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Bowlby’s Ethological Attachment Theory Essay. Bowlby’s ethological attachment theory bases its argument on the premise that human individuals, just like animals have a tendency to have a natural inclination to establish and maintain lasting affectionate bonds (attachments) to the familiar and jung's typology, irreplaceable others. Bowlby further asserts that once the attachments are established, the strength, and stability of the links is related the emotional stability and well-being of the Man is Essay, individual throughout life. Jung's! Bowlby proposes that the attachment initially form during infancy and often involve one primary attachment figure (mostly the mother or other primary caregiver). However, growth from childhood to adulthood results in the development of other secondary and multiple attachments which are organized into human strategies, hierarchies from the most accessible to the least accessible. This forms the lifespan development of an individual as attachment needs for comfort and closeness shift from jung's, parents to peers as part of a healthy lifespan development. This paper discusses Bowlby’s ethological attachment theory as a theory of lifespan development. The paper is organized with an introduction which briefly discusses the concept of ethology and satire and examples, its ancestry from the study on the graylag geese by Konrad Lorenz. It further presents the jung's typology, contributions of to new england,, Bowlby and the applications of the theory on human beings lifespan development and contemporary practice. The paper logically ends with a conclusion.

Ethology emphasizes that human behavior is tied to evolution and biology, and is therefore characterized by critical periods. According to ethnologists, the critical periods are time frames during which the typology, presence of lack of certain experiences exerts long-lasting influence on Man is Hard to Find human individuals. Jung's Typology! The concept of ethology rose to prominence after a European zoologist (Lorenz) undertook a behavioral study on graylag geese and their behavior of following their mothers immediately after they hatch (Marga, 2011). In his attempt to study on attachment, Lorenz subdivided the eggs laid by one goose into two groups with one being given to the mother for hatching while the other was hatched in an incubator. Compared England, Society! The goslings hatched by the mother followed the mother immediately after hatching while those hatched in the incubator followed Lorenz sine he was the one they saw immediately after hatching. Even after marking the goslings and placing them in typology a box, the goslings run to the mother and Lorenz according immediately after the definition, box was opened (van der Horst van der Veer, 2009). Lorenz described the jung's, process as imprinting. Imprinting refers to the process through which rapid, innate learning takes place and involves the creation of attachment to the first mobile object visible to a newly hatched gosling. John Bowlby took the concept ahead illustrating an application of ethological theory on human behavior and development.

In his view, attachment to a caregiver during the first year of a child has significant consequences throughout the individual’s lifespan. In his words, attachment influences human relationships “from the cradle to the grave” (Pitman Scharfe, 2010, p. 201). Bowlby argues that if the attachment is both positive and secure, the and examples, individual has a high likelihood of developing positively through childhood and into adulthood. On the other side, if the attachment is both negative and insecure, the individual has high chances of not attaining optimal life-span development. It is the concern of human individuals that they reach optimal lifespan development, something that ethological theory partly tries to explain. This paper discusses Bowlby’s ethological attachment theory and its applications in the course of lifespan development. Jung's Typology! Bowlby’s perspectives on ethological attachment theory. From the perspective of ethological theory, babies have an innate biological preparation to participate actively towards the establishment of a bond with caregivers. The ethological theory holds that such an attachment promotes the likelihood that the genes of individuals survive (Makulincer Shaver, 2012). Resources Management Strategies! The theory also posits that the behaviors of children are best understood in the context of their adaptive value hence they seek to fully integrate with the entire organism-environment arrangement.

This includes physical, social as well as the cultural aspects an individual is exposed to typology in the course of life-span development. While Bowlby’s ethological theory places its emphasis on genetics and biological aspects of development, learning also plays an integral role in life-span development since it facilitates flexibility and adaptation of human behavior. One of Bowlby’s concerns had to do with the ability of children raised in other institutions such as orphanages to form lasting relationships. Bowlby’s proposal was that children who grow up in institutions such as orphanages have difficulties when it comes to love because they never had the opportunity to establish attachments to compared to new england, a mother figure in the early stage of typology, their lives. The attachment, in Bowlby’s view, is an Man is to Find Essay, emotional bond established between two people and this attachment is vital in jung's typology the building of healthy relationships (Makulincer, Shaver Berant, 2013). He argued that the bonding process starts at birth and runs through to later stages in why gun life. Below six months, the infant is attached to the primary caregiver. Between six to eighteen months, the separation of the child from the attachment figure upsets the child causing frequent cries. Another accompanying behavior at this stage is the fear of strangers. While infants develop a primary attachment to a single caregiver, researchers also argue that other significant attachments also develop. Such attachments include those with siblings, fathers, and other close figures who interact with the child.

Mary Ainsworth, an American scholar to study the area of attachment describes the attachments as secondary attachments (Marga, 2011). She further describes secondary attachments as important bonds in the life-span development of an individual. These attachments are vital since the child has to live in world beyond the mother/primary caregiver. Secondary attachments help in jung's typology the transformation of the child from the comfortable symbiotic relationship that he/she initially forms with the primary caregiver to include others in the society (Makulincer Shaver, 2012). Reasons Is Bad! It is from this development that the child is able to jung's typology develop age-appropriate independence and autonomy in is bad the course of life-span development. Children imitate their models and the positive interactions with the caregiver promote a sense of jung's typology, identity and attachment. Colonies Social! Children also develop multiple attachments as witnessed in Ainsworth’s secondary attachments (Marga, 2011). A father who is warm and affectionate towards the typology, child becomes emotionally involved with the child and establishes attachment. Researchers also find that when sons feel understood by their fathers, they develop attachments towards, their fathers. On the other side, when sons feel misunderstood by their fathers, they did not only feel afraid of them but also did not want to be like the male parent in the future. And Examples! The lesson here is that paternal affection and understanding are key components that help in jung's typology the promotion of positive relationships and attachments between a male parent and the child.

According to Sable (2008), Bowlby’s ethological attachment theory is recognized as a lifespan developmental theory. The author further argues that it is relevant in the understanding of how early affection experiences exert influence on emotional and physical well being of an individual both in childhood and adulthood. The author specifically singles the importance of Bowlby’s ethological attachment theory in clinical practice as it helps in understanding clients’ distress and the carrying out of psychotherapy. Contemporary research on neurobiology of attachment extends the basis of Bowlby’s conception of an attachment behavior system and suggests that its functions are executed in the brain’s right hemisphere, specifically the right cortex (Sable, 2008). Just like Bowlby asserts that attachment system evolves on satire the need for protection from environmental dangers such as predation, the brain is also an evolving organ largely influenced by “natural selection” (Sable, 2008, p. 22) and later shaped by environmental experiences. It is from this realization that knowledge of attachment theories becomes invaluable in psychotherapy. Application of Bowlby’s ethological attachment in lifespan development According to Pitman Scharfe (2010), the principles of attachment theory are distinctively visible in moments of distress or sickness when the individual feels that their survival is under threat. However, there are many other instances when attachment behaviors are manifest such as children’s first experiences in schools and day care centers. Pitman Scharfe (2010) observe that during the first day in day care centers, children experience increases in cortisol levels and heart rates.

In the course of an individual’s developmental lifespan, other incidences include airport separations when couples display attachment behaviors as well as distress irrespective of their attachment security. Jung's! Knowledge of attachment is is bad, useful in psychotherapy. According to Pitman Scharfe (2010), individuals with high attachment anxiety and typology, avoidance experience greater physical symptoms in compared to new england, chesapeake comparison with individuals who have low attachment anxiety and jung's typology, avoidance. The researchers also report on the existence of an association between attachment anxiety and avoidance on one hand and depression on the other across varying age groups. These range from samples of children and adolescents, emerging adults, married couples, community samples in transition to parenthood, university samples, as well as clinical samples. The results indicate an association between higher attachment anxiety and avoidance with depression (Sable, 2008). The establishment of chesapeake, attachment with the therapists determines the effectiveness of a therapist in giving assistance to jung's typology a client. Bowlby believes that the development of new england colonies, a new attachment with a therapist enables the therapist to assist the client in revising the story of the client’s life into jung's, a more consistent narrative.

According to Sable (2010), the role of the social, therapist is to provide a springboard for change and this is possible through joint exploration of the painful feelings and the unhappy events that contribute the current emotional problems of the client. In order to win this trust, the therapist ought to become a relatively secure base where the client experiences safety and support. The therapist has to cultivate for this attachment through calming and soothing interactions although it may take some time before the typology, therapist is accepted and felt as emotionally familiar and maturation theory, affectively accustomed to the client. One of the applications of Bowlby’s ethological attachment theory by typology, clinicians is in the assessment of the client’s attachment style so that the clinician can regulate the therapeutic approach (Sable, 2010). The outcomes of a therapy process reveal that avoidant outpatients show minimal clinical improvements in comparison to the secure and to new england,, anxious outpatients after individual therapy (Makulincer, Shaver Berant, 2013). They also report that in a study carried out in a university program training clinic, avoidant attachment had an inverse relationship to psychotherapy outcome.

Researchers agree that problems in typology the working alliance between clients and therapists partially mediate the avoidance-outcome association. In another sample of clients with eating disorders, avoidant-attachment was linked with dropout of group psychotherapy. Another contemporary application of Bowlby’s ethological theory is in the diagnosis of the reactive attachment disorder. Follan Minnis (2009) investigate the cases of the forty-four juvenile thieves described as affectionless psychopaths. Compared To New England, Chesapeake! Out of the sampled ‘juvenile thieves,’ 86 percent had undergone through prolonged separation from primary caregivers in jung's the early stages of their lives apart from being placed under multiple care placements. Follan Minnis (2009) find out that in their sample, 60 percent of colonies social structure, children with reactive attachment disorder had been separated from their homes either resulting from neglect or other types of maltreatment. According to Bowlby, the experience of typology, separation from primary caregivers was a key etiological factor contributing towards the why gun control, development of jung's, difficulties in A Good Hard children. These findings lend credence to Bowlby’s ethological attachment theory in jung's the diagnosis of reactive attachment disorder (RAD). While Bowlby’s ethological attachment theory receives worldwide support, it also faces some criticisms. One such criticism is its reliance on biology and evolution as the basis of development as well as the use of selective observations in naturalistic situations. Marga (2011) presents contradicting reports of reasons control, a study involving 162 farm children where there was no relation between infant training on one hand and personality development on the other.

As a result, the researcher implores scientists to typology “quit blaming mom” as a dismissal to Bowlby’s ethological attachment theory. While the criticisms are there, Bowlby’s ethological theory receives widespread support and application as it relates to compared to new england, chesapeake society the lifespan development of an individual. The behavioral development of a human being begins at birth and occurrences at the formative years determine the personality development of the individual later in adulthood. Many theories such as the typology, behavioral and psychoanalytic theories explain personality development of the human individual. The quality of the entire human life is the accurate measure of effective lifespan development of the individual. To New! Bowlby’s ethological attachment theory argues that human individuals develop attachments to primary caregivers that are affectionate and supportive. As individuals grow, they develop other secondary and multiple attachments with peers in order to get security as they interact with different environments. Bowlby’s perspective has received widespread acceptance although it has also been criticized for placing emphasis on jung's biology and evolution. Nevertheless, the theory receives application in psychotherapy.

Researchers report that clients are open up to therapists after they develop a feeling of security and attachment with the therapist. There is evidence that psychotherapy outcomes also depend on the establishment of attachment between the client and the therapist. There is reasons is bad, also a link between avoidant-attachment and typology, dropout of group psychotherapy. The theory specifically helps in understanding the distress of satire definition and examples, clients in various stages in life and this facilitates positive outcomes during physiotherapy. Jung's Typology! There is A Good Man is, further evidence that Bowlby’s ethological attachment theory also helps in the diagnosis of jung's, reactive attachment disorder.

As individuals grow from colonies social structure, childhood to adulthood, their attachments change due to changes in the environment, making Bowlby’s ethological theory a theory of lifespan development. Follan, M., Minnis, H. Jung's! (2009). Forty-four juvenile thieves revisited: From Bowlby to reactive attachment disorder. Child: care, health and reasons control is bad, development 36(5): 639-645. Makulincer, M., Shaver, P.R. (2012). Adult Attachment Orientations and Relationship Processes. Journal of Family Theory Review 4: 259-274.

Makulincer, M., Shaver, P.R., Berant, E. (2013). An attachment perspective on therapeutic processes and outcomes. Journal of typology, Personality 81(6): 606-616. Marga, V. Human! (2011). The Social Nature of the typology, Mother’s Tie to Her Child: John Bowlby’s Theory of maturation theory, Attachment in Post-war America. Jung's Typology! British Journal for maturation the History of Science 44(3): 401-426. Pitman, R., Scharfe, E. (2010).Testing the function of attachment hierarchies during emerging adulthood. Jung's Typology! Personal Relationships 17(2): 201-216. Sable, P. (2008). What is Adult Attachment?

Clinical Social Work Journal 36(1): 21-30. van der Horst, F.C.P., van der Veer, R. (2009). Separation and compared to new chesapeake society, divergence: The untold story of James Robertson’s and John Bowlby’s theoretical dispute on mother-child separation. Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences 45(3): 236-252. University/College: University of California. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 10 April 2016. Let us write you a custom essay sample on Bowlby’s Ethological Attachment Theory. for only $16.38 $13.9/page.

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resume vs biography 1964 M.A. in Photojournalism, Annenberg School for jung's Communication, University of new england social structure, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 1992 Honorary Degree, Doctorate of jung's, Fine Arts, University of human resources management, Arts, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 1994 Honorary Degree, Doctorate of jung's typology, Fine Arts, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 2001 Honorary Degree, Doctorate of A Good Man is, Fine Arts, Center for jung's Creative Studies, Detroit, Michigan. 2004 Honorary Degree, Doctorate of Man is Hard to Find, Arts, Columbia College, Chicago, Illinois. 2004 Honorary Degree, Doctorate of Fine Arts, Kenyon College, Gambier, Ohio. 1975 U.S.I.A.

Grant to lecture and jung's typology, exhibit in Yugoslavia. 1977 National Endowment for the Arts. 1977 New York State Council for maturation the Arts: CAPS Grant. 1978 Commissioned Artist with the Bell System Photography Project. 1980 National Endowment for the Arts. 1990 National Endowment for jung's the Arts. 1994 John Simon Guggenheim Fellowship.

1997 Erna and compared to new england, chesapeake, Victor Hasselblad Foundation Grant to typology, continue to make pictures for maturation theory the American book exhibition project. 2014 Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation Grant for jung's Tiny film programming. 1976-77 Ward 81, Gallery Forum, Stradpack, Graz, Austria. 1977 Ward 81, Santa Barbara Museum of Art, California. 1977 Port Washington Library, Port Washington, New York. 1978 Ward 81, Castelli Graphics, New York, New York. 1978 Boise Gallery of Art, Idaho. 1978 Photography Gallery, Yarra, Australia. 1979 Ward 81, Museum of human resources management strategies, Art, University of typology, Oregon, Eugene, Oregon.

1979-80 Ward 81, Bars, Gallery Nagel, Berlin, Germany. 1981 Falkland Road, Castelli Graphics, New York, New York. 1981 Falkland Road, Olympus Gallery, London, England. 1982 Falkland Road, Mary Porter, Seson Art Gallery, University of California, Santa Cruz, California. 1982 Falkland Road, California Museum of Photography, Riverside, California. 1982 Ward 81, Bars, Drew University, New Jersey. 1983 Gallery of Fine Arts, Daytona Beach Community College, Daytona Beach, Florida. 1983 Mother Teresa and Calcutta, Friends of Photography, Carmel, California. 1985 Mother Teresa and maturation theory, Calcutta, Allen Street Gallery, Dallas, Texas. 1986 Mother Teresa and typology, Calcutta, Northlight Gallery, Tempe, Arizona. 1987 Mother Teresa and A Good, Calcutta, Faculty Club Gallery, University of typology, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

1987 Mary Ellen Mark: Photographs, University of reasons why gun control, Oklahoma, Museum of Art, Norman, Oklahoma. 1988 Portraits, Photography Gallery, Santa Monica College, Santa Monica, California. 1988 America, Pasadena Art Center, Pasadena, California. 1988 America, Brooks Art Institute, Santa Barbara, California. 1989 Portraits, Birmingham Museum of jung's, Art, Birmingham, Alabama. 1991 Portraits, California Museum of Photography, Riverside, California. 1991 Indian Circus: Platinum Prints, Castelli Graphics, New York, New York. 1992 Mary Ellen Mark: 25 Years, International Center for new england Photography, New York, New York. 1992 Indian Circus: Platinum Prints, Robert Koch Gallery, San Francisco, California.

1992 Indian Circus: Platinum Prints, Fahey Klein Gallery, Los Angeles, California. 1992 Indian Circus: Platinum Prints, Robert Klein Gallery, Boston, Massachusetts. 1992 Indian Circus: Platinum Prints, Richard Gray Gallery, Chicago, Illinois. 1992 Indian Circus: Platinum Prints, Bentler Morgan Gallery, Houston, Texas. 1992 Indian Circus: Platinum Prints, A Gallery for jung's typology Fine Photography, New Orleans, Louisiana. 1992 Mary Ellen Mark: 25 Years, George Eastman House, Rochester, New York. 1992 Mary Ellen Mark: 25 Years, Museum of satire and examples, Photographic Art, San Diego, California. 1992 Mary Ellen Mark: 25 Years, Chrysler Museum, Norfolk, Virginia. 1992 Mary Ellen Mark: 25 Years, Instituto de Estudios Norteamericanos, Barcelona, Spain. 1992 Mary Ellen Mark: 25 Years, Chicago Cultural Center, Chicago, Illinois. 1992 Mary Ellen Mark: 25 Years and Indian Circus, Palais de Tokyo, Paris, France.

1993 Mary Ellen Mark: 25 Years, Seattle Art Museum, Seattle, Washington. 1993 Mary Ellen Mark: 25 Years, Museum of typology, Photographic Arts, San Diego, California. 1993 Mary Ellen Mark: 25 Years, Oliver Art Center, Oakland, California. 1993 Mary Ellen Mark: 25 Years, Royal Society of A Good Man is Hard Essay, Photography, Bath, England. 1993 Mary Ellen Mark: 25 Years, Bath, England; The Reykjavik Municipal Art Museum, Iceland. 1993 Mary Ellen Mark: 25 Years, Addison Gallery of American Art, Andover, Massachusetts.

1993 Mary Ellen Mark: 25 Years, Toledo Museum of jung's, Art, Toledo, Ohio. 1993 Mary Ellen Mark: Photographs, Parco Exposure Gallery, Tokyo, Japan. 1993 Mary Ellen Mark: Indian Circus: Platinum Prints, Honolulu Academy of human resources management strategies, Arts, Honolulu, Hawaii. 1993 Mary Ellen Mark: Indian Circus: Platinum Prints, Ogilvy and jung's, Mather, New York, New York. 1993 Mary Ellen Mark: America, Agatha Gaillard, Paris, France. 1994 Mary Ellen Mark: 25 Years, National Museum of Photography, Bradford, England, 1994 National Museum of Women in the Arts, Washington, D.C. 1995 Mary Ellen Mark: Indian Circus: Platinum Prints, Ogilvy and england,, Mather, New York, New York. 1995 Mary Ellen Mark: Indian Circus: Platinum Prints, The Country Bazaar Gallery, Montauk, New York. 1996 The Master€™s Series: Mary Ellen Mark, School of typology, Visual Arts, New York, New York.

1996 Mary Ellen Mark: Thirty Years, Arthur Ross Gallery, University of compared england, chesapeake society, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 1996 The Master's Series: Mary Ellen Mark, A Gallery of typology, Fine Photography, New Orleans. 1996 The Master's Series: Mary Ellen Mark, Chromatics, Nashville, Tennessee. 1996 Mary Ellen Mark: Indian Circus: Platinum Prints, The Cleveland Museum of why gun control, Art, Ohio. 1997 Mary Ellen Mark: 25 Years, The Museum of typology, Art, Fort Lauderdale, Florida.

1998 Mary Ellen Mark: 25 Years, Milan, Italy. 1998 Mary Ellen Mark: 25 Years, El Centro de la Imagen, Mexico City, Mexico. 1998 Mary Ellen Mark: 25 Years, Centro Fotografico Alvarez Bravo, Oaxaca, Mexico. 1999 Tribute to Fellini, International Photomeeting, Republic of theory, San Marino. 2000 Strange Moments, Howard Greenberg Gallery, New York, New York. 2000 Mary Ellen Mark: Photographs, Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (review) 2000 Mary Ellen Mark: American Odyssey, Boras Museum of typology, Art, Boras, Sweden. 2000 Mary Ellen Mark: American Odyssey, Fort Wayne Museum of Art, Fort Wayne, Indiana. 2000 Mary Ellen Mark: American Odyssey, Arbetets Museum, Norrkoping, Sweden. 2000 Mary Ellen Mark: American Odyssey, Fahey Klein Gallery, Los Angeles, California. 2000 Mary Ellen Mark: Photographs, Weinstein Gallery, Minneapolis, Minnesota.

2000 Mary Ellen Mark: 25 Years, Laumont Gallery, Phillips Exeter Academy, Exeter, New Hampshire. 2000-2001 Mary Ellen Mark: American Odyssey, Kulturhuset, Stockholm, Sweden. 2001 Mary Ellen Mark: American Odyssey, Landskrona Museum, Landskrona, Sweden. 2001 Mary Ellen Mark: American Odyssey, International Center of Photography, New York, NY. 2001 Mary Ellen Mark: American Odyssey, The National Museum of Photography, Copenhagen, Denmark. 2001 Mary Ellen Mark: American Odyssey, Minnesota Museum of colonies, American Art, Minneapolis, Minnesota.

2002 Mary Ellen Mark: Photographs, Leica Gallery, Prague Castle, Prague, Czech Republic. 2002 Mary Ellen Mark: American Odyssey, The National Museum of typology, Photography, Horten, Norway. 2002 Mary Ellen Mark: American Odyssey, Reykjavik Museum of Photography, Reykjavik, Iceland. 2002 Mary Ellen Mark: American Odyssey, Bilden Hus, Sundsvall, Sweden. 2002 Mary Ellen Mark Photographs, Fait Cause, Paris, France. 2002-2003 Mary Ellen Mark: American Odyssey, Orebro Konsthall, Orebro, Sweden. 2003 Mary Ellen Mark American Odyssey, Photoforum PasquArt, Bienne, Switzerland. 2003 Mary Ellen Mark American Odyssey, Hasselblad Center, Goteborg, Sweden. 2003 Mary Ellen Mark American Odyssey, Sweet Briar College, Sweet Briar, Virginia. 2003 Twins, Marianne Boesky Gallery/Kennedy Boesky Photographs, New York, New York.

2003 Mary Ellen Mark American Odyssey Twins, Carla Sozzani Gallery, Milan, Italy. 2004 Twins, Stadsgalleriet Halmstad, Sweden. 2004 Mary Ellen Mark American Odyssey, EFTI, Madrid, Spain. 2004 Twins, Galleri F15, Moss, Norway. 2004 Mary Ellen Mark American Odyssey, Center Circolo Fotografico Tina Modotti, Bolzano, Italy. 2004 American Odyssey Twins, Fotobienniale, Moscow. 2004 American Odyssey Twins, Manchester Art Gallery, Manchester, England. 2004 Twins, The Hague Museum of new england colonies social structure, Photography, The Hague, Netherlands. 2004 Twins Falkland Road, Columbia College, Chicago, Illinois. 2005 Falkland Road, Marianne Boesky Gallery, New York, New York.

2005 Falkland Road, Yancey Richardson Gallery, New York, New York. 2006 Falkland Road and Twins, Fahey Klein Gallery, Los Angeles, California. 2006 Mary Ellen Mark American Odyssey Twins, Salo Art Museum, Salo, Finland. 2006-2007 Mary Ellen Mark American Odyssey Twins, Perspektivet Museum, Tromso, Norway. 2007 Extrardinary Child, National Museum of typology, Iceland, Reyjkjavik, Iceland. 2007 Twins, Fahey Klein Gallery, Los Angeles, California. 2007 Mary Ellen Mark American Odyssey, Fotogalleriet, Kristiansand, Norway. 2007 Ward 81, Stephen Bulger Gallery, Toronto, Canada. 2007 Mary Ellen Mark American Odyssey, Palazzo Guinigi, Lucca, Italy. 2007-2008 Mary Ellen Mark American Odyssey, Fotogalleriet Format, Malmo, Sweden. 2007-2008 Ward 81 Note Cards Printing Notes, John McWhinnie @ Glenn Horowitz, New York, New York.

2008 Prom, Festival of the Photograph, Charlottesville, Virginia. 2008 Twins, Terhune Gallery, Owens Community College, Toledo, Ohio. 2008 Prom, Johnson Museum of theory, Art, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York. 2008 Extraordinary Child, Nordiska Museum, Stockholm, Sweden. 2008 Seen Behind the typology Scene, Fahey Klein Gallery, Los Angeles, California. 2008-2009 Seen Behind the Scene, Staley-Wise Gallery, New York, New York. 2009 Indian Circus, Howard Greenberg Gallery, New York, New York.

2009 Extraordinary Child, Duke University Center for social Documentary Studies, Durham, North Carolina. 2010 Disquieting Images, La Triennale di Milano, Milan, Italy. 2010-2012 Seen Behind the jung's Scene, Fnac Spain, various locations. 2011 The Portrait as Document, SEE+ Art Space/Gallery, Beijing, China. 2011 Twins, Galleri Magnus Aklundh, Malmo, Sweden. 2011 Falkland Road, Indian Circus, and compared to new england, chesapeake, Ward 81, Blue Sky Gallery/Oregon Center for the Photographic Arts, Portland, Oregon. 2012 Prom, Philadelphia Museum of typology, Art, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 2012-2013 Prom, Janet Borden, Inc., New York, New York. 2013 Seen Behind the Scene, Weinstein Gallery, Minneapolis, Minnesota. 2013 Leica: My First Camera, Leica Store, Los Angeles, California. 2013-2014 Mary Ellen Mark, Galerie Anne de Villepoix, Paris, France.

2013-2014 Celebrities, La Fabrica, Madrid, Spain. 2014 Leica: My First Camera, Leica Store, Washington, DC. 2014 Man and why gun control is bad, Beast, Wittliff Collections, Texas State University, San Marcos, TX. 2014 Mary Ellen Mark, Stills Gallery, Sydney, Australia. 2014 Frames of jung's, America, National Library of new england structure, Latvia, Riga, Latvia.

2016 Attitude, Howard Greenberg Gallery, New York, NY. 2015 Tiny: Streetwise Revisited, Norton Museum of typology, Art, West Palm Beach, FL. 2016 Tiny: Streetwise Revisited, The Seattle Public Library, Seattle, WA. 2017 Tiny: Streetwise Revisited, Suzanne H. Man Is Hard Essay! Arnold Art Gallery at Lebanon Valley College, Annville, PA. 1973 Photokina, Cologne. 1973 I.P.O.S.A., Traveling Exhibition. 1975 Women of typology, Photography: A Historical Survey, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, California. 1975 Women Photographers, Neikrug Gallery, New York, New York. 1975 U.S.I.A., European Traveling Exhibitions. 1975 Exhibit with Ralph Gibson, Photopia Gallery, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

1976 Women of Photography, Sidney Janis Gallery, New York, New York. 1977 Eight American Female Photographers, Iran-America Society Cultural Center, Tehran, Iran. 1977 Exhibit with Burk Uzzle, M.I.T. New England Colonies! Creative Photography Library, Cambridge, Massachusetts. 1979 American Images, International Center of jung's, Photography, New York, New York. 1979 Portraits and Permanent Collection, Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris, France. 1980 Likely Stories, Castelli Graphics, New York, New York. 1980 American Images: New Work by Twenty Contemporary Photographers, International Center of Photography, New York, New York. 1981 Portraits, Klaus Honnef-Lichtbildniffe, Rheinschef Landes Museum, Bonn, Germany. 1981 Love is reasons is bad, Blind, Castelli Graphics, New York, New York. 1981 Photography as Art, Joyce Strauss, Denver, Colorado.

1981 Points of View, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma. 1981 Color As Form, History of Color Photography, Corcoran Gallery of typology, Art, Washington, D.C. 1982 Color As Form, History of theory, Color Photography, George Eastman House, Rochester, New York. 1982 The Photography Gallery, Castelli Graphics, New York, New York. 1982 Floods of jung's, Light; Flash Photography 1851-1981, Castelli Graphics, New York, New York. 1982 American Photography Today, University of satire, Colorado, Denver, Colorado.

1982 The Permanent Collection: A Selection of American Images, Minneapolis Institute of jung's typology, Arts, Minneapolis, Minnesota. 1983 Eaton Shoen Gallery, San Francisco, California. 1983 Phototypes: The Development of human resources management strategies, Photography in typology New York, Whitney Museum of social, American Art, New York, New York. 1985 Bars, Barbican Art Gallery, London, England. 1985 Mother Teresa, Munich Stradt Museum, Munich, Germany. 1985 Portraits, Castle Gallery, New Rochelle, New York. 1985 Mother Teresa, Hillwood Art Gallery, Greenvale, New York. 1985 Faces, United Nations 40th Anniversary Photography Exhibit, Berkeley, California. 1985 NYC X 5, Bars, Eaton Shoen Gallery, San Francisco, California. 1986 Miami Beach, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, Minnesota. 1986 Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara Contemporary Arts Forum, California.

1986 Miami Beach, Bass Museum of jung's typology, Art, Miami Beach, Florida. 1986 Miami Beach, Portland Museum of satire, Art, Portland, Maine. 1986 Miami Beach, Menacham Goldmann Museum of the Jewish Diaspora, American Friends of jung's typology, Beth Hatefutsoth/World Zionist Organization, Miami Beach, Florida. 1986 50 Years of resources strategies, Modern Color Photography, Photokina, Cologne, Germany. 1986 Mother Teresa, Catskill Center of Photography, Woodstock, New York. 1986 Public/Private, The Museum of jung's typology, Contemporary Photography, Columbia College, Chicago, Illinois.

1986 I'm Not Crazy, I Just Lost My Glasses, New Works Gallery, University of maturation theory, Illinois, Chicago, Illinois. 1986 The World: Conflict Caring, The Catskill Center for Photography, Woodstock, New York. 1986 Out of the jung's typology Darkroom/Art of the why gun control Darkroom, Euphrate Gallery, Cupertino, California. 1986 Commitment to Vision, Oregon Gallery, University of jung's typology, Oregon, Eugene, Oregon. 1986 Palo Alto Cultural Center, Palo Alto, California. 1987 Photographers Who Make Films, The Catskill Center for Photography, Woodstock, New York. 1987 Inside Out: Ward 81, Gallery II at satire definition, de Saisset Museum, Santa Clara, California. 1987 1974, Light Gallery, New York, New York. 1987 Twentieth Anniversary Exhibition: Part II, Friends of typology, Photography, Carmel, California. 1987 American Dreams, Centro Reina Sofia, Madrid, Spain.

1987 University of maturation theory, Colorado: Group Show, Boulder, Colorado. 1987 Ansel Adams and Friends, Scotsdale Center For The Arts, Scottsdale, Arizona. 1988 Legacy of jung's typology, Light, De Cordova and Dana Museum, Lincoln, Massachusetts. 1988 Selected Works, Castelli Graphics, New York, New York. 1988 Homeless In America, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. 1988 Homeless In America, New York City Public Library, New York, New York. 1988 China, Recontres D'Arles, Arles, France. 1988 The Instant Likeness, Polaroid Portraits, The National Portrait Gallery, Washington, D.C. 1988 Paris Opera, Association Pour Le Rayonnement De L'Opera De Paris, France. 1989 New Portraiture, Clarence Kennedy Gallery, Cambridge, Massachusetts. 1989 Das Portrait in der Zeitgenossischen Photographie, Frankfurter Kunstverein, Frankfurt, Germany.

1989 Das Portrait in maturation theory der Zeitgenossischen Photographie, Kulturcentrum, Mainz, Germany. 1989 In Our Time: The World As Seen By Magnum Photographers, International Center of jung's, Photography, New York, New York. 1991 Imaging Illness, Albert Schweitzer Center, Great Barrington, Washington. 1991 Pictures of Peace, F.I.T. Resource Center, New York, New York. 1992 Our Town, Aperture, New York, New York.

1993 Oklahoma Arts Institue, Quartz Mountain Lodge, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. 1993 University of new england, Colorado: All Hallow's Eve, Boulder, Colorado. 1993 University of New Hampshire: Ward 81, Durham, New Hampshire. 1993 College of New Rochelle, Castle Gallery: Angels, An Endangered Species, New Rochelle, New York. 1993 Wings of Change, Directors' Guild of American, Los Angeles, California. 1994 Olgivy Mather, New York, New York. 1994 Visa Pour L'Image/Perpignan, Perpignan, France. 1994 Festival International de la Photo de Mode, Paris, France. 1994 Talking Pictures Traveling Exhibition ( New York City, San Francisco, Washington DC, Atlanta, Milwaukee, LA, Minneapolis, Nashville, Tucson, Baton Rouge) 1994 Magic of Play, Giorgio Beverly Hills, California. 1994 . it's how you play the game., Exit Art, New York, New York.

1995 A Century Apart: Images of Struggle Spirit, Jacob Riis Five Contemporary Photographers, City Museum of jung's typology, New York, New York, NY. 1995 PDA Exhibit, Las Vegas, Nevada. 1995 Magic Moments - 40 Years of why gun is bad, Leica M, Galerie Photo, Paris, France. 1995 Insight: Women's Photographs from the jung's typology Collection, - George Eastman House, Rochester, New York. 1995 We Look and See, Images of Childhood in Contemporary American Photography, University Art Museum, Berkeley, California. 1995 Magic of Play, Grand Central Station, New York, New York. 1995 Animal Attractions, Humane Society, New York, New York.

1995 100th Anniversary of structure, Conde Nast Traveler, Danzinger Gallery, New York , New York. 1996 Beyond the jung's Looking Glass, Contemporary Women Photographers, David Adamson Gallery, Washington, D.C. 1996 A History of satire definition and examples, Women Photographers, Akron Art Museum, Akron, Ohio. 1996 Family Matters, Greg Kucera Gallery, Seattle, Washington. 1996 Howard Finster, Fay Gold Gallery, Atlanta, Georgia. 1996 Clinique's Future Beauty Houk Friedman Gallery, New York, New York. 1996 60th Anniversary of Life Magazine, The Newseum, New York, New York. 1997 Prostitution, Paul Kopeikin Gallery, Los Angeles, California. 1997 The Portrait/The Nude II, Fahey/Klein, Los Angeles, California. 1997 Objectif Corps, Musee des beaux-arts de Montreal, Montreal, Canada. 1997 India: A Celebration of jung's typology, Independence, 1947-1997, National Gallery of A Good Hard to Find, Modern Art, New Delhi, New Delhi, India.

1997 India: A Celebration of jung's, Independence, 1947-1997, National Gallery of Modern Art, Mumbai, Mumbai, India. 1997 India: A Celebration of why gun is bad, Independence, 1947-1997, Philadelphia Museum of jung's typology, Art, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 1997 India: A Celebration of Independence, 1947-1997, Virginia Museum of control, Fine Arts, Richmond, Virginia. 1997 India: A Celebration of typology, Independence, 1947-1997, Indianapolis Museum of Art, Indianapolis, Indiana. 1997 Hope Photographs, MTA Arts for Transit Lightbox Project, on compared to new england, display at jung's, Times Square Station, New York, New York. 1997 Defining Eye: Women Photographers of the to new england, chesapeake 20th Century, The Saint Louis Art Museum St. Louis, Missouri. 1998 Before the jung's typology Lens: Images of the Imagemakers, New Hampshire Institute of art, Manchester, New Hampshire. 1998, Before the compared to new england, chesapeake Lens, Images of the typology Imagemakers, Boston University Art Gallery, Boston, Massachusetts.

1998 A Summer Wedding, Leica Gallery, New York, New York. 1998 Under/Exposed, Underground stations throughout Stockholm, Sweden. 1998 Pictures of colonies social structure, Texas Monthly, 25 Years Lyndon Baines Johnson Library, Austin, Texas. 1998 The Underwhelming Tide, North Dakota Museum of Art, Grand Forks, North Dakota. 1998 India: A Celebration of Independence, 1947-1997, Victoria Memorial Museum, Calcutta, India. 1998 India: A Celebration of Independence, 1947-1997, Lalit Kala Akademi, Chennai, India. 1998 India: A Celebration of Independence, 1947-1997, Royal Festival Hall, London, England. 1998 India: A Celebration of Independence, 1947-1997, Palazzo Reale - Arengario Milan, Italy. 1998 India: A Celebration of Independence, 1947-1997, Knoxville Museum of jung's typology, Art, Knoxville, Tennessee. 1998 India: A Celebration of resources management strategies, Independence, 1947-1997, Virginia Museum of jung's, Fine Arts, Richmond, Virginia. 1998 India: A Celebration of Independence, 1947-1997, Indianapolis Museum of satire definition and examples, Art, Indianapolis, Indiana.

1998 Defining Eye: Women Photographers of the jung's typology 20th Century, The Museum of Man is Essay, Fine Arts, Santa Fe, New Mexico. 1998 Defining Eye: Women Photographers of the jung's typology 20th Century, The Mead Museum of A Good Man is to Find Essay, Art, Amherst, Massachusetts. 1998 The Coincidence of the Arts, (Mario Testino, David Levinthal, and typology, Francisco Toledo) Musee des Arts Decoratifs, Paris, France. 1998 Holding Patterns: Selections from the satire definition and examples Photography Collection of Arthur J. Jung's! Goodwin , San Jose Museum of to Find Essay, Art, San Jose, California. 1998-1999 Circus, Paul Kopeikin Gallery, Los Angeles, California. 1999 Before the jung's typology Lens: Images of the A Good Imagemakers, Queens Museum of jung's typology, Art, Queens, New York. 1999 Independent Visions: Women Photographers from the definition and examples Collection, California Museum of Photography, Riverside, California.

1999 India: A Celebration of Independence, 1947-1997,The Montreal Museum of jung's typology, Fine Arts, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. 1999 India: A Celebration of Independence, 1947-1997, Chicago Cultureal Center, Chicago, Illinois. 1999 All Dressed In White: Bridal Traditions, Castle Gallery, New Rochelle, New York. 1999 Defining Eye: Women Photographers of the 20th Century, The George Eastman House, Rochester, New York. 1999 Defining Eye: Women Photographers of the 20th Century, The Brauer Museum at reasons, Valparaiso University, Valparaiso, Indiana. 1999 Defining Eye: Women Photographers of the jung's typology 20th Century, The Wichita Art Museum, Wichita, Kansas. 1999 Defining Eye: Women Photographers of the 20th Century, UCLA Hammer Museum of Art, Los Angeles, California. 1999 Masterminds of Man is Hard Essay, Mode: International Fashion Festival in jung's typology Japan, Mitsukoshi Gallery at Nihonbashi Mitsukoshi, Japan.

1999 The Way Home: Ending Homelessness in America, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, DC. 2000 Masterminds of definition, Mode: International Fashion Festival in Japan, Mitsubishi-Jishi Atrium, Japan. 2000 Masterminds of typology, Mode: International Fashion Festival in society Japan, Kobe Fashion Museum, Japan. 2000 Keepers of the Wisdom, United Nations, New York, New York. 2000 Personae: Portraits from the jung's typology Collection, The Museum of human resources management, Contemporary Photography, Columbia College, Chicago, Illinois. 2000 India: A Celebration of Independence, 1947-1997 (selected images), the Consulate General of typology, India, New York, New York.

2000 Picturing the compared chesapeake society Modern Amazon, The New Museum of jung's typology, Contemporary Art, New York, New York. 2000 In Black and colonies, White: Photography, Stefan Stux Gallery, New York, New York. 2000 Looking Into the Collection: Faith, Center for jung's Creative Photography, Tucson, Arizona. 2001 Red Hot Art, Red Gallery, Savannah College of Art and why gun, Design, Savannah, Georgia. 2001 Two Women, Weinstein Gallery, Minneapolis, Minnesota. 2001 In Response to Place, The Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, DC.

2002 In Response to jung's, Place, Utah Museum of Natural History, Salt Lake City, Utah. 2002 In Response to Place, The Houston Museum of new england, Science, Houston, Texas. 2002 In Response to Place, Bellevue Art Museum, Seattle, Washington. 2002 In Response to Place, High Museum of Art, Atlanta, Georgia. 2002 50th Anniversary, Aperture's Burden Gallery, New York, New York. 2002 New York: Capital of Photography, Jewish Museum, New York, New York. 2002 New York: Capital of typology, Photography, The Madison Art Center, Madison, Wisconsin. 2003 New York: Capital of definition and examples, Photography, Musee de L 'Elysee, Lausanne, Switzerland. 2003 New York: Capital of typology, Photography, Joods Historisch Museum, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

2003 In Response to Place, The Field Museum, Chicago, Illinois. 2003 In Response to reasons is bad, Place, Indianapolis Museum of Art, Indianapolis, Indiana. 2003 Game Face, Union Station, Kansas City, Missouri. 2003 Game Face, Chicago Historical Society, Chicago, Illinois. 2004 1970s Color Photography, Marianne Boesky Gallery, New York, New York.

2004 In Response to Place, Chicago Cultural Center, Chicago, Illinois. 2004 In Response to Place, Cincinnati Museum Center, Cincinatti, Ohio. 2004 In Response to jung's, Place, Gibbes Museum of Man is, Art, Charleston, South Carolina. 2004 Game Face, Arvada Center for the Arts, Arvada, Colorado. 2004 Game Face, World Financial Center, New York, New York.

2004 Game Face, Fisher Gallery at jung's typology, USC, Los Angeles, California. 2004 Game Face, Jacksonville Museum of definition, Modern Art, Jacksonville, Florida. 2005 In Response to jung's typology, Place, The Renaissance Center, Detroit, Michigan. 2005 In Response to reasons, Place, The Gallery at Windsor, Vero Beach, Florida. 2005 In Response to typology, Place, Boston Public Library, Boston, Massachusetts. 2005 In Response to Place, Blue Star Contemporary Art Center, San Antonio, Texas. 2005 In Response to Place, Academy Art Museum, Easton, Maryland. 2006 In Response to Place, The Bruce Museum, Greenwich, Connecticut.

2006 New York, New York, Grimaldi Forum, Monaco. 2007 New York, House of World Cultures, Berlin, Germany. 2007 Women by reasons control, Women: Artworks from the jung's typology Permanent Collection Gallery, California Museum of compared to new england, society, Photography, Riverside, California. 2007 Prized Images: The Knight Purchase Award for jung's typology Photographic Media 1991-2006, Akron Art Museum, Akron, Ohio. 2007-2008 New York, Queens Museum of to new england, society, Art, Queens, New York.

2008 Vanity Fair Portraits, National Portrait Gallery, London, England. 2008-2009 Vanity Fair Portraits, Los Angeles Count Museum of jung's typology, Art, Los Angeles, California. 2008 Role Models, National Museum of new england colonies structure, Women in jung's the Arts, Washington, DC. 2008-2009 Leica + Hasselblad: A Selection of Classic Cameras from teh David Whitmire Hearst Jr. Compared To New Chesapeake! Foundation Collection, California Museum of jung's, Photography, Riverside, California. 2009 Character Project, various locations. 2009 American the Beautiful, Staley Wise Gallery, New York, New York. 2009 Sacred Sight: Photographs in India, Howard Greenberg Gallery, New York, New York. 2009 An Autobiography of the San Francisco Bay Area, SF Camerawork, San Francisco, California.

2009-2010 Sacred Sights, The Empty Quarter, Dubai, UAE. 2010 CINEMA, Polka Gallery, Paris, France. 2010 Engaged Observers: Documentary Photography since the why gun Sixties, The J. Jung's Typology! Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, California. 2010-2011 eye contact: a potpourri of portraiture from the permanent collection, California Museum of and examples, Photography, Riverside, California. 2010-2011 60 from the 60s: Selections from the jung's typology George Eastman House, 1285 Avenue of the A Good Hard to Find Americas Gallery, New York, New York. 2010-2011 Vanity Fair 100 a±os, Galeria Ivory Press, Madrid, Spain 2011 Under the typology Big Top, The University of new england colonies, Vermont's Fleming Museum of Art, Burlington, Vermont. 2011 Beauty in the 21st Century, part 2: MEN, Deichtorhallen, Hamburg, Germany. 2011 XV Years of typology, Mary Ellen Mark's Workshop in Oaxaca, Manuel Alvaraz Bravo Center, Oaxaca, Mexico. 2011 POLAROID [IM]POSSIBLE - The WestLicht collection, WestLicht Gallery, Vienna, Austria. 2011 21 and Under, Holden Luntz Gallery, Palm Beach, FL. 2011-2012 group exhibition at The Margulies Collection at the Warehouse, Miami, Florida.

2011 The New York Times Magazine Photographs, Eglise Sainte Anne, Les Rencontres d'Arles, France. 2012 The New York Times Magazine Photographs, Foam Photography Museum, Amsterdam. 2012 The New York Times Magazine Photographs, Palau Robert, Barcelona, Spain. 2012 Portrayal/Betrayal, Santa Barbara Museum of theory, Art, Santa Barbara, California. 2012 35mm: Photographs from the typology Collection, Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 2012 Women, Staley-Wise Gallery, New York, New York.

2012-2013 60 from the 60s, George Eastman House, Rochester, New York. 2013 The New York Times Magazine Photographs, Centro de Extension, Universidad Catolica de Chile. 2013 I, You, We, Whitney Museum of new england social, American Art, New York, New York. 2013 Family Portrait, Philadelphia Museum of jung's typology, Art, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 2013 The Gender Show, George Eastman House, Rochester, New York. 2013 The New York Times Magazine Photographs, Fotofestival Lodz, Lodz, Poland. 2013 The New York Times Magazine Photographs, MOCA Jacksonville, Jacksonville, Florida. 2013 Beat Generation/Allen Ginsberg, Centre Pompidou-Metz, Metz, France. 2014 Convergences: Selected Photographs from the Permanent Collection, The J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, California. 2014 Striking Resemblance: The Changing Art of Portraiture, Zimmerli Art Museum, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey. 2014 The New York Times Magazine Photographs, Hunter Museum of colonies social structure, American Art, Chattanooga, Tennessee.

2015 Coney Island: Visions of an American Dreamland, 1861-2008, Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art, Hartford, Connecticut. 2016 IM LICHT DER SCHEINWERFER, Leica Gallery Wetzlar, Germany. 2017 IM LICHT DER SCHEINWERFER, Leica Gallery Salzburg, Austria. 2017 Like a Horse, Fotografiska, Stockholm, Sweden. Australian National Gallery. American Museum of the Moving Image. Baltimore Museum of typology, Art.

Boca Raton Museum of Art. California Museum of A Good Man is, Photography. Cantor Center at Stanford University. California State University Library, Long Beach. Center for Creative Photography. Centre Georges Pompidou.

Centro Fotografico Alvarez Bravo , Oaxaca. The Chrysler Museum of typology, Art. Cleveland Museum of new england structure, Art. Corcoran Gallery of Art. Detroit Institute of typology, Arts. El Centro de la Imagen, Mexico City. Elvehjem Museum of Art. George Arents, Jr. Collection at to new england, chesapeake society, the New York Public Library.

George Eastman House. The Hague Museum of Photography. Hallmark Photographic Collection. The Hasselblad Foundation. Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center. Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art at jung's typology, Cornell University. Honolulu Academy of compared chesapeake, Art. Hope Photographs Collection for typology Cameraworks. International Center of Photography. Iris B. Human! Gerald Cantor Center for Visual Arts at Stanford. J. Jung's Typology! Paul Getty Museum.

The Library of Congress. Los Angeles County Museum of reasons why gun is bad, Art. The Marguilies Collection. Mead Art Museum at jung's, Amherst College. Minneapolis Institute of Arts. The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston. The Museum of Contemporary Photography, Chicago. Museum of new england social, Photographic Arts in typology San Diego. Museum Ludwig, Cologne.

National Gallery of maturation, Australia. National Millennium Survey, College of jung's typology, Santa Fe. The National Museum of Iceland. National Portrait Gallery. Philadelphia Museum of Art. Portland Museum of Art, Portland, Maine. Saint Louis Art Museum. San Francisco Museum of to new society, Modern Art. Santa Barbara Museum of jung's, Art.

Seattle Art Museum. Southeast Museum of Photography. Sweet Briar College. Tokyo Metropolitan Museum of Photography. The Toledo Museum of definition and examples, Art. University of Colorado. University of New Mexico Art Museum. University of typology, Oklahoma Museum of new england social, Art. University of typology, Oregon. The University of satire, Pennsylvania Art Collection. Vincent Van Gogh Foundation.

The Wittliff Collections. Whitney Museum of typology, American Art. Yale University Art Gallery. 1980 Page One Award, for colonies structure Excellence in Journalism, The Newspaper Guild of jung's, New York, Children of human resources management strategies, Desire, New York Times Magazine. 1981 First Place Feature Picture Story, University of Missouri, Mother Teresa in Calcutta, Life Magazine.

1981 First Prize, Robert F. Jung's Typology! Kennedy Journalism Award, Mother Teresa in satire and examples Calcutta, Life Magazine. 1982 Leica Medal of jung's, Excellence, Falkland Road 1983 Canon Photo Essayist Award, Streets of the human resources Lost, Life Magazine. 1983 Honorable Mention - Robert F. Jung's Typology! Kennedy Journalism Award, Streets of the Essay Lost, Life Magazine. 1984 First Place Magazine Published Picture Story, University of Missouri, Streets of the Lost, Life Magazine. 1984 First Prize, Robert F. Jung's! Kennedy Journalism Award, Camp Good Times, Life Magazine. 1986 The Phillipe Halsman Award for Photojournalism, ASMP.

1986 World Press Photo, 2nd Prize News Features Series. 1987 Photographer of the Year Award, The Friends of Photography. 1988 Art Directors Club 67th Annual Exhibition Distinctive Merit Award. 1988 Creative Arts Awards Citation For Photography, Brandeis University. 1988 World Press Award, for Outstanding Body of A Good Hard to Find Essay, Work Throughout the typology Years. 1988 George W. Polk Award, Photojournalism. 1988 Distinguished Photographer's Award, Women In Photography.

1989 Art Directors Club Award. 1989 The World Hunger Media Awards, Best Photojournalism, Children of compared england, chesapeake, Poverty, Life Magazine. 1990 Pictures of the jung's Year Award for Magazine Portrait/Personality, The Face of Rural Poverty, Fortune Magazine. 1992 Victor Hasselblad Cover Award. 1992 The Society of Publication Designers, Award of Distinctive Merit, Pretty Babies, Buzz Magazine.

1992 The Society of why gun control, Publication Designers, Award of Distinctive Merit, The Prince of jung's, Wildwood, Rolling Stone. 1992 Society of new england colonies social structure, Newspaper Design, Award of typology, Excellence, Magazine Cover and A Good Man is Hard to Find, Photojournalism Feature, The New York Times Magazine. 1993 Communication Arts Photography Annual, Award of jung's, Excellence, Editorial Category. 1993 Communication Arts Photography Annual, Award of Excellence, Editorial Series Category. 1993 Front Page Award, The Newswomen€™s Club of New York, Cree Indians for Conde Nast Traveler, November 10, 1993. 1993 American Photography Competition, Certificate of Excellence, The Good Boy, Los Angeles Times Magazine. 1993 American Photography Competition, Certificate of new england social structure, Excellence, Rodeo Texas USA series, Texas Monthly. 1993 American Photography Competition, Certificate of jung's typology, Excellence, The Devil Rupert, Idaho, Los Angeles Times Magazine. 1993 Golden Light Awards Photographic Book of the and examples Year, Indian Circus 1994 The Professional Photographer of the typology Year Award, Photographic Manufacturers Distributors Assoc.

1994 Hearst Magazine and New York Women in Communications, Inc.€™s Matrix Award for compared chesapeake society Film/ Photography. 1994 The Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Photographie€™s Dr. Jung's Typology! Erich Salomon Preis Award. 1994 American Photography Competition, Certificate of chesapeake, Excellence, After the jung's typology Deluge, Vogue Magazine. 1994 American Photography Competition, Certificate of compared chesapeake, Excellence, Boy George, US Magazine. 1995 Heros of the typology West, Premiere Magazine American Photography 11. 1995 American Photography Competition, Certificate of human strategies, Excellence, Back In the typology Saddle Again series, Premiere Magazine. 1995 American Photography Competition, Certificate of human resources management, Excellence, The Abortionist, GQ Magazine. 1995 Pictures of the jung's typology Year, 3rd Place Magazine Division, The Sins of Man is Hard Essay, Fathers Freelance/Life Magazine. 1995 Pictures of the Year, 1st Place Magazine Division, Napping Freelance/Life Magazine.

1996 United States Department of jung's typology, State, Certificate of Appreciation in generously supporting the Art in structure Embassies Program. 1996 Picture of the typology Year, 1st place in satire definition and examples magazine division for jung's issue reporting Damm Family; 3rd place in magazine division for satire definition and examples picture essay. 1996 Master Series Award, School of jung's typology, Visual Arts. 1997 Inf inity Award, International Center of satire and examples, Photography. 1997 The Society of jung's typology, Publication Designers, Merit Award for satire and examples Design Feature Story, El Circo, Texas Monthly, November. 1998 Communication Arts Photography Annual, Award of typology, Excellence, Editorial Catagory. 1998 The Art Directors Club Merit Award, Happy Doomsday 1998 The Art Directors Club Silver Award, El Circo

1998 The Society of Publication Designers, Gold Medal Award for new england Design Entire Issue, Battle of the Generations, Fast Company, September issue. 1999 Communication Arts Photography Annual, Award of jung's typology, Excellence, Editorial Category. 1999 Leadership Award, International Photographic Council. 1999 Photographic Administrators Incorporated, Award for maturation theory Excellence in jung's typology Photojournalism. 2000 Annenberg School for Communication, University of why gun control, Pennsylvania, The Merrill Panitt Citizenship Award. 2001 International Center of jung's, Photography, Infinity Awards, Cornell Capa Award.

2003 Lucie Award for maturation Documentary Photography. 2004 World Press Photo Awards, First Prize in typology the Arts (Twins series) 2006 Visionary Woman Wards, Moor College of Art. 2006 Photographic Center Northwest, Photo Vision Award. 2011 Redpoll Trophy: Best Photographer Award, Dali International Photography Exhibition, Dali, China. 2012 Art Directors Club Hall of compared to new chesapeake, Fame inductee. 2013 Creative Spirit Award, University of jung's, Pennsylvania. 2014 Lifetime Achievement in Hard to Find Essay Photography Award, George Eastman House.

2014 Outstanding Contribution to jung's typology, Photography Award, World Photography Organization. 1975 Apeiron Photography Workshop. 1975 Contemporary Trends in Hard to Find Photography Lecture Series, Temple University, Philadelphia, Philadelphia. 1975 U.S.I.A. Jung's Typology! Photography Workshop, Zagreb, Yugoslavia. 1976 A.S.M.P. Lecture on Photography, Los Angeles. 1976 Clarence White Jr. Lectureship, Ohio University. 1976 Photography Workshop, Arles, France.

1976 Lecture Series, Brooks Institute, Santa Barbara, California. 1977 Lecture Series, Aperture 77, Durham, California. 1977 Lecture Series, Women's Interart Center, New York. 1977 Lecture Series, Bard College, New York. 1977 Lecture Series, The New School, New York, New York. 1977 Lecture Series, International Center of Photography, New York, New York. 1977 Lecture Series, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut. 1977 Lecture Series, School of Visual Arts, New York. 1978 Maine Photographic Workshop, Rockport, Maine. 1978 Lecture Series, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts. 1978 Ansel Adams Workshop, Carmel, California.

1978 Apeiron Photography Workshop. 1978 Essex Photography Workshop. 1979 Photography Workshop, Arles, France. 1981 Lecture Series, Smithsonian Institute, Washington, D.C. 1981 Lecture Series, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey. 1982 Maine Photographic Workshop, Rockport, Maine.

1982 Lecture Program, Bennington College, Bennington, Vermont. 1983 Lecture Series, National Endowment for the Arts, Corcoran Art School, Washington, D.C. 1983 Ansel Adams Workshop, Carmel, California. 1983 Morocco Summer Program, School of to new chesapeake society, Visual Arts, New York, New York. 1983 Film in the Cities Workshop, St. Jung's Typology! Paul, Minnesota. 1984 Lecture Series, Columbia College, Chicago. 1984 Photography Workshop, C.W. Post, Greenvale, New York.

1984 Lecture Series, Santa Barbara Museum of new england social structure, Art, California. 1984 Ansel Adams Workshop, Carmel California. 1984 Photography Workshop, International Center of jung's, Photography, New York, New York. 1985 Photography Workshop, Arles, France. 1985 Photography Workshop, International Center of new england social structure, Photography, New York, New York.

1985 Maine Photographic Workshop, Rockport, Maine. 1985 Ansel Adams Workshop, Carmel, California. 1985 Visual Studies Workshop, Rochester, New York. 1985 Reedy Memorial Lectures, Rochester, New York, 1985 Reedy Memorial Lecture, Art Center, Pasadena, California. 1986 Lecture Series, Daytona Beach Community College, Florida. 1986 Photography Workshop, Friends of Photography, Carmel, California.

1986 Lecture Series, San Francisco Camerawork, California. 1986 Lecture Series, Port Washington Library, New York. 1986 Photography Workshop, Anderson Ranch Art Center, Aspen, Colorado. 1986 Maine Photographic Workshop, Rockport, Maine. 1986 Lecture Series, Portland Museum of Art, Maine. 1987 Lecture Series, International Center of jung's, Photography, New York, New York.

1987 Photography Workshop, International Center of Photography, New York, New York. 1987 Photography Workshop, Friends of maturation, Photography, India. 1987 Photography Workshop, University of Oklahoma Enrichment Program, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. 1987 Photography Workshop, Anderson Ranch Arts Center, Aspen, Colorado. 1988 Graduate Course in jung's typology Documentary Photography, School of Essay, Visual Arts, New York, New York.

1988 Lecture, The Museum of Fine Art, Houston, Texas. 1988 Photography Workshop, Houston Foto Festival, Houston, Texas. 1988 Photographic Workshop, Palm Beach, Florida. 1988 Photographic Workshop and typology, Lecture, University of england,, Alabama. 1988 Photographic Workshop, International Center of jung's typology, Photography, New York, New York. 1988 Photographic Workshop, Arles, France. 1988 Faculty, Master of satire and examples, Fine Arts Degree Program, School of jung's typology, Visual Arts, New York, New York. 1988 Reedy Memorial Lecture, Brooks Institute, Pasadena Art Center. 1988 Reedy Memorial Lecture, Academy of Art, San Francisco, California. 1989 Palm Beach Photographic Workshop, Boca Raton, Florida. 1989 Lecture, Photographic Resource Center, Boston, University, Boston.

1989 Photography Workshop, New York University, New York. 1989 Lecture, Stanford Conference of to new society, Design, Stanford, California. 1989 Lecture, Steamboat Springs Photography Conference, Colorado. 1989 Lecture, Birmingham Museum of jung's, Art, Birmingham, Alabama. 1989 Lecture, Honored Photographer at Maine Photography Congress.

1989 Photographic Workshop, Rockport, Maine. 1989 Eddie Adams Workshop, New York, New York. 1989 Lecture, Amon Carter Museum, Ft. To Find! Worth, Texas. 1989 Lecture and typology, Workshop, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas. 1990 Photographic Workshop, Rockport, Maine. 1991 Photographic Workshop, International Center for why gun control Photography, New York, New York.

1991 Photographic Workshop, Santa Fe, New Mexico. 1991 Lecture, Film in typology the Cities, St. Management Strategies! Paul, Minnesota. 1991 Photographic Workshop, Sweden. 1992 Photographic Workshop, Santa Fe, New Mexico. 1992 Photographic Workshop, International Center for Photography, New York, New York. 1992 Photographic Workshop, Rockport, Maine. 1992 Lecture, Chrysler Museum, Norfolk Virginia.

1992 Chicago Print Fair, Chicago, Illinois. 1992 Lecture, George Eastman House, Rochester New York. 1992 Lecture, Museum of jung's, Photographic Arts, San Diego, California. 1992 Lecture, University of Arkansas Little Rock, Little Rock, Arkansas. 1993 Photographic Workshop, International Center for human management Photography, New York, New York. 1993 Lecture, Advertising and typology, Design Club of human management, Toronto, Toronto, Canada. 1993 Lecture, Osaka Art University, Tokyo, Japan. 1993 Lecture, Reykjavik Municipal Art Museum, Iceland. 1993 Lecture, Seattle Arts Museum, Seattle, Washington DC.

1993 Photographic Workshop, Rockport, Maine. 1993 Lecture, Kenyon College, Gambier, Ohio. 1993 Lecture, The University of New Hampshire, New Hampshire. 1994 Lecture, Advertising Photographers of New York, New York, New York. 1994 Photographic Workshop, International Center for Photography, New York, New York. 1994 Photographic Workshop, Goteborgs Universitet, Sweden. 1994 Lecture, Les Rencontres D'Arles, France. 1994 Lecture, ASMP, New Jersey.

1994 Lecture Photographic Workshop, East Texas Photographic Society, Plano, Texas. 1995 Lecture, Annenberg School of jung's typology, Communications, University of compared to new chesapeake society, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 1995 Lecture, University of the Arts, College of jung's, Art Design, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 1995 Photographic Workshop, International Center of and examples, Photography, New York, New York. 1995 Photographic Workshop, Rockport Maine. 1995 Lecture, Black Book, New York, New York. 1995 Lecture, VISCOM, Jacob Javitz Center, New York, New York. 1995 Lecture, University of jung's typology, Memphis, Tennessee. 1996 Lecture, University of reasons why gun is bad, Pennsylvania, Annenberg School of typology, Communications, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 1996 Photographic Workshop, Rockport Maine. 1996 Lecture, Fatamorgana, Denmark.

1996 Maine Photographic Workshop, Oaxaca, Mexico - Winter. 1996 Maine Photographic Workshop, Oaxaca, Mexico - Summer. 1996 Lecture, VISCOM, Jacob Javitz Center, New York, New York. 1996 Photographic Workshop, International Center of Photography, New York, New York. 1997 Maine Photographic Workshop, Oaxaca, Mexico, Winter.

1997 Photographic Workshop, International Center of satire, Photography, New York, New York. 1997 The Center for Photography at Woodstock Workshop, Woodstock, New York. 1997 Maine Photographic Workshop, Oaxaca, Mexico - Summer. 1997 Photographic Workshop, Rockport, Maine. 1997 Lecture, Santa Barbara Musuem of typology, Art, California. 1997 Lecture, Photo Plus, Jacob Javitz Center, New York, New York for Canon and new england colonies social, ICP. 1998 Maine Photographic Workshop, Oaxaca, Mexico, Winter. 1998 The Columbus Soceity for jung's typology Communicating Arts, Columbus, Ohio. 1998 Lecture, Institutt for reasons control Journalistikk, Fredrikstad, Norway. 1998 Lecture, Virginia Museum of jung's, Fine Arts, Richmond, Virginia.

1998 Maine Photographic Workshop, Oaxaca, Mexico, Summer. 1998 Photographic Workshop, International Center of A Good to Find, Photography, New York, New York. 1998 Maine Photographic Workshop, Rockport, Maine. 1998 Maine Photographic Workshop, Oaxaca, Mexico, Summer. 1998 Amherst College, Mead Art Museum, Amherst, Massachusetts. 1998 Lecture/Workshop, Goshen College, Goshen, Indiana. 1998 Lecture, Advertising Photographers of America, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. 1998 Maine Photographic Workshop, Oaxaca, Mexico€“Winter. 1999 Lecture, George Eastman House, Rochester, New York. 1999 Lecture, A.S.M.P., Boston, Massachusetts.

1999 Maine Photographic Workshop, Oaxaca, Mexico-Spring. 1999 Lecture, UCLA Hammer Museum, Los Angeles, California. 1999 International Photomeeting, Republic of jung's, San Marino. 1999 Lecture, Oneida County Volunteer Firemens Association/Kirkland Art Center, Clinton, New York. 1999 Maine Photographic Workshop, Rockport, Maine. 1999 Annenberg School for Communication Workshop, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 1999 The Center for to new society Photography at jung's, Woodstock Workshop, Woodstock, New York. 1999 Lecture, Brauer Museum at Valparaiso University, Valparaiso, Indiana. 1999 Lecture, Fashion Institute of human, Technology, New York, NY. 1999 Lecture, CYMK Lecture Series, New York, New York.

1999 Lecture, Salon.com Brilliant Careers Event, San Francisco, California. 1999 Lecture Workshop, University of typology, North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. 1999 Lecture, The National Arts Club, New York, New York. 2000 Lecture, Photo L.A., Santa Monica, California. 2000 Maine Photographic Workshop, Oaxaca, Mexico-Winter. 2000 Lecture, UCSF Conference Center, San Francisco, California.

2000 Lecture, Santa Barbara Museum of structure, Art, Santa Barbara, California. 2000 Lecture, Art Center Colege of jung's, Design, Pasadena, California. 2000 Lecture, Northern Short Course/NPPPA, Buffalo, New York. 2000 Lecture, National Geographic Society/ASMP: Capital Region, Washington, DC. 2000 International Center of theory, Photography Workshop. 2000 Maine Photographic Workshop, Oaxaca, Mexico-Summer. 2000 Maine Photographic Workshop, Rockport, Maine. 2000 Annenberg School for Communication Workshop, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 2000 The Center for jung's Photography at A Good to Find, Woodstock Workshop, Woodstock, New York.

2000 Lecture, Hunt Photographic Show, Boston, Massachusetts. 2000 Lecture, Phillips Exeter Academy, Exeter, New Hampshire. 2000 Lecture, Arbetets Museum, Norrkoping, Sweden. 2000 Lecture, Kulturhuset, Stockholm, Sweden. 2001 Lecture, Northern Kentucky University, Highland Heights, Kentucky. 2001 Maine Photographic Workshop, Oaxaca, Mexico-Winter. 2001 International Center of typology, Photography Workshop, New York, New York.

2001 DoubleTake Lecture and Master Class. 2002 Getty Center, Los Angeles, California. 2002 Lecture, Center for england, Creative Studies, Detroit, Michigan. 2003 Lecture, Weber Stat University, Ogden, Utah. 2003 Photographic Center Northwest Workshop, Oaxaca, Mexico. 2003 Woodstock Workshop, Woodstock, New York. 2003 Ross Institute School Workshop, East Hampton, New York. 2003 Cincinnati Country Day School Workshop, Cincinnati, Ohio. 2003 Sweet Briar College Lecture, Sweet Briar, Virginia. 2003 Lecture, UCLA Hammer Museum, Los Angeles, California. 2004 Museum of jung's typology, Fine Arts Lecture, Boston, Massachusetts.

2004 Photographic Center Northwest Workshop, Oaxaca, Mexico. 2004 Museum of compared england,, Contemporary Photography Lecture, Chicago, Illinois. 2004 Manchester City Galleries Lecture, Manchester, England. 2004 Photographic Center Northwest Workshop, Oaxaca, Mexico. 2004 Lecture, Independent Curators International, New York, New York. 2004 Lecture, High Museum, Atlanta, Georgia. 2005 Whyte Museum Lecture, Banff, Canada.

2005 Lecture, Rochester Institute of Photography, Rochester, New York. 2005 Lecture, Manchester Craftsmen's Guild, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. 2005 Reykjavik Museum of Photography, Reykjavik, Iceland. 2005 Photographic Center Northwest Workshop, Oaxaca, Mexico. 2006 Photographic Center Northwest Workshop, Oaxaca, Mexico. 2006 Woodstock Workshop, Woodstock, New York.

2006 Lecture, Hudson Valley Community College, Troy, New York. 2006 Photographic Center Northwest Lecture, Seattle, Washington. 2006 Hallmark Institute of jung's, Photography, Turner Falls, Massachusetts. 2006 Salo Art Museum Lecture, Salo, Finland. 2006 Vancouver Photographic Workshops, Vancouver, Canada. 2007 Photographic Center Northwest Workshop, Oaxaca, Mexico. 2007 Lecture, Hallmark Institute of resources, Photography, Turner Falls, Massachusetts. 2007 EFTI Workshop, Madrid, Spain. 2007 Woodstock Workshop, Woodstock, New York. 2007 Lecture, Akron Art Museum, Akron, Ohio.

2007 Lecture, Ryerson University, Toronto, Canada. 2008 Lecture, Lewis Clark College, Portland, Oregon. 2008 International Center of jung's, Photography Workshop, New York, New York. 2008 Oaxaca Workshop, Oaxaca, Mexico. 2008 Woodstock Workshop, Woodstock, New York. 2008 Lecture, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas. 2008 Lecture, The Academic Society of management strategies, Lund/Lund University, Lund, Sweden. 2008 Lecture, Festival of the Photograph, Charlottesville, Virginia. 2008 Lecture, Herbert F. Johnson Museum, Ithaca, New York.

2008 Lecture, Hallmark Institute of jung's typology, Photography, Turner Falls, Massachusetts. 2008 Lecture, Owens Community College, Toledo, Ohio. 2008 Lecture, Nordiska Museum, Stockholm, Sweden. 2008 Lecture, Philadelphia Free Library, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 2009 Lecture, Annenberg Lecture Series, Palm Springs Art Museum, Palm Springs, California. 2009 Puerto Rican Day Parade Workshop, New York, New York. 2009 Julia Dean Photo Workshops, Venice, California. 2009 Lecture, Austin Center of Photography, Austin, Texas.

2009 Oaxaca Workshops, Oaxaca, Mexico. 2009 Halloween Workshop, New York, New York. 2009 Center for Photography at human resources strategies, Woodstock Workshop, Woodstock, New York. 2009 Master Critique Workshops, International Center for typology Photography, New York, New York. 2009 Lecture, San Francisco Film Festival, San Francisco, California.

2009 Lecture, Sony World Photography Awards, Cannes, France. 2010 Puerto Rican Day Parade Workshop, New York, New York. 2010 Lecture, University of Man is Essay, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, New York 2010 Master Critique Workshops, International Center for jung's typology Photography, New York, New York. 2010 Oaxaca Workshops, Oaxaca, Mexico. 2010 Lecture, Richland College, Dallas, Texas 2010 NewSpace Center for human resources management Photography Worksohp, Portland, Oregon. 2010 Lecture, Rhode Island School of Design, Providence, Rhode Island 2010 Halloween Workshop, New York, New York. 2010 Lecture, Fashion Institute of Technology, New York, New York. 2011 Oaxaca Workshops, Oaxaca, Mexico. 2011 Lecture, Malmo University, Malmo, Sweden.

2011 Lecture, Reed College, Portland, Oregon. 2011 Julia Dean Workshop, Los Angeles, California. 2011 International Center for jung's Photography Workshop, New York, New York. 2011 Fotografiska Workshop, Stockholm, Sweden. 2011 Festival of the Photograph/LOOK3 Workshop, Charlottesville, Virginia. 2012 Lecture, Nordic Light Photography Festival, Kristinsund, Norway. 2012 Oaxaca workshops, Oaxaca, Mexico. 2012 International Center for satire definition and examples Photography Workshops, New York, New York. 2012 Photo Xpeditions Workshop, Reykjavik, Iceland. 2012 Lecture, Bursa Foto Festival, Bursa, Turkey.

2012 Lecture, Fundacion Mexican de Cine and jung's typology, Artes, Saltillo, Mexico. 2012 Lecture, Philadelphia Photo Arts Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 2012 Panel discussion, Spotlights, International Center of Photography, New York, New York. 2013 Lecture, Lowe Museum of maturation theory, Art, Miami, Florida. 2013 Lecture, Instituto de Arte e Cultura do Ceara, Fortaleza, Brazil. 2013 Workshop, Marinho, Sao Paulo, Brazil. 2013 Lecture, Leica Gallery, Los Angeles, California. 2013 Workshops, Oaxaca, Mexico. 2013 Workshop, Reykjavik, Iceland. 2013 Workshop, Center for typology Photography at satire definition and examples, Woodstock, Woodstock, New York.

2013 ASMP, Boston, Massachusetts. 2013 Workshop, Mary Ellen Mark Halloween Workshop, New York, New York. 2013 Lecture, ASMP/Smithsonian, Washington, DC. 2013 Lecture, Penny Stamps Lecture Series, University of jung's, Michigan, Michigan. 2013 Workshop, Photo Espana, Madrid, Spain. 2014 Workshop, Oaxaca, Mexico. 2014 Workshop, Leica Store, Miami, Florida. 2014 Lecture, Gerbner Lecture Series, University of human, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. 2014 Workshop, New York City. 2014 Workshop, International Center of typology, Photography, New York City. 2014 Workshop, Reykjavik, Iceland.

2014 Workshop, Center for to new england, Photography at Woodstock, Woodstock, New York. 2014 Halloween Workshop, New York City. 2015 Lecture, Columbia University, School of the Arts, New York City. 2015 Workshop, Oaxaca, Mexico. 2015 Workshop, International Center of jung's typology, Photography, New York City. 2015 Palm Springs Photographic Workshops, Palm Springs, CA. Streetwise, University of colonies social structure, Pennsylvania Press, 1988, Aperture, 1992. Indian Circus, Chronicle Publishers, 1993, Japan Independent Communications Corporation, 1993. Mary Ellen Mark Portraits, Motta Fotografia, November 1995, Smithsonian International Press, 1997, Nathan, Paris, France, September 1997. Prom , Getty Publishing, Los Angeles, United States, 2012.

Man and Beast , University of jung's, Texas Press, Austin, United States, 2014. Mary Ellen Mark on colonies the Portrait and the Moment , Aperture, New York, 2015. Tiny: Streetwise Revisited , Aperture, New York, 2015. Vision and jung's typology, Expression, Horizon Press with the maturation theory George Eastman house, Rochester, New York,1969. Photographing Children, Time-Life Books, 1971.

British Journal of jung's, Photography Annual, 1972. The Photojournalist: Two Women Explore the Modern World and A Good Man is, the Emotions of jung's typology, Individuals, Mark and Leibovitz, Thomas Y. Compared! Crowell, 1974. Between Friends/Entre Amis, the jung's National Film Board of new england, Canada, 1976. A Vision Shared, St. Typology! Martin€™s Press, Inc., 1976. Photography Year 1977 , Time-Life Books, 1977. Olympus Elements, The Yellowhammer Company, London, 1977. American Images: New Work by Contemporary Photographers, McGraw Hill, 1979. Notes On the satire definition Making of jung's typology, Apocalypse Now , Proscenium Publishers Inc., 1979. A Day in satire the Life of typology, Australia, Collins Publishers, 1981. The Best of satire definition and examples, Photojournalism 9 , National Press Photographers Association, 1984.

One Moment of the typology World, Communication Engineering Lab., Ltd., 1984. Spirit of Sport, Group Project, A Polaroid Book, New York Graphic Society, 1985. Vivre En Maillot De Bain, (Miami Beach), Federation Francaise Du Pret A Porter Feminin, 1986. Day in reasons why gun control is bad the Life of America, Collins Publishers, 1986. Chi Troppo e Chi Niente. Jung's Typology! , Micrart€™s Ecizioni SpA, 1986. China the is bad Long March, Intercontinental Publishing Corporation, 1986.

Day in jung's typology the Life of to new chesapeake society, Russia, Collins Publishers, 1987. Day in the Life of Spain, Collins Publishers, 1987. American Photography 3 , Booth-Clibborn, 1987. Light Years , The Friends of Photography, 1987. A Day in typology the Life of the Soviet Union, Collins Publishers, 1987. Homeless In America, Acropolis Books 1988. A Day in satire definition the Life of California, Collins Publishers, 1988. The 67th Art Directors Annual, ADC Publications Inc., 1988.

Life Classic Photographs, New York Graphic Society, Little, Brown, and Company 1988. American Photography 4 , Abbeville Press, 1988. Day In The Life of China, Collins Publishers, 1989. Rolling Stone, The Photographs, Simon Schuster, 1989. 54 Master Photographers of typology, 1960-1979 , Photographic Society of reasons why gun, Japan, 1989. Das Waren Die Achtziger Jahre, Stern Buch, 1989. Photographer€™s Dialogue , Social Issues Resources Series, Inc., 1989. The Jews in America, Collins Publishers, 1989. American Photography Five, Booth-Clibborn, 1989. A Day in jung's typology the Life of england, chesapeake, Italy, Collins Publishers, 1990. The Photo Essay, Photographers at jung's typology, Work, A Smithsonian Series, 1990.

Graphis Photo 90, Graphis Press Corp., 1990. Children in A Good Hard to Find Photography: 150 Years, Firefly Books, Ltd., 1990. 75 Years of Leica Photography , The Leica Camera Group, 1990. Criticizing Photographs , Mayfield Publishing Company, 1990. TID , Henrik Saxgren/Fotogruppen 2. Jung's! maj og Forlaget Amanda, 1990. American Photography 6, Edward Booth-Clibborn, 1990. The Power to definition and examples, Heal, Prentice Hall Press, 1990. Eyewitness, Time Inc.

Magazine Company, 1990. We, the Children, Key Porter Books, 1990. Day in the Life of jung's, Ireland , Collins Publishers, 1991. The Circle of Life, Cohen Publishers, 1991. The Meaning of Life, Little, Brown, 1991. 10,000 Eyes: Professional Photography Division, Eastman Kodak Company and Thomasson-Grant, 1991. Shooting Stars , Stewart Tabori Chang, 1992. Baby, Baby, Sweet Baby , Pomegranate Artbooks, 1992. The World of the Theatre 2nd Ed. Man Is To Find! , Wm. C. Typology! Brown Publishers, 1992. The Evolving Therapist , The Guilford Press, 1992.

Transitory Gardens , Yale University Press, 1993. Turnaround: A Memoir , Villard Books, 1993. The Illustrated Woody Allen Reader , Alfred A. Resources Management! Knopf, New York, 1993. Halloween , Macmillan Publishing Company, 1993. Photographers For Friends In Deed , Sotheby€™s, 1993. Les Annees 1970, Foundation Select, 1993. Photographers International, Photographers International, 1993. History of typology, Women Photographers , Abbeville Press, 1994.

Passage to resources management, Vietnam , Against All Odds, 1994. King of the Hill , Fusosha Entertainment, 1994. Kissing: Photographs Essays on jung's the Wonderfull Act of Man is to Find, Kissing , H2O Company Ltc.,1994. Black and jung's, White New York , Thomasson-Grant, Inc., 1994. Talking Pictures , Chronicle Books, 1994. Out in human management strategies America, Viking Studio Books, 1994. Blind Spot, Blind Spot Photography Inc., 1994. World Press Photo This Critical Mirror, World Press Photo, 1995. Animal Attractions , Humane Society of New York Abrams, 1995. Photography Speaks II , Chrysler Museum Inc., 1995.

Rolling Stone Images of Rock and Roll , Little Brown, 1995. American Photography 11, Amilus, Inc., 1995. All Smiles, Chronicle Book, 1995. Santa Speaks , Collins Publisher, San Francsico,1995. Visionaire: Seven Deadly Sins , Visionaire Publishing, 1995. Fashion, Photography of the Nineties , Scalo, 1996.

Christmas Around the jung's World , Collins Publishers, 1996. The Philippines, A Journey Through The Archipelago , Archipelago Press , 1996. The Shadow Man , Random House, Inc. Colonies! New York, 1996. Criticizing Photographs , Mayfield Publishing Company, 1996. RollingStone Film Reader , Pocket Books, 1996. Marlon Brando: Portraits and Filmstills 1946-1995 , Schirmer/Mosel, 1996. Communication Arts: Photography Annual 37, Coyne Blanchard, Inc. 1996.

The Imaginary Girlfriend, Alfred A. Knopf Canada, 1996. The Story of Mothers and jung's typology, Daughters , Collins Publishers, New York, 1997. Hasselblad: The Camera System 50 Years 1948-1998 , Victor Hasselblad AB., 1997. Communication Arts, Coyne Blanchard, Inc. Compared To New England, Chesapeake Society! 1997. Faces of the jung's Twentieth Century , Abbeville Press, 1998. Car Culture, Gibbs Smith Publishing, Layton, Utah, 1998. Evergreen Review Reader, Four Walls Eight Windows, 1998. Under the Man is to Find Whelming Tide: The 1997 Flood of the Red River of the typology North, North Dakota Museum of Hard to Find, Art, Grand Fork, North Dakota, 1998.

The Bond Between Women, Riverhead Books, New York, 1998. The Century, Doubleday Publishers, New York, 1998. Outrageous: The Photographs, Rolling Stone Press Book, New York 1998. Rolling Stone: The €˜70s, Rolling Stone Press Book, New York 1998. The Ernst Haas Memorial Collection , The Portland Museum of jung's, Art, Maine, 1998. Portfolio: The Image Of Man 50 Years of Stern, The Best Pictures, Stern, Germany 1998. Hope Photographs , Thames and Hudson, 1998. Sleep:Bedtime Reader , Universe Publishing, 1998. Photography€™s Multiple Roles, The Museum Of Contemporary Photography, Columbia College Chicago, Chicago 1998.

Photo Annual 1998 , Graphics Inc Publishing, New York 1998. 5th International Month Of Photography Athens, September 17- October 18, 1998 , Hellenic Center For Photography, Athens, 1998. Communication Arts: Photography Annual 39, Coyne Blanchard, Inc. 1998. The Pictures of Texas Monthly 25 Years, Stewart, Tabori, Chang, 1998. The Century for maturation Young People, Random House, inc., 1999. Green Mountains Review, Green Mountains Review, 1999. People Who Shaped the jung's typology Century , Time Life Inc., 1999. Biography: Maya Angelou, Lerner Publication Company, 1999. Picturing the Modern Amazon, New Museum Books, 1999. The Way Home: Ending Homelessness in human resources management strategies America , Harry N. Jung's! Abrams, Inc., New York, 1999.

American Photography: A Century of A Good Man is to Find, Images, Chronicle Books, 1999. Women Photographers at National Geographic , National Geographic Society, Washington, DC 2000. Masterminds of Mode, H2O Company Ltd., 2000. The 100 Greatest Entertainers , Entertainment Weekly, New York, NY 2000. The Bond Between Women , Riverhead Books, New York, NY, 1998. The Dog , Ruth Silverman, Chronicle Books, San Francisco, 2000. Vanity Fair€™s Hollywood, Viking Studio, 2000.

Leica World: Magic Moments 2 , Leica, Germany, 2000. Witness in Our Time , Smithsonian, Washington, DC 2000. Abnormal Psychology Textbook , The Open University of jung's typology, Israel, 2000. Entertainment Weekly Yearbook 2000, Entertainment Weekly, 2000. In Response to Place , The Nature Conservancy, 2001. Moulin Rouge, Allen Unwin, 2001. Zie Je, Ik Hou Van Je , Davidsfonds/Literair, 2001.

Frauen Sehen Frauen, Schirmer/Mosel, 2001. Images From the definition World Between: The Circus in jung's typology 20th Century American Art, The Mitt Press, 2001. Brotherhood, American Express Publishing Corporation, 2001. American Photography 18 , Amilus Inc., 2002. Photographs: The LOOC Foundation and Well Being Auction Catalogue , The LOOC Foundation, 2002. Photography Pastforward , Aperture, 2002. Aperture 168: 50th Anniversary , Aperture, 2002.

New York: Capital of Photography , Yale University Press in human resources management association with The Jewish Museum, New York, NY, 2002. The Conversations , Alfred A. Knopf, 2002. Handbook Of Photography 5th Ed ., Delmar, 2002. Photographers, Writers, and typology, the American Scene , Arena Editions, 2002. Communication Arts: Photography Annual 43, Coyne Blanchard, Inc. Management Strategies! 2002. Faces of jung's typology, Photography, Edition Stemmle, 2002. Pandemic Facing AIDS, Umbrage Editions, 2003. I n Focus, National Geographic Society, 2005. The Book of human management strategies, Photography , National Geographic Society, 2006. The Theatre of the jung's Face: Portrait Photography Since 1900 , Phaidon, 2007.

Photowisdom , PQ Blackwell, 2009. The New York Times Magazine Photographs, Apeture, 2011. American Photo , The Secret of definition and examples, Their Success, July/August 1995. American Photo , Fall€™s Must See Shows, Sept/October 1996. American Photo, The 100 Most Important People in Photography 1998, May/June 1998. American Photo, Mary Ellen Mark: This Renowned Photographer Loves the jung's Human Animal, Sept/Oct 1998. American Photo On Campus , Passion and colonies, Compassion, March 1999. Art News , Souvenirs of typology, a Career, Summer 2000.

British Vogue , September 1993. Bomb Magazine, Mary Ellen Mark, Summer 1989. Camera Arts Magazine, Off Camera , On Film, March 1983. Camera Darkroom , Mary Ellen Mark : The CD Interview, October 1993. City NY , An American Odyssey, Summer 2000.

Communication Arts, Mary Ellen Mark, March/April 1997. Connoisseur, Photojournalism's High Mark, September 1991. Daily News , A life in compared england, chesapeake focus, (review of American Odyssey book), January 2, 2000. Darkroom Photography, Street Shooter: An Interview with Mary Ellen Mark, Entertainment Weekly , Books: The Week, (review of American Odyssey book), January 21, 2000. Esquire, Lives From Off Center, September 1991. Flatiron News, Mary Ellen Mark: Photo Form The Edge, May 1995. Forum Hasselblad, Mary Ellen Mark, Issue 1, 2000. Freundin , Die Welt der Helden und Looser, May 2000. The Intelligencer (Doylestown), Slices of jung's typology, life from an maturation, old-fashioned photographer, (review of typology, American Odyssey exhibition), May 21, 2000. Liberation, Mary Ellen Mark, si loin de la mode,April 1995.

The Los Angeles Times Review , The Indian Circus Comes To Town, Sunday, December 22, 1991. The Los Angeles Times , An Overview of definition, Life's Underbelly Saturday, December 12, 1992. Mirabella, What Makes Women Fearless: The Mirabella 100, June 1994. New York Woman , Mary Ellen Mark: Shoots From The Heart, Jan/Feb 1987. The New Yorker, Photography, September 2, 1991. The New York Times, 25 Years of typology, Being There (With Camera), September 6, 1991. The New York Times, Images That Won€™t Let Go of the why gun control Eye,October 18, 1996.

The New York Times Magazine, The Unflinching Eye, Cover story about Mary Ellen Mark, July 12, 1987. The New York Times Book Review , A Lot Like Us, (review of American Odyssey book), April 30, 2000. Time Magazine , American Beauty, Review of jung's, Mary Ellen Mark: Photographs exhibition, May 29, 2000. National Public Radio , All Things Considered with Jacki Lyden, January 11, 1998. Petersen's Photographic , Mary Ellen Mark: Career Profile, August 2000. Philadelphia Magazine , Revelations By Mary Ellen Mark, (review of human management strategies, American Odyssey book/exhibition) May 2000. Photo District News, The Masters Turn to jung's, Digital Imaging, August 1998.

Photo District News , The 20 Most Influential Photographers, May 2000. Rolling Stone, Human Landscapes, Twenty Five Years of Photography with Mary Ellen Mark, October 3, 1991. Saturday Night, The Look of Love, February 10, 2001 (photo by Grant Delin) Soho Style , Local Color: Mary Ellen Mark, Spring 2000. Vanity Fair (Fanfair section), American Anthem, (review of American Odyssey book/exhibition), May 2000.

Vibe, The Hit Factory, September, 2000. Village Voice , Make It Simple, Wed, May 26,1993. Working Woman, Image Is Everything, February 1999. The Amazing Plastic Lady , Documentary, National Geographic Explorer Series, 1993, Producer.

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The Changing Nature of Organizations, Work, and Workplace. by Judith Heerwagen, Ph.D., J.H. Heerwagen Associates. Imagine you went to sleep and woke up to jung's, a work day in maturation, 1960. How different is your work life today, compared to what it was 40 years ago?

Clearly, there would not be a Starbucks on typology every corner or a cell phone in every pocket—but what else has changed and why? In today's world, the structure, content, and process of work have changed. Work is now: more cognitively complex more team-based and collaborative more dependent on social skills more dependent on technological competence more time pressured more mobile and less dependent on geography. In today's world, you will also be working for an organization that is likely to be very different due to competitive pressures and technological breakthroughs. Organizations today are: leaner and more agile more focused on identifying value from the customer perspective more tuned to dynamic competitive requirements and strategy less hierarchical in structure and decision authority less likely to provide lifelong careers and job security continually reorganizing to social structure, maintain or gain competitive advantage. This Resource Page explores the changing nature of jung's typology organizations and work, the drivers behind the changes, and the consequences for workers and the workplace. A. The Key Drivers for Changing Nature of Work.

Although many factors ultimately contribute to human resources strategies, the changing patterns of work, organizational theorists point to two key drivers: Increasing pressures on organizations to be more competitive, agile, and customer focused—to be a lean enterprise. Communication and information technology breakthroughs, especially mobile technologies and the Internet that enable work to be separated from time and space. Changes in Organizational Focus: What does it Mean to be Lean? The Lean Enterprise model was introduced to the world by Toyota in the 1970s. Since then, it has fueled changes in typology, organizations across the globe, particularly—but not exclusively—in manufacturing and product development. The key principles of Lean Enterprise (or lean thinking, as it is sometimes called) are: Define value from the customer's perspective.

Identify internal activities and theory, processes that add value for the customer and identify linkages between them (the value chain). Eliminate non-value added activities (or waste) across the organization. Typology. Reduce waste and inefficiencies in support (e.g., overhead) functions. The lean enterprise principles enabled many organizations to respond more rapidly to the marketplace by control is bad reducing cycle time, developing mass customization processes, and supporting continual change and innovation. Creating the Lean Machine: Changes in jung's, Organizational Structure and Relationships. Adopting lean principles and lean thinking has led to numerous changes in organizational structure to improve the maturation theory efficiency of internal processes, with a goal of eliminating waste and defining customer value. These changes have been supported and enabled by transformations in information and communications technology, especially the Internet and mobile computing and communication devices. Key organizational changes include: Reduced hierarchical structure —Hierarchies are cumbersome and cannot respond quickly to changing market demands, such as pressures for reduced cycle time and continuous innovation. Hierarchies are being replaced by cross unit organizational groupings with fewer layers and more decentralized decision making. Blurred boundaries —As organizations become more laterally structured, boundaries begin to breakdown as different parts of the organization need to work more effectively together.

Boundaries between departments as well as between job categories (manager, professional, technical) become looser and there is a greater need for task and jung's typology, knowledge sharing. Teams as basic building blocks —The move toward a team-based organizational structure results from pressures to make rapid decisions, to satire definition, reduce inefficiencies, and to continually improve work processes. New management perspective —Workers are no longer managed to comply with rules and typology, orders, but rather to be committed to organizational goals and to Find Essay, mission. The blurring of boundaries also affects organizational roles. As employees gain more decision authority and latitude, managers become more social supporters and coaches rather than commanders. Continuous change —Organizations are expected to continue the cycles of reflection and reorganization.

However, changes may be both large and typology, small and are likely to be interspersed with periods of stability. Kling and Zmuidzinas identify three types of change—metamorphosis (far reaching, fundamental change), migration (shifts toward a new form), and control is bad, elaboration (changes that enhance some aspect of work). B. How Work is Changing for typology, Individuals and resources management, Groups. Over the past two decades, a new pattern of work is emerging as the knowledge economy realizes the full potential of both new technologies and new organizational models. The changes fall into the following domains: Cognitive competence Social and interactive competence The new psychological contract between employees and employers Changes in process and place. Although these domains are discussed separately, they overlap. We briefly discuss the overlaps, where they exist, and point to the benefits and concerns the jung's new work patterns present for workers and managers. Cognitive workers are expected to be more functionally and cognitively fluid and able to human resources, work across many kinds of tasks and situations.

The broader span of work, brought about by changes in organizational structure, also creates new demands, including: Increased complexity of work —Workers need to know more, not only to typology, do their jobs and tasks, but also to work effectively with others on teams. Many knowledge-based tasks require sound analytical and judgment skills to carry out work that is more novel, extemporaneous, and Hard to Find, context based, with few rules and structured ways of working. Although demand for high cognitive skills are especially prominent in professional, technical, and typology, managerial jobs, even administrative tasks require more independent decision making and operational decision making. Continuous competency development —Not only do workers need to keep their technology skills up to date, they need to be continuous learners in human resources strategies, their knowledge fields and to jung's, also be more conversant with business strategy. Time to read and attend training classes is maturation theory, no longer a perquisite of only a few, it is essential for all workers. Different ways of thinking —Rosabeth Kantor argues that cross-functional and cross boundary teams require kaleidoscope thinking, the ability to jung's typology, see alternative angles and perspectives and to create new patterns of thinking that propel innovation. Management. Workers also need to be able to synthesize disparate ideas in order to make the cognitive leaps that underlie innovation.

Cognitive Overload: The Cost of Complexity. Vastly increased access to information has made work both easier and more difficult. The ease comes from ability to rapidly locate and download information from diverse web sites. The difficulty comes with the need to consume and make sense of new information in a timely fashion. Information overload, coupled with time pressures and jung's, increased work complexity, lead to what psychologists call cognitive overload syndrome (COS). Symptoms of COS include stress, inability to concentrate, multitasking, task switching, and a tendency to focus on what is easy to do quickly rather than what is compared to new england, chesapeake society, important. Social and Interactive Competence. In a 2001 report on the changing nature of work, the National Research Council called attention to the importance of relational and interactive aspects of jung's typology work. As collaboration and collective activity become more prevalent, workers need well-developed social skills—what the report calls emotional labor. Good social skills are necessary for:

Team work and compared to new chesapeake society, collaboration —Conflict resolution and jung's, negotiation skills are essential to collaborative work. Conflicts often occur about group goals, work methods, assignments, workloads, and reasons, recognition. Jung's Typology. Team members with good conflict and negotiation skills are better equipped to deal openly with problems, to listen and understand different perspectives, and to resolve issues in mutually beneficial ways. Relationship development and networking —Sharing important information, fulfilling promises, willingness to be influenced, and maturation, listening are building blocks of reciprocity and the development of jung's typology trust. When workers trust one another, they are more committed to attaining mutual goals, more likely to help one another through difficulties, and more willing to share and develop new ideas. Learning and growth —Many organizations strive to be learning centers—to create conditions in which employees learn not only through formal training but through relationships with coworkers. Learning relationships build on joint problem solving, insight sharing, learning from mistakes, and working closely together to aid transmission of and examples tacit knowledge. Learning also develops from mentoring relationships between newcomers and those with experience and organizational know-how. The Costs of Collaborative Environments. In a collaborative work setting, the fate of individuals is inextricably bound to collective success. Jung's Typology. Dependence on others for one's own success is often uncomfortable.

As Susan Mohrman and Susan Cohen write in a chapter from The Changing Nature of Work : We have been socialized to value individual responsibility and individual achievement, and feel discomfort with the thought of relying on others. Comments about the fear of not having individual efforts recognized are common in the literature on Man is to Find Essay team work. Collaboration and relationship development also take time and effort. Understanding coworkers' perspectives and thought worlds requires time spent listening, integrating, and synthesizing. For those workers recognized as both knowledgeable and approachable, the demands of interaction may be especially high. As work changes, so does the nature of the relationships between employees and typology, employers. In the new work context, the informal, psychological contract between workers and employers—what each expects of the other—focuses on competency development, continuous training, and work/life balance. In contrast, the definition old psychological contract was all about job security and steady advancement within the firm. Typology. As already discussed, few workers expect, or desire, lifelong employment in a single firm. As job security declines, many management scientists see clouds on the horizon, including: Corporate indifference —Shoshana Zuboff and James Maxmin, in The Support Economy , describe a new individualism among U.S. workers.

These new individuals are invested in psychological self determination. Reasons Why Gun Control. They desire participation, expression, identity, and quality of jung's life—all values which are espoused by organizations, but largely ignored in practice as organizations continue to focus on reducing fixed labor costs. Reduced loyalty and commitment —With little expectation for advancement, workers feel less committed to organizational goals and more committed to satire and examples, their own learning and development. Typology. The knowledge and technological skills that employees bring with them to the workplace are transportable and reasons why gun, are not lost when a new job is taken. Increased time burdens —Years of downsizing and jung's, outsourcing have produced what Lesie Perlow calls a time famine—the feeling of having too much to do and too little time to do it.

In order to keep up with workloads, many workers are spending longer hours at theory work, according to reports by the Bureau of jung's Labor Statistics and the Center for Workforce Development. Flexible work arrangements do not keep up with employee preferences —The Work Trends 2000 report found that 74% of workers were not allowed flexible hours and work arrangements (such as telecommuting). Those with flex hours have limited freedom regarding when and satire and examples, where to work. The vast majority of jung's typology workers have to theory, commit to jung's typology, a specific day to work at compared to new society home or a specific day to jung's typology, take off if they work four10-hour days. The changing workplace is driven by the organizational issues described above and satire definition, enabled by technologies that support mobility and easy access to information. These pressures and opportunities, however, have not resulted in a specific new workplace model. Many models and ideas exist concurrently, with designs depending upon the organization, its work practices, culture, and customers. Table 1 highlights key drivers, solutions, and jung's typology, potential issues raised by the solution.

Table 1. Drivers, Solutions, and Issues for the Changing Workplace. More meeting space Greater variety of meeting spaces (open enclosed, large small) Smaller individual workspaces More open individual workspaces Unassigned workspaces Greater interior visibility to compared england,, support awareness Mobile supports (phones, laptops, PDAs, wireless) Personal video, instant messaging, desktop team software More use of project rooms Displayed information and work progress Small rooms for individual focus Lockers for personal belongings. Increased noise Increased distractions and interruptions Potential for over communicating Cultural barriers to behavioral change Individuals working longer hours to compensate for jung's, lack of time to do individual tasks Expectations that workers are always available. Increased use of video conferencing, computer-based team tools More reliance on conference calls Greater need for mobile technological supports for meeting rooms Use of facilities beyond normal working hours. Expansion of the workday to accommodate geographically dispersed team meetings Loss of opportunity to develop trust through face to face interaction More difficulty managing and coordinating Very high dependence on technological reliability. Flexible infrastructure to support rapid reconfiguration Mobile furnishings.

Acoustical problems with loss of good enclosure Potential for reduced ergonomic effectiveness. Shared or unassigned workspaces Centralized filing system Reduced workstation size and to new chesapeake society, increased overall densities Greater overall spatial variety to enable different kinds of jung's work to be accommodated at same time. Increased distractions and interruptions Increased noise May meet with employee resistance More difficult for paper intensive work. More equitable access to maturation, daylight, views, and other amenities More equitable spatial allocation and workspace features Amenities for stress reduction and jung's typology, quiet relaxation. Resistance from those who support hierarchical space allocation. Denver Federal Center, Denver, Colorado.

Owner: U.S. General Services Administration (GSA) Photo 1. The new daylit entry space in the GSA building at the Denver Federal Center creates not only a positive impression, but also a central social space where associates frequently encounter one another on satire definition and examples their way to jung's typology, different areas in the building. The Denver workplace project was responding initially to GSA's Worldclass Workplace for strategies, a Worldclass Workforce program to provide better work environments for associates and to ultimately attract and jung's, retain new workers. Compared. However, as the project developed, the GSA Public Buildings Service (PBS) team grew more interested in using the workplace as a catalyst for social change and the development of typology work relationships with the ultimate goal of improving responsiveness to Man is Hard to Find, customers. Improve internal working relationships, especially cross-group communication and collaboration Reduce workplace stress and increase the overall quality of jung's typology life for GSA associates Use the workplace as way to show that PBS is a thought leader, not a follower, in workplace design. Open spaces at central notes for spontaneous interaction More meeting spaces of a greater variety A centrally located cafe for meetings and lunch A new daylit entry space A de-stress space with pool table, ping pong, exercise room and lounge furnishings (all paid for by the staff through fundraising efforts) Photo 2. The de-stress space (known as The Pit) supports group social occasions, exercise, and pool playing during breaks. The furnishings and equipment in The Pit were provided through fundraising efforts by the staff. Photo 3. The skylight cafe, located off of the entryway, is used for informal meetings as well as lunchtime gatherings. A research program is new england, currently underway to assess changes in social networks and typology, communication behaviors, workplace stress, and workplace quality.

Preliminary findings show that: Compared to maturation theory, other GSA workplaces, the new Denver workplace scored higher on a number of social outcomes as measured by a web-based survey administered by the University of California, Center for jung's, the Built Environment. A preliminary social network analysis conducted by resources strategies researchers at typology the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory show that face-to-face interactions are significantly higher than virtual communications among associates in the space. The social network survey will be administered again when the final phase of the workplace renovation is completed. Workplace stress research is currently underway. Physicians and psychologists at the National Institutes of Health are using innovative technologies to satire, monitor stress over a 24-hour period and are also using behavioral sampling to gather periodic data on mood, activity, and location. Cisco Systems, Connected Workplace Proof of Concept, San Jose, CA. Photo 4. The Connected Workplace enables Cisco employees to work alone or in small groups at workstations or in informal work areas. Copyright by Cisco Systems. Like many other organizations today, Cisco came to the conclusion that their workplace environment was at jung's odds with the way they worked.

People were seldom at their desks. Man Is Hard To Find Essay. Meeting spaces were in short supply. Communication was ever more variable-face-to-face, instant messaging, desktop video, phone, e-mail. Typology. And work hours shifted dramatically as the need to work globally increased. With these changes in mind, Cisco created the Connected Workplace. It is currently in the Proof of Concept phase with a new demonstration office space on their campus in San Jose. Encourage collaboration Reduce real estate costs Reduce infrastructure costs Accommodate different work styles.

Photo 5. A long table next to A Good to Find Essay, the window serves as a work setting for both a small group and individuals working on their laptops. Copyright by jung's Cisco Systems. A flexible, collaborative workspace could improve productivity and colonies social, increase employee satisfaction while reducing real estate space and costs by increasing user density (from Cisco Connected Workplace Enhances Work Experience and Cuts Costs, www.cisco.com). Unassigned workspaces Increased number and variety of meeting spaces, from enclosed conference rooms and informal areas with comfortable chairs to a centrally located cafe Small individual workstations Highly mobile furnishings and space dividers Lockers for personal items Increased density; the space used for the POC would normally hold 88 employees compared to the 140 actually assigned to the workplace High visibility throughout the space High daylight and views to the surrounding outdoor landscape. Photo 6. A wireless Bluetooth headset, coupled with Cisco-developed software, enables workers to use their laptops to send and receive phone calls while they are working in ad hoc spaces in the Connected Workplace. Photo Credit: Cisco Systems. Wireless infrastructure and wireless LANS Laptops and docking stations Cisco work support software for individuals and groups Cisco IP Communications Technology, including software that enables calls over PCs using wired or wireless headsets Mobile video conferencing tools and software for web meetings Interactive white boards Instant messaging, e-mail and voice mail Tools for enabling workers to jung's, quickly locate each other in compared to new chesapeake society, different areas of the building. Although project evaluation is still underway, preliminary results show: Employees expressed generally high levels of satisfaction with the technologies, light, openness, and increased opportunity for collaboration Those who typically spent the most time at their desks were more challenged by the mobility Cost savings of 37% to jung's typology, 60% across categories such as rent, construction, furniture, cabling, and workplace services.

Applicable to building types and chesapeake, space types that are regularly occupied or visited. A Few Thoughts on jung's Cognitive Overload by D. Kirsh. New England Colonies Structure. Intellectia , 1(30): 19-51, 2000. The Changing Nature of Work by jung's typology A. Howard, Ed. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass, 1995. The Changing Nature of Work: Implications for Occupational Analysis by National Research Council, Committee on Techniques for Enhancement of Human Performance: Occupational Analysis. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 2001. Cisco Connected Workplace Enhances Work Experience and Cuts Costs by compared to new chesapeake Cisco Systems, 2003. Available: www.cisco.com. Jung's. Cisco IT Case Study/Real Estate/Cisco Connected Workplace Available: www.cisco.com.

The Machine that Changed the World by J.P. Womack, D.T. Jones, and D. Roos. Old Tappan, N.J.: Macmillan, 1990. The New Workforce Meets the Changing Workplace by R. M. Ranter. In The Nature of Work: Sociological Perspectives . Society. K.Erikson and jung's, S.P. Vallas (Eds). New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1990.

The Support Economy by S. Zuboff and J. Maxmin. New York: Penguin Group, Viking Press, 2002. Technology, Ideology, and Social Transformation: The Case of Computerization and satire definition and examples, Work Organization by typology R. Colonies. Kling, and M. Zmuidzinas. Revue Internationale de Sociologie , 2-3: 28-56, 1994. The Time Bind by jung's typology A. Satire Definition And Examples. Hochschild. New York: Metropolitan Books, 1977. The Time Famine: Toward a Sociology of Work Time by jung's typology L. Perlow. Administrative Science Quarterly , 44: 57-81, 1999. Strategies. Tomorrow's Organization by S.A.

Mohrman, J.A. Gailbraith, E.E. Typology. Lawler III, and Associates. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1998. The Toyota Way by J. Liker. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2003. When People Get Out of the to Find Box by S.A. Mohrman and S. G. Jung's. Cohen. In The Changing Nature of Work . A. Howard (Ed). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass, 1995.

Work Trends, 2000. Control. Nothing but Net: American Workers and the Information Economy by John J. Heldrich Center for Workforce Development, Rutgers University and Center for Survey Research and Analysis, University of Connecticut. WBDG is a gateway to up-to-date information on integrated 'whole building' design techniques and technologies. Jung's. The goal of 'Whole Building' Design is to create a successful high-performance building by strategies applying an integrated design and team approach to jung's, the project during the planning and A Good, programming phases. An Authoritative Source of Innovative Solutions for the Built Environment.

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95 theses rap yale In late August 2015, two pastors and five elders from the Early Rain Reformed Church 1 in Chengdu, Sichuan, signed a document entitled #x201C;Reaffirming our Stance on the House Churches: 95 theses,#x201D; an article that was accessed over thirty-eight thousand times in the first six months of its posting online [ 1 ]. The resemblance to Martin Luther#x2019;s act of five hundred years earlier is not incidental, and while the jung's hubris might bemuse, the document can be seen as a milestone of house church belief, broadcasting its challenge to A Good Hard the state and to the state-registered Protestant church in China. Luther#x2019;s first posting of theses in mid-1517 had very little effect. It is too early to jung's typology judge the significance of this new statement in church history, but the fiery, authoritative language, the standing of its lead author within the house church movement and satire definition, the growing import of the Reformed (Calvinist) sector of the Chinese church, mean it would be impolitic to dismiss this as a stunt of mimicry. Where Luther set out to typology dispute the nature of repentance and salvation, and question the Pope#x2019;s authority to resources strategies issue indulgences to remit wrong, the Chengdu theses address a series of topics around sovereignty and typology, authority as these pertain to God, the church, the government and the individual. There has been much written on government relations with religious bodies in China, and satire, others have considered the nature of the newly resurgent Calvinist churches in China as political or socio-cultural entities, but there has been little study of jung's typology, their theology. 2 This article examines three of the most controversial aspects of the 2015 document: its analysis of church#x2013;state relations, its rejection of the new england social structure #x201C;sinicization#x201D; of Christianity, and the excoriation of the jung's typology state-registered church. These three are intricately linked, and derive from a particular reading of the bible, church tradition, and the role of conscience. The article focuses on compared england, chesapeake, church#x2013;state relations, showing how perspectives on jung's, the state church and sinicization stem from the colonies same argument, and how #x201C;Reaffirming our Stance on the House Churches: 95 theses#x201D; develops out of typology, pastor Wang Yi#x2019;s earlier writings and his reading of sixteenth- and seventeenth-century Reformed thought. We begin, however, with Luther. 2. From Wittenberg to West China. Why would a Calvinist pastor emulate Luther in posting 95 theses on new england social structure, an internet portal?

Was it a clarion call to revolution, or something more akin to Luther#x2019;s set of propositions for debate? A brief comparison of the two acts and jung's, their authors serves as an introduction to the context and theology of the Chinese document. The lead pastor of the Early Rain church, Wang Yi (b. 1973), is a prolific author and well-known spokesperson and maturation, commentator on the house churches in typology, China, with strong connections to Chinese churches in North America. A former law professor, Wang has been a pastor in Sichuan since 2011, and has a robust media presence through his film reviews and why gun control is bad, writings in the secular press, as well as web pages and micro-blog. These latter host theological discussion threads as well as sermons and articles, and jung's typology, his published volumes (with mainland and Taiwanese presses, as well as self-published works beyond the purview of the censor) include an examination of constitutionalism, a study of the house church movement, essays on Christian faith and volumes of poetry, film reviews, edited interviews and sermons. 3 The #x201C;new urban house-churches#x201D; that Wang represents are characterized by intellectual discourse and a mission for creating an satire definition open, #x201C;above ground#x201D; church that interacts with society. Their demographic, stance and outlook are quite different to the predominantly rural house church of the late twentieth century. Congregations are well-educated, young, and media-aware ([ 7 ], pp.

189#x2013;90). Conversion data speaks not of healing miracles as in rural church surveys of the 1980s and 1990s, but of a quest for meaning among young elites whose spiritual need is understood as a release from individualism and the vacuity of rampant consumerism. For such believers, Wang Yi holds out a message bridging intellectual thought and jung's, political action, charity work and justice ([ 4 ], p. 109). Wang Yi has framed much of his theological thought over the past decade within Calvin#x2019;s (or Calvinist) categories of discussion, although the overlap with Lutheran ideas is evident, whether in new england social structure, the language of two kingdoms or an Augustinian anthropology. The questions why emulate Luther? And why now? Invoke a wider context, and jung's, parallels between the two eras and authors are worth pondering. Wang Yi shares a good degree of common cause with Martin Luther as a person and a thinker, which sits alongside a general reformed heritage of Lutheran insight (Wang takes sola scriptura and justification by faith as axiomatic). If the Holy Roman Empire of the maturation sixteenth century experienced significant political and ecclesial tension, with contorted relations between imperial and local politics, church and culture, as well as serious questions over ecclesial funding, papal prerogatives and cultic revivals, the church in typology, China is currently facing a similar array of tensions, fueling its charged thinking.

The Holy Roman Empire and the limitations of papal authority#x2014;spiritual and maturation, regnant#x2014;are met, for Wang, in the party-state and the Three-Self Patriotic Movement. Like Martin Luther, Wang writes across a range of genres for jung's, an avid audience of partisan readers. The writings of both Luther and Wang received immediate national and international scrutiny, and both are able popularizers, writing in an intelligible vernacular and utilizing popular media (whether wood block images or magazines 4 ) to and examples disseminate views. At the time of their thesis writing, each led the busy life of the early middle-aged: teaching, writing, defending contested views, acting as pastor/priest. Both have scholarly and practical interests in history and the law: mining church history extensively and taking recourse in the law when challenged (canon law for Luther; the Chinese constitution for Wang). Just as Martin Luther#x2019;s theology developed across lecture series, Wang#x2019;s theology has evolved over time. Many of Luther#x2019;s ideas resonate in Wang#x2019;s faith: from beliefs on church and state, to grace, to typology the need for colonies, discipline and obedience in churches. In his thinking on authority, Wang follows Luther in typology, holding that no ruler enjoys power unless God wills it, and echoes the careful thought linking nation and church politics seen in the revolutionary manifestoes of 1520 [ 9 ]. Wang emulates Luther in prizing the keys to Heaven as the true treasure of the church (Luther thesis #60; Chengdu theses #55, 62, 67), and and examples, takes from Luther and jung's, his heirs an abhorrence towards any confusion of the Kingdom of God with the reasons why gun control is bad Kingdom of the jung's World, and a firm belief in ecclesial things for the ecclesial. At the heart of Luther#x2019;s writing was a critique of the church that was deeply pastoral in implication: what happens when the apostolic successors betray their evangelical vocation? ([ 10 ], p. 49)#x2014;this is a core question for human resources, Wang of the state church, and argued in equally passionate terms. Romans 13 was a crucial text for typology, Luther (and Calvin), and is a passage to which Wang returns repeatedly over the course of his writings [ 11 ]. In method, the two sets of theses differ.

Luther#x2019;s #x201C;95 Theses on the Power and Efficacy of Indulgences#x201D; cohere around one central theme, which proceeds logically from step to step, creating in sum a sketch of the world at the time and pinpointing its wrongs and falsities. A Good Man Is To Find. Luther#x2019;s disputation is an invitation to argument, a gauntlet, and not a definitive statement of typology, belief; it provoked an compared england, chesapeake actual disputation of the gathered learned. By contrast, although the Early Rain church document invites response, it reads more credally, and Wang#x2019;s trial has been virtual. There are significant differences too in approach: despite his attacks on the Roman Catholic church and the #x201C;far-fetched decrees#x201D; of the pontiff, Luther held that #x201C;by schism and contempt nothing can be mended#x201D; ([ 10 ], p. 32) and chose reform from within for as long as was possible, unlike Wang#x2019;s position on the state-registered church. Jung's Typology. It is reasonable to infer, however, that detailed comparison with Luther#x2019;s theology was not the intention of the Chinese church leaders. It is the symbolism of Luther#x2019;s life and action at a time of great turbulence in church life that inspires. Luther#x2019;s steadfastness and self-belief, even to martyrdom, is the model being held up to the Chinese house church. In God#x2019;s war, as Luther wrote, we need #x201C;beware of thinking Christ will achieve things in theory, the earth quietly and softly, when He fought with his own blood#x201D; ([ 10 ], p. Jung's. 81). Wang#x2019;s rhetoric and life experience shadow Luther#x2019;s: in believing adamantly that the Man is Hard fight is of God, in typology, determination and stance for compared to new england, chesapeake society, #x201C;truth,#x201D; in willingness to jung's face trial or prison, and in cleaving to the Word of God as the source for to new england, chesapeake, action and knowledge. The great symbolic and spiritual truth of protest against church and worldly powers is captured in the theses, whether protesting the degradation of temporal power in the ruling acts of the Chinese Party State or of spiritual power in the papacy. It is notable that the language of both men against detractors hardens over time, whether in Luther#x2019;s lament questioning whether the Pope was the Antichrist ([ 12 ], p. 170) or in typology, the Early Rain church#x2019;s denunciation of the Three-Self Patriotic Movement as an #x201C;Antichrist movement#x201D; (#76).

Luther brought significant change to the theology of the sector of the church catholic that chose to follow him: from a reduction in the number of sacraments to a new understanding on transubstantiation to the assertion that church Councils may err#x2014;but has Reformed house church theology in China lived up to the promise signified by its posting of 95 theses? Church leaders have for some time regarded the new urban house church as a prophetic development. Wang Yi and theory, Liu Tongsu see it as forming a new stage in house church history, taking over from the rural house church as the center of Chinese mission, in jung's typology, what they characterize as the compared to new england, chesapeake Chinese church#x2019;s own #x201C;post-apostolic#x201D; age, as the church moves from an era of personal experience to one of theorization and forming structures ([ 7 ], p. 112). Jung's Typology. The strategic importance of the urban church is, moreover, national: God wants, Liu and Wang boldly argue, to renew the whole of mainstream Chinese culture through the urban house church ([ 7 ], p. 206). If the development of the urban house church thus represents a turning point in Chinese church history, does the resources publication of the 95 theses represent a new, bolder claim? This article suggests that the document both continues the prophetic understanding of the church (it is, after all, entitled #x201C; Reaffirming our Stance on the house Churches: 95 Theses#x201D;), but also expands it to a new horizon. Jung's Typology. The handing over of the baton to the urban churches represented a transfer of energy within the broader house church, while the 95 theses stake a claim regarding the entirety of the Chinese Protestant church. As the attack on the legitimacy of the human resources management strategies #x201C;state#x201D; church and the exposing of the ills of the jung's authorities recall Luther#x2019;s claims against the Roman church, and as the is bad impassioned language, the jung's strength of the assertions and the form of the theses evoke the A Good Man is symbol of Luther within that movement#x2014;and create a resonance between the figure of jung's typology, Luther and a leader such as Wang#x2014;it is difficult to read the document as anything other than a call to a new Reformation. 3. Satire Definition And Examples. Parsing the Theses.

In structure, #x201C;Reaffirming our Stance on the House Churches: 95 theses,#x201D; begins with initial clauses affirming God#x2019;s sovereignty as creator and authority over human beings and structures, acknowledging God as governor of the human conscience (#9) and the bible as the rule for human life and inerrant word of God (#12). The second section of theses (#18#x2013;31) presents a concise summation of the gospel message through the lens of covenant, law and redemption. The core of the jung's typology gospel is not just the A Good Hard to Find renewal of individual human relationships with God through the sacrificial offering of Christ, but also signifies #x201C;the coming of the Kingdom of typology, God, and that all rulers, countries and peoples on and examples, earth have been commanded to heed this gospel#x2014;and that includes China#x201D; (#30). 5 The following section (#32#x2013;39) addresses the question of the #x201C;Sinicization#x201D; of Christianity in China, adamantly refuting the possibility of any redemption via Chinese culture or love outside of Christ, and presenting an (Romans-heavy) analysis of the state of China#x2019;s relation to God and the limits of natural law. The fourth and fifth sections discuss the authority of Christ given to the church, and the relation between the church and the state as that between two kingdoms.

The church submits to the authority of the #x201C;sword#x201D; of government, while defending its right to protect its own work of preaching the gospel. Jung's Typology. The nature of the kingdoms and the ideal of absolute separation between church and state comprise the greatest number of clauses (#45#x2013;72), while the final part of the document attacks the stance of the Three-Self Principles Movement and its #x201C;satanic#x201D; relationship with the government. Two things are immediately apparent in reading the ninety-five theses: the recurrent emphasis on China and China#x2019;s place in God#x2019;s world, and the marked drawing on a framework of covenants and a language of depravity, which are usually identified as Calvinist in China. 6 The coherence and indurate strength of the declarations derive from combining basic theological propositions taken from Calvin#x2019;s Institutes and the Westminster Confession#x2014;expressed in the document in terms of scriptural references#x2014;with extensive application to a mainland Chinese environment. A central theological datum for Wang, for example, is freedom of conscience, which is linked to theory the church#x2019;s freedom and so to church#x2013;state relations, to questions of what is legal and illegal, to who has ultimate authority over the conscience, and to the bible in typology, its role as #x201C;the constitution of the church.#x201D; The premise often guides the argument: forcing a non-biblical standard onto a Christian, for example, is #x201C;to destroy humanity#x2019;s conscience and rationality, and to attack God#x2019;s rule over a person#x2019;s conscience#x201D; (#16). 3.1. To Find Essay. Church and State. Church#x2013;state relations form the greater part of the theses. The introduction to #x201C;Reaffirming our Stance on the House Churches: 95 theses,#x201D; offers the theses as the basis for dialogue with the government, and invites comment and debate from believers in other churches who can affirm the document and who want to join the dialogue. The final clause, #95, notes that the statement was timed to coincide with the 60th anniversary of the imprisonment of house church leader Wang Mingdao and of the government attack on the #x201C;Wang Mingdao Anti-Revolutionary Clique#x201D; in jung's, 1955, and so to mark sixty years of oppression of the house church and to #x201C;defend the church before government and society.#x201D; The house church proclaims its willingness to compared society meet with representatives of the state, whether local or national government, at typology any time and place they wish#x2014;but the colonies structure dialogue is to jung's be based on these theses and on the church#x2019;s theological standpoint.

This is an acknowledgement of a certain stalemate in relations: the Chinese government has accepted that the reasons is bad #x201C;extra-legal#x201D; situation of the house churches cannot continue indefinitely, but expected announcements on their regularization have been continuously postponed, and indeed, the latest revisions to the Regulations on Religious Affairs seem to propel house churches back towards an illegal position. 7 The church, meanwhile#x2014;and especially the rights#x2019; defense faction of which Wang Yi is a lead proponent#x2014;wants to be open and legal, but not at typology the cost of suppressing the satire and examples memory of jung's, its martyrs. Authority is religious, argues the church document. All humans are governed by God (#5), and all authority comes from is bad God (#6): the only legitimate reason we obey laws, is because they are instituted by God (#7). All have freedom of conscience (#10), but God is typology Lord over reasons why gun control, every conscience, and no human laws can exculpate from moral responsibility before God (#9): the jung's typology choice for all is between obedience to God and enslavement to human authorities. The means that knowing God#x2019;s will is the bible, and new england structure, once we jettison the typology bible and follow any external standards or authorities, our conscience remains neither moral nor secure (#14, which quotes Luther directly to this effect). To submit to non-biblical demands is to and examples betray freedom, and no-one can demand this of another human. Clauses 20 and 21 encapsulate both the jung's basis of resistance to the government and human resources strategies, the perceived perfidy of the registered church: 21. This means that when anyone wants to jung's become the ruler of our life, and wants to replace the compared to new will of jung's typology, God with their own will, or demands our unconditional submission, worship and praise#x2014;no matter whether our wife, our parents, or children, or the government or ruling party; no matter whether they come in tears or bearing a sword#x2014;this type of will, these demands, are all in essence religious in nature. These demands become the #x2018;god#x2019; of a family, a company, or a state; they demand the loyalty and compliance of people#x2019;s consciences. 22.

Morally, this type of will and these demands are evil. They are in opposition to God, and to humanity. Submitting to reasons why gun is bad this type of will and these demands is typology likewise evil, idolatrous action. Human Resources Management. Having established the basis for authority, and reiterating that Chinese society remains under the sovereignty of Christ whoever is in power, and that in typology, spiritual reality it is Christ who governs and manages history and human hearts (#43), the authors set out their understanding of church#x2013;state relations. The church, the definition and examples body of jung's, Christ endowed with the compared england, chesapeake authority of Christ, is #x201C;a kingdom that no eye can see#x201D; (#44), and relations between church and state are therefore those of jung's, two #x201C;kingdoms/countries#x201D; (#x56FD;#x5EA6;) and not those between a state and a subordinate religious authority, as the Chinese government might hold. In church history, claims the document somewhat magisterially, these have been understood as the relations between the #x201C;City of God#x201D; and #x201C;City on Earth,#x201D; or between the spiritual and secular kingdoms, or the #x201C;already but not yet#x201D; of the eternal kingdom versus the #x201C;doomed to destruction#x201D; present world (#45). When the church in to new chesapeake, China is asked, therefore, whether its faith is antagonistic to the government, it responds by asserting that God#x2019;s kingdom has already come to China, and no sword may stand against it (#49); that while the church is obedient to authorities, it has never belonged to any given state or political power (#50, although this does not mean individuals may not oppose it, when their rights are abrogated); and that, just as the state has been given the authority of the #x201C;sabre#x201D; to jung's manage social order; the church has been given the mission of the gospel, to witness to the truth (#53). The critical balance of power between the sword of state and the #x201C;keys of the Kingdom of Heaven#x201D; that the church possesses, or the principal of reasons why gun control is bad, #x201C;the separation of typology, church and state#x201D; (#62), imposes responsibilities and restraints on each: for the church to oppose the sword would be to oppose God (#54), while the government cannot oppose God in refusing the church the right to preach. Since the social structure freedom to preach the gospel comes from Christ, no country on earth has the power to prevent preachers from travelling across territories and organizing worship (#57).

Moreover, just as the church cannot divest itself of this mission on the pretext of complying with extra-biblical or secular laws, nor can it place its glorious mission concerning the eternal soul of humanity under the control or examination of governments or other organizations: to do so would be to #x201C;sell God#x201D; (#58, 61, 72). Jung's. While the things of God and new england colonies social structure, the things of Caesar co-exist, God#x2019;s are internal (#65) and do not come under the sphere of Caesar (#64); no secular power can manage or judge conscience or faith (#68). Jung's Typology. It is Christ who has distinguished the two powers (#66), and the church cannot offer its power to transient government or economic powers, or unite its structures with those of the ruling powers, thereby confusing what is of God and of Caesar. The absolute nature of the language on church and state is A Good to Find Essay clear. The statement is also clear on jung's, its intended outcome: as soon as the state gives up its attempts to resources management strategies control church doctrine, personnel and evangelization work, the jung's church will willingly comply with external administrative requirements in the name of satire, public order, such as registration with the civil affairs department (#91).

8 Elsewhere, Wang Yi has written at length on church and state, codifying the house church demands and expanding on the theological and legal ramifications of upholding the central tenets of freedom of conscience, the bible as the church#x2019;s constitution, and religion as a non-political entity. His own views are, if anything, more polemic than the jung's typology 95 theses. However, Wang#x2019;s language suggests a subtle balance between gospel and constitution, and his strategy is to address these in tandem. Wang#x2019;s starting point is that the house church#x2019;s demands are the demands of the gospel#x2014;and ought to be respected within the scope of the Chinese Constitution and China#x2019;s position as a signatory to various international treaties. The church is not fighting for new rights, but #x201C;asking the state to management acknowledge and respect the freedom we already have#x2026;#x201D; ([ 14 ], p. Typology. 367). Nor is the church, Wang iterates, demanding democracy or the rule of law; the church can and will exist under many forms of government. Reasons Why Gun Is Bad. The only thing it demands, he notes echoing Barth, is the freedom to jung's typology worship and to spread the gospel. Apart from the state#x2019;s role in guaranteeing the constitutional right to freedom of chesapeake society, religion (a clause he suggests #x201C;exists in name only#x201D;), #x201C;the mission of the jung's gospel has nothing to do with state power.#x201D; ([ 14 ], pp. 364, 362). On the theory question of legality#x2014;and where human laws clash with divine ones#x2014;Wang#x2019;s rhetoric is frank, and combines an appeal to Christian conscience with a defense of the Christian moral and legal position.

Over the last sixty years, he admits, the house church has #x201C;continuously violated the law#x201D; in worship, doctrine, theological education, children#x2019;s Sunday school, charitable work, and jung's typology, so forth ([ 14 ], p. 360). By #x201C;non-violent non-cooperation#x201D; the maturation theory church has comprehensively violated China#x2019;s administrative regulations and laws: but the jung's more pertinent question, he argues, is whether the theory state itself has violated them. The state, Wang insists, has #x201C;continuously trampled on its own constitution and laws#x201D; in an #x201C;illegal, autocratic and barbarian fashion,#x201D; as he gives example after example to substantiate the claim of #x201C;mistaken application of the law#x201D; in authorities#x2019; implementation of the various documents pertaining to religious activities from the 1950s through to typology the 2000s ([ 14 ], pp. 360, 365; [ 15 ]). In various essays, Wang (the former lawyer and constitutional historian) discusses the different types of regulation in force in China, and, like others, challenges the decision to channel religious #x201C;law#x201D; within administrative regulations, overseen by the party-state and not judicial bodies [ 16 ]. Control. A growing literature by scholars and activists attests to contradictions in current legislation, with Christian believers among the jung's typology most active in calling for the government to implement its own stated ideal of rule by law [ 17 ]. 9. Reasons Control Is Bad. The internal question for the church, suggests Wang, is whether it has violated that #x201C;higher, more worthy law#x201D; ([ 14 ], p. 360). Wang triangulates between Augustine, Luther and Calvin in his thinking on conscience, authority, and the nature of the church, with substantial reference to Samuel Rutherford, and figures such as the Scottish #x201C;puritan#x201D; Robert Murray McCheyne. In discussing three stages of conscience that Wang discerns in St Paul, for jung's, example (from natural, to religious, to gospel, based on Romans 1 and 2), Wang frequently cites Rutherford, one of the Scottish Commissioners to resources strategies the Westminster Assembly and author of Lex, Rex [ 18 ]. Rutherford is noted for his early reasoning on violent resistance to political sovereignty, constructing on the basis of Romans 13 a conceptual apparatus able #x201C;to appropriate Paul#x2019;s exhortation to obedience in the service of a justification of resistance#x201D; ([ 19 ], p. 140). In tracing Wang#x2019;s mentors, we can see doctrinal, political and personal inspiration: Rutherford not only set out ideas of jung's, limited government and constitutionalism, but a divine mandate for Presbyterian forms of human resources strategies, church government, and endured banishment and the burning of his books. While Rutherford was strongly opposed to the deification of conscience and its absolute liberty, we can find in his work the source for two central features of Wang#x2019;s thinking as embedded in the 95 theses: the conscience as #x201C;an understanding power#x201D; according to which we will have to jung's typology give an account of ourselves, and the Word of God as #x201C;the rule of Conscience#x201D; ([ 20 ], pp.

4, 10). The question of obeying conscience or state authorities has not been a merely intellectual exercise for Wang and the Early Rain church. Experiences such as the shutting down of the church in 2009 by local authorities, at first on #x201C;fire safety#x201D; grounds and subsequently as an #x201C;unregistered public organization,#x201D; have been the basis for a more developed theological and practical stance on church#x2013;state relations [ 21 ]. At the same time as being willing to maturation suffer inconvenience/detention and call for a prayerful response, the jung's church has defended itself vigorously to the local authorities, arguing that the use of the church name on law enforcement documents enabled it to be a legal plaintiff, that the enforcement procedure itself was illegal, and that the act denied church members their constitutional right of association. As Wang Yi notes, switching the law enforcement of Man is Hard to Find, churches from Public Security, to the Religious Affairs Bureau, to the Civil Affairs Bureau was potentially good for house churches#x2014;but denying them the jung's typology right to register as civil organizations left no legal space for their existence ([ 15 ], p. 26). For Wang, the legal process brought two insights: that the question of freedom of belief was now a broader one of free assembly and resources management, the church needed to engage in consensus building with other intellectuals over such freedoms, and that the church needed to question administrative definitions of #x201C;church,#x201D; and wrest this back as a theological concept, #x201C;a group of people called out by God#x201D; ([ 22 ], p. 41). A perhaps more remarkable example, and parallel case of jung's, Wang combining doctrinal and legal argument, concerns church schooling. In discussing the #x201C;Reformed School#x201D; instituted by his church and responding to the question of whether it was then legal to run a church school, Wang sets up a dichotomy.

It is maturation theory clear that at one level, setting up a school was an illegal act contravening Article 8 of the Education Law (based on Article 36 of the jung's Constitution) which enshrines #x201C;the separation of education and religion.#x201D; Under a system of #x201C;unified state and religion#x201D; (#x653F;#x6559;#x5408;#x4E00;), with stipulation for education to A Good to Find be #x201C;nationalist, collective, internationalist and communist,#x201D; it is inevitable that Christianity will clash with the constitution [ 23 ]. While Wang argues for jung's typology, the absolute separation of church and state, he and his church elders will, he vows, single-mindedly oppose the separation of education and religion. His legal argument turns on the right of citizens to england, chesapeake religious belief, a right denied to children in typology, this instance. Here a more militant aspect comes into play: the church of the management Lord has no other option, argues Wang, than to refuse to separate education and religion, as he advocates the recovery of Christian education and the rebuilding of church schools. The dialectic tension between the two kingdoms is evident: for the Christian, whose constitution is the typology bible, this is what #x201C;accords with the law.#x201D; Wang cites scriptural warrant, arguing (from Proverbs 22: 6 and 2 Chron. 7: 5) that educating children is an offering to God, and not a right that parents can give away. Is Bad. When the possibility of Christian education exists, to deny this is #x201C;testing God with children#x2019;s fate.#x201D; Having established the typology breach between state and church worldviews, Wang proceeds to outline a legal space between the bible and the Chinese constitution which provides for a medium-term reconciliation. Again, this works via recourse to international treaties, which, argues Wang, give parents priority in colonies, determining the type of education, and children the freedom to religious and moral education. As he also notes, China#x2019;s own Education Law has provision for religious schools (under State Council regulations), setting precedent for their acceptance as legitimate legal entitles [ 23 ]. 10. In Wang#x2019;s thinking, a stance for freedom of jung's, conscience and for the achievement of constitutional rights is both a continuation of the why gun control is bad work for the gospel of house church martyrs such as Wang Mingdao, and a gift to wider society in opening up civic space (this latter is why Alexander Chow wants to discuss Wang et al. as #x201C;public theologians#x201D; rather than #x201C;Calvinist#x201D; ones [ 6 ]).

It is also the only way to understand the history of church#x2013;state relations in the second half of the jung's typology twentieth century, since the oppression of the church, Wang argues, has been political not legal, and the church#x2013;state clash a matter of politics not law. From the church#x2019;s point of view, he notes, questions of worship, doctrine etc., are all matters of faith not politics: the government has politicized faith through its sixty years of persecution, turning the to new england, society house church question into a political question ([ 14 ], pp. 362#x2013;63). This line of argument speaks to fears both in the house churches that the Reformed sector has been #x201C;politicizing#x201D; faith (which Wang defends robustly, pointing out that the premise for not registering through the TSPM is jung's typology not wanting to politicize church), and fears in society more generally that the church is meddling in politics. (As Liu Tongsu notes, when the church is criticized for #x201C;playing politics,#x201D; this is usually because #x201C;politics#x201D; is widely regarded as meaning #x201C;power games,#x201D; rather than public affairs or public policies [ 24 ].) For Wang, the only way to depoliticize the question is for the state to end oppression and guarantee religious freedom. If Wang insists on a transcendental source for secular values such as liberty or constitutionalism, 11 in writing for Christian audiences, he offers a nuanced version of freedom of conscience. In a letter to #x201C;Brothers and Sisters who have dedicated themselves to serve the A Good Hard to Find Reformed Presbyterian Church,#x201D; he notes that the freedom the church has is #x201C;the freedom of conscience brought by the gospel,#x201D; and offers an anecdote to show the nature of this freedom and how it is linked to the church#x2019;s simultaneous existence in two states/kingdoms. An outsider had commented to Wang on how the jung's Early Rain church lived in truth #x201C;as if you weren#x2019;t living under the CCP#x201D; [ 25 ]. Although he was not a believer, the A Good Man is to Find Essay speaker continued, he could see that the church was the freest group in all China, and that no other collective spread the faith or discussed Chinese society with such a lack of scruples. This, for Wang, was important affirmation that living in jung's typology, fearless freedom really did equate to living outside of party-state control, embodying in community the new england colonies social structure truth that #x201C;the church is another kingdom/country.#x201D; The transformation that the cross brings is manifest, he explains, in #x201C;a counter-cultural culture, a counter-governmental government,#x201D; where money is for distribution and power is for typology, serving others, and where members can speak in a bounded freedom. Church life is resources strategies qualitatively different from life in the secular world, since the church is #x201C;the community of those who enter the Most Holy Place,#x201D; a sacred place of truth and protection. 12 In contrast to an older generation of so-called #x201C;cultural Christians#x201D; who have eschewed church community, the generation of the Reformed Church under its young leaders has put a premium on community and especially small-group life.

Wang#x2019;s views on church#x2013;state relations are internally consistent and typology, he is widely viewed as a prophetic voice in the house church movement. However, as may be clear from the description above, they also raise significant questions. A Good Essay. The 95 theses document arrogates to jung's typology the church the right to human define relations with the state, based on a biblical view and on a particular reading of theological history, leaving little room for dialogue. Wang might argue that the theses are based on the Westminster Confession [ 26 ], but on such key points as the balancing function of the civil magistrate in its judicial and typology, deliberative functions#x2014;the authority of the human strategies magistrate regarding not just orderly worship but also doctrine and the right to call synods (see [ 27 ], Ch. Jung's Typology. XXX.3)#x2014;he eschews the original (and the view of Calvin) and follows the later revisions and exclusion clauses of various Presbyterian bodies. 13 More critically for ecumenical relations and Man is to Find Essay, relations with the state, Wang#x2019;s views disregard other (non-Calvinist) theological constructs of church#x2013;state relations, and do not allow for the possibility of their legitimacy, or for development within Protestant churches on typology, the matter. 14 The tendency to use Calvinist theology as a proxy for maturation, Christian theology vis-#xE0;-vis the state is typology compounded by a tendency to speak for the entire house church, and to regard Reformed doctrine as unquestionably normative for this disparate body, a move problematic both for the house churches and for the post-denominational emphasis of the A Good Man is Hard to Find (state) church nationally. 15. While the church proclaims its Calvinist heritage, the theological basis and scope of Wang#x2019;s pronouncements merit further discussion.

Certain elements are explicit: a Calvinist political community under the lordship of Christ, with both state and jung's typology, church accountable to God; the church as a restored community; a neo-Calvinist belief in the limited role of government and new england colonies, civil protection for religious freedom; a Lutheran call to jung's take up a (metaphorical) sword when the state transgresses into the spiritual realm. Other elements are less clear, such as the anticipated relation of the two kingdoms to the Kingdom of God, as well as to each other#x2014;along the lines of a Kuyperian refining of spheres of strategies, sovereignty and the function of government itself. Does the stress on imago dei in the 95 theses imply that governance is good and fundamental to human life? A more positive Calvinist view of the jung's role of the state in God#x2019;s overall economy and in human, transforming society seems tempered by the experience of the Chinese state, but it is unclear how this experience filters back into doctrinal statements. Typology. Under-theorized questions include how life outside of the church, that part under state authority, is connected to God (especially given that the Communist view of all life under its purview parallels the church one), and A Good, how the church conceptualizes participation in jung's typology, secular life as individuals and communities, in light of Wang#x2019;s #x201C;Christian first, citizen second#x201D; formula. The document is resources management silent on such questions as the dangers inhering in elevating individual conscience above legal systems (thesis #10)#x2014;whilst holding to equal separate spheres#x2014;and of the consequences in a country where legislation gives primacy to the state over individual autonomy ([ 5 ], p. 158). One could argue that the positive engagement with society, especially over questions of public or civil space, by jung's typology Wang and Man is Hard Essay, the rights-proclaiming Chinese churches, is actually aimed at enabling a separate space, a Lutheran-type sphere for the church to be church, in a model more akin to jung's the older house-church version of separation than its Calvinist-leaning leaders might suppose. Despite the much publicized work of select Christian lawyers and theory, rights activists, the typology social reform, or kingdom building element of house church work is still relatively inchoate#x2014;although it may be premature to human management expect answers and action when some house churches are still fighting for the basic right to exist. 3.2. The Sinicization of Christianity and Denunciation of the TSPM.

If explaining a house church ecclesiology forms a major concern of typology, #x201C;Reaffirming our Stance on the House Churches: 95 theses,#x201D; the church#x2019;s position on reasons why gun control is bad, two other significant issues derives naturally from the premises and arguments above. The nature of #x201C;Chinese Christianity#x201D; has been contested since the earliest days of the jung's Protestant mission, and has been a focal question for two recent constituencies, the academic study of Christianity in why gun control is bad, China, often termed Sino-Christian theology, and theologians in state-approved seminaries, particularly within the #x201C;Theological Reconstruction#x201D; movement. The second issue, a trenchant critique of the jung's typology role the state church has taken vis-#xE0;-vis the authorities, is already implicit in the account of church and state. The remainder of this article offers some brief pointers towards reading these two questions and their subsurface debates. The house church#x2019;s stance in the 95 theses on management strategies, both issues is unequivocal: anyone advocating, for example, the #x201C;sinicization#x201D; of Christianity is #x201C;denying Christ#x201D; and #x201C;will fall under God#x2019;s righteous curse and judgement#x201D; (#36). The list denoting what #x201C;sinicization#x201D; might mean appears comprehensive: 37. This kind of advocacy or demand for a #x201C;sinicization of typology, Christianity#x201D; includes claims for maturation theory, the worship of the unique God revealed in Scripture within traditional Chinese culture and religion, or for a means of saving grace akin to jung's or identical with that of the atonement of satire definition and examples, Jesus Christ; advocating that in traditional Chinese culture or religion there is revelation of salvation outside of the unique God of the bible; advocating that the basic doctrines of the church catholic must, or need, be adapted to Chinese cultural traditions or contemporary society or political system; advocating getting rid of the historic Christ for jung's typology, some #x201C;cosmic Christ#x201D; theory and holding that Chinese traditions contain the way of salvation of Christ; diluting or denying the substitutionary atonement of Christ on the cross by means of Man is Essay, #x201C;justification by love#x201D; or other such tenets consonant with traditional Chinese moral thinking. 38. The church must oppose the #x201C;sinicization of Christianity,#x201D; that is, oppose the twisting of the gospel by culture, or the jung's typology use of theory, politics to bind faith, or using Chinese traditions that are not faithful to God to sever from the traditions of the universal church that are faithful to God. The referents are unstated, but it is possible to tease out three types of typology, thinking implicated in the critique in #37. And Examples. The first is the least well-defined: those claiming that the Jewish/Christian God can be found in classical Chinese texts, and that these texts may have a Christian redemptive function.

Debates over jung's typology, whether the #x201C;Shangdi#x201D; of early canonical texts is the same God as referred to in Hebrew and Christian scriptures have occupied Protestant scholars since the nineteenth century, and provided cause for much acrimonious debate and division, but there are very few in the church who have advocated an alternative route to salvation from these, especially in the present, and most contemporary work on Christian#x2013;Confucian etc., dialogue is definition academic rather than confessional. 16 The timeline gives a clue to typology the grounds for the objection: thesis #32 explains that God used Chinese culture and wisdom in the past to reveal God to China, but the new covenant of colonies structure, Christ (#40) supersedes any earlier stages of revelation through nature or conscience. The second set of those #x201C;twisting the gospel through culture#x201D; seems potentially to encompass all engaged in jung's, any form of indigenization or in culturation work adapting doctrine to reasons why gun control is bad Chinese culture or society#x2014;that is, much of the history of Chinese Christian theology#x2014;and appears predicated on belief in a supra-cultural gospel, separated from the linguistic forms and cultural meanings through which it is jung's transmitted. This may be an over-reading of what is intended in the Early Rain document (indigenization is only sometimes a matter of transmuting core doctrines), but the maturation text might be read as an undifferentiated attack on everything from the work of liberal, church theologians in the bensehua #x672C;#x8272;#x5316; or bentuhua #x672C;#x571F;#x5316; (#x201C;indigenization#x201D;) movements of the early twentieth century through to the writings of a thinker such as He Guanghu in the 2000s arguing that Christianity should start out from social reality. Reference to the cosmic Christ and #x201C;justification by jung's typology love#x201D; are more straightforward to maturation theory delineate: both address the theology of the jung's former head of the A Good TSPM, Bishop Ding Guangxun. Ding#x2019;s work drawing on jung's, Teilhard de Chardin is well-known, as is his foregrounding of a God of love#x2014;alongside a widespread (mis)belief that Ding denied the core Protestant doctrine of justification by faith (see e.g., [ 31 ], p. 7).

A discussion of contextualization in Chinese Christianity is beyond the scope of this paper, but it is a little ironic that a church with such a strong denominational and transplanted historical context shaping the parameters of its theology should be so readily dismissive of others#x2019; attempts to engage their cultural setting. The danger of damning cultural adaptation of core doctrine is that of tainting all indigenization moves, and of discouraging engagement with liberals by anathematizing their extreme manifestation. Zhao Zichen, revered theologian and, presumably, epitome of those targeted, wrote in 1947, #x201C;to the Chinese, God speaks as if He were a Chinese,#x201D; and yet for satire definition and examples, all, #x201C;the Word goes out over against their particular existing environments#x201D; ([ 32 ], p. 482). This same Zhao who saw in Confucius #x201C;a clear revelation of God, though only in certain particulars#x201D; and the indigenous church as #x201C;one which conserves and unified all truths contained in the Christian religion and in China#x2019;s ancient civilization,#x201D; also did his utmost to evangelize China and to #x201C;follow Jesus#x201D; personally, as did many of the academic theologians of the day [ 33 , 34 ]. The potential for misrepresentation of #x201C;Sinicizing#x201D; attempts among liberal theologians is clear, but the thesis gives no context: one of the most active periods of conceptualizing a #x201C;Chinese church,#x201D; for example, was the 1920s, in the midst of national crisis about what it meant to be Chinese, when not to engage with the question would have been negligent. A set of theses is typology necessarily concise, but the Hard to Find Essay omission of specificity threatens to blur the argument. Ding Guangxun did not deny justification by faith, arguing only that Christians erred when they paid attention to jung's typology this to the exclusion of works, yet the tendency to repeat this statement unexamined has extended well beyond Chinese evangelical scholarship.

17 In place of #x201C;sinicization,#x201D; house church voices have called for the #x201C;evangelization of China, the kingdomization of the to Find Essay church, the Christianization of culture#x201D; (#x4E2D;#x56FD;#x798F;#x97F3;#x5316;, #x6559;#x4F1A;#x56FD;#x5EA6;#x5316;, #x6587;#x5316;#x57FA;#x7763;#x5316;). It remains to be seen how the #x201C;Christianization#x201D; of Chinese culture may proceed without the evisceration of the Chinese or imposition of foreign cultural forms. A notable trait among urban house church writers is to acknowledge United States church partners for material help, training, and as a dialogue partner#x2014;and yet to seem to see this as a neutral, culture-free Christianity. While the anti-sinicization theses are aimed at a spectrum of academics and theologians and a range of beliefs on Christ and culture, the attack on the state church (#73#x2013;#95) is directed at one facet: its betrayal of the keys of Heaven entrusted to typology it, through collusion with the ruling authorities. There is a clear link between the extremely rigid separation of spheres of church and state described above and the rejection in totality of the TSPM, which relates back to the church#x2013;state split of the 1950s (alluded to in #95) and the sense that the maturation church #x201C;sold out#x201D; on the faith in the decisions made. Jung's. The house church, the document states, will not accept any censorship or monitoring by satire definition the government, any training or registration or interference in jung's, appointments, any financial controls or limitation on england, chesapeake, worship (place, age of participants, content); any slander against or persecution of missionaries in China; any church officers who also work for the government or in political parties; any notion of #x201C;religious affairs#x201D; as part of jung's, government business (#74, 86, 87). A Good Hard To Find Essay. To do so betrays the authority entrusted to the church and #x201C;joins in the oppression of the true church#x201D; (#75); it is the sign of a corrupt and idolatrous church, a whore not the bride of Christ (#83), a #x201C;false church#x201D; that has given itself over to political power (#79), a #x201C;scheme of Satan#x201D; that denies the jung's typology kingdom of Christ is higher than nations on earth (#76). The house church must #x201C;fight to human resources death#x201D; for typology, the invisible keys to the kingdom and power of the gospel (#82), and uphold its three core principles of the (inerrant) Bible as its guide; Christ as the only head of the church, and the separation of church and state, with the church submitting to definition and examples government power in the sphere of governance and holding to freedom of conscience in matters spiritual (#78). The passion is evident, as is the combination of loyalty and theological absolutism, based on a certain reading of scripture and of Reformed theology. Making #x201C;two kingdoms#x201D; theology and the separation of church and state the central dogma of jung's typology, faith has had a clear concomitant effect on the scope and direction of theological debate for the Early Rain church. While one can understand why the current assault of government advice to registered pastors as to new england colonies social what local and national issues merit attention, and typology, indeed what they might like to focus on in their preaching, might repel pastors such as Wang Yi, such language#x2014;which echoes nothing so much as the tone of the Vatican on communists in the 1950s#x2014;makes reconciliation between the registered and unregistered churches almost impossible to maturation conceive.

It also represents a partial reading of both Chinese church history and Reformed tradition, as suggested above. On the debates of the 1950s, others within the house church movement have taken a more conciliatory approach regarding the decisions that the fledging unified church took to maintain its existence, including Wang Yi#x2019;s co-author Liu Tongsu; a careful re-reading of the debates and of the historical situation of the Chinese church in the Republic and the early years of the PRC is typology imperative to any progress on human resources management strategies, this question ([ 35 ], p. 207). Wang Yi#x2019;s particular reading of Calvinist tradition on church autonomy (versus independence) and his heavy dependence on American interpretations and experience over, say, European modes of church#x2013;state relations, have channeled the jung's course of reasons control is bad, debate, a debate which will continue to typology have ramifications within the house church movement and nationally. South African theologian Denise Ackermann notes that #x201C;We say God is love; we do not often say that God is freedom,#x201D; and recounts how the neo-Calvinism that dominated Reformed South African theology almost deterred her from finding the #x201C;stunning depth#x201D; in Calvin#x2019;s writing on compared chesapeake society, freedom, that freedom which enables consciences to rise above the law and resist tyranny, whose embrace permits true service of others ([ 36 ], pp. 150#x2013;55).

In contrast, freedom of conscience is a cardinal tenet of Wang Yi#x2019;s theology (whereas God as love is more problematic because of the association of that theme with TSPM theologies). It is easy to see why a Chinese lawyer and constitutional expert would be drawn to Calvinist thought and to the central question of church#x2013;state relations. The exponential growth in academic interest in typology, Calvinism in China attests to broader interest in such thought ([ 5 ], pp. 156#x2013;57), 18 while Wang Yi himself invested considerable time in translating into Chinese Douglas F. Kelly#x2019;s volume The Emergence of new england colonies, Liberty in the Modern World: The Influence of Calvin on Five Governments from the Sixteenth through Eighteenth Centuries [ 37 ]. Jung's. If anything, one might argue that Wang Yi has spent too much time reading sixteenth- and seventeenth-century theology, seen in hyperbolic language and in Man is Essay, the revivifying of debates in jung's typology, contemporary China soaked in the 1584 Black Acts, monarchical tyranny and National Covenant. We can hold in tension two conclusions. The first is the courageous, and timely stance on the gospel and on such questions as the rule of maturation theory, law and role of a constitution that the jung's typology Early Rain church document represents. The cost to the house church of its beliefs has been very great over the last sixty years, and the sacrifice has given the church a strong moral voice in debate, a voice and confidence that it is now deploying to good effect in the interests of why gun, other citizens. Given China#x2019;s contradictory relations with its judiciary and constitution as well as with international legal bodies, and set against a background of the state strengthening its control over typology, churches, it is both timely and dangerous to to new england, dissect the constitution, or to write openly of teaching school children about the Tiananmen massacre. Grounding legal activism in jung's typology, theology has provided the same impetus and strength that drove an older generation of house church activists. In an era when the Chinese government is new england social dealing with global aspirations to jung's theocracy on its north-west borders, a propulsion to absolute division between state and england, chesapeake, religion also provides much food for political thought.

This tendency towards the jung's typology absolute, however, furnishes the second conclusion. Wang Yi and the Early Rain church 95 theses have avoided much of the more nationalistic aspects of Calvinist thought and of other sectors of the Chinese church in their analysis of church#x2013;state relations, and two kingdoms theology may contribute to a way beyond recent advocacy of Chinese exceptionalism, or insoluble debate on human management, nationalism versus patriotism. The zealous and uncompromising interpretation of two kingdoms theology, however, brings its own problems. One is a potential inflexibility in dealing with the state, both at a practical level (and so potentially engendering unnecessary oppression or control, limiting the reach of church work 19 ) and also metaphysically, in inhibiting theological thinking on how to integrate life in the civil and church worlds#x2014;even under an oppressive, atheist regime, or on jung's, how to serve vocationally in the civic sphere, or even be a Christian leader and politician. Another is in representing Christianity truthfully, to Christians and to human the state.

As suggested above, the tendency to speak for all of the #x201C;house church#x201D; has been compounded by narrow views of Christian history and biblical mandate, especially on the contentious question of church#x2013;state relations. While Wang Yi has championed thinkers such as the Scottish reformers, he has not always followed through the jung's typology natural inference: in the Scottish case, that kirk#x2013;state relations have been much more complex and interrelated than allowed for in his parsing, or that various European Presbyterian churches have followed very different trajectories than the US model and its outworking in church and society#x2014;or even that Luther himself entertained a much greater acceptance of state authority over church affairs than Wang#x2019;s absolutist line.

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canon mp140 resume Review Date: October 2012. C anon shipped both the jung's Pro-10 pigment and Pro-100 dye printers to us for review. These are the second generation of Pro printers after last year's Pro-1 introduced the maturation line. We decided to start with the Pro-100 because we remembered a remark Canon's Katsuichi Shimizu made in an interview with Dave at the Pro-1 launch.

Today's dye technology, he said, has a 300 year lifespan, and the fading durability is typology almost identical to pigment. But in the minds of photographers, a printer must be pigment-based to and examples sell. In our Pro-1 review we found that the pigment was not as brilliant as the dyes used in the Pro9000 Mark II so we have been anxious to try a Pro dye printer. Even if you have a Pro pigment printer, the Pro-100 might be a worthwhile addition. The $499 Pro-100 uses the eight-color ChromaLife 100+ dye-based ink system, which includes three monochrome inks. Previously the Pro9000 Mark II dye-based printer included just one black ink, making the Pro-100 the first Canon dye-based printer with multiple monochrome inks. Faster than the Pro-10, Canon says the typology Pro-100 can print a 13x19 high-quality color, bordered image in 90 seconds and a high-quality, bordered black-and-white print in three minutes, 5.4 times faster than previous models. You might think of the Pro-100 as something of a hybrid made from the Pro-1 and the Pro9000 Mark II. Canon lists the colonies social structure major features of the Pro-100 as: Professional quality photos on various media up to 13x19 inches Canon Full-photolithography Inkjet Nozzle Engineering features a patented print head that enables printing with microscopic droplets and high resolution up to jung's typology 4800x2400 dpi Three monochrome inks (ChromaLife 100+ Black, Gray and Light Gray) for true monochrome prints The Optimum Image Generating System uses two image optimization technologies first introduced in the Pixma Pro-1 The new Print Studio Pro plug-in provides more effective printing solutions and new england can directly hand-over image data Two-way paper feeding provides a rear tray for jung's most supported media types and maturation a dedicated manual feed in the back of the typology printer to compared to new society load thicker papers Print on printable CD, DVD or Blu-ray Discs and typology jackets Built-in WiFi and Ethernet connectivity plus Hi-Speed USB and a USB PictBridge port AirPrint for printing from iOS.

Closed . Satire And Examples? Much more compact than the Pro-1. The Pro-100 specifications include: Printer Type : Wireless professional inkjet printer Features : AirPrint, Auto Photo Fix II, Borderless Printing, Optimum Image Generating System, Photo Printing, Grayscale Photo Printing, Wireless Printing Print Speed : Up to 51 seconds for an 8x10 image on A4 with a border; up to 1:30 for an 11x14 image on A3+ with border Number of Nozzles : 6,144 Maximum Resolution : 4800x2400 dpi OS Compatibility : Windows 7/7 SP1/Vista SP1/Vista SP2/XP SP3 32-bit; Mac OS X v10.5.8, 10.6, 10.7 Standard Interfaces : Wireless LAN (IEEE 802.11 b/g/n), Ethernet, Hi-Speed USB, PictBridge Ink Compatibility : CLI-42 Ink Droplet Size : 3 picoliters Ink Capacity : 8 cartridges Paper Sizes : 4x6, 5x7, 8x10, Letter, Legal, 11x17, 13x19 Paper Compatibility : Plain: Plain Paper, Canon High Resolution Paper; Super High Gloss: Photo Paper Pro Platinum; Glossy: Photo Paper Plus Glossy II, Photo Paper Glossy; Semi-Gloss: Photo Paper Plus Semi-Gloss, Photo Paper Pro Luster; Matte: Matte Photo Paper; Fine Art Paper: Fine Art Musem Etching; Other Fine Art Papers; CD/DVD: Printable CD/DVD/Blu-ray Disc Maximum Paper Size : 13x19 Output Tray Capacity : Auto Sheet Feeder: 150 sheets of jung's typology plain paper, 20 sheets photo paper (4x6); 10 sheets (letter/8x10); 1 sheet (A3+) manual feeder: 1 sheet of photo paper (all sizes) Noise Level : Approx. 38.5 dB(A) Physical Dimensions : 27.2 x 15.2 x 8.5 inches (WDH) Weight : 43.2 lbs. Maturation Theory? Power Consumption : 19 watts (2.3 watts standby) Warranty : One-year limited warranty with InstantExchange Program. Jung's? One-year toll-free technical phone support.

Software Included : Setup Software User's Guide CD-ROM, Pixma Pro-10 Printer Driver, My Image Garden: Full HD Movie Print, Creative Park Premium, Fun Filter Effects and Image Correction/Enhance are accessed through My Image Garden Print Studio Pro, Quick Menu. The retail box includes: Pixma Pro-100 inkjet printer CD/DVD disc printing tray Manuals and other documents Setup CD-ROM Setup ink cartridges Power cord Print head USB cable. Opening the box. The installation guide. The 8-ink ChromaLife 100+ dye-based ink set includes Black, Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, Photo Cyan, Photo Magenta, Gray and Light Gray inks. Colonies Social Structure? A set of setup cartridges is included with the printer.

Ink . Cartridges not tanks. Replacement cartridges are $16.99 each directly from Canon. Jung's? A complete set of inks runs $169.90, purchased individually. But Canon typically bundles replacement cartridges at a discount, although no such package was available at launch. Because the Pro-100 can print varied images on a variety of human resources management surfaces a page cost is not feasible to calculate. From the typology outside, the Pro-100 looks like a smaller Pro-1 with a bit of A Good Man is Hard to Find a flare on the front panel. The paper feeds on the back are very similar to the Pro-1, as is the output tray in front. Inside, however, the printer resembles the Pro9000 Mark II.

The ink cartridges are not the large tanks of the typology Pro-1 and they ride in the print head itself rather than sit in separate compartments. A walk around the printer shows the USB and Ethernet connections in the right rear and the power connection on the opposite new england social, side, just as on the Pro-1. Under the front panel is a shallow storage bay for typology the CD holder, a nice touch. The holder has a small lip at Hard to Find Essay, the end to make it easier to pull back out. Ethernet, USB Hi-Speed. Cartridge on Pro-1 tank. The controls are all on the right side of the printer: A Power button with a white LED, a Resume/Cancel button with an orange LED, a blue WiFi lamp to indicate a wireless connection and the covered PictBridge port.

The output tray drawer opens to reveal a two-step extension and, in the printer itself, the typology inner cover hiding access to strategies the CD printing tray slot. The hood itself opens for access to typology the ink cartridges and satire definition and examples print head. Two paper trays are available on the back of the printer. The multi-sheet tray opens with one extension and the heavy paper tray has two small extensions. Unlike the Pro-1, the Pro-100 is pretty easily handled if not exactly light. There are no wheels to roll it into position but we walked it to jung's the end of our work table without any trouble. Hardware . Canon's wonderfully clear installation chart made it easy to satire definition and examples set up the typology hardware.

Connect the power cord. Wait for reasons why gun the printer to typology signal it's ready with the small white LED on the Power button, open the hood and install the print head. The print head, which resembles the Pro9000 Mark II head, just drops in after you open the Lock Lever. Locking the colonies structure lever back into place, though, requires a good healthy push. It will actually click into place, parallel to the table. Jung's? Don't be shy. Lock Lever (light gray) Print head nozzles, circuit.

Print head installed. Print head aligned. Then you're ready to install the software. Software . We had a little trouble with this and that's unusual. We installed everything for satire definition and examples a wired connection to typology our local area network, which is the fastest way to move the data to the printer. But it seems the installer only managed to install the AirPrint driver.

And our laptop doesn't use AirPrint. So we couldn't proceed to the print head alignment because the Man is Essay printer couldn't be found. Read from left to right. USB or Network Connection? Wired or Wireless?

Reminder to turn it on. Make cable connection for typology Wired. Cable connection continued. Resume button for Wired. Software List defaults. Wired setup complete. OS X Add Printer.

Print Head Alignment. Oops, printer can't be found. Setup complete? Not really. Extended Survey Program. How a successful install ends. We tried a wireless setup, and while the printer found the network and the network recognized the satire definition printer, that didn't help getting us to head alignment because we still didn't have a driver. Typology? It's worth noting that you hold the small WiFi button in while you press the Resume button to tell the maturation printer you want a WiFi connection, whereas for a wired connection you hold the Resume button in jung's typology until the definition and examples LED on the Power button flashes 11 times. That's how you switch connections. In the end, we simply reinstalled with our wired connection but selected only the default tools. That went fine.

We saw two options when we Added a Printer, not just one that defaulted to AirPrint. Both the options, in fact, used the typology Canon Pro-100 series driver, not the AirPrint driver, although AirPort was enabled. We never have any trouble with Canon software installations, so this was a puzzle. But a reinstall resolved the human strategies problem. We should note, however, that the software install list seemed pretty sparse, missing the usual Canon utilities. The Print Driver, on-screen manual, Quick Menu, Canon IJ Network Tool and the new Print Studio Pro, which we discuss below, were the only options. Quick Menu pops up with every possible option you can think of, much like Canon's Navigator. Typology? When we selected CD printing from the reasons why gun control is bad options, it launched Easy-PhotoPrint EX v4.0.0, which we already had installed.

Quick Menu . Jung's? The small window (bottom right) opens up the big window with all your options. You might think the installer is new england social cleverly checking disk contents before it offers to overwrite current versions, but we couldn't find an installer for Easy-PhotoPrint on the CD. It's a curious omission. Alignment . Jung's Typology? We put two sheets of plain paper in the printer and to new society let the installer execute the print head alignment. Both pages were used, printing a row and backing up to scan it. Jung's Typology? Magenta, cyan and gray inks were used. First Print . For our first print, we just sent an image from Photoshop Touch on the iPad to A Good Man is Hard to Find Essay the Pro-100 using AirPrint. Jung's Typology? And that worked fine. Print Studio Pro is a new printing plug-in from Canon. It's compatible with Canon's Digital Photo Professional (version 2.1 or later), Adobe Photoshop CS, Adobe Photoshop Elements and Adobe Photoshop Lightroom.

The new plug-in is designed specifically for Pro-series printers, Canon told us. New England Social? The company interviewed a wide range of photographers at various professional levels to help determine what users want out of a printing application. Print Studio Pro consequently provides a simple and seamless photo printing solution from a number of applications such as the jung's Canon Digital Photo Professional and Adobe's Photoshop, Photoshop Lightroom and reasons is bad Photoshop Elements. The user-interface has been designed to maximize ease-of-use with a number of options to adjust the page formats and jung's layouts, accommodate for different user preferences and manage a number of variables including color management and maturation theory printer settings. Interface . Main pane for the image, toolbar below, filmstrip below that, settings on the right. We installed it and worked with it from Photoshop CS5 where it appears under the File, Automate menu.

It didn't handle a PSD file but worked fine with a JPEG. Jung's Typology? It's a nice attempt to why gun control is bad work around what's often a confusing print dialog box, standardizing it in your photo applications for jung's typology Pro printers. Just below the human resources management image there is a toolbar which allows you to jung's change the resources management strategies orientation of the image on the sheet, rotate the sheet and image together, change the print or Exif information (although that was grayed out), crop the jung's typology image, zoom in or out, display at 100 percent and display the next or previous image in compared chesapeake society the filmstrip below the toolbar. In the typology Print Settings section, we set it up to use Canon's Photo Paper Pro Luster, letter size from the rear tray with High print quality. We also checked the Black and White option to print the maturation theory image in jung's grayscale without converting the color image in Photoshop. In the Layout section, we selected Bordered (x1), which means a one-up bordered image. Why Gun Control? Options go up to x4 but the preview didn't display the jung's image four-up. There's also a Color Management section with four settings: Color Mode (use either an reasons why gun control is bad ICC profile or Pro mode, which circumvents the rest of this), Printer Profile which displays all installed ink/paper profiles), Rendering Intent (Perceptual or Relative Colorimetric) and Color Matching Method (which was grayed out).

There's a Black Point Compensation check box as well. In the Correction section you can adjust color cast, darken white areas in a photo (apparently to let pigment printers print uniform gloss optimizer), set color balance sliders for cyan, magenta and yellow, plus use a brightness and a contrast slider as well. Jung's? You can also get a Pattern Print that shows and prints variations of these settings in a nine-row, five-column grid of images. And once you've got everything the way you want it, you can save the setup. It's no secret that print dialog boxes are easy to get lost in. Print Studio Pro doesn't hide the Man is Hard complexity from you.

You still have to know what you're doing and check all the boxes, although the defaults will take you pretty far. But it does order them intelligently so you don't skip something important. And it does enforce a single interface to the printer from Photoshop, Photoshop Elements and Lightroom. Photoshop CS5 Print Dialog . Typology? The alternative. Print Driver . The alternative, part two. If you're using printers from other manufacturers, though, it doesn't really represent any advantage. You'll still have to navigate the print dialog box for your non-Canon gear, so you might as well master it. But mastering it is maturation theory easier said than done and we applaud Canon for trying to make life a little easier.

They have. And just for the record, Pro-1 owners will need to update their driver to use this package. We decided to reprint a set of images we've already printed on other 13x19 printers, with both dye and pigment inks. The comparisons, we thought, would be useful. Black White . Black and white printing is one of the hallmarks of the Pro line, although only the jung's typology Pro-1 compares with the Pro-100's three black inks. Definition And Examples? We had trouble getting a good matte black on jung's typology the Pro-1, such that its prints on matte paper were clearly inferior to the Epson R3000. Our first black and definition white on the Pro-100 was from a color image that Print Studio Pro converted into a black and white. Typology? So we didn't fiddle with the tonality at all. We printed it on Canon's Photo Paper Pro Luster.

Black White . Epson R3000 (left) focused on highlights, Pro-100 on shadow detail. And we compared it to an Epson R3000 black and white print on Ilford Galerie Prestige Smooth Gloss. Definition And Examples? Not exactly equivalent. The image was shot from the window of jung's City Lights Bookstore in North Beach under an overcast sky. The first thing we noticed on definition and examples this low key image was that the middle tone and shadow detail on the Pro-100 print were a bit more distinct than on the Epson. But the typology second thing we noticed was that the reasons why gun is bad highlight detail was gone in the Pro-100 print. The sky was washed out and light-colored clothing didn't have as much detail. Under a loupe, the Pro-100 had a less noticeable screen pattern. With the naked eye you can't detect a screen pattern in either of them, but with the jung's typology loupe it was clear that the Pro-100 image was smoother. We really can't draw any conclusions from this.

Different sheets, different black and human resources management strategies white treatment. We can think of several ways we might get them to match more closely. Instead, we turned to our troublesome image of the jung's Golden Gate Bridge, the one that had stumped the resources management strategies Pro-1. We printed the Pro-100 print on Canon Museum Etching fine art matte paper because the Moab Entrada Natural sheet we'd used on the Epson R300 and Canon Pro-1 did not yet have a profile for the Pro-100 (but Moab Pro-100 profiles are now available). Since the Pro-100 uses a completely different set of inks, we couldn't simulate a profile, either. Golden Gate Bridge . Typology? Left to to Find right: Pro-1 on Entrada, Pro-100 on typology Museum Etching, Pro-100 on Luster. Printing from the Manual feed tray (rather than what Canon calls the multisheet Rear tray) is pretty simple. Resources Management? Just push the heavy fine art paper in until it stops and, after you give the Print command, press the Resume button (which will be flashing its orange LED). The flashing LED is supposed to give you a chance to load the Manual tray, but there's no need to wait. The image itself is jung's typology RGB color but grayscale so we could use color information to adjust tonality.

The driver has a check box for black and white printing, so we checked that to make sure the why gun control Pro-100 would use its three gray inks instead of its color ink set. And it did. But the print was a disappointment. Typology? It was generally lighter than the compared england, chesapeake other two in the highlights. The Pro-1 actually printed a muddy sky. Typology? The Epson R3000 printed a very dramatic sky. The Pro-100 printed a light sky. The black foreground was gloriously handled on why gun control the R3000, a middle gray mess on the Pro-1 and a bit darker on the Pro-100. That, as we suggested in our Pro-1 review, is more about how the ink soaks into the paper than it is jung's typology about the printer. And to prove it, we printed the image on Canon's Pro Luster sheet.

When we first looked at the dark foreground in the print we thought the management Pro-100 had a light vertical line scribed through the middle of the jung's black foreground. But it was actually in the image itself, the side of the bridge anchor. On the matte prints it was sufficiently blurred into obscurity but on the Luster sheet it was sharply delineated. This print is breathtaking on the Epson with Moab Entrada Rag Natural. A Good Hard Essay? The same sheet printed by the Pro-1 produced a forgettable image, the black shadows soaked up by the paper. Jung's Typology? Luster on why gun control is bad the Pro-100 produced an excellent image, rich in detail, demonstrating how important it is to use the right paper for jung's the job. Dye Color . The advantage of dye color is its saturation. Got sunsets? Got flowers? Got intense radiating light? A brightly-painted vehicle?

You'll get a more vibrant print with dye inks than with pigments. The rap on dyes has been that they are not as permanent as pigments. And, you know, once rapped, forever dinged. But the longevity of england, society dye prints has been greatly improved in recent years and nobody should really worry about jung's, fading a properly stored print. What you should worry about is if you want the subtlety of maturation theory a pigment print on typology a variety of supports or the vividness of a dye.

We have a favorite image of some yellow-orange dahlias dancing across the scene that can use all the theory vividness it can get. But we like to print it on a matte fine art sheet, rather than a glossy sheet because it's a flower. Dahlias . Pro-100 (top) is more saturated than the the Pro-1 pigment print. Our first problem, to our amusement, was that Canon does not supply an typology ICC profile for A Good Man is Hard Essay the Pro-100 and its Photo Rag paper. So that was out. Instead, we used a Museum Etching sheet, much heavier with a rougher pattern. There was a profile for that. We compared it to our Pro-1 print, which was all pigments. Jung's Typology? It's such a nice print, you would be happy to pay us $500 to have a copy.

And every morning, when you rolled out of is bad bed, it would make you dance. But the Pro-100 dye print is noticeably more intense. Jung's? This extends to the blacks in the background, not just the bright flowers themselves. Seen side by side, everyone prefers the satire and examples dye version printed by the Pro-100. So you can have your dye and sell it, too.

Skin Tones . And if what you'd sell most often are portraits, you'll want to jung's typology know how the Pro-100 renders skin tones. We printed our profile portrait of five sisters and compared the print to maturation theory the Epson R3000 and jung's typology Canon Pro-1 pigment prints. You do have to give the swellable Luster sheet a while to relax back into its normal surface, encapsulating the dyes. At first blush it's hard to evaluated the satire and examples results. We routinely waited 24 hours before comparing the prints. We sent the same image data we had sent to the Epson R3000 to the Pro-100. It was, on typology screen, how we wanted the print to look.

Sisters . In this case, the dye saturation isn't an advantage. R3000 pigment print (top) is human resources much more natural. And the typology R3000 had printed them beautifully. Colonies Social? The five faces were so natural, you might easily mistake them for the people themselves. The Pro-100, however, simply rendered them with more saturation than the R3000.

Unnaturally so. This isn't so much a fault as it is a demonstration of the difference between pigments and dyes. Jung's? We would have to tone down the saturation a good deal to make a good dye print of skin tones on the Pro-100. Canon i9900 Comparison . For a long time, the and examples Canon i9900 was our 13x19 dye printer. It can't handle heavy media but you usually print on thin glossy and semi-gloss sheets with dyes anyway. Our favorite sunset photo was printed with the i9900. So we printed the same image on the Pro-100 but on Luster paper.

Sunset . Can you tell them apart? Canon i9900 print (quite a few years old now) is on the bottom. The images, apart from the jung's typology finish, were identical. That's a good thing because pigment printers just don't come close to capturing either the intensity of the orange sky or the structure deep black of the typology silhouetted landscape. We have an reasons why gun control HP pigment print of the same image that is dull in jung's typology comparison. But that's what dye printers are all about. Canon Profiles . Dyes, however, rely on encapsulation in a gel layer of the maturation sheet to protect themselves from jung's typology fading. Porous sheets (like instant-dry glossy papers and all matte papers) are the wrong medium for dyes. Consequently, Canon provides profiles for its Photo Paper Plus GlossyGold, Photo Paper Pro Luster, Photo Paper Pro Platinum and Photo Paper Plus Semi-Gloss, which are all coated sheets, and its Museum Etching, Other Fine Arts papers and Matte Photo Paper uncoated sheets.

If you must. Third Party Papers . Give Ilford credit for already posting Pro-100 ICC profiles for its Galerie papers, including Smooth Pearl and Smooth Gloss in both weights. Moab hasn't been as quick. Just for laughs, we made a 4x6 print using HP's Premium Plus glossy photo paper. For the profile, we selected Platinum Pro, telling the driver we were printing on Platinum Pro, too. The image was taken on Hard Essay Twin Peaks on jung's typology a sunny day. We lined up a row of maturation relatives with the typology city in the background and theory the sun coming in strongly from the side. Why Platinum Pro instead of the Other Photo Paper setting?

Well, we didn't want the Pro-100 to do less than its best. After all, if you confess from the start that you're using Other Photo Paper, why should the printer try to exceed what it can do with its own brand? Anyway, the print was just gorgeous. A perfect equivalent to what we'd wrestled out of the jung's typology DNG image, adjusting the shadows to new england structure show a good deal more detail in the bright sun. But note that we didn't use an jung's typology instant-dry sheet (like the Kodak porous papers). Maturation? Those require pigments to stand up to the light.

With dyes, they would fade before you could get out of town. We'll be testing a few Galerie sheets shortly. And by that time maybe Moab will have some profiles available. But you can see from our HP experiment that a swellable glossy sheet from a third party shouldn't be a problem. CD Printing . In our Pro-1 review, we observed that Canon's software isn't nearly as refined as Epson's, which has been printing CD/DVD media much longer. There are a number of layouts to select from and jung's you can import any of your images into the layout and why gun is bad change the type. But the options are pretty limited, enough to typology aggravate anyone who's done any graphic design.

Easy-PhotoPrint . Editing the text. Print Settings . Man Is? Found the Pro-100. Driver Prompt . Jung's Typology? Wait for it . There are third-party alternatives, as Michael Steinbach of Bach Photography in Wisconsin mentioned. To New Chesapeake Society? He recommended Discus [MW], a CD label printing application by Magic Mouse. We tested CD printing with the jung's included Easy-PhotoPrint EX, which took a very long time to find the england, Pro-100.

Don't touch the printer until you've gone through Easy-PhotoPrint's routine. All the jung's typology way through Print. Then you'll be switched to your printer driver display for the all-clear to load the CD tray. You'll notice that the human resources management strategies Resume button is flashing orange when the jung's typology printer is ready for that. Drop a printable CD or DVD into the tray. The tray itself is loaded into the printer with big arrow pointed forward. To load the tray into the printer (with the orange Resume button LED flashing), open the output tray drawer and find the satire definition finger opening just above the Canon on jung's typology the front of the tray drawer to maturation open the CD slot. Then slide the tray into typology, the narrow opening until the two white arrows on reasons why gun control is bad the tray align with the two white arrows on the slot. Inserting a blank CD.

Align the jung's typology marks (they're at different heights) Printing was quick after that and the results were gorgeous. But they aren't waterproof. A rinse under tap water erased the image but you can buy waterproof CD/DVD products like the JVC Taiyo Yuden Watershield and the Imation Aquaguard discs. The Pro-100 doesn't appear to require any special maintenance. The manual does mention cleaning the paper feed foller, accessible from the Rear tray, and the small protrusions inside the printer along the paper path using a cotton swab. The normal caveats apply to england, chesapeake society cleaning the exterior and anything you can see in the interior (although it isn't very accessible). Jung's? Turn off the definition power, don't use volatile chemicals and stick to a microfiber or cotton swab. At least there's no piano black finish to scratch with ordinary cleaning cloths (use a microfiber cloth on piano black).

The driver's utility function provides several routines using letter-size paper: Cleaning the print head, with a Deep Cleaning routine if the typology lighter doesn't work Plate cleaning Roller cleaning. In addition you can check the print head nozzles by printing a nozzle check pattern. Theory? If there's a problem, you run the cleaning routine above. You can also align the jung's typology print head using two sheets of plain paper. And you can check the current ink levels. But there doesn't appear to be any routine maintenance required. The Pro-100 lists for new england social $499.99, the same as the Pro9000 Mark II, and Canon tells us they are available now. Canon told us the Pro-100 did not officially replace the Pro9000 Mark II. With the Pro-100, Canon has expanded its Pro printer lineup by jung's cross-breeding the Pro-1 and the Pro9000 Mark II. Maturation Theory? From the Pro-1 we get the improved media handling and CD/DVD printing as well as a three-ink black and white printing option, although not the same inks.

From the Pro9000 Mark II, we get the fast print head, the jung's typology more affordable if smaller ink cartridges and dye-based inks, although not the same set. Canon has also tossed in a replacement print dialog plug-in that keeps your eye on the ball. It's hard to compared chesapeake get excited about alternatives here, but it's attractive and it does the job nicely. Image quality was excellent, the dyes doing what the typology Pro-1 pigments just can't do. Performance was reliable without the delays of the to new england, chesapeake Pro-1 priming, making it more suitable for jung's typology infrequent use.

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Jung's typology - Mountain Math …

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essay journal topics Journal Prompts: CAHSEE English. Perhaps a good habit to get our students into is the habit of daily writing. Just like the Read-180 students are asked to read silent for typology, 20 minutes a day, maybe the CAHSEE students could start each class period with a Sustained Silent Writing period. Below are some journal prompts to get you started. No make-up journals (absent = 0 points) Students must write silently for the 10 minute block. One point will be deducted if a student is off-task, disruptive, or finished early Journals are a wonderful way to express ideas. There is no right or wrong way to Man is Essay, journal.

Respond in any way that makes sense to you. Be creative! Use your imagination! You may include illustrations, but the goal is to work with your words. Journal Prompts by Essay Type: 1. Typology! If I were the teacher, I would.

2. If I could give one piece of satire definition and examples, advice to jung's, any person in satire definition, history, that advice would be. 3. Describe a dream that you had recently. Typology! Provide as many details as possible. 4. Human Resources Strategies! The best lesson my grandparent (or parent or any relative) ever taught me was. 5. [on the day after the Grammy Awards are announced.] Do you think the right artists won? Why or why not? 6. Tell five things you'd like to do on jung's, your next birthday.

7. Maturation! Imagine a friend of jung's, yours is considering whether to social structure, take steroids. Jung's! What would you tell that friend to persuade him or her not to structure, do that? 8. Typology! In 20 years, I will be. 9. Reasons! Tell about an event in jung's, your life that has caused a change in you. 10. I was most angry when.

11. If you could design one room in a house to suit only your needs, what would it look like? (Challenge kids to A Good Hard to Find, be as fanciful as they like. Jung's! For example, would someone have a desk made of chocolate?) 12. Describe your perfect vacation. 13. My worst mistake was. 14. To New England, Chesapeake! [for high-school students.] Do you believe in love at first sight? 15. If you and your best friend could have a free limo for 24 hours, where would you go and what would you do? 16.

You have the freedom to travel to jung's, any city or country in the world. Where would you go and why? 17. What would you do if you were president of the United States? 18. You have an extra $100,000 to reasons why gun, give away; you cannot spend it on yourself. What would you do with the jung's money?

19. The qualities that make a best friend are. 20. Maturation! If you were an jung's typology insect, what kind would you be and why? 21. Describe your room at home in detail. To New! What are you proudest of and why? 22. [using a current local controversy] Do you agree with the decision? Why? Would you change if anything? What?

1. Jung's! What is something you dislike about definition, yourself? 2. What is something you do well? 3. What is your favourite room in your home and why? 4. What is a good neighbour? 5. What is the worst thing parents can do to typology, their children? 6. Maturation! What is your favourite time of jung's typology, day? 7. What is your idea of satire definition and examples, a dull evening? 8. What is the best way to treat meddlesome people? 9. What is something you are optimistic about? 10.

What is something you are pessimistic about? 11. What is your most indispensable possession and why? 12. What is the meaning of He laughs best who laughs last? 13.

What is your favourite song and why? 14. What is the best birthday present you ever received? 15. What is the jung's typology best birthday present you could receive? 16.

What is something that makes you feel sad? 17. What is human resources management, your favourite book and why? 18. What is something that really bugs you? 19. Jung's Typology! What is something that really makes you angry? 20. What is the why gun best advice you ever received? 21.

What is your favourite holiday? What makes this holiday special? 22. What is your favourite day of the jung's week? 23. What is your favourite month? Why? 1. What would happen if you could fly whenever you wanted? When would you use this ability? 2. To New England,! What would happen if there were no television?

Why would this be good? bad? 3. What would happen if everyone lived in space? What type of houses would they live in? What type of clothing would they wear? What type of food would they eat? How would they travel? 4. What if cows gave root beer instead of jung's typology, milk?

5. What if all the why gun streets were rivers? What would be different? 6. What would happen if people never co-operated? Why do you think it is important to jung's, co-operate? 7. Maturation Theory! What would happen if it really did rain cats and dogs? 8. What would happen if animals could talk? What are some of the jung's typology questions you would like to reasons why gun is bad, ask animals? 9. What would happen if you could become invisible whenever you wanted to?

What are some of the things you could do that you cannot do now? 10. Typology! What would happen if everyone wore the same clothes? 11. What would happen if you threw a piece of trash on the ground? What if everyone did? 12. Definition And Examples! What if you could walk up walls and across ceilings?

13. What would happen if you loved your neighbour as yourself? What if everyone did? 14. What would happen if you grew taller than trees? How would this change your life? 15. What would happen if children ruled the jung's world?

16. What would happen if there were no cars, buses, trains, boats, or planes? How would this change your life? 17. What if everyone lived under water? Where would people live?

What games would children play? What would school be like? 18. What would happen if you found gold in your backyard? 19. What would you do if a bully bothered you on why gun is bad, your way home? 20. What would you do if you did very poorly of a test? 21. What would you do if a friend borrows things from you but never returns them? 22.

What would you do if You were the teacher and everyone forgot his homework? 23. Jung's Typology! What would you do if you were in the middle of the lake and your boat began to control, leak? 24. Typology! What would you do if Your friend had a broken leg? How would you cheer him up? 25. What would you do if you saw little bugs in compared england,, your salad? 26.

What would you do if you woke up in another country and typology no one could understand you? 27. What would you do if you ordered an ice cream cone and you forgot to human resources management strategies, bring money? 28. Jung's Typology! What would you do if someone got in front of you when you were in line at the movies?

29. What would you do if your jelly sandwich fell upside down on the floor? 30. Satire And Examples! What would you do if only jung's, one hot dog is left and neither you nor your friend have had one? 31. What would you do if two of your best friends went to the movies without inviting you? 32. What would you do if the surprise party was for compared to new chesapeake society, you but you weren't surprised? 33. What would you do if you got a present you didn't like? 34.

What would you do if you were at home and your homework was at jung's typology, school? 35. What would you do if you dropped the resources cookie jar and it broke? 36. Jung's Typology! What would you do if you were invited to two parties on the same day? 37. What would you do if you promised to theory, feed your pet and you didn't?

38. What would you do if someone said you did something wrong and you didn't? 39. What would you do if your new shoes felt fine in the store but now they are hurting? 40. What would you do if someone told you a joke that you don't think is typology, funny? 41. What would you do if an hour before the party you remember you don't have a gift?

42. A Good Man Is To Find! What would you do if a friend comes to your house and his/her mom doesn't know he's/she's there? 43. What would you do if you had four math problems marked wrong that were right? 44. Jung's Typology! What would you do if you found in the street? 45. What would you do if you found a magic wand?

46. What would you do if you wanted to new england social structure, be friends with someone who spoke no English? 47. What would you say if someone told you it was all right to steal from jung's typology, a large department store? 48. What would you do if you saw a friend cheating--report it, confront the friend, nothing--and why? 49. Control Is Bad! If you could have been someone in history, who would you have been?

50. If you could only take 3 people with you on a trip around the world, who would you take and why? 51. If you could give any gift in the world, what would you give and to whom? 52. If you could live anywhere in typology, the world, where would it be? 53.

If you received any sum of human resources management, money as a gift, what would you do with it? 54. If you could do whatever you wanted to right now, what would you do? 55. If you were principal of this school, what would you do? 56. If you were a mouse in typology, your house in the evening, what would you see your family doing? 57. If you were five years older you would. 58.

If you were lost in the woods and social structure it got dark, what would you do? 59. If it were your job to decide what shows can be on t.v., how would you choose? 60. Jung's Typology! If there were no rules, what do you think would happen? 61. If you owned a store, what would you do to discourage people from stealing from you? 62.

If you could participate in an Olympic event, which one would you choose and Man is Hard to Find why? If you could break the typology Guiness Book of new england colonies social structure, Records it would be for? 63. Jung's! If you had to describe yourself as a colour, which would you choose? 64. If your friend told you of a secret plan to run away from home, what would you do and why? What do you think. 1. What do you think of strategies, 3D movies? 2. What do you think someone your age can do to help reduce the typology amount of pollution in our environment? 3. What do you think the world needs now?

4. Social Structure! What do you think your friends say to jung's, each other when you're not around? 5. What do you think about the amount of violence on T.V.? 6. What do you think about people polluting the environment? 7. What do you think about having set rules for is bad, people to follow? 8. What do you think about people who are inconsiderate of others? 9. What do you think should be done to keep people who are under the influence of alcohol off the road? 10. What do you think the world will be like when you are a grown up?

11. What do you think about ghosts? 12. What do you think of jung's, someone who has bad manners? 13. What do you think about people who take advantage of others? 14. What do you think about when you can't fall asleep?

15. What do you think courage means? 16. Hard! What do you think makes a good friend? 17. Typology! What do you think makes a happy family? 18.

What pollutants do you think do the most damage and why? 19. What things do you think are beautiful? 1. What do you like most about yourself? 2. What do you like to do in your free time? 3. What kind of animal would you like to be and why? 4. What kind of reasons control is bad, trophy would you like to win?

5. What TV or movie star would you like to jung's, invite to your birthday party? 6. What does Clothes make the person mean to you? 7. What does Have your cake and eat it too mean to you? 8. Satire Definition! What does The early bird gets the jung's typology worm mean to human resources management strategies, you? 9. What do we mean when we say, The grass is always greener on the other side of the fence?

10. What does You can't take it with you mean? 11. What do we mean when we say, You can catch more flies with honey than with vinegar? 12. What do we mean when we say, Hitch your wagon to jung's, a star?

13. What does still waters run deep mean to you? 14. What does There are two sides to every coin mean to you? 15. What does Canada mean to compared england, chesapeake society, you? 16. Typology! What are you afraid of? Why? 17.

What are junk foods? 18. Maturation Theory! What are some nutritious foods that you like? 19. Jung's Typology! What are some rules you have to follow at home? 20. What are some examples of reasons control is bad, prejudice? 21.

What is more important to you, appearance or personality? 22. Jung's! What is most important to you in a friend--loyalty, generosity, honesty--why? 23. What is something that makes you melancholy? 24. Reasons Why Gun Is Bad! What makes your best friend your best friend? 25. What makes you feel safe? 26.

What makes you laugh? 27. What would you invent to make life better? 28. What would you do to jung's, entertain your family without spending any money? 29. What effects does watching violence have on people? 30.

What effects do cigarette and alcohol advertising have on young people? 31. What kind of t.v. Why Gun! commercial would you like to make? Describe it. 32. What kind of jung's typology, pet would you most like to have--monkey, snake, goat--why? 33. What kind of program do you enjoy most on TV--detective shows, comedies, game shows--and why? 34.

What advice would you give a new student? 35. What advice would you give to someone who stole something but now feels guilty? 36. What things are better than going to school? Why? 37. What talents do you have? 38. What three words would describe you right now? 39.

What four things are most important in compared to new society, your life? 40. What colour makes you think of happiness? 41. Jung's Typology! What has been the most fun activity at school so far? 42. What quality do you like about yourself--creativity, personality, appearance--why?

43. What eccentric behaviour in satire definition and examples, a friend disturbs you the most? 44. What parts of nature do you like best? 45. What do you do for exercise? 1. How do you feel when it's your birthday?

Why? 2. How do you feel on the first day of jung's, winter? Why? 3. How would you feel if you were going to be on a show? Why? 4. How do you feel when you do something wrong?

5. How do you feel when you do something that is very good? 6. How do you feel when you play a trick on maturation theory, someone? 7. How would you feel if a new child moved into your neighbourhood? 8. How do you think the new child would feel? 9. How do you feel when you have had a fight with your best friend?

10. How do you think your friend felt? 11. How do you feel when you are in bed with the lights out? 12. How do you feel when you want something very badly and you cannot have it? Why is this so important to jung's, have? 13. How do you feel on a warm sunny day?

14. How do you feel when you stay with a babysitter? 15. How do you feel when you're leaving home on Man is, vacation? 16. How do you feel when you sleep at someone's house?

17. How do you feel during a thunderstorm? 18. How do you feel on the first day of jung's, school? 19. Hard! How do you feel when your parents are upset with you? Why do they become upset with you? 20.

How do you feel on Thanksgiving? What are you thankful for? 21. How do feel on (any holiday)? 22. Jung's Typology! How do you feel when something scares you? What do you do when this happens? 23. Man Is To Find! How would you feel if someone told you that you were his or her best friend? 24. Jung's Typology! How do you feel about new england colonies structure, your appearance?

25. How would you change the world to jung's, make it better? 26. How do you think eating junk food affects you? 27. How do you have the most fun--alone, with a large group, with a few friends--and why? 28. Explain how to play your favorite game. 1. I wish I had a million. Then I would.

2. I wish I had one. because. 3. I wish I could be like. This person is social, special because. 4. I wish to be a ________ when I grow up. Then I will. 5. Jung's! I wish there were a law that said. This would be a good law because. 6. I wish I could forget the why gun is bad time I . Jung's! because.

7. I wish trees could. because. 8. I wish I could see. because. 9. Human Resources! I wish I could learn. because. 10. I wish I didn't have to eat. Jung's! I don't like this food because. 11.

I wish everyone would learn to . Then everyone would. 12. Reasons Control Is Bad! I wish I never. 13. I wish I had one more chance to. Then I would. 14. I wish there was an electric. 15. I wish I had enough money to.

16. I wish everyone loved. 17. I wish all children would. 18. I wish everyone had. 19. I wish I could touch. 20. I wish animals could. If they could, then.

21. Jung's! I wish I looked like. because. 22. I wish there were no more. 23. I wish I didn't have to. 24. I wish I could go to. 25. I wish there really was. And Examples! If there really was, then.

26. I wish I could hear. 27. I wish I could give. 28. If all my wishes came true, I would. 1. Describe a time when you felt vengeful. 2. Describe your favourite toy. Jung's! Why do you like it best? 3. Describe the most ludicrous outfit you can think of.

4. Resources Management Strategies! Describe the best teacher you ever had. 1. When you are angry, how do you look? 2. When are you happiest? 3. Typology! When have you felt lonely? 4. Why Gun Control Is Bad! When do you feel proud? 5. When was the last time you cried and jung's typology why? 6. When a friend was in an embarrassing situation, what did you do? 7. To Find! When it might hurt their feelings, how do you feel about telling your friends the typology truth? 8. When might it be bad to society, be honest? 9. When someone picks on someone else, how do you feel?

What do you do? 10. Once, when you were very frightened, what happened? 11. Once, when you were embarrassed, what happened? 12. Once, when your feelings were hurt, what happened? 1. Jung's Typology! Which quality best describes your life--exciting, organised, dull--and why? 2. Compared England,! Which quality do you dislike most about yourself--laziness, selfishness, childishness--and why?

3. Typology! Which place would you most like to visit--Africa, China, Alaska--why? 4. Theory! Which holiday has the jung's typology most meaning for you-Independence Day, Thanksgiving, Valentines Day--and why? 5. Which is least important to you--money, power, fame--and why? 6. Which is most important to you--being popular, accomplishing things, being organised--and why? 1. Who do you talk to when you have a problem?

2. Who is your favourite Star Wars character (or other movie/book/t.v. Definition And Examples! show, etc.)? 3. Who or what has had a strong influence in your life? 1. Where would you prefer to be right now--mountains, desert, beach--and why? 2. Jung's! Why is human resources strategies, it important to be honest? 3. Jung's! Why is human resources strategies, important to have good manners? 4. Why do you think adults smoke/drink? 5. Why is exercise important to someone your age? 6. Why do you think some people encourage others to smoke/drink?

7. Why do you think the rules you must follow are good or bad? 8. Why would it be good to jung's, be honest? 9. Why have men and compared chesapeake women usually only done certain types of work? 10. Why should or shouldn't a man stay home to care for the house and jung's children while his wife goes to work? 11. Why do you think some people take advantage of definition, others? 12. Why do you think prejudice exists in jung's, the world? 13. Why would we say that someone is passing the buck?

14. Why would a President have a sign on control is bad, his desk which read, The buck stops here? 15. Why do you think tact is an jung's typology important quality? 16. Why is it not wise to resources strategies, squander your money? 17. Explain why we say, dead as a door nail. 1. Do you think there is too much fighting on typology, t.v. Why or why not?

2. Do you think it is necessary to have alcohol at A Good Hard to Find, a party in jung's, order to have a good time? 3. Does it bother you to be around someone who has bad manners? 4. Should there be a dress code in places such as school, restaurants, and places of business? Why or why not? 5. Should animals be used for medical research? 6. Should the American Government financially support Olympic teams? 7. Should people be prohibited from smoking in certain places? 8. Families are important because.

9. Would you like to be famous? Why or why not? What would you like to be famous for?