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best essay blogs Half. That is how many graduating high school seniors will enroll in college. Hawthorne? Today, more than ever, high school students and adults alike are pursuing higher education. But still less than a third of the Abuse, adult population holds at least a bachelors degree. In his article, #8220;What#8217;s the Matter With College,#8221; Rick Perlstein critiques America#8217;s higher education system, saying that college has lost its centrality both on campuses and in hawthorne, society. He is langston hughes works, accurate in saying college campuses are not playing the name meaning, same role they did a generation ago, but, in response to Mr. Perlstein, this role-change is not necessarily for The Horrors of Animal Abuse Essay the worse. What#8217;s wrong with college? Not the institution or its place in society, but the upsetting, yet shrinking, mindset that college is only for those who can get there on their own.

The average yearly tuition, room and board at the nation#8217;s four-year public colleges and universities is $13,425. That is for in-state students. The average for private colleges and universities is name meaning, threefold, at $36,510 per year. (Each average has more than doubled since 1990.) Despite the price hike, more students than ever are enrolling in of the, college. Racial and socioeconomic disparities are slowly, but surely, shrinking. The college experience is more critical than ever, and we should do everything possible to provide the collegiate opportunity to everyone. Saying there is a way for every eighteen-year-old to attend college is overly idealistic, this I know, but shouldn#8217;t we try to educate our nation#8217;s people to the fullest extent possible? An educated society, after all, is a responsible society. Issues like global warming and hawthorne meaning, nuclear war, issues that need a highly educated audience, are all too important to say that a college education isn#8217;t the most powerful tool in assuring the future of our country and our planet. Mr.

Perlstein#8217;s observation of today#8217;s American college students, upon which he generalizes the nation#8217;s collegiate as a whole, is based upon a very small view of the typical student. The students who he has been exposed to quotes, (they attend the University of hawthorne name Chicago) are obviously exceptional, already well educated and Essay Serious by Christine, socially aware, but are they an meaning, accurate representation of the for him, typical college student? The fact is that roughly half of America#8217;s youth will never go to college. And the vast majority of kids who do commit to a further education will not go to the school of their top choice, let alone an ivy-league or top-tier school. Is this majority then marginalized in the eyes of the academic world? I argue the answer is yes, just look at hawthorne, the young people Mr. Perlstien chose to illustrate as the of bastille, face of the American college student. Hawthorne Name? Yes, college is a birthright, but it should not just be one that is given to the wealthy, well connected, or elite. It should be a right given to hardworking, driven, and intelligent students who want to Essay about, pursue higher learning. So is the college experience less critical to the nation than it was a generation ago?

Of course not. College, as it fundamentally claims, should serve as a vessel that leads youth to both self-discovery and an intricate understanding of the hawthorne meaning, world and its functions. Additionally, it should be a mean for social and economic mobility for Essay Crimes Serious to Children Watkins low-income, yet equally driven members of American society. Regardless of how they get there or where they come from, students who leave college with broad and name, meaningful perceptions of society and the way it works will become intrinsic to Essay on Gun Crimes Serious Harm by Christine, America, ensuring our society#8217;s preservation and advancement. College#8217;s centrality is still very evident in our country. Name? Campuses are still hotbeds for of bastille debateand yes, many of us have pulled some all-nighters, not to hawthorne, write papers, but to argue about politics, drive across the state to go to a concert and still make it to class the next morning, and experience what is distinctly college.

The student community is langston hughes works, alive and well, and name meaning, ultimately vibrant in the realm of fall of bastille political, social, environmental, and ethical issues. It is disheartening to hawthorne meaning, hear of some adults#8217; lack of faith in The Horrors of Animal Essay, my generation. We fight the same battles the generations before us fought; we speak and act against war, close-mindedness, and oppression. We are advocates for the poor, persecuted, and otherwise silent voices in hawthorne name, society. And yes, we still have the sexual quotes, same tragic flaw as young adults before us. Hawthorne Name? Immortality stares us in the mirror. It is langston hughes, too bad the path to college acceptance has become soiled with the mess that is made by the industry surrounding it.

Every step of the hawthorne meaning, way there is money to be madetesting, how-to books, not to on Gun Cause Watkins, mention the name meaning, colleges and universities themselves. College has become a fierce competition rather than a coveted opportunity, and survival-of-the-fittest (or should I say richest) is the name of the game. I, fortunately, am not much of a player. I attend a public liberal arts school, of which there are too few in my opinion. I firmly believe a school#8217;s greatness is evident in its ability to produce graduates who have true and unique understandings of the world around them. I feel that at some colleges and about Systems, universities, students are sheltered from the realities of society.

The students Mr. Perlstein speaks of seem to be good examples. They live in a confining world of privilege, unable to fully embrace the college experience because it is almost too obtainable to them, and they see it as a cage, a tedious requirement, rather than a gift, a unique opportunity for vast and fulfilling exploration. Perhaps this is Mr. Perlstein#8217;s point, as well as mine; a college can only teach what its students are capable of learning. Whether or not this knowledge is completely in an academic sense is up to both parties. Not everything you learn in college, or in life, for that matter, is learned in a classroom.

My advice to kids out there who #8220;hate#8221; college: stop complaining and take advantage of your youth. Remember that you must have lows to have highs. Stop worrying about what seems #8220;infantilizing#8221; or #8220;emasculating#8221; and realize that you are youngand learn to love that. At the same time, think about the future. Think about hawthorne how you can change the world into on Gun Harm by Christine Watkins a better place, which, though painfully corny, is hawthorne, pretty much the most important question a person can ask. I feel as though many of the kids who say they #8220;hate#8221; school are jumping on fall, a bandwagon that is driven by sophomoric angst rather than actual reason. It is these individuals who need to open their eyes and hawthorne name meaning, search for whatever will make them happy, whether that means staying in langston hughes, school or not. People, youth and adults alike, get stuck in bubbles of definition. Hawthorne Name? A person finds an for him, image with which he or she is comfortable and then sits in its confines for a lifetime. Slacker, overachiever, outcast, hippie, conservative, liberalthese are just definitions. Humans are not definable creatures.

We are constantly changing and our environments need to give us the opportunities to do so. College is, and should be, such a place. I love college because it is an exciting, turbulent, and hawthorne name, provoking environment where intellect and self-discovery are embraced and the human experience is at its finest. Cause Serious Harm Watkins? The adults of name today need to have faith in the adults of Essay about Case Analysis tomorrow. And we, today#8217;s youth, need to be encouraged, inspired, and led with a delicately forceful hand to become responsible, conscientious, and hawthorne meaning, freethinking members of Information Case Analysis American society. That is why college matters.

Figures and name, statistics came from #8220;Facts for of bastille Features: Back to School, 2007-2008#8243; published by the U.S. Census Bureau, June 14, 2007. Growing up I had always attended small, independent schools. My mother, being an independent school teacher, was a firm believer in the environment provided by hawthorne private education. The high school I went to hughes, attempted to send into a changing world confident young people of integrity who think critically and name meaning, creatively while embracing the joy of lifelong learning. Most of my classmates headed to elite institutions on works, the East Coast, to hawthorne meaning, tiny private colleges through the Midwest, or to research departments in California. I was the on Gun Crimes Watkins, only student who packed up my bags to head to the big state school: The Ohio State University. I did not know what to expect: would my classes have twenty students or two hundred, where would my roommate be from, and would I even be able graduate in four years? Nevertheless, I knew that the price was right, and that the first quarter tuition was already paid, so I packed my bags and hawthorne meaning, headed to school in September.

Since 2004 I have spent almost four years in the university system, in The Horrors, the nation#8217;s largest university, and in one of the Midwest#8217;s most diverse cities. In that time countless articles have been written about disengaged students, pandering professors, and the crumbling position of academia in society. These critics argue that the university system, so expanded in the 1960s and 1970s because of the G.I. Bill and the Baby Boom generation, found itself over-expanded in the 1990s. College became a consumer market. Bigger athletic facilities, more comfortable housing, and more pliable professors and administrators were features of colleges attempting to become more competitive and to compensate for smaller demand. At the same time, students well versed in the consumer market since childhood, the same students who had cell phones in middle school, became adept at demanding obedience from their colleges. It was in the late 1990s that the name meaning, student rights movements formed in ord er to pressure professors to langston hughes works, adopt non-partisan lesson plans.

Subsequently, college republicans at Princeton and Duke have succeeded in getting #8216;Academic Bill(s) of name Rights#8217; passed that threaten the tenure of hughes professors who dare to voice political opinions. In the eyes of the critics, these decisions signaled the end of college as a social force, a progressive engine that brought the hawthorne name meaning, end of the Vietnam War and the Civil Rights movement. In contrast, Rick Perlstein argues that colleges, previously #8216;city-states#8217;, are being subsumed by a market culture. Perlstein idolizes the freewheeling 1970s students who enhanced their social life with celebrity guest speakers, lured to Essay on Gun Crimes Cause to Children by Christine Watkins, their dorm lounge with little more than chutzpah and name meaning, a phone call . It is convenient to ignore that today#8217;s students, armed with independent million-dollar activities budgets, are bringing in similar speakers. At Ohio State I have met Lewis Black, had beers with Mark Zupan (the star of Murderball), and saw Kurt Vonnegut#8217;s last public lecture. That is not the complete list; I#8217;ve also seen presidential candidates, movie premiers, the Lost Boys from Sudan, and Paul Rusesabegina of Rwanda. And, in the next few months, I am looking forward to seeing Ron Jeremy debate with a pastor the proper place of porn in Serious Harm by Christine, modern society. Maybe it is the official nature of these events that Perlstein finds disagreeable. He interviews a beatnik friend, Doug Harris, who talks of the time he brought writers such as Ana?s Nin, Eudora Welty, and Ralph Ellison, marveling at the scrappy kids who wanted to mix it up with whoever came in . I guess Perlstein missed the CNN/Youtube debate this last month, where Youtube aficionados, many of them of university age, sent in questions for meaning the Democratic Candidates.

At the langston hughes, same time, what I have discovered is that college today can be similar to Doug Harris#8217; dream, a time you couldn#8217;t imagine until you turned 18, you were no longer under adult control, and you made your own schedule the hawthorne name, most liberating moment American#8217;s have in of bastille, life . Today#8217;s students, according to Perlstein, feel infantilized and emasculated in hawthorne name, the all encompassing modern university. Perlstein labels the large numbers of students who are satisfied with their university experience as #8216;organization kids#8217; obviously something to be avoided. As he implies, Perlstein frames the #8216;organization kid#8217; as a puppet daft enough to agree with the system. Ironically, the Essay Information Case Analysis, beatnik Harris only got into school by listing on name meaning, his application a banned book, Tropic of Capricorn, as one of his favorite books. Today#8217;s students, in quotes, the most open and democratic environment ever, do not have to hawthorne name meaning, go outside of the system to find #8216;banned books#8217;.

Ohio State students have access to three cop ies of Henry Miller#8217;s book in the library, a few other copies in other languages, and dozens of accompanying scholarly texts. Fall Of Bastille? High school students around the state can also order the objectionable text from the OhioLink library program, from the Columbus Public Library, or the Cleveland Public Library, or the Cincinnati Public Library. Meaning? In reality, critics such as Rick Perlstein represent a socio-economic conflict within the university system. Since the 1980s, with the loss of many of the nation#8217;s good blue-collar jobs, a college degree has become a requirement for the majority of people. High school seniors do look forward to a big wall, a cliff that they must climb in the hopes of getting the promised hundreds of thousands of added earnings over a lifetime.

The result: the entrance of people famed historian Richard Hofstadter might have called journeymen into the university system. Perlstein may be right that today#8217;s students are more market-oriented because there are more business students than ever before. In the 1970s a large percentage of the student body was in the humanities; in the 1990s less than fifteen percent of the student body studied the humanities. It is also worth noting that most of the students in the university system during the 1970s were upper class and upper-middle class stu dents. Information Case? In the contemporary university there are numerous scholarships for upwardly-mobile middle class and lower-middle class students. So who is to blame for hawthorne meaning the market orientation of today#8217;s universities, and what is the consequence of the changing nature of the student body? I cannot help but be reminded of Essay Crimes Serious my years as a scholarship student at the private school. My family always valued the education a private system could provide, but I was sometimes skeptical of a school that occasionally treated me as an intruder. Little was thought of me going to hawthorne, Ohio State, although most of my classmates#8217; parents would have balked at fall of bastille, letting their kids come down to Columbus.

I am glad I went to the large state university. It has given me the opportunity to mix with a more diverse socio-economic crowd, even if my classmates do not always understand why I am getting degrees in History and French. And do I really want to go into academia? Perlstein, the meaning, University of Chicago graduate, wants these market-minded students to feel bad about which shows the effects great on americans? maximizing their life opportunities. But the hawthorne, rich, and most of the students at University of Chicago at almost 40k a year are rich, always have wanted to The Horrors Abuse Essay, tell the poor how they should be educated.

The journeymen have co me to the university, bringing with them market principals and hawthorne, market demands, but these same journeymen must now take classes in the humanities at the university level. Abuse Essay? Despite the fact these worldly students sometimes feel emasculated in this environment, it may be better to hawthorne, have a corporate society that is versed in business ethics and Baudelaire. Of Animal Essay? Large-scale political dissent, heated philosophical debates in smoky dorm rooms, and rebellion against name meaning the conservative mores of sexual quotes for him financial gain and capitalism may be difficult to spot on most college campuses today, but that cannot be construed as a sign that college has lost its relevance to American culture, that students no longer care about the power a college education gives them, or that concern about the goings on at college campuses stopped when building takeovers did. Preoccupation with, and anxiety about college are rampant in the United States. Read any news publication for one week, and I guarantee there will be an article about name college. But instead of it being a piece decrying the falling moral standards at Essay about Information Case, our nations top educational institutions, as it would have been forty years ago, it will be a mournful article about how expensive college is, or a haughty one about how selective it is, or a human interest story about a student who is the first in her family to attend college. Romanticizing the college experience of forty years ago as one of self-exploration, mind-blowing discovery, and transformation from naive child into hawthorne name meaning intellectual explorer without limits or concerns about adulthood, and then comparing that perception with the experience of todays college students will obviously make modern college life look like a pointless exercise in corporate drudgery. When automated kids are stuck in the college lane their whole lives, no aura of excitement or illicitness surrounds the college campus. Best The Effects Of The Depression On Americans?? Students know what the hawthorne, purpose of college is: attaining a degree in order to obtain a job that cant be outsourced. Quotes For Him? That knowledge makes for a more serious environment, where students are aware of the necessity of their achievement.

By the time many students actually get to college, they#8217;ve joined the adult world of earnings potential and firms of hawthorne name meaning all sorts; they#8217;re not struggling against constraints as some university students did in the 1960#8217;s and fall of bastille, 1970#8217;s. As college becomes more and name meaning, more a product that generates an outcome (a degree from XYZ U. is a surefire way to get that spot at Harvard Law or that internship at Goldman Sachs), students have become consumers of a successful future. Serious Harm To Children By Christine? Most kids I know didn#8217;t look at a college brochure with pictures of students idling on the quad and think, #8220;Gee, I hope they#8217;re analyzing the hawthorne name meaning, chief differences between the moral theories of Rousseau and Locke.#8221; They flipped to the back of the book to see what graduate schools the ;07#8217;s entered or what prestigious scholarships they won. Professors and administrators of universities have encouraged this future-thinking attitude on of Animal Abuse Essay, students parts and have embraced it themselves. In reality, this future is the name, world itself as it is Essay about Systems Analysis, evolving. Bankers, doctors, lawyers, software engineers, and CEO#8217;s of hawthorne name meaning startups remember where they went to college, and university heads hope and Essay Case, pray they#8217;ll remember a professor who offered the chance at a great research opportunity or a trip to hawthorne meaning, Salamanca and quotes for him, donate money to hawthorne name meaning, the school in order to continue such services. Those who lead our nations colleges want to open students eyes to the world but not to the world of 1960, when America was in a position of global dominance and students could have economically protected time to figure out what they wanted to do.

Universities now face a cognitive landscape where countries borders are fluid and knowing something of value to on Gun Crimes Serious to Children by Christine Watkins, the world at large is more important than knowing ones self. Presidents, provosts, professors, and well-informed students want to make the university a microcosm of the outside world diverse, competitive, and high-stakes. Name? This is a massive shift from an sexual quotes for him, earlier era, one referenced in Perlsteins article, when college was its own city-state, with clashes between the ruling classes and the self-declared proles. This was an era of risk-free revolution, whose ideologies were borrowed from European intellectuals, not created in the United States. Interest in and involvement with the world is not a way to dampen creativity, as Perlstein suggests, but a way to meaning, fuel it. By connecting with the reality of globalization, students have the added pressure to make the most of their time on a campus with fabulous resources and intelligent professors to jump-start a career or nurture a new idea. Creativity cannot be defined as the work of a solo genius. Creativity often stems from past discoveries painstakingly mastered by study. Colleges are placing a new emphasis on collaborative inquiry, another sign of for him how college is name meaning, modeling itself after the new world.

Will this focus on a seamless transition from childhood to a university to a job be detrimental to American youth? I think not. Anyway, it#8217;s still too early to sound the alarm that college has become a deadening intellectual environment. Which Shows The Effects Of The Depression? If you#8217;re a bright, curious searcher, you#8217;ll find people with whom to discuss the state of American politics, protests to attend, and Fellini to hawthorne meaning, see in a student center (although you might have to the effects of the, search a little harder to find that last one). But you#8217;ll be concentrating your efforts in the classroom and outside of it on internships and volunteering junkets and name meaning, even consulting jobs.

Apprehension remains. That a college education has become a requirement in the world market means the demand will be far higher than the supply of truly excellent United States universities, and that competition to fall, get into those schools will become ever more narrowly focused. College matters more than ever to Americans, and its current gravitas has changed the definition of what counts as desirable intellectual activity. Taking the world into account as a motive for study, as well as an object thereof, is actually a wise and meaning, even selfless strategy for individuals and the nation. Of Animal Essay? College has long been an effective conduit for name meaning the romantic idealism. With the territory of the first four years on your own, away from parents and the growing pains of high school, worlds of possibilities and opportunities open up near effortlessly. It#8217;s where great people do great things, before they become great people. If there#8217;s anything we#8217;ve learned about what goes on within (undoubtedly ivy-covered) campus walls, it#8217;s that Nobel-laudable economic game theories are first penned on library windows, unsolvable math equations are solved in The Horrors, bathroom mirrors by janitors who look like Mark Wahlberg, and John Coltrane is going over a few bars with Ravi Shankar in your dorm lounge.

However as the college landscape shifts towards some indiscernible extension of the Real World, the hawthorne, line between unbounded exploration and restricted purpose blurs. To Children? Younger and name, younger becomes the age of shows depression on americans? being faced with the question: #8220;What do you want to do with your life?#8221; The rigor once placed on meaning, the post-graduation job search now comes down as early as being a freshman#8230; in high school. What activities are you going to participate in the next four years? What are your reach schools? What are your safety schools? We want to convey a sense of commitment, so you should participate in cross-country/band/drama all four years. Have you heard of Crimes Cause Serious Watkins Habitat for Humanity? Let#8217;s talk about community service#8230; For many, college becomes another destination among destinations, all in the pursuit of securing that well-paying, career-building salaried job.

Arguably, higher education used to be a path #8212; an meaning, especially rewarding path, if taken #8212; but still a path. Now a BA or BS may get you through the door and on the waiting list, but nothing else. Still, college is not as cold and calculating as the competitive process tries to works, make it. It still has academic resistance, social resistance, and creative resistance, from those who try to keep it a learning process, not a piece of hawthorne name meaning paper to live in a frame on your wall or a few lines on your resume. Regardless of who#8217;s winning the battle #8212; the Idealists or the Realists #8212; the which best the effects depression on americans?, novelties of the freedom and reach of colleges have been partially usurped by the ever-paradoxical Internet, which keeps growing as we keep shrinking. Name Meaning? The lengthy process of letter-writing to your friend in Europe has whittled down to a quick e-mail or bastard equivalent on langston hughes works, the social network of name your choice. The weekly phone call home to the #8216;rents has become your mother calling (or worse: texting) you on Essay Information Case Analysis, your cell phone every other day. And as generations progress, the meaning, age of which best shows of the this all-pervasive medium#8217;s introduction becomes sooner and sooner, until #8220;You were born after the Internet.#8221; Despite the name meaning, level of convenience, of exposure, and of reach, the Internet cannot replace that time you went to sexual quotes, your friend#8217;s party and [Briefly Known Punk Band] played in the kitchen for beer, the meaning, first time you played midnight Frisbee golf on the Quad and almost knocked Brad#8217;s teeth out, or that time you took a banal English class and found out halfway your professor was a Pulitzer Prize winner. (How? We don#8217;t know either.) So where is the balance to be found?

Journey or destination? Bookworm or keg destroyer? Resume-builder or beatnik? Paper or plastic (or hemp-bag)? Welcome to College. In March of 2003, the on Gun Crimes Serious Harm, United States of America invaded Iraq. The goal was to hawthorne name meaning, remove Saddam Hussein, establish a democratic republic and make the world a safer place.

Starting in 1954, a conflict erupted between South and North Vietnam. The United States of America joined the fight to expand our brand of democracy. This conflict lasted until 1975. Today, it is the year 2007 and the United States of America is still anchored in Iraq, gasping for air. During the Essay Information Case, Vietnam era, the hawthorne meaning, youth of which shows the effects on americans? America shook up the hawthorne, nation and responded to of Animal Abuse, the wrongs that were being committed abroad. Their frustration was sincere and hawthorne meaning, through a collective shove, they roared their complaints with the status quo. Their voices were loud and their actions were expressive. However, today, the youth of America is silently ignoring the Iraq quagmire and other, trouble spots abroad.

My name is Ben Akselrad and I have spent the last year at Indiana University. Langston? There, I gained a perspective on my generation. We care, We really do but it is too hard to make change. We feel powerless and for fair reasons. The main obstacle that deters Us from hawthorne mimicking the hughes, actions of hawthorne name meaning our parents is the opportunity cost. What is one#8217;s motivation if he knows that nothing will blossom from his sweat? We know that any change that We have will not be directly significant.

What America and the world needs today is something from which best shows the effects of the great depression a higher power. With that in mind, if I choose to devote my time to sitting out in the quad, with signs and fanfare against the bad news that is hawthorne name meaning, reported every night, I raise the possibility of not using that time more effectively. Instead, I could be entertaining myself with fulfilling the responsibilities the come with being 18-23 years old. When my parents were in The Horrors of Animal Abuse Essay, college, things were different. Their generation was more exposed to the dangers of meaning conscription for a war that they mistrusted and were challenged with leaders that attempted to circumvent the Constitution. Sexual? Us, we are very removed from sacrifice. In fact, life is hawthorne meaning, very good. Just by Essay Systems Case living on this hemisphere and in this country, life is way better than it could be anywhere else. Hawthorne Meaning? At this moment, the country is shielding us from most of the problems that exist outside our borders. The only thing that we have to deal with is fear and to fall of bastille, that, our inner voice decides, #8220;Akuna Mutata.

When you live in a delicious college town like Bloomington, Indiana that offers you access to so many wonderful activities and experiences, there is no need to worry. Just be happy.#8221; I know this is at hawthorne, least close to the truth because I am a little different I have been to the other side. This past year, for example, my friend Brian and I jumped on hughes works, a bus that took us what seemed like 16 hours away, dropping us off in Washington, D.C. for the day to hawthorne meaning, march on Washington with other, similarly frustrated individuals. I devoted a lot of time to go and I enjoyed that time but the next day, when I returned to campus, things were the same; there was still gridlock in the government and a cowboy was leading a crusade. So, as you can see, time has passed and the effects of the great, the rally#8217;s efforts were useless with the exception of us exercising our rights. If there was a sudden draft, though, then We, the students, would react stronger but until then, we will continue to just bask in the decline of our civilization. Until that day, things should be expected to remain the same. However, I can make one promise: In the upcoming, presidential election, We will stop procrastinating and hawthorne name, vote a new direction. Centralized. Passionate. Influential.

The powerful descriptors of a monumental generation: the The Horrors of Animal Essay, Baby Boomers. This definitive generation had the opportunity to experience something their predecessors had not, something novel and free: college. Through their experiences of name meaning mind expansion by multiple means, this generation resurrected American society by for him assuming an active role, a centralized role according to Rick Perlstein in his essay #8216;What#8217;s the Matter With College?#8217;, during the turbulent era of the #8217;60s and #8217;70s. But college has seemed to have lost that centrality, that former fervor, according to Perlstein; this is not so. Before one can lead one must follow, our generation just seems to be scraping the back of the previous generation#8217;s heels a little sooner than expected. Generation X. Generation neXt. We are the next generation and we are simply synchronized in the high-octane, rapid-fire pace of life. Hawthorne? We have adapted to the new rhythm of life. We want action now, not later. Information Systems Case Analysis? Other generations had patience, a virtue long lost in modern terminology; we have the desire to persevere, to hawthorne name, succeed, to sexual, establish ourselves and we need to accomplish this now. The Boomer generation was sailing uncharted waters, uncertain of the final outcome, uncertain of what the hawthorne meaning, future held.

Because they have explored these oceans of knowledge and experiences our generation is not daunted by this feat. As high school students we attempt to accomplish everything, be the Essay Harm, model student to our prospective universities when previous generations did not worry about hawthorne meaning it. College was a novel experience for them but our generation endures the sensations our parents endured then in of Animal, high school. Name? Between scholastic bowl, mathletes, football games, band practice, drama rehearsal, and The Horrors of Animal Abuse, study sessions we are practically on meaning, our own, independent to schedule ourselves properly within the chaotic high school atmosphere. While our parents experienced their freedom during college we experience ours throughout our daily lives.

The freedoms are parents experienced were transferred onto us, merely faster. The Horrors Of Animal Abuse? I look around and see 10-year-olds wielding cell phones, creating MySpaces, and hawthorne, downloading music onto their iPods; the upcoming generation seems to be cruising at a subtle autobahn-like speed while we cruise at the posted speed limit of 55 mph. Our generation set a new speed limit, set the next bar; future generations are already pushing the limit, touching the bar, setting a new pace. Works? Although we may not present ourselves the way previous generations have we seem satisfied with our lax, reserved reflection on the world. Does this make us less centralized, less involved, less passionate? No#8230; we are just as active, if not overactive, and forward as our predecessors but we present ourselves in a different manner. Hawthorne Meaning? We are defining ourselves anew; not looking to the past but always to the future. College may be losing its former fervor due to the desensitization of society via technology, globalization, and college preparation throughout high school. In the #8217;60s and #8217;70s there were no such classes that prepared you for college, they thought the ACT and quotes, SAT were just more idiotic survey tests and rarely cared; now your score practically defines you to name meaning, your prospective colleges. Because we have been over-exposed throughout our high school careers the thought of college is nothing too new. Surely we shall remain open to new experiences and new people in college but it is just a segue into another chapter of our lives.

Perhaps because we were over-exposed to these experiences rather early, erected college upon a pedestal in our minds, and became disappointed at Essay on Gun Cause Harm to Children Watkins, our own expectations of college. Because we desire so much more, because we are impatient, we are constantly unsatisfied. Will we ever be satisfied? Will we ever amount to our pre-meditated manifestation? We stay at our universities with its sober, uninteresting elements because at this day and name meaning, age it is for him, necessary to have a degree to prove we are successful. Although our creative, original generation may hate the drab life of college we do not leave because #8220;higher education is more important than ever to America#8217;s future#8221;. Perhaps young and imaginative Hamilton Morris despised the college life because he chose the wrong university; University of Chicago#8217;s reputation of rather comical slogans precedes them. Previous generations viewed college as a break from the average life where we see college as a mere continuality.

The fluidity of our generation, the continuum of our culture surpasses all prior ambitions and expectations. Meaning? We are defining ourselves, we are re-writing the definition of college. The lines between the real world and college were discrete but are now indistinguishable. College, the experience, has not disappeared; it is not disappearing. The previous definition of college is reappearing in a new light, being re-defined by langston works modern standards; the college experience has been transformed. We, our generation, my generation, has discovered themselves already through the name meaning, over-committed, competitive atmosphere of Essay about high school and the new speed of life.

College is here to expand upon our discoveries. Name? This college experience is not disappearing but rather being reinvented, resurrected from its ornate entitlement into Crimes Cause Serious Harm to Children the 21st century, the neXt generation, our generation. We shall stand on the sidelines of the world spectrum, observing the faults and analyzing the problems, and when we are ready we shall act. Observe now, vigorously, passionately, voraciously. Act later.

TODAY#8217;S GENERATION OF COLLEGE STUDENTS WILL FACE DIFFICULT CHALLENGES: College Can Teach Them How. Each August minivans stuffed to capacity with matching bed sets, shower caddies, and new laptops make their way across our nation#8217;s highways destined for a college campus near you. The event marks the culmination of a child#8217;s long and arduous pathway to adulthood which includes stressful Saturday mornings spent filling in bubbles with a sharpened number two pencil, the dreadfully agonizing college essay, the resume, and teacher recommendations for ten different college applications or more. Although most American teenagers want to hawthorne meaning, spend their nights watching American idol and chatting on America online, getting into of Animal college is considered the most important characteristic of a young adult in many high pressure school districts across the hawthorne name, country. After choosing which college to attend, and getting a profile setup on Facebook (in order to meet people in advance of actually getting to The Horrors, school), it is finally time to move in. Inevitably, the last box is transferred from trunk to dorm, the hawthorne name meaning, awkward experience of roommate-parent introductions has passed, and it is time for the child to officially assume the title of #8220;college student#8221;. But besides the much celebrated freedom, and guilt free late night pizza consumption, do you ever wonder what is really valued by today#8217;s college student?

A generation ago, the nation was in a state of Essay turmoil. Raised by parents who had defeated Communism and Fascism in name meaning, World War II and then propelled America#8217;s economy into the stratosphere by the mid 1960s, the original baby boom generation had little direction because their parents were too busy carving out their own path to success. For them, college was a time to find a purpose in hughes works, life, to find their inner voice, and determine what the generation as a whole would value in name meaning, the coming years. But while the baby-boom generation desperately needed to find itself in college, today#8217;s generation has experienced a totally different reality. Pushed to for him, succeed from childbirth, today#8217;s college-aged generation was forced to participate in band, musicals, sports, and college credit earning Advanced Placement classes throughout high school. This generation has not had the opportunity to sit on a bench in the local park and just think. They have spent a lifetime being told what to name, do and on Gun Serious by Christine, what to think about it. Hawthorne Name Meaning? And if it wasn#8217;t their parent#8217;s constant push to get them involved, it was the seemingly infinite collection of media inputs clouding their minds and deemphasizing the importance of individual thought. Today#8217;s college age generation is infatuated with technological stimulation. Ipods, the Internet, video games, movies, and quotes for him, cell phones create a collective disregard for learning and name, thinking independently..

A strong statement, indeed, but step inside a lecture hall and which best shows of the on americans?, what you see may shock you. The students that actually decide to hawthorne name meaning, show up prefer to sleep, do crossword puzzles, chat, and text message their friends on their cell phones, rather than engage in the material being presented by the professor who is left wondering if the students are really dim, just don#8217;t care, or both. Unfortunately for America, the college experience has never been more crucial to the future of the country. Gone are the days when we could solve our international problems with an assembly line at home and a platoon abroad. As the last several decades have shown, our future will revolve around diplomatically and creatively dealing with issues such as immigration, fair trade, religious extremism, and conflicts over of bastille scarce resources. The opportunity to learn and polish the skills necessary to deal with difficult issues does exist on our college campuses, but many students simply aren#8217;t looking. Many students major in hawthorne name, business or decide to be pre-med but, it is in the history classes, and political science classes, English classes, and philosophy classes that we learn to think. Most treat these classes as annoying electives in the path to triple digit salaries. But these classes teach us how to think critically and how to survive in the increasingly confusing world we live in.

They teach us how to take control of our great democracy, rather than allowing our democracy to fall, control us. They teach us how to hold our leaders accountable and become leaders ourselves. Unlike generations before, today#8217;s generation does not face a future laid out before them. Hawthorne Name Meaning? The purpose of works this generation will not revolve around dictatorial induced World Wars or a commitment to ideological warfare against Communism. This generation has a unique opportunity to create the future it will inhabit. Will it stop genocide in Darfur? Will it Reach out to meaning, the Islamic world and mend its relationship with the West? Or will this generation make a commitment to restoring faith in its own Government?

Put simply, will this generation be a leader in the global world, or will it sit back and Essay about Information Systems Case, wait for the future to happen and unfold on hawthorne name meaning, cable news? Lyndon B. Johnson once remarked that, #8220;the classroom-not the trench-is the which best shows of the depression, frontier of freedom now and forevermore#8221;. And now, more than ever, the future of American freedom rests on the shoulders of hawthorne our college aged young men and women. Although many current students now view college as four years of unbridled joy seeking, filled with alcohol consumption severely lacking in the pursuit of knowledge, it is critically important that this college-aged generation acquires the necessary skills to langston hughes works, navigate America safely into the future. It is hawthorne name meaning, critical that today#8217;s college aged generation does not miss out on sexual, a solid understanding of our democratic process.

If the hawthorne name, future leaders of this country do not understand the principles on which it is Essay about Information Systems Case Analysis, based, such as its having a government created by the people, for the people, there is no telling in what direction we may go. America#8217;s values, principles, and beliefs will continue to guide its course during the 21st Century. Name? But whether those ideas lead the country to new heights or send it into the doldrums of a thoughtless, apathetic, and wasteful society hinges on the college experience of this generation. And this tremendously important and very real question is being answered in lecture halls across the nation at this very moment. Every April, I freak out. Paper deadlines loom dangerously, final exams are just weeks away, and time is running out to find something impressive to do over the summer.

Each night, I retreat to my nook in the library, armed with the usual end-of-semester paraphernalia: laptop, granola bars, notes to be spread out and piled high. I wonder how on earth the year passed by so quickly, and vow not to let anything, not even the warmth of of bastille early spring, distract me from my last chances at good grades. But on an unusually frigid Monday last April, when I should have been seated in a seminar room discussing Mary Wollstonecraft#8217;s feminist thought, I was at hawthorne meaning, Boston#8217;s Heartbreak Hill, scanning the Boston Marathon crowd for my friends Becca and Sophia. They didn#8217;t mind when I initially said I#8217;d be unable to cheer them on, understanding not only of bastille that April is a high-stress month, but also that I#8217;m a high-stress person. However, our friends Stephanie, Dave, and hawthorne name meaning, Greg, all much nicer and less nerdy than I am, were going to Boston, and, following a moment of hughes weakness, I was on hawthorne meaning, board, too, though not without reservations. It was one of the most un-me things I#8217;d ever done, cutting class in April, and I couldn#8217;t quite believe I was actually doing it until I got off the Greyhound at South Station, heavy with guilt. No offense to Mary Wollstonecraft, but, after seeing Sophia blast through the last few yards and hearing Becca#8217;s voice on my cell phone minutes after she crossed the finish line, I felt foolish for originally wanting to skip Boston for A Vindication of the Rights of Women. Though intellectual enrichment is for him, a vital component of the college experience, so, too, I realized, is playing hooky ditching the books for the friends. Like giving up candy, it#8217;s a hard thing to hawthorne name, convince ourselves to do, but comes with huge payoffs.

My friend Brenda, for example, once admitted to me that she probably would have done better on hughes, her final exams had she not been up all night comforting a friend going through a breakup. But, Brenda went on, with a wave of name meaning her hand, whatever. Similarly, I now have the memory of Sophia, smiling through tears, telling us that she wouldn#8217;t have made it through the race without us there at Essay Crimes Cause Serious Harm, Heartbreak Hill. Would I trade that for the ability to quote Wollstonecraft#8217;s view on motherhood at the next cocktail party I attend? I#8217;d be crazy if I did. Name Meaning? Certainly, I#8217;m not advocating that college students take up a lifestyle of no work and all play. Of course we come to college primarily to of bastille, learn, but as my classmates and I get caught up in the drive to hawthorne name meaning, achieve, it#8217;s sometimes harder to maintain close friendships than a 4.0 GPA. In fact, I have friends whom I#8217;d never see if we didn#8217;t make appointments to do so. It#8217;s surprisingly difficult to just bump into Essay Case Analysis people these days, and hawthorne meaning, even when you do, chances are one of you is on her way somewhere class, the library, the internship and hasn#8217;t the sexual quotes for him, time to chat.

But the name meaning, college friendship really is the heart of the college experience, and we must fight to the bone to ensure its continuation. If this necessitates cutting back on sexual quotes, the busyness, so be it, for hawthorne in this funny in-between stage, as we negotiate between the worlds of dependent childhood and autonomous adulthood, the only people who really get what we#8217;re going through, at the time we are going through it, are our college friends. Of The Great Depression? After all, we#8217;re in hawthorne meaning, it together. We study, party, eat, drink, and sometimes even sleep together, creating contained communities of learning, laughter, and love. To Children By Christine Watkins? Surely, though, we are better friends with some people than others. In Book VIII of meaning his Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle divides friendships into three categories: friendships of hughes utility, friendships of pleasure, and friendships of the good. Friendships of utility are with those with whom we interact only hawthorne name because it benefits us in some way the lab partner, for example, or the teaching assistant, people with whom we are friendly, but maintain only a surface-level relationship. Friendships of pleasure are ones where people enjoy each other#8217;s company through a shared activity, such as being on the same sports team. However, such a friendship may end should the activity terminate and the friends part ways.

Friendships of the good, though, are the deepest and most valuable, for such relationships are based not just on the pleasure of each other#8217;s company, but also on a mutual respect for each other#8217;s characters and Essay on Gun Crimes Serious Harm to Children by Christine, values. College is a place where we find ourselves in all three types of friendships, and the challenge is meaning, identifying and maintaining those in the third category. After all, once we graduate and enter the #8220;real world#8221; as #8220;adults,#8221; we#8217;re probably going to want a good friend, rather than a utility or pleasure friend, to share dinner with when the of bastille, workday gets too rough, or the spouse and kids become unbearable. Likewise, it#8217;s most likely going to be a good friend who will come running at hawthorne, the drop of shows the effects great a hat. So how can one tell whether or not a friend is hawthorne name, a good friend? It#8217;s actually not too hard, once you look up from quotes your flurry of obligations. Hawthorne Name? They#8217;re the ones who can convince you, either explicitly or implicitly, to of Animal, play hooky.

They#8217;re the ones who enjoy your company too much to hawthorne, let you numb your brain in the library all day. They#8217;re the sexual quotes, ones who, through their delightful personalities alone, persuade you to get away from hawthorne name your frenzy of busyness and actually have a conversation when you pass on the street. When April comes around, the grimy snow melts, and the trees on campus bloom, a good friend will convince an Essay, overachiever like me to meaning, lie barefoot on the grass, instead of fall freaking out. A good friend will show you that, even though your term paper is due next week, you really wouldn#8217;t want to hawthorne name meaning, miss out on a trip to Boston. Good friends ensure that your college experience is a full experience, rather than an oppressive gig at a paper-writing factory. Year after year, studies report that not only college students, but also college-bound high schoolers, are becoming increasingly driven, often obsessively so.

They enter their twenties with resumes padded with internships, activities, and academic honors, often at the expense of sleep. This surely is a change from a generation ago, when most college kids spent the fall, summers scooping ice cream or hitchhiking, rather than shooting documentary films in Africa or investment banking. But what hasn#8217;t changed are the college friendships, the ones that take you out of yourself and show you the world, the ones that make life colorful and exciting. It was never any secret, now or in the years past, that the college social scene is an meaning, active one, where friendships persist in thriving. As a Mecca of human connection, where young people can relish in the joy of togetherness, uninterrupted for four years, the college experience continues to matter. In, #8220;What#8217;s the Matter With College?#8221; by Rick Perlstein, he asks, #8220;Why does student life no longer seem important? Well I have my own reactions to why this seems so, and Essay Crimes Serious Harm to Children by Christine Watkins, I will also explain why college is still very important, but it is not the defining factor in our society today. To compare the college generation today to the college generations of the 1960s and 1970s is to compare two different eras, two different cultures, and two very different citizens of The United States. As a current student at hawthorne name, Rutgers University, The State School of about Systems New Jersey in the information age I willingly and unwillingly make decisions everyday based on the era in name, which I lived. My fellow college students and I are constantly connected to the people we interact with.

Very few moments in my life am I further than a phone call on my cellular telephone away. Previous generations have not had that luxury; there was a time difference with uncertainty because of the delay of communication. When information is delayed it requires us to make a decision without outside influences. Within the college community the quest for Essay about Information Case Analysis knowledge is hawthorne meaning, no longer verbally transmitted to the extent it once was. The forum to The Horrors of Animal Abuse Essay, display views is now on the internet. Even television today is not an open communication, what is received by our television and eventually by its patrons is hawthorne name meaning, decided by major corporations with their own political agendas.

Kids learn from their parents, but when parents are not around kids to teen, they are forced to still make important decisions. Aside from divorce at an all time high, and negligent parents, and multi spouse workers, kids today are generally on their own. Some pre teens have been responsible for their well being and self care since elementary school, if not all the time at least some of their day time is looked after not by a chaperone but by on Gun Crimes Cause to Children by Christine Watkins themselves. In previous decades this has not been the norm. Parents tended to be more family oriented and less work driven. Since education has been pushed so hard in recent years it now seems as though college is no longer exceptional, it has turned into high school, where teenagers go for four years because, that#8217;s just what you do. In this newly accepted, larger than average, more diverse, high school of ours we find ourselves no where near complete as adults. Even with the constant flow of information on our cell phones, or internet, or cell phones with the internet we find ourselves ill equipped to actually make a difference in any political decisions. We know that this is the name meaning, next step before our professional lives but what once was defining enough, to go to best shows the effects great on americans?, college, only seems like a stepping stone in the never ending pond.

Rather than arranging a march, or making posters to be paraded in crowded streets, which was at name meaning, one time the reasonable way to project a view on main policies. We, the Essay Case, information age, find ourselves blogging on hawthorne, the internet or sending emails to political officials. We also find ourselves, the ones who even find the internet as a way to voice opinion, taking online polls. The problem with the internet savvy college students is that it does not have the langston hughes, same impact to political officials. In the 1960s and 1970s there were no blogs, there were not even well established internet forums to acknowledge different opinions. Now there are minimal physical confrontations with the meaning, public and public officials. In an unofficial polling of my current media class few college students had ever met a state elected official. Is this lack of physical representation the shows the effects great depression on americans?, fault of the hawthorne name meaning, students, or the officials they elected? It has become the way of our generation to great on americans?, write questions rather than actually take action.

Dare I say it but even this essay is a written response to name meaning, a question rather than a proposal for any type of action. The times have changed; college is no longer the last step to a person#8217;s story. Decades ago a common question for parents of Essay about Information Systems Case 18 to 21 year old was, are your children going to college, now it seems almost automatic that you children are either going to college or will be. Now the more appropriate question is what type of profession is your child going to go in after he graduates college. College in 2007 has now become a teacher in the tools for the world after college. It seems as though college is not to be experienced, it is more a hurdle to get through. Name? We are mostly taught the newest facts and the newest way to communicate, and of course as fast and efficiently as we can. When I interviewed a classmate of mine, named Sean, about why he was attending Rutgers University, he answered by saying this is where I need to be to end up making the money I deserve. Just as I expected, he was in this fairly recognizable university not because he wanted to be here or he thought this would help him develop as an adult, but he is here to receive a degree and earn money in his profession. Shows The Effects Of The On Americans?? This type of answer is common among modern college students. We have taught ourselves that the present is not as important as the future we are preparing for.

My peers and name, I no longer are expected to question authority, we are no longer a college community, and about Systems Case, we are just individuals waiting another four years to get a degree where we can then begin our lives as adults. Imagine an alternate 2007, one in which John Coltrane is still alive, his tenor#8217;s sheets of sound undiminished despite his advanced age. Imagine that I, only hawthorne meaning a senior in fall, college, have managed to swindle a perennially-stoned beatnik into surrendering Trane#8217;s cell digits. (To reveal my methods would be to risk incarceration at the hands of the DEA.) And then imagine that I#8217;ve had every student in my dormitory send him a text message simultaneously, begging him to give us an impromptu recital and to hawthorne name, bring McCoy Tyner along, too. But stop imagining. Because not even the for him, strongest suspension of disbelief could withstand this next part, which requires the geriatric saxophonist to fly into Dulles airport and drive south, past Richmond, to Williamsburg, Va.: home of the College of William #038; Mary, where, no matter how bated our collective breath, an A-list jazz musician will never set foot. And it is not our fault; it#8217;s not because our cinder block lounges have acoustics that would make an aesthete#8217;s ears bleed. Meaning? Nor is it because heaps of W#038;M#8217;s students fit David Brook#8217;s #8220;organizational student#8221; mold to a T. It#8217;s because of what#8217;s beyond our campus walls, a Williamsburg that conflates two of America#8217;s least stimulating backdrops: suburbia and the tourist trap. Which Shows Depression? Yet I continue to love my college, and I try not to hawthorne name meaning, think about my imminent graduation. Campuses themselves still smack pleasantly of socialist utopian communities.

William #038; Mary is a self-contained world. Everything is within walking distance; people establish identities to correspond with their names; if we try, whole weeks can pass unburdened by commercial transactions, free of on Gun Crimes Cause Harm to Children by Christine Watkins buying and selling. Granted, the line between bucolic intellectual bastion and Ivory Tower is hawthorne meaning, a thin one, but we manage, if barely, to stay on the proper side. Shows Depression On Americans?? Nevertheless, Rick Perlstein is hawthorne, partially correct: America#8217;s universities struggle to exempt themselves from a consumer culture that#8217;s arguably more endemic than ever before. Even at William #038; Mary, where more than a few students help put the Essay Crimes Cause Harm by Christine, #8220;liberal#8221; in #8220;liberal arts,#8221; the would-be radicals have more predictable tastes than their moderate counterparts.

Nearly all of W#038;M#8217;s hipsters endorse the same political solutions, listen to identical music, wear similar clothing and attend lectures en bloc. The result is a group more homogenous than the hawthorne name meaning, mainstream, which is, of course, despised for its homogeneity. Facebook is a testament to the average undergraduate#8217;s solipsism; we spend enough time gazing at ourselves. Should the rest of the country join in? Mr. Perlstein decries the lack of fall on-campus protests, believing that the media would have good reasons to pay attention if picket lines were alive and well. W#038;M has its share of protests, but these, too, seem motivated by name narcissism. Like movie stars trumpeting the causes of langston Africa, students brandishing anti-X and hawthorne, pro-Y signs are motivated by the hope that they will be noticed, not the atrocities they advertise. It#8217;s no wonder Mr. Perlstein thinks that no protesters exist: their efforts are in no way conducive to spreading the langston hughes works, word.

Staring at such types in coffeehouses, it must be easy to shake one#8217;s head and start searching for genuine revolutionaries elsewhere. But you#8217;re going to have to take my word for it: at college, there#8217;s still plenty going on behind closed doors, and there#8217;s good reason for the doors to hawthorne, stay closed. We, like Doug Mitchell, will one day be waxing nostalgic about the uncensored, all-night debates in our lounges, even if we aren#8217;t fortunate enough to fall of bastille, have Ralph Ellison as a moderator. Many of us are still asking the Big Questions: do we want to live in a country where day-to-day life is characterized by making predictable purchases in uniform environments? How are we to defeat that oft-promulgated corporate lie money equals happiness if college becomes nothing more than a prep-school for six-figure careers? Can our urge to educate ourselves and others be anything more than elitist, selfish and deluded? Don#8217;t even get me started on the metaphysical and hawthorne, existential dilemmas.

Suffice to The Horrors Abuse, say, we#8217;re taking nothing at face value, relishing every moment away from hawthorne our former stomping grounds. Sexual For Him? It#8217;s probably difficult to believe that a place selling itself as #8220;America#8217;s Hottest Small State School,#8221; a place within walking distance of colonial reenactors playing to masses of hawthorne name fanny-packed families, has actually cast me into fall of bastille Mr. Perlstein#8217;s dream-world of hawthorne meaning #8220;cultural and intellectual tumult,#8221; but it has. Colleges might not #8220;look like that#8221; anymore, but Mr. Which Shows Depression? Perlstein ought to have learned long before his Chicago days that looks can be deceiving.

Manicured quads, diversity statistics, micromanaged extracurricular activities: beneath these vestiges of the present-day college system there are still students doing actual learning, complete with all of the enlightening and humanizing discoveries connoted by that term. Name Meaning? Why, then, are we so reluctant to come out of the woodwork? I think it#8217;s because we#8217;re still learning, sharpening the of bastille, necessary tools for our adult lives. The individual lust for power is what poisons so much of this country; to seek the spotlight is to seek control, and that#8217;s the opposite of what we want. Our goal is to transcend the hawthorne name meaning, problem of authority altogether. Sexual Quotes For Him? We#8217;re patient enough to bide our time, willing to concede that our greatest ideological battles will be waged after graduation, instead of hawthorne before it. If Mr. Perlstein is looking for empirical evidence of Essay Crimes Harm to Children by Christine Watkins our forthcoming brilliance, it#8217;s no surprise that he#8217;s hard-pressed to find it. We haven#8217;t delivered it yet. Because we#8217;re twenty-something perfectionists, and when we change the world, we want to be positive that we#8217;ll do it right. Let us keep quiet.

Let us bicker amongst ourselves for a year or two more, while we#8217;re still blessedly free of responsibilities. After all, the most subversive figures are never the loudmouths. There#8217;s a difference between precocity and overzealousness. Name? College matters because enough of us are leaving it with the more materialistic urges of our high school selves finally dying out. Fall Of Bastille? Even if the #8220;college experience#8221; is at times infantilizing, much of modern life is, and students know that we must change it. It takes at hawthorne meaning, least four years, but college forces us to face the reality that everyone else is dying to forget: that there is a long term, and that no amount of purchasing power can diffuse its potential bleakness. Forget our propensity to consume. We#8217;re enthralled with our propensity to revise.

At college, in college, from college pick your favorite preposition capital-I Idealism still thrives. In our 2007, John Coltrane is deceased, yes, but his music still haunts many an iPod. War protests may lack their Vietnam-era gusto, but Tropic of Capricorn has made the leap from blacklists to syllabi. It#8217;s people like #8216;Trane and Henry Miller who inspire us to listen, to read, to prepare. So please, go right ahead: ignore us while you can. Sexual Quotes? Ignore us while you should. In a few short years, we will not let you. Your Perception: A college freshman strolls through the hawthorne meaning, majestic quad, gazing through the on Gun by Christine Watkins, leaded glass at cultured peers published writers, Olympians, Presidents#8217; daughters vigorously completing their current assignment, under the watchful eye of a tenured professor writing their next national bestseller and appearing tomorrow on The Today Show.

An iPod-weilding classmate engrossed in Nabokov nods hello as he walks by. The Ivory Tower, in all of its shining glory, seen from name any vantage point on sexual quotes for him, the bucolic campus and heard throughout the quaint college town, asserts its hourly prominence as the bells toll. College. While this scene is indeed the desire of countless applicants to the nations#8217; top Universities, to many of the graduates that will soon attend their 20 or 30 year reunion, this has become the image of ignorance, disconnect, and hawthorne meaning, overall lack of quotes for him commitment to wreaking havoc on hawthorne meaning, #8220;the system,#8221; rallying against hughes works injustice, and sticking it to the man. Is this true? In the forty years since #8220;What are we going to do with Berkeley,#8221; has college lost its radical voice? Where have all the out-of-control protests and seizing of meaning campus buildings gone? Is college as critical to the nation as it seemingly once was? College is more critical, more proactive and determined to sexual quotes for him, effect change than ever before. Meaning? In 1969, a group of Essay about Information Analysis students took over the Student Union at Cornell University. Some armed with rifles, their action resulted in countless changes, even restructuring the Board of hawthorne Trustees.

A swift, yet violent and sexual quotes for him, controversial, action leading to changes still in effect today. Why haven#8217;t today#8217;s students taken over meaning a building when they need change? It simply does not occur students#8217; tactics have changed to meet and overcome societal standards. Essay On Gun Cause Harm? In 1970, a protest at Kent State University led to shooting of some students by hawthorne name meaning the Ohio National Guard. This in turn sparked protests across the nation, with over 4 million students involved, even culminating in a protest in Washington D.C. Langston Hughes Works? According to the Urban Institute, it was the only nationwide student strike in name meaning, history. Although a quick scan over recent news will not show any violent protest raging on campuses, students#8217; critical eye towards America and about Information Systems, great issues has not gone blind.

On the contrary, college has performed its critical duties more effectively, and to meaning, equate building takeovers with the level of political fire in students#8217; bellies is irrational, bordering idiocy. College has taken on new meaning, becoming a new force in works, society. Students#8217; actions have changed, but not the motivation to effect change. Students at the University of Maryland and the College of William and Mary have run for city council seats. Over two million Facebook users have added the meaning, #8220;Causes#8221; application to their profile, where users select organizations environmental, political, or otherwise that they support and raise money for; donations are made directly through the website.

College has evolved to become an active institution, integral to society, that is effecting change in the real world. Essay? Perhaps another reason for the absence of major protests is hawthorne name meaning, that colleges and students have learned from the which best shows of the depression on americans?, past. It may be the one place where history does not always repeat itself. Always on the cusp of the next big thing, driving change. Assuming that new ideas and hawthorne, thinking are associated with each generation, college is where those ideas materialize and mature. More of the same would lead to fall of bastille, a stagnant society.

Unfortunately, after college, some forget where many of these great ideas first manifested. Just as globalization affects nations#8217; economy, culture, and politics, it affects the relationship between college and society. The boundary between the learning and hawthorne name, the learned has thankfully faded. Today, students do not look to be solely educated in one isolated, although idyllic, campus. Sexual Quotes For Him? Why not study abroad in China? Attend the medical school at hawthorne name meaning, the University#8217;s extension in Qatar? One#8217;s quest for which shows depression knowledge and understanding does not end when the bell rings and classes are over.

In this ultra-connected, high tech world, why not offer lectures as podcasts, for the iPod-weilding student mentioned above? Long-distance learning through online, interactive classes? Should all advancements be abandoned simply because the so-called centrality of collegiate education seems to hawthorne, be diminishing? And that ambiguous centrality is that simply defined as all students living and Essay about Systems Case Analysis, learning in the same zip code? Can#8217;t college be central and at the same time be connected to the world around it? It is, and it should be. College is transitioning from name just being talked about by on Gun Crimes Cause to Children Watkins politicians, to students being a vital and vibrant part of the political process. A friend at hawthorne name meaning, Dartmouth had not even finished freshman year before John Edwards and Barack Obama came to visit (granted, New Hampshire isn#8217;t just any state in the political arena, but that doesn#8217;t diminish the fact the presidential candidates stopped there rather than discussing it during a debate). Cause Serious Harm By Christine? One reason for Mr.

Obama#8217;s early success was his viral Internet campaign, bringing thousands of name meaning students and recent graduates on Information Systems Analysis, board his ship earlier in the election season (has it even started yet?) than ever before. Because he embraced technology rather than avoiding it, Mr. Obama gained the attention and respect of a previously untapped outlet. This has led to a legitimate debate on YouTube; ten years ago people would have scoffed at this possibility. Yesterday, America cried, #8220;What are we going to hawthorne, do with Berkeley?#8221; Today, college students cry, #8220;What are we going to Essay Cause Serious to Children by Christine Watkins, do with America?#8221; And with that question in mind, college students have been the motivation behind the most cutting edge campaign strategies, the greater attempts at informing voters, as well as increasing the public#8217;s awareness of world issues notably, the genocide in Darfur. College has indeed grown up from being America#8217;s problem child. Hawthorne Name Meaning? Our Reality: A college freshman strolls through the majestic quad, gazing through the leaded glass at cultured peers all leaders vigorously discussing their project in which they compared aid packages they created for Essay on Gun Harm to Children by Christine the LDC#8217;s (least developed countries) to actual IMF (International Monetary Fund) aid packages, under the watchful eye of a tenured professor writing the next post on their blog that receives thousands of hits per hawthorne meaning day and appearing tomorrow on YouTube. Langston Hughes Works? An iPod-weilding classmate listening to meaning, the latest podcast, #8220;The World Beyond the Headlines from the University of about Systems Chicago#8221; engrossed in Al Gore#8217;s The Assault on Reason stops and asks your opinion on the latest wire tapping decision by George W. Bush. A heated debate erupts, as other students walking by join in, only to be resolved on the condition that a new student organization is formed to debate current issues and subsequently publish the results and name meaning, opinions in The Horrors Abuse, a campus journal, and eventually a national news outlet. In Doha, the clock tower, built in a style reminiscent of Islamic art, seen from any vantage point on the international campus and heard throughout the bustling economic center of Qatar, asserts its hourly prominence as the bells toll. College.

Boomers and hawthorne meaning, Their Babies: The Perfect Storm for Ruining Higher Education. This is a story about an hughes, institution called Liberal Arts College, the ideals it promised to hawthorne name, live by and the sexual for him, people that were selected to fulfill those ideals. The protagonists are the pursuit of meaning knowledge, the betterment of which best the effects of the great depression on americans? society and the attainment of the hawthorne, good life. The antagonists are the faculty and of bastille, the students. Meaning? This is a story about how the protagonists were defeated by the antagonists. Quotes For Him? This story is a fable and name meaning, it is also true. It is on Gun Cause Harm by Christine Watkins, a fable, because it leaves out the full story: teams of hawthorne name meaning researchers leading the fight against sexual for him cancer, aids and other ills, students who are genuinely passionate about learning, work hard, desire bettering the world around them and treat others with love and kindness, professors who when not creating excellent works, tirelessly devote themselves to their students. Hawthorne Meaning? Before I take my broad brush, a caveat. About Information Systems Analysis? As practiced in America, college encompasses a broad range of hawthorne name experiences.

Which is typical: Ole Miss progeny of the southern elite using the Greek system to hook up, get wild and make business connections or a child of working-class immigrants, cramming for a test on the subway ride that takes her from Abuse New York#8217;s City College to her part time job? Is college pre-professional (Berklee School of Music), polytechnic (RPI), holistic (Bard), historically all-black (Howard) or all of the above? Although movies suggest otherwise, if we go by the numbers, the typical college student doesn#8217;t even live on campus; he or she commutes from meaning home and more often than not attends a two-year school. Yet regardless of Essay Information Systems whether it has ever even existed, it is the Platonic college that captures the imagination of America#8217;s hyper-educated white-collar professionals, an unrealized ideal. It hardly matters whether this dream college be big or small, private or public, so long as there be a prominent and grassy enclosure where students cover Jimi Hendrix on their acoustics for atmospheric affect as they debate the merits of the categorical imperative, existentialism, and the ever burning question: what to meaning, do about the Essay on Gun Crimes Cause Harm by Christine, proverbial #8220;man#8221;. The children of these boomers, we have been promised this dream college. Both the children and hawthorne, the college have been saddled with the weight of impossible expectations. At Dream College, students turn inward #8220;to figure out the real me#8221;, a sense of purpose and #8220;my true passion#8221;. At Dream College, #8220;tons of people#8221;#8212;who are #8220;super-talented#8221;, #8220;amazing#8221;, #8220;incredible#8221; and of Animal Abuse Essay, other words for name meaning trite#8212;- #8220;get serious about excellence#8221; and realize each of their highest potentials. Different AND equal, they are always next to each other inspiring. Jazz musicians, football players, ballerinas and community activists, helping each other reach the top.

At Dream College, students spend their time looking at sexual, society, caring, questioning, probing, empathizing and demanding change. After crying for hawthorne meaning any action to end the Essay Information Case, genocide in Darfur (short of using U.S. forces to hawthorne name meaning, stop an enemy whose main method of military transport is horseback), students at Dream College will save America from President Bush by discussing his administrations policies in an alarmed tone of sexual quotes voice before starting a successful letter writing campaign convincing him to not have invaded Iraq. At Dream College, multi-talented, creative, passionate, intellectually serious people interact not only with the best minds of their generation but also the best minds of their parent#8217;s generation: a top notch baby boomer faculty devoted towards the pursuit of truth, progress and excellence, the Plato to our Aristotle, if you will. And it was this very special college that I thought I was enrolling in when I decided to hawthorne meaning, attend the very prestigious and important Harvard University. On Gun Cause Serious Harm? What could possibly go wrong? The very same baby boomer generation that is crazy enough to believe the marketing brochures, promising that Dream College can be attended for the low time price of only hawthorne name $160,000, albeit not teaching class at Dream College, does get to teach at best shows the effects of the great depression, Liberal Arts College.

Think about hawthorne it. When not #8220;outraged that rednecks don#8217;t believe in the theory of evolution!#8221;, they #8220;just don#8217;t relate to sexual for him, classical economics#8221;. They prize social theory over science, novelty over creativity and being right over correct and whether you want to call it guessing (as some do), baseless speculation (as others do) or #8220;both beautiful emotive and profound#8221;, professors at Liberal Arts College largely prefer this form of silent protest over #8220;logical conjecture based over overwhelming and observable evidence#8221;, a form of reasoning that is so overpowering that it frequently causes them night-terrors. At Liberal Arts College, the students, docile, practical and amoral, were raised on kudos, praises, little leagues, enrichment programs and hawthorne name meaning, a slew of extracurricular activities in the years that followed. Hughes? Having taken mainly college level courses senior year, students at hawthorne meaning, Liberal Arts College come in super prepared not only at writing well, but also at The Horrors of Animal, telling their professors what they want to hear. Hawthorne? Generally trusting of institutions, he or she is not only obedient but also deeply preoccupied with the best depression on americans?, next affirmation of his or her being special, such as getting a lucrative finance job after college. Meaning? It is the perfect storm.

Professors make up crazy benchmarks that are either arbitrary or normative. Then their apathetic and intelligent students absorb the course#8217;s logic and of Animal, learn to regurgitate its assumptions until the course finally concludes. Outside of class, students excel at music/art/community service/newspaper/debate, tirelessly devote themselves to their craft, gain a position of leadership to adorn their resume and retire gracefully. Their parents rest assured that their children are experiencing something that is at once holistic and transcendental. Meanwhile, the children rest assured that they will get a cushy job after college, providing them with the kind of material comfort that will let them one day send their own children to their alma mater, dream college. And the circle of life goes on. She was so unutterably, incalculably wrong! I#8217;m not saying I was right. I#8217;m just saying that she was wrong! She talked about Slaughterhouse-Five with distaste oozing from hawthorne name every syllable. She asked me questions about #8220;how it held up as a science fiction story,#8221; claiming to The Horrors of Animal Abuse Essay, have never really read such stuff.

She asked me the same about Frankenstein. A science fiction story. As if that were some completely different, exclusive category, incompatible with that of #8220;literature.#8221; She had us reading works of British writers, filled with unnecessary, poofy language. She gave us plays chock full of existentialism, absurdity, and cynicism. And she held herself high, the judge and sovereign of hawthorne name all things literature. Complete with funny cap and gavel.

Or at shows the effects, least, that#8217;s how I saw her through my high school senior#8217;s eyes. Hawthorne Meaning? She assigned us several books which were actually quite extraordinary, but I never noticed. I was too unhappy, disagreeing with most of her tenets so much. Of course, never once did I think of questioning her to her face. Which Best Of The Great Depression? You don#8217;t question the name meaning, teacher in high school. It never ends well if you do. Coming into college, I knew that I had some interest in that undefined cloud of arguments and counter-arguments cryptically referred to langston hughes, as #8220;philosophy#8221;. I was very curious, but still wary; the hawthorne meaning, cautionary tales about young philosophy majors, their only skill being an ability to argue about things that didn#8217;t matter to real life, always danced around in the back of my mind. So I knew I wanted to investigate the subject without committing.

Looking through the course catalogue, my eyes caught upon one of the titles. Ah-hah! #8220;Intro to philosophy#8221;! Perfect! I made sure that I was pre-assigned to shows the effects on americans?, Philosophy 101 (or 110, as it happened to be). I bought the books for the class with hopeful trepidation tickling my intellectual appetite. And finally, the class came#8230;and went. Hawthorne Name? The semester blasted past, and in no time, I was back home for winter break, with all the new knowledge of this completely bizarre subject steaming inside my head. Essay Information Systems? I came to the conclusion that while many questions had been raised in hawthorne name, that class, none of them had been sufficiently answered. A more reasonable person might have decided that, based upon such a disparity between questions raised and best depression on americans?, answers found, philosophy was a waste of time. Name Meaning? Not me. I wanted the sexual, answers to those questions.

I took several other philosophy courses as the semesters past. Hawthorne Name? #8220;Intro to Political Theory,#8221; #8220;Modern Philosophy,#8221; #8220;Philosophical Perspectives of the Self,#8221; #8220;Contemporary Philosophy,#8221; #8220;Critical Reasoning.#8221; Oh so many papers and meditations and The Horrors Abuse Essay, treatises and what-have-you. Descartes and Hume and Kant and Leibniz and Hofstetter and name, Putnam and of Animal, Blackburn#8230;on and name, on. Throughout this veritable torrent of philosophical data, I only found more questions. And what#8217;s more, these were questions that plagued my professors, too. These were real questions, waiting to sexual, be asked, not just to be answered. I remember one of my classes in name meaning, #8220;Modern Philosophy#8221; in which one of Essay about Analysis my professors had to defend the philosophy of Descartes from students more than capable of savagely tearing it into tiny metaphysical shreds. I remember a day in #8220;Contemporary Philosophy#8221; when my incredulous peers and I responded with ghastly horror at the strange ideas bombarding us, and my professor, a smile on her face, proceeded to meaning, slowly but surely demonstrate the logical soundness of these philosophies. I remember constant, endless debate in #8220;Philosophical Perspectives of the Self,#8221; between both the professor and every other student, as we all took different stances on humanity and identity, and the issues of right and wrong therein. We could question. We could think and reason and ask, without fear of retribution. We could debate with the professors themselves about such heated issues as right and which best the effects of the great depression on americans?, wrong.

My friends, if you asked them about meaning me, would likely describe me as #8220;infuriating#8221;. They often try to The Horrors Abuse, have conversations during meals, nothing requiring too much thought or analysis. Anecdotes fill the hawthorne name meaning, air, accompanied by laughter, or shock, or whatever reaction is required by the story. It#8217;s just talk. I, being infuriating, poison these simple, pleasant discussions with my endless questions. When one of my friends mentioned the sheer awesomeness of going to Essay on Gun Crimes Cause Serious to Children by Christine Watkins, some concert, I questioned her as to why it was so wonderful. When she answered, I questioned her answers, until she had to come up with some response to stave off my flow of interrogatives. Meaning? I didn#8217;t do it to be mean. I did it because I wanted an Information Systems, answer. More often than not, my attempts at hawthorne name meaning, inquiry would result in#8230;shall we say, an antagonistic response from my friends. Threats to Essay about Analysis, smack me around, or insults to my person, were common responses to my questions, as were skeptical looks and sighs of exasperation.

Through it all, however, there were the occasional conversational gems. Hawthorne Meaning? When we would discuss religion, or right and wrong, or science and morality, or pragmatism versus idealism. When we would debate literature, and Essay, art, and ideas. And every time we had one of hawthorne name meaning these discussions, afterwards, I would always be happy that we had all come to a place where we could have such conversations, where I could ask such incessant questions, without reprisal (aside from the occasional smack), and without the distractions of the shows great depression, feared #8220;real world#8221;. I will always ask questions, and name, I will always seek answers. But what I have learned from college, aside from more questions, is the sheer and utter importance of asking questions, beyond even just knowing the answers. College is entirely about questions. Why does this bacterium behave in such and such a way in such and such a solution? What happens when these numbers are permuted in this fashion? Who is responsible for which the effects the world transitioning into the modern age?

What rights should people, of any given shape or size, have? Should I go out and get drunk, or should I stay in studying? Should I sleep with this girl, knowing that we#8217;ll never have a successful relationship? What is hawthorne, it like to be drunk? What is it like to have sex? What is love? What isn#8217;t love?

If a hundred different people ask these questions, they may come to works, a hundred different answers. Name Meaning? They may each choose something different, and some choices and sexual quotes, answers may be better than others. But all the people will be able to share the experience of meaning questioning. They will take the desire to question into the rest of of Animal Abuse their lives, and, whether or not it changes any actual answers they come to, they will live better lives for their ability to question. Without an environment in which questioning is nurtured and fostered, in which the authority figures may themselves be questioned, then they might never be able to hawthorne meaning, ask those questions, bogged down as they would be within the stresses of their lives. College is the one place designed for questions, to be asked by fall of bastille everyone, to be answered as they may see fit. Name? So for this question, this question with no good, single answer, the simple act of asking the question results in its own answer. Why does college matter?

I was barely through my second year of college when I decided that it was not for langston works me. That was over a year ago. Hawthorne? I will graduate from Marist College next year, with my diploma serving as a bittersweet reminder of my ambivalence towards the institution. College, for me, has not been the unique social experience promised by parents, teachers and administrators. Perhaps I did not venture far enough from Essay about my native Long Island. Maybe I did not select a school that offered me sufficient academic challenges. Most likely I would have felt the same way anywhere else.

I could point to innumerable variables to account for my collegiate dissatisfaction. A poor administration, stagnating department heads, and a limited course selection are all nice excuses to tell my parents when they ask me why I went from an name meaning, A student in high school to a struggling B student in college. These arguments have no legs considering that I have control of all three factors; my choice of college, teachers, and classes are only my choices after all. Choosing to go to college in the first place was my true downfall. Just like my Confirmation into for him the Catholic faith, I went to college because it was what I thought I was supposed to do. There was no question throughout my years of primary and secondary education that I was destined for hawthorne college.

During the of bastille, pre-college hype surrounding my senior year of high school, Brother George, the name meaning, best teacher I have ever had, imparted a bit of advice to The Horrors Essay, his class that I wish I had heeded. You will go to college and hawthorne meaning, drink coffee and read the Times and feel important, but it does not matter where you go to on Gun Crimes Cause to Children by Christine, school. Whether you graduate from Harvard or community college will only hawthorne dictate how much you owe the loan company, and how many people you can impress at a party. Essay About Information Systems Case? You must be your own greatest teacher. Don#8217;t let the name on hawthorne name meaning, your diploma make you feel like you#8217;ve learned anything worth knowing. As I reflect on his words before beginning the last leg of my four year endeavor, I know that he was right.

College is a buzzword. It starts conversations. It has a certain ambiguous quality to it. It no longer refers only to an institution of higher education that one enters after high school. Langston Works? When I hear people talk about hawthorne meaning college, I know they use it in the way they use the terms #8216;childhood,#8217; #8216;adolescence,#8217; and #8216;middle-aged.#8217; It is just a period of time. A period like any other, that comes and goes, to which one attributes certain experiences, revelations and emotions. Of Bastille? This notion of #8220;College#8221; supercedes the classroom, the dormitory and the library.

Like-minded students can come together and share in the latest trends of higher education. Darfur is in this month, Iraq is out. The student newspaper has a low circulation, but the culture magazine flies off the stands. Hawthorne Meaning? Student activists protest cutting down trees to make way for a new stadium, but buy bottled water when there is a drinking fountain every thirty feet inside academic buildings. About Information Case Analysis? A college is hawthorne name meaning, a business. It makes money, it advertises, it hires a variety of personnel. It aims to increase its influence, build its brand, and control the market.

Marist College wanted to become a University in order that it would be recognized as a more #8220;prestigious#8221; school. This would entail reorganizing departments, revamping class schedules and raising tuition. But what exactly would this prestige mean to on Gun Crimes Cause to Children Watkins, the average student? If Marist becomes a buzzword then it becomes advantageous to feature it prominently on a resume. Meaning? And why not?

I certainly paid enough for it to hughes, be there. I seriously doubt however that this change would have any great effect on hawthorne meaning, the student experience. Classes would be longer and fewer in number, but would be taught by the same professors. The cafeteria would still be run awfully by Sodexho. The largest adjustment would have to be made within student closets; obsolete #8220;Marist College#8221; embroidered clothing would have to be discarded.

Such legislation was eventually shot down by student protest. I first applauded my fellow students for being outspoken in an age of ignorance and apathy to real issues. Whether or not the changes would have mattered was overshadowed by the fact that our voices as students had been heard and listened to. My dismay came when I realized that those leading the charge to defeat the motion, emphasized the possibilities of shorter breaks as the true Evil. The average student did not care whether his or her education was effected at all, so long as winter break would not be shortened by Essay a week. And so Marist Corporation, in the interest of its shareholders, decided to hawthorne meaning, hold off on quotes, the whole University thing for a while. By the name meaning, end of my sophomore year I decided that it would be more advantageous for me to simply change my major than leave Marist.

Journalism could not hold my interest, but I opted to stay within the Communications school, since that is Marist#8217;s specialty. I intended to cut my losses. I had paid for langston hughes two years of school, and meaning, I had completed most of my core communications classes. I decided to about Information, feign interest in another concentration that would complement my personality but not endanger my investment. I did not want my time at college to name meaning, be a wasted, so rather than start over I decided to waste my time more productively. Higher education had been made to resemble a numbers game even before my admittance. I imagine all my statistics on a baseball card. How would my career numbers match up against others? Would I be able to recover if I slumped? If I struggle in certain classes should I just bench myself or fight through, hoping that my average would not dip below the Mendoza line? It made more sense to move to the outfield than to be traded so late in my career.

An English professor I once had told me, #8220;Your grades are NOT reflective of langston works your efforts, they are a numerical equation based on the total points you received in this class.#8221; Why then, Professor C., do I have grades at all? What do they measure if not my effort? My success? Surely not. My intelligence? Hardly. They are the equivalent of my credit score: a series of decisions I made in accordance with previously established social parameters. I will carry it around, hoping forever to improve it, but knowing it has not affected my personal growth one way or the other. College matters as much as a check book or a cell phone.

I could live without the hassle of either, but their seeming universality would make living without them more difficult than it ought to be. Name? My worth as a person would be devalued had I not attended or graduated school. At least that is what every resume writing clinic and for him, job seminar I have attended has led me to believe. Hawthorne Name? A college education is not empowering, it is demeaning. I have to pay for langston hughes works an impersonal business to give me a piece of paper telling me that I am a competent person. Here#8217;s to college, my $100,000 wake up call. It#8217;s clear that American colleges have changed. Perhaps the changes are mere results of a new generation sprouting the buds of an unknown flower- the future.

Rick Perlstein#8217;s #8220;What#8217;s the Matter with College?#8221; is an name, insightful piece that showcases the evidence that American colleges have changed and the typical higher education experience of seeing the world in a different light has somehow gotten lost over time. It seems as if college has become more of sexual a prerequisite for life while society places a great deal of meaning emphasis on the importance of a college degree. Hughes Works? When conducting a survey on Bergen Community College#8217;s campus, the meaning, facts were revealed- most students in college are there because they want to get a #8220;good job.#8221; We show up to sexual quotes for him, class (most of the time), but are we really paying attention and getting the most out of our time in college? Like college, music#8217;s role in society has changed drastically over the last several decades. Hawthorne? Is it possible that each have lost their touch? Musicians #8220;back then#8221; had a fraction of today#8217;s equipment at their disposal, yet they produced much greater works than those of today and have even managed to define the generation from which their music derived. Musicians today are satisfying their own artistic desires (and making tons of money) while simultaneously preaching to a new, more technology-savvy, yet perhaps a more impressionable generation. What seems to have occurred?

We just might have fulfilled our own expectations and reached a plateau. Which Of The Depression? Technology reigns present day, and it is meaning, ironically becoming harder to keep up with the Jones #8216;college kids.#8217; We embrace the evolution of technology while we can attribute a great deal of the country#8217;s intellectual laziness to it. This analogy has dual purpose because young adults gravitate towards music and entertainment- it is our #8216;great escape#8217; from the #8216;real world#8217; that we so unwillingly succumb to. I say unwillingly because while we yearn to sport the fall of bastille, square hat and tassel, the hawthorne name meaning, following is downright intimidating. Perlstein#8217;s opening paragraph acknowledges a serious issue. The Horrors Of Animal Essay? President Reagan was concerned about Berkeley; thus, it was a hot topic for discussion as campus happenings were significant. The building takeovers, anti-war demonstrations, and the #8216;sexual orgies so vile#8230;#8217; were the main course on Reagan#8217;s plate.

Somehow we have become detached from the same issues that were once important to not only higher education institutions in hawthorne meaning, general, but people in high power like the which the effects of the depression on americans?, President of the United States. Because of the decrease in interest, students aren#8217;t interested either. We are concerned with getting a degree, a stable and somewhat tolerable job, and to partake in the #8220;phases of life.#8221; An important fact to remember when discussing the name, college experience is that we have evolved in for him, every way possible, but especially as a new generation. Times are different- war protests are not a common backdrop for the brisk walk to name, class. As a matter of fact, students as a general population are taking little to no interest in the current war in Iraq, and politics in general. Community college students are deprived of the college experience#8217;s total assets. We go to which best shows the effects of the depression, school, we leave school, and most of us work (some to support their education). At Bergen Community College, the meaning, number of non-degree seeking students is at the lowest it has been in 35 years, according to quotes, the 2006 Bergen Community College Fact Book, which compiles statistics about campus population. This indicates that there are fewer students enrolling for enrichment- most of the student population is there solely to attain a degree.

What college students in Perlstein#8217;s era sought after on University grounds is now available in our pockets, hard drives, and meaning, even backyards. We do not have to travel far to learn- the media is like our friend who is just a little bit older and can travel in front of us while reciting over their shoulder #8216;don#8217;t step in that hole.#8217; An important element Perlstein touched on is the internet. Langston? This just may be the culprit in the case of the missing college experience. After high school students scurry to fill out their applications for hawthorne name meaning college and wow their first choice school, they retreat to MySpace, YouTube, and all other bittersweet technological blessings alike. This generation is not easily impressed by college because of the resources that are already at our fingertips. Langston Hughes Works? It seems as if the hawthorne, #8216;real world#8217; will have to langston hughes works, try very hard to get us excited about, well, anything.

These networking sites are incredibly useful and entertaining, but they offer something the classroom cannot. Instead of listening to a lecture on cruel and unusual punishment, we can make the visual appear on name, our computer screen with just a few clicks. Crimes Cause Serious By Christine? We are able to see actual footage of just about anything. The internet generally does not filter its content- that is left up to parents and guardians, who may not provide that security blanket of warmth from a world so cold. It#8217;s important for us to remember how young people are spoon fed the importance of a college degree. Hawthorne Name? Just as I did, many students initially go to college with the sole intention of getting a degree; it isn#8217;t until later on that we realize the magnitude of the college experience- if one realizes it at langston hughes, all. Hawthorne? Perhaps college is no longer the grounds for which one learns of the new interesting concepts of an unknown world, but it is currently the grounds for langston which one can earn a degree and enter a working world with maybe a bit more certainty and chance to succeed. The #8216;college experience#8217; is usually somewhere in there citing #8216;I was gypped.#8217; It#8217;s up to the student to make it a point to squeeze the college sponge for meaning all the remnants of sexual for him knowledge, fun, and growth. It is no longer served on hawthorne name meaning, a silver platter- it takes work to achieve this coveted college experience. Society#8217;s perspective of college graduates is somewhat distorted. Take the typical conversation a young woman has with her parents about a promising new young man who has everything she#8217;s been looking for- good looks, good conversation, similar interests, and a genuine chemistry.

While her parents are genuinely concerned with their daughter#8217;s happiness, the questions #8216;where did he go to langston works, college?#8217; and hawthorne name meaning, #8216;where does he work/how much does he make?#8217; are never far behind. This prompts a question: is it only about money? If this young man made a decent salary that met the young woman#8217;s parent#8217;s expectations, would it matter that he did not go to college? Why college should be important and why it is important are two different ideas. In the midst of such a shift, it is Essay Systems Case, imperative that we make sure there are still reasons why college is hawthorne meaning, important. Fall Of Bastille? Previous generations have a great deal to say about the current generation, but it is usually in hawthorne meaning, comparison to their own, the generation in which they experienced, fell on their faces, and picked themselves up. Their bruises have faded, but there are minor scars that our generation must keep vivid in our minds while we experience life. College has been the place where many disgruntled high school students found a path to travel on, and thanks to that, there is a new, confident, and special surge of people eager to take on the world diving in head first. So college has changed, but it is about Information Case, still a sacred time in one#8217;s life where so much is discovered- if one chooses to venture off utilizing the tools provided- our brains.

In July, The Magazine published What's the Matter With College, an name, essay by on Gun Crimes Cause Serious to Children by Christine Watkins the historian Rick Perlstein, online and meaning, invited college students across the United States to respond. Some 600 undergraduates did -- many agreeing with Perlstein's assertion that college as America used to understand it is coming to an end, many dismissing his argument as so much nostalgic pap, still others taking the occasion to Systems Case, critique higher education from an insider's perch. To continue the hawthorne name, conversation, we're featuring the winning student essay and four runners-up, and Essay on Gun to Children by Christine Watkins, posting another 450 of the entries in a searchable format. (The other entries were withdrawn by hawthorne meaning their authors or did not follow the contest's rules.)

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peoplesoft qa resume Experienced technical systems development and integration manager including a strong background in hawthorne name, both theoretical and applied uses of n-tier technology, as well as significant software industry experience in software usability design, development, and best shows the effects great testing. Meaning! Extensive PeopleSoft implementation experience (12 successful implementations) including extensive development, testing, training, technical team management, and developer training. Extremely proficient in the use of The Horrors PeopleSoft online and meaning batch development tools, with significant database experience (specializing in Oracle). Which Shows The Effects Of The Great! Drawn to the most complex aspects and areas of name any implementation, and will remain focused to deliver using efficient and The Horrors Abuse Essay proven processes and methodology. Gaming Company, San Francisco, CA. PS Financials 9.0 Developer/Cutover Manager.

4 Wrote Sales-Order and Customer Conversions. o Designed and meaning built custom sales order conversion module in Application Engine, utilizing several delivered routines (Order Completion, Repricing) to Essay Information guarantee accuracy and data integrity. o Took over and re-wrote large portions of an hawthorne name existing Customer Conversion utilizing Component Interface. o Built sequenced SQL reconciliation scripts to quickly verify conversion accuracy and provide end user reports. 4 Wrote Sales Order Interfaces. o Built complex custom inbound and hughes outbound Application Engine interfaces to support custom transmission of sales order information to warehouse distribution as well as confirmation of sales order shipping. o Emulated online operations of meaning reducing sales order quantity as well as creating backorders automatically. The Horrors Of Animal! Sales order reductions, cancellations, and hawthorne name meaning backorders were performed based upon dynamic business logic and driven by variances in ordered, allocated, and shipped quantities in conjunction with bill-to/ship-to customer settings. 4 Created several custom reports to of Animal provide real-time business intelligence around the sales order business process (including the monitoring of the custom sales order interfaces described above) 4 Provided project-wide troubleshooting in PeopleSoft development tools, application and hawthorne name meaning tools SQL, and Crimes by Christine Oracle DBA-related challenges. o Specific troubleshooting and performance tuning related to hawthorne meaning the OM pricing engine.

4 Created several project-wide tools: o Central File Reference Tool: Online tool to Serious Harm by Christine designate file and directory locations by several meta-variables to create a dynamic layer between the application and hawthorne meaning file system and which best shows depression limit unnecessary code changes. o Query Run Control Tool: Co-designed and hawthorne built an architecture to implement a run control page to provide an Essay Crimes Cause to Children by Christine additional user layer for hawthorne name meaning PS Query which helped bridge the Essay Systems Case Analysis, gap between using PS Query as an adhoc tool and providing a more robust reporting engine. Supported scheduling and viewing queries, as well as providing App Class support for name custom defaulting and logic related to inbound prompt values. o EDI File Builder: By integrating the file reference tool describe above with a File Layout Definition, created a customizable App Class which all production outbound EDI programs now use to create outbound files without writing program-specific code. 4 Cutover Planning and Management. o Built and best shows the effects of the great on americans? maintained detailed (450+ steps) MS Project technical/functional cutover plan used for production cutover and name meaning rehearsals. o Managed cross-team integration (including independent data warehouse/reporting group) throughout cutover process. University Client, San Francisco, CA.

PS Financials 9.0 XML/BI Publisher Developer. 4 Performed viability assessment for XML Publisher (now BI Publisher) for batch reporting needs. 4 Lead the sexual for him, design and development 28 reports. 4 Created a ďone-click solutionĒ enabling the option of meaning running XML Publisher reports to Essay Cause by Christine Watkins a window (in either Excel or PDF) in hawthorne meaning, single mouse click (bypassing process monitor) 4 Built a core architecture supporting all XML Publisher reports which provided: o Shared online components (subpages) supporting one-click report execution (used by of bastille, each report) o Shared App Engine libraries called by name, each report to simplify and fall of bastille centralize report processing and meaning development.

4 Provided complete training and Essay on Gun Crimes Harm to Children by Christine documentation for hawthorne meaning technical staff. 4 Note: Presented this approach at the 2008 HEUG Conference (Session 25763) PS Financials 9.0 Reporting Database Lead. 4 Created and of Animal managed project plan to build a custom PS Reporting Database. 4 Coordinated disparate technical/functional teams to hawthorne create design and deliver on-time solution. 4 Created nightly database refresh approach. 4 Designed and developed custom bolt-on application within PeopleSoft to configure security within the for him, new database by mapping existing production roles to new reporting roles. 4 Created nightly script to apply custom security settings for all reporting users. 4 Developed communication plan and documentation.

PS Financials 9.0 Developer. 4 Created a User Load Bolt-On PeopleSoft Tool. o Automates the hawthorne, process of collecting the complete user and P2P-related role information for thousands of new users. o Consisted of several online pages and best shows the effects great supporting batch programs. o Provided extensive online mechanism for hawthorne meaning managers to enter user information and ensure appropriate role relationships existed within and sexual between departments.

o During go-live, the hawthorne name meaning, associated batch routine automated the process of entering all user preferences and hughes works security options for hundreds of name users in under five minutes. 4 Provided performance tuning support. o Assisted development of which best the effects of the great depression on americans? performance testing approach. o Assisted with the recording of LoadRunner scripts for automated stress and load testing. o Reviewed and name improved performance for online and batch routines, including App Engine, SQR, and PeopleCode routines. o Reviewed, replaced, or improved database indexes and other parameters. PS Financials 8.4 Conversion Specialist. 4 Provided support for conversion team implementing PeopleSoft Grants Projects, as well as AR Billing to supplement their existing PS Financials 8.4 implementation. 4 With six months prior to go-live, provided technical approach and architecture for remaining conversion development. 4 Created almost 100 reconciliation and validation queries (including automation) to ensure all conversion data converted correctly, matched source transactions, and were populated correctly (eg. The Horrors Essay! validating prompts, required fields, etc.) 4 Instituted new development approach (design through testing) for outstanding conversion revisions.

4 Provided development assistance with complex revisions, new modules, and code rewrites. PS Financials 8.4 Development. 4 Helped design/document environment approach and migration procedures. 4 Assisted performance tuning several COBOL, App Engine, and SQR processes, including several modifications to be adapted by PeopleSoft (Processes: BI_TO_PC, BIIF0001, CA_BI_INTFC, GMFACS, PC_PRICING) 4 Provided general technical support to existing development team (with a special focus toward using tracing to hawthorne name meaning debug and develop new applications more quickly and efficiently) 4 Created several additional development tools, including: o To support conversion cutover, built a custom VBA monitoring program to email on a process status change. o Built a tool in Excel (VBA) to extract a specified amount from beginning or end of excessively large trace files. Software Selection and Analysis. 4 Assisted the Project Management Office (PMO) with data for software selection and assessment. 4 Reviewed and summarized available options for the following software areas: o Business Intelligence/Reporting. o Workflow/Business Process Management Software (BPMS) o Enterprise Portal.

4 Conducted and documented extensive peer review of similar institutions to determine their involvement in each of these areas. 4 Researched available industry analysis, forums, documentation, and trial software. 4 Delivered comprehensive report summarizing results from peer review, industry research, and direct exposure to hughes various products as applicable. Telecommunications Client, Reston, VA [Implementation Partner: CapGemini Consulting] PS HCM 9.0 Developer. 4 Provided support for conversion team implementing PeopleSoft Grants Projects, as well as AR Billing to supplement their existing PS Financials 8.4 implementation. 4 Extensive troubleshooting around several modules jeopardizing go-live, including unix scripts involved in meaning, interfaces, conversion routines, DMS scripts, and The Horrors of Animal Abuse Essay PL/SQL routines. 4 Designed and built additional SQL scripts, PS Query, Excel spreadsheets, and user processes to hawthorne name meaning automate significant post-conversion updates to Essay Cause Serious Harm by Christine Watkins employee data. 4 Created significant customizations to hawthorne name meaning Unix script to programmatically copy EAI file between systems, using online customizable options. o Modified architecture to utilize App Engine to initiate and control script, and Crimes Cause implement additional variable runtime options.

4 Designed, documented, and implemented architectural changes to their existing custom ďTL SplitĒ process to ensure pay calendar splits did not leave the system state vulnerable to corruption on hawthorne name, errors. 4 Supported production issues post go-live, making various code changes to correct failing online and batch routines. 4 Provided additional senior technical support to client and consultant technical and functional team members. Healthcare Provider, Los Angeles, CA [Implementation Partner: Huron Consulting] PS Financials 8.4 Conversion Lead: 4 As part of a successful effort to salvage a PeopleSoft Grants implementation already in langston works, production, designed and developed five significant conversion modules to re-configure and manipulate transactional history to reflect this new configuration - updates spanned all of Financials, with most updates applied to Project Costing, Grants, and Commitment Control. 4 Extensive updates to Commitment Control included re-associating all transactional expense history to hawthorne name new high-level (or roll-up) accounts, requiring updates to (and an extensive understanding of) all core Commitment Control tables.

4 Created complete functional and technical documentation for the effort, including a conversion/reconciliation strategy. 4 All routines extensively tuned for Serious to Children by Christine Watkins performance: in less than four hours, updates completed spanned over six million rows in hawthorne, over 70 tables, involving 4000+ lines of fall of bastille SQR code, 27 DMS scripts and 156 SQL scripts. 4 Built, tested, and executed reconciliation routines generating over name, one hundred reconciliation reports. 4 Acted as the technical lead on the project, ensuring consistent code delivery from which shows the effects of the depression online customizations to reporting, as well as managing the technical relationship between our project and CSC (outsourced by CHLA for PeopleSoft hosting and maintenance) 4 Served as the name, project (and client) Commitment Control expert, solving problems or providing workarounds. PS Financials 8.4 Designer/Developer:

4 Implemented extensive online modifications to The Horrors Essay improve research project budgeting, preventing errors which had previously required subsequent back-end updates due to limitations in delivered PeopleSoft functionality. 4 Delivered an Excel utility (using VBA) to automate rebuilding security trees in PeopleSoft. 4 Tuned performance for hawthorne name meaning existing online queries (some increases from hours down to seconds) 4 Built several custom SQR routines to langston hughes correct out-of-balance conditions throughout budgets and expenses in PeopleSoft Financials, and specifically Commitment Control, Projects, and Grants. Health Research Institution, Boston, MA [Implementation Partner: CapGemini Consulting]

Conversion Team Manager/Lead PS Developer, Financials 8.4: (including Grants Management, Accounts Payable, Accounts Receivable, Asset Management, Billing, Project Costing, Purchasing, Inventory, General Ledger, and Commitment Control) 4 Lead and Managed conversion team for hawthorne name meaning Vendor, Asset, Item, Projects, and AR conversion efforts. 4 Designed and developed conversion (including a complete custom conversion into the first production implementation of PS Grants), and Essay Cause Serious Harm to Children by Christine Watkins overseeing and managing remaining conversion work. 4 Designed and developed conversion and audit programs to convert into PeopleSoft Grants, Contracts, Customers (Grant Sponsors), GL Journals, Purchase Orders, and Item Categories. 4 Managed, designed, and hawthorne name meaning built client tools to help data cleanup using SQL, MS Access, SQR, and Excel. 4 Spreadsheet Component Interface used to Essay load Item Categories. 4 Built custom production tool to auto-populate and maintain project security trees using business rules.

PS Financials 8.4 Designer/Developer: 4 SCM (Supply Chain Management) - Enhanced PeopleSoft's delivered item update process: o Designed and hawthorne name developed this multi-module addition to eProcurement. o Allows importing item price data using a simplified vendor layout, dynamically converting (using current PS File Layout Definition) to the required item price loader file format delivered with PeopleSoft. o An online component allows users to analyze and accept or reject (individually or in bulk) vendor item updates using filtering and data analysis provided through the tool. o The online tool is supported by several custom-developed external routines to consolidate item usage data as well as processing the Essay, selected updates using PeopleSoft's delivered routines. 4 Production Support. o Developed custom update and name meaning reconciliation SQL to great on americans? correct encumbrances not being relieved.

The final fix involved several custom SQL scripts, as well as running delivered PeopleSoft processes. o Specialized in resolving problems associated with eProcurement Approval workflow, Requisitioning, and Sourcing POs. Reconciliation Lead, PS HR 8.0 (including HR, Payroll, Time Labor, and Benefits): 4 Designed and hawthorne meaning developed reconciliation approach to reconcile all PeopleSoft converted data (HR and Essay about Information Systems Case Financials) to AS400 source. 4 Designed and built audit reports verifying data inconsistencies between PeopleSoft and AS400 source data. 4 Developed automated reconciliation enabling complete reconciliation in two hours during cutover. 4 Provided project training in tracing PeopleSoft applications, as well as mentoring team members in name meaning, PeopleTools, SQL, and SQR. Construction Client, Indianapolis, IN [Implementation Partner: Cap Gemini Ernst Young] Technical manager and senior PeopleSoft developer on PeopleSoft 7.5 Financials implementation team (implementing Accounts Payable, Billing, Accounts Receivable, Project Costing, Purchasing, Asset Management, and Time Labor)

4 Managed special development team in the creation of the Daily Job Input (DJI) application, an online integrated extension to sexual quotes PeopleSoft incorporating business processes specific to the construction industry. Interfaced into name, PS Project Costing, Purchasing, and Kronos Timekeeper application. Built using the PeopleSoft toolset. Involved a full suite of online integrated panels as well as new batch routines, interfaces, and reports. 4 Provided technical support for Essay on Gun Harm to Children Ernst Young development team members, including leading weekly sessions on meaning, development pitfalls and issues, and delivering focused training sessions on several specific topics related to development and development standards. 4 Provided quality assurance on sexual quotes for him, development activity including interface and report development, conversion programming, application configuration and system customization. 4 Served as a key developer for troubleshooting, as well as batch, reporting, and hawthorne name meaning custom development. Media Client, Richmond, VA [Implementation Partner: Ernst Young] Technical project manager on PeopleSoft 7.0 financials implementation of General Ledger, Accounts Payable, Asset Management, and Budgets. 4 Managed technical team in fall, coordination with Ernst Young LLP implementation team. 4 Selected and sourced technical team supporting client resources including EY application support, external developers, programmers and database administrators.

4 Trained and managed client IS business analysts in assuming application support roles in post-implementation environment. 4 Instituted specification and development technical documentation standards in hawthorne meaning, implementation for continued client use. 4 Provided quality assurance on development activity including interface and report development, conversion programming, application configuration and hughes works system customization. 4 Performed project management responsibilities for name meaning technical team including project workplan management, change management and fall of bastille issue resolution processes, status reporting, and senior client management interface. 4 Assisted client senior IT management in the planning, procurement, and implementation of new technical architecture to hawthorne name meaning support conversion to client/server environment. Financial Sector Client, Cincinnati, OH [Implementation Partner: Deloitte and Touche]

Lead technical support on PeopleSoft 7.0 financials implementation of General Ledger, Accounts Payable, Asset Management, and Purchasing. 4 Led technical team within Deloitte Touche LLP implementation team. 4 Acted as team technical expert in online and batch process troubleshooting, also providing support in configuration, database, and platform issues in which the effects, a DB2/Windows NT environment. 4 Created PC workstation configuration scripts to automate configuration among several PS environments. 4 Corrected several errors in delivered Application Engine and hawthorne name meaning SQR processes, as well as several online processes, including updates to providing solutions back to best shows of the PeopleSoft development for use in later versions of hawthorne their product.

4 Implemented applicable PeopleSoft PSForum patches and fixes, and acted as central point of contact for PS technical support. Financial Sector Client, Atlanta, GA [Implementation Partner: Deloitte and Touche] Lead technical analyst/developer for PeopleSoft version 6.0 implementation of Purchasing, Accounts Payable, Time Labor and HRMS modules, project-wide expert on PeopleSoft's architecture. 4 Lead analyst/developer for the PeopleSoft vendor conversion, involving the migration and integration of Essay Cause by Christine data from several legacy vendor systems. 4 Acted as team technical support in resolving configuration, database, platform and programming issues.

4 Designed and created various custom applications and reports within implementation using SQR, SQL, Crystal Reports, and MS Access. 4 Developed/implemented extensive modifications to the delivered Positive Pay process. 4 Designed/implemented extensive custom interface to PeopleSoft's Accounts Payable from PeopleSoft's Time Labor module using PeopleSoft's EDI Manager and custom SQR. 4 Implemented applicable PeopleSoft PSForum patches and fixes, as well as acting as central point of hawthorne contact for PeopleSoft technical support. 4 Project-wide expert on shows of the depression on americans?, PeopleSoft's proprietary client/server architecture. Communications Client, Southlake, TX [Implementation Partner: Andersen Consulting] Design analyst during the name, implementation of PeopleSoft 5.1 Purchasing, Accounts Payable, Inventory, Project Costing, and PeopleSoft General Ledger, specifically focusing on the online and fall batch components of the Purchasing module. 4 Lead analyst/developer for the Interface and name meaning Conversion team from Oracle Financials to PeopleSoft Purchasing, converting several thousand purchase orders (with and of Animal Abuse Essay without receiving-related information) 4 Served as project-wide expert on PeopleSoft architecture. 4 Responsible for creating and modifying Process scheduler job definitions, creating new end user reports and the enhancement of PeopleSoft reporting capabilities using the online and batch reporting tools. Healthcare Client, Fort Smith, AK [Andersen Consulting]

4 Provided technical support for C development throughout the project. 4 Created several custom architecture components using Visual C++ for Windows. 4 Designed/developed the majority of a C-based batch application to emulate an existing COBOL batch application in the clientís transition to a client/server architecture. 4 Created APIís to hawthorne meaning interface client Windows application reporting window to Windows spreadsheet application (Lotus 123 for Windows) to provide custom forms using DDE. Software Design Experience. Ventaso, Inc, San Francisco, CA. User Interface Design Manager. Managed team of sexual for him web developers and name meaning designers for software startup, and fall of bastille served as company thought-leader in usability and design related issues for entire product suite.

4 Lead design effort to improve usability and look-and-feel of web-based and hawthorne name PC-based applications, taking into account user and market requirements. 4 Designed major user interface design changes to Crimes Serious to Children Watkins existing PC based client-server application. 4 Managed design and meaning implementation of new corporate website. 4 Designed, managed, and conducted a usability testing study with 8 users to enhance software ease of use. Usability Sciences Corporation, Irving, TX.

Usability Testing Analyst. 4 Led numerous projects to study software usability, partnering with leading Windows and Macintosh developers, including: Apple Computer, Borland, Symantec, America Online, Lotus, and Aldus. 4 Conducted more than 200 usability testing sessions, incorporating extensive understanding of all phases of Information Case usability testing, including: Designing the usability testing session, data logging during testing, generating complete post-test formal reports, including product recommendations to hawthorne name improve software usability as well as edited video highlights from the testing sessions. 4 VP1 - July/Aug 2003 - Cover Article: Oracle's Unusual Approach. 4 VP1 - Sept/Oct 2003 - ThinkTank: Offshore Development.

4 VP1 - Mar/April 2004 - ThinkTank: PeopleSoft User Conferences. 4 VP1 - Jan/Feb 2005 - ThinkTank: Oracle Fusion. Pace-Trace, a PeopleSoft Debugging Tool. Designed and developed Pace-Trace, a powerful and easy-to-use development tool, providing a graphical method of quickly interpreting and applying SQL tracing data from the delivered PeopleSoft trace file. Fall! Allows immediate conversion of traced online and batch SQL transactions to SQL or SQR code. Computing Experience Summary. SQR, SQL, C/C++/Visual C++, VB/VBA/, PL/SQL, Unix/DOS scripting. Windows 2000/NT/XP/Vista, DOS, UNIX, Mac OS, MVS. Oracle, Informix, DB2, SQL Server, SQLBase. PeopleTools [App Designer, App Engine, Crystal Reports, PS Query, app messaging, XML Publisher], EDI, MS Visual Studio, MS Office Suite (inc.

Visio/Project) Delivered Training and Presentations. 4 HEUG (Higher Education User Group), Las Vegas, 2008: XML Publisher Ė The Good, the Bad, the hawthorne, Ugly. Training Sessions for Abuse Clients. 4 Developing and Troubleshooting XML Publisher reports. 4 Troubleshooting PeopleSoft Applications (multiple clients) 4 Introduction/Advanced SQR (multiple clients) 4 Techniques in hawthorne name, Tracing PeopleSoft Applications (multiple clients)

4 Introduction to C Programming (Andersen Consulting) 4 Introduction to Client/Server Programming (Andersen Consulting)

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In that case you need to reorganize your document to group related thoughts together, switching topics only works when necessary. Once the organization is good, all you can do is read and reread what you write, rewording it until each new item follows easily from those before it. Write what you mean, mean what you write Speakers use many informal, colloquial phrases in casual conversation, usually intending to convey meanings other than what the hawthorne meaning, words literally indicate. Best Of The Great Depression. For instance, we often speak informally of going the extra mile, at hawthorne meaning, the end of the day, hard facts, things being crystal clear or pretty convincing, someone sticking to a topic, readers being turned off, something really being the case, etc. Avoid such imprecise writing in formal prose -- whenever possible, the words you write should literally mean exactly what they say. If there were no miles involved, do not write of langston hughes, extra ones; if there was no crystal, do not write about its clarity.

Among other benefits, avoiding such informal language will ensure that your meaning is name meaning, obvious even to hughes, those who have not learned the currently popular idioms, such as those for hawthorne meaning whom English is a second language and those who might read your writing years from now or in another part of the world. Which Shows Of The Great Depression On Americans?. Formal writing should be clear to meaning, as many people as possible, and of the on americans? its meaning should not depend on the whims of your local dialect of meaning, English. Sexual Quotes. It is a permanent and meaning public record of your ideas, and should mean precisely what you have written. Avoid redundancy Unfortunately, specifying minimum page requirements encourages redundancy, but please try to avoid that temptation. Which Best Shows The Effects Of The Depression. When two words will do, there is no need to use twenty. Whenever you finish a sentence or paragraph, read over it to meaning, see if any words or sentences can be eliminated -- often your point will get much stronger when you do so. In the of Animal, academic community, your ability to write concisely is hawthorne name, far more important than your ability to fill up a page with text. Academic courses specify page minimums to ensure that you write an Essay about Case, essay of the appropriate depth, not to test whether you can say the same thing a dozen different ways just to fill up space. In the real world, you will see many more page maximum specifications than page minimums.

Be professional and diplomatic When writing about another's work, always write as if your subject may read your document. Hawthorne Meaning. Your essays for a course assignment will probably not be published, but genuine scientific writing will be, and the subject of your paper may very well come across your work eventually. Thus it is crucial to langston hughes works, avoid pejorative, insulting, and meaning offensive terms like attempt to, a waste of time, pointless, etc. If some of the essays I have seen were read out loud to the author under discussion, a fistfight would probably result. Essay. At the very least, you would have made an enemy for life, which is rarely a good idea. In any case, your points will be much more convincing if you can disagree professionally and diplomatically, without attacking the author or implying that he or she is an imbecile. And, finally, no one will publish your work if it is meaning, just a diatribe and not a sober, reasoned argument. To avoid these sorts of problems, it might be good to pretend that you are the sexual, author under discussion and re-read your essay through his or her eyes. It should be straightforward to figure out which parts would make you defensive or angry, and you can then reword those. Avoid imperative voice Use imperative voice sparingly in a scientific paper, because it comes across as rude (as do many of the sentences in what you are reading right now!).

E.g. do not say Recall that . . Of course, an occasional imperative in parentheses is not objectionable (e.g. Hawthorne. (see Walker 1996 for more details).). A formal document needs to be structured at all levels, whether or not the structure is made explicit using section labels or other visible clues. Overall structure The standard format for an effective essay or article is to: (1) present a coherent thesis in the introduction, (2) try your hardest to convince the reader of your thesis in the body of the paper, and (3) restate the thesis in the conclusion so that the about Systems Case Analysis, reader remains quite sure what your thesis is, and so that the hawthorne meaning, reader can decide whether he or she was convinced. Using any other format for a formal article is almost invariably a bad idea. The introduction and conclusions do not always need to be labeled as such, but they need to be there. Note that an abstract is which best the effects of the great on americans?, no substitute for an introduction; abstracts act as an independent miniature version of the article, not part of the introduction. Each paragraph is one relevant sub-topic Each paragraph in a document should have one topic that is clearly evident early in name, the paragraph. The Horrors Abuse Essay. Every paragraph should have a clear relationship to the main topic of your document; if not, either the paragraph should be eliminated, or the main topic should be revised. Use complete sentences Except in extraordinary circumstances, sentences in the main text must be complete, i.e., they must have a subject and a verb, so that they express an name, entire thought, not just a fragment or the beginning of a thought. Note that most -ing words are not verbs.

The light turning green is just a fragment, i.e., a start to a sentence or a part of one. The Horrors Of Animal Essay. To be a sentence that you could use on its own followed by a period, it would have to be The light turned green, which has both a subject and a verb. Put appropriate punctuation between sentences. Two complete sentences can be divided with a period, question mark, or exclamation point, or they can be weakly connected as clauses with a semicolon. Meaning. However, they can never be connected with a comma in formal writing! To see if your writing has this problem, consider each of your commas in turn. If you could replace the comma with a period, leaving two complete, meaningful sentences, then that comma is an error -- a comma can never be used like that! Instead, replace the comma with a semicolon, in case you have two sentences that need to of bastille, be linked in some generic way, or make the linkage explicit with a conjunction, or simply use a period, to leave two complete and independent sentences.

Section titles Section titles for hawthorne name an article should say exactly and succinctly what the reader will get out of that section. Essay On Gun Serious Harm To Children Watkins. In most relatively short documents, using a standard set of section titles is best so that people can scan through your document quickly. Section standards vary in different fields, but a common set is: Introduction, Background, Methods (for an experimental paper) or Architecture (for a modeling paper), Discussion, Future Work (often merged with Discussion), and Conclusion. If you do not use the standard titles, e.g. if you have labeled lower-level subsections, you should be quite explicit about what is in that section. Such labels should make sense to meaning, someone who has not yet read that section, and make it clear why they should read it. For instance, a section about sexual quotes adding a second eye to a simulation of single-eye vision could truthfully be called Multiple eyes, but that title is meaningless to someone scanning the document. Meaning. Instead, it should be something like Extending the model to explain stereo vision whose meaning will be clear to the type of person likely to be reading the paper. Everything important goes in your introduction and conclusion Everyone who looks at your paper will at least skim the introduction and which shows depression on americans? conclusion, and those who read it in depth will remember those two sections the best. Hawthorne Name Meaning. So make sure that your most important points are quite prominent and unmissable in those sections. Say it, never just say that you will say it In the introduction, conclusion, and abstract (if any), do not merely describe what you are going to say or have said; actually say it! For instance, do not just state that I will discuss and evaluate this paper if you will later argue that (for example) it is not convincing.

Instead state that the sexual quotes for him, paper is hawthorne name, unconvincing, and (in brief) why you believe that to langston hughes works, be the case. Then you can elaborate on that point in subsequent paragraphs. Subsections If you have sections 1, 1.1, and 1.2, there must be introductory material between 1 and 1.1 that explains briefly what is in the subsections, mentioned in the order of the subsections. That is, 1.1 should never follow just after 1 without some intervening text. If you have 1.1, there must always be a 1.2; otherwise 1 and 1.1 should be merged. Each 1.x subsection should end with a concluding statement of hawthorne, what has been established in that subsection, wrapping things up before moving on Essay about Analysis to the next subsection. Figure captions Different communities have different expectations on what to hawthorne name, put into figure captions. Some journals, like Science , have very long captions, which are meant to langston works, be readable independently of the main article.

That way, readers can skim articles and only look at interesting figures, before deciding whether to read the whole article. In such cases, you must ensure that all of the main points of the hawthorne, figure are also mentioned in the text of the article, so that someone reading the article straight through will not miss them. Other journals and other publications like books, theses, and proposals tend to The Horrors, have very little in the caption, with the figures being understandable only when reading the main text. Even in such cases, I myself prefer to put all the graphical details like the name, dotted line represents in quotes for him, the caption, plus enough context so that the import of the figure is clear. You are welcome to have your own preferences, but you should be aware of what you are trying to achieve, i.e. whether you want the caption to be readable on its own. Try hard to avoid ambiguous references Conversation is replete with ambiguous words like this, these, his, it, they, etc. These words have no meaning in hawthorne name meaning, themselves, but in conversation the meaning is usually clear from the The Horrors, context. In written text, however, the intended meaning is quite often not evident to the reader, because there are e.g. many possible interpretations of it and this. It is a good idea to read over anything you write, searching for this sort of word. Name Meaning. For each instance, first ask yourself To what specific item does this term refer?. For such a reference to make sense, the on Gun Cause Serious to Children Watkins, object, person, or concept must have been explicitly mentioned just prior to your reference.

Often you will find that it or they refers to something vague that was not even discussed explicitly in hawthorne name, your paper, in which case you should reword your text entirely. Even if the item to which you refer is explicitly mentioned in your paper, ask yourself whether there is any chance that the sexual quotes for him, reader might not know to which of several items you might be referring. E.g. for meaning the word he, were there two or three people being discussed? If so then state the which shows the effects depression, actual name of each; he would be ambiguous. Often an ambiguous this or these can be disambiguated by adding a noun that specifies precisely the type of object or concept to which you are referring. Hawthorne Name. For instance, this argument or this paper is langston hughes works, less confusing than simply this. Name Meaning. That is, do not use this followed directly by a verb phrase, but you can use this before a noun phrase, as in this sentence is a good example of the use of the word 'this'.

Watch out for homonyms Spell checkers are wonderful, but they are absolutely useless for detecting misused homonyms or near-homonyms, i.e., actual words whose meaning is best shows the effects on americans?, confused with other actual words. As a result, homonyms are probably the most common spelling errors in word-processed text. Even if you are lazy and hawthorne meaning let the Crimes Cause, spell checker fix all of your other words, make certain that you know the differences between words like: If you do not know the difference, you must simply avoid using any of hawthorne, these words. Quotes. Yet because the name meaning, spell checker takes care of of bastille, all the other words you may misspell, learning to hawthorne meaning, use these few words correctly is surely not much of a burden, and is crucial for Cause Harm by Christine convincing your readers that you are competent and trustworthy. Avoid comprise Apparently the hawthorne name, word comprise has now been used incorrectly so many times to mean compose that this usage is quotes, now becoming acceptable. Hawthorne Name. But it is much safer simply to avoid comprise altogether, as anyone who does know what it started out Essay Watkins meaning will be annoyed when you use it to mean compose. But and however are not interchangeable The words but and however have similar meanings, but they are not interchangeable.

If you take a grammatically correct sentence containing but and replace it with however, or vice versa, the result will almost always be incorrect, mainly because of comma punctuation. I like oranges, but I do not like tangerines. I like oranges. However, I do not like tangerines. I like oranges; however, I do not like tangerines. I, however, do not like grapefruits.

I like oranges however they have been prepared. If you exchange any of these buts and howevers, then the sentences would become incorrect, and in some cases meaningless. A point is a single item The word point can only hawthorne be used for langston works a single, atomic item. Thus it is not appropriate to discuss a sub-point, part of name, a point, the first half of a point, etc. Instead use topic or section, etc. A research There is no noun phrase a research in English. Use a study or just research, never a research. Langston Works. Similarly, there is hawthorne meaning, no separate plural form of research; researches is an English verb, not a noun. Avoid capitalization When in doubt, use lower case. Best Shows The Effects Great. Capitalization is hawthorne name, appropriate only for specific, named, individual items or people.

For example, capitalize school subjects only when you are referring to Analysis, a specific course at name meaning, a specific school: math is on Gun Serious Watkins, a general subject, but Math 301 is a particular course. Hawthorne Name. Similarly: Department of Computer Sciences vs. a computer science department, the president vs. The Horrors. President Bush. Hawthorne Name Meaning. When in doubt, use lower case. Avoid contractions Contractions are appropriate only for conversational use and for informal writing, never for technical or formal writing. Hyphenate phrases only langston hughes works when otherwise ambiguous In English phrases (groups of hawthorne name, several words forming a unit), hyphens are used to The Horrors, group pairs of hawthorne meaning, words when the meaning might otherwise be ambiguous. That is, they act like the parentheses in a mathematical expression. About Information. They should normally otherwise be avoided unless they are part of a single word (or the dictionary explicitly requires them), i.e., it is a mistake to use a hyphen where the meaning was already clear and unambiguous.

For instance, long adjective phrases preceding a noun sometimes include another noun temporarily being used as an meaning, adjective. Such phrases can often be parsed several different ways with different meanings. For example, the phrase English language learners as written means language learners from England, because, by default, language modifies learners, and English modifies language learners. But the phrase that was intended was probably English-language learners, i.e. Of Bastille. learners of the English language, and using the hyphen helps make that grouping clear. Note that there would never be a hyphen if the name, same phrase were used after the noun it modifies, because in that case there would be absolutely no chance of ambiguity: a learner of the Information Case Analysis, English language ( NEVER a learner of the English-language; the hyphen effectively turns the noun phrase English language into an adjective, and a prepositional phrase starting with of the must be completed with a noun, not an adjective). Note that hyphens are used only in hawthorne name, adjective phrases; they are not needed after an adverb (and are therefore incorrect). An adverb explicitly modifies the hughes, adjective immediately following it, never a noun. Hawthorne Name. For instance, a quickly dropping stock cannot possibly be mistaken for shows of the great a quickly dropping-stock, because adverbs like quickly cannot modify a noun phrase like dropping stock, and so quickly clearly must modify dropping. In general, there should never be a hyphen after an adverb ending in ly, though hyphens are sometimes necessary after some non-adverbial ly words like early (as in the correct examples an early-rising rooster or an early-rising English-language learner). Hawthorne Meaning. You may want to search through your finished document for ly-; nearly all examples of those three characters in a row will be mistakes. In some very complicated phrases, two levels of grouping can be achieved using an fall of bastille, en dash, i.e. a slightly longer dash than a hyphen.

For instance, a language-learning--associated problem would be a problem associated with language learning; the hyphen groups language and learning, while the en-dash -- connects language learning with associated. Name Meaning. Without hyphens or without the en-dash, the phrase would be quite difficult to langston works, read. Name. But in such cases it is Essay Cause Harm to Children Watkins, often clearer just to reword the sentence to avoid the ambiguity, as in a problem associated with language learning. In cases where the meaning, word grouping is of Animal Essay, quite obvious because the pair of words are so often used together, the hyphen can be omitted even when it would strictly be required to avoid ambiguity. Name. For instance chocolate chip cookies is which best shows of the great, unlikely to be misread as chocolate chip-cookies, despite that being the literal interpretation, and hawthorne meaning so the hyphen can usually be omitted from chocolate-chip cookies. In general, you should hyphenate a phrase when that particular sentence would otherwise be ambiguous. In any other case, even a nearby sentence containing the same phrase but e.g. Fall Of Bastille. after the noun it modifies, you should leave out the hyphen. I.e., the hyphen is not a property of the hawthorne name meaning, phrase, but of how you are using the phrase in the sentence. American vs.

British English I myself am American by birth, despite lecturing in a British university, and I use American spellings by default (e.g. organization, not organisation). Authors are generally free to use whichever spelling they prefer, although publishers will often change the spellings to make e.g. all the Essay Serious Harm to Children, papers in a certain edited volume use the same conventions. Thus please do not hesitate to use whichever one of the (correct) spellings you are more comfortable with, as long as you keep it consistent throughout the document. Formatting and grammar rules When in doubt about grammar or page format, researchers in psychology and meaning computer science generally follow the APA style guide; biological fields use similar standards. Unfortunately, you do have to pay for The Horrors of Animal Essay the APA guide, though it is name, now available in a less-expensive electronic edition.

Pay attention to of Animal Essay, how your document looks Use readable, clear fonts and hawthorne meaning reasonable margins, following the typical format used for similar documents. If your word processor cannot make the langston hughes works, spacing regular between words (e.g. most versions of Microsoft Word), turn off right justification. Poor spacing makes the page look jumbled and name seem incoherent, even if the which best shows great, writing is hawthorne meaning, not. Nearly all formal writing should simply be stapled --- anything else looks unprofessional. For instance, using a fancy cover and langston hughes binding for a short paper or report is distracting and name meaning makes it difficult to photocopy the paper; such binding is necessary only for long papers that a staple would have trouble keeping together. At the opposite extreme, it should be obvious that folding one corner is The Horrors Essay, not an acceptable substitute for a staple. Authors are authors, not writers The people who perform a scientific study are called authors, never writers, even though the meaning, results are presented in a written paper. Scientific authorship includes much more than the actual writing, and which best shows on americans? some authors may well not have written any word in the paper. Use last names Never refer to the authors by their first names, as if they were your friends. They are not, and even if they were, it would be inappropriate to draw attention to that circumstance.

Except in hawthorne, unusual cases to avoid ambiguity or to the effects of the great depression on americans?, discuss specific people (e.g. the original founders of a field of research), first names are not even mentioned in the body of a scientific text; the last names are sufficient. Author names are keys -- spell them properly In academic writing, an author's last name is like the key in hawthorne name meaning, a database lookup -- if the name is which best shows the effects of the great on americans?, misspelled (e.g. Davis for Davies), your reader will not be able to locate works by name meaning that author in the library or online. Moreover, it is extraordinarily impolite to misspell someone's name when you are discussing them; doing so shows that you have not paid much attention to them or their work. So you should make a special effort to quotes for him, spell author names correctly, double and triple checking them against the original source, and hawthorne meaning ensuring that you spell them the same way each time. Use appropriate pronouns Use appropriate pronouns when referring to the authors. Sexual Quotes For Him. If there are multiple authors, use they or the authors or the authors' last names, not he or the author. If there is only one author and you can determine the hawthorne name, gender with great confidence, you may use he or she; otherwise use the author or the author's last name. Referring to other texts Use double quotes around the title of an article when you refer to it in the text. Langston. Italics are reserved for books or other works of similar length.

Avoid underlining altogether --- underlining is just a way of indicating that handwritten or typewritten text should be typeset in italics, and is thus inappropriate when italics are available (as they are on hawthorne name any modern word processor). Be very precise when discussing an author discussing another author For better or worse, academic writing often devolves into discussions of what one author said about another author. If commenting on Essay about Analysis such controversies, you should be extremely careful about using ambiguous terms like his, the hawthorne, author, etc. Very often your reader will have no idea which of the various authors you are referring to, even though it may be clear to sexual quotes, you. When in doubt, use the actual last names instead, even if they might sound repetitive. Avoid footnotes Footnotes should be used quite sparingly, and should never be used as a way to avoid the hard work of hawthorne name, making your text flow into which best shows of the great a coherent narrative. Only when something genuinely cannot be made to fit into hawthorne name meaning the main flow of the text, yet is which best of the, somehow still so important that it must be mentioned, does it go into a footnote. Avoid direct quotes In scientific (as opposed to literary or historical) writing, direct quotes should be used only name meaning when the precise wording of the original sentences is important, e.g. if the work is so groundbreaking that the words themselves have driven research in this field. In nearly every other case, paraphrasing is more appropriate, because it lets you formulate the idea in the terms suitable for your particular paper, focusing on the underlying issue rather than the way one author expressed it.

Be careful with arguments about grammar If you are going to Essay, criticize the grammar or spelling of an author in writing, you should be extraordinarily careful to verify that you are correct. Reading a long rant from an American about hawthorne meaning how a person of British upbringing has supposedly misspelled words like utilisation, or vice versa, can be quite painful. There is no need to mention explicitly reading the paper A lot of students use phrases like while reading this paper, I . and In this paper the authors . . Try to avoid this redundancy. If you use the langston works, word author you need not also use paper, and hawthorne name meaning vice versa. Similarly, it is clear that whatever you discovered about the paper, you discovered while reading the paper; we do not need to quotes for him, be reminded of this. Academic writing is always about papers and authors, and thus those topics should only be discussed when they are relevant. Discussing existing work Whenever you bring up an existing piece of research, whether it is your own or someone else's, there is a standard way of doing it properly. First you say what the name, research showed, then you say what its limitations are, and then you say how your own work is going to overcome those limitations.

I.e., say what has been done, what has not been done, and how you are going to do some of which best shows of the, what has not been done. Name Meaning. If you are doing a literature review rather than an original research paper, you just describe what you think should be done, rather than what you plan to do. Unless you want to Essay about Systems Analysis, make an enemy, you should always mention something positive about existing work before exploring the limitations, and you should always assume that the person you are discussing will read what you wrote. Of course, sometimes there is a good reason to hawthorne name, make an enemy, e.g. to draw attention to yourself by attacking someone famous, but you should be sure to choose your enemies wisely. Discussing proposed work In a research proposal, it is never acceptable to announce only that you are planning to study topic X. In the context of Essay about Information Case Analysis, research, studying is a vague and unbounded task, with no criterion for success and no way to tell if you are getting anywhere. Studying is hawthorne name meaning, something you do in a course, where someone can tell you what to fall, focus on and can test you to meaning, see if you got the right answer; research is not like that. Quotes For Him. In research, you need to hawthorne name, spell out the specific questions you are going to try to answer, the specific phenomena that need explanations, and so on -- it's up to you to define the question and hughes the methods, and until you've done so, it's not research, just idle speculation. Discussion/future work In the hawthorne name meaning, discussion sections of a research paper, be sure to works, discuss all topics that the audience expected to see in hawthorne name, the paper, even if you yourself do not believe them to be relevant. The reader is more likely to assume that you have been sloppy about your literature review than to assume you knew about the work but believed it not to be relevant. Page restrictions can help here --- they provide a good excuse for omitting topics that you do not believe to be relevant.

In a longer article or thesis without page limits you have no choice but to address the issue and explicitly state why the topic is not relevant despite the common belief that it is. Bibliographies Students often seem to think that bibliographies are mysterious, tricky things with rules far too complex to understand or remember. Although there is a vast array of different bibliographic formats, the underlying principles are actually not complicated at all. Simply put, all bibliographies must have a certain basic minimum standard of which best the effects great depression on americans?, information in order to fulfill their function of allowing people to hawthorne meaning, locate the of Animal, specific item of reference material you cite. Name. In particular, every bibliography entry needs an author, date, and title, every journal article absolutely must have a volume and page numbers, and every conference paper must have the title of the of Animal Abuse, conference proceedings, the page numbers, and hawthorne meaning some indication of who published it. Without having every bit of this basic information, there is no way to be sure that readers can find the one specific article that you are discussing. Conversely, you should not include anything not necessary or useful for locating the article, such as the cost of reprints. As long as the correct information is langston works, included, there are many acceptable bibliography formats, though note that in all cases each entry ends in a period. Citations The bibliography or reference list in an academic paper must consist of precisely those sources that you cite in the text, without any extra sources and without omitting any. Each citation must provide enough information for the reader to find the hawthorne, correct source in the bibliography; beyond that, any number of citation formats will do unless there is some specific standard you are told to follow. One common approach is to use author-date citations like (Smith, Wu, and Tong 2008), but other approaches such as numbering the bibliography entries and then using bracketed or superscript numbers are also fine.

If using numeric citations with brackets, note that there must always be a space before the first bracket, as in . known [1], ( not . The Horrors. known[1]). If using author-date citations, you must remember that any item in parentheses does not exist , as far as the grammar of the sentence is concerned, and hawthorne name meaning thus it cannot be used as part of the The Horrors Abuse Essay, sentence. Thus the rule is simply to put the parentheses around the part that would be acceptable to name, omit when reading aloud, as in Carlin (1972) showed that. Quotes. or . as seen in rats (Carlin 1972). ( not (Carlin 1972) showed that. Hawthorne Name. and not . as seen in rats Carlin (1972).). It is usually best to have only a single level of parentheses, because multiple parentheses start to distract from the main text. Thus I would prefer has been established (but for a counterexample see Johnson, 1905) to which shows the effects on americans?, has been established (but for a counterexample see Johnson (1905)). I and we Writing standards disagree about hawthorne name whether to use I and we (and their various forms) in academic work. Some argue that those personal pronouns distract from what should be objective and scientifically valid without recourse to any particular speaker, or even that they just do not sound scientific. Others argue that omitting I and we results in awkward, passive sentences rather than direct We did X sentences. Personally, I believe that academic writing should use personal pronouns whenever what is being reported was an arbitrary and specific choice made by sexual a human being, or for hawthorne meaning opinions or personal judgment, precisely because these pronouns emphasize that a human was involved in the work. When reporting universal scientific facts or observations, I would not use personal pronouns, because any reasonable observer would have reported similar results and thus there is for him, no need to emphasize the hawthorne name meaning, role of the langston hughes works, authors.

Thus, personally, I believe that I and hawthorne name meaning we have their place in academic writing, i.e., to emphasize the human element where appropriate; in other circumstances I would discourage their use. Please note that I happen to disagree with a few of the rules commonly accepted for English text, and in the text on this page I happily use my own rules instead. You might wish to fall, follow the accepted usage in name meaning, such cases, though I would much rather everyone used my own much better rules as listed below. If you do agree to join my one-man campaign to fix the English language, I cannot accept any responsibility for points deducted by of the great depression less enlightened folks. :-) Punctuation after quotations In American English (and in some cases for name meaning British English), punctuation following a bit of quoted text is fall of bastille, traditionally placed inside the quotation. However, I consider that rule an egregious violation of the whole notion of name, quotation, i.e. an obvious bug in the English language. For example, if I am quoting someone who said that life is hard, I always put the comma outside the quotation mark because they themselves did not necessarily have a pause when they said it; in fact, they probably had a full stop (which would be written as a period). Quotes For Him. Accepted American usage is to write life is hard, but the hawthorne name, computer programmer in me just cannot be convinced to langston hughes works, make such an obvious semantic error. Spaces around dashes An em-dash is a long dash, longer than an en-dash and a hyphen. The traditional formatting for an em-dash does not use any spaces, as in hawthorne, life is which shows of the depression on americans?, hard---then you die.

However, I myself much prefer to put a space before and after the name, dash. Without the best the effects of the great depression on americans?, spaces the dash appears to be connecting two words like hard---then, which makes no grammatical sense. Grammatically, the function of the hawthorne meaning, dash is to separate and works connect phrases or clauses, not words, and meaning I prefer to sexual quotes, make that visually clear by putting spaces around the dash. Again, in my opinion the accepted usage is hawthorne meaning, a bug in the language. Dangling prepositions Officially, it is an best shows depression on americans?, error to end a sentence with a preposition, as in hawthorne name, they arrived at the place they were heading to. Hughes. However, in practice it is often very difficult and awkward to name, reword sentences to avoid dangling prepositions. On Gun To Children By Christine Watkins. Thus I consider this rule to be optional at best. Serial commas In Britain and some other less-enlightened countries, the comma is often omitted before an meaning, 'and' in a list. For instance, they will write of ham, chips and Essay on Gun Serious Harm to Children by Christine eggs, rather than ham, chips, and meaning eggs. I consider this an appalling, confusing construction, because it meaninglessly groups the last two items in which best the effects great depression, the list together.

Lists are generally meant to be collections of equals, so there should be just as many separators between chips and eggs as between ham and chips. In many cases, omitting the serial comma is ambiguous. Moreover, in the very rare case where adding the comma is ambiguous, the meaning, sentence should be rewritten anyway. Oxford University Press, at least, agrees with me; see the Wikipedia serial comma entry. Again, this insistence on using appropriate syntax is Essay Information Case, probably driven by the computer programmer in me, but I think all right-thinking people should be offended whenever a serial comma is omitted. Commas after i.e. and e.g. Many grammar books state that a comma is hawthorne name meaning, always required after i.e. and e.g. used in a sentence, as in sentences often contain spelling errors, i.e., words spelled incorrectly. The inspiration for this rule is that such abbreviations should be mentally expanded to the English translation of the Latin phrase for which they stand (i.e. translating to that is, and e.g. translating to for example, which in itself is an fall, important distinction to know).

However, these terms come up very often in formal writing, and in many cases I consider it inappropriate to add symbolic pauses (i.e. Hawthorne Meaning. commas) around them. Such pauses break up the flow of the sentence, and modern readers treat the abbreviations just as they would any other word, without internally translating them to Latin phrases and then English phrases. Thus in many cases I prefer to omit the comma after the abbreviation, and which best shows of the great depression on americans? sometimes also the one before it. Hawthorne Name Meaning. Some people, even more pedantic than I, disagree. This document is in on Gun Crimes Serious Harm to Children Watkins, the public domain. You are free to hawthorne meaning, copy it, redistribute it, modify it, or use it for any other non-fraudulent purpose.

If redistributing a complete copy or a lengthy excerpt, please (1) retain this notice, (2) clearly mark the original author, and (3) clearly mark any changes that you make as your own and not those of the original author.

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4 Things Recruiters Wished You Knew About Your Resume. Hawthorne Name? By Robin Reshwan, Contributor | Sept. 11, 2017, at 11:54 a.m. Even if you are in a field not seen as high-tech, every profession requires digital fluency with certain tools. (andresr/Getty Images) A dreaded task people face when job seeking is putting together their resume. Some people just cut and paste their job descriptions into a document. Others list all their duties, their impact and make sure it is The Horrors Abuse, laid out meticulously. Still others write a (slightly fictional) masterpiece that embellishes all of their best traits. No matter where you fall on that spectrum Ė the function most often overlooked is how a resume is used in hawthorne, the screening process. Here are some insider tips from someone who has managed hundreds of sexual, recruiters and hawthorne, advised on thousands of Essay on Gun, hires for a wide range of hawthorne meaning, professional positions.

Hiring managers and sexual for him, recruiters look first to see if you are currently doing the meaning, role for which you are applying. It may not be fair (and it may not even be the best way to make an ideal long-term match), but that is reality. The overwhelming majority of managers try to hire someone who is already in a similar position, likes the role, is performing well, but has a strategic reason to sexual quotes for him, move to another company. Candidates in hawthorne meaning, a role right under the target role on the promotion ladder are a good second choice. No matter how well-written, a resume will not get you an quotes interview if you are not a close match to hawthorne name meaning, the position requirements. Functional resumes are a red flag. Remember that current, relevant experience is king. This means most recruiters will look to see what you are doing now - which is best handled by a reverse chronological resume. Start with your current role and work backward.

A functional resume, which focuses on relevant skills you have, is often used when there have been breaks in Systems Analysis, employment or those skills are not being currently (or recently) used. When presented a functional resume, a recruiter or manager often assumes the skills they are requiring are not part of your current role (or else you would have used a standard resume). The format raises a red flag. This does not mean you are not qualified, but it requires further consideration. Hawthorne Name? If you are currently doing a role that aligns with a target position, your safest route is to write a reverse chronological resume.

Experience has a shelf life. Thanks to technology, the world of work has never progressed at such a rapid pace. Essay Serious To Children Watkins? Even if you are in a field not seen as high-tech, every profession requires digital fluency with productivity tools involving databases, online communication, email, collaboration and project management. Hiring managers target candidates who have used desired skills and tools in the past five to hawthorne name meaning, seven years. If your skills aren't current, seek out online courses or other opportunities to keep up to date. While recent, on-the-job experience is often ideal, online education, certifications, involvement in professional associations and transferable volunteer work go a long way to displaying commitment, drive and aptitude. The job of a resume is to get you an which shows of the great on americans? interview, not hired. Recruiters scan through resumes and make judgments in a matter of seconds as to who will be contacted for hawthorne name an initial screening. In addition to those candidates lacking relevant experience, resumes with typos, poor grammar or writing, lack of details and unprofessional layout get weeded out Abuse Essay, quickly.

While you cannot change your experience, you do have control over the content and name meaning, the format of your resume. Customization and editing are key. Make sure you understand the targeted role well enough to address how your background qualifies you for the position. Clear away extra details that distract from the skills and experience that matter. Also, do your best to avoid cliches and other phrasing that can come across as inflated (or overkill).

Recruiters and managers vet hundreds of Essay Serious to Children, candidates, and are often jaded. Using phrases like, transformational sales manager and passionate customer service associate are likely to get a dubious groan Ė not a resounding, Let's bring him in immediately! You may, indeed, be those things. But the recruiter is after quantifiable results in meaning, tenured roles with well-respected companies. Fall? The extra fluff, if not backed up by your work experience or reputation, does nothing to get you to the next round. Hawthorne? The job searching process is a tricky one Ė especially if you do not have a perfectly matched background.

It is important to which the effects depression, make sure your resume is well-written, flawless and customized to the audience. It is the brochure of your qualifications you present in an effort to get an interview. Like all good marketing pieces, it also requires a more comprehensive strategy to make sure it gets read by meaning, the right people. Actively networking, looking for internal company referrals, building a positive reputation for your work and leveraging LinkedIn and other social channels are a must for The Horrors of Animal modern job seeking. You need a resume that is the best possible representation of you as well as a comprehensive, proactive search strategy to get the best results. Avoid These Words on Your Resume and Get More Interviews. Make your resume easy to read so recruiters and hiring managers can focus on what matters most. Meaning? How to hughes works, Crush Fears and Get On With Your Job Search. Control your fears, determine your strengths and get organized in meaning, order to works, push on with your job search. How to Write a Great Cover Letter. If you#39;re like most job seekers, you#39;re probably doing it wrong.

5 Questions About Resume Writing Job Seekers Often Ask. Learn the advice most commonly provided by professional resume writers. How to Write a Knockout Career Summary. Utilize the resume real estate between your contact information and work experience wisely. Name Meaning? 3 Simple Steps to Customize Your Resume Fast. Quick fixes to help tailor your resume to the job you want.

Resume Tips for Crimes Cause Serious Harm to Children by Christine Experienced Professionals. Hawthorne Name Meaning? How to explain some of the more complex work histories. What to Do With Your Job Search After Hearing 'We'll Get Back to You' Taking the right steps to be persistent while remaining professional. 5 Tips for a Winning Cover Letter. Fall Of Bastille? How to hawthorne name meaning, secure that initial interview. How to langston hughes, Write a Top-Notch Executive Resume. Sharpen your tools for hawthorne the next step in The Horrors of Animal Abuse Essay, your career.

Our expert contributors give their best advice on answering common interview questions, perfecting job applications, negotiating salary and more. Meaning? Find savvy job advice from the The Horrors of Animal Abuse Essay, brains behind top careers blogs and websites, including Ask A Manager, Collegial Services, Vicki Salemi, Jobhuntercoach, Career Sherpa, Career Valet, Hallie Crawford, Robin Madell, Chrissy Scivicque and name meaning, Peter Gudmundsson.

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Curriculum Vitae Pro Ė CV Resume Ė How to Write a CV. The Europass CV provides a standardized but flexible CV template intended to be used all over Europe. In the name first installment of our two-part article on of bastille, how to write a Europass CV, we covered the optional photo, personal information section, targeted job or occupational field section, and the work experience portion. In this article, we will cover the information that usually goes on the second half of the Europass CV. Remember that any section can be removed if it is not relevant, unless specifically noted below. Now, letís pick up where we left off: 5. List your education and training, also in reverse chronological order.

Since diplomas and degrees vary across Europe, this section is meaning, intentionally flexible. You can include anything from a vocational certification all the way up to a Ph.D. As with the The Horrors of Animal Essay ďwork experienceĒ section, you want to start by including the hawthorne meaning month and year when the training or education began and the month and year when you completed the educational or training requirements. Then, write the full title of the diploma, certificate, degree, or qualification earned. Next, provide an overview of the subjects you studied. We encourage you to use bullets, combine related subjects, and langston hughes works focus on subjects that are relevant to the position. Finally, give the full name of the institution where you received the training. If applicable, give the full street address, including the country.

If the qualification you earned is categorized according to a national or international system, name the level within that classification system. If youíre not sure, ask the school or training center. 6. Start the ďpersonal skills and competencies sectionĒ by detailing your language skills. Start this section by listing your mother tongue or tongues. This refers to hawthorne meaning, your native language or languages, which you learned to speak as a child. This information is required. Next, if you know any other languages, assess your proficiency with each according to the standardized European language proficiency levels. There are six European levels of language proficiency, as described by the ďCommon European Framework of Reference: Learning, Teaching, Assessment.Ē They are labeled, from lowest to highest, A1, A2, B1, B2, C1, and C2. The most basic level is A1, which is described as follows: Can understand and fall use familiar everyday expressions and hawthorne meaning very basic phrases aimed at of the on americans? the satisfaction of needs of hawthorne name meaning a concrete type.

Can introduce him/herself and others and on Gun Serious Harm Watkins can ask and answer questions about personal details such as where he/she lives, people he/she knows and things he/she has. Hawthorne. Can interact in a simple way provided the other person talks slowly and clearly and is prepared to help. The most advanced level is of bastille, C2, which is described as follows: Can understand with ease virtually everything heard or read. Can summarise information from different spoken and hawthorne name written sources, reconstructing arguments and accounts in a coherent presentation. The Horrors. Can express him/herself spontaneously, very fluently and precisely, differentiating finer shades of meaning even in more complex situations. The Europass CV template provides a table for you to assess yourself in name, terms of your listening, reading, spoken interaction, spoken production, and writing ability for each extra language you know. It is not uncommon for your abilities to Essay Information Systems Case, be at different levels for the same language. Please do not try to exaggerate your language skills! Many people in Europe are bilingual or multilingual, so your language skills may very well be tested at name the interview.

7. Summarize your social skills, organizational skills, technical skills, computer skills, artistic skills, and/or other skills. Each of the above categories has its own section on the Europass CV template. Social skills and artistic skills are defined in the everyday sense. However, the difference between organizational skills, technical skills, and computer skills can be more subtle. Organizational skills are defined by the European Centre for The Horrors Essay the Development of Vocational Training as related to the ďcoordination and name meaning administration of sexual for him people, projects, and budgets.Ē Technical skills refer to hawthorne, ďmastery of specific kinds of equipment, machinery, etc. other than computers , or to technical skills and Case Analysis competencies in a specialized field.Ē Computer skills, then, relate to the use of applications, software proficiency, and programming skills. ďOther skillsĒ is hawthorne name meaning, a catch-all category for relevant hobbies, sports, and volunteerism. In each category, you should describe each one of your skills and where you learned it, such as through a training program, at work, through volunteer activities, etc. You may remove any section that isnít relevant to the position for Essay about which are you are applying.

8. Include your driverís license(s) information. If you have a driverís license, list it here, along with the vehicle category. If you already have a license from a European country, no explanation is needed, since a standardized European driving license is used throughout the European Union. 9. If you would like, finish the Europass CV by covering additional information. ďAdditional informationĒ is meaning, another catch-all category for including bits and pieces that donít fit elsewhere. 10.

If youíre attaching any items to your CV, mention them in which best shows great, the ďannexesĒ section. If youíre attaching any items to your Europass CV, list them here. Generally, you do not want to attach extra materials unless requested or otherwise expected by hawthorne meaning the employer, since they will probably not be read. Those are the basics of how to write a Europass CV. Check out the Europass website to see sample CVs. As you will see from the samples, most Europass CVs do not include all of the skills categories mentioned above-that would make for a pretty long CV. As a final note, remember that the standard paper size across Europe is The Horrors, ISO A4 paper, which measures about 8.27 ? 11.69 inches. Name. Always print your Europass CV on high quality A4 paper. In closing, while the Europass CV may seem a little formulaic to sexual quotes, those used to creating highly individualized resumes, its simple, uniform style does allow it to hawthorne name meaning, express an applicantís qualifications while minimizing the langston friction of hawthorne name cultural and language barriers. If you are planning to apply to jobs in multiple European countries, it is worth your time to for him, write a Europass CV.

A Europass CV and name meaning knowing how to write them can help you apply for jobs throughout Europe. The Europass initiative was created by the European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training in sexual, 2005 and presented as a system to standardize the job application process for citizens across Europe, especially young people looking for positions abroad. Europass brings together five different documents: the Europass CV, Europass Language Passport, Europass Diploma Supplement, Europass Certificate Supplement, and Europass Mobility document. In parts one and two of this article, we will discuss how to write a Europass CV. The Europass CV offers a standardized but customizable CV template based on the traditional chronological CV format.

It gives you a set of subsections to choose from when you write it, but you can rearrange these, delete those you donít need, or elaborate on those you want to emphasize. Hawthorne Name Meaning. The typical Europass CV is two to three pages long. Because of its simplicity, the Europass CV can help transcend language and cultural barriers. You can download the Europass CV template from the on Gun Crimes Cause Serious to Children by Christine official Europass website. Now, we are going to provide an name meaning overview of how to write a Europass CV, starting with the information that usually appears on hughes works, the first page: 1. If requested or expected by the employer, start with a photograph at the top. Starting with a photograph on a Europass CV is optional. However, this is a common practice in some European countries, so you may wish to include a photo if the employer requests one, or if this is expected in the area where you are applying for a position. If you do include a photo, it should be a recent, professional-looking headshot.

The European Centre for meaning the Development of Vocational Training suggests using the .jpg format. 2. Fill out the ďpersonal informationĒ section. Start by langston hughes writing your last name(s), preferably in small capitals, followed by your first name(s), preferably in lower case. Below, include your address, or both your local and permanent address. If you are applying internationally, include your country along with your address. Then, include your phone number or numbers. If you are applying in a foreign country, provide the country code along with your phone number. Follow the same guidelines with a fax number. Finally, include your e-mail address or addresses. You can specify whether an hawthorne address is professional or personal, but we recommend only Essay about Analysis, listing a professional address. The three items below are optional on a Europass CV, but expected in some areas.

You can include your nationality, followed by your date of birth in dd/mm/yyyy format, and your gender. 3. Hawthorne Meaning. Briefly name your targeted job or occupational field. This is a short version of what would be called an objective statement on a typical CV or resume. While these are quickly becoming obsolete in North America and are gradually falling out of which great style in Europe, they are still included on the Europass CV because it is based on the traditional chronological CV format. You can use this space to provide the title of the job youíre trying to hawthorne name meaning, obtain, as long as it matches up with the position for which you are applying. 4. Provide your work experience in reverse chronological order.

In this section, each entry will start with the Essay on Gun Crimes Cause Serious Harm Watkins month and year you held the position, followed by name your job title or the type of sexual for him position you held, and your main activities and responsibilities. If your education is more important than your work experience, as would probably be the case if you just graduated from college, move this section below your ďeducation and trainingĒ section. When it comes to activities and responsibilities, since the hawthorne name Europass CV is based on the traditional chronological CV, the focus tends to be more on duties and less on accomplishments, in contrast to modern CV writing guidelines. Sexual. However, you should still quantify your experience as much as possible, using facts, figures, and percentages. You should focus on name, the activities and responsibilities that are most relevant to the position for which you are applying. Essay About Analysis. We recommend using bullets for easy readability. For each company you worked on, provide a full street address, in tune with the guidelines for your personal address.

If relevant, you may also add the companyís phone number or fax number, using the same criteria for international numbers as above, along with the hawthorne name companyís e-mail address and website. Finally, include the about name of the name meaning sector that each company is part of. The European Centre for the Development of langston works Vocational Training provides the following examples: Transport and logistics Auditing Manufacturer of motor vehicle parts. Stay tuned for part two of Europass CV WritingÖ In the hawthorne name meaning second part of shows of the depression on americans? this two-part article, we will cover the information that usually goes on the last page of a Europass CV, such as education and training, language skills, social skills, organizational skills, technical skills, artistic skills, and name driving license(s). European CV vs. U.S. Resume #038; CV Differences. Itís important to of bastille, understand that the CV acronym, which refers to meaning, the professional document more formally known as the langston hughes curriculum vitae, and has a very different meaning in the United States than it does in Europe.

In this article, weíre going to look at the European CV vs. the U.S. resume and CV, noting some of the big differences along the way. A U.S. CV is often a detailed document used to apply to name meaning, academic, medical, research, and The Horrors of Animal Abuse Essay teaching positions. It is much more comprehensive than a U.S. Meaning. resume, which is almost always one page long. The U.S. resume is used by most American job seekers. This can all get confusing because the European CV is not quite like either the U.S. CV or the The Horrors Abuse Essay American resume. Additionally, sometimes Europeans will refer to the European CV as a resume, but the document they are talking about is hawthorne name meaning, not really the Crimes by Christine Watkins same as a U.S. resume.

Before we look at the differences between these documents, keep in hawthorne name meaning, mind that we are using the term ďEuropeanĒ in an intentionally generic sense to of bastille, refer to the shared business norms among primarily Western European countries. We do not mean to imply that the CV is exactly the same across Europe or that European countries are culturally alike. Meaning. The term ďEuropeanĒ is being used for simplicityís sake to present a snapshot of what CV expectations generally are like in this region. Now, here are 5 of the sexual quotes for him differences that stand out the most when considering the European CV vs. U.S. resume vs. U.S. CV: According to Expect Talent, a U.K.-based recruitment company, the ďideal lengthĒ for hawthorne meaning a European CV is 2 to 3 pages. This is the works length an applicant will get if they use the EU administrationís Europass CV. An American resume, on the other hand, is usually a single page document. A U.S.

CV starts at 3 pagesó20 pages would not be inappropriate for a seasoned professional! 2. Paper size for printed versions. The European CV should always be printed on hawthorne meaning, ISO A4 paper, the standard paper size used for Abuse many different types of business correspondence in name, most of the langston hughes works world. ISO A4 paper measures about hawthorne name meaning, 8.27 ? 11.69 inches. The U.S. resume and U.S. CV, on the other hand, should always be printed on American ďletter sizeĒ paper.

In the U.S., ďletter sizeĒ paper is 8.5 ? 11 inches. The exception would be an American acting resume, which is always printed on, or attached to the back of, a professional 8Ē x 10Ē headshot. It is acceptable, although increasingly optional, to include some personal information on Essay on Gun Serious to Children by Christine, a European CV. According to Alison Doyle, author of Alison Doyleís Job Search Guidebook , many European CVs start off with the following types of hawthorne name information. Marital Status Age Number of fall of bastille children (ages optional) Personal Interests. Nationality and gender are also commonly mentioned on a European CV. On the other hand, sharing any type of personal information on a resume, CV, or cover letter is considered very unprofessional in the US. The one exception may be gender, since itís not uncommon for a person with a gender-neutral name such as Jessie, Dominique, or Casey to put the ďMr.Ē or ďMs.Ē honorific on hawthorne meaning, their resume or CV to indicate their gender. On Gun Crimes Cause Serious Harm By Christine Watkins. But, this is meaning, always optional. Now, some American resumes and CVs still mention personal interests or hobbies, but this is usually considered outdated in quotes for him, todayís highly competitive job market, unless the hawthorne name meaning applicantís hobbies are exceptionally relevant to the position for best shows the effects of the great depression on americans? which they are applying. The EU administrationís suggested Europass CV format is designed so that an applicant can put their nationality and date of birth just below their contact information.

A European CV is always expected to name, contain some secondary school information, even if the applicant has an advanced college degree. On the other hand, a U.S. CV does not contain this information. A U.S. resume may contain this information, but only if the which the effects of the depression on americans? applicant has not completed any college courses. Even this is sometimes considered optional. When it is included, itís usually just the basics, in a format like this: High School Name, City, U.S. State ( Year of hawthorne Graduation) On a European CV, the type of fall of bastille high school information included varies by country. On a U.K. CV, the focus is on A Levels and O Levels, which are tests taken in secondary school that cover proficiencies in specific subjects.

The EU administrationís recommended Europass CV format is intentionally flexible when it comes to meaning, this section. A European CV will, in some countries, contain a photo, usually a professional-looking headshot. However, the European administrationís recommended Europass CV format doesnít include this, which may be a sign that it is being phased out. A U.S. resume or U.S. CV will almost never include a photo. Acting resumes and modeling resumes are exceptions. Final thoughts on Essay about Analysis, the European CV vs. U.S. resume vs. U.S.

CVÖ This is all kind of name like how ďfootballĒ in the U.S. refers to a sport with a lot of passing, catching, and tackling, while ďfootballĒ in Europe refers to what would be called ďsoccerĒ in the U.S., a sport with a lot of kicking and running where no one but the goalie touches the Essay about Information Case ball. Meaning. An American could end up feeling very embarrassed if they went to watch a ďfootball matchĒ at a party in Abuse, England wearing a National Football League jersey and matching sweatpants! Itís important not to assume that English words will have the same meaning across English-speaking countries. Stay tuned, as our next articles will cover how to work with various types of CV and resume formats. Curriculum vitae tips are general guidelines that can be applied to hawthorne meaning, the art of of bastille writing a curriculum vitae. Keep in mind that different people will offer different curriculum vitae tips, based on name meaning, their own preferences and what is popular in their academic fields.

Rather than setting curriculum vitae rules in which shows the effects of the depression on americans?, stone, the name meaning following article will present writing advice that should help the fall average professional improve their CV. Before we start, if you donít already know the name basics, such as what an American curriculum vitae includes and how it differs from an The Horrors of Animal Abuse American resume, please read our introductory article on the curriculum vitae. That said, here are 7 widely applicable curriculum vitae tips: 1. Meaning. Do not include personal information such as age, marital status, or gender on an American CV! If you search for ďcurriculum vitae tipsĒ online, you will find articles that encourage you to write personal information on your CV. This personal information might include: Age Date of birth Place of birth Health status Citizenship Immigration status Social security number Gender Religious affiliation Marital status Spouseís name Fatherís name Motherís name Childrenís names. The websites that offer this advice are not talking about American curriculum vitae! In some countries, not including information like this can actually hurt your chances of obtaining the position you want. In the United States, the opposite is true. There are many laws in place that make it illegal to discriminate on the basis of works factors like age, sexual orientation, marital status, gender, religion, and disability.

American employers are afraid of lawsuits. They do not want to see this type of name meaning information on your CV. Including hobbies, on the other hand, may be OK, if they are relevant to the position. 2. Comply with the CV formatting guidelines of Essay on Gun Crimes Serious by Christine your future employer or school. Some organizations and universities, such as Harvard University, have curriculum vitae tips or guidelines detailing their preferences for curriculum vitae formatting and name meaning structure. Obviously, youíre expected to follow them. Look for of the great depression on americans? this on the university or companyís website first. If youíre still not sure whatís expected, check with them.

3. Separate your publications into sub-categories with appropriate headers. If you have more than a handful of hawthorne name meaning publications, itís best to place them into of bastille, separate categories. Name. A huge laundry list of publications is a pain to read. For example, Harvardís School of Public Health looks for these sub-categories on a medical curriculum vitae: Peer-reviewed publications Books and monographs Evidence of works in progress Publication or development of educational materials Relevant non-print materials Published abstracts within the past 2 years (not mandatory)

Depending on your field, different sub-categories may be more appropriate. Come up with relevant curriculum vitae sub-categories that accurately describe your publications. 4. Make sure each category contains at least one item. This is a bigger issue on a CV than on a resume, since a CV is supposed to be much more thorough. You donít want to The Horrors of Animal Essay, emphasize less developed aspects of meaning your professional life, so try not to open a category for hughes works just one item, like a single award. Instead, try to place this stray item in a related category.

You can change the names of categories to make it fit, as long as you stay within the boundaries of your future employer or schoolís CV formatting guidelines. Using acronyms is hawthorne name, also a common resume mistake, but it can get out of control on Essay about, a CV, since so many acronyms are thrown around in academia. Unless itís really obvious in context what an acronym stands for, spell it out. Hawthorne Meaning. If youíre not sure whether itís obvious, that means itís not. 6. Keep jargon to langston, a minimum. Again, this is a common resume writing recommendation, but itís even more important on the CV, since academic professionals use a lot of jargon.

It is hawthorne name, safe to assume people in your field understand technical terms, but heavy use of jargon on a CV can be confusing, not to which best shows the effects of the depression, mention obnoxious. 7. Name. Update your curriculum vitae regularly. Yes, this tip applies to the art of resume writing as well. However, since a CV is more detailed than a resume, you could set yourself back further by not updating your curriculum vitae regularly. If you encounter an unexpected job opportunity, already having an up-to-date curriculum vitae will take some of the stress out of langston applying for the position. Meaning. Plus, if you procrastinate when it comes to updating your curriculum vitae, you could forget important details regarding a lecture or committee responsibility. So, update your curriculum vitae every three to four months, or at least whenever you achieve something significant in your field. Again, these are general curriculum vitae tips that should help the fall of bastille average professional.

It is up to you to understand the norms and expectations for CV writing in your specific field. Remember, if you donít know, ask.