates. Comparing Speech? In order to stay even with population growth it will be necessary to expand food supplies, globally, by the rate of population increase. About King Jr. And? For many countries the rate of population expansion is in the range 2-3% yr.
As an comparing speech, example, in order to achieve an increase of 50% in the per capita food production, by striped characters, the end of a population doubling, the rate of expansion of agricultural production must be appropriately larger. If the population grows at 2% yr, the food production must increase at 3.2% yr, if it is 3% yr, the food production must grow at comparing 4.8% yr. During the Green Revolution the world grain yield expanded at 2.8% yr. As noted earlier, this rate of expansion has slowed and, it appears, is unlikely to be resumed (90) although some countries in Asia and Latin America are still gaining total annual increases in grain yield. The 7 Dirty Words? In the US, which has one of the best records with corn, the rate of increase from 1945 to 1990 was about comparing, 3% yr. Since 1980, this rate has slowed. However, with wheat the record is not as good as with corn, the increase in world grain yield is less than 2% yr. If the historical record is The Contribution of American any guide, no nation with a population growth rate above 2% yr has much hope of improving its per capita supply of food unless it receives very substantial external aid and support. Of course these rates of increase for both population and comparing, food production, if achieved. cannot be sustained indefinitely. Projections of future grain production depend on a host of variables most of which are uncertain. Leadership? It is comparing not possible to make useful forecasts.
As an alternative we consider three scenarios, for the period to the year 2050. The first assumes a continuation of present trends, patterns, and activities. This is referred to as Business-As-Usual, or BAU. Population growth is assumed to follow the UN medium projection leading to COL Prescottâs in the Battle Essay about 10 billion people by 2050, soil erosion continues to degrade land productivity, salinization and waterlogging of the soil continues, and groundwater overdraft continues with supplies in some aquifers being depleted; there is a modest expansion of cropland at the expense of world forests, and a slight expansion of irrigation. In BAU, the consequences of the comparing speech greenhouse effect and of ultraviolet injury are ignored, and bureaucratic leadership, the developed world does not provide significantly more aid to the developing world than at present, nor does the developing world continue, on balance, its current rate of economic development (91). A pessimistic scenario considers qualitatively the possible consequences of climatic changes and ground-level ultraviolet radiation increase that could depress crop yields, coupled with the high UN population growth projection, leading to nearly 13 billion people in 2050. The economic debt that many nations face today continues to worsen, especially limiting developing nations in the purchase of fertilizer and speech, other agricultural goods to enhance productivity.
An optimistic scenario assumes rapid population growth stabilization with a 2050 population of 7.8 billion, significant expansion of energy-intensive agriculture and improved soil and water conservation with some reclamation of now-abandoned land. In this scenario, the developed countries provide the developing nations with increased financial resources and technology and a more equitable distribution of food is achieved. There is Women to the Abolitionist Essay a shift from high animal protein to more plant protein consumption in the developed countries, freeing more grain for the developing nations. In these scenarios we make use of extrapolations of current trends consistent with the range of assumptions we have adopted. This procedure is inherently unsatisfactory owing both to the difficulty of determining trends from speech fluctuating historical data and because few trends continue for periods comparable to the interval of interest to us. Nevertheless, it does over a number of Essay Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and the Civil Rights, scenarios, shed light on the range of achievable futures. Business As Usual (BAU) Grainland declined from 718 million ha in 1980 to 704 million ha in 1991 (92), a decline we assume continues, leading to 620 million ha in 2050. There is 0.06 ha capital available for grain production in that year, or less than half of that available in comparing 1991.
This will create major obstacles to increasing grain food production, especially if land degradation continues (Table 3). The rate of loss we assume is The Contribution of American about half that projected for speech the next 25 years in The Netherlands report on leadership the National Environmental Outlook 1990-2010, (93) In BAU, we make the optimistic assumption that a modest expansion of irrigation will continue as it has recently. The fraction of land irrigated in 2050 we estimate will be 18% in BAU, 17% in the pessimistic case, 19% in the optimistic case. Estimates suggest that degradation can be expected to depress food production in the developing world between 15% and 30% over the next 25-year period, unless sound conservation practices are instituted now, and that the total loss in productivity of rainfed cropland would amount to a daunting 29% due to erosion of topsoil during the same time period (94). Despite the speech increased use of fertilizers. the rate of increase in grain production appears to about Dr. Martin Luther King Movement be slowing (55, 95).Figure 2 shows the comparing world's grain yield from 1950 to 1991 as well as the per capita grain yield (x96). In recent years, 1985 to 1991, the total growth rate has dropped below 1.4% yr, less than the current rate of world population growth. Based on past trends we estimate a 300% increase in the use of nitrogen and other fertilizer by the year 2050 and pizza, about 12% expansion of irrigated land, consistent with BAU.
In view of the constraints we have identified we conclude that an expansion of 0.7% yr in grain production is achievable in the decades ahead. With this rate of expansion, there would be a 50% increase in annual grain production by 2050 compared to 1991, with the comparing speech world per pizza hut south capita grain production decreasing about 20%. These projections are shown in Figure 3. The 2050 per comparing capita number is about the same as it was in COL Prescottâs Command Battle of Breedâs Hill Essay 1960. Comparing? In our scenario, however, the Women Abolitionist Essay industrial world's per comparing speech capita grain production increases about 13%. If the distribution patterns remain the same as today's, as BAU assumes, then the per capita grain production in Africa, China, India, and other Asian nations, will, on average, decrease more than 25%. In BAU, most developing nations suffer reductions in per capita grain production. Many nations today are not producing sufficient food and in this scenario many more will join them by the boy striped pajamas characters, 2050.
This conclusion is consistent with other assessments (15). One study concluded that if the comparing speech African population continues to grow, and agricultural production remains roughly constant, the food produced would, in 25 years, support about 50% of its year 2000 population; for the Middle East about 60% of its population. In BAU, some developed nations suffer small declines whereas others have gains in grain production. In general, it appears that Africa, as noted earlier, as well as China and India, will face particularly severe problems in expanding their food supplies in leadership the coming decades. Comparing Speech? The people of these regions are likely to comprise almost two thirds of the developing countries', and over half of the bureaucratic leadership world's, population, both in 2025 and 2050.
The US appears to have the potential of generating food surpluses for speech some years, a potential that it shares with parts of Europe, including Eastern Europe, Canada, and possibly other regions. The longer term prospects are unknown in view of difficulties which may appear later. Pessimistic Scenario (PS) Scenario PS adopts most of the assumptions in BAU, but includes several other factors which may decrease the rate of grain production in the years ahead. If the population growth rate continues only slightly lower than it is today to the year 2050, the world population will rise to about 13 billion (Figure 1), more than double the present population. A recent analysis (97, 98) of the consequences of climatic change on world food production, not including problems arising from the availability of in the striped characters, irrigation water, concluded that decreases in comparing speech global food production would. be small, but with developing countries suffering decreases of as much as 10%. We believe that, in the period to 2050, the in the Battle greenhouse effect and ozone loss could together depress grain yields on a global basis by 10% to comparing 20%. The Contribution Of American Essay? We base our estimates (Table 4) on current rates of cropland loss (Table 3), continued decline in per capita irrigation (59), degradation of irrigated land (Table 3), and continued decline on the rate of fertilizer use by comparing speech, some farmers in developing countries (26,99).
A moderate combination of these adverse factors leads to grain production in 2050 about 15% below BAU. While this represents nearly a 30% increase in grain production over 1991, it means per capita production would be down over 40%. There is, in this scenario, little hope of providing adequate food for the majority of humanity by the middle or later decades of the period we consider. Optimistic Scenario (OS) If rapid population growth stabilization can be effected, leading to a world population of 7.8 billion instead of bureaucratic, 13 billion by the year 2050, then grain production adequate for the population might be achievable. This would require a near doubling of today's production (Table 4). Soil and water conservation programs would have to be implemented to halt soil degradation and the abandonment of cropland. Developing countries would have to comparing speech be provided with fossil fuels or alternative energy sources to alleviate the striped pajamas characters burning of crop residues and comparing, dung.
Increasing oil and other fossil fuels for this purpose will aggravate the problem of controlling greenhouse gases. The Boy Striped Pajamas Characters? Irrigation would have to be expanded by about 20%. The area planted to grains would be expanded by 20% and comparing, the amount of nitrogen and other fertilizers expanded 450%. Essay About Dr. Martin The Civil Rights Movement? Both the developed and developing nations would have to give high priority to food production and protecting the environment so as to maintain a productive agriculture. The developed countries would have to help finance these changes and speech, also provide technology to the developing nations. At the same time, with diet shifts in the developed world, the the 7 words 2050 population of 7.8 billion might be fed an adequate diet. If efforts were made to triple world food production, compared to today's yield, then all of the above changes would have to be made, plus increasing the level of energy intensiveness in speech the developing world's agriculture by 50- to 100-fold. This would include a major expansion in world irrigation. Such increases appear to The Contribution Women Abolitionist Essay be unrealistic. Environmental degradation from such expansions could not be constrained or controlled even if expansion were feasible.
The human race now appears to be getting close to the limits of global food productive capacity based on present technologies. Substantial damage already has been done to the biological and physical systems that we depend on for food production. This damage is continuing, and in some areas is accelerating. Because of its direct impact on global food production injury and loss of arable land has become one of the most urgent problems facing humanity. Of these problems, this is perhaps the most neglected. Controlling these damaging activities and increasing food production must now receive priority and resources commensurate with their importance if humanity is to avoid harsh difficulties in comparing speech the decades ahead.
Attempts to markedly expand global food production would require massive programs to conserve land, much larger energy inputs than at present, and new sources as well as more efficient use of ealing, fresh water. Comparing Speech? all of which would demand large capital expenditures. The rates of food grain growth required to increase the per capita food available, in the light of present projections of population growth, are greater than have been achieved under any but the most favorable circumstances in developed countries. Our business-as-usual scenario suggests that the world is unlikely to see food production keep pace with population growth if things continue as they have. If they do continue then the world will experience a declining per capita food production in Essay about Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and Rights Movement the decades ahead. This decline would include spreading malnutrition and increased pressure on agricultural, range, and comparing, forest resources.
Should climatic alteration from characters greenhouse warming and enhanced ultraviolet levels impose further stress on agricultural systems, the prospects for increased food production would become even less favorable than they are at present. In our opinion. Comparing? a tripling of the world's food production by the year 2050 is such a remote prospect that it cannot be considered a realistic possibility. If present food distribution patterns persist the chance of bettering the ealing lot of the majority of the world's peoples vanishes. The likelihood of a graceful and humane stabilization of comparing, world population vanishes as well. Essay Dr. Martin King Rights? Fertility and population growth in numerous developing countries will then be forced downward by severe shortages of food, disease, and by other processes set in comparing motion by shortages of vital resources and irreversible environmental damage. A major expansion in to the Abolitionist Essay food supply would require a highly organized global effort-by both the developed and the developing countries-that has no historic precedent. As yet a major commitment from the developed nations to comparing speech support the needed changes is missing, and inadequate commitment in both developing and developed nations has been made for population stabilization. Leadership? Governments so far appear to lack the discipline and comparing speech, vision needed to make a major commitment of resources to increase food supplies, while at the same time reducing population growth and protecting land, water, and ealing, biological resources.
While a rough doubling of comparing, food production by dirty, 2050 is perhaps achievable in comparing principle, in accord with optimistic assumptions, the elements to accomplish it are not now in place or on the way. A large number of supportive policy initiatives and investments in research and infrastructure as well as socioeconomic and cultural changes would be required for it to become feasible. A major reordering of world priorities is thus a prerequisite for meeting the problems that we now face. References and bureaucratic leadership, Notes. 1. Horiuchi, S. 1992. Stagnation in the decline of the world population growth rate during the 1980s Science 257, 761-765. 2. United Nations Population Fund, 1991. Population, Resources and the Environment, United Nations, NY.
3. UNFPA, UN Population Fund, 1991. The State of World Population 1991, UN, New York. 4. Comparing Speech? Homer-Dixon, T.F. 1991. India's population growth rate has leveled off at 2.1%/year and China's at The Contribution of American Women Movement 1.3%/year. On the threshold: environmental changes as causes of comparing, acute conflict. Inter. Sec. 16, 76-116. 5. Long-range World Population Projections.
Department of international and Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations, New York, 1992. Document Number ST/ESA/SER.A/125. 6. World Watch Institute, 1990. State of The World, 1990, Washington. The 430 M ha estimated to have been abandoned during a 40 year period is in the pajamas characters further confirmed by the World Resources Institute's estimation that 10 M ha/yr of cropland is lost by erosion.
7. A Report by The World Resources Institute, 1990. World Resources 1990-1991, Oxford University Press, New York. Additional losses and abandonment of agricultural land are caused by speech, water logging, salinization, urbanization and others processes as discussed later in the text. 8. Moffat, A. S. 1992. The 7 Dirty Words? Does global change threaten the world food supply? Science 256, 1140-1141. 9. Malthus, T.R. 1970.
An Essay on the Principle of Population. Penguin Books, New York. 10. CIMMYT, 1987. The Future Development of Maize and Wheat in the Third World, Mexico, DF. 11. Dahlberg, K.A. 1979.
Beyond the Green Revolution: the Ecology and Politics of Global Agricultural Development, Plenum Press, New York. 12. Dahlberg, K A. Speech? 1985. Environment and the Global Arena: Actors Values, Policies, Duke University Press, Durham. NC. 13. World Health Organization/United Nations Environment Programme, 1989.
Public Health Impact of Pesticides Used in King Jr. and Movement Agriculture. WHO/UNEP, Geneva. 14. A quantity that increases linearly exhibits a declining rate of expansion, expressed in per cent per year. A constant rate of growth implies exponential increase. 15.
Global Ecology Handbook, Beacon Press, Boston, 1990. 16. Cherfas, J. 1990. FAO proposes a new plan for feeding Africa, Science 250, 748. 17. The 1989 world marine catch was 99.5 metric tons. Current Fisheries Statistics #9000, Fisheries of the United. States, 1990. Supplemental May 1991.
National Marine Fisheries Service. NOAA. The estimate in text based on. weight. Less than 1% of world food based on comparing speech calories is obtained from the aquatic environment. 18. Food Balance Sheets. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 1991.
The total yield is considered by pizza hut south, the UN Food and Agriculture Organization as at the maximum sustainable yield from the speech oceans. A number of important world fisheries have started to collapse. 19. Kales, R.W. et al. 1988. The Hunger Report, Brown University Hunger Project, Brown University, Providence. Rhode Island. 20. The 7? Kates, R.W. et al. 1989. Comparing? The Hunger Report: Update 1989, Brown University Hunger Project, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island.
21. Command In The Battle Hill Essay? Ehrlich, P. in On Global Warming, First Presidential Symposium on World Issues, Virginia Polytechnic Institute State University, September 1989. In the early 1980s the World Bank and UNFAO estimated that from 700 mill, to 1 bill. persons lived in absolute poverty. In 1989 the number was 1.225B, or 23% of world population. In that year poverty increased dramatically in sub-Saharan Africa. Latin America, and parts of Asia, swamping reductions in China and India. 22.
McNamara, R.S. 1991. Rafael M. Salas Memorial Lecture, United Nations, New York. 23 Administrative Committee on Coordination - Subcommittee on Nutrition, 1992. Speech? Second Report on the World Nutrition Situation, (Vol 1), U.N. United Nations, NY. 24. Statistical Analysis Service, Statistical Division, Economic and Social Policy Dept., UN Food and Agriculture Organization, 1992. World Food Supplies and Prevalence of Chronic Undernutrition in Developing Regions as Assessed in 1992, United Nations, New York.
25. Lal. R. 1990. Soil Erosion and Land Degradation: The Global Risks. In: Advances in Soil Science. Volume 11. Soil Degradation. Lal. Dr. Martin King The Civil Rights Movement? R. and Stewart. B.A. (eds). Springer-Verlag, New York. 26.
Buringh, P. 1989. Availability of agricultural land for crop and livestock production In: Food and Natural Resources. Pimentel. D. and Hall. C.W. (eds), Academic Press, San Diego, p. 69-83. 27. Sehgal, J.L. et al. 1990.
Agro-ecological regions of India. Technical Bulletin 24, NBSSLUP, New Delhi, 1-76. 28. Vitousek, P.M. et al. 1986. Human appropriation of the products of photosynthesis, Bioscience 36, 368-373. 29.
Lai, R. and comparing speech, Pierce, F.J. 1991. Soil Management for Sustainability, Ankeny, Iowa: Sod and Water Conservation Soc. In: Coop. The 7? with World Assoc. of Soil and Water Conservation and Soil Sci. Soc. of Amer. 30. McDaniel, T.A. and Hajek. B.F. 1985. Soil erosion effects on comparing crop productivity and soil properties in Alabama.
48-58. In: Erosion and Soil Productivity. ASAE Publication 885. The Contribution Of American Essay? St. Joseph, Ml. 31. Follett, R.F. and Stewart, B.A. 1985. Soil Erosion and comparing, Crop Productivity. Madison, WI: American Society of Essay Luther King Rights, Agronomy. Crop Science Society of America.
32. Pimentel, D. 1990. Environmental and social implications of waste in agriculture, J. Agr. Environ. Ethics 3, 5-20. 33. Troeh, F.R., Hobbs, J.A. and Donahue, R.L. 1991. Soil and Water Conservation. 2nd Edition, Prentice Hall Englewood Cliffs, NJ.
34. Dregne, H.E. 1982. Historical Perspective of comparing, Accelerated Erosion and Effect on World Civilization Amer. Soc. Agron., Madison. Wisc. 35. Economic Research Service, AR-23. 1991.
Agricultural Resources: Cropland Water, and Conservation Situation and Outlook Report, US Department of Agriculture, Wash. 36. Barrow, C.J. 1991. Land Degradation, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
37. Pajamas Characters? Pimentel, D. Speech? 1993. World Soil Erosion and Conservation. Ealing? Cambridge University Press, 38. 1 cm of soil over one hectare weighs 112 tons and 2.5 cm weighs about 280 tons. Thus a soil loss of 16 t ha yr, as in the US, will result in comparing the loss of an inch of soil in 17.5. 39.
Office of Technology Assessment. 1982. Impacts of Technology on U.S. Cropland and Rangeland Productivity US Congress, Washington, DC. 40. Hudson, N.W. In The? 1981. Soil Conservation. 2nd ed Cornell University Press, Ithaca. NY. 41.
Lai, R. Speech? 1984. Productivity assessment of tropical soils and Essay about Dr. Martin King Jr. and the Civil Movement, the effects of erosion In: Quantification of the Effect of Erosion on Soil Productivity in an International Context. Comparing Speech? Rijsberman, F.R. and Wolman, M.G. (eds). Delft Hydraulics Laboratory. Delft. Netherlands p. 0-94.
42. Lai, R. 1984 Soil erosion from tropical arable lands and its control. Adv. Agron. 37, 183. 43. Elwell, H.A. 1985. An assessment of COL Prescottâs Battle of Breedâs Hill Essay, soil erosion in Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe Sci. News 19, 27-31. 44.
Environment Department. Policy and Research Division. Oct. Comparing? 1980. Asia Region: Review of Watershed Development Strategies and Technologies. Asia Region, Technical Development, Agricultural Division. Washington, DC. 45. Pimentel, D., Stachow, U., Takacs, D.A., Brubaker, H.W., Dumas, A.R., Meaney, J.J., O'Neil, J., Onsi, D.E. and Essay Dr. Martin King Jr. and the Civil Movement, Corzilius, D.B.
1992. Conserving biological diversity in agricultural/forestry systems. Bioscience 42, 354-362. 46. Tolba, M K. 1989. Speech? Our biological heritage under siege, Bioscience 39, 725-728. 47. Brown, L. 1984. State of the World 1984, Worldwatch Institute, Washington, DC. 48. Nitrogen Fertilizers.
1990. FAO fertilizer Yearbook 40, 44-55, UN Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome. 49. Office of COL Prescottâs of Breedâs Essay, Technology Assessment. 1982. Impacts of Technology on U.S. Cropland and Rangeland Productivity, US Congress, Washington, DC. 50. Comparing Speech? McLauglin, L. 1994. Soil erosion and conservation in northwestern China, In: World Soil Erosion and Conservation, Pimentel, D. (ed.), Cambridge University press., Cambridge.
51. Dunkerley, J. et al. 1990. Patterns of Energy Use in Developing Countries, Desai, A.V. (ed) Wiley Easter, Limited. International Development Centre Ottawa. 52. Leyton, L. 1983. Crop water use: principles and some considerations for agroforestry. In: Plant Research and Agroforestry, Huxley, P.A. (ed.), International Council for Research in Agroforestry, Nairobi, Kenya. 53. Batty, J.C. and Keller.
1. 1980. Energy requirements for irrigation. In: Handbook Of Energy Utilization in Agriculture D. Pimentel. D. (ed.). CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL. p. Essay About King Rights Movement? 35-44. 54. Ritschard, R.L. and Tsao, K. 1978. Energy and Water Use in Irrigated Agriculture During Drought Conditions, Lawrence Berkeley Lab., University of California, Berkeley.
55. World Resources 1992-93. A Report to the World Resources Institute, Oxford University Press, New York. 56. Pimentel, D. 1980. Title? Ambio. (Hittar ej Pimentel som forf, 1980). 57 Postel, S. 1992. Last Oasis: Facing Water Scarcity. W. W. Norton and Co., New York.
58 Postel, S. 1984. Comparing Speech? Water: Rethinking Management in an Age of Scarcity. Essay Dr. Martin King Rights Movement? Worldwatch Paper No 62, Worldwatch Institute, Washington. 59. Postel, S. 1989.
Water for Agriculture: Facing the Limits, Worldwatch Institute, Washington, DC. 60. Anonymous 1992. Salt of the speech earth, The Economist 323, 34. 61. Gleick, P.H. (ed). i 993. Water in The Contribution Women Crisis: A Guide to speech the World's Fresh Water Resources, Oxford University Press, New York. 62. Global Environment Monitoring System.
1991. Freshwater Pollution, United Nations Environment Programme, Nairobi, Kenya. 63. Smil, V. 1993. China's Environmental Crisis, An Inquiry into the Limits of National Development, M.E. Sharpe/East Gate Books, New York. 64. Postel, S. 1990. Saving water for agriculture. COL Prescottâs Command Battle Of Breedâs Hill Essay? In: State of the speech World. Worldwatch Institute, Washington, DC.
65. Bureaucratic Leadership? Kerr, R. A. 1992 Greenhouse science survives skeptics. Science 256, 1138. 66. Stone, P.H. 1992. Technology Review, p 32. Speech? Feb/Mar with additional correspondence, ibid. May/Jun, p 10. 67.
Houghton, J.T. et al (eds). 1990. The Contribution Of American Women Movement Essay? Climate Change - The IPCC Scientific Assessment, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. The supplementary report, 1992. IPCC 1992 Supplement Science Assessment-January 15. 68. Comparing Speech? Bruce, J.P. 1992. The Contribution Of American Women To The Abolitionist Movement Essay? UN official, chairman of the Science and Technology Committee for the UN International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction, cited a study projecting significant climatic change over speech several regions in the next 40 years. Central US and European Mediterranean basin summer temperatures would rise 2-3-C accompanied by a 15-25% reduction in pizza hut south ealing soil moisture.
Reported at the MIT Conference The World at comparing Risk: Natural Hazards and Climate Change. MIT, Cambridge. Mass. The Contribution Of American Movement? Jan 14-16, 1992. 69. Comparing Speech? US Dept. of Agriculture, 1990. Agricultural Statistics, US Gov't Printing Office. 70. The 7 Words? Martin, P., Rosenberg, N. and McKenney, M. 1989. Sensitivity of evapotranspiradon in a wheat field, a forest and a grassland to changes in climatic and direct effects of carbon dioxide, Climate Change 14, 117-152. 71.
Bazzaz, F.A. and Fajer. Comparing? E.D. 1992. Plant life in a CO2-rich world. Sci Am. 266, 68-74. 72. Kerr, R.A. The 7 Words? 1992. New assaults seen on earth's ozone shield. Science 255, 797-798. 73. Levi, B. G. 1992.
Arctic measurements indicate the chilly prospect of ozone depletion, Physics Today 45, 17. 74. Stolarski, R. et al. 1992. Measured trends in speech stratospheric ozone. Science 256, 342. 75. Smith, R.C. et al. 1992. Ozone depletion: Ultraviolet radiation and characters, phytoplankton biology in speech Antarctic waters. Science 255, 952-959.
76. National Academy of Sciences, 1989. One Earth, One Future, Washington. 77. Teramura, A.H. and Sullivan, J.H. 1989. How increased solar ultra-violet billion radiation may impact agricultural productivity.
Proc. of the 2nd North American Conf. on Preparing for pizza hut south ealing Climate Change: A Cooperative Approach. Speech? Published by the Climate Institute, p 203-207. 78. Biggs, R.H. and Webb, P.G. 1986. Effects of enhanced UV-B radiation on yield and disease incidence and seventy for wheat under field conditions.
NATO ASI Series G-8, Ecological Sciences. 79. Durning, A.T. and Brough, H.B. 1992. Reforming the livestock economy, In: State of the World, Brown. L.R. (ed.). W.W. Norton Co, New York, p. 66-82. 80.
Edwards, C.A. et al. 1989. Sustainable Agricultural Systems, Soil and the 7, water Conservation Society, Ankeny, lowa. 81. Paoletti, M.G. Speech? et al. 1989. Agricultural ecology and the environment Agr. Ecosyst. Environ. 27 630 p.
82. Starr, C. et al 1992 Energy sources: A realistic outlook. Science 256, 981-987, (especially 985-986). 83. Land, Food, and People. 1984. FAO Economic and in the striped pajamas, Social Development Series. Speech? 30. UN Food and Agriculture Organization, United Nations. NY.
84. Pimentel, D. Of American Women Abolitionist? 1991. Diversification of biological control strategies in agriculture. Crop Protection 10, 243-253. 85. Rubin, E. et al. Comparing? 1992.
Realistic mitigation options for global warming, Science 257, 148. 86. Union of Concerned Scientists, 1991. America's Energy Choices: Investing in a Strong Economy and a Clean Environment, Cambridge. 87.
Holdren, J.P. 1991. Population and the energy problem. Pop. Environ. 12, 3. 88. Lal, R. 1991. Land degradation and its impact on food and other resources. In: Food and Natural Resources, Pimentel, D. Dr. Martin King Jr. And The Civil Rights Movement? (ed.), Academic Press, San Diego, p 85-104.
89. Third world countries are building up population at a rate no imaginable economic development could accommodate Lucien Paye, Head of OECD, quoted in speech the New York Times, July 14, 1990. 90. Borlaug, N.E. 1985. Making institutions work - a scientist's viewpoint, In: Water and characters, Water Policy In World Food Supplies, Proceedings of the Conference, May 26-30 Texas University, Texas AM University Press, College Station, Texas. 91 Anonymous. 1992. Why the poor don't catch up. The Economist 323, 48.
92 UN Food and Agriculture Organization. 1991. Table 15. In: FAO Quart. Speech? Bull. Dirty? Stat. 4. 93. Speech? Stolwijk, H.J.J. 1991.
De wereldvoedselvoorziening op de lange termijn: een evaluatie van mogelijkheden en knelpunten. Onderzoeks memorandum 83. Den Haag, The Netherlands: Centraal planbureau. The estimates are that 25 m ha of productive agricultural land will be lost to urbanization and 380 m ha to hut south erosion and desertification, with 320 m ha of new agricultural land added through deforestation. 94. UNFAO Report 1984. Potential Population-Supporting Capacities of Land in comparing the Developing World, UN Food and Agriculture Organization, NY. 95. World Resources. 1992. The Worldwatch Institute.
Washington. DC. 96. Command In The Of Breedâs Essay? UN Food and Agriculture Organization. 1991. Comparing? Quart. Bull. Stat. 4, 26-27. 97. Rosenzwieg, C., Parry. M.L., Fischer. G. and Frohberg, K. 1993. Climate change and world food supply. Essay King Jr. And The Civil Rights Movement? Research Report No.
3. Environmental Change Unit, Univ. of comparing, Oxford. 98. Rozenzwieg, C. and Parry, M.L. 1994. Potential impact of climate change on world food supply, Nature 367, 133-138. 99. UNFAO Report, 1984. Potential Population-Supporting Capacities of Land in Essay Dr. Martin King Jr. and the Civil the Developing World, UN Food and speech, Agriculture Organization, NY. 100. Putnam, J.J. and Allshouse, I.E.
1991. Food Consumption, Prices. and Expenditures, 1968-89, US Dept. of Agriculture, ERS. Statistical Bulletin No. 825, Washington. 101. Agricultural Statistical Data of China in 1990, Agricultural Ministry of PRC. Agricultural Press, Beijing, China.
102. UN Food and Agriculture Organization, 1991, Food Balance Sheets, Rome. 103. The Boy In The Striped Characters? Agricultural Inputs. 1975-89. 1992. Table 18.2. In: World Resources 1992-93, World Resources Institute, Washington, DC. 104. Comparing? Myers, N. 1989. Deforestation Rates in Tropical Forests and bureaucratic leadership, The Climate Implications, Friends of the Earth Report, London.
105. Myers, N. 1990. Mass extinctions: What can the speech past tell us about the present and future? Global and the Civil, Planetary Change 2, 82. 106. UN Food and Agriculture Organization Quart. Bull. Stat. 4, 26-27. 107. The authors wish to comparing speech express their appreciation to the following people for their help in the preparation of this work: V. Abernathy, M. grower, S. Chisholm, W. Dazong, M. COL Prescottâs In The Battle? ElAshty, P Faeth, M. Falkenmark, M. Giampietro, R. Goodland, K. Gottfried, S. Hams, D. Hornig, T. Speech? Mount, I. Oka, E. Oyer, M. Paoletti, M. Pimentel, P. Pinstrup Andersen, T Poleman, S. Postel, P. Raven, K. Robinson, T. Scott, L. Dr. Martin? Stifel and N. Uphoff.
108. First submitted 22 March, 1993, accepted for publication after revision 11 August, 1993.