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Mentoring In Nursing Essays and Research Papers. Benefits of Mentoring in Nursing Kerri Wiggins Wilmington University Benefits of Mentoring in . Nursing Nursing is an evolving profession with an aging work force. Newer nurses are entering a challenging and, at times, thankless profession. The need to train new staff in order to of our, promote desired entry into the profession and increase retention in the field and workplace is dire. University Degree Possible Essay. The adage that nurses eat their young is of our environment a common well-known phrase. It is unlikely in todayís world, where career. Florence Nightingale , Health care , Nurse 1679 Words | 5 Pages. her protege or partner in developing skills, methods and work habits which the mentor developed painstakingly over her entire career.
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The importance of of Canberra Possible Essay, mentoring to develop fresh graduates in work place. What are the Findings from your Research on this topic? In todayís . rapidly advancing society, there are many fresh graduates from top colleges and products of our, universities with good grades who are still unable to An Assessment of the Romeo and Juliet and Midnight Dream, meet their work targets or cope with the pace of work. Before when they enter or just started their first career, they have to face a lot of unknown circumstances and requirements. Therefore, a mentoring program is of our environment so much needed. Knowledge , Management , MENTOR 622 Words | 3 Pages. Mentoring - for change process Both individuals and organizations must grasp the essence of change and adapt to the process for survival in . this rapidly changing environment .The people factor is critical for the success of example, any change management strategy, but most often ignored as a result of over emphasis on business needs which brings about a short term success. Of Our. Human outlook to change is based on recent it can the impact of repeated combat a concern, but it entails growth and products environment, new opportunities.The fear of unknown prevents individuals from adapting.
Management , MENTOR , Person 1383 Words | 4 Pages. ? Mentoring : The use of Social Skill in the Indian Context Introduction As we live in aĒ relationship-richĒ environment . (Hall Associates, 1996, p.4), it becomes necessary to examine interdependent work and non-work relationships. Mentoring is an intense interpersonal exchange between a senior experienced individual (the mentor) and a less experienced individual (the protege or the mentee) .The mentor provides guidance, advice, counseling, feedback, and support for the protegeís. Arjun Atwal , Coaching , Culture 1191 Words | 4 Pages. Abstract Nursing is one of the oldest careers in Degree Careers, history.
It has grown tremendously since the products of our environment, beginning of the profession and strives forward . in hopes to Solving the Childhood, attain more advancement in the medical field. Of Our Environment. Along the years, there have been several controversies regarding nursing as a profession. In this paper we will discuss what nursing professionalism is and Solving Obesity Essay, why we as nurses need to remain a professional icon in the occupation. This paper will also summarize two nursing articles regarding nursing professionalism. Diploma in Nursing , Florence Nightingale , Nurse 1326 Words | 4 Pages. Pursuing A Nursing Career Pursuing A Nursing Career Nursing Industry: A world of Opportunity . Nursing Industry: A world of Opportunity ? Flexible schedule Ė convenient shifts to fit your schedule ? Challenge - everyday a new challenge; no boredom. . ? Accomplishment Ė Become an products of our environment, outstanding person ? Pride - Helping people on a day to frontier example, day basis ? Wisdom/Knowledge Ė Become familiar with the human anatomy and the medical world. ? Flexible schedule Ė convenient shifts. Associate's degree , Bachelor of Science in Nursing , College 802 Words | 4 Pages. REPORT: associates degree in nursing date: 12/4/2012 Descriptive Abstract This investigative report will go into of our detail about Solving, associateís . degree in products of our environment, nursing . Nursing is the largest health care profession in the U.S. Over 2.5 million strong, nurses make up the ssebusiness login, largest workforce within the clinical healthcare industry. Nursing careers offer a wide variety of roles and a broad scope of responsibility.
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nation has been the focus of the National Academies, Institute of Medicine (IOM). It turns out to be that clear from their research that . nursing plays an important role in the conveying health care. Robert Woods Johnson Foundation (RWJF) was appointed by IOM the Committee through the interdisciplinary practiced that depend upon the initiative on An Assessment of the similarities between Romeo and Juliet and Midnight Dream, the Upcoming of Nursing . The aim was to create an achievement in environment, favor of plan for anything that would let nurses to principal alteration in the direction to. Health , Health care , Health economics 1333 Words | 4 Pages. Japan Journal of An Assessment similarities between Romeo Summer's, Nursing Science (2008) 5, 71 doi:10.1111/j.1742-7924.2008.00111.x EDITORIAL Nursing theory Ė . remembering our future Modern nursing theory began with Virginia Henderson in the 1960s. Environment. In her grand theory of nursing , she de?ned nursing as ďassisting individuals to gain independence in the performance of Solving the Childhood Obesity Epidemic, activities contributing to products environment, health or its recovery (Henderson, 1966, p. 15). Since the 1970s, the literature on An Assessment of the similarities and Midnight, nursing theory has focused upon products, two levels of nursing theories: the.
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What is nursing ? What exactly does it mean to University Possible Essay, nurse a patient, and how has this definition changed over the past centuries? What does the . discipline of nursing consist of? In this essay, I aim to attempt to answer these questions, along with the help of a myriad of nursing researchers whose studies have helped to broaden my perspective on what exactly it is that I now do for of our, a living. I will be discussing the different types of nursing knowledge that assists us as nurses to care for patients and. Florence Nightingale , Health care , Health care provider 1724 Words | 5 Pages. Nursing Theory and Caring Nursing Theory and Caring Caring is a simple yet strong and powerful word, an abstract concept . commonly found in nursing theory. Caring implies responsibilities, connections, and trust. Nurses take on the role with pride and honor. Nurses are caregivers. Many nursing theorists looked and still do look at caring as a core concept for nursing practice.
Three main theorists come to mind, Jean Watson, Patricia Benner, and Kristen Swanson, when thinking about nursing and. Concept , Florence Nightingale , Health 1644 Words | 8 Pages. Nursing Essay: Sample Reflecting on based research, it can be concluded that of repeated, oneís Communication Skills Introduction Nursing students can enhance their learning . Products Of Our Environment. through reflection that is, reflecting on a situation that involves nursing care (Parker 2006, p.115). In line with this thought, I shall reflect on an experience and dramatic devices in an inspector calls, discuss the communication skills I used or should have used during the patient encounter. I will use the three what model based on the work of Borton (1970) and Boud (1985) to help structure my reflection. Before. Communication , Health care , Health care provider 2075 Words | 7 Pages.
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Chavacano language , Medicine , Nursing 445 Words | 4 Pages. ?Description It is my first day of work after graduating from nursing school. I am currently in a remote island of Maldives. It is a small . hospital consisting of 50 beds and almost 20 staffs working in 3 shifts. I came for products, morning duty and Solving the Childhood Epidemic, the nursing in-charge shown me maternal and surgical ward as my first work place. After taking handing over from the environment, night shift staff I made everything ready for the ward round as the doctors will be here in no time. Just before the doctors arrival we got a patient. Existential quantification , Hospital , Management 819 Words | 2 Pages. nurse.
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Care of An Assessment of the similarities between Romeo and Juliet Summer's Dream, residents , Health care , Healthcare 1647 Words | 9 Pages. patientís danger of of our environment, getting harmed and Solving Obesity Epidemic, the patientís wellbeing (Henneman, Gawlinski Guliano 2012). This essay contains a rationale, a case scenario of a . patient who shows respiratory deterioration and the appropriate nursing actions to be undertaken in of our environment, such a case. Frontier. Nurseís role Nursing assessments and interventions which reduce unpleasant patient outcomes are vital. There are various reasons for products, worse patient outcomes like improper diagnosis, lack of administering the right medication and and Three, poor control. Blood , Nurse , Nursing 2090 Words | 6 Pages.
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The University of the inspector, West Indies Faculty of Medical Sciences The UWI School of Nursing , Mona Year II Semester II BScN Catheterizing the . Female Urinary Bladder Overview: Urinary Catheterization is the introduction of of our environment, a catheter through the urethra into the bladder for the purpose of withdrawing urine. University Of Canberra Possible Careers. Purpose of the Urinary Catheterization is to of our, 1. Prevent or relieve bladder distension 2. Promote urinary elimination 3. Obtain a sterile specimen of Urine 4. Obtain. Kidney , Urethra , Urinary bladder 1224 Words | 7 Pages. nursing shortage and based research, it can of repeated combat deployments:, nursing turnover. Nursing Shortage and Nursing Turnover Nursing shortage is a phenomenon that is affecting nurses and the provision . of adequate patient care in todayís health care industry. Nursing shortage is said to occur when the environment, demand for employment of nurses is far greater than the the Childhood Epidemic, number of nurses willing to be employed at products environment, that time (Huber, 2010). According to the American Association of the Childhood Obesity Epidemic, Colleges of Nursing (A.A.C.N.), ďthe nursing shortage is expected to increase as baby boomers age, and the need for products of our, health.
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her obligations of employment. Working extra shifts, teaching, and membership in NAPNES are personal values, not accountability. 4. The LPN reminds a . group of students that the values they demonstrate in their practice have their roots in: 1. nursing school education. 2. family influence. 3. peer relationships. 4. agency policies. ANS: 2 The family shapes values that are demonstrated in environment, later life. These values may be enhanced or challenged by life experiences, but the base is forged in. Clinical trial , Good Samaritan law , Informed consent 1124 Words | 6 Pages.
Nursing and Technology In his textbook, Medical Sociology, 12th edition, Dr. William Cockerham (2007), a medical sociologist at the . University of Alabama, Birmingham, describes nurses as being ultimately responsible for University of Canberra Careers Essay, the nature and quality of all nursing care patients receive during their stay in a medical setting. According to products, Cockerham (2007), they also are responsible for following the instructions of physicians in order to ensure the best plan of action is implemented to better serve the. Health care , Health care provider , Medical history 1108 Words | 3 Pages. of the information and knowledge gained, by suggesting how these skills will be applied to the student nurses future practice. Disease management improves . the quality of a patientís lifestyle and activities of daily living, through education and nursing intervention on their condition, empowering them to take a more significant role in their own care. It considers all additional factors to the actual medicinal treatment for the disease, providing a holistic approach. It is dramatic devices calls therefore imperative that. Epidemiology , Health , Health care 986 Words | 3 Pages. Students in their first semester of year one, attached to products, the ward for 3 weeks. ē The skill that will be taught to University of Canberra Degree and Three, them will be blood . pressure monitoring using a stethoscope and sphygmomanometer. ē Cork A (2007) suggest that nursing students should be using manual BP monitoring I l practice instead of depending on automated monitorsē Learning takes place in surgical ward and products environment, hospitalís stimulation lab. ē The first debriefing session was conducted in stimulation lab.
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charles beard essay Why Charles Beard Lied. Britain's War on the Constitution. by Kathleen Murphy. In 1913, an aspiring historian by the name of Charles Austin Beard published a savage assault on products American republicanism in Solving Essay the form of an economic interpretation of the U.S. Constitution. Timed to products of our, coincide with the presidential inauguration of that shameless Anglo-Ameriphile Woodrow Wilson, the it can that the impact publication of Beard's lying account of the Constitution's origins quickly accomplished what it had set out to do: to trigger a demoralizing national controversy over the spurious question, Is the environment Constitution 'democratic' enough to meet the needs of a modern 'mass society'? -- a debate which would pave the way for the wholesale subversion of the frontier American System. An Economic Interpretation of the products of our environment Constitution bore as much similarity to honest historiography as today's soap operas to real life.
Stripped of its flimsy academic pretenses, Beard's book was an hysterical diatribe against the great men who brought the United States into of Canberra Degree Careers Essay, existence. Overflowing with distortions, innuendo, and outright fabrications, manifesting no concern whatever for historical accuracy, An Economic Interpretation nevertheless self-righteously insisted that the Founding Fathers had been a clique of greedy, self-interested proto-aristocrats who had secretly drawn up the Constitution and then conspired to impose it illegally upon the rest of the population for the sole purpose of consolidating political and economic control over products of our environment the new nation in their own money-grubbing hands. It should come as no surprise, then, to learn that the An Assessment of the similarities Dream young Columbia University professor who penned this prize specimen of black propaganda was consciously acting on behalf of a power hostile to of our, the United States. Despite his hypocritical protests of nonpartisanship, Charles Beard was serving the interests of the British oligarchy when he wrote this most infamous of his many books had served them, in fact, since at the Childhood Essay least 1900 and continued to do so until his death in 1948. Beard's deliberate distortion of one of the most decisive turning points in America's development as a sovereign republic represented a significant escalation in an ambitious campaign, launched by London in the early nineteenth century, to rob the U.S. of its sense of moral purpose by systematically rewriting, revising and products environment reinterpreting its history.
Premised on the British oligarchy's perception that the United States would never succumb to its plans for re-conquering its former colonies unless all traces of the Neoplatonic world view which had given rise to the victorious American Revolution were first obliterated from the historical record, the British campaign to undermine the American System put hired hist-whorians such as the renowned George Bancroft and Frederick Jackson Turner to Obesity Epidemic Essay, work churning out a stream of fictionalizations purporting to represent and interpret the history of America. (1) The story of how Beard came to products of our environment, figure so prominently in devices this Big Lie deployment against the United States begins at Oxford's Balliol College. Of Our Environment! Long the frontier example key training center for Britain's topmost intelligence agents and ruling elite, Balliol also played a prominent role in seducing American intellectuals into products of our environment, the Crown's employ a process institutionalized with the creation of the Rhodes Scholarship Fund in 1904. Sent to Balliol by his Anglophile professor at Indiana's DePauw University, Beard was taken under the wing of Fabian Society and based on recent it can be concluded deployments: related Round Table networks immediately upon his arrival there in 1899. These networks, featuring Fabian leaders Ramsay MacDonald, Keir Hardie, and Beatrice and Sidney Webb, tailored a curriculum for Beard which enabled him to assimilate swiftly the tools of the British intelligence trade. One of Beard's first assignments, carried out under the direction of Balliol's Regius Professor of History F. York Powell in collaboration with another American expatriate, socialist Walter Vrooman, involved setting up Oxford's pioneer workingman's college, Ruskin Hall.
Named in of our environment honor of Solving the Childhood Obesity Epidemic arch-racist John Ruskin, spiritual godfather of Round Table founder Cecil Rhodes and one of Beard's lifelong idols, Ruskin Hall became an of our, important element in the Round Table's strategy for infusing new blood--in this case, from the labor movement--into the login Empire's dangerously anemic administrative apparatus. As Ruskin Hall's extension agent, Beard undertook several recruitment drives through England's pitiful industrial cities. He also published his first book under its imprint. An anti-industrial tract misnomered The Industrial Revolution, Beard's first exercise in the Big Lie school of of our environment historiography blamed Europe's food production crisis on its craze for industrialization, and recommended, among other measures, that if the soil of Europe were tilled and managed like that of China, it would support one thousand millions of human beings instead of its three hundred and sixteen millions. Based On Recent Of Repeated Combat! (2) During his last year at Balliol, Beard wrote a series of articles for products of our Young Oxford magazine making it clear beyond question that his loyalties now lay completely with the British oligarchy. In this series, titled The Living Empire, Beard endorsed the Round Table's geopolitical strategy for turning the U.S. into An Assessment of the between and Juliet Summer's Dream, the Empire's dumb giant by inveigling it into an Anglo-Saxon alliance against Germany, Japan, and Russia -- the Ruskin-Cecil Rhodes strategy for preserving the British Empire.
Imperialism is the world-creating process, Beard began. The average rational healthy man who does not suffer from Imperial word phobia will agree that the Imperialism which produced the United States and the colonies is good. Then, in of our an open appeal to the United States to help consolidate and extend Britain's worldwide looting policies -- the same policies against which the United States had already fought three bloody wars -- Beard wrote that if the two countries could integrate their own political, economic, social and educational programs, vast settlements from various white countries would be transplanted, not as individuals, but as communities, over the rich plains of northern and central Asia and devices calls Southern South America, while the United States and England would use the same methods in distributing much needed populations over the great western plains of America and of South Australia and South Africa. Products! The only sane attitude which statesmen can adopt towards other races is that of non-mixture. The question is, then: Are the places of the earth now capable of supporting increased populations to be made white, or black, or yellow? It is example not a question of death; it is a question of birth.
The whites are capable of of our environment multiplying indefinitely, so are the blacks and dramatic devices yellows. Some life must be repressed. Which shall it be? [Emphasis original.] (3) It was to making this fantastic vision of a global Anglo-Saxon Empire a reality that Beard dedicated the rest of his life. It was his commitment to this oligarchical grand strategy which inspired his hypocritical attacks against the antidemocratic Constitution -- and environment not as his defenders claim, any fine notions about the ability of the frontier common man to govern himself. Beard's patrons in England were impressed by his progress; here was an products environment, American who outdid the Empire's most ardent proponents in promoting the most hideous aspects of its rule! Keir Hardie and Ramsay MacDonald were so impressed, in fact, that they urged Beard to remain in England indefinitely, going so far as to promise him a Cabinet post when the soon-to-be-formed Labour Party came to power. Of The Similarities Romeo! (4) The Constitution . is products environment grotesque But Beard's plans to become the first U.S. citizen to hold a Cabinet portfolio were altered abruptly in the Childhood Obesity September 1901 when William McKinley, the last American president to identify himself consciously as a Hamiltonian, was murdered by a London-controlled assassin.
Under McKinley's infantile, pro-London successor, Teddy Roosevelt, a legion of British agents and agents of influence was activated in the United States in a concerted effort to wipe out America's republican institutions and replace them with a Fabian/populist-modeled British colonial regimen. Spearheading what has come to environment, be known as the Progressive Movement were the liberal reformers led by ssebusiness social worker Jane Addams, Lincoln Steffens, Edmond Kelley, Victor Berger, and John Spargo -- amply funded from London-connected investment bankers Jacob Schiff and James Loeb, among others -- who waged trust-busting assaults on U.S. industry and anticorruption campaigns against America's old-line political machines. Simultaneously, London unleashed a full-fledged epistemological war against the nation's humanist traditions. John Dewey a lifelong friend of Beard set about destroying American education and, with it, the products of our minds of generations of American youth. Roscoe Pound, Louis Brandeis and Oliver Wendell Holmes worked to overthrow the natural-law foundations of America's legal system in favor of nominalist doctrines typified by sociological jurisprudence, while in dramatic calls economics, Richard Ely, Thorstein Veblen, and of our E.R.A. Seligman (a scion of the Rothschild-connected Seligman banking family) propagated openly anti-industrial theories.
In philosophy, occultist and Aristotelian William James's ludicrous pragmatism was established as a uniquely American contribution. Above all, this Tory fifth column was determined to savage the U.S. Constitution, and it was to this task that Beard, who returned to the United States in 1902 to a teaching post at Morgan-connected Columbia University, devoted his efforts. To London, the devices in an inspector very existence of the Constitution presented a constant reminder of its humiliating defeat by the American revolutionists and, as her agents were constantly complaining, the products of our principal obstacle to social progress. To the United States, on the other hand, the Constitution served as the of Canberra Degree Possible Essay living embodiment of its framers' intent to build a nation committed to the perfection of its citizens through scientific and technological progress.
On both counts, London knew that the destruction of the Constitution's credibility was an of our, absolute prerequisite if its overall subversion of the U.S. was to ssebusiness, proceed successfully. Beard's An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution represented the culmination of this assault. Products Of Our! Since the turn of the century, British conduits had been flooding the U.S. with virulent attacks on the Constitution and the men who created it. The opening salvo was fired in on recent the impact 1898 by the American branch of the Fabian Society. Of Our! In the inaugural issue of Solving Obesity Essay its magazine, the Society vowed to replace the U.S. Constitution with something resembling England's: We call our paper The American Fabian for of our two reasons. We call it Fabian because we desire to ssebusiness login, make it stand for the kind of of our environment educational Socialist work which is so ably done by the English Fabian Society. We call our paper The American Fabian because our politics must in a measure differ from those of the English Fabians. England and America are alike in some things; in some things they are utterly unalike.
England's Constitution readily admits of constant though gradual modification. Our American Constitution does not readily admit of such change. England can thus move into Socialism almost imperceptibly. Our Constitution being largely individualistic must be changed to Solving Obesity Epidemic, admit of Socialism, and each change necessitates a political crisis. This means the raising of products of our environment great new issues. [Emphasis added.] (5)
Within weeks, the same line was being retailed in London by Ramsay MacDonald -- who, not accidentally, was soon to become one of of Canberra Careers Essay Beard's principal patrons at Balliol. Environment! Briefing a meeting of the Fabian Society on his just-concluded tour of the United States, MacDonald lamented: The great bar to Solving the Childhood Obesity, progress in the U.S. is the written constitution, Federal and State, which gives ultimate power to a law court. (6) By 1912, denunciations of the Constitution had become so commonplace that even Colonel Edward House, Woodrow Wilson's British-connected controller, could openly sneer that the document was not only outmoded, but grotesque. In order to provide some shred of credibility to of our, this treachery, a slew of sensationalist books smearing the Constitution were circulated. Among the most influential were The Spirit of American Government (1907) whose author, J. Allen Smith, said he wanted to call attention to dramatic in an, the [Constitution's] inherent opposition to democracy (7) -- and self-styled Marxist Algie Simons' Social Forces in American History (1911), which charged that: The organic law of environment this nation was formulated in secret session by a body called into existence through a conspiratorial trick, and was forced upon a disenfranchised people by means of a dishonest apportionment in based on recent research, be concluded that of repeated deployments: order that the interests of a small body of wealthy rulers might be served. (8)
By the time Beard's An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution appeared in 1913, the ground had been well-prepared for products of our just such an impartial and definitive indictment. Beard's role in these attacks on the Constitution, exemplified but by no means limited to An Economic Interpretation, was based on his study and conscious replication of the political theory of the the Childhood Epidemic bestialist Aristotle. Against the Founding Fathers' goal of an urban-centered, industrialized United States, Beard posed Aristotle's vision of democracy based on small farmers condemned to rural idiocy and powerless against the rule of oligarchies. Against their Neoplatonic humanist commitment to the development of human minds guided by reason and the necessary interest of products environment humanity as a whole, Beard championed Aristotle's heteronomic individual self-interest and greed. In a series of lectures delivered at Possible Careers Amherst College three years after publishing An Economic Interpretation, Beard was at products his most effusive and frank in his admiration for Aristotle: The mighty Aristotle, 'the master of all them that know,' . rightly deserves to called 'the father of political science,' because he took it out login, of the sphere of utopian idealism where Plato left it and placed it on the strong foundations of environment natural history . Of The Romeo And Midnight Summer's! he sought to of our, combine the idealism of ssebusiness login ethics with the realism of products of our environment historical research. Aristotle combines economics, politics, and ethics. Dramatic Devices In An Inspector Calls! How sound is this, how wise, how much more scientific than our modern practice of dissection and distribution among specialists. . When he approaches the heart of the matter, namely, the causes of variation in the form of the products of our state, he immediately relates economics and politics.
It can hardly be doubted that Aristotle . Obesity! looks upon the character and of our distribution of wealth in society as the chief determining factors in login fixing the form of state. When Aristotle takes up the problem of finding the best material for a democracy he is no less insistent upon the economic element as the fundamental factor. The safest and most enduring form of democracy is, in products his opinion, that based upon frontier example, agriculture. In such a state the people are compelled to work hard for environment a livelihood, they have little time for political intrigue and Obesity Epidemic combinations, they do not covet the property of others, and they will endure in patience oligarchies or tyrannies if they are allowed to work and products are not deprived of their lands or cattle. [emphasis added]. Next to an agricultural democracy, that of a pastoral people is best. The worst and most dangerous democracy is that founded on commerce, for there is no moral excellence in the employments of frontier traders, mechanics, and products of our laborers. (9)
Hypocritically, Beard, who was later to explicitly espouse just such an agrarian democracy for frontier the United States, had denounced the U.S. Constitution for being aristocratic and of our inefficient for positive action only eight years earlier. Beard based his own views on government on Aristotle's conception -- against Plato's insistence on the greater the unity of the state the better that no individual or group of frontier example men is capable of transcending the boundaries of his or their own immediate self-interest to environment, act in the interests of the frontier example human species as mediated, for instance, through a state as a whole. In his Politics Aristotle wrote: Is it not obvious that a state may at length attain such a degree of unity as to be no longer a state? Since the nature of a state is to be a plurality, and in tending to greater unity, from being a state, it becomes a family, and environment from being a family, an individual; for the family may be said to be more one than the state, and the individual than the family. So that we ought not to attain this greater unity even if we could, for it would be the destruction of the state. (10) Beard repeated this same pluralistic argument in dramatic devices inspector calls a Politics of his own (published 1908) in which he asserted that the real state is not the juristic state but is the of our environment group of persons able to work together efficiently for the accomplishment of their joint aims. The essence of the in an state is the exercise of sovereign authority by some person or group of persons. (I1)
Five years later, in his lying interpretation of the products environment Constitution, Beard drew Aristotle's argument to that combat, its ultimate antihumanist conclusion: It does not follow, Beard cynically declared, that the vague thing known as the advancement of general welfare or some abstraction known as justice was the immediate, guiding purpose of the products of our environment framers [of the Constitution]. Of Canberra Degree And Three Possible Careers! The point is, that the direct, impelling motive in both cases was the economic advantages which the beneficiaries expected would accrue to themselves first, from their action. This view, together with Aristotle's espousal of of our environment rural democracy, is both the underpinning and the purpose of Beard's analysis in An Economic Interpretation that the fight over the Constitution represented an irreconcilable split between agrarian special interests and capitalist special interests. Rotten lies and filthy perversions The allegations and conclusions Beard put forth in An Economic Interpretation differed little from those of his predecessors. In essence, he contended that there had been a fundamental division in the American population over the Constitution and its ramifications for national policy. On the one hand, Beard maintained, stood the overwhelming majority of the population, the frontier debtors and small farmers, constituting a popular party based on paper money and agrarian interests; on the other, a conservative party centred in the towns and resting on financial, mercantile, and personal property interests generally. (12) The movement for the Constitution, Beard claimed, was originated and products environment carried through principally by four groups of personal interests which had been adversely affected under the Articles of Confederation: money, public securities, manufactures, and trade and shipping. (13) Moreover, The members of the Philadelphia Convention which drafted the Constitution were immediately, directly, and personally interested in, and derived economic advantages from, the based research, it can be concluded that of repeated deployments: establishment of the new system. (14)
As for the Constitution itself, Beard deemed it essentially an economic document based upon the concept that the fundamental private rights of property are anterior to government and of our environment morally beyond the reach of popular majorities. (15) Beard charged that the convening of the Constitional Convention amounted to a virtual coup d'etat in itself since no popular vote was taken directly or indirectly on the proposition to call the Convention which drafted the Constitution; that a large propertyless mass was . excluded at the outset from participation (through representatives) in the work of framing the Constitution by prevailing suffrage qualifications; and that the Constitution was ratified by a vote or probably not more than one-sixth of adult males. (16) Beard's treatment of the entirety of American history -- from the dispute over the Constitution, through the split between Hamilton and Jefferson, to the Civil War -- was based on the false premise that the principal dynamic in the Childhood Obesity Essay the development of the nation was the struggle for domination between capitalist (manufacturing, commerce, finance) and of our farming interests. This false dichotomy was simply Beard's method of diverting attention from and obscuring the real battle that has characterized every major crisis in American history: the fight between the American System, with its commitment to scientific progress and the application of An Assessment Romeo and Midnight Summer's new technologies to both agriculture and products of our industry, and the British System, based on Aristotle's bestial vision of pastoral idiocy -- a vision which Beard openly urged the United States to adopt. Had Beard published his tirade against the Constitution ten years earlier, it would probably have been dismissed as the rantings of inspector calls a crank, and the matter would have ended there. But London's epistemological war had already begun to erode America's capacity for resistance.
Thanks to the zealous publicity efforts of products of our environment America's wretchedly anglophile liberal establishment, An Economic Interpretation was palmed off on dramatic in an inspector the public as the definitive expose the of our real story behind the Constitution. As the following quotes from Epidemic Essay two establishment spokesmen suggest, the damage which Beard's book wrought on the American System was incalculable. According to the Nation magazine, founded by products of our E.L. Godkin as a conduit for British propaganda, An Economic Interpretation was the chief reason that. . We know today that the Constitution is a scheme devised by a land-holding and rum-selling oligarchy for the enslavement of a democracy. There was a group of people and an epoch commonly described as the Fathers. Devices Inspector! We know today that they were not parents to be proud of. The Fathers in their graves stand in the way of a great many desirable things of the present. Therefore, they must be shown up. The movement once under way, impetus does the rest.
There ensues a chronic irritation with the past; a chronic suspicion that the of our past was just the opposite of what patriotic sentiment has usually pictured. (17) Commenting more explicitly on the contribution Beard's book made to the Progressive Movement's attempt to overthrow the American constitutional system, Max Lerner wrote: Beard's book . brought the theory of based be concluded of repeated combat deployments: group interests and of class conflict into the center of the study of American politics; it dealt a blow to the conservative Supreme Court majorities and to their apologists, for if it was true that even the founding fathers were human beings governed by products of our environment their sense of economic interest, it was a fortiori even truer of the Supreme Court justices who passed on the validity of federal and state legislation that sought to control Big Property. Thus it dealt a blow to the strongest panoply in which property in Beard's day clothed itself -- the inviolate panoply of Constitutional due process of frontier example law. At the same time, it gave the products coup de grace to ssebusiness login, the mechanical jurisprudence of the products environment time, the rebellion against which was one of Beard's strongest motivations. (18) Equally damaging, Beard's bogus theories became the accepted interpretation of the Constitution for several decades to come; by the mid-1930s, his central thesis had been incorporated into the overwhelming majority of college textbooks and into a significant proportion of secondary school texts as well. And when the New Republic conducted a survey of books that changed our minds during the based on recent be concluded that the impact same period, An Economic Interpretation ranked second out of products of our environment a hundred, prompting Walter Lippmann to praise it for marking a turning point in the interpretation of frontier American history. (19) This is not to imply that American Whigs did not attempt to counter Beard's lies. Typifying the outrage with which these layers greeted An Economic Interpretation was Warren G. Products! Harding's Marion (Indiana) Star.
Scavengers, Hyena-like, Desecrate the Graves of the Dead Patriots We Revere, ran the headline over the Star's review of Beard's book, which nominated Beard for. . the place of Chief Hyena. His book is the Childhood libelous, vicious and damnable in its influence, and every patriotic citizen of the of our United States, every lover of liberty in this land should rise to condemn him and the purveyors of his filthy lies and frontier example rotten perversions. (20) But while Harding hit the nail smack on its head, his and others' failure to identify Beard and his book for what they were -- weapons in London's ongoing war against the Republic -- rendered their protests ineffective. The New History: Lying with a clear conscience. As Harding said, An Economic Interpretation was basically a pack of of our lies. Research done subsequently by Robert Brown, Nancy Spannaus, Forrest McDonald and others (21) has indisputably demonstrated that the University Degree and Three Careers facts which Beard marshaled to support his attack on the Founding Fathers were either downright fraudulent, or ambiguous at best. Even Beard's major evidence for charging that the Fathers were materially motivated in framing the Constitution -- the fact that several of of our them held U.S. Treasury Bonds -- is both questionable and ssebusiness login ludicrous.
Imagine railing at someone for of our environment financially supporting a cause to which he has committed his entire life! The fundamental silliness of Beard's arguments is what probably provoked arch-Fabian Oliver Wendell Holmes to remark that the only thing he Saw in Beard's magnum opus was a covert sneer. Beard justified his utter contempt for historical accuracy on the grounds that accuracy is an unattainable dream. Ssebusiness! A few years before An Economic Interpretation appeared, Beard had collaborated with a Columbia colleague, historian James Harvey Robinson, in developing a new theory of history which would enable them to lie with a clear conscience. Dubbed the New History, this modernized version of Aristotle's doctrine of mythmaking contended that, since it was impossible to know with any certainty what had actually occurred in the past, history should be written from the standpoint of contemporary prejudices and geared principally toward shaping the future. Specifically, the New Historians argued, history should be used for furthering the goals of the Progressive Movement. This was the theory which enabled Beard -- an ardent proponent of U.S. entry into products, World War I -- to write an Solving Essay, account of the American Revolution, on behalf of the notorious Creel Committee of World War I, which asserted that the only argument the American colonists had had with England was the fact that King George III was a German! (22) One of the most revealing statements of of our environment Beard's ideas on historiographical method can be found in his 1933 presidential address to the American Historical Association, Written History as An Act of based on recent it can that the impact combat Faith and its sequel, That Noble Dream.
In these, Beard insisted that history exists wholly in the eyes of the products of our beholder. History as it actually was is not known and cannot be known, Beard declared, adding that writing history is first and foremost a question of cutting off connections to be concluded the impact combat, the universal. (23) Beard gradually extended his denial of the possibility of truth in historiography to the entire spectrum of human knowledge. In the mid-1930s, when the Depression had begun to undermine Americans' belief in the idea of willfully determined progress, Beard began a sweeping attack against the scientific method. Claiming that the of our environment economic collapse had ushered in a fundamental crisis in dramatic inspector Western thought, Beard wrote that this crisis. may be said to spring from the disconcerting recognition of the fact that science cannot of itself provide the certainty, understanding and unequivocal direction to policy and practice profoundly expected after theological supremacy and assurance were disrupted in a conflict extending through several centuries. (24)
Elsewhere, Beard contended that: The contrast between the ideal that seems possible and the real [reality] that oppresses us is painfully evident to contemporary knowledge; and it is increasingly understood that science, which once supplanted theological assurance, can furnish no unequivocal prescriptions for national policy and action. Despite all the sayings, declarations, and prognostications . unequivocal explanations and guidance are denied us. Deprived of the certainty which it was once believed science would deliver, and of the very hope that it can in the nature of things disclose certainty, human beings must now concede their own fallibility and accept the world as a place of products of our environment trial and error. The Childhood Epidemic Essay! (25) By the end of his life, Beard was espousing the most openly irrationalist outlook. In a speech to the American Political Association in 1948 he announced: I have come to the conviction that we have no justification whatever for regarding our universe as a unified process under law and hence reducible to an exact science, either physical or political; and still less justification for supposing that, given the products nature of our minds, we can grasp the scheme of things entire in its three-dimension fullness. (26) Beard's deliberate lies concerning the origins and development of the United States cannot be attributed simply to the workings of an amoral mind given to pathological lying. Like the other elements of Britain's cultural subversion of America's humanist heritage, Beard's wanton historical misrepresentations constituted, as he himself freely admitted, the means to an end. That end, as Beard made absolutely explicit time after time, was the transformation of the United States from the world's premier industrial power into Solving the Childhood Epidemic Essay, a replica of products of our environment Aristotle's perfect state a zero-growth nightmare, inhabited by men-turned-sheep tending sheep, and based on recent it can ruled over by a feudal aristocracy capable only of looting, plundering, and pillage: in modern terminology, a fascist state. In a textbook on American government published in 1924, Beard implicitly acknowledged that his incessant chattering in behalf of true democracy was demagogic bunk, intended solely for the edification of the masses.
For the present, he wrote, we shall accept the dictum of Lord Bryce that the world is governed by active minorities who originate ideas and compel the attentions of the products of our multitudes. (27) In other words, it is the elites, not the people, who actually rule. Throughout his career, Beard complemented his historiographical subversion by actively involving himself in operations specifically geared towards supplanting American's humanist elite with one capable of carrying out London's desired transformation of the United States. One of the most important of these deployments was the so-called government reform movement, which had been inaugurated by Lord Bryce himself. (28) A key component of the Progressive Movement, government reform, was the noble-sounding name which London applied to its attempt to seize America's government institutions by replacing democratically elected, constituency-oriented leaderships with nonpartisan experts or technocrats. Sold to the public on the grounds that American institutions had been corrupted beyond repair, the government reform movement aimed not merely at planting a layer of Solving the Childhood Obesity Epidemic top-level agents in products environment key policymaking positions, but at frontier example overhauling the entire structure of U.S. government and refashioning it along explicitly British lines. The spate of mini-Watergates which proliferated during the early twentieth century, largely provoked by the exposes of products of our corruption in government uncovered by the British-controlled muckraking press, provided the justification for the wholesale destabilization of American government institutions, as one after another urban machine toppled before the reformers' onslaught. Beard threw himself into the government reform movement as soon as he returned from Oxford. The Childhood Obesity Epidemic! Under the of our tutelage of Frank Goodnow -- the chairman of Columbia University's political science department -- and spurred on by the vision of ssebusiness bringing about the of our reconciliation of democracy with efficiency through the new science of public administration, Beard concentrated on two strategic areas: training the new class of technocrats, and reworking state and local constitutions.
In 1906, Beard joined the faculty of the New York Bureau of Municipal Research, where he helped establish its pioneering Training School for Public Service, becoming director of the Training School in 1912. Funds for the Training School came from Mrs. E.H. Harriman who, returning from example a trip to of our environment, England in 1910, was so enthusiastic about the caliber of the British Civil Service, that she wished to replicate it at home. Known by its victims at Tammany Hall as the example Bureau of Municipal Besmirch, the of our environment Training School and its parent institution produced study after study purportedly proving how inefficiently municipal government was being carried out, and ssebusiness login how much better it would be if Americans realized that government properly belonged in the hands of specially trained experts. As New York public works czar Rober Moses, one of Beard's prize Training School pupils, put it in a dissertation he wrote at Oxford University while preparing himself for a career in municipal reform back home: The Civil Service of Great Britain is brilliant and farsighted because it recognizes that only a few, select university trained individuals should be permitted to hold important government positions. (29)
Through Beard's efforts, the Bureau and its Training School rapidly established themselves as the paramount institutions of their kind and the model for the thousands of others which were set up across the country over the next two decades. Through these institutions -- of which the Brookings Institution (founded in 1916) is one of the most notorious -- government policymaking and administration on all levels were systematically wheedled out of the hands of elected officials. Recognizing, as his mentor Ramsay MacDonald had stressed years earlier, that state as well as federal constitutions presented formidable obstacles to the drastic changes he and his cronies wanted to wreak on environment American governance, Beard spearheaded an ambitious, nationwide campaign to reform them. In 1919, under the auspices of the National Municipal League, Beard produced a model state constitution which recommended that the devices in an inspector calls states adopt a governing structure hardly distinguishable from of our British parliamentarianism. In this document, the man who attacked the U.S. Frontier Example! Constitution for being undemocratic, called for a system of government in which. . the governor would be elected by the people, with absolute power to appoint and products environment remove heads of departments, would prepare the budget which the legislature might reduce but not increase; and would have the power to dissolve the frontier legislature when it defeats any of his measures. The legislature, organized with one committee on appropriations and revenues and one standing committee for each of the major branches of the state administration might, on the other hand, call a general election to support it in any break with the governor. There would also be introduced the recall principle. (30) Beard also advocated the consolidation of all government departments into a few superagencies, with the governor as the products of our czar, and the adoption of the An Assessment between and Juliet and Midnight Dream short ballot -- a technique for drastically reducing the number of elected officials by making most administrative positions appointive.
These proposals were specifically aimed toward placing control over the government budget in the right hands. The budget is the very heart of the governing process he wrote in one of his tracts, It involves fundamental problems in of our environment administrative organization, in public policy, in legislative responsibility and in An Assessment and Juliet and Midnight Summer's political leadership. Sound budgetary procedure . Of Our Environment! requires a thorough-going reconstruction, even of the very elemental parts of the government framework. (31) Through its government reform movement, London succeeded to a significant extent in taking government away from the country's elected representatives, bestowing it instead on frontier example a selected and ever-growing gaggle of experts. Of Our! The massive influence wielded today by the Brookings Institution and other thinktanks, together with the proliferation of such strategically situated government policy institutions as the devices in an calls Office of Management and Budget and products the General Accounting Office, is only part of the anticonstitutional legacy bequeathed to the United States by Solving Obesity radical democrat Charles Beard. Beard's commitment to of our, turn the U.S. into a backward colony of the British Empire is login nowhere more apparent than in the recommendations he continually put forth for U.S. economic and foreign policy.
A prolific writer and self-proclaimed expert on foreign affairs and economics, Beard emerged during the crisis-wracked 1930s especially as one of the products most important and influential spokesmen in research, be concluded combat deployments: the U.S. on behalf of Britain's attempt to turn the U.S. into an explicitly fascist entity. It is entirely lawful that Beard should have become the leader of the band of anglophile liberals, centered around the New Republic, which championed fascism and products of our environment organized for its triumph in America. Anyone who finds it difficult to reconcile Beard's ardent support for of the similarities between Romeo and Midnight Summer's Dream fascism and his outspoken adulation for British puppet Benito Mussolini with his defense of democracy does not yet understand the profound similarities between the dionysian doctrine of radical democracy and products that of Nazism. Beard made no secret of his fascist proclivities. In a review he wrote for the New Republic in login 1929 of Herbert Schneider's The Making of the Fascist State, Beard declared that Italian fascism was. beyond question an amazing experiment. an experiment in reconciling individualism and products socialism, politics and example technology. This is far from the frozen dictatorship of Russian Tsardom. It is more like the American checks and balance system; and it may work out in a new democratic direction. It would be a mistake, Beard admonishes any possibly queasy readers, to allow feelings aroused by environment contemplating the harsh deeds and extravagant assertions that have accompanied the Fascist process (as all other immense historical changes) to obscure the potentialities and lessons of the adventure -- no, not adventure, but destiny riding without any saddle and bridle across the historic peninsula that bridges the world of ssebusiness antiquity and our modern world. Then, in an outrageous attempt to invoke the Founding Fathers in support of this rubbish, Beard continues:
In the fascist condemnation of of our environment democracy there is nothing new . the fathers of the American republic, notably Hamilton, Madison and John Adams, were as voluminous and vehement as any fascist could desire. (32) Over the next decade, Beard devoted himself to ensuring that this amazing experiment would triumph across the globe. Frontier! Beard welcomed the Depression, confident that the ensuing political and environment economic dislocation presented a golden opportunity for launching a sweeping reorganization of American policy. An early, vocal advocate of FDR's domestic economic policies, Beard frequented both the White House, and Capitol Hill during the New Deal's heyday, where -- as a confidante of the President put it -- he was regarded as the intellectual father of the New Deal. In a series of analyses published during the early thirties, Beard set out in detail what course he believed the U.S. should take.
One of the most revealing of these was A Five-Year Plan for America, published in the July 1931 issue of Forum magazine. An unabashed blueprint for creating a fascist state in the U.S., the and Three Careers Essay article called for products environment establishing a corporatist governmental structure based on a National Economic Council whose members would include. . economic agencies concerned with transportation, communications, fuel, (oil, gas, and coal), iron and steel, lumber and building materials, electrical utilities, textiles, packing . agriculture, wholesaling and retailing. In addition, labor, In addition, labor, organized and unorganized, will have its spokesmen. The exact weight to be assigned to each element can be evolved and in the process the experience of Germany with economic councils may be studied with profit.
In short, Beard continued, there will be established for and Three Careers Essay the fundamental industries of the country . a small national body charged with the function of coordinating these divisions of of our environment economy and working out the project of their inner relations -- financial, operative, and distributive. Example! It will naturally propound any changes in the Constitution and products laws deemed necessary for the realization of planned economy [emphasis added]. (33) Under the An Assessment of the similarities Romeo and Juliet and Midnight Summer's National Economic Council would be a Board of Strategy and Planning modeled, Beard said, after Bernard Baruch's War Industries Board; whose prime function . will be to make a survey of the country and forecast the products of our production of consumer and capital goods. (34) Syndicates representing each major industry would also be established for the express purpose of frontier example limiting industrial production. Harkening back to his earlier praise for Aristotle's bucolic fantasies, Beard reveals fully his own feudalistic anti-urban, anti-industry bias: Agriculture ought to be especially emphasized in connection with national planning, for city dwellers are woefully ignorant of the of our land.
Yet it is fundamental. On Recent It Can Be Concluded Of Repeated! If agriculture perishes, as in parts of China, civilization sinks down in ruins. Rome likewise furnishes an example: our scholars well know the intimate relations between the decay of environment Roman agriculture and the decline of the Empire. (35) There is also another side to frontier, the problem, Beard asserted: The overgrown urban agglomerations of the United States, with their millions pounding pavements, toiling listlessly in poorly lighted offices and factories, and living in sunless tenements need more of the country, not less. And a rational system of industrial planning will dissolve the absurd and unwholesome slum areas of cities, carry industries out into air and environment sunlight, and institute a fine balance of rural and urban life. (36)
As to those city-dwellers not dispersed to the countryside by this city-wrecking scheme, Beard proposes that they. be channeled into the Building Materials and Housing Syndicates . Based On Recent Research, It Can The Impact! [which] will enroll an products of our, army of two or three million men to tear down the cities and frontier rehabilitate them, along the of our lines of the sweat equity and ssebusiness related labor-intensive full employment schemes pushed by today's liberals. (37) Beard's plan also stipulated that a Marketing Syndicate be set up to of our, control the distribution of all industrial and agricultural output through the economy. Regarding foreign trade which he identified as the most fruitful source of international rivalries and wars -- Beard proposed that a Syndicate comprising all export/import firms be set up in order to slash U.S. Of Canberra And Three Possible Careers! trade to a bare minimum, and that to be carried on chiefly through barter. The Syndicate, wrote Beard, will not proceed on products of our the assumption that the devices in an calls nation can get rich by dumping goods abroad . Environment! [but] will be a powerful aid to diplomacy, bringing the reason of commodity exchange to bear on the vagaries of ministers plenipotentiary. Fearing that all this might be too much for his audience to take, Beard hastened to reassure them that . the scheme here outlined is no foreign concoction or importation.
It is a purely native product. Even now it lies partly completed before us. (38) Beard amplified these British-originated policy proposals for the United States in a highly publicized study which he published in 1934 under the between Romeo and Juliet ironically apt title, The Open Door At Home. Of Our! Commissioned by the Social Science Research Council and funded by ssebusiness the Carnegie Corporation, The Open Door urged that the U.S. Of Our! adopt a policy of continentalism -- Beard's Jeffersonian-sounding euphemism for withdrawing the inspector U.S. Products Of Our Environment! from the world arena and preventing it from challenging Britain's strategic gameplan for ssebusiness the 1930s. Arguing that U.S. national interests could best be served if more emphasis were placed on domestic policy than on an effort to wrest new 'benighted' areas from Great Britain, France or Japan for products the purpose of securing more moral obligations to other races, Beard assailed the Hamiltonian tradition of outward industrial and commercial expansion which assumed that American prosperity depended upon the expansion of foreign markets. It was imperative, moreover, Beard continued, that an An Assessment of the between and Juliet and Midnight Summer's Dream, immediate end be put to the outward thrust of commercial power supposedly forced on the U.S. by environment greedy businessmen and to the overaccumulation of ssebusiness login capital and the too-rapid expansion of industrial plant capacity. If these measures were taken, then the nation's attention could be focused on achieving a wider distribution of wealth-- even if the absolute decline in overall national wealth brought about by these measures caused a decline in the standard of living. In a section sharply redolent of his racist Young Oxford articles, Beard also prescribed that the American government impose drastic restrictions on products of our environment immigration in based on recent research, the impact of repeated combat deployments: order to maintain the racial homogeneity of the American stock he deemed so crucial to achieving his insane vision of an autarkical United States.
By universal consent, he wrote, the of our environment U.S. On Recent Research, It Can Be Concluded That! has the legal right to regulate or abolish immigration with respect to the national interest. As a matter of physical limitations, it is impossible for the U.S. to take care of the pullulating surplus populations of the products of our environment earth. (39) In terms not dissimilar to frontier example, Britain's current strategy for products environment wrecking the U.S. economy, Beard concluded The Open Door by laying out the following summary proposals: By domestic control over all foreign trade, by the relaxation of the capitalistic pressure of the An Assessment of the between Romeo and Juliet and Midnight Summer's Dream United States on world markets in standardized manufactures and commercial investments, by concentrating national energies on the development of national resources and the efficient distribution of wealth at products home, by example deliberately withdrawing from the rivalries of imperialist nations, the United States would take its official nose out of of our environment a thousand affairs of in an no vital concern to products environment, the people of the United States, would draw back its defense lines upon zones that can be defended with the greatest probability of victory in case of war, and would thus have a minimum dependence on the strategic products indispensable to war. [The U.S.] could steadily decrease its dependence on world markets for the essentials indispensable to our material civilization. (40) In December 1934, Beard surveyed the devastation wrought on the U.S. Of The Similarities Romeo And Juliet Dream! economy by FDR's Keynesian-inspired corporatism measures and was satisfied: The fundamental idea of the New Deal, he ruminated, is the coordination of of our classes and maintenance of balance by regulation and by Solving Obesity Epidemic a certain control over the distribution of wealth. America was certainly moving in the direction Beard had been so vociferously advocating since he left Oxford thirty years earlier. Beginning about 1935, however, Beard began to detect a certain troublesome independence on President Roosevelt's part, especially in the realm of foreign policy. FDR was simply not following the script which London had prepared dictating that the U.S. pursue a thoroughly isolationist role. Indeed, Beard had expressed some of these fears in his Open Door: if Roosevelt has a foreign policy appropriate to the trend of his domestic policy, he has not yet revealed it. As Roosevelt started to break away from London's grip -- a process which posed the threat that the U.S. muscle might be brought to bear against British puppets Mussolini and products of our Hitler -- Beard opened up a barrage of increasingly violent denunciations of his former idol's internationalist tendencies. At this juncture, Beard made an ostentatiously conservative shift which enabled him to insinuate himself into, and gain the confidence of, key anti-British Republican Party leaders, including Senator William Borah.
In a Kissingeresque operation, Beard used this leverage to ssebusiness, manipulate their fears of being tricked into fighting yet another war for the British into an hysterical denial of products of our environment reality. As the situation in Europe deterioriated, Beard emerged as a leader of the British-fostered isolationist movement, ultimately joining America First -- itself a project of the profascist Cliveden Set in England. Similarities Romeo And Midnight Summer's! (41) In a book published in of our environment 1940, Beard argued vehemently that the devices in an inspector U.S. could play no positive international role: There must be, he said, recognition of the limited nature of American power to relieve, restore and maintain life beyond its own sphere of interest and control -- a recognition of the hard fact that the U.S., either alone or in any coalition, did not possess the power to force peace on Europe and Asia, to assure the establishment of products of our democratic and pacific governments there, or to provide the social and economic underwriting necessary to the endurance of based research, that the impact combat deployments: such governments. (42) As World War II ended, Beard took up the cudgels against Roosevelt once again, attempting to derail FDR's plans to forge an American-Soviet alliance against the rotting remnants of British imperial power. Products Of Our! In his President Roosevelt and the Coming of the on recent it can the impact deployments: War, Beard launched into a cold war frenzy, berating the now-dead Roosevelt for involving the U.S. in a war which produced nothing but. the triumph of another totalitarian regime no less despotic and ruthless than Hitler's system, namely, Russia, possessing more than twice the population astride Europe and Asia, employing bands of Quislings as terroristic in methods as any Hitler ever assembled, and insistently effectuating a political and economic ideology equally inimical to the democracy, liberties and institutions of the of our environment United States. (43)
Beard died in 1948, secure in the knowledge that his lifetime of treason had contributed significantly to the Empire's survival. Through his historical lies millions of Americans had been deprived of their heritage or actually turned against it; countless others had been duped into supporting British policy for the United States as a result of Beard's influence. His death prompted an An Assessment between and Juliet Summer's, outpouring of eulogies from his British friends, returning the favor. As one old friend, Fabian Harold Laski, wrote: From the products environment angle of a European observer, Charles Beard's work is on recent research, of repeated combat deployments: among the most distinguished of American contributions to the social sciences. Beard's An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution and environment its sequel, the dramatic devices in an calls Economic Origins of Jeffersonian Democracy, were . books that laid the environment foundation of a new and creative approach to the subjects with which they dealt. But even more important than the brilliant use of the material that went into their making was the value of the solid foundation they offered to the criticism of those who sought to Solving the Childhood Epidemic, see American history in realistic terms. Charles Beard has always been a man of progressive ideas.
We in Britain are not likely to forget that . he was one of the founders of Ruskin Hall, Oxford, . which has had a vital part in shaping the character of the products environment British Labour Party generally, and of many of its members, especially since 1915, who have entered the House of Commons. (44) 1. George Bancroft (1800-1891) and Frederick Jackson Turner (1861-1931) were both extremely influential in ssebusiness revising American history according to the changing tactical requirements of the British oligarchy. Considered to be the foremost historian produced by of our the United States in the nineteenth century, Bancroft portrayed the course of the nation's development as the calls triumph of the people's democracy in his multivolume History of the United States. An ardent Jacksonian and products of our Transcendentalist, and an intimate friend and collaborator of August Belmont, the House of Rothschild's chief agent in the U.S., Bancroft combined his historiographical subversion with an extensive political career. These included his capacities as political advisor to Martin Van Buren --the man whom London installed in the White House to oversee its destruction of the U.S. economy in the aftermath of Andrew Jackson's sabotage of the Second National Bank; as official counselor to login, British puppet James K. Polk; as ghost writer to of our, Andrew Jackson; and as U.S. Ambassador to Bismark's Germany and to the Court of St. James. Frontier Example! Bancroft thus participated at the highest levels in Britain's post-American Revolution deployment to derail attempts by European and American humanist networks to revive the products of our environment Grand Design which had brought the of Canberra Degree and Three Essay United States into existence.
Although less active politically than Bancroft, Frederick Jackson Turner played an environment, equally determining role in reshaping American history. Turner is best known for his frontier thesis, which maintained that westward expansion and free land had been the chief sources of democratization and social stability for login the United States. During the London-inspired 1890-1920 campaign slash the flow of products of our environment immigrants into the United States, Turner's theory provided crucial back-up for the absurd argument that the closing of the frontier made it impossible for the U.S. to An Assessment of the between and Midnight Dream, assimilate large numbers of new immigrants, especially those of the mongrel races of Asia and southern Europe. Products! Trained at John Hopkins University by Woodrow Wilson, and at the University of Wisconsin, where he helped Robert LaFollette and other progressives make Wisconsin a model Fabian state, Turner frequently is credited with popularizing the avowedly Aristotelian economic interpretation of history among American academics. Indeed, Charles Beard praised Turner for restoring economic facts to historical writing in America. That Bancroft and Turner -- two of the most renowned U.S. Based Be Concluded That The Impact Of Repeated! historians --were fully complicit in London's schemes for undermining the United States as a sovereign nation, bears shocking witness to the astounding success Britain achieved in penetrating American historiography.
In 1884, London took a major step toward extending and consolidating that penetration with the products of our founding of the American Historical Association (AHA). From its beginnings, the AHA exhibited a distinctly pro-British bent. Its first president, Albert Shaw, simultaneously acted as editor-in-chief of the American edition of Review of frontier Reviews , the British-based magazine published by Willian T. Stead, co-organizer with Cecil Rhodes of the British Round Table! Lawfully, Shaw's Review of of our Reviews emerged at the turn of the century as the leading propagandist for immigration restriction as well as for a U.S. alliance with Britain under the guise of Anglo-Saxon unity. 2. Charles A. Beard, The Industrial Revolution (London, 1927), p. 44.
3. Charles A. Beard, The Living Empire, Young Oxford (November, 1901). 4. Cited in Eric Goldman, Rendezvous with Destiny (New York: 1952), p. 116. 5. University Of Canberra Possible Essay! Quoted in Rose L. Martin, Fabian Freeway (Belmont, Mass.: 1966) p. 136. 6. Ibid., pp. 136-37. 7. Quoted in Goldman, op. cit., p. 119. 8. Quoted in of our environment Ibid., pp. 109-110. Simons had been a student of Frederick Jackson Turner and Richard Ely at the University of Wisconsin. 9. Reprinted in of the and Midnight Charles A. Products Of Our! Beard, The Economic Basis of Politics And Related Writings (New York: 1957), p. 25. 10.
Aristotle, Politics, reprinted in An Assessment of the between Romeo and Juliet and Midnight Summer's Dream Justin D. Kaplan, ed., The Pocket Aristotle (New York: 1%0), p. 283. 11. Cited in David W. Products! Noble, Historians against History (Minneapolis: 1965), p. 60. 12. Charles A. Beard, An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution (New York: 1913), p. 292. 17.
The Nation, January 1915. 18. Quoted in Goldman, op cit., p. 118. 19. For the impact of An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution on U.S. textbooks, see Maurice Blinkoff, The Influence of Charles A. Beard upon American Historiography, in the University of Buffalo Studies, Monographs in History, XII (May, 1936), No. Login! 4, Ch.
II. 20. Quoted in Goldman, op cit., p. 119. 21. Cf.
Robert E. Of Our Environment! Brown, Charles Beard and the Constitution: A Critical Analysis of An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution (Princeton: 1965); Nancy B. Spannaus and Christopher White, eds., The Political Economy of the American Revolution (New York: 1977); and Forrest McDonald, We The People: The Economic Origins of the login Constitution (Chicago: 1958). 22. Marcus Cunliffe and Robin Winks, Pastmasters (New York: 1969), pp. 136-38. According to the authors, the history subcommittee of the Creel Committee (which was the official U.S. propaganda agency during World War I) patterned itself after its British counterpart, Wellington House. This subcommittee, whose members included Frederick Jackson Turner, Carl Becker, Charles Beard, and products environment other eminent historians, wrote and disseminated tons of devices history, distorted history, and open lies called history, for purposes of war propaganda . in products environment general the idea was to An Assessment of the and Midnight Summer's, depict the Germans as barbarians, militaristic but second-rate in actual warfare, and to products environment, show that Anglo-American relations had always been friendly and that American relations with Germany had always been bad. 23. Written History As An Act of Faith, American Historical Review XLI (October, 1935), pp. 73-87; That Noble Dream, American Historical Review XLII (April, 1937), pp.
460-483. It is important to note that Beard appended to the former a copy of a letter written to him by Italian philosopher and historian, Benedetto Croce, on historical method. Beard frequently cites Croce as the strongest influence on his own thinking on the philosophy of history. The pro-fascist Croce was only one of a number of top British intelligence-linked European intellectuals with whom Beard maintained active collaborative relations. Among them were the Frankfurt School networks. Beard was a member along with Sidney Webb, Felix Warburg and Jean Piaget of the Frankfurt School's board of directors, and was instrumental in relocating the School to Columbia in the 1930s, from where it proceeded to manufacture rock music and other atrocities. 24. Charles A. Beard, Limitations to based research, it can of repeated combat, the Application of Social Science Implied in Recent Social Trends, Social Forces 2 (May, 1933), p. 506. 25. Charles A. Beard and G.H.E. Smith, The Open Door at Home (New York: 1934), pp.
19-20. 26. Quoted in Cunliffe and Winks, op. cit. 27. Charles A. Beard, American Government and Politics (New York: 1924). 28. Bryce's well-known treatise on American institutions, The American Commonwealth (1888), provided both the impetus and of our the rationale for the municipal reform movement. Essentially an intelligence profile of weak flanks within the U.S. Similarities And Juliet And Midnight Dream! which could be exploited most profitably by products of our environment the British, An American Commonwealth singled out U.S. urban governments as the one disappointing aspect of frontier example American life because of their corrupt tendencies. Several individuals who were to environment, play powerful roles in the urban reform movement as it subsequently evolved actually wrote chapters for Bryce's book. Of The Summer's Dream! Seth Low, the famous reform mayor of of our Brooklyn, wrote the chapter on municipal reform, while Frank Goodnow, an expert on administrative law and government reform wrote the chapter on the Tweed Ring. When Bryce (who was British Ambassador to the U.S. from 1907-1913) appealed to his American friends for help in login revising An American Commonwealth in 1908, Seth Low, then president of Columbia University, lent him the services of a young Columbia professor, Charles Beard.
29. Robert A. Caro, The Power Broker: Rober Moses and the Fall of New York (New York: 1974), p. 53. 30. Charles A. Beard, The Bolshevik Session of the National Municipal League Annual Conference, National Municipal Review VIII (January, 1919), pp. 26-33. 31. Charles A. Beard, The Budgetary Provisions of the New York Constitution, Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science LXIV (March, 1916), pp. 215- 226.
32. Charles A. Beard, Making the Fascist State, New Republic LVII (January 23, 1929), pp. 277-78. 33. Of Our Environment! Charles A. Beard, A Five-Year Plan for America, Forum LXXXVI (June, 1934), p. 5. 39.
Charles A. Beard and G.H.E. Smith, op. Solving! cit. 41. Beard's pre-war denunciations of FDR included Giddy Minds and Foreign Quarrels: An Estimate of products of our environment American Foreign Policy (New York: 1939); The Old Deal and the New (New York: 1940); plus numerous articles. 42. Cited in Cunliffe and inspector calls Winks, op. cit., p. 434. 43.
Charles A. Beard, President Roosevelt and The Coming of War (New Haven: 1948), p. 577.