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Criminology/ Boot Camps term paper 18534. The questions put forth in this research paper are: whether participants in juvenile boot camps receive the the black services prescribed for meaning, them, what impact juvenile boot camps have on recidivism rates, what benefits juvenile offenders derive from boot camps, and whether juvenile boot camps are cost effective. Other topics that will arise in the course of the black cat author this paper are the definition of boot camp, and goals of juvenile boot camps. Responding to hut nutrition, increasing juvenile arrests, several states and localities established juvenile boot camps. Modeled after boot camps for adult offenders, the first camps emphasized military discipline and physical conditioning. In response to the black, increases in juvenile crime and the high cost of traditional confinement, the number of boot camps for juvenile offenders has grown in the last several years. Concurrently, much has been learned about juvenile boot camps and about their effectiveness as an intermediate corrections option. In other words are boot camps maximizing their chances of developing an effective program to definition american, help steer juvenile offenders back onto the pathway to responsible citizenship(Austin, 1993). A considerable body of the black thought concerning correctional boot camps has evolved from the last supper meaning inception of the first adult camp in 1983 through the development of the current juvenile camps. Several studies have surveyed the status of boot camps (Parent, 1989; MacKenzie and cat author Souryal, 1991; Austin, Jones, and Bolyard, 1993; U.S. General Accounting Office, 1993; Cronin and meaning Han, 1994).

MacKenzie and Hebert's Correctional Boot Camps: A Tough Intermediate Sanction, published by the National Institute of Justice in 1996, provides the most recent comprehensive assessment of the the black cat author state of boot camps. Certain issues must be considered prior to any indepth discussion of juvenile boot camps. These issues include: A definition of american boot camp. The goals of juvenile boot camps. Findings from evaluations of adult boot camps (American Correctional Association, 1995). A definition of cat author boot camp

The very use of the term boot camp and its connotations are still being debated. The media tend to hut nutrition, focus on the confrontational element of boot camps -- the the black element that juvenile practitioners like the least. Dr. MacKenzie, who has been studying adult boot camps since 1987, holds that defining the term boot camp has been a major issue and the house of spirits remains one. Her 1991 survey of adult boot camps (MacKenzie and Souryal, 1991) found some common boot camp characteristics, including: A military-style environment. Separation of boot camp participants from regular prison inmates when they are housed in collocated facilities.

The participants' perception that boot camp is an alternative to a longer term of confinement. Some hard labor (MacKenzie, 1991). The most noteworthy finding from Dr. MacKenzie's survey, however, was that boot camp programs differ widely, particularly with regard to the amount of time participants spend in therapeutic activity and in the aftercare they are provided (MacKenzie, 1991). The definition of boot camps given by cat author OJP in summary 1995 is:

Participation by nonviolent offenders only (to free up space in the black cat author traditional facilities for violent felony offenders, i.e., those who have used dangerous weapons against another person, caused death or serious bodily injury, or committed serious sex offenses). A residential phase of 6 months or less. Structure? A regimented schedule stressing discipline, physical training, and work. Participation by inmates in appropriate education opportunities, job training, and substance abuse counseling or treatment. Provision of aftercare services that are. coordinated with the program that is provided. during the the black cat author period of confinement (Office of Justice Programs, 1995). American? OJP has encouraged the consideration and development of innovative program delivery in this initiative, including designs that are in addition to or other than the military model (Office of Justice Programs, 1995), such as the Outward Bound model, environmental reclamation projects, and community service. The program guidelines also identify six key components to maximize the effectiveness of juvenile boot camp programs: Education and the black cat author job training and placement. Substance abuse counseling and treatment. Health and mental health care. Continuous, individualized case management. Intensive aftercare services that are fully integrated with the camp program (OJP, 1995).

Therapeutic elements notwithstanding, the term boot camp implies a military environment. The OJP program guidelines require a regimented schedule. Dr. Hamburg pointed out last meaning, that although juveniles can benefit from the structure and discipline of the boot camp model, the different branches of the U.S. Cat Author? armed services provide different kinds of basic training, and there is an array of military and nonmilitary models to structure, borrow from in designing the most appropriate boot camp model (OJP, 1995). The goals of the black cat author juvenile boot camps. Parent addressed the met issue of goals for juvenile boot camps. He identified five commonly expressed sentencing goals for adult boot camps:

Cost control (Parent, 1995). Of these, rehabilitation and cost control are the goals cited most often by correctional practitioners and policymakers. The object of the black rehabilitation, Parent said, is to achieve some reduction in ?further criminality, either by changing an the house summary offender's attitudes and values, perhaps leading to cat author, some behavioral change, or by addressing some of the personal deficiencies or problems that are believed to definition, be linked to the black, criminal activity (Parent, 1995), such as lack of education, substance abuse, and/or lack of social skills. Thus far the research on the effect of rehabilitation in boot camps has been inconclusive. Similarly, few hard data are available on cost, although it is known that adult boot camps cost as much as traditional prisons per inmate per last supper day. Parent stated that his simulation model has demonstrated that four conditions must be met to reduce costs: The target population must be confinement bound. The boot camp population should not be selected by judges, but by correctional officials, who would choose juveniles for boot camp from among those who have already been sentenced to or confined in a facility.

The term of confinement must be cut significantly. Cat Author? However, this condition for cutting costs is easier to implement in why sex sells an adult facility than in a juvenile facility, because adults usually receive longer sentences than juveniles. Program failures must be minimized. The Black? There are several ways to do this: Minimize voluntary dropout rates. Orientation should give potential participants a very clear understanding of what to expect in american exceptionalism the boot camp so that they are not surprised. Minimize expulsions. Participants should be given more chances for successful completion.

This can be accomplished by establishing graduated sanctions and by allowing participants to repeat the program (recycle). Minimize post-release failure. The recycling option should again be available. In addition, support should be provided through a long-term, support-oriented aftercare component. Levels of surveillance during aftercare should be linked to specific risk factors and, therefore, should vary among program graduates. The Black Cat Author? The boot camp must have a large capacity.

If substantial reductions in the confinement population are planned to reduce costs, large-scale boot camps are needed (Parent, 1995). Parent stated that currently there are two boot camp models -- treatment and population reduction and why sex sells that it is difficult to accomplish the aims of both models simultaneously. The Black Cat Author? The population reduction model, which emphasizes cost control, would be difficult to last supper meaning, replicate for the black, juveniles because they generally serve much shorter sentences than adult offenders. Rehabilitation, therefore, may be the definition exceptionalism only logical goal in opening a juvenile correctional boot camp. Findings from evaluations of adult boot camps. Dr.

MacKenzie's study of Multisite Evaluation of Shock Incarceration (MacKenzie and Souryal, 1994), was conducted in eight States and involved young male offenders between the ages of 19 and 21 who had been referred from the ? adult court system. According to Dr. MacKenzie, the most surprising finding of the evaluation was that in each of the boot camps studied, regardless of the the black cat author amount of therapeutic treatment, all participants who completed the program were more positive about their experiences than were offenders in a traditional prison setting. She also found that programs lacking in why sex sells therapeutic components were working to add them to the boot camp regimen (MacKenzie, 1994). Some evidence indicated that the rate of recidivism declined in programs where offenders spent 3 or more hours per day in therapeutic activity and had some type of aftercare or intensive supervision after release. However, the the black cat author finding of differences in structure recidivism came from an exploratory analysis. In general, the MacKenzie and Souryal evaluation found similar recidivism rates for those who completed boot camps and comparable offenders who spent long periods of time in prison (MacKenzie, 1994). The selection of boot camp youths.

Even if, as Parent suggests, the primary goal of the black juvenile boot camps ought to be rehabilitation, the the house cost-control argument for targeting confinement-bound youth is a valid one (Parent, 1995). Dr. Altschuler, who has found that most juvenile boot camps are being used as an alternative to probation, raised another reason for targeting confinement-bound youth for boot camp rather than those who receive probation. According to Altschuler, research has demonstrated that low- or moderate-risk juvenile and adult offenders who are subjected to high levels of the black supervision (as in a boot camp program that includes a structured aftercare component) actually do worse than those left on traditional probation (Altschuler, 1992). It is therefore important to distinguish between juveniles who should be placed on probation with minimal supervision and those who need more supervision. This caution touches on another issue related to selection: net widening. Judges may find appealing the option of assigning a youth to x stream leeds met, boot camp rather than to some other available intermediate sanction. The result may be confinement of a youth who previously would not have been confined.

Under these premises, the final effect is actually an cat author increase in the number of youth who are confined and structure thereby an increase in cost. There is also the issue of the high percentage of minority youth (as many as 80 percent) among those who are confined in boot camps. This can be attributed to the fact that boot camps typically serve urban areas with a high percentage of minority youth. The Black Cat Author? Often, however, the boot camp model fails to connect with this population (Altschuler, 1992). Boot camp design. In addition to size, another consideration concerning the boot camp's physical environment is whether it is located in a general population facility or is a stand-alone camp. In the adult system, general population facilities collocate the inmates of medium- or maximum-security prisons with adult boot camp inmates. Summary? The housing is separate, however, and the common areas of the facilities are used by adult boot camp inmates and adult prison inmates at different times. Stand-alone adult boot camps avoid this operational concern.

Separation from more hardened prisoners protects the boot camp inmates from a higher level of contraband and physical violence. Staffing also benefits because potential conflict between the boot camp staff and the prison staff of the black cat author a collocated facility -- for example, conflict arising from the promotion or demotion of a prison staff member versus a boot camp staff member -- is eliminated in last meaning a stand-alone facility (Parent, 1996). In a paper delivered at OJP's 1995 technical assistance workshop for applicants seeking funding under the Corrections Boot Camp Initiative, Parent stated that there is no empirical evidence to support one type of facility over another in relation to the impact on an offender's development (OJP, 1995). He does, however, cite certain perceived advantages of each type of facility. For example, the advantages of locating a boot camp in a general population facility include cost savings derived from cat author sharing infrastructure, goods, and meaning services with the the black prison. In addition, it is easier to recruit and leeds replace boot camp staff, because they do not have to move to a new community. Cat Author? Because of concerns about harmful influence and physical violence, the collocation of an adult prison or boot camp with a secure juvenile boot. camp requires adherence to statutory separation requirements as implemented by OJJDP rules (U.S. Department of Justice, 1996): Juveniles must be separated from incarcerated adults by architectural or procedural means that prevent sustained sight or sound contact. Brief and why sex sells inadvertent or accidental sight or sound contact is only considered to be a violation if it occurs in the black a secure area that is dedicated to use by macbeth structure juvenile offenders, including any residential area (Parent, 1996). The Black? The best model to induce behavioral change. The basic premise of the military boot camp model is that the military atmosphere acts as a catalyst to meaning, facilitate changes in offenders' behavior.

The military atmosphere, however, may vary widely, from a confrontational model to a developmental one. The only conclusion that can be largely agreed is that a confrontational model is counterproductive to changing juvenile behavior. Dr. Marty Beyer, a psychologist experienced in the black cat author improving the effectiveness of structure services to the black, delinquents. Three things known about macbeth structure, adolescent development, she said, should be considered when designing any program for youth: Adolescents are fairness fanatics. Running any adolescent group care program is the black difficult because adolescents are very sensitive to anything they perceive as unfair, particularly anything that applies to the whole group. Adolescents reject imposed structure and last meaning assistance.

Adolescents respond to encouragement, not punishment. The Black Cat Author? Although they may change their behavior to avoid punishment, their attitudes and behaviors do not change in response to punishment (Andrews, 1990). X Stream Leeds? The implications of these three factors are that youth will defend themselves against what they see as unfair, regardless of the motivation of the adults who are caring for them, and will reject what may be offered as assistance because they do not recognize the providers of that assistance as being part of their support system. Dr. Beyer suggested that this rejection of assistance is positive. It is the way youth have survived poverty and adverse conditions. If this natural inclination is subdued, it will undermine the very survival technique that has allowed these youth to make it this far (Andrews, 1990).

According to Dr. Beyer, delinquents change their behavior when services are based on strengths and needs. If youth are only offered what adults think they need, they will not accept assistance (Andrews, 1995). The Black? Effective services will help youth set up their own notions of what they need and then make it possible for them to meet their needs through nondelinquent behavior. The services developed should be based on summary the individual strengths of the youth. The Black? It must also be asked whether juvenile boot camps, in of spirits both their residential and cat author aftercare components, meet common needs of youth, such as the need to be competent at something, to last, feel a sense of belonging, to feel in charge (especially for those who have been victims of discrimination and abuse), and to feel a connection to cat author, their families. Dr. Beyer reiterated that punitive programs driven by imposed structure, group practices, and services that are not individually tailored to each young person's strengths and structure concepts of his or her own needs will not be effective, no matter what they are called (Andrews, 1990). The confrontational model is full of potentially abusive situations and the black cat author is antithetical to the development of the kind of healthy, productive relationship with an adult that a youth needs to structure, develop maturity (Andrews, 1990).

The suitability of boot camps for introducing therapeutic intervention was questioned, and it was also pointed out that the confrontational model is difficult, if not impossible, to monitor. However, although the adult boot camp model may not work for juveniles, it was noted that adolescents do like structure and want some structure in their lives. Therefore, it is clear that there is a need to develop other models, particularly in urban areas. Suggestions included the following: Models that incorporate mentoring and job skills. Models such as Outward Bound, which has been successful in challenging youth individually in neighborhoods such as Washington Heights in NewYork City. Models with varying goals and structures that could meet a wide range of cat author adolescent needs. Such models would especially integrate the residential and aftercare phases of the boot camp experience, so that goals, treatment methods, and programming would be the macbeth structure same for both phases. Coordination with all levels of the aftercare agencies during the the black planning and execution of the residential phase would partially ensure this desired continuity (Andrews, 1990). Pizza Hut Nutrition? Aftercare is the last phase before total release from juvenile court supervision.

Dr. Altschuler asserted that reintegration into the community is the key to the black, boot camp success. Continuity between the residential and aftercare phases of the boot camp experience is paramount (Altschuler, 1994). In general, proper reintegration requires adequate funding for last, both the boot camp and the black cat author aftercare programs, management that is coordinated throughout the entire program, and graduated sanctions and why sex sells incentives. The Intensive Aftercare Program (IAP) model of Altschuler and Armstrong, described in Intensive Aftercare for High-Risk Juveniles: A Community Care Model (1994), stresses overarching case management as fundamental to successful reintegration. Overarching case management helps the offender move from the residential phase to the aftercare phase. Cat Author? The IAP model divides case management into pizza hut nutrition, five components: Assessment, classification, and selection criteria. Selecting youth at the highest risk of cat author recidivism requires appropriate assessment and classification measures.

These measures give weight to justice system factors, such as age at structure, first offense, and to need-related factors, such as substance abuse. Cat Author? The accuracy of the measures chosen is directly related to the success of other design choices: for hut nutrition, example, staffing levels, the the black cat author size of the inmate population, and the boot camp as a whole. Individual case planning incorporating family and community perspectives. Individualized case planning should address how the special needs of the youth are linked to his or her social network (e.g., family, close friends, and peers in general) and community (e.g., schools, workplace, church, training programs, and specialized treatment programs). To ensure continuity from the residential phase to the aftercare phase, an aftercare counselor should be involved from the. beginning of the residential phase.

At a minimum, contact between the counselor and the offender should be made before discharge from the residential phase. A mix of intensive surveillance and leeds met services. Because justice system factors accompany need-related factors in the average offender, successful aftercare must strike a balance between surveillance and services. Neither one alone will suffice. Services should be tailored to the individual -- for example, continuing drug treatment for the substance abuser. Surveillance should exceed the cat author old purpose of simply jailing recidivists by identifying impending recidivism and, ideally, reversing it through rewards and graduated sanctions. A balance of incentives and graduated consequences coupled with the imposition of realistic, enforceable conditions. Positive reinforcement can induce healthy behavioral change. On the other hand, overly burdensome parole conditions can undermine healthy change or even contribute to recidivism -- from supper a psychological effect or merely from increased contact with those who record acts of the black recidivism. Why Sex Sells? Service brokerage with community resources and linkage with social networks.

The workload that results from trying to cat author, create better conditions and from the growth of boot camp populations makes it. impossible for the aftercare counselor to succeed without help. Service brokerage with community resources and linkage with social networks is critical. Service brokerage helps to definition exceptionalism, meet the needs for job training and education, among others. Linkage with social networks helps to heal those common divisions exhibited by high-risk youth in the areas of family relationships, peer relationships, and school (Altschuler, 1994). At this point in their development, boot camps do not appear to be the panacea that many hoped they would become. Nonetheless, boot camps do appear to offer certain practical advantages and future promise that warrant continued testing and examination. As an intermediate sanction, boot camps are a useful alternative for offenders for whom probation would be insufficiently punitive, yet for whom long-term incarceration would be excessive. As such, under certain conditions, boot camps can free bed space for more hardened offenders, thereby reducing the cat author financial burden on correctional budgets.

Future research must focus on the kinds of questions that have been raised here to last supper, provide the information needed to enable the justice system to maximize the benefits of boot camps as an intermediate corrections option. The next section describes ongoing Federal support for the implementation and evaluation of boot camp programs. Altschuler, D.M., and T.L. Armstrong. The Black Cat Author? 1994. (September). Intensive Aftercare for High-Risk. Juveniles: A Community Care Model. Program Summary. Washington, DC: Office of Juvenile Justice and.

Delinquency Prevention, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. Altschuler, D.M., and T.L. Armstrong. 1994. (September). Intensive Aftercare for definition american exceptionalism, High-Risk. Juveniles: Policies and Procedures.

Program. Summary. Washington, DC: Office of Juvenile Justice. and Delinquency Prevention, Office of Justice. Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. Altschuler, D.M., and T.L. Armstrong. 1992 (June).

Intensive Aftercare for High-Risk Juvenile. Parolees: A Model Program Design. The Black? Baltimore, MD: Institute for pizza uk, Policy Studies, The Johns Hopkins. American Correctional Association. 1995. Standards. for Juvenile Correctional Boot Camp Programs. Washington, DC: Office of Juvenile Justice and. Delinquency Prevention, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice.

Andrews, D.A., I. Zinger, H.D. Hoge, J. Bonta, P. The Black Cat Author? Gendreau, Beyer, M., and F.T. Cullen. 1990. Does Correctional. Treatment Work? A Clinically Relevant and. Psychologically Informed Meta-analysis.

Armstrong, T.L., and D.M. Altschuler. 1993. Intensive Interventions With High-Risk Youths: Promising Approaches in Juvenile Probation and. Parole. Monsey, NY: Criminal Justice Press. Last Supper Meaning? Austin, J.M., M. Jones, and M. Bolyard. 1993. (October). The Black? The Growing Use of Jail Boot Camps: The. Current State of the Art.

Research in Brief. Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of. Brame, R., and D.L. MacKenzie. 1996. Shock. Incarceration and Positive Adjustment During.

Community Supervision: A Multisite Evaluation. In. Correctional Boot Camps: A Tough Intermediate. Sanction, edited by D.L. Meaning? MacKenzie and the black cat author E.E. Hebert. Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of. Castellano, T.C.

1995. Enhancing the Evaluation. Outcomes of pizza Innovative Boot Camp Programs. The Black Cat Author? Progress report presented to the National Institute. of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice, September 27, 1995. Cronin, R., and M. Han. 1994.

Boot Camps for Adult. and Juvenile Offenders: Overview and Update. Research Report. Washington, DC: National Institute. of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. Gransky, L.A., T.C.

Castellano, and E.L. Cowles. 1995. Is There a `Second Generation' of Shock. Incarceration Facilities?: The Evolving Nature of. Goals, Program Elements, and Drug Treatment. Services in Boot Camp Programs. In Intermediate. Supper? Sanctions: Sentencing in the 1990's, edited by cat author J. Smykla and W. Selke. Cincinnati, OH: Anderson. Publishing Company, pp.

89-112. Greenwood, P., E. Deschenes, and macbeth structure J. Adams. 1993. Chronic Juvenile Offenders: Final Results from the. Skillman Aftercare Experiment. Santa Monica, CA: The RAND Corporation. Institute for Criminological Research and American. Institutes for the black cat author, Research.

1992 (September). Boot. Camps for Juvenile Offenders: Constructive. Intervention and Early Support -- Implementation. Evaluation. Why Sex Sells? Washington, DC: National Institute of. The Black? Justice, Office of meaning Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice.

Krisberg, B. 1991 (July). Juvenile Intensive. Supervision Program Model, Operations Manual and. Guide. Special report submitted to the Office of. Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Office. of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. Little, G., and K. Robinson. 1994.

Cost-effectiveness, Rehabilitation Potential, and. The Black? Safety of Intermediate Sanctions: Mixed Results. Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment Review 3(1):4-7. MacKenzie, D.L. 1993 (November). Boot Camp Prisons. in 1993.

National Institute of Justice Journal, MacKenzie, D.L., and exceptionalism E.E. Hebert, eds. 1996. Correctional Boot Camps: A Tough Intermediate. Sanction. Washington, DC: National Institute of. The Black Cat Author? Justice, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. MacKenzie, D.L., and J.W. Shaw. 1990.

Inmate. Adjustment and Change During Shock Incarceration: The Impact of Correctional Boot Camp Programs. Pizza Uk? Justice Quarterly 7:125-150. MacKenzie, D.L., and C. Souryal. 1994. Multisite. Cat Author? Evaluation of Shock Incarceration.

Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice, Office of Justice. Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. MacKenzie, D.L., and C.C. Souryal. 1991 (October). Boot Camp Survey: Rehabi Alitation, Recidivism. Reduction Outrank Punishment as Main Goals.

Corrections Today 53(6):90-92, 94-96. Marlette, M. 1991. Boot Camp Prisons Thrive. Corrections Compendium 16(1):1-12. Office of Justice Programs. 1995. Fiscal Year 1995. Last Supper? Corrections Boot Camp Initiative: Violent Offender. Incarceration Grant Program. Program Guidelines and. Application Information.

Washington, DC: Office of. Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. Parent, D.G. 1996. Cat Author? Boot Camps and Prison. Crowding. In Correctional Boot Camps: A Tough. Definition Exceptionalism? Intermediate Sanction, edited by D.L.

MacKenzie and. E.E. Hebert. Washington, DC: National Institute of. Justice, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. Parent, D.G. 1995.

Planning a Bootcamp: An Overview. of Five Critical Elements. Paper presented at the black, the. Office of Justice Programs Boot Camp Technical. The House Of Spirits Summary? Assistance Workshop, Atlanta, Georgia, April 1, Parent, D.G. 1994. Boot Camps Failing to Achieve. Cat Author? Goals. Overcrowded Times 5(4):8-11.

Parent, D.G. Pizza Hut Nutrition? 1989. Shock Incarceration: An Overview. of Existing Programs. Washington, DC: National. Institute of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. Word Count: 4063. Our writers are all Uni graduates able to work effectively on any level under time constraints. Well-versed in most subjects and citation styles, our writers have years of ghostwriting experience doing both academic and professional projects. Every paper is written from scratch based on the black your instructions and there is no plagiarism of any kind.

Plus, we guarantee free unlimited revisions. You will enjoy direct contact with the writer throughout the structure entire process and will receive the paper by e-mail/download. The Black? The projects are never resold and will remain your unique property for why sex sells, a lifetime. The service is totally confidential and all client information is kept private. We guarantee that the paper will adequately meet your guidelines and be done by the deadline, otherwise we will give you your money back, if we fail (terms of service apply).

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Prison service organisation, management and cat author inspection. This OC describes the organisation of HM Prison Service in England and Wales, and the Scottish Prison Service. It describes how they are managed and gives guidance on how inspectors can deal with a range of issues peculiar to prison inspection. X Stream Leeds? Whilst not covering secure hospitals, parts of the black cat author, this OC may be relevant to such sites. Following the 2010 spending review the organisation and arrangements here described may be subject to major review and change. Last Supper? This document will be updated as these changes become clear. 1 In May 2007, the Ministry of Justice (MoJ) was formed taking on responsibility for the justice system (the courts, prisons and probation services) in England and Wales.

The National Offender Management Service (NOMS) is an executive agency of cat author, MoJ. NOMS, which incorporates HM Prison Service, is responsible for commissioning and delivering offender management services in custody and the community, providing public prison service and overseeing the Boards and Trusts which provide probation services. Why Sex Sells? It is also responsible to the Youth Justice Board (YJB) for the services it provides for the black cat author, children and young people remanded or sentenced to custody and to the United Kingdom Borders Agency for the custodial places provided to hold detainees considered for deportation. 2 In Scotland there are eight Criminal Justice Authorities (CJAs) established in 2007 by the Scottish Government as devolved public bodies to structure, drive the national strategy for the management of the black cat author, offenders and oversee the pizza hut nutrition, Criminal Justice social work services. The CJAs work with the Scottish Prison Service, the police, NHS, local authority Criminal Justice Social work services and the voluntary sector. 3 The Prison Service is made up of 2 separate organisations: HM Prison Service (HMPS) in England and Wales, and the Scottish Prison Service (SPS). The former is the black cat author part of NOMS, under a Chief Executive Officer, whilst the latter is an Agency of the Scottish Government, with a Chief Executive. Both prison services are held to macbeth, be part of the Crown and therefore subject to cat author, Crown administrative enforcement procedures. 4 The prison population in England and Wales is now 87,196 (04/2010). These prisoners are held in 139 prisons, remand centres and young offenders institutions run by over 52,000 staff, of whom approximately 21,000 are uniformed prison officers.

The Scottish Prison Service1 holds about 8,000 prisoners in 16 establishments with 4,007 staff (03/09). Both services also have training colleges, stores and headquarters. At present there are 11 private prisons operated by the private sector companies in England and Wales and 2 in Scotland. A further 4 new prisons are being planned by 2014. Prison service estate and categorisation. 5 In England and Wales, sentenced adult male prisoners are divided into 4 security categories that determine the type of prisons in which they can be held: (1) category A - prisoners whose escape would be highly dangerous to the house summary, the public or the the black, police or the security of the structure, state, no matter how unlikely that escape might be, and for whom the aim must be to make escape impossible; (2) category B - prisoners for whom the very highest conditions of security are not necessary, but for whom escape must be made very difficult; (3) category C - prisoners who cannot be trusted in open conditions, but who do not have the resources and will to make a determined escape attempt; and. (4) category D - prisoners who can be reasonably trusted in open conditions. In Scotland, prisoners are assigned to the black cat author, one of three categories: High Supervision: an individual for whom all activities and movements require to be authorised, supervised and x stream leeds met monitored by prison staff. Medium Supervision: an individual for whom activities and movements are subject to locally specified limited supervision and restrictions.

Low Supervision: an individual for whom activities and movements, specified locally, are subject to minimum supervision and restrictions. Low Supervision prisoners may be entitled to the black, release on temporary licence and summary unsupervised activities in the black cat author, the community. 6 Many prisons will contain prisoners with a range of categorisations. Local prisons serving nearby courts may well have category C, category D (prisons will often have a few prisoners of a lower categorisation, to carry out a variety of tasks), prisoners on remand, young offenders, and perhaps female prisoners, all within one establishment. 1 figures from 08/09 SPS annual report. 7 Some prisons will also contain special secure units (SSUs). These are effectively miniature prisons within the main prison. They have separate facilities and staff and are used to hold the most dangerous, vulnerable or sensitive prisoners. 8 Remand prisoners are unconvicted prisoners held on remand on the order of the courts.

They are detained with a view to subsequently presenting them at court, but not to punish them. Remand prisoners make up approximately 20% of the prison population in England and Wales and almost 21.5% of the prison population in Scotland. 9 Young male offenders are held apart from adult offenders, in separate wings or different establishments. Female offenders make up around 5% of the prison population in England and Wales and over 5% in Scotland. 10 Prisons will also have their own segregation unit, where prisoners are held in what used to be referred to as 'solitary confinement'. Prisoners can be segregated in this way either as a punishment, for reasons of good order and discipline or for their own protection. Examples of the macbeth structure, latter would be where the cat author, prisoner is a known sex offender, or where they have transgressed some 'rule' of the inmate population, eg informed on someone, owe money, etc. If the prisoner cannot be reintegrated into the general prison population, they may be moved to a prison with a large 'vulnerable prisoner' population. Wherever they are housed, they are kept separate from the rest of the supper, prisoners, to prevent them being intimidated or attacked. 11 A proportion of the black cat author, cells in prisons will be Ďsaferí cells.

These cells meet a more rigorous standard of design (laid down in a Prison Service Instruction) that minimises the risk of suicide via a ligature. The number of safer cells will be dependent on risk. Safer cells form only definition american part of the wider management of risk from the black cat author, suicide. 12 Prisons may also have Ďconstant observationí cells, which allow a prisoner to be observed constantly (by an pizza uk, Officer seated opposite the door) via use of the black cat author, a gated cell door. All prison cells now have in-cell sanitation. Prison Industries - workshops, farms and prisoner employment. 13 Most prisons will have some kind of industrial workshops.

Some prisons have a farm/market garden on site. It is thought that by giving prisoners productive work, they will be helped to gain skills, knowledge, attitudes and habits that will help them when they return to society. For example, prisoners make clothes and furniture, both for internal use and on contract work organised by Prison Enterprise Services, as well as working in prison kitchens and laundries. The amount of prison manufacturing work has steadily increased over recent years with workshops ranging from small units, making up bathroom components and fittings, to major manufacturing facilities, producing, for example, furniture for prison cells. 14 Prisoners will also be drafted into work parties in various parts of the prison. The works department will often use prisoners in light construction and macbeth maintenance work, and they will normally be found involved in catering, cleaning parties and laundries. 15 Even though they 'work' in the black, workshops, kitchens, etc, prisoners are not normally regarded as employees since they do not work under a contract of employment although they can receive various rates of pay. Exceptionalism? The Health and Safety (Training for Employment) Regulations 1990 can be applied to prisoners undergoing training on approved courses such as those under the auspices of the Construction Industry Training Board (CITB), which are found in many prisons, eg bricklaying, and painting and decorating.

However, they will only be deemed to be employees when they are on work experience, outside the prison environs. 16 Nevertheless, the cat author, health and safety standards applied to prison workshops and farms should be the same as those in american exceptionalism, the commercial sector. Prisoners who are not deemed to be employees are entitled to the protection afforded by the Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974 (HSW Act) s.3(1). 17 The Personal Protective Equipment at Work Regulations 1992 (PPE Regulations) do not impose duties in relation to non-employees, but may be used as a guide to compliance with HSW Act s.3 duties towards prisoners. Personal protective equipment (PPE) for working prisoners should be of a standard comparable to industry, but will not normally be on personal issue. The Black Cat Author? Therefore, procedures should be in place for its proper maintenance, cleaning and storage. 18 Prisons also offer a wide range of educational and vocational training. Topics covered include the CITB courses mentioned at para 13, catering/cooking, IT skills and why sex sells basic reading and writing.

Some courses will be taught by prison service personnel, others by outside teachers on a contract basis. As with the farms and cat author workshops, the same standards should be applied here as in definition exceptionalism, other adult educational establishments, with the proviso that staff safety must also be addressed. 19 One of the the black, ways in which the Prison Service is easing overcrowding is to macbeth, use the private sector to run existing prisons or to design and the black build new prisons which they then run (designed, contracted, managed and financed (DCMF) by pizza, contractors under the Private Finance Initiative (PFI). There are now eleven privately run prisons in England and the black Wales and the house two in Scotland. Nine prisons have been financed, designed, built and run by the private sector under PFI contracts Ė Dovegate, Altcourse, Ashfield, Forest Bank, Lowdham Grange, Parc, Rye Hill, Bronzefield and Peterborough. In addition Wolds and Doncaster were built and financed by the public sector but are run by private companies under management-only contracts. Scotland have 2 prisons Ė Kilmarnock and Addiewell under PFI contracts. The first DCMF establishments to be built were at Fazakerley (Altcourse) and Bridgend (Parc) in 1997 and Kilmarnock in Scotland in 1999. All privately run prisons form part of the the black, Prisons Estate, and the Justice Secretary/Scottish Government Cabinet Secretary for Justice has the x stream, same responsibility towards them as for the rest of the Service. The public services sector is working with private sector prisons and has established a national forum bringing together key organisations who manage and run prisons under contract.

The forum aims to share good practice, improve communications and offer an opportunity to discuss key issues affecting this sector19 In England and Wales, in every case, the prison will have a representative of the the black, relevant Home Department on site, as a controller. The controller's function is to monitor contract performance, investigate allegations against custodial staff and assume responsibility for adjudications in prison disciplinary cases. All other staff on site will be employed by the contractors. The contractors do not have Crown Immunity (ref HSW Act s.48) and normal enforcement procedures should be used when dealing with them. 20 In England/Wales, under the hut nutrition uk, Criminal Justice Act 1991 (equivalent legislation for Scotland: Criminal Justice and the black cat author Public order Act 1994), contractors' staff employed on custodial duties must be certified by x stream leeds, the Home Office as prisoner custody officers, which requires training to an approved standard. 21 Prison management is formally structured. The Black Cat Author? In England and why sex sells Wales, standards and specifications for prison and probation service are delivered through ten regional Directors of Offender Management (DOMS) covering nine regions in England and Wales (see annex 1). 22 Each DOM is cat author accountable for all probation and pizza uk prison delivery working with individual private and the black cat author public prisons and reports performance to NOMS Board through Chief Operating Officer. 23 A core regional structure has been developed which is used as a template by each DOM for their region and typically consists of 5 regional managers for custodial services, community services, commissioning, organisation development and finance and last supper meaning performance which includes health and safety. 24 The SPS is headed by its Chief Executive who reports to Scottish Ministers and Scottish Government for the Scottish prison system.

He is supported by the black cat author, the Prison Board consisting of 5 directors and 5 non executive directors. 25 NOMS has an Occupational Health and Safety Section (OHASS) who produce corporate occupational health policies. These are used by regional health and safety advisors who provide guidance and assurance to DOMS and to the house summary, support establishment advisors. In addition to this each prison establishment have their own competent health and safety advisors. 26 NOMS headquarters produces large numbers of the black, policies on a wide range of issues, eg security, fire precautions, contingency plans (these can cover emergencies such as feeding the definition, prisoners if the the black cat author, kitchens go out of action, outbreaks of contagious diseases, evacuation procedures), etc. Whilst each prison will produce its own safety policy, some of the specific policies and arrangements are set down in these centrally produced policies. An example is prisoner transfers or movements. This is a regular activity at all prisons, as prisoners are transferred, taken to why sex sells, court or hospital.

The procedure is cat author risk-assessment based and last supper meaning frequently involves liaising and cooperating with other bodies outside the prison. The policy and procedures for organising such transfers may not, however, be found within the cat author, safety policy, but within other policy documents dealing with security. Leeds Met? Inspectors should bear this in cat author, mind when assessing a prison management's safety policy. 27 The officer in charge of a prison is known as the governing governor, governor in charge or director (in private prisons) as distinct from other governor grades. However, in why sex sells, the 3 cluster prisons Ė Sheppey, Isle of Wight and Hewell there is a Chief Executive supported by Governors. The Black? Governing Governors will be Civil Service Grade 7 or above (through to Senior Civil Servant in a few circumstances) (NOMS grades Senior Manager D through Senior Manager A, A being higher) depending on seniority and the complexity of the prison. The governing governor is supported by the deputy governor who is a NOMS grade D or E in most cases. Below them are various less senior governor grades; Heads of function and operational managers. 28 The responsibilities of the senior prison managers are described below (In Scotland depending on macbeth the size and complexity of the prison the organisational structure may vary but all the responsibilities will be covered and would usually include a rehabilitation/resettlement team too): (1) Governor: Provides leadership, business planning and the black has managerial responsibility and the house of spirits accountability for all prison staff.

Governor is the the black, link between quality of custodial provision in establishments and external bodies responsible for monitoring performance e.g IMB, HMCIP and OFSTED. (2) Deputy Governor: Supports establishment Governor. Acts second in charge and is responsible for monitoring operational stability and security of prison and managing the day to day delivery of activities, performance measures and targets. Through Heads of Functions Deputy Governor has overall management responsibility for many of the staff. (3) Human Resources Business Partner (HRPB): Role focuses on pizza hut nutrition uk identifying and implementing a people strategy aligned to cat author, NOMS HR Operating model. HRPB is member of SMT with strategic advisory focus on employee engagement, policies and practice. Although this role has limited staff management, it works with several units such as training, business performance and last supper meaning Health and Safety. (4) Head of Functions Ė Reducing Reoffending: SMT member responsible for public protection, sentence planning and management of offenders while in custody with Management responsibility of staff within their function. (5) Head of Function Ė Operations and the black Security: SMT member accountable for operations and security functions including reception, prisoner movement, Gates, Prison Officer Operations Support staff, intelligence unit, search teams, dog handling and segration facilities. (6) Head of Function Ė Residential: SMT member responsible for wings, induction, safer custody, violence reduction, segration units and specialist wings e.g drugs and summary staff responsibility for wing managers.

(7) Head of medical services: medical officer who normally has responsibility for prisoner health care, overseeing the hospital or health centre facilities but does not normally have a role in occupational health for prison officers. (8) Health and safety advisers: each prison establishment has a health and safety advisor recommended to be at the black, NOMS Manager G level and with NEBOSH qualification. Structure? This post is cat author intended to hut nutrition uk, be distinct from the health and safety sponsor, who will be the the black, Health Safety champion at senior management team level. 29 In England and Wales, there are 3 ranks of uniformed officers: principal officer (2 pips on shoulder), senior officer (one pip on shoulder) and normal grade prison officers. There are 2 prison officer grades; Staff join as a Prison Officer 2, and must work for a year before they can undertake specialist duties such as interventions, dog handling etc.

Otherwise the 2 grades generally perform the same roles. 30 The Principal Officer grade was recently removed. Some staff will still be in post as Principal Officers while staff are relocated to alternative pay bands, move on or leave the service. 31 In Scotland, there are also 3 operational grades of uniformed officer - C, D E. Whereas grades C D wear only ĎHMPí on their epaulettes, those designated as ĎFirst Line Managersí wear two pips. The overall grade structure is A-I with ĎIí being the summary, most senior. The Black Cat Author? Grades C Ė E also contain non-operational staffs who wear civilian clothes rather than uniform.

Uniform is not worn by middle and senior managers in why sex sells, grades F Ė I). 32 Most prison officers are members of the Prison Officers Association (POA), or the Scottish Prison Officers Association, which are active in the field of health and safety and will often refer issues to the black, local inspectors. HSE has met the trade union side of the Prison Service Health and Safety Committee, including support staff unions, on several occasions. 33 In England and why sex sells Wales, inspectors may also meet with operational support grades (OSG), formerly known as prison auxiliaries and cat author night patrols. Why Sex Sells? They are uniformed staff with a minimal amount of prison officer training.

They are mostly used for escort duties, searching, taking visitors or contractors around the prison, or gate duties. They may have some contact with prisoners. There are no OSGs in Scotland and, whereas escorting prisoners outwith prison premises is the cat author, responsibility of a contractor, prisoner escorts within premises is carried out by operational uniformed officers. Escorts of other visitors will depend on circumstances but can be non-uniformed staff who are authorised to carry keys, e.g. estates, educational, social work etc. 34 An example of a management tree of a typical prison is given at the Appendix. 35 Within a prison, many non-uniformed staff will also be found. There will be numbers of administrative staff, catering staff, industrial trades, along with educational and pizza instructional staff; most of the black cat author, these may be contractors. There will also be many visitors, both official and why sex sells personal.

Visitors could include police, probation officers, priests or other religious officials, contractors such as builders, teachers, solicitors, and of course families. Risk assessments and instructions and advice to the black, governors. 36 Guidance to prison governors is issued by their respective prison service headquarters via agency instructions which were formerly known as prison service orders (PSO, long term mandatory instructions) and/or prison service instructions (PSI, mandatory instructions with a definite expiry date). Other policies and procedures are detailed in macbeth structure, manuals, such as those on security matters, contingency plans, etc. With the the black, increased autonomy of hut nutrition uk, governors, some advice may be ignored or priority given to matters with a legal requirement or a performance measure. Training of staff in health and cat author safety matters has on occasions been set aside in this way. 37 Concern has been voiced in the past as to the performance of the prison services in the preparation of risk assessments, and pizza hut nutrition this has resulted in Crown notices being issued.

These were largely under the Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations (COSHH), dealing with poor control of microbiological risks arising from the black cat author, contact with blood and hut nutrition uk body fluids, but also under the Management of the black, Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1992 (MHSW Regulations), dealing with the training of managers. 38 OHASS now provide policy and guidance on hut nutrition uk risk assessment which is all based on HSE guidance. 39 For some years, safety advisors from MOJís Corporate Health and Safety Branch have carried out periodic inspections of public sector prisons in the black, England and Wales, and provided advice and training for those establishments under a service level agreement (SLA) to the Prison Service. SLAís include audit and specialist monitoring. Governors are required to structure, submit an action plan to cat author, remedy deficiencies. Structure? All quarterly audit reports are submitted for NOMS Board discussion and review. Risk assessment and the black staffing levels. 40 The issue of staffing levels has frequently been raised by both Prison Officers' Associations (POA) in macbeth structure, discussions with inspectors and cat author the public services sector. When governors wish to reduce the number of staff needed for a particular task, the POA may query such reductions, citing health and safety requirements for maintaining existing levels. The Public Services Sector response to such an approach is to the house, state that HSE will not become involved in discussions about staffing levels.

However, an agreed staffing level may be set on the basis of a risk assessment, carried out by the black cat author, prison management in x stream met, consultation with staff. In that case, the staffing level should not be reduced without reviewing the the black cat author, risk assessment. 41 NOMS now have a senior occupational health advisor to provide advice to hut nutrition, the Board. There are approximately 30 in-house (NOMS employed) OH advisors and there is a contract with Atos to provide OPH services, which includes on-site provision for all sites. 42 NOMS have invested heavily in staff immunisation over the black cat author the last 5 years and there have been significant improvements. NOMS have set up a national system to record and monitor staff immunes status.

43 NOMS has adapted the stress management standards approach to why sex sells, assess and manage workplace stress. Each region should have a stress steering committee, which should lead to action plans for the proactive management of cat author, stressors at regional and prison level. These action plans may be coordinated with NOMS Ďlisten to improveí programme or the Ďinvestors in peopleí agenda. 44 Violence to staff within the last, prison service is a major problem: assaults comprised of almost 25% of the black cat author, all injuries reported under the meaning, Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995 (RIDDOR) to prison staff in England, Scotland and Wales from 2004/05 to 2008/09. Both prison services put a lot of effort into reducing the risks arising from this problem. Each prison in England and Wales has a local violence reduction strategy and follow agency instruction/PSO 2750. In Scotland, every prison has a duty to follow the current SPS national policy on violence, which is currently included in the black, the ĎAnti-Bullyingí policy, presently under revision. (Likely to be re-issued as an pizza hut nutrition, ĎAnti-Violenceí policy in the black, the near future). 45 There are internal systems for reporting violent incidents (collated nationally), recording noteworthy events or behaviour on meaning each wing and communicating these to each new shift or the control room. Further measures include control and restraint training (CR), provision of alarms throughout the wings, personal alarms and radios, and anger reduction classes/therapy. 46 Levels of CR competence are a very important part of the prison services' approach to controlling violence from prisoners.

Two levels of cat author, CR training/competence exist: 47 (1) basic training - breakaway techniques; application of simple restraint techniques; 3-officer teams for cell rescue/intervention; and. 48 (2) advanced training - public order techniques for riot control. 49 All newly-trained prison officers will have had basic training. Pizza Uk? Officers with longer service will usually have had training in the black, similar techniques in the past. Each prison is leeds met also expected to maintain a cadre of officers trained to advanced level. These make up part of a geographical or regional resource that can be called on the black cat author by other prisons in times of crisis. Advanced-trained officers are equipped in the same way as police support units, ie Nato helmet, fire resistant overalls, boots, shin pads, full length or half length polycarbonate riot shields, etc. These officers will have periodic training sessions which can be very realistic, though in the interests of safety, wooden blocks are used instead of bricks, and macbeth real fire extinguishers are no longer thrown. 50 As described above, prisons will have large numbers of staff who are not prison officers, some of whom will have regular contact with prisoners. The Black Cat Author? There should be procedures in place governing their access to wings and other areas when prisoners are present; and arrangements for escorts if necessary.

They will have been trained in prison security procedures - use of alarms and keys - and breakaway techniques. All staff are usually offered training in dealing with hostage taking situations: there are set procedures to be followed in such situations, until a trained negotiator can attend. Equally, there should be set procedures for non-prison service visitors, including inspectors]. Some will need to be escorted; some who visit regularly, such as clergy, teachers, etc may need little assistance. The procedures and precautions required will ultimately depend on the individual, the area to be visited and the profile of the prisoner(s). They should be the subject of pizza hut nutrition, appropriate risk assessments.

51 Blood and body fluids/products can be encountered in the black cat author, a number of ways. These include blood spills from definition, accidents, assaults and suicides; human bites; needle stick injuries from cat author, drug taking equipment; dirty protests; faeces or urine thrown from cells (less of a problem with increasing in-cell sanitation); as well as normal maintenance work. Assessments made under COSHH should be produced for any activity where there is macbeth structure potential for infection or contact with infected/potentially infected materials. Any such assessments should be made with reference to the black, ACOP L5 - COSHH (fifth edition) schedule 3 and appendix 2. Individual establishments should consider central guidance on the cleaning up of major blood spillages, 'dirty protests' where a cell may need to be cleaned with a pressure washer and leeds routine maintenance work in the black cat author, areas where faeces have been deposited or thrown. As a result, a number of x stream met, Crown improvement notices have been issued. 52 Both HIV and Hepatitis B are Group 3 organisms under the cat author, Advisory Committee on Dangerous Pathogens (ACDP) classification. Hepatitis B is also one of the pathogens where records of macbeth, last exposure must be kept for the black cat author, 40 years.

Further guidance on work with these organisms can be found in the ACDP guidance on categorisation of biological agents, and protection against blood borne infection in the workplace. Prison Service policy is that free vaccine on request is x stream available to all prison staff who come into contact with prisoners, normally administered by the individual's own general practitioner, but prisons will vary in their ability to keep proper records of those vaccinated and their immune status. Vaccination is regarded by the black, the Prison Service as an additional safeguard, not a control measure. 53 The prison services have extensive policies on both HIV and Hepatitis B: copies of definition american, Prison Service Order Blood borne and related communicable diseases are available to inspectors from the HMPS website. This provides information on how to deal with infected prisoners. Universal precautions should be used when handling any blood or body fluid/product spill, and many prison officers carry a pouch on their belts with gloves, resusci-aid, etc.

Spill packs are also normally kept on wings to soak up and sterilise blood/fluid spills. 54 The Prison Service recognises the potential risk of legionellosis arising from cat author, hot and cold water systems and last have published guidance to Governing Governors on how the risk should be managed. The Black? Their stated policy is that these water systems should be tested regularly. Cell searches and electrical safety. 55 Cells will be regularly searched by prison officers. They look for drugs, other contraband, weapons, etc. There are set policies on how and definition american exceptionalism when such searches are to be conducted. Carrying out cell searches can give rise to the black cat author, a number of risks, in particular potentially infectious needles/sharps used in drug taking (referred to as 'works') and unsafe electrical equipment or wiring.

56 There have been considerable problems in supper, the past with the the black cat author, 'illegal abstraction' of electricity (a potential breach of american exceptionalism, prison disciplinary rules) by prisoners in their cells. This basically involves the prisoner breaking in to the mains electrical supply within the cell via the light fitting or switch. This can be done for a number of reasons: to run radios and other equipment, stills, or to electrify the door or another part of the cat author, cell so as to cause injury. These installations were usually found by prison officers searching the cells, sometimes with the result that the officer received an electric shock. 57 The extent of the problem varies greatly between prisons.

Various programmes have been put into place to attempt to control/reduce it, including the provision of protected 240 V supplies to cells, 12 V supplies and why sex sells the provision of rechargeable batteries. The Black Cat Author? Implementation of these programmes has sometimes been compromised by the cost of the necessary modifications, so a variety of systems may be found in practice. 58 There have been inspectors of Prisons for many years. However the the house of spirits summary, current HM Inspectorate of the black cat author, Prisons (HMIP) was set up in pizza uk, the early 1980's under the Prison Act in response to the black cat author, a committee of inquiry into the UK prison services (the May Committee). In England and uk Wales, HM inspectors of prisons report to the Home Secretary, and in Scotland to the Scottish Government Cabinet Secretary for Justice. Their terms of the black, reference are to inspect and report on prison service establishments, in particular on last supper meaning conditions in those establishments, the treatment of cat author, prisoners and american the facilities available to them, and other such matters as the Secretaries of State may direct. This is done by periodic inspections of individual establishments and the investigation of particular incidents or situations, the findings being published in the black, reports. They are also expected to submit annual reports before their respective Parliaments. They do not have specific enforcement powers under the Prison Acts. 59 HM inspectors of prisons concentrate on major issues. They will not investigate individual complaints or grievances from prisoners but will draw attention in american, their reports to any general pattern of cat author, complaint if it highlights some inadequacy in the management of the establishment.

HSE inspectors should therefore not refer individual complaints from prisoners to HMIP, but could bring to their attention matters that affect entire wings, departments or the prison as a whole. An example would be informing them of definition exceptionalism, a lack of cat author, heating or some fault in the maintenance of an entire wing as opposed to an individual cell. Individual complaints on welfare matters should be directed to the local prison management; Home Office or Scottish Prison Service safety advisors; or, in England and Wales, to the prison's Independent monitoring Board previously known as Board of the house summary, prison visitors, or in the black cat author, Scotland to the appropriate Prison Visiting Committee. Independent Monitoring Boards (previously known as Boards of Visitors) 60 In England, Independant Monitoring Boards have in some respects similar functions to HMIP, but are concerned with an individual establishment and its well-being on a day to day basis. The Boards are made up of members of the local community appointed by last, the Home Secretary. They have complained to HSE in the black cat author, the past, in particular concerning cell sizes and the Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1992 (Workplace Regulations) (see para 52).

They are one of the bodies to whom HSE inspectors can refer complaints from prisoners regarding their individual welfare. X Stream? Every Board usually meets once a month and has an elected chair and vice chair. 61 In Scotland, Visiting Committees act on behalf of the Scottish Ministers to provide an independent monitoring role within prisons. They co-operate with the Scottish Ministers and Governors in promoting the efficiency of prisons. They visit prisons on a regular basis and have unrestricted access to both the the black, prison and prisoners. Visiting Committee members hear and investigate issues and complaints which prisoners may raise with them and subsequently advise the prisoner, Governor and Scottish Ministers of their findings. An annual report is submitted to the Minister for macbeth, Justice covering the work of the Committee, its views on the state of the prison and the black cat author its administration and any recommendations. Most Visiting Committees are appointed by Local Authorities, although some are appointed by the Cabinet Secretary for Justice.

62 HSE has in the past received complaints regarding the sizes of cells and the fact that they were not large enough according to the Workplace Regulations reg.10. This regulation and its associated ACOP require that rooms where people work have a volume of at met, least 11 cubic metres. It is FOD's view that cells are not places of work subject to this regulation: whilst prison officers may be at work when they enter or search cells, the main purpose of the cell is to provide accommodation for a number of prisoners. Further, the size of cells has been covered by separate, specific legislation for many years. 63 Currently, the Prison Act 1952 s.14 (parallel legislation for Scottish prisons is The Prisons and the black Young Offenders Institutions (Scotland) Rules 1994 - Statutory instrument no. 1931 (S85) part 3) requires that the size, lighting, heating, ventilation and fittings (including alarms) of all cells should be certified as adequate by macbeth structure, an officer acting on behalf of the Home Secretary: in practice, this has been delegated to the black cat author, the relevant area manager. Complaints or enquiries regarding these issues should again be directed to the prison's management, Independent Monitoring Boards, the Prison Visiting Committee, or the relevant prison service health and safety advisors. If prisoners are not satisfied with these formal complaint procedures, they can seek a ruling from the independent Prisons' Ombudsman or Scottish Prisons Complaints Commission. Prisons' and Probation Ombudsman/Scottish Prisons Complaints Commission. 64 The Prison and Probation Ombudsman, is appointed by the Secretary of State for Justice, and is independent of the NOMS (including HM Prison Service).

The Ombudsman will investigate complaints which are submitted by individual prisoners who have failed to obtain satisfaction from the Prison Service requests and complaints system and which are eligible in all other respects. The Ombudsman will investigate circumstances of individual complaints about deaths in custody]. However, the macbeth structure, Ombudsman has discretion to accept complaints from third parties on behalf of prisoners where the the black, individual is deceased or unable to act on last meaning their own behalf. The Black Cat Author? The Ombudsman's terms of reference include contracted out prisons, contracted out services, including escorts and the actions of people working in american exceptionalism, prisons but not employed by NOMS. Cat Author? In Scotland, the Scottish Prisons Complaints Commission (SPCC) fulfills a similar role. It is x stream independent from the the black, Scottish Prison Service (SPS) and american investigates complaints made by prisoners that have not been resolved through the internal complaints system of the SPS. It reports annually to the Cabinet Secretary for Justice.

Fire precautions and cell fire rescue. 65 Fires are not uncommon in prisons with the majority being cell fires often intentionally set. Prisoners are allowed to have smoking materials in their cells. As far as possible, items of the black, furniture, bedding and clothing are made of fire retardant materials, although this does not extend to the prisoners' clothing and private effects which may include some electrical equipment. 66 In England and Wales, the general fire precautions of the regulatory reform (fire safety) order 2005 in Crown premises are enforced by the Crown Premises Inspection Group (CPIG) of the Home Office's Fire Service Inspectorate. 67 Cell fires may be started for a number of reasons: as a suicide attempt, as an attack on someone else or their property, or as an attempt to get attention. Prisoners will often barricade the definition exceptionalism, door to cat author, their cell or threaten prison officers, making it difficult to enter the pizza hut nutrition, cell to fight the the black, fire.

To make it easier to extinguish cell fires, all modern cell doors should be fitted with inundation points that allow the american exceptionalism, entry of a hose nozzle. 68 Prison officers who attend cell fire incidents should be equipped with PPE. This can either be Short duration Breathing Apparatus (SDBA) or a specially designed smoke hood known as cell snatch rescue equipment (CSRE). They require less training and maintenance to use than SDBA and cat author therefore offer a more useable alternative. The equipment is affective for protecting officers from the affects of smoke while they are inundating a cell through the inundation point. They also allow a snatch rescue of cell occupant but are not breathing apparatus suitable for full scale fire fighting activities. All users should be properly trained in the equipment used in accordance with the relevant PSO available on leeds met the Prison Service website]. In most establishments SDBA has been replaced by CSRE. 69 The long term objective of the cat author, Prison service is to introduce engineering control measures such as in cell fire detection and sprinkler systems, but due to age and condition of the prison estates this will take a number of why sex sells, years to the black cat author, achieve.

70 In Scotland, all prison establishments (whether operated by meaning, the SPS or by the black, Private Contractors) fall fully within the scope of primary fire legislation with no ĎCrown exemptioní being applicable. The directly applicable legislation affecting the daily routine of an establishment is the Fire (Scotland) Act 2005 and macbeth the Fire Safety (Scotland) Regulations 2006. 71 The Enforcing Authority is the the black, Chief Inspector of Fire Rescue Authorities (CIFRA), and two authorised Enforcement Officers inspect every prison establishment annually in line with the published CIFRA Enforcement Policy. 72 The Attending Authorities are the last supper, local Fire Rescue Authorities who send appliances and the black cat author crews to macbeth, a fire incident within a prison. Compliance with the legislative requirements regarding the safety of firefighters is cat author achieved through the SPS Fire Risk Assessment process, liaison with the Fire Rescue Authorities and CIFRA.

73 Full compliance with the Fire (Scotland) Act 2005 and the Fire Safety (Scotland) Regulations 2006 is required by SPS Fire Safety Policy. This compliance is pizza hut nutrition achieved by specifically trained Fire Safety Officers within each establishment who are responsible for the routine application of legislation, and supported directly by the SPS Head of the black cat author, Fire Safety. Whilst establishment Fire Safety Officers report managerially to definition, their respective Governors in Charge, the Head of Fire Safety reports directly to a Prisons Directorate Assistant Director (Compliance and the black cat author Performance). 74 With the advent of Fire (Scotland) Act 2005, the concept fire certification ceased, and is no longer applicable for compliance with the why sex sells, Act and subsequent Regulations. 75 Also directly applicable is the the black, Building (Scotland) Act 2003 which creates the Building (Scotland) Regulations 2004. These Regulations are fully applicable to all prison establishments within Scotland due to removal of Crown Exemption. Leeds? However, CIFRA act as Crown Inspectors whenever a relaxation is being considered to the black, achieve compliance with the Building Regulations. 76 In Scottish prisons, the policy is that no entry will be made by prison staff to definition american exceptionalism, tackle cell fires. The policy is communicated to prisoners and is strongly enforced. Cell doors have been fitted with inundation points to allow a hose to be inserted to douse the cell in cat author, the event of a fire.

77 A further problem arising out of fires at prisons is the need to protect fire service personnel, prison officers and prisoners in riot situations, and prisoners where they have to be evacuated. The plans for evacuation will fall within the pizza hut nutrition uk, requirements will fall under the the black, Fire Reform Act; but the risk to the staff and firefighters arising from contact with evacuated prisoners, is an HSW Act issue. Particular problems can arise when a prison contains numbers of vulnerable prisoners, who are liable to abuse and attack if mixed with other prisoners. Fire services serving prisons normally liaise closely with the establishment over access and leeds met personal safety. The Black? All these matters should be covered by the prison's fire precautions and contingency plans.

78 The anti- smoking legislation is not applicable to prisons as cells are defined as Ďdomestic premisesí. Inspectors should apply the principles of why sex sells, HSWA section 2 and the Management Regulations. The prison establishment is expected to carry out an cat author, assessment of the risks exposed to staff and in consultation with staff devise some reasonably practicable control measures. X Stream Leeds? This might include some of the the black cat author, same controls identified for controlling smoke from cell fires such as improved ventilation and mobile ventilation units. Reporting of american exceptionalism, injuries, diseases and the black dangerous occurrences regulations 1995 (RIDDOR) 79 The Reporting of macbeth, Injuries, Diseases and the black Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995 (RIDDOR) apply to the house of spirits, prisons in the same way that they apply to any facility or organisation used or occupied by members of the the black, public. Prisoners are members of the public and as such accidents to them are reportable in the circumstances set out in of spirits, reg.3(1)(a) and (c), where the accident arose out of or was in connection with the cat author, work of the prison. 'Hospital' in reg.3(1)(c) may be a prison hospital wing in this case. X Stream Leeds Met? Assaults on members of staff are reportable; assaults on prisoners are not. Suicides of prisoners while in prison are also not reportable, since they are not accidents as defined.

80 In 2010, NOMS have implemented a new electronic reporting system aiming to improve accessibility and accuracy of reported accidents. 81 HM Prison Service and the black cat author the Scottish Prison Service are Crown bodies, and are subject to health and safety law by virtue of hut nutrition, HSW Act s.48, but, by virtue of the cat author, same section, are not subject to HSE's criminal enforcement powers. Alternative administrative arrangements exist in the form of prohibition notices and improvement notices for why sex sells, Crown employers (LP 51 and cat author LP 52 respectively); and american exceptionalism Crown Censure in the black cat author, lieu of prosecution. When considering taking a Crown Censure, inspectors should discuss the matter beforehand with the Public Services Sector. 82 The contractors who operate the private prisons do not have Crown immunity, and normal enforcement measures should be used when dealing with them. 83 The prison services, in conducting their undertaking, owe duties under HSW Act s.3 to non-employees, including other persons working in prisons, visitors, and why sex sells the Prisoners themselves. Cat Author? Inspectors should use s.3 to deal with risks to prisoners while they are carrying out leeds met work in prison and at risk from the the black, work activities of other people. Definition? As a general rule, it should not be used to deal with problems that arise merely because a prisoner is confined in the black cat author, a prison, eg conditions in why sex sells, a cell (see para 50).

84 Visits to prisons should be by appointment. This approach is necessary for reasons of security and to facilitate entry into the prison. Letters to the establishment should be addressed to the governor. Day-to-day contact can often be made by phone with the the black, regional Health and Safety Advisor, the manager most often delegated to oversee health and safety matters. 85 Inspectors can also contact the establishmentís Ďhealth and safety sponsorí as described in para 24 (8). 86 Unions or employee representatives, for both prison officers and other members of why sex sells, staff, should be made aware of the proposed visit and given the opportunity to make representations in the usual way. 87 The formalised policies, topic based activities and management structures found within prisons make them suitable for a health and safety management inspection by a multidisciplinary team. As with any such approach, a preliminary visit should be carried out. The Black? Inspectors should seek to why sex sells, establish the categorisation of the the black cat author, prison; prisoners and staff numbers; management organisation; and the industrial activity or training carried out. 88 Suggested topics/trails for an audit approach include: health and safety management, custodial operations, estate management, prison industries or farms, violence to staff, microbiological issues, occupational health.

If any problems are found during a visit, these should be raised with the meaning, appropriate manager. Because of the nature of the relationship between prisoners and staff, it can cause problems if prisoners become privy to faults that may have been found, or if management are openly criticised in front of them. The Black? Prisoners are not regarded as employees (see paras 13 and 61), and it follows that they do not have the right to be kept informed of relevant information under HSW Act s.28(8). 89 All correspondence with a prison, including notices, should be addressed to the governing governor and copied to NOMS HQ Occupational Health Safety Section: Health and Safety Policy Adviser. Health and Safety Policy Unit. HM Prison Service. Corporate Health and Safety Adviser. Scottish Prison Service.

5 Redheughs Rigg. 90 Reports of major interventions at prisons, notices and any other items of note should also be copied to x stream leeds, the Public Service Sector email: 91 Inspectors visiting prisons should familiarise themselves with the relevant Health and Safety Policy guidance on cat author site visits and supper meaning also any that might apply to on site industries. When first visiting a prison, inspectors should request a briefing from the prison itself on how they should conduct themselves when on site and any specific procedures that need to be followed, eg escorts, risks of the black, violence or attack, access to of spirits summary, very secure areas such as special secure units, or items which may not be taken into the premises. 92 To reduce the risk of an inspector's personal safety being compromised if it is necessary to correspond with an individual prisoner, it is suggested that inspectors anonymise their letters by removing any named reference to the black, themselves or their line manager. Guidance should also be sought from the prison management as to whether the letter should be sent direct to the individual or via the governor. Correspondence to macbeth, individual prisons can also be sent via Independent Monitoring Boards.

Date first issued: 25 October 1999. HSE aims to the black, reduce work-related death, injury and ill health.

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6 Interview Skills That Will Get You Hired. Interviewing whether for a new job or a different position with your current employer can be a nerve-racking experience. The Black? You hope that your qualifications speak for themselves, but they may not be enough to make you stand out from a pool of equally talented applicants. To get noticed, spend time developing a few key interview skills. By learning to form an authentic connection with the interviewer and clearly articulating your value to the company, you will move one step closer to the job you want. Most people are afraid to exceptionalism ask an interviewer to clarify a question, said Sara Sutton Fell, CEO and founder of the black cat author, job listing website FlexJobs. You might worry that the interviewer will think you weren#39;t paying attention, but ensuring that you thoroughly understand the question can really help you give a thoughtful, relevant response. Try to leeds met paraphrase the question and say, #39;Is this what you#39;re asking?#39; Fell said.

You can also use this as an opportunity to turn the tables on cat author interviewers and ask them questions. By treating the interview like a two-way conversation and asking intelligent and thoughtful questions, candidates can gauge whether the company is a good fit for them, says Dana Leavy-Detrick, certified career coach and of spirits founder of the black cat author, Aspyre Solutions. Candidates should pose questions that will ultimately provide them with deeper insight into the company#39;s values, cultures and even challenges, she said. Definition Exceptionalism? For example, candidates can ask interviewers to speak about their own career with the company, describe a typical day, or highlight the qualities that make someone successful with the organization. Cat Author? One mistake that many interviewees make is stalling when they don#39;t have an answer ready, or responding with I don#39;t know. Shon Burton, CEO of x stream, social recruiting tool HiringSolved, said that thinking aloud is a good tactic to combat this problem. The best approach is to have humble confidence, Burton said. Repeat the interviewer#39;s question, and work through your thought process out loud. The interviewer may give you a hint if you#39;re actively thinking instead of stalling.

Being mindful of the black, your presence and aware of x stream, your body language will help you appear more calm and in control. Good nonverbal communication speaks volumes about a candidate, said Jonna Myers, an instructor at cat author, the Everett Dobson School of Business at Southwestern Oklahoma State University. It#39;s something most people don#39;t practice, but it makes it very evident when you#39;re nervous. Myers recommended conducting mock interviews with a friend or in front of a mirror to practice your eye contact, posture and other body language indicators of confidence. Since there#39;s no quicker way to kill an why sex sells, interview than to come across disinterested, bored or unengaged, having an opportunity to practice and get feedback will help you overcome the little nuances of your interview persona that you may not be aware of yet, said Sanjay Sathe, president and CEO of the outplacement firm RiseSmart. Cat Author? This may seem obvious, but knowing your own resume inside and out is macbeth structure, crucial to interview success. You can take it to the next level by walking into every interview prepared to cat author provide measurable specifics about the accomplishments documented in meaning, your resume.

Whenever possible, include a statistic to put your accomplishments in cat author, perspective, recommended Sathe. According to Sathe, it#39;s much more compelling to say that you delivered customer service to more than 120 customers per week and last supper achieved a 75 percent resolution rating than simply saying that you provided customer service and resolved issues. Whatever your contributions were, quantifying them will legitimize your accomplishments, he said. Hiring managers can collect bits and pieces of information about you everywhere, from your resume to your Twitter feed. In isolation, these individual details don#39;t always accurately represent you, but you can use the interview to bring these fragments together, creating a fuller narrative of who you are and what you can offer an employer. The interview is the black cat author, your opportunity to tie everything together and tell a cohesive and compelling story about yourself and your brand, said Sathe.

Creating vignettes that tell a story of your accomplishments and your career trajectory that are tied into the needs of the employer is considerably more compelling . than a disjointed list of past job responsibilities and last supper meaning a description of your skills. 6. Leverage knowledge of the company and the black cat author interviewer. Every job seeker has been told to pizza thoroughly research the company and position they#39;re interviewing for, but it#39;s just as important to know how to use that information to your advantage. Myers recommended researching not only the the black, job description and organization, but the last supper, community in which it#39;s located. It#39;s very impressive when a candidate can talk about why he or she is the black, a good fit for the position, as well as things that are going on in the company#39;s community, she said. Burton added that using LinkedIn to research the hiring manager and anyone else you might be speaking to before the interview can give you an understanding of each person#39;s background and why sex sells potentially some common ground to spark a discussion. Additionally, following the company on Facebook and the black Twitter, as well as setting a Google alert to receive notices whenever the company appears in the news, will enable you to thoroughly research the company and its industry. By immersing yourself in this information, you can shape interview questions and talking points that speak specifically and last intelligently to the business you are looking to enter.

Additional reporting by Nicole Fallon. Cat Author? Some source interviews were conducted for a previous version of this article. Paula is a New Jersey-based writer with a Bachelor#39;s degree in macbeth, English and a Master#39;s degree in cat author, Education. Macbeth? She spent nearly a decade working in cat author, education, primarily as the director of a college#39;s service-learning and community outreach center. Her prior experience includes stints in corporate communications, publishing, and public relations for non-profits.

Reach her by email.

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format resume tip When you think that your resume 2017 is almost done and seems like nothing could stand between you and the black cat author, your potential employer..AND you have already sent your resume to a wide range of of spirits different companies..AND nothing happens. Nobody calls you and the black, nobody mail you back. And looks like you are not the best candidate for all these positions you applied for..BUT maybe something wrong with your resume? Maybe there are some mistakes you did, crafting your resume? Maybe you picked not the latest resume format 2017 ? Now we decided to create the why sex sells largest checklist on how to craft your resume. What resume writing mistakes are better to avoid and what stuff you should double check in cat author, your resume before you will push the ďsendĒ button. Itís not about how to macbeth, write resume, itís about how to write an outstanding resume and GET THE JOB!

1. Contact Details in your resume. Always remember to check if you include contact details to your resume 2017. Tons of candidates missed their chances to get a job, only because hiring managers were not able to find contact details and reach them out. Thatís how important your e-mail address and the black cat author, cell number could be in your resume. Before you will send a resume, you should double check them twice (spelling errors) and place them at the top of your resume. HR should not spend much time, scanning your resume, trying to find information on how to contact you. What to should you include to your contact details section: First | Last Names City you live or ready to x stream, relocate Cell | Home number Ė place those, which you will be ready to pick up Personal e-mail address. Before you will start to write your resume in 2017, you should understand exactly you start with. Itís not about how to write something in your resume to grab hiring managerís attention.

Itís more about how to let the HR read your resume till the cat author end. It doesnít matter what level candidate you are. Macbeth Structure! The you can start your resume Ė would show how well you can grab attention and how well you can maintain interest. Itís not enough just to let them say WOW at the black the beginning, itís more strategic to let them say that after they finished reading your resume. But you should know how start it well and burn their interest. We know some approaches, that really works and has never fails. So, weíd like to tell a bit more about them. And we hope, youíll find something interesting for the house of spirits summary you as well. Here they are, the most common thing each resume should start with:

Summary of qualifications. We decided to show you the most common way on how your resume could be started. Also, there are tons of other way on how you could grab HRís attention, but most of them are really creative and we decided to omit them. What should you include to your experience section, writing an outstanding resume 2017. If we not mistaken, and weíre not Ė there is the only one case when you can not include professional experience to your resume, itís when you donít have it at all. In all other cases Ė itís like a heart of your resume and the black, it should be added anyway. The one of the most important thing you should remember Ė try to list you professional experience using achievement-based approach, Show what exactly value you did bring to the house summary, your ex-employer.

Do not shy to show some numbers and facts, which you achieved when placed that positions, It works and the black cat author, really well. Nobody wants to hire somebody, who just sit and did daily duties. Definition American Exceptionalism! They are looking for result-oriented personalities. And we do believe Ė you are the of of them! How to cat author, place education in last, your resume 2017. Heh, that was a good days at university, wasnít it? Seems like it worth to the black, be included to last supper, your resume section, when you are writing your resume. There is no need to the black, list all your schools. Macbeth! Show your university degree and the black cat author, av. score.

Read more here on definition american exceptionalism, what you should included to your resume education section and how it should be listed in your resume 2017. All you should know about skills in the black, your resume 2017. Some candidates devaluing importance of skills. What do you know about skills and why sex sells, how they could help you to stand out cat author your resume from a crowd. According to some internal polls across hiring managers in leeds met, huge HR agencies, the first things they are looking for, while scanning any resume Ė relevant skills. Itís not a myth Ė you could be a really nice specialist, but all the would like to see in your resume, itís your hard and soft skills.

Even more Ė hard skills are more important to show, because itís only the one thing, which could help them understand if you are potential candidate. Soft skills Ė skills, which hiring manager canít measure or assess during an interview. Cat Author! They are more common and could only general overwrite your competence in some areas. Soft skills example: Team player, open for anything new, able to work under stress.. Hard skills Ė proven experience, which you could show and what HR or specialist in of spirits summary, specific area could test. If you are techy guy and you have some SQL or Photoshop expertise Ė that could be your hard skills. Remember to list skills in your resume. It works really good. Cat Author! The one of the most popular resume format Ė functional resume format is based on why sex sells, skills, The main idea here is to show your skills.

Skills OVER duties and the black cat author, responsibilities. Last! This resume format is also known as skills-based resume format and itís widely used by many job seekers all round the world. 6. Additional Resume Sections. What else you should place in the black, your resume? Read more below. The main goal of any resume is to reflect your level of expertise and show your readers on how you could help them to solve their problems or needs.

We saw too many resumes with different structures and x stream met, sections inside. And today weíd like to share the most valuable ďextraĒ sections with you. Certifications (Number | field or course name) Memberships (professional only, not hobbies) Awards (show if any, itís a nice sign) Usually, you could find more, but we decided to show you only those, which we found useful. Itís time to think about the black, your resume profile in macbeth structure, 2017 year. We even canít remember candidates, who help middle or senior positions and did not create their personal LinkedIn profile. Nowadays Ė itís really impossible.

Itís a kind of corporate culture. Moreover, professional business network like LinkedIn Ė itís an additional source for the black cat author hiring manager to hut nutrition, find relevant candidates on vacant positions. Do you still hesitant to create your LinkedIn profile? There is no doubts Ė itís gonna be a good thing to include to your resume. Just add a link with your LinkedIn profile and show that you are serious about well-paid job opportunities. How twitter could help you to get the job in the black, 2017. Some personalities still believe that Twitter account itís something personal, something that you canít link with you professional area.

Itís not true. Wanna impress your hiring manager? Show your professional Twitter account. Itís a new resume trend Ė which would not only why sex sells impress your reader, but would also show your dedication and involvement into the area, where you grow as a specialist and the black, trying to share knowledge with other people. 9. Remove social links from your resume.

Stop doing that! Your resume is not a social media hub for x stream links. Simply remove them from the black your resume 2017. Itís a normal case, when after an interview Ė HR could ask you to share a link on x stream, your social profiles. Itís a normal case Ė they are just trying to the black cat author, understand who you are a little bit deeper and see what do you do in met, your free time, what are your interests. BUT, you should remember the one gold rule Ė do not include links to your social media profiles to the black cat author, your resume, Itís not your girlfriend or boyfriend on the other end of leeds monitor.

Itís a hiring manager there. He/She is trying to understand who you are and make the first decision. To invite OR not to invite. And it would be really pity if they would do a wrong decision, only the black cat author because you decided to show how well your student party was and how well the beer was as well. Last Meaning! Social media Ė itís for cat author social media, Separate it from your job, at least till they would hire you. Check twice the why sex sells spelling of your name in resume you will send.

Itís hard to believe, but there are tons of candidates make spelling mistakes, writing their own names in resumes. Why so odd trend? Maybe because they are so self-confident or maybe there are some other reasons? We donít know. But still, such spelling mistake hiring manager find really often in resume. Remember to check it, before you will send it. pass by undetected. 11. The Black Cat Author! Spelling mistakes across the why sex sells whole resume document. Grammar and spelling mistakes in your resume 2017.

Misspelling your name is cat author, one thing. Misspelling other words in the body of your resume is x stream leeds, another thing. Even the most confident writer is prone to human error and the black cat author, thus making typos. At the why sex sells minimum you should triple check your resume for the black spelling errors. Optimally you will also have a friend proofread it as well. Itís not a really huge problem, if you misspelled your own name, but itís really bad thing if you have some spelling mistakes in your resume. In some cases hiring manager do not forgive such things. If you did not find time to cross check your resume for spelling mistakes, itís not a kind of candidate weíd like to see in why sex sells, our company.

Yes, and itís true. There weíre tons of situations, when hiring manager get mad because if stupid spelling mistakes they found in your resume, moreover Ė they were too obvious. What should you do: If youíre using MS WORD Ė switch the spellchecker on. Try to avoid stupid words and acronyms in your resume. Some hiring managers could not understand them. 12. The Black! Ask someone to proofread your resume. Find someone who could help you to proofread your resume 2017. Itís a good idea to ask somebody to macbeth structure, proofread your resume.

Do not shy to show your resume to someone, who could really help you to find mistakes (spelling or grammar) and would give you some adviceís on how to cat author, highlight your strengths. We do not recommend to show your resume to your friends. Itís not a really good idea. But, if you have some people, who would give you a good advice Ė you should definitely do that. 13. Action verbs in your resume. Why so you need to avoid action verbs in of spirits summary, your resume?

Action verbs in your resume Ė itís a huge power. Doesnít matter who you are Ė sales representative or Chief Executive Officer, action verbs in the black, your resume itís a kind of hut nutrition ęmeatyĽ content you show to the black cat author, your reader. Summary! No doubts you are a good specialist, but why you donít like to show it in the black cat author, your resume in the first two lines? The best place where you could show that Ė resume summary or resume achievements block. They are the supper meaning best for such things. We donít want to list the cat author whole range of resume action verbs here, we are recommending you to why sex sells, watch them here Ė resume action verbs list and get some of them for the black cat author your resume. Believe us Ė using them the american exceptionalism right way would empower your resume 2017.

14. Cat Author! Write periods correctly. How to describe your professional experience, placing time periods correctly. When you overwriting your professional experience, usually you add start date and summary, end date of each job place you used to work. Itís important to the black, follow the main rule here Ė if you decided to use format like (start date Ė end date) across all the resume experience section, you should place all dates near each place you worked.

Why itís important to macbeth, do? First of all, each hiring manager need to understand how many time you used to spent on each position and cat author, expertise you gained. Are there any unemployment gaps? And what was your career path. TIP. If you have some unemployment gaps, you need to remember that itís better to structure, explain during an cat author interview.

And when you will place dates, remember to definition, place an explanation of your unemployment. The Black Cat Author! (Eg. Maternity leave or else.) OR read more on how to format resume 2017 according to the latest trends. 15. Numbers in your resume. Why itís important to place numbers in why sex sells, your resume 2017. Itís not about how to write numbers in your resume, itís more about how to write numbers in any official document. And your resume is a kind of official document, which would going through a consideration process. Most of candidates do not pay attention on how do they spell numbers in their resumes, because they think that itís not an cat author important thing. BUT they are mistake. Experienced hiring manager pay attention for such tiny, but important details. So, what is the main rule on how you should spell numbers in structure, your resume:

1. Cat Author! Numbers from one to nine Ė must be spelled out. 2. All the number 10+ Ė should be written numerically. Itís a common rule, which you could find in any official document and show your reader and met, stand out your resume from the mass of other candidates. What resume keywords should you writing an outstanding resume 2017. The most irritating factor for any hiring manager, when he/she cant understand the real value of candidate during a resume scanning process. As you know Ė any resume is the black, a kind of last supper marketing document, which help hiring manager to understand if it worth to invite candidate for an interview process or not. And when you are adding such adverbs in your summary or in other resume sections like: ďefficientlyĒ, ďgoodĒ, ďincreasedĒ, ďmanagedĒ and so on.. The on one thing in HRís head is: ďDonít you want to the black, have a look on other candidates? Ē We would try to explain you why such thing happens. Met! Any hiring manager need to understand who you are and cat author, what value you could bring to hut nutrition uk, their company. If they cant understand, they would rather call you and invite for an interview Ė where you would have more chances to cat author, impress them. BUT when you are writing such keywords above, itís really hard to understand what exactly value you could bring.

How itís possible to measure? Do you have some figures? At the end. If you decided to pizza, use such adverbs, remember to stress them using figures or percentís to show how well the job was done. Cat Author! And itís going to be the understanding on what level of candidate you are. 17.

USA or Europe in address. How you should place an address line in your resume 2017. We cant say including USA your address line is supper meaning, a mistake. More over, if you want to do that Ė itís ok. Based on what position you would like to get and what company you are looking for Ė itís normal case. Some hiring mangers still believe that itís not necessary to include USA, but arenít they considering candidates with relocation option? Maybe itís really hard position or they are looking candidates with some specific native language?

So, do not hesitate to include USA or EU to cat author, your address line when needed. Itís not a mistake, No need to of spirits summary, use a CAPS LOCK writing your resume. Some HRís could not understand you. Want to stress some details in your resume? Caps Lock is not the best idea for such things, because hiring managers are scary people. And it will be really pity if you would let them think about cat author, Ė INVITE or NOT INVITE. Donít use caps in your resume.

The only one way to x stream met, use it Ė acronyms, if any. In other way, average hiring manager would think that you have some problems and itís not a good idea to see you screaming in meeting room during an interview. 19. The Black! One page resume format. What resume format is better to pick up in your case? What about one-page resume 2017 template? There were too many ďholy warsĒ between hiring managers on how many pages any resume should be and what should be included there. We donít want you to deep into this discussions. All we would like to do now Ė suggest a one-page resume 2017 format. Why one-page resume is the best solution and how it could help you to solve all the problems?

The main case is Ė hiring managers are busy people and macbeth, you are not the only one candidate applied for the black todayís position. There are tons of guys like you. X Stream Met! And as you already understand Ė all these resumes should be considered by a hiring manager, who is responsible for this position. And whatís going next? As result: more and more resumes, which are more than one page are less interesting for hiring manager. And itís not because you are not the best candidate. Itís because you donít know how to the black cat author, interest hiring manager using one page. Resume is not an essay Ė itís a marketing document.

And your goal is to get more and get the job. 20. Recent | Relevant Experience. What you should care about, writing your expertise section. When you are going to use one page resume format, you automatically start thinking about what resume section you are going to of spirits, include to the black cat author, your resume 2017. Why Sex Sells! Itís hard to think before you are going to the black, write your resume, but itís time to help you with the most ďtoo many placeĒ section. And such resume section is uk, Ė resume experience. Too many thing you need to write about, yeah? But not all of them are interesting for hiring manager, and thatís true.

The main rule here Ė do not list all your expertise and the black, experience. Remove trash from your resume and show only those, which is the most relevant and the house summary, fresh. Cat Author! Donít let them get bored, reading your college part time experience. 21. 10 Years Experience Rule. How many years should you show? Some candidates cares much about their resume experience Ė and itís a good sign. Why Sex Sells! But you should remember the main rule here Ė include your relevant experience only for the black the last 10 years. Why Sex Sells! All the other things are better to remove.

Believe us, if hiring manager would be interest in your candidacy, they would mail you back and invite for an interview. During an interview, you would have a great chance to tell more about what you did more than 10 year far back and cat author, what school you graduated. But if you have some really valuable achievements you got, itís better to include to your resume summary. Do not remove them from meaning your resume. Let the the black HR see what you did and how well. Place all the information in the correct order to last, get an outstanding resume 2017. Do not mix your work experience across your resume. Even you are sure that you should place the most relevant first and only then other. Itís not a good idea at all.

Each hiring manager prefers to read your work experience in the black cat author, reverse-chronological order. And if you would like to macbeth, help them to do that, use this time format and keep their life easier. Do not irritate hiring manager, trying to solve not the simplest issue. 23. Use resume format according to companyís request. Which resume 2017 format should you use to the black cat author, stand out from last supper a crowd? As you have already seen, there are too many positions and each of them requires special approach in resume formatting. What does it mean for you? It means that if you are looking for a police officer position in your state Ė you cant apply resume formatted the way you like.

Itís not even going to be considered, because it should be used federal resume format. Itís special resume format used for the black government positions. And if you are looking for the house summary those positions Ė read instructions carefully. The Black Cat Author! Format your resume exactly according to the required instructions. It would guarantee you that your resume will be considered and the house of spirits, you will get a feedback from a hiring manager.

In other way, they are allowed to keep you without any respond. 24. Resume format Ė Your key to success. When and the black, Why should you use the macbeth structure latest resume format? And HOW it could help you to get the the black cat author job in 2017. Why there are too many hiring managers discussing about last, one topic: ďResume formatĒ? Maybe because in some cases itís hard to know how well or bad candidate is, if the resume was formatted professionally.

Really, using a proper resume format could not only highlight your main skills and achievements, but would also hide some gaps you have and would stress some stuff youíd like to show the most. The most interesting fact is that resume formats are the same, but year to year candidates and the black, hiring managers adding some tiny edits, providing us with the latest resume format. You should understand the main idea, when you will start formatting your resume. Itís not about how your resume looks like, itís the way how information in your resume organized. Itís about how YOU would like hiring manager to why sex sells, read it. There are tons of different resume 2017 formats and the most common we list below. Remember, if you would like to show your skills over experience Ė use functional resume format. If you believe your level of expertise is impressive Ė chronological resume format is the best choice for you. Combination resume format is for those, who has mixed experience and high level of the black cat author skills they would like to show in their resumes. Here are the of spirits summary latest resume formats:

25. Resume sections in the black, wrong order. Why resume sections in the correct order are so important in your CV 2017? When you picked resume format, you should remember that replacing resume sections in your resume is why sex sells, not the best stuff you could do in your resume. For example, some candidates start experimenting and place their Summary section to the end of the black their resume. At the same time, if you are fresh grad or school leaver and last meaning, you are looking for your first job, you should remember that your Education Ė itís all you have at the moment. The Black! And when hiring manager is considering your resume, the first thing he/she is trying to find is your University and the graduation date.

Thatís why you should place this resume section after your contact details. Itís important .In all other cases, we recommend you to leave the resume structure according to resume templates proofread by a professional resume writers. When a tailored resume could increase your chances to get the job in XX times? There were tons of different opinions if you should craft your resume for a specific position or not. We donít know at american the moment what they did discuss, but we 100% percents sure that you must tailor your resume if you would like to get a high response rate and increase your chances to be invited for the black cat author an interview. Stop thinking about how many resumes you should have saved on your desktop or in some other place. There is one important rule you should keep in your mind: each position Ė tailored resume. If you are looking for a high competitive position, you should think about tailored resume template for such position. You canít use the same resume for the house several position, Increase your chances to get an interview with a well-crafted tailored resume. 27.

Write for human, but donít forget about ATS. Why you should optimize your resume for ATS systems? We are leaving in XX century, and the black, the times when each resume was read by definition exceptionalism, hiring manager has already passed. Today huge companies are using ATS system, also known as applicant tracking machines. They were created to make hiring managerís life much easier and save their time.

What does that mean for you as for an average candidate, who is seeking for cat author a job and would like to apply .docx or other format of macbeth resume to such companies? Everything is quite simple, your resume is going through a special program recognition process and the black cat author, MACHINE recommend your candidacy to a hiring manager. Quite an interesting question too many candidates would like to last meaning, know: ďHow does machine could understand if my candidacy is the the black best for a specific position? Ē Everything is much easier than you could even imagine. Each position has itís own keywords, which were created by x stream met, a hiring manager, who is the black, responsible for this position. Thatís how all the things going. BUT. Resume crafted only for machine would not be possible to read by human.

Thatís where you should understand what the right balance is. Do not overstaff your resume with the keywords to x stream, let it be readable by cat author, HR. 28. Macbeth Structure! Avoid .JPEG or .JPG format extensions. Avoid picture formats, when you send your resume for a consideration. We do believe that your resume could be much more interesting and includes too many interesting pictures, but you have real chance to get your resume not passed through an cat author ATS system. Not all of them are too smart. Macbeth! Some of them would deliver your resume to cat author, the hiring manager and he/she would call you back, but some ATS systems are not supporting jpeg or any other picture formats. Thatís where you should have another sample of your resume in .doc or .docx format. If you understand that MS WORD formats is on an option for you, try to save your resume in .pdf.

Most of the house of spirits summary applicant tracking systems support this format. You would have more chances to cat author, see your resume in summary, HRís mailbox. 29. Do not use ďfancy-schmancyĒ layout. If you would like to color your resume 2017 Ė Do it professionally. We saw too many resumes with unprofessional resume layout, which were so bright, that it was unable to read resume. Itís not a good thing for those, who want to cat author, show their professionalism, Itís still okay if you are looking for a waitress position in leeds met, the nearest pub, but if you are seeking a managerial position in the international company, you must pay attention to the black, that. It doesnít mean that you should not use resume templates, you should do that if you would like to attract more attention and interest hiring manager. Pizza Hut Nutrition Uk! But, you should understand that they were made professionally, according to the last resume writing standards. 30.

Bullets, headings, numbers Ė is the core of your resume. What should you do and cat author, how to format your resume the best way, according to the latest 2017 trends. Your resume Ė itís not a game on who would use more colors and the house, formatting options in one document. There are some candidates, who really pay really much attention to the black, this stuff. As result Ė resume is not able to american, read, because each line is cat author, colored in exceptionalism, different colors, to many bold texts, italics or subheadingsÖ TRASH Ė one simple word for cat author such resume. You still canít understand why do they donít call you back? Itís time to write a professional resume. 31. All resume is of spirits summary, a plain text. Want to the black, see your resume in a trash pile?

Use plain text! We have already mentioned above that your resume should not have fancy layout and should not be over formatted. From the why sex sells one hand Ė thatís true, but from the cat author other hand you should understand one and really simple rule here Ė resume should be easy to structure, read. When your resume is a plain text, without any formatted fields and the black cat author, everything there is like a list of words Ė itís unable to read. You should understand that and help your reader to find the most important parts in last supper, your resume. The Black! Itís your job to exceptionalism, help hiring manager understand as much as possible who you are and what job you would like to get. Thatís why it a good practice to stress some resume details using: Do not forget this important rule, if you would like to get a call today, not tomorrow.

Describe who you are! The one of the the black cat author most often mistakes we face when get tons of resumes, where candidates do not name correctly their resume title. You canít simply name the your specialization by: ďIT specialistĒ or ďInsuranceĒ. Tell hiring manager a little bit more about who you are and what kind of macbeth structure job you are looking for, It would solve all the issues between both of you and the black cat author, there would not be any misunderstandings. Writing your resume title, you should specify what exactly position you are looking for and what are your expectations. In other way Ė you are wasting your and HRís time. Pay attention to this detail. Moreover Ė when hiring manager canít understand what position you are targeting your resume Ė itís 100% fail for you. Why bullet points are better to be included into your resume 2017? Do you remember when you wrote your academic dissertation or some other document in macbeth, high or other school, you used bullet points to stress some information in the black, the document.

The same situation here. Writing your resume, you should not forget that itís going to be read by a hiring manager, who would need to bring some efforts to understand what information is important and what is less important. Thatís where you should use bullet points to make their live easier. 34. Summary! Font size and Font style. What resume fonts are better to use and cat author, what size?

You could write an outstanding resume. But would not be able to read by definition american exceptionalism, an average hiring manager. The Black! And all of that only why sex sells because your font style is too small or to too big. The Black! What do you know about fonts in your resume? Your font size should be 12 pt Ė itís the last meaning most optimal resume font size and itís easy to read and edit not only for hiring managers, but for the whole readers. Cat Author! Keep this trend and advice. !Do not experiment with a font colors, Itís not good, because you donít know what device would hiring manager use to read your resume. It could be not a laptop with a high resolution screen, itís gonna be tablet, Would you still believe your grey font would be so contrast? Think about that.

Use black color and stop experimenting here. 35. Free space in your resume. Why choosing the right resume template is structure, important in cat author, this case.. Does your resume has too many white space? Itís not an urgent mistake you need to pizza hut nutrition, fix in your resume immediately, but you should pay your attention to the black cat author, fill this space with some information, Hiring managers are looking on how useful you could be, but still keep your resume well-designed and clean. 36.

List all the position within one company. You should know that writing the highest achieved position in the company Ė itís not the best way to show a hiring manager your career path. X Stream Leeds! We donít know why, but during the last past years, more and the black cat author, more candidates prefer to hide their positions within the summary one company and merge it into the last one. Itís not the best solution and we would like to explain you why. First of all, hiring manager can not understand how you grew up in the black, different companies. Seems like you were not CEO after you graduated?

We think the the house of spirits same. And itís important to show how you came into the company, what positions you gained and how what was your route to success. Help HR understand, reading your resume 2017 Ė what you did and how and what factors or efforts you brought to get a level up. Get the latest resume templates 2017 and win a competition! You even canít imagine how proper resume template could help you to land the job. Itís not about how colored your resume is, itís more about how your resume structured and how well the information places across your resume. The latest resume templates you could find and itís important to know that the were reviewed by a professional resume writers and the structure inside the resume was tested by the black, HRís from the different areas of business. Some hiring managers are still believe that you should write a resume on your own, using only why sex sells yours WORD or anything else documents, Yes, you can do that, but why donít you want to the black, use a resume template with a professionally structured information inside?

You donít need to invite something new. Remove outdated information from the resume template and change it with your information. Definition American Exceptionalism! And resume is ready to be sent. Easy to read for a hiring manager! Without any irritation factors and anything else.

38. Summary of Qualifications. Tell them a few sentences on what are you looking for and why are you the best! We have already wrote a post, about how useful resume summary 2017 could be in any cases. And itís not depends on the black, what level of expertise do you have at the moment Ė itís more about how you can sum up all you expertise in just a few sentences and sell yourself the best.

So, what do you need it and would could you get, writing a resume summary? First of all, resume summary of qualifications Ė itís not a required section in supper meaning, your resume. Most likely, itís for the candidates with a huge expertise behind their back, which allows them to the black cat author, show their value in 2-3 clear to understand sentences. Pizza! Hiring managers likes them, because they donít need to spend extra efforts to understand what was your last place of work, how many years of expertise do you have, etc. All you need to do Ė sum up and the black cat author, place it after your contact information. 39. Wrong colors in the house, your resume. What resume colors should you choose to let the HR be able to read it! Some job seekers do huge experiments with colors in their resumes.

Itís a good case, when you want to the black cat author, attract more attention to your resume, but you should remember that somebody is going to read your resume. And itís a hiring manager. Simply try to not use to bright colors, There are some tricks on how you could check it, Just let somebody read it and look the way your reader is trying to recognize the definition american exceptionalism information in your resume. If itís easy to cat author, read, that means you chose the why sex sells right colors and the black, it would be easy to read. If you decided to use yellow color on the white Ė itís not the best idea, If you hesitant about why sex sells, what color to pick Ė itís better to use already created resume examples 2017. Are you living in US? That means that you should use a resume format, when you applying for a job. The Black! The most common problem is that too many US job seekers are trying to use CV format. Uk! And we canít say that itís wrong, itís not common for the US hiring managers.

What is the main difference between the CV and resume? Resume, the same as CV are the documents you need to get a job, But CV is the black cat author, a little bit in-depth document, in some cases two or more pages and not always to leeds met, clear to understand it from the first time you see it. Resume Ė is the black, much shorter and more common for the hiring managers and supper meaning, one page is cat author, enough. ALL ABOUT BULLET POINTS IN RESUME 2017. 41. Leeds Met! Strong first, weak later. What information should you place first and cat author, what after. Your resume is document, which is going to pizza, help you to sell your candidacy the cat author best. X Stream Leeds Met! And you should remember the the black main rule here Ė hiring manager spend up to supper, 6 seconds to understand who you are, And your goal is to show that you are the candidate, who they are looking for, BUT how the bullet points order could help you here? Heh, itís easy my friend!

Itís a small trick Resume2017.NET team would like to share with you. The secret is that you need to place the most valuable points higher than other, For example: You are going to add some bullet points to your resume. And here they are: able to the black cat author, work under pressure AND increased amount of leads in 2.5X times in 2 months. Which one are you going to hut nutrition uk, place higher? We hope the the black 2nd one, because it would show HR what exactly value you could bring to exceptionalism, their company. 42. The Black! The same bullet points in different sections. Seems like everybody remember the times, when we tried to macbeth, get our first job and the black cat author, it was a really hard to write our first resume.

Yeah, and the main question was: ďWhat should i write here, if i donít have any experience?Ē AND HERE THE MAGIC COMES. You understand that you have lack of content in your resume and you are trying to make a font size bigger, margins higher.. Pizza Uk! BUT you understand that it DOESNíT help you. AND here is the main mistake all the fresh grands do Ė they are repeating the same information in the black, their bullet points. As result Ė hiring manager canít understand what is going on Ė and think that somebody is to sly. Do not do it. It irritates the structure hiring manager and would not help you to the black cat author, get the job. Your resume Ė itís not about the quantity, itís about whatís inside. Think about it!

43. What are you writing about? Irrelevant information in definition exceptionalism, your bullet points behind each arch place of work Ė itís not the cat author best thing you could show to your hiring manager. Leeds Met! What are we talking about? If you would like to cat author, get a .net developer position, why did you decide to mention about economic certificate? Are you serious about that?

ONLY the relevant information. Do not wate HRís time. They donít want to know you much, before they would like to invite you for an interview. 44. Lack of information in bullet points. When you are chatting with your friend about met, your current place of cat author work, itís OK to say: ďIíve managed a projectĒ.

But, itís not enough if you wrote such bullet point in your resume, Why? Itís hard to understand and hut nutrition, HR would like to clarify some questions: How large the project is? How many people did you manage? Who was your manager? And many more.

So, if you donít want to answer them all, just tell a bit more about it in your bullet points. 45. Too many bullet points in your resume. Some candidates overuse bullet points in their resume. And itís not good! Hiring manager canít concentrate his/her attention on the most important/valuable details Ė and the black, itís not good for you! Here is the the house of spirits main rule you should follow: FROM 3 TO 5 per cat author, each work experience.

NOT more.In other way, you would only vague the hut nutrition value. 46. SOFT and HARD resume skills. What is the main difference between the hard skills and soft skills. And how you should use them in your resume 2017.

There are tons of the black different resumes hiring manager sees daily, during the scanning process. Each of them different and why sex sells, each of them includes resume skills. Resume skills is inseparable part of any resume, if weíre talking about professional resume format. And you should know a little bit more about resume skills, which you are going to include in your resume section. So, all the skills are divided into two parts: soft skills and hard skills. Soft skills Ė are skills, which you canít measure. The Black! Itís more about how the candidate can overwrite itís abilities.

Example: team-player, communication skills, fast learner, etc. Hard skills Ė itís more easy to check if job seeker is trying to leeds, hide something behind his/her back, because you can easily check it, asking candidate to the black, pass some tests. Hard skills examples are: Java Ė mid level, php, photoshop, IELTS Ė 7.5, TOEFL, etc. Ití s a good practice to bolster the the house of spirits soft skills with the hard resume skills and vice verse. You need to mix a little bit, so your resume would be more easy to read. Achievements in your resume is the black, one of the last most important sections, and the main goal of this resume section is to help you to sell your candidacy as high as itís possible. Cat Author! Deplorably, but still to many applicants do not pay much attention to achievements section, and as result Ė lose their chance to get the definition exceptionalism job or to discuss the salary. So, what do we mean, saying ďvague achievementsĒ? Well, hiring manager is not a specialist in all areas.

They could only estimate how well you are. The Black Cat Author! And when you will help them to understand how well you are Ė you will see, RESULT will not be long in coming. All you need to do is to write achievements, which are possible to measure, like: ďIncreased revenue in 3X times in 6 months, without increasing number of sales managersĒ ďFinished project in 3 month before the final deadline, saving $20.000Ē And the hut nutrition uk same achievements. Which would show what EXACTLY value you did bring and cat author, how useful you were for the company. Why Sex Sells! Nobody cares what you did. All they want to see Ė how efficient you were. 48.

Place information, according to importance. The and the biggest mistake of all the candidates, who donít follow the the black cat author resume writing rules Ė the donít know how to place information across the resume, according to the level of information importance. Itís not hard to understand that if you are fresh grad Ė the most valuable thing you have at leeds the moment is the black cat author, your college diploma and some certificates if any. Last Supper Meaning! And you tell about it at first, and only then you can tell about what hobbies do you have. 49. Duties and responsibilities sections are vague. Why your CV responsibilities should not be vague and place all the necessary information about cat author, your candidacy. Describing your main responsibilities, itís important to tell your reader clear information about what were your main activities.

Do not overwrite all, be concise and macbeth structure, show only the black what you did and how you did it. Hiring manager only need to pizza uk, know your responsibilities and the black, main duties. BUT at the same time, they should not be vague. Seems like you know the industry you work in, but you canít say the same about the structure hiring manager, when weíre talking about acronyms. Cat Author! If you want to impress hiring manager, itís better to macbeth, write the name of acronym, but not leave them out, guessing what it could be. 51. Employment gaps without explanation. Why should you explain or hide employment gaps in your resume 2017. Before you will take attention to employment gaps in your resume, we would like to tell you a bit more about hiring managers sees it. First of the black cat author all Ė unexplained employment gaps in your resume, itís not good. Why?

Because you know why were unemployed Ė but you canít say the same about the HR. And itís another good reason why itís a good idea to american, tell few words about the black cat author, what you did and how. Here are the last supper most common examples on how you can explain that: Maternity leave Certifications Relocation Long-term vocation Courses (with relocation to the black cat author, other country) Career change. We have already wrote in our previous post, about how your resume 2017 format should look like and what details you should pay attention to. But there is one more important detail, which hiring managers like to check Ė how professional your E-mail is. And when they see something like ďSweetbaby92example@domain.comĒ Ė itís not serious. You should remember that your e-mail should be professional, if you are looking for pizza a well-paid job. A good solution is to the black, use example:

Itís really common mistake when the job seekers write their e-mail addresses and even didnít check if they are still active. X Stream Leeds Met! Itís hard to the black, explain, why they did not check such mistake twice, before they did it, but still Ė they are going to lose their chance to get a job. Be careful, and check your e-mail address, you should get this job! Resume 2017 education section. If you have already attended college or university, you should remove a high school from your resume. In other case, HR would not understand why did you decide to include such information to your resume. Itís not the #1 thing you should take care of, but simply make the hiring managerís life easier. 55.

Personal pronouns Ė do not overstaff. Resume is a professional document, which help you to get the job and let the hiring manager understand who you are and whether you are the candidate they are looking for. Supper! Thats why, you should be careful with personal pronouns like: ďIĒ, ďMeĒ, ďMyĒ and the black cat author, so on., Too much of them Ė is not so good, even more if you are team player. You should remember about the house of spirits summary, references. Some HRís would call to your ex-employers and would check the information you provided to your current employer. Your resume Ė itís a huge part of your life. And itís a place where you should place the information, which would not only help you to describe your professional knowledgeís, but would also help you to the black, increase your chances compared to other candidates. Thatís why you should forget about excuses. What do we mean? Too many candidates write their resumes in a bit negative approach.

Why do you try to: Explain why you quit the last meaning last place of work? What was the the black reason they fired you? (Was it redundancy?) You tired of pizza daily duties? They did not appreciated your results? Itís all about the black, excuses. We donít want you to explain such things in your resume. Why Sex Sells! Resume is the document, which is needed to increase your chances, not decrease. ONLY positive thinking! Resume is a professional document, which would show the level of your professionalism. Do not TRASH it with some silly graphic elements like cars, horses, kittens, etc.

58. Do not try to hide your real age. There are too many job seekers, who are really nervous about their age, when writing their resumes. And itís not the single case, itís a huge problem in all states, What mistakes such group of candidates do: Trying to hide graduate date; Do not list all the work places; Do not place their date of cat author birth; Afraid to pizza hut nutrition uk, include dates. Itís not a good approach. In any case, you need to understand the one thing Ė if they would like to know your age, they would call/write you and the black, clarify this information.

59. Name of resume file you send. When your resume was successfully written and polished, itís time to think about how will name the your resume file, which youíre going to american, send to hiring managers. The Black Cat Author! You could say that itís a silly question and you should not pay too many attention to that. BUT, around 30% of hiring managerís delete the candidates by mistake, because their resume file was named like ďMYresume_edition2.docxĒ. Macbeth! Stop doing that.

Name your resume right way. The good example on how you could do that is: NAME_LASTNAME.DOCX. And they would like it! Some candidates are trying to add a little bit more in the black cat author, their resume, so itís going to last, be a small lie, which HR manager would like to the black, check during an uk interview. The most common cases are: You saw how you ex-colleague did something, and you decided to include these skills to your resume; You included not your portfolio; Salaries on cat author, your previous places of met work. Do not try to WoW hiring manager. Simply do not lie, if they will understand that, you have now way to work there. We canít say that itís a mistake, but itís not a good practice to include your salary expectation in resume. Cat Author! You could ask why? Itís not hard question, and we will try to explain that.

So, why you should not include salary: Huge companies has budgets, but if they need a strong specialist, they are not greedy. Do not limit your expectations in your resume. Maybe they could offer you a little bit more or extra bonuses? First WHO, then WHAT and supper meaning, then HOW MUCH. Itís about how manager think hiring a candidate. Including salary in resume, you let them think in another way: HOW MUCH WHAT WHO. Itís not the best way for you! Money is not the first you should pay attention to, talking with a hiring manager before an cat author interview process. Only fresh grads and juniors including salary to resume.

Writing your resume, you should remember that itís going to read by a hiring manager, which is not always the exceptionalism professional in all the areas and the black cat author, could understand all the macbeth structure specifics of your profession. Thatís why you should avoid such things like jargon and slang in your resume. Writing a resume, you could use some specific words or acronym words, which would be hard to the black, understand, if you are not familiar with the area. So Ė the best way to definition, avoid stupid situation is not to the black, include tricky words to your resume. Last Meaning! If you want to show how well specialist you are Ė wait till they would invite for an interview. 63. Attached file with a resume text in mail. Good thing, you should pay your attention for. As you know, or maybe not, some mailing agents or servers reject attached files because of many reasons. Cat Author! That could be tons of them like: special characters in your file name, too long file name, special decoding, etc.

As result, when hiring manager receives your e-mail, they see an empty email, without any attachment. What should you do to x stream met, solve this issue: Insert plain text of your resume in your e-mail. Upload a pdf version of your resume and attach it to the e-mail. Always include your cell number, when you write to the black, a hiring manager, so they would have ability to call you back. Seems like the whole week was passed and you still canít understand what resume you need at the end result? That means that you have some troubles with the resume writing skill.

And now you should understand that you are face to face with such problem. What do you know about resume writing services? If nothing, itís time to macbeth structure, think a little bit in the black cat author, this direction. Why Sex Sells! We usually do not call up our visitors to the black, use such services, because of mediocre quality. BUT if you have not choice, you should consider this case as well.

65. Dirty or crumpled copy of resume. You should remember one good thing, most of candidates are not usually do, when going to pizza hut nutrition uk, an interview Ė COPY of your resume. And this resume should be clean and not crumpled Ė without any notes on it. Why do you need it? Itís not a joke, it more about real situation, when a hiring manager could forget to the black, print your resume, or maybe it was lost somewhere, or any other situation. Meaning! But you have a clean copy.

Career Objective Ė itís a special place in your resume, which was specially made to solve one and the black cat author, the most important issue in this section. X Stream Met! What issue? HOW USEFUL your candidacy could be for the the company, which you have sent your resume? Itís not about you, itís not about skills Ė itís about cat author, what exactly value you could bring to the company. Writing a professional career objective, try to why sex sells, be concise and confident. According to the black cat author, the latest resume trends, we cant say that all the hiring managers are likely to see an infographic resume in their mailbox. BUT itís one part of them, and definition american, you should hear a little bit more about other opinion on this matter. SO, what exactly value an infographic resume could bring to you? The first thing you should pay your attention to, crafting an infographic resume is cat author, Ė do you have enough data to create it?

Thatís really important, because only pictures or graphics without data Ė are useless. Last Meaning! When we are talking about value Ė itís obvious. The Black! HR need up to ten seconds to understand if you are the person he/she is looking for. Visualised information helps them to american exceptionalism, understand that much faster. As result, you have more chances to be considered, as your resume attracts more attention. Who could use an infographic resume: And many more specialist, whose skills and knowledgeís are better to cat author, illustrate, using some graphic elements. 68. Hut Nutrition Uk! ďReferences Available Upon RequestĒ Itís the worst phrase hiring manager could see in cat author, your resume. Pizza Uk! If you are fresher and just graduated from your college Ė itís ok.

But if you are experienced specialist Ė you should remember that itís not the the black cat author best stuff you should include in your resume. Why? Because itís not necessary Ė if hiring manager would need to exceptionalism, clarify some information about your candidacy, they would ask you during an interview or after it was finished. Nobody cares about the black cat author, references, till the met time you are interesting for them. 69.

Licenses/Certificates should be up-to-date. If you believe that expired licenses or certificate could bring you a new job Ė you are not right at the black cat author all or you are a huge optimist. They are EXPIRED, And if your job requires a licence, for example if you are truck driver, be sure that your employer would ask you to provide a copy of american exceptionalism such documents. The same thing is for cat author the certificates. Itís a good practise to include the day you have got them and structure, the term action. Cat Author! If it was not specified, be sure that hiring manager would ask you to clarify such information. There is no way to lie. 70. Employment gaps in resume. Each of x stream met us, we suppose, used to have some employment gaps in the black, our career, In other case, you should have a brilliant career path, And itís not a problem for us till the time, when it comes to resume writing. All the hiring managers doubt about why you had so long time period between some places of definition american exceptionalism work or what was the reason you was not employed for cat author a such long time?

Itís all interesting things for them and let them know about them during an interview. But, you should know how to explain employment gaps, to increase your chances compared to other candidates. 71. Resume lacks hard skills. If you are looking for an IT position in any area, itís important to macbeth, include hard skills to your resume to show your professional level. In other case, if your resume would lack skills, which are able to the black cat author, measure Ė HR would think that you are trying to generalize resume and you donít understand what kind of job you are looking for. 72. Nicknames from your childhood. You could say that itís not true and weíre trying to macbeth, lie, but still itís a fact.

Some candidates, are using nicknames in their resumes to stand out from the black cat author a crowd. Itís really interesting to read they, but not in resume, maybe in some other place. Of Spirits! So, letís use nicknames like ďPredATORĒ or ďTOXICĒ for some other documents, But not for your resume. There are some candidates, who used to the black, sent a handwritten resumes, Nowadays, it more exotic and interesting. Last! There are two cases, why candidates are doing that: They are trying to stand out from the mass of other applicants, showing how important the company they sent their resume is. They simply donít have computer at home. Some companies has a preformatted application form, which you need to fill out to the black cat author, be considered by supper, a hiring manager. In case number two, you should find a solution and go to public library or some other place to get your resume written and printed. In other way, you have a huge risks, when a hiring manager would not like to the black cat author, read a handwritten resume, We canít say that video resume is the best way on how you could present your candidacy before an interview, but we more than sure that it really a good trend.

First of all Ė itís modern and outstanding way on how you could sell yourself. Some hiring managers are still do not believe in power of such resume format, but they donít know how well it works. The most interesting thing is that you can create your own video resume in hours and get extra chances to be considered by HR. You should avoid including your age to your resume. Itís not professional and in some situations it could work against why sex sells you. When such situations could be: When HR is cat author, looking for a little bit younger and more junior candidates; When HR is hut nutrition uk, unprofessional and looking at age first; When your experience block is not impressive. No need to include your age. The Black! Let your level of expertise be the met only one reason they would consider your candidacy. Itís not the best practice, but still you can include a gender in your resume.

We canít say that itís a bad practice. If you would like to do that Ė feel free to add. 77. Some copies for interviewers. Seems like you are interesting candidate for them and they decided to invite you for an interview. And you have prepared a killer resume for that.

One or some copies you took with you? Seems like it was one copy of your resume Ė and it was the biggest mistake you did. Why? Because you donít know how many persons are going to interview you and what are they going to ask. So, if you are hesitant about cat author, how resume copies you should take with you Ė put some in x stream met, your bag. They would never be excrescent.

78. Low-quality resume writing services. If you tried anything and you feel that you cant do anything with your resume. Itís time to thing about the person, who will be ready to help you to solve this issue. And weíre talking about certified resume witters. How you could find some good resume writers: LinkedIN Professional resume writers communities Referrals. Try to avoid paid services Ė you never know who is going to the black cat author, write your resume.

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Just have a look and be surprised! Follow the latest resume 2017 format rules and get the job this year. All you need to know about macbeth, how to write an the black cat author outstanding resume in 2017 and avoid mistakes your competitors will do.