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How to Write a Bibliography Examples in MLA Style. Please note, all entries should be typed double-spaced. In order to keep this Web page short,single rather than double space is used here. See Bibliography Sample Page for a properly double-spaced Bibliography or Works Cited sample page. Examples cited on this page are based on the authoritative publication from rumusan kaum di malaysia MLA. Niche Market Definition. If the example you want is not included here, please consult the MLA Handbook, or ask the writer to look it up for you. Format for entries: A single space is used after any punctuation mark.
When dividing a long word or URL onto two lines, put hyphen, slash, or period at the end of the line. Do not add a hyphen to a URL that was not originally there. Never begin a new line with a punctuation mark. Double-space all lines in a bibliography entry. Do not indent the first line of rumusan di malaysia a bibliography entry, indent second and subsequent lines 5 spaces, or 1/2? (1.25 cm) from the left margin. Please see Chapter 11. Guidelines on How to Write a Bibliography for details. When writing a bibliography, remember that the purpose is to communicate to the reader, in a standardized manner, the niche market definition, sources that you have used in sufficient detail to be identified. Perpaduan. If you are unable to apa format essays find all the necessary information, just cite what you can find.
Click here to see a selection of Common Abbreviations used in documentation. For a complete list of Common Scholarly Abbreviations used in parentheses, tables, and documentation, please go to rumusan kaum Section 7.4 of the which statements of the, 6th edition of the MLA Handbook. Bell, Stewart. The Martyrs Oath: The Apprenticeship of a Homegrown Terrorist . Mississauga, ON: Wiley, 2005. Biale, David, ed. Cultures of the Jews: A New History . New York: Schocken, 2002. Bowker, Michael.
Fatal Deception: The Untold Story of Asbestos: Why It Is Still Legal. and Still Killing Us . N.p.: Rodale, 2003. N.p. = No place of publication indicated. Capodiferro, Alessandra, ed. Wonders of the World: Masterpieces of Architecture from. 4000 BC to the Present . Vercelli: White Star, 2004. Cross, Charles R. Room Full of Mirrors: A Biography of Jimi Hendrix . New York: Maltin, Leonard, ed.
Movie Video Guide 2002 Edition . New York: New American, 2001. Meidenbauer, Jorg, ed. Discoveries and Inventions: From Prehistoric to Modern Times . Lisse: Rebo, 2004. Puzo, Mario. The Family: A Novel . Completed by Carol Gino. New York: Harper, 2001. Rowling, J.K. Rumusan Perpaduan. Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets . New York: Scholastic, 1999.
. Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban . Thorndike, ME: Thorndike, 2000. Suskind, Ron. The Price of love canal Loyalty: George W. Bush, the White House, and the Education of. Paul ONeill . New York: Simon, 2004. If your citation is from one volume of a multivolume work and each volume has its own title, you need cite only the rumusan di malaysia, actual volume you have used without reference to other volumes in the work. Example: The Bourgeois Experience: Victoria to Freud comes in 5 volumes, written by Peter Gay.
(Title of mermaids 123 Vol. 1: Education of the Senses ) Gay, Peter. Education of the Senses . New York: Norton, 1999. (Title of Vol. 2: The Tender Passion) Gay, Peter. The Tender Passion . New York: Oxford UP, 1986. (Title of Vol.
3: The Cultivation of Hatred ) Gay, Peter. The Cultivation of Hatred . London: Harper, 1994. (Title of Vol. 4: The Naked Heart ) Gay, Peter. The Naked Heart . New York: Norton, 1995. (Title of Vol.
5: Pleasure Wars ) Gay, Peter. Pleasure Wars . New York: Norton, 1998. 2. Di Malaysia. Book with two authors or editors: Bohlman, Herbert M., and mermaids 123 Mary Jane Dundas. The Legal, Ethical and rumusan International. Environment of niche market definition Business . Rumusan Perpaduan Di Malaysia. 5th ed. Cincinnati, OH: West, 2002.
Bolman, Lee G., and Terrence E. Of The Following Of The Hypothesis?. Deal. Leading with Soul: An Uncommon Journey. of Spirit . Rev. ed. Rumusan Kaum Di Malaysia. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2001. Calvesi, Maurizio, and Lorenzo Canova, eds. Rejoice! 700 Years of Art for the Papal.
Jubilee . New York: Rizzoli, 1999. Cohen, Andrew, and J.L. Granatstein, eds. Trudeaus Shadow: The Life and Legacy. of Pierre Elliott Trudeau . Toronto: Random, 1998.
Heath, Joseph, and Andrew Potter. Canal Summary. The Rebel Sell: Why the Culture Cant Be Jammed . 2nd ed. Toronto: Harper, 2005. Llewellyn, Marc, and Lee Mylne. Frommers Australia 2005 . Rumusan Perpaduan Kaum Di Malaysia. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2005. Summers, Anthony, and mermaids 123 Robbyn Swan. Sinatra: The Life . Rumusan Perpaduan Di Malaysia. New York: Knopf, 2005. Book prepared for publication by two editors: Shakespeare, William.
The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark . Ed. Barbara A. Mowat and Paul Werstine. New York: Washington. 3. Book with three authors or editors: Clancy, Tom, Carl Stiner, and Tony Koltz. Shadow Warriors: Inside the Special. Forces . New York: Putnam, 2002.
Hewitt, Les, Andrew Hewitt, and Luc dAbadie. The Power of Focus for College. Students . Deerfield Beach, FL: Health Communications, 2005. Larsson, Mans O., Alexander Z. Niche Market. Speier, and Jennifer R. Weiss, eds. Perpaduan. Lets Go: Germany 1998 . New York: St. Martins, 1998. Palmer, R.R., Joel Colton, and elizabeth movie Lloyd Kramer. A History of the Modern World: To 1815 . 9th ed. New York: Knopf, 2002.
Suzuki, David, Amanda McConnell, and Maria DeCambra. The Sacred Balance: A Visual Celebration of Our Place in Nature . Di Malaysia. Vancouver: Greystone, 2002. 4. Book with more than three authors or editors: You have a choice of listing all of the authors or editors in the order as they appear on the title page of the apa format essays, book, or use et al. from the Latin et alii, or et aliae , meaning and others after the first author or editor named. Nelson, Miriam E., Kristin R. Baker, Ronenn Roubenoff, and Lawrence Lindner. Strong Women and perpaduan kaum Men Beat Arthritis . New York: Perigee, 2003. Nelson, Miriam E., et al. Strong Women and Men Beat Arthritis . New York: Hogan, David J., et al., eds. The Holocaust Chronicle: A History in Words and Pictures . Lincolnwood, IL: International, 2000.
Pound, Richard W., Richard Dionne, Jay Myers, and apa format essays James Musson, eds. Canadian. Facts and rumusan Dates . 3rd ed. Union Blockade Berlin. Markham, ON: Fitzhenry, 2005. Pound, Richard W., et al., eds. Canadian Facts and Dates . 3rd ed. Markham, ON:
Rogerson, Holly Deemer, et al. Rumusan. Words for Students of English: A Vocabulary. Series for ESL . Vol. 6. Advanced Level ESL. Pittsburgh, PA: U of Pittsburgh P, 1989.
5. Book with compilers, or compilers and editors: McClay, John B., and Wendy L. Matthews, comps. and eds. Corpus Juris Humorous: A Compilation of Outrageous, Unusual, Infamous and blockade Witty Judicial Opinions. from 1256 A.D. to kaum the Present . Apa Format Essays. New York: Barnes, 1994. OReilly, James, Larry Habegger, and kaum Sean OReilly, comps. and eds. Danger: True Stories of Trouble and elizabeth 1998 Survival . San Francisco: Travellers Tales, 1999. Teresa, Mother. The Joy in Loving: A Guide to Daily Living with Mother Teresa . Comp.
Jaya Chaliha and Edward Le Joly. New York: Viking, 1997. Note abbreviation: comp. = compiler or compiled by. 6. Book with no author or editor stated: Macleans Canadas Century: An Illustrated History of the People and perpaduan kaum Events. That Shaped Our Identity . Toronto: Key, 1999.
Microsoft PowerPoint Version 2002 Step by Step . Redmond, WA: Perspection, 2001. The Movie Book . Mermaids 123. London: Phaidon, 1999. With Scott to rumusan perpaduan di malaysia the Pole: The Terra Nova Expedition 1910-1913 . Photographs of. Herbert Ponting. New York: BCL, 2004. 7. Book with one author, translated by another: Muller, Melissa. Is True Of The. Anne Frank: The Biography . Trans. Rita and Robert Kimber. New York: Metropolitan, 1998.
8. Work in an anthology, a collection by several authors, with one or more editors and/or compilers: Fox, Charles James. Liberty Is Order, Liberty Is Strength. What Is a Man? 3,000 Years of Wisdom on di malaysia, the Art of Manly Virtue. Ed. Waller R. Newell.
New York: Harper, 2001. 306-7. Wilcox, Robert K. Flying Blind. Danger: True Stories of Trouble and Survival . Comp. and ed. James OReilly, Larry Habegger, and Sean OReilly. San Francisco: Travellers Tales, 1999.
211-22. 9. Article in an encyclopedia with no author stated: Nazi Party. New Encyclopaedia Britannica . 1997 ed. Tajikistan. World Book Encyclopedia of essays People and Places . 2000 ed. 10. Article in an encyclopedia with an author: If the encyclopedia is well known and articles are arranged alphabetically, it is not necessary to indicate the volume and page numbers. If the encyclopedia is not well known, you must give full publication information including author, title of rumusan article, title of encyclopedia, name of editor or edition, number of volumes in market definition the set, place of publication, publisher and year of publication. Kibby, Michael W. Dyslexia. World Book Encyclopedia . 2000 ed.
Midge, T. Powwows. Encyclopedia of North American Indians . Ed. Perpaduan Kaum Di Malaysia. D.L. Birchfield. 11 vols. New York: Cavendish, 1997. 11. Article in a magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with no author stated: 100 Years of Dust and Glory. Popular Mechanics Sept. 2001: 70-75. Celestica to Repair Palm Handhelds. Globe and Mail [Toronto] 29 Oct.
2002: B6. E-Money Slips Quietly into Oblivion. Nikkei Weekly [Tokyo] 22 Jan. 2001: 4. McDonalds Declines to Fund Obesity Education on Danger of Eating Its Food. National Post [Toronto] 18 Apr. 2006: FP18. Pot Use Doubled in Decade, Study Says: 14% Smoked Up in the Past Year. Toronto Star.
25 Nov. 2004: A18. Secondhand Smoke Reduces Kids IQs. Buffalo News 23 Jan. 2005: I6. 12. Article in a magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with one or more authors: Use + for pages that are not consecutive. Example: When numbering pages, use 38-45 if page numbers are consecutive. Use A1+ if article begins on page A1, contains more than one page, but paging is not consecutive. For page numbers consisting of more than 3 digits, use short version if it is clear to the reader, e.g.
220-268 may be written as 220-68, but 349-560 must be written in full. Note also that there is no period after the month. Movie. The period in Mar. is for the abbreviation of rumusan di malaysia March. If there are 4 or less letters in elizabeth the month, e.g. May, June, and July, the months are not abbreviated. Rumusan Perpaduan Di Malaysia. If the mermaids 123, publication date is July 18, 2005, citation will be 18 July 2005. Where a journal or magazine is a weekly publication, date, month, year are required.
Where a journal or magazine is a monthly publication, only month, year are needed. Where a newspaper title does not indicate the location of publication, add the city of publication between square brackets, e.g. Daily Telegraph [London]. Square brackets are used to perpaduan enclose a word (or words) not found in the original but has been added by you. An article in a scholarly journal is treated somewhat differently:
Nielsen, Laura Beth. Subtle, Pervasive, Harmful: Racist and Sexist Remarks in. Public as Hate Speech. Journal of which is true frustration-aggression hypothesis? Social Issues 58.2 (2002): 265. The above citation shows: Authors name, Article title, Name of perpaduan di malaysia scholarly journal (underlined), Volume number, Issue number, Year of publication (in parentheses), and Page number. If the article is accessed online, add Access date and URL at love canal summary the end, see 23. Rumusan Kaum Di Malaysia. Internet citations, or citing electronic sources (e). Bogomolny, Laura. Boss Your Career. Canadian Business 13-16 Mar. 2006: 47-49. Cave, Andrew. Microsoft and niche Sun Settle Java Battle. Daily Telegraph [London]
Cohen, Stephen S., and J. Bradford DeLong. Shaken and Stirred. Atlantic Monthly. Jan.-Feb. 2005: 112+. Coleman, Isobel. Women, Islam, and the New Iraq. Foreign Affairs Jan.-Feb. 2006: 24+. Daly, Rita. Bird Flu Targeting the Young. Toronto Star 11 Mar. 2006: A1+. Dareini, Ali Akbar. Iranian President Defends Countrys Nuclear Ambitions. Buffalo News.
Hewitt, Ben. Quick Fixes for Everyday Disasters. Popular Mechanics Nov. 2004: 83-88. Johnson, Linda A. Di Malaysia. Fight Flu with Good, Old Advice from Mom. Buffalo News. 10 Oct. 2004: A1-2. Mather, Victoria. In Tiger Country. Photos by James Merrell. Town Country Travel. Fall 2004: 102-111. Mohanty, Subhanjoy, and Ray Jayawardhana. The Mystery of love canal Brown Dwarf Origins. Scientific American Jan.
2006: 38-45. Petroski, Henry. Framing Hypothesis: A Cautionary Tale. American Scientist Jan.-Feb. Plungis, Jeff, Ed Garsten, and Mark Truby. Rumusan Perpaduan Di Malaysia. Caremakers Challenge: Green, Mean. Machines. Detroit News and Free Press Metro ed. 12 Jan.
2003: 1A+. Sachs, Jeffrey D. A Practical Plan to End Extreme Poverty. Buffalo News 23 Jan. 2005: I2. Saletan, William. Junk-Food Jihad. National Post [Toronto] 18 Apr. 2006: A18. Thomas, Cathy Booth, and of the following statements is true of the frustration-aggression hypothesis? Tim Padgett. Life Among the Ruins. Time 19 Sept. 2005: 28+. Wolanski, Eric, Robert Richmond, Laurence McCook, and Hugh Sweatman. Mud,
Marine Snow and Coral Reefs. American Scientist Jan.-Feb. 2003: 44-51. Wolanski, Eric, et al. Mud, Marine Snow and Coral Reefs. American Scientist. Jan.-Feb. 2003: 44-51. 13. Article from SIRS (Social Issues Resources Series): Suggested citation example from SIRS: Bluestone, Barry, and Irving Bluestone. Workers (and Managers) of the World Unite. Technology Review Nov.-Dec. 1992: 30-40.
Reprinted in WORK . (Boca Raton, FL: Social Issues Resource Series, 1992), Article No. 20. Bluestone, Barry, and Irving Bluestone. Workers (and Managers) of the World Unite. Technology Review Nov.-Dec. 1992: 30-40. Work . Ed. Eleanor Goldstein. Rumusan Perpaduan Di Malaysia. Vol. 5.
Boca Raton: SIRS, 1992. Art. 20. Put in square brackets [ ] important information you have added that is not found in the source cited. Build-a-Bear. Advertisement. 7 Feb. 2005 http://www.buildabear.com/shop/default.aspx.
GEICO. Advertisement. Newsweek 16 Jan. 2006: 92. IBM. Advertisement. Globe and why did union berlin Mail [Toronto] . 29 Oct. 2002: B7. Toyota. Advertisement. Atlantic Monthly . Jan.-Feb. 2005: 27-30. 15.
Booklet, pamphlet, or brochure with no author stated: Diabetes Care: Blood Glucose Monitoring . Burnaby, BC: LifeScan Canada, 1997. 16. Perpaduan Kaum. Booklet, pamphlet, or brochure with an author: Zimmer, Henry B. Canal Summary. Canplan: Your Canadian Financial Planning Software . Calgary, AB: May use short forms: Rev. (Review), Ed. (Edition, Editor, or Edited), Comp. (Compiled, Compiler).
Creager, Angela N.H. Rumusan Kaum. Crystallizing a Life in Science. Rev. of Rosalind Franklin: The. Dark Lady of DNA , by Brenda Maddox. American Scientist Jan.-Feb. Full. 2003: 64-66. Dillon, Brenda. Hanas Suitcase. Rev. of Hanas Suitcase , by Karen Levine. Professionally Speaking June 2003: 36. Foley, Margaret. Di Malaysia. Measured Deception. Rev. of The Measure of All Things: The. Seven-Year Odyssey and 1998 movie Hidden Error That Transformed the World, by Ken Alder. Discover Nov. 2002: 77.
Groskop, Viv. Chinese Torture at Five. Rev. of The Binding Chair, by Kathryn. Harrison. International Express 6 June 2000, Canadian ed.: 37. Hoffman, Michael J. Hucks Ironic Circle. Rev. of The Adventures of Huckleberry. Finn , by Mark Twain. Modern Critical Interpretations of Mark Twains. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, ed.
Harold Bloom. New York: Chelsea, Iragui, Vicente. Rumusan Kaum Di Malaysia. Rev. of Injured Brains of of the following is true of the hypothesis? Medical Minds: Views from Within , comp. and ed. Narinder Kapur. New England Journal of rumusan Medicine 26 Feb. Which Statements Hypothesis?. 1998: Neier, Aryeh. Hero. Rev. of Defending Human Rights in Russia: Sergei Kovalyov,
Dissident and Human Rights Commissioner, 1969-2003 , by Emma Gilligan. New York Review of Books 13 Jan. 2005: 30-33. Onstad, Katrina. A Life of Pain and Paint. Rev. of Frida , dir. Julie Taymor. National.
Post [Toronto] 1 Nov. 2002: PM1+. Redekop, Magdalene. The Importance of Being Mennonite. Rev. of A Complicated. Kindness, by Miriam Toews. Literary Review of Canada Oct. Rumusan Perpaduan. 2004: 19-20. Simic, Charles. The Image Hunter. Rev. of Joseph Cornell: Master of Dreams , by. Diane Waldman. Niche. New York Review 24 Oct. 2002: 14+. 18.
CD-ROM, DVD: See also 35. Tape Recording: Cassette, Movie/Film on VHS or DVD (Digital Videodisc), Videocassette, Filmstrip. A Place in the Sun . Di Malaysia. Dir. George Stevens. Apa Format. 1951. DVD. Paramount, 2001 . Encarta 2004 Reference Library . CD-ROM. Microsoft, 2003 . Encarta 2004 Reference Library Win32 . Educ. ed.
DVD. Microsoft, 2003. LeBlanc, Susan, and Cameron MacKeen. Racism and the Landfill. Chronicle-Herald. 7 Mar. Rumusan Perpaduan. 1992: B1. CD-ROM. SIRS 1993 Ethnic Groups. Vol. 4. Art. Canal Summary. 42. Links 2003: Championship Courses . CD-ROM.
Microsoft Game Studios, 2002. YellowPages.city: Toronto-Central West Edition , 1998. Rumusan Di Malaysia. CD-ROM. Montreal: 19. Computer service e.g. Definition. BRS, DIALOG, MEAD, etc.: Landler, Mark. Can U.S. Companies Even Get a Bonjour? New York Times , Late Ed. Final Ed., 1. 2 Oct. 1995. DIALOG File 472, item 03072065.
When citing a definition from rumusan a dictionary, add the the soviet union, abbreviation Def. after the perpaduan kaum, word. If the word has several different definitions, state the number and/or letter as indicated in the dictionary. Mug. Def. 2. The New Lexicon Websters Encyclopedic Dictionary of the. English Language . Canadian ed.
1988. Short forms may be used, e.g. dir. (directed by), narr. (narrated by), perf. (performers), prod. (produced by), writ. (written by). A minimal entry should include title, director, distributor, and year of elizabeth release. May add other information as deemed pertinent between the title and the distributor. If citing a particular person involved in the film or movie, begin with name of rumusan perpaduan di malaysia that person.
Charlie and the Chocolate Factory . Dir. Tim Burton. Based on book by Roald Dahl. Perf. Johnny Depp. Warner, 2005. Depp, Johnny, perf. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory . Dir. Tim Burton.
Based on book. by Roald Dahl. Warner, 2005. Burton, Tim, dir. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory . Based on book by Roald Dahl. Perf. Johnny Depp. Warner, 2005. Monster-in-Law . Dir.
Robert Luketic. Writ. The Soviet Berlin. Anya Kochoff. Prod. Paula Weinstein, Chris Bender, and J.C. Spink. Rumusan Kaum. Perf. Niche Definition. Jennifer Lopez and Jane Fonda. New Line, 2005. Nanny McPhee . Dir. Kirk Jones. Based on Nurse Matilda Books Writ.
Christianna. Brand. Prod. Lindsay Doran, Tim Bevan, and Eric Fellner. Perf. Emma Thompson, Colin Firth, and Angela Lansbury. Universal, 2005. One Hour Photo . Writ. and dir. Perpaduan Kaum Di Malaysia. Mark Romanek. Prod.
Christine Vachon, Pam Koffler, and Stan Wlodkowski. Perf. Robin Williams. Fox Searchlight, 2002. Titanic . Dir., writ., prod., ed. James Cameron. Prod. Jon Landau. Twentieth.
Century Fox and Paramount, 1997. The Tuxedo . Dir. Kevin Donovan. Prod. Mermaids 123. John H. Williams, and Adam Schroeder. Perf. Jackie Chan and Jennifer Love Hewitt. DreamWorks, 2002. Cite government document in the following order if no author is stated: 1) Government, 2) Agency, 3) Title of publication , underlined, 4) Place of publication, 5) Publisher, 6) Date. Canada. Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development.
Gathering Strength: Canadas Aboriginal Action Plan . Ottawa: Minister of Public Works and. Government Services Canada, 2000. United States. Rumusan Di Malaysia. National Council on Disability. Carrying on the Good Fight Summary Paper from Think Tank 2000 Advancing the Civil and Human. Rights of People with Disabilities from essays Diverse Cultures . Washington: Note: GPO = Government Printing Office in Washington, DC which publishes most of the U.S. Rumusan Di Malaysia. federal government documents. In citing a Congressional Record, abbreviate and underline the term, skip all the details and why did union indicate only the rumusan perpaduan, date and niche market page numbers. Example for the following record: United States.
Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 . PL 104-193. Congressional Record. Washington: GPO, July 31, 1996. Cong. Rec . 31 July 1996: 104-193. For examples on how to cite more complicated government documents, please see Section 5.6.21 in MLA Handbook for Writers of perpaduan Research Papers, 6th ed. 23. Niche Market Definition. Internet citations, or citing electronic sources: Basic components of an rumusan di malaysia, Internet citation:
2) Title of Article, Web page or site in of the following frustration-aggression quotation marks. 3) Title of Magazine, Journal, Newspaper, Newsletter, Book, Encyclopedia, or Project , underlined. 5) Indicate type of material, e.g. advertisement, cartoon, clipart, electronic card, interview, map, online posting, photograph, working paper, etc. if not obvious. 6) Date of article, of Web page or site creation, revision, posting, last update, or date last modified. 7) Group, association, name of rumusan perpaduan kaum forum, sponsor responsible for full movie Web page or Web site. 8) Access date (the date you accessed the Web page or site). 9) Complete Uniform Resource Locator (URL) or network address in rumusan perpaduan angle brackets. Note: An exception is made in referencing a personal e-mail message where an individuals e-mail address is omitted for privacy reasons. Skip any information that you cannot find anywhere on the Web page or in the Web site, and carry on, e.g. if your Internet reference has no author stated, leave out the author and begin your citation with the title.
Always put your access date just before the URL which is placed between angle brackets or less than and greater than signs at the end of the citation. Generally, a minimum of three items are required for an Internet citation: Title, Access Date, and URL. If the URL is too long for a line, divide the address where it creates the least ambiguity and confusion, e.g. Apa Format Essays. do not divide a domain name and rumusan perpaduan kaum end with a period such as geocities . Do not divide a term in the URL that is made up of combined words e.g. SchoolHouseRock . Love Canal Summary. Never add a hyphen at the end of the line to indicate syllabical word division unless the hyphen is actually found in the original URL. Copy capital letters exactly as they appear, do not change them to rumusan kaum lower case letters as they may be case sensitive and be treated differently by some browsers. Remember that the purpose of indicating the URL is for readers to be able to access the Web page. Accuracy and clarity are essential. a. Apa Format. Internet citation for an advertisement: IBM.
Advertisement. 23 Mar. 2003 http://www.bharatiyahockey.org/2000Olympics/ TheraTears. Advertisement. 2003. 8 May 2004 http://www.theratears.com/dryeye.htm. b. Internet citation for an article from an kaum, online database (e.g. SIRS, eLibrary), study guide, magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, newspaper, online library subscription database service, or an article in PDF with one or more authors stated:
Bezlova, Antoaneta. China to elizabeth Formalize One-Child Policy. Asia Times Online . 24 May 2001. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.atimes.com/china/CE24Ad02.html. Clifford, Erin. Review of Neuropsychology. SparkNotes . 10 Oct. 2005.
Machado, Victoria, and George Kourakos. IT Offshore Outsourcing Practices in Canada . Rumusan. Ottawa: Public Policy Forum, 2004. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.ppforum.com/ow/it_outsourcing.pdf. Marshall, Leon. Mandela in Retirement: Peacemaker without Rest. 9 Feb. Canal. 2001. National Geographic 10 Oct.
2005 http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/ Thomason, Larisa. HTML Tip: Why Valid Code Matters. Webmaster Tips. Newsletter . Dec. 2003. NetMechanic. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.netmechanic.com/ If using an online library subscription database service, add the rumusan perpaduan di malaysia, name of the service, the name of the library or library system, plus the canal, location of the library where the database is accessed, e.g.: Gearan, Anne. Rumusan Di Malaysia. Justice Dept: Gun Rights Protected. Washington Post . Love Summary. 8 May 2002.
SIRS. Iona Catholic Secondary School, Mississauga, ON. 23 Apr. 2004. Note: 8 May 2002 = date of publication, 23 Apr. 2004 = date of access. Indicate page numbers after publication date if available, e.g. 8 May 2002: 12-14. Leave out page numbers if not indicated in source. Pahl, Greg. Heat Your Home with Biodiesel.
Mother Earth News . 12 Jan. 2003. eLibrary Canada. Twin Lakes Secondary School, Orillia, ON. 10 Apr. Rumusan Kaum Di Malaysia. 2006. Note: If citing the above source but information is obtained from accessing eLibrary at home, leave out the location of the school. Pahl, Greg. Heat Your Home with Biodiesel. Mother Earth News . 12 Jan. 2003. eLibrary Canada.
10 Apr. 2006. http://www.proquestk12.com. c. Internet citation for an article from an online encyclopedia: Duiker, William J. Ho Chi Minh. Encarta Online Encyclopedia . 2005. Microsoft. 10 Oct. 2005. Ho Chi Minh. Encyclop?dia Britannica . 2005. Encyclop?dia Britannica Premium Service.
9 Oct. 2005 http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9040629. Royal Shakespeare Company (RSC). Britannica Concise Encyclopedia . The Soviet Union Blockade Berlin. 2005. Encyclop?dia Britannica. 8 Oct. 2005 http://concise.britannica.com/ebc/article?eu=402567. d. Internet citation for an article from an online magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with no author stated: Childcare Industry Should Welcome Men. BBC News Online: Education .7 June 2003. 10 Oct.
2005 http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/low/education/2971310.stm. Taiwan: A Dragon Economy and the Abacus. BrookesNews.Com . 8 Dec. 2003. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.brookesnews.com/030812taiwan.html. e. Perpaduan Kaum Di Malaysia. Internet citation for an article in niche market definition a scholarly journal: Nielsen, Laura Beth. Rumusan Perpaduan Kaum. Subtle, Pervasive, Harmful: Racist and Sexist Remarks in. Public as Hate Speech. Journal of Social Issues 58.2 (2002), 265-280. 7 June 2003. f. Internet citation for a cartoon, chart, clipart, comics, interview, map, painting, photo, sculpture, sound clip, etc.: Islamic State of Afghanistan: Political Map. Map. Atlapedia Online . 1993-2003.
Latimer Clarke. 7 June 2003 http://www.atlapedia.com/online/maps/ Kersten, Rick, and canal Pete Kersten. Congratulations! Electronic card. Blue Mountain Arts . 2000. 7 June 2003 http://www.bluemountain.com/
Lee , Lawrence. Interview. JournalismJobs.com . Feb. 2003. 10 Oct. 2005. Schulz, Charles. Rumusan Perpaduan Kaum Di Malaysia. Peanuts Collection Snoopy Cuddling Woodstock. Cartoon. Art.com . 25 Apr. 2004 http://www.art.com/asp/sp.asp?PD=10037710RFID=814547. Woodhull, Victoria C. American History 102 Photo Gallery.
1997. Statements Is True Frustration-aggression Hypothesis?. State. Historical Society of rumusan kaum Wisconsin. 10 Oct. 2005 http://us.history.wisc.edu/ g. Internet citation for an e-mail (email) from an individual, a listserve, an organization, or citation for an article forwarded from an online database by definition e-mail: Barr, Susan I. The Creatine Quandry. Bicycling Nov. 1998. EBSCOhost Mailer.
E-mail to E. Rumusan Kaum. Interior. 11 May 2003. Kenrick, John. Re: Link to Musicals101.com. E-mail to 1998 I. Lee. 10 May 2003. NEW THIS WEEK for September 8, 2005. E-mail to author. 8 Sept. 2005.
PicoSearch. Your PicoSearch Account is Reindexed. E-mail to John Smith. h. Internet citation for an online government publication: Canada. Office of the Auditor General of Canada and the Treasury Board. Secretariat. Modernizing Accountability Practices in the Public Sector . 6 Jan. Rumusan. 1998. 10 Oct.
2005 http://www.tbs-sct.gc.ca/rma/account/ United States. National Archives and Records Administration. The Bill of Rights . 29 Jan. 1998. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.archives.gov/exhibit_hall/ i. Internet citation for an online posting, forum, letter to the editor: Kao, Ivy. Keep Spreading the Word. Online posting. 4 June 2003. Love. Reader Responses, Opinion Journal, Wall Street Journal Editorial Page . 10 Oct.
2005. Seaside Harry . My Friend Drove My Car with the Parking Brake On! Online. posting. 10 Oct. 2005. PriusOnline.com Forum Index Prius Technical . 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.priusonline.com/viewtopic.php?t=6298highlight=.
j. Internet citation for perpaduan kaum an online project, an information database, a personal or professional Web site: The MAD Scientist Network . 1995-2001 or 30 Feb. 1906. Washington U. School of Medicine. 10 Oct. 2005. http://www.madsci.org.
OConnor, J.J., and E.F. Robertson. John Wilkins. Feb. 2002. U of St. Andrews, Scotland. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/ Officer, Lawrence H. Exchange Rate between the United States Dollar and Forty. Other Countries, 1913 -1999. Economic History Services, EH.Net, 2002.
13 Apr. Which Following Statements Is True Frustration-aggression Hypothesis?. 2006 http://www.eh.net/hmit/exchangerates/. Savill, R. Richard. Jazz Age Biographies. The Jazz Age Page . 23 Oct. Rumusan Di Malaysia. 2000. 12 Apr. 2006 http://www.btinternet.com/ Sullivan, Danny. Statements Of The Hypothesis?. Search Engine Math. 26 Oct. 2001.
Search Engine Watch . 10 Apr. 2006 http://www.searchenginewatch.com/facts/math.html. Wurmser, Meyrav, and Yotam Feldner. Is Israel Negotiating with the Hamas? Inquiry and di malaysia Analysis No. 16. 23 Mar. 1999. Apa Format Essays. The Middle East Media and.
Research Institute. 10 Oct. Perpaduan. 2005 http://memri.org/bin/articles.cgi? k. Internet citation for a software download: It is not essential to include the love summary, file size.
Do so if preferred by your instructor. RAMeSize . Vers. 1.04. 15K. 24 Sept. 2000. Blue Dice Software. 12 Oct. 2004. l. Internet citation for a speech taken from a published work with an editor: Lincoln, Abraham. The Gettysburg Address. 19 Nov.
1863. The Collected Works of. Abraham Lincoln . Ed. Roy P. Basler. Perpaduan. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers UP, 1955. Abraham Lincoln Online. 10 Oct.
2005 http://showcase.netins.net/ m. Internet citation for which of the following statements is true of the frustration-aggression hypothesis? a work translated and perpaduan edited by another: Augustine, Saint, Bishop of Hippo. Confessions Enchiridion . Trans. and ed. Albert C. Outler. 1955. 1998. Dallas, TX: Southern Methodist U. Digitized 1993. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.ccel.org/a/augustine/confessions/ Blair, Tony. Interview. Rumusan Di Malaysia. Prime Ministers Office.
31 May 2003. 13 Apr. 2006. Chirac, Jacques. Mermaids 123. Interview. Time 16 Feb. 2003. Rumusan Kaum Di Malaysia. 10 Oct. Definition. 2005. Longin, Hellmut. Telephone interview. 3 May 2006. Neilsen, Jerry. E-mail interview. 28 Apr. 2006. Wyse, Randall. Personal interview. 24 July 2005.
State name of rumusan di malaysia speaker, title of lecture in quotes, conference, convention or sponsoring organization if known, location, date. Bradley, Vicki. Market. Marriage. Agnes Arnold Hall, U of Houston. 15 Mar. 2003. Wilson-Smith, Anthony. Hello, He Must Be Going. Editorial.
Macleans 26 Aug. 2002: 4. Lange, Rick. U.N. Di Malaysia. Has Become Ineffective and Ought to Be Disbanded. Letter. Buffalo. News 23 Jan. 2005: I5. Woods, Brede M. Mermaids 123. Letter. Newsweek 23 Sept. 2002: 16. Kolbert, Elizabeth. Six Billion Short: How Will the Mayor Make Ends Meet? Letter.
New Yorker 13 Jan. 2003: 33-37. Geens, Jennifer. Reply to letter of rumusan kaum Bill Clark. Toronto Star 29 Sept. 2002: A1. A letter you received from John Smith: Smith, John. Letter to the author. 15 June 2005.
Twain, Mark. Banned in Concord. Letter to Charles L. Webster. 18 Mar. 1885. Letter 850318 of Mark Twain . Ed. Jim Zwick. 2005. 10 Oct. 2005.
Treat citation as if it is a book with no author stated. Indicate if the citation is for a chart or a map. 2004 Andex Chart . Chart. Windsor, ON: Andex, 2004. Canada . Map. Ottawa: Canadian Geographic, 2003. Dallas TX. Map.
2005 Road Atlas: USA, Canada, Mexico . Greenville, SC: Michelin, 2005. Components: 1) Name of composer. 2) Title of summary ballet, music or opera, underlined, 3) Form, number and key not underlined. Beethoven, Ludwig van. Fur Elise.
Strauss, Richard. Traumerei , op. 9, no. 4. Components for a published score, similar to a book citation: 1) Name of composer. 2) Underline title of ballet, music, opera, as well as no. and op., important words capitalized, prepositions and conjunctions in lower case.
3) Date composition written. 4) Place of publication: 5) Publisher, 6) Date of publication. Chopin, Frederic. Mazurka Op. 7, No. 1 . New York: Fischer, 1918. Ledbetter, Huddie, and John Lomax.
Goodnight, Irene . 1936. Rumusan Di Malaysia. New York: Spencer, 1950. Stier, Walter C. Sweet Bye and Bye . London: Paxton, 1953. Weber, Carl Maria von. Invitation to the Dance Op. 65 . 1819. London: Harris, 1933. 29.
Painting, photograph, sculpture, architecture, or other art form. Components for citing original artwork: 1) Name of artist. 2) Title of artwork, underlined. 3) Date artwork created. 4) Museum, gallery, or collection where artwork is housed; indicate name of owner if private collection, 5) City where museum, gallery, or collection is located.
Ashoona, Kiawak. Apa Format Essays. Smiling Family . 1966. McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Brancusi, Constantin. The Kiss . 1909. Rumusan Perpaduan Kaum Di Malaysia. Tomb of T. Union Blockade Berlin. Rachevskaia, Montparnasse. The Great Sphinx . [c. Rumusan Perpaduan Kaum. 2500 BC]. Mermaids 123. Giza. Ingres, Jean-Auguste-Dominique.
Odalisque . Rumusan Kaum Di Malaysia. 1814. Louvre Museum, Paris. Raphael. Love Canal. The School of Athens . 1510-11. Stanza della Segnatura, Vatican Palace, Rude, Francois. Perpaduan Kaum. La Marseillaise . 1833-36. Why Did Union Berlin. Arc de Triomphe, Paris. Components for artwork cited from a book: 1) Name of rumusan perpaduan artist.
2) Underline title of artwork. 3) Date artwork created (if date is uncertain use [c. 1503] meaning [circa 1503] or around the year 1503). 4) Museum, art gallery, or collection where artwork is of the is true of the hypothesis?, house, 5) City where museum, gallery, or collection is located. 6) Title of book used. 7) Author or editor of book. 8) Place of publication: 9) Publisher, 10) Date of publication. 11) Other relevant information, e.g. figure, page, plate, or slide number. Abell, Sam. Japan . 1984.
National Geographic Photographs: The Milestones . By Leah Bendavid-Val, et al. Washington, DC: National Geographic, 1999. Carr, Emily. A Haida Village . [c. 1929].
McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, ON. The McMichael Canadian Art Collection . By Jean Blodgett, et al. Toronto: McGraw, 1989. 134. Kasebier, Gertrude. The Magic Crystal . [c. 1904]. Royal Photographic Society, Bath. A Basic History of Art . By H.W.
Janson and Anthony F. Janson. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice, 1991. 412. Leonardo, da Vinci. Rumusan Perpaduan Di Malaysia. Mona Lisa (La Gioconda) . Blockade Berlin. [c. 1503-5]. Louvre Museum, Paris.
Favorite Old Master Paintings from the Louvre Museum . New York: Abbeville, 1979. Kaum Di Malaysia. 31. Michelangelo. David . 1501-04. Accademia di Belle Arti, Florence. The Great. Masters . By Giorgio Vasari. Trans. Canal Summary. Gaston Du C. de Vere.
New York: Park Lane, 1986. 226. Sullivan, Louis. Wainright Building . Perpaduan. 1890-91. St. Mermaids 123. Louis, MO. A Basic History of Art . By H.W. Janson and Anthony F. Janson. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice, Tohaku, Deme.
Ko-omote Female Mask . Edo period [1603-1867], Japan. Naprstek. Museum, Prague. The World of Masks . By Erich Herold, et al. Trans. Dusan. Zbavitel. London: Hamlyn, 1992. 207. Vanvitelli, Luigi, and Nicola Salvi.
Chapel of rumusan St. John the Baptist . 1742-51. Sao Roque, Lisbon. By Rolf Toman, ed. Baroque: Architecture, Sculpture, Painting . The Soviet Union Blockade. Cologne: Konemann, 1998. 118. Components for a personal photograph: 1) Subject (not underlined or put in quotes). 2) Name of person who took the photograph.
3) Date photograph taken. War in Iraq: Operation Iraq Freedom on CNN. Personal photograph by author. Great Wall of China, Beijing, China. Rumusan Kaum. Personal photograph by Cassy Wyse. 28 July 2005. Components: 1) Patent inventor(s) or owner(s). 2) Title of patent. 3) Issuing country and patent number. 4) Date patent was issued. Arbter, Klaus, and Guo-Qing Wei. Verfahren zur Nachfuhrung eines Stereo-Laparoskope.
in der minimal invasiven Chirurgie. German Patent 3943917. Apa Format. July 1996. Conversion of Calcium Compounds into rumusan kaum Solid and Gaseous Compounds. US Patent 5078813. Kamen, Dean L., et al. Which Of The Following Of The. Transportation Vehicles and Methods. US Patent 5971091. 31. Rumusan Perpaduan Di Malaysia. Performance: (ballet, concert, musical, opera, play, theatrical performance) Disneys The Lion King . By Roger Allers and Irene Mecchi. Dir. 1998 Movie. Julie Taymor. Music and lyrics by Elton John and rumusan Tim Rice.
Princess of Wales Theatre, Toronto. 9 June 2002. The Hobbit . By J.R.R. Tolkien. Dir. Kim Selody. Perf. Herbie Barnes, Michael. Simpson, and Chris Heyerdahl. Living Arts Centre, Mississauga, ON.
The Nutcracker . By Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky. Chor. and Libretto by James. Kudelka. The Soviet Union Blockade Berlin. Cond. Ormsby Wilkins and Uri Mayer. National Ballet of. Canada. Hummingbird Centre, Toronto. 30 Dec. 1999.
Phantom of the perpaduan kaum di malaysia, Opera . Love Canal Summary. By Andrew Lloyd Webber. Lyrics by Charles Hart. Dir. Harold Prince. Perpaduan Di Malaysia. Based on novel by Gaston Leroux. Pantages Theatre, Toronto. 20 Sept. 1998. The Shanghai Acrobats . By Incredible! Acrobats of China.
Living Arts Centre, Mississauga, ON. 4 Mar. 2005. Components: 1) Title of episode, underlined; or in quotes if appropriate. 2) Title of program, underlined. 3) Title of series. 4) Name of niche market definition network.
5) Radio station or TV channel call letters, 6) City of local station or channel. Kaum. 6) Broadcast date. The CFRB Morning Show . Which Statements Is True Of The Frustration-aggression. By Ted Woloshyn. CFRB Radio, Toronto. 12 Sept. 2003. Law and Order . Perpaduan. Prod. Apa Format. Wolf Film, Universal Television. NBC Television Network. WHEC, Rochester, NY. 16 Oct.
2002. New Threat from Osama? By Jim Stewart. Perpaduan. CBS News . WBEN, Buffalo. New York Museum Celebrates Life of Einstein. By Martha Graybow. Reuters, New York. WBFO, Buffalo. 13 Nov. 2002. The Nightmare Drug. By Bob McKeown, Linden MacIntyre, and Hana Gartner. The Fifth Estate . CBC, Toronto.
16 Oct. 2002. U.S.: Tape Sounds Like Bin Laden. AP, Washington, DC. On Your Side . WGRZ-TV, Buffalo. 13 Nov. 2002. 33. Recording Music CD, LP, magnetic tape: 1) Name of author, composer, singer, or editor. 2) Title of song (in quotation marks). Elizabeth Full. 3) Title of kaum recording (underlined).
4) Publication medium (LP, CD, magnetic tape, etc.). Elizabeth 1998 Full. 5) Edition, release, or version. 6) Place of publication: Publisher, Date of publication. If citing from Internet, see Item 23. Backstreet Boys. Larger than Life . Millennium. CD. Exclusive Management by.
The Firm, Los Angeles, CA. Mastered by Tom Coyne, Sterling Sound, NYC. Burch, Marilyn Reesor. Mosaic . Perpaduan Di Malaysia. CD. Writ., dir. and why did union berlin prod. Marilyn Reesor. Burch. Choirs dir. Don and Catherine Robertson.
Barrie, ON: Power. Plant Recording Studio, n.d. Burch, Marilyn Reesor. Mosaic . CD. Writ., dir. and rumusan kaum prod. Canal Summary. Marilyn Reesor. Burch. Choirs dir. Don and Catherine Robertson. Barrie, ON: Power. Plant Recording Studio, [c.
1997]. Note: n.d. means no date available. [c. 1997] means circa 1997. McDonald, Michael. No Lookin Back . Rumusan. LP. Summary. Prod. Michael McDonald and. Ted Templeman. Rumusan Perpaduan. Engineered and mixed by R. ThinkPad ACP Patch for ThinkPad 600, 770, and 770E . Diskette.
Vers. 1.0. Tape Recording: Cassette, DVD (Digital Videodisc), Filmstrip, Videocassette. Covey, Stephen R. Living the 7 Habits: Applications and Insights . Cassette. tape recording read by author. New York: Simon, Audio Div., 1995. Ginger . Solid Ground. Market. Cassette tape recording from album Far Out . Vancouver:
Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban . Dir. Alfonso Cuar o n. Based on novel. by J.K. Rowling. Perf. Daniel Radcliffe, Rupert Grint, and Emma Watson. DVD. Warner, 2004. Jane Austens Emma . Videocassette. Meridian Broadcasting. New York:
New Video Group, 1996. Kicking Screaming . Dir. Rumusan Perpaduan. Jesse Dylan. Writ. Leo Benvenuti and Steve Rudnick. Perf. Will Ferrell and Robert Duvall. DVD. Universal, 2005.
The Sisterhood of the Traveling Pants . Mermaids 123. Dir. Ken Kwapis. Based on novel by. Ann Brashares.Perf. Amber Tamblyn, America Ferrera, Blake Lively, and Alexis Bledel. Rumusan Perpaduan Kaum. DVD. Warner, Dungaree, 2005.
Super Searching the Web . Videocassette. Lancaster, PA: Classroom Connect, The Wizard of Oz . Dir. Niche Market. Victor Fleming. Based on book by Lyman Frank Baum. Perf. Judy Garland, Frank Morgan, Ray Bolger, Bert Lahr, Jack Haley, Billie Burke, Margaret Hamilton, Charley Grapewin, and the Munchkins. MGM, 1939. Rumusan Di Malaysia. VHS.
Warner, 1999. State author, title of unpublished dissertation or thesis in quotes, label Diss. or MA thesis, name of university, and year. Elmendorf, James. The Military and the Mall: Society and Culture in Long Beach, California. BA. thesis. Hampshire College, 1995.
Jackson, Marjorie. The Oboe: A Study of love canal Its Development and Use. Diss. Columbia U, 1962.
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Resume Aesthetics: Fonts, Margins, and Paper Selection Guidelines. While many of the resources at Resume Genius focus largely around the core principals of resume writing in terms of on-page content, this particular guide focuses solely on the visual aesthetics of the perpaduan resume as a whole, from the best choice for font style and size to optimal paper shades and following of the frustration-aggression, textures, everything is covered. While generally regarded as supplementary, visual aesthetics have the perpaduan kaum potential to be much more than just a supplement, especially when the difference between standing out amongst other competitive applicants can be by just the which of the following is true frustration-aggression smallest of rumusan kaum di malaysia, measures. Next, we give a comprehensive look at the soviet union blockade berlin the three primary areas that comprise a standard resume (both reverse chronological and combination styles) and perpaduan kaum, which deserve the most attention when writing your resume. The shape of a resume refers to the impact its overall look has on the reader without taking into account the meaning or significance of the text printed on said page. The shape of the resume is the which following statements is true hypothesis? very first thing to make an impact upon the reader , as it is the first thing the rumusan perpaduan brain processes before having the time to full movie read the rumusan perpaduan di malaysia text or recognize the name or appreciate the paper. Being the first thing the reader subconsciously processes the shape of a resume is quite important. The first aspect to consider when analyzing shape is the love summary proportion of the page margins. Having standardized margins guarantees a resume that wont stand out and rumusan perpaduan kaum di malaysia, is the safest choice for 95% of resume writers. 1 inch resume margins are pretty standard, and especially useful for job applicants without much experience. Margins can vary by tenths of a point and still be acceptable, however it may be difficult for the amateur resume writer to really understand what is acceptable in the industry, and thus sticking to a standardized margin is recommended.
1 inch resume margins are pretty standard, and especially useful for niche market, job applicants without much experience as 1 margins are the largest allowed on resumes and will help make the perpaduan kaum di malaysia typed text seem lengthier than it is. Resume Genius resume maker actually utilizes precise .63 margins, as Resume Genius experts feel that .63 strikes the perfect harmonious balance between making the mermaids 123 text appear broader, and fuller than larger margins of 1 which create slightly too much white space. It should be noted that the rumusan perpaduan kaum proportion of white space is a constant measurement of a resumes shape, as too much white space (blank space) on 1998 full, the page makes a resume seem lacking and appear barren, while too little white space makes a resume feel cramped and too busy. Going any lower than .5 margins on your resume is not advisable because it often leaves the rumusan perpaduan kaum di malaysia hiring manager feeling claustrophobic. As with margins, the niche market definition length of a resume is a critical formatting factor that has a large impact in the overall aesthetic of the perpaduan kaum document and thus is consequential enough to which of the statements of the hypothesis? give considerable consideration. Also like margins, the perfect resume length is a hotly contested subject within the resume writing community. There are few general rules of thumb however to kaum help you determine what length is most appropriate for you. Alignment of resumes is a pretty straightforward process as they are almost always left alighted , as this is how most in the western world read text. Apa Format Essays. Headings, experience bullet points, educational information and additional skills will all be left aligned. Contact details and applicant names will be center aligned 90% of the perpaduan kaum time , however some special styles will left alight the contact information. There are special areas of the resume however that can be center aligned under the right circumstances outside of contact information.
The resumes introduction is also sometimes centered. Choosing to following statements of the hypothesis? do so is a matter of personal taste and both perfectly acceptable. 2. Aesthetics: Fonts Font Size, Lines, Symbols, and Colors. Determining the rumusan kaum most appropriate font style for a resume can be a difficult task for the applicant with an which of the statements is true frustration-aggression, untrained eye. There are thousands of different styles of fonts, but only a few that are appropriate for professional documents such as cover letters, resumes and thank you letters.
Before choosing a particular style applicants must first choose between two worlds, that of serif and sans serif fonts. Serif fonts have small lines attached to rumusan perpaduan kaum di malaysia the ends of the letters. This is most commonly used in word processing or other non-traditional forms of typesetting. Sans Serif, Sans being French for without is following statements frustration-aggression, lettering that does not include small lines or hooks at the end of each letter. Choosing between one or another is kaum di malaysia, a matter of personal preference and no one font can be said to apa format essays be definitely better than another. Like colors, personal preference plays a large role, and since guessing a HRs personal preference is impossible choosing a personal favorite is perfectly acceptable. For a crisper font at smaller sizes it is advisable to rumusan browse less stylized Sans Serif fonts.
Times Roman fonts have been used the 1998 full most, however the smaller the font size the harder these become to read because of their artistic Serif nature. Bookman Old Style Georgia Times Roman Times New Roman. Arial Avenir Calibri Helvetica Veranda. Styles vary so much that one may look horrible at 10.5 while another font looks best at 10.5 and too bloated at rumusan perpaduan kaum 11.5. Many applicants may be surprised to learn that there is no one single correct resume font size. Mermaids 123. There are safe bets like 11pt font that should look aesthetically pleasing in many different styles, however this is a very one-size-fits all approach to what is a very delicate process. Resume writing is rumusan kaum di malaysia, not an approximate art but instead a precise operation, and the more attention given to precision the better the final product. Your resume font size should actually be linked directly to summary font style.
Styles vary so much that one style may look horrible and nearly unreadable at di malaysia 10.5 while another font looks best at 10.5 and the soviet blockade berlin, too bloated at kaum di malaysia 11.5. To achieve a perfect balance first select a desired font style, then adjust its size accordingly, using one tenth of a decimal place to fine tune the final size. See how the style makes the type look much different even though they are the same size? Do not make the mistake of apa format essays, letting page length dictate font size. If an applicants resume is just exceeding one page by a few words or a sentence try fitting to one page by di malaysia, first choosing synonyms or rewriting sentences to apa format make them shorter and more succinct. Only after an applicant has exhausted their ability to shorten their resume with language should they turn to minor margin and font size and style adjustments.
Just remember, dont sacrifice overall aesthetic quality with the single-minded goal of fitting to one page. A resume is rumusan kaum di malaysia, valued for the sum of all parts, not just its length . Beyond just margins and font selection the overall shape of a resume can also be greatly influenced by the subtle and essays, strategic use of lines and bullet points. These are the only two non-alphanumerical symbols allowed on a professional resume, as elements such as clipart; word art, smiley faces or even diamonds are simply not acceptable. Lines break up a page and stop the eye from reading further momentarily , allowing the brain to process the just read information for a fraction of a second longer should there have never existed a break line in kaum di malaysia the first place. Such break lines can be inserted into a resume after a career objective or summary of qualifications for example to emphasize the statement above. Love Canal. Break lines can also be used to separate special titles or unique sections like key skills if writing a functional or combination style resume. Only use lines sparingly, as too many will break up the page into too many pieces and obstruct the rumusan di malaysia readers eye from moving fluidly from section to section, ultimately frustrating the berlin reader. Symbols may only be used in the form of bullet points or spacers.
The most common symbol used is the traditional bullet point, which consists of kaum di malaysia, a small black dot. This is the preferred form of using bullet points, and is the following statements of the frustration-aggression safest choice. Those applicants who are a little more unconventional in their style could perhaps consider an alternative bullet shape such as a small black square, but this is about as big of a deviation as is acceptable. Essentially, applicants are to choose between a bowtie or a tie , both communicating a similar message. Only use one style on a resume, never mix and match circle and rumusan perpaduan kaum di malaysia, square bullet points horribly ugly travesty. Resumes are traditionally written in berlin black, as it is the most widely accepted, safest and conservative approach. Resumes can however make use of rumusan perpaduan di malaysia, subtle additions of niche definition, color throughout to help them stand out in a stack of nearly identical black and white documents. Here are a few examples of how you can use color on your resume.
If an applicant does choose to use color it should be a primary color and it should be muted, no bright neon or zany variations. Simple and subtle reigns supreme in rumusan kaum the resume world. The key with color in mermaids 123 resumes is retaining the focus on the experiences, achievements and skills in the words rather than moving focus to colors. Colors on resumes are meant to perpaduan kaum di malaysia assist the canal summary communication of the information, not detract or take away from kaum its central importance. Resume paper selection is an essays, important aspect of the presentation of a completed resume. First priorities must always remain focused on the quality of writing, makings sure every sentence, every word is chosen for a purpose and is the best possible choice. After the content of rumusan di malaysia, a resume, next in importance comes the formatting, the margins, the fonts and the spacing. Finally, with a completed product in hand, its time to why did union print and di malaysia, distribute. This is where paper comes into play. Not sure which kind of paper is best for you? Check out our resume paper comparison where we rate the the soviet blockade top 7 styles that you can buy.
White paper is the traditional color choice for resumes written by amateurs and professionals alike. White takes away nothing from the words on rumusan kaum di malaysia, the page but doesnt contribute anything either. White is traditional and a safe choice for resumes of all career levels and for all different industries. Colored paper has been a quick way to add style to any resume for years now, as next to a bunch of true white documents a slightly yellowed or cream hued resume will instantly stand out without being obnoxious. While this isnt the conservative approach, it is by apa format, no means radical and thus a fair option for anyone who feels their resume may need a boost in standing out amongst others for a highly competitive position. A common resume paper weight in office and perpaduan di malaysia, home printers is about 20lbs bond. This is acceptable for a resume however for such an love summary, important document it may be worth spending a little extra money for 24-25lb bond weight paper, as this is just slightly weightier and feels better in the hand. Rumusan Perpaduan Di Malaysia. Anything exceeding 25lb bond weight is bordering on excessive.
Our experts find that 24-25lbs bond is the sweet spot for resume paper weight. Paper texture is determined by its composition and the press used to manufacture it. 1998 Full. Some premium papers are pressed with very subtle crosshatching while others have even less noticeable imperfections pressed upon them to give them a unique feel to the touch. Look for a well-weighted paper, with texture or not, with at least 25% cotton composition. The more cotton the stronger the paper and crisper it feels. Many colored and textured papers are already manufactured as premium and will thus have a cotton fiber percentage of rumusan, 50-100%, resulting in a very impressive document. All resume paper should be 8.5 X 11; there are NO EXCEPTIONS to 1998 full movie this rule.
8.5 X 11 is the perpaduan kaum size that filing units are built to contain, the size scanners are by default set to process, and the size common manila envelopes are made to contain, so it is highly inadvisable to print paper any smaller or larger. By taking into full movie, consideration all of the above guidelines, any job applicant can write a perfect resume sure to be impressive to even the perpaduan kaum di malaysia most critical of human resources managers. Dont want to go through the hassle of creating your own resume? We encourage you to use our resume builder here, which will format your resume into one of our 8 battle tested templates, which have been proven to land more interviews. We also invite you to download those resume templates for free, and insert the bullet point yourself. If youre having trouble coming up with bullet points, take inspiration from mermaids 123 our numerous industry resume samples and writing tips. Additional Resume Aesthetic Resources. What a well written comprehensive piece! Thank you so very much! We are glad that you found it helpful! Glad you like it!
Play the rumusan kaum di malaysia One-Minute Game Thatll Show You How to Improve Your Resume. Think you can judge the quality of a resume within 6 seconds? The answer may surprise you. Put your skills to the test, and market definition, learn how to make your resume 6 second worthy! 3 Reasons Why I Wouldn't Hire Tom Brady. Tom Bradys resume is a couple yards short of a touchdown. Rumusan Perpaduan Di Malaysia. There are tons of errors throughout. Apa Format. See why. How to Modify and Maximize your Resume Template. Need a resume template? Feel free to download one, but be sure to make small modifications to perpaduan kaum di malaysia unlock your.
Would You Rather Work for a Man or a Woman? Do people still care whether they work for a man or woman, or do most people simply look for a nice job. Resume Builder Comparison | Resume Genius vs. LinkedIn Labs. What are the differences between the major online resume builders? Here's an in depth analysis of what. Resume Genius' builder, resources, advice and career tips are regularly featured on some of the elizabeth 1998 world's leading online and offline publications including:
Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in today's competitive job market. HR-proven resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to di malaysia choose from, and love canal summary, easily export to MS Word and PDF.
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10 Resume Tips From A Legal Recruiter. Ed. note : This is the rumusan, latest installment in a series of posts on lateral partner moves from definition, Lateral Links team of expert contributors. Rumusan Perpaduan Kaum Di Malaysia! Abby Gordon is a Director with Lateral Links New York office. Abby works with attorney candidates on law firm and union blockade in-house searches, primarily in New York, Boston, and Europe. Prior to joining Lateral Link, Abby spent seven years as a corporate associate with Cleary Gottlieb, focusing on rumusan perpaduan, capital markets transactions for Latin American clients in New York and for why did the soviet the last five years for European clients in Paris. A native of Boston, Abby holds a J.D., cum laude, from Georgetown University Law Center and a B.A. in government and romance languages, magna cum laude, from Dartmouth College. Perpaduan Di Malaysia! Abby also worked with the International Rescue Committee as a Fulbright Scholar in Madrid, Spain. She is a member of the New York Bar and is fluent in French and love canal summary Spanish (and dabbles in Portuguese and Italian). As a legal recruiter, I review numerous resumes each week in an effort to assist my candidates with the di malaysia, substance and presentation of their one-page life summaries. Here are ten tips based on the most common problems I see and questions I am asked: 1. Assume no one will read your resume word-for-word. Picture your interviewer pulling your resume off the printer and following of the reading only what he can in the time it takes to walk back to his office.
You need to make the most important stuff jump off the page. Use bold. Use bullet points. Use headings. Rumusan Perpaduan Di Malaysia! Give some thought to the format that will convey the necessary information in the most logical way. 2. Be concise and make every word count. This is related to Tip #1.
You want the most important stuff to jump off the page, but every word on your resume should serve the elizabeth full movie, purpose of showing that you are the best candidate for the specific job. Its just one page. Kaum! 3. Tailor your resume to movie, the specific job. Keep in the forefront of kaum, your mind that you are applying for a legal job. Do not view updating your resume as merely adding to the same document you first created 20 years ago.
Delete information that is elizabeth movie, no longer relevant #8212; remember, every last word should serve the purpose of rumusan di malaysia, getting you this job. If you are applying to 10 general litigation openings, one version may be just fine. But if you are applying to some general litigation spots and some patent litigation spots, you may want to elizabeth full movie, have two versions of your resume, with each tailored to rumusan, the specific opening or category of apa format, opening. 4. Be sure you can talk intelligently about every last thing you include on your resume. If you can no longer remember the main argument of your senior thesis from college, delete it from your resume or refresh your memory before any interviews. You also must be prepared to talk about the kaum di malaysia, any legal matters you claim to have worked on, including about the underlying legal issues.
5. When describing your legal experience, give concrete examples . Instead of merely asserting that you are a capital markets lawyer, note that you Drafted the definition, underwriting agreement as lead associate representing the underwriters in the offering of $300 million in rumusan perpaduan, floating rate notes by a large U.S. Niche! manufacturing company. Even if you have a separate representative matters sheet, it may be helpful to include a few bullets points showing this experience in your actual resume as well. And remember from kaum, Tip #2, every word counts. Dont use neutral words where a more positive word could convey more meaning. For example, which is more powerful, stating that you worked on a project or that you successfully implemented a project? 6. Be sure all information is up-to-date. If you are no longer on a committee, delete it from your resume or indicate the proper dates.
Change the following statements hypothesis?, verbs (represent, draft, negotiate) from the descriptions of your prior jobs to the past tense (represented, drafted, negotiated). No longer fluent in rumusan kaum di malaysia, French? Be accurate in the assessment of why did blockade berlin, your language ability as of today, not as of mid-way through your junior year abroad. 7. Additional Information: Space is a commodity, but you should still make room for two or three lines that show you are a human being and rumusan perpaduan kaum di malaysia not just a robot. Include a few interests (but be sure they are real interests of market, yours and not aspirational hobbies). Maybe you and one of the interviewers will find you have a hobby in common.
If nothing else, this fluff gives interviewers some material for a few softball questions to rumusan, break the ice or end the interview on a lighter note. Aside from true interests/hobbies, include language abilities, bar admissions, and memberships/affiliations so long as you are an active and not just passive participant in these organizations. Remember the essential test: Can you talk intelligently about it if asked? If someone asks about your membership in an alumni network, will you state proudly that you assisted in of the following statements of the hypothesis?, raising $500,000 in alumni contributions for a scholarship fund or will you cower in kaum, your chair and confess that you are on the e-mail list for the soviet union blockade the committee but have yet to perpaduan di malaysia, attend a meeting? 8. Education first or work experience first? This is of the statements of the, a common question. Remember Tip #1 #8212; you want the kaum di malaysia, most important stuff to jump off the page. So if you went to a top law school, you may want to list education first. If your law school was not as highly ranked but you somehow landed a job at apa format essays Wachtell, list work experience first. In the case of a tie, Id go with work experience first.
9. The squint test : It seems a bit unsophisticated but it works. Rumusan Perpaduan Di Malaysia! Tape your resume to a wall about 10 feet away or just hold it far out in front of you and squint. Does the balance of black and white on the page make your eyes happy? Is there much too much dense text? Or way too much white space? If youve ever strung lights on love canal summary, a Christmas tree, its the same principle. Squint and then follow your instincts.
10. Proofread your resume carefully. Then proofread it again. Then ask a friend to proofread it. And another friend. And your legal recruiter. Then proofread it again. Nothing screams Dont hire me! like a glaring typo or spelling mistake.
10?. Heres a freebie. Its not the di malaysia, most important tip unless well if it is, you know who you are. You know that photo of you in the Bahamas in your bikini? Shirtless? You remember how you uploaded it to your Google profile?
And now you list your Gmail address on love, your resume? Well guess what When I am e-mailing you at your Gmail address, yes, I can see that photo of you in the right-hand sidebar on rumusan kaum, my screen. If I can see it, so can the of the following statements, recruiting coordinator and so can the rumusan di malaysia, partner at the firm where youre interviewing. Oh, and one more thing: your Twitter feed will also now show up on the right-hand sidebar. Im not asking you to stop using social media. But if you are indiscriminate about mermaids 123 your tweets, think about setting up a separate e-mail address for perpaduan the job search process. There is not just one right way of designing a resume. But there are wrong ways. Look at models but dont just copy someone elses. This singular piece of paper is your key to getting your foot in definition, the door in the next step of your career or not. Rumusan Kaum! Its worth spending a few extra hours getting it right.
Lateral Link is mermaids 123, one of the top-rated international legal recruiting firms. With over 14 offices world-wide, Lateral Link specializes in placing attorneys at rumusan perpaduan the most prestigious law firms in the world. Managed by former practicing attorneys from top law schools, Lateral Link has a tradition of hiring lawyers to love summary, execute the lateral leaps of perpaduan kaum, practicing attorneys. Click ::here:: to find out more about us. Of The Following Frustration-aggression! Sign up for our newsletter. WilmerHale And The Terrible, Horrible, No Good, Very Bad Day Of Leaking Client Whistleblower Docs To The WSJ. Perpaduan! Woman Abandons Law Degree To Become Porn Star.
Federal Lawsuit Filed Against #8216;The Jews#8217; Associates In This City Just Got Their Raises. The Freestanding Law Schools With The Highest Student Loan Default Rates. A Brand New Email Screw-Up For Abbe Lowell. The Ugliest Law Schools In America. Biglaw Associate Fails Bar Exam, Gets Fired, Sues Bar Examiners For Causing Job Loss. Biglaw Firm Impresses Associates (And Staff) With Enhanced Parental Leave Policy. The Trump Administration Seeks To Rip The Heart Out Of Labor And Employment Law. Lawyer Burnout And The Finish Line Problem. Senior Attorney Fired For Cruel Commentary On Las Vegas Shooting. Essays! Man Opens Fire At Law Firm Representing His Ex. Rumusan Di Malaysia! Biglaw Firm#8217;s Move To New Office Means It#8217;s Time For Some Buyouts.
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CIKGU MK: PT3 - Contoh Rumusan: Tugasan Sejarah PT3 2014
Company Law Essay #8211; Cavendish University Law Lecturers Notes. DEFINITION OF COMPANY: The Companies Act Cap 110 definition section states that company means a company formed and registered under the Act or an existing company. The companies Act does not sufficiently define what a company is but authors have developed a definition of a company. Professor David Bakibinga in his book company law in Uganda at perpaduan kaum di malaysia, page 2 defines a company as an artificial legal entity separate and distinct from its members or shareholders. This legal person is distinguishable from which following is true natural personality. Natural persons are born by natural people/persons and their lives end at death, artificial persons (corporations) are created by law and their existence is ended by the law.
The possession of a legal personality implies that a company is rumusan kaum di malaysia capable of enjoying rights and being subject to duties, separately from why did the soviet union blockade its members. As an artificial legal person, a company is capable of the following;- * It has an existence separate from perpaduan that of the members and as such;- * It has its own name by which it is recognised. It can own its own property ie assets like buildings, land, bank accounts. etc * It can sue or be sued in its own name. * Even if a member or all the members die, the company will still remain in existence, in other words it has perpetual succession. * It can borrow money in its own name and use its assets as security and it will be responsible for paying back such debts.. Love! * It can employ its own employees, including its members or shareholders. i) This principle of legal personality was first distinctly articulated in the British House of Lords Judgment in the case of Salomon Vs. Salmon Company Limited (1897) AC 22 At the court of first instance and appeal court, it was held That therefore the company was a legal entity capable of a separate existence and liable to pay its own debts, and Salomon was not personally liable to pay the debts of the company. ii) That a company is at di malaysia, law a different person altogether from the subscribers although it may be that after incorporation, the business is exactly the 1998 same as was before, the same persons are the managers, and the same hands receive the profits. The second person needed may not be an independent person. He could be the nominee of the first person. Where a private Company does not comply with these requirements, it loses exemptions and privileges conferred on a private company.
This failure can only perpaduan kaum be remedied upon showing court that it was caused by accident or inadvertence or some other sufficient cause. Under the Companies Act, Companies in Uganda can also be further divided into: * Limited by shares * Limited by guarantee * Unlimited companies (a) A company limited by shares. This is a company where the niche members enjoy limited liability. Rumusan Kaum! This means that in case of winding up of the company if the companys assets are unable to meet the companys debts, then the members will only be liable to mermaids 123, contribute to the debts of the perpaduan kaum company only such amounts as a member may not have paid for why did the soviet berlin, the shares they bought. i,e. , a member will only be required to kaum, pay the balance that he did not pay on union the shares he bought. Thus a members liability is only limited to the amount of the perpaduan kaum di malaysia unpaid shares. a) A Company limited by guarantee This is one where the liability of its members is limited to such amount as the members may have undertaken to contribute to the companys assets in the event of its winding up. This guarantee must be expressed in the memorandum of association. i. e. there must be an express statement/undertaking by the subscribers / members that the elizabeth full movie members guarantee that they will pay a specified amount of money if in the event of winding up of the company, if the companys assets are not sufficient to meet its debts. b) An unlimited company This is a company in rumusan perpaduan kaum which there is no limit on the liability of the which following statements hypothesis? members. This means that in the event of perpaduan winding up, the members are liable to contribute money sufficient to cover all the companys debts without any limitations, if the company for example has debts of millions and millions of shillings, the members have to which of the following statements is true of the frustration-aggression hypothesis?, be responsible to pay all the debts and the members personal estate/property can be encroached upon to discharge the liabilities of the company. PUBLIC COMPANIES.
The minimum required number for public companies is 7 and it goes up to infinity in perpaduan kaum other words there is union blockade berlin no limit as to the maximum number of members a public company can have. Perpaduan Kaum Di Malaysia! A public company should be a limited liability company. Its Memorandum of Association must state that it is to be a public company. Its registered name normally ends with the words public limited company (plc). A Company, which has obtained registration as a public company, its original certificate of essays incorporation or subsequent ertificate of registration issued by the registrar must state that it is a public company. Distinction between Private and perpaduan kaum di malaysia, Public Companies A public company| A private Company| 1. Minimum of 7 members. For such company to why did union blockade berlin, do business there must be a minimum of at least 7 members.
Where the company continues to perpaduan, do business when the number of of the statements is true members has fallen below the legal minimum, then this is kaum di malaysia a ground for movie, the winding up of the company. (Winding up is the process of putting the companys existence to an end. ) 2. No maximum limit of members. 3. Rumusan Kaum! There must be a minimum of two directors 4. Cannot commence business until and unless it obtains a certificate of trading/certificate of commencement of business, in addition to a certificate of apa format essays incorporation. 5. Must hold a statutory meeting between l 3 months from the date of commencement of business. Directors are required under the law to perpaduan di malaysia, send a statutory report to every member within 14 days to the date of the meeting. Such report must also be sent the mermaids 123 registrar of companies. 1. Minimum of rumusan perpaduan di malaysia two members For such company to mermaids 123, do business there must be a minimum of at perpaduan di malaysia, least 2 members. Where the company continues to do business when the number of niche market members has fallen below the legal minimum, then this is a ground for the- winding up of the company. 2. The maximum number of members is 50 3. Only one director can suffice 4. Can commence business as soon as it acquires a certificate of incorporation.
5. No statutory meeting is required of such companies. | HOLDING AND SUBSIDIARY COMPANIES. A subsidiary company is one that is controlled by another company called a holding company or its parent (or the parent company). The holding company is therefore one that controls another, and its memorandum must give it powers to do so. The most common way that control of a subsidiary is achieved, is through the kaum ownership of majority shares in the subsidiary by the parent Examples include holding companies such as MTN (Uganda) is a subsidiary of MTN (South Africa), Stanbic Bank Uganda is a subsidiary of Standard Bank (South Africa FORMATION/ REGISTRATION PROCESS. A company is formed by registering it with the Registrar of following statements is true Companies and obtaining a certificate of incorporation. The registration process goes through the following steps;- 1. RESERVATION OF THE COMPANY NAME.
The promoters must choose a name of their choice and then make an application to the registrar of rumusan perpaduan kaum companies to berlin, reserve the rumusan perpaduan kaum di malaysia name for their company. The name should not be identical with that of an existing company or so nearly resemble it as to be calculated to love summary, deceive, it should not also Contains the words chamber of commerce except where the nature of the companys business so justifies it and lastly it should not suggests patronage (a connection) from government or be associated with immorality, crime or scandalous in rumusan perpaduan kaum di malaysia nature. If the registrar is satisfied that the name meets the above requirements, he will approve and reserve the name, the company must then register within 60 days. Reservation means that within those 60 days the registrar will not allow any other person to register another company using that same name. To guard against the possibility of a negative reply from the Registrar, promoters must have in mind one or more suitable alternatives. Once a company has secured registration in a particular name it secures a virtual monopoly of corporate activity under that name. In case the mermaids 123 Registrar inadvertently approves a name which by law is not adequate, then the new company may change its name within 6 months. A company may change its name by special resolution and with the written approval of the Registrar. Where the Registrar refuses to register a name without good reason, an application for an order of rumusan perpaduan kaum mandamus to compel the market definition registrar to perform his duty and register the company can be filed in the High Court.
2. PRESENTATION OF THE REQUIRED DOCUMENTS BEFORE THE REGISTRAR FOR REGISTRATION. Within 60 days after the reservation of the name, the promoters will then present the following documents to the registrar to have their company registered. * Memorandum of Association Articles of Association * A statement of rumusan perpaduan kaum di malaysia nominal capital * A statutory declaration of compliance. * A statement with the names and particulars of directors and secretary * The prospectus. * The Memorandum of Association of the company. The memorandum of association is the most important of all the why did berlin company documents because it contains the powers of the company, it describes the company and the nature of activities that the company is authorized to do or engage in. * Articles of Association This document regulates the internal activities of the members and the directors. It contains information on, management, who will be the directors of the company, who will be the managing director, secretary, appointment of the board of directors, qualifications of directors, the chairman of the board, meetings (how meetings of the company should be called and conducted), the classes and rights of rumusan shareholders, transfer of shares , borrowing powers of the company, its properties, control of the company finance, dividends/profits and how they should be distributed auditing of books, the company seal and how it should be used etc * Declaration of love canal compliance. This is a statement declaring that all the necessary requirements of the rumusan perpaduan kaum di malaysia Companies Act with regard to the formation of the company have been duly complied with and that the directors agree to continue complying with them. Apa Format! * A statement of nominal capital This is a statement which shows the rumusan kaum di malaysia capital with which the company is starting with. ie the initial capital of the company. * List of names and particulars of Directors and Company Secretary This document contains the apa format details of the names, age, addresses, occupations of the directors and company secretary of the company. It should also contain an rumusan, undertaking by the directors to take and pay for the qualification shares if any that such persons may be required to elizabeth full, acquire. * A Prospectus If the company is a public company, it must in addition to the above documents also issue a prospectus which must also be registered with the companies registry. Perpaduan Di Malaysia! It is a document setting forth the nature and objects of a company and inviting the public to of the, subscribe for shares in the company. It sets out the number of the founders/management, the share qualification of directors, names, description and addresses of directors, the shares offered to rumusan perpaduan di malaysia, the public for subscription, property acquired by the company, the auditors, etc.
The purpose of the prospectus is to provide the essential information about the position of a company when it is launched so that those interested in investing in it can properly assess the mermaids 123 risk of investment. 3. PAYMENT OF STAMP DUTY AND REGISTRATION FEES. The registrar will then assess how much duty is to be paid on registration of that company; it is perpaduan kaum di malaysia sassed basing on the capital that the company is starting with, the more the capital the greater the stamp duty. Registration fees are also paid. 4. ISSUANCE OF A CERTIFICATE OF INCORPORATION. Niche Definition! After all these requirements, a certificate of registration is issued if the Registrar is di malaysia satisfied.
THE MEMORANDUM ARTICLES OF ASSOCIATION OF A COMPANY. The memorandum of Association. The Memorandum of Association of a company, which is required to be registered for purposes of incorporation, is regarded as the companys most important document in elizabeth the sense that it determines the powers of the company. Consequently, a company may only engage in activities and exercise powers, which have been conferred upon it expressly by the memorandum or by implication there from. Contents of the Memorandum The Memorandum of Association of a company limited by perpaduan shares must state the following:- 1.
The name of the company with Limited as the last word. 2. The registered office of the company is situated in Uganda. 3. Canal Summary! The objects of the company. 4. A statement as to the liability of the members. 5. A statement to the nature of the company (Whether private or public).
6. The amount of share capital and division thereof into shares of a fixed amount. In addition, the memorandum must state the names, address and rumusan perpaduan kaum, descriptions of the subscribers thereof who must be at least two for a private company and mermaids 123, seven for a public company. Rumusan Perpaduan! 1. The name. The name of the mermaids 123 company should be indicated and if it is a limited company, it should have the word limited at the end eg Stanbic Bank Uganda Ltd. 2. Registered office The memorandum must state that the registered office is situated in Uganda. Perpaduan Kaum Di Malaysia! However, the actual address must be communicated to the Registrar of Companies within 14 days of the date of incorporation or from the date it commences business by registration of a company form called Notice of situation of mermaids 123 registered office of the company, this form will indicate the exact location of the company eg plot 8 industrial area Kampala. . The objects clause This sets out the principle activities the company has been incorporated to pursue. For example; trading in general merchandise, carrying on business of wholesalers and rumusan kaum di malaysia, retail traders of all airtime cards, mobile phones and all phone accessories, carrying on the business of mobile money agents etc. The objects must be lawful and should include all the mermaids 123 activities which the company is likely to pursue.
The objects or powers of the company as laid down in the memorandum or implied there from determine what the rumusan di malaysia company can do. Mermaids 123! Consequently, any activities not expressly or impliedly authorized by the memorandum are ultra vires the company. The ultra vires doctrine restricts an incorporated company under the Companies Act to the purse only the objects outlined in its registered Memorandum of rumusan perpaduan kaum Association. The doctrine of ultra vires is illustrated in the case of ASHBURY RAILWAY CARRIAGE CO. LTD VS. RICH (1875). A company which was not authorized by definition its memorandum of perpaduan kaum association to lend money or finance any activity made an agreement with the defendant to provide him with finance for the construction of a railway in Beligium, later on the company repudiated this agreement and did not actually provide the finances, the defendant sued the company for breach of contract, the company in its defense argued that financing railway construction was not one of the activities it was authorized to essays, do, it was held that indeed such an act was beyond the powers of the company and perpaduan kaum, such an ultra vires contract was void and un enforceable. To evade this restrictive interpretation of the objects clause, draftsmen inserted words as and to do all such other acts and things as the company deems incidental or conducive to the attainment of these objects or any of them. In BELL HOUSES LTD -VS-CITY WALL PROPERTIES LTD (1966) 2 QB 656, a company was formed to carry on the business of General Civil Engineering contracts and in particular to build houses.
It had power to carry on any other trade and to mermaids 123, do any other things that incidental to rumusan perpaduan kaum, the above companys objects. The Court held that the company could lawfully contract for a fee to procure loans to summary, other concerns, from or business whatsoever which it can in the opinion of the board of directors be advantageously carried out perpaduan di malaysia, sources of finance which it had resorted to apa format, in the past. It further held that cementing good relations with the financiers would be valuable when the company needed finances for its activities. Rumusan Di Malaysia! The Memorandum of Association spells out the main objectives and powers of the elizabeth full movie company. However, certain powers may be implied in the Memorandum of Association.
For example, in perpaduan di malaysia the case of FERGUSON V WILSON (1866) 2CH. A 277, a power to appoint agents and engage employees was implied in following statements of the hypothesis? the Memorandum of Association. This is only sensible because a company as a fictitious person can only work through agents and employees; and therefore if such a power was not implied, then the company could not function at all. Similarly in GENERAL AUCTION ESTATES MONETARY CO. V. Rumusan Perpaduan Di Malaysia! SMITH (1891) 3CH 432, the niche market court implied powers of borrowing money and giving security for loans.
Subsequent cases have also adopted this position. In NEWSTEAD (INSPECTION OF TAXES) V FROST (1978)1 WLR 441 AT PAGE 449, the court implied powers of entering into partnership or joint venture agreements for carrying the on the kind of business it may itself carry on i. e. intra vires. In PRESUMPTION PRICES PATENT CANDLE CO (1976), the court implied a power of rumusan kaum paying gratuities to employees. A power to institute, defend and compromise proceedings will also be implied in apa format the Memorandum of Association if it is not provided expressly. Courts at times imply powers because the particular nature of the perpaduan kaum di malaysia companys undertaking demands it. In EVANS, (1921) I CII.
359. The court observed that a company formed to manufacture chemicals had powers to mermaids 123, make grants to Universities and other scientific institutions to facilitate scientific research and training scientists although it may not obtain any immediate financial benefit from the kaum venture. Therefore before the which following is true of the frustration-aggression hypothesis? court implies powers it seems: * There must be some reasonable connection between the companys objects and the power it seeks to exercise. It is not sufficient for it to merely show that it will benefit in some way by exercising that power. It is important to show that the company will in fact benefit in some way even though remote in the exercise of the power (see Evans, (above). However, though the rumusan perpaduan kaum di malaysia Court may imply these powers in the Memorandum of Association, its better practice to expressly state them. This is only sensible because:- * The company often needs powers which the courts have not ruled that they can be implied and therefore the company can only obtain them by why did the soviet union blockade express provisions in the Memorandum of Association, (e. g. the power to buy a share from another company though recognized under the Act has not yet been implied). To avoid uncertainties or expenses of litigation, it is safer to insert them expressly in the memorandum of association.
4. The liability of members The memorandum of a company limited by perpaduan kaum shares or by guarantee should indicate that the liability of members is mermaids 123 limited. With respect to a company limited shares, the liability of perpaduan kaum di malaysia a member is the elizabeth 1998 movie amount, if any, unpaid on his shares. With regard to the liability of a member of a company limited by guarantee, this is limited to the amount he undertook to contribute to the assets of the rumusan perpaduan di malaysia company in elizabeth full movie the event of kaum winding up. A company may also be registered with unlimited liability. Love Canal Summary! In such a situation, the members liability is kaum di malaysia unlimited and in why did the soviet berlin cases the rumusan company does not have sufficient credit to pay its creditors, then the shareholders personal property may be encroached on to pay the companys debts.. 5. Share capital (clause) The memorandum requires that a company having a share capital must state the amount of share capital with which the company is to be registered and that such capital is divisible into shares of a fixed amount. The essence of the division is to control the powers of the directors to allot shares. The law does not prescribe the value but they are usually small amounts to encourage people to hold as many shares as possible. Elizabeth 1998 Movie! The amount of rumusan kaum capital with which a company is to be registered and the amount into which it is to be divided are matters to be decided upon by the promoters and mermaids 123, will be determined by the needs of the company and finance available.
For example if a company has its initial share capital/ startup capital of 5,000,000 it can divide this into perpaduan di malaysia 100 shares of 50,000 each. So of s member subscribes for 50 shares, he will contribute 2,500,000/= . ARTICLES OF ASSOCIATION The Articles of Association contains regulations for managing the internal affairs of the company i. e. the business of the company. They are applied and interpreted subject to the memorandum of association in that they cannot confer wider powers on the company than those stipulated in apa format essays the memorandum. Thus, where there is a conflict or divergence between the memorandum and articles, the provisions of the memorandum must prevail. Rumusan Perpaduan Di Malaysia! anagement, who will be the market definition directors of the company, who will be, appointment of the board of directors, qualifications of directors, the, the classes and rights of shareholders, transfer of rumusan perpaduan kaum di malaysia shares , , auditing of books, Contents of the Articles * The board of directors (management) and how they will be appointed, their qualifications, how they can resign or be removed from office. * The chairman of the board. * The managing director and canal summary, how he will be appointed. * Secretary and his appointment. eetings (how meetings of the company should be called and conducted and the required quorum/ number of members that must be present to conduct a valid meeting of the company) and the different types of meeting that the company may hold from time to time voting rights of the members, the right to receive notice and to attend and vote etc. * powers of directors * The different classes of shares and the rights attached to different classes of shares. * Borrowing powers of the company. its properties, control of the company finance, its bankers, dividends/profits and how they should be distributed * appointment of auditors * the company seal and how it should be used etc The Articles must be printed in di malaysia the English language, divided into paragraphs, numbered consecutively, signed by each subscriber to the memorandum in the presence of at least one witness who must attest the signature. The Companies Act contains a standard form of articles (table A) which applies to companies limited by shares. These regulate the company unless it has its own special articles which totally or partially exclude table A. The advantages of statutory model articles are: * That legal drafting of special articles is reduced to a minimum since even special articles usually incorporate much of the text of the model. * There is flexibility since any company can adopt the model selectively or with modifications and include in its articles special articles adapted to its needs. INTERPRETATION OF ARTICLES AND MEMORANDUM OF ASSOCIATION.
The Memorandum of Association is the basic law or constitution of the company and the articles are subordinate to canal summary, the Memorandum of Association. It follows therefore that if there is kaum di malaysia a conflict, the Memorandum of Association prevails. In other words if there is union blockade berlin a contradiction between the perpaduan kaum di malaysia provisions of the memorandum and the provisions of the articles of association, then the provisions of the memorandum will be followed and those provisions in the articles which are contradicting the memorandum will be void and of no effect. If there is no conflict, the Memorandum of Association and articles must be read together and any ambiguity or uncertainty in either can be removed by the other CONSEQUENCES OF INCORPORATION The fundamental attribute of corporate personality from which all other consequences flow is that the corporation is a legal entity distinct from its members. Hence its capable of which of the statements frustration-aggression hypothesis? enjoying rights and being subject to duties which are not the same as those enjoyed or borne by its members. In other words it has a legal personality and it is rumusan perpaduan often described as an artificial person in niche definition contrast with a human being-a natural person. SALOMON Vs SALOMON CO) Since the rumusan kaum di malaysia Salomon case, the mermaids 123 complete separation of the company and its members has never been doubted. It is from this fundamental attribute of separate personality that most of the particular advantages of incorporation spring and rumusan perpaduan di malaysia, these are: 1. LIABILITY: The company being a distinct legal persona is liable for its debts and obligations and the members or directors cannot be held personally responsible for the companys debts. It follows that the union blockade berlin companys creditors can only sue the kaum company and not the shareholders.
In in the case of niche Salomon V Salomon (1897), creditors of the company sought to kaum di malaysia, have Solomon a managing director of the company personally liable for the debts of the which of the following statements is true hypothesis? company but court held that the perpaduan di malaysia company and Solomon were two different persons and that the company as a legal person is liable for its own debts and Solomon a managing director could not be held personally responsible for the debts of the company. In the Ugandan case of Sentamu v UCB (1983) HCB 59, it was held that individual members of the company are not liable for the companys debts. The liability of the members or shareholders of the company is limited to the amount remaining unpaid on the shares. For instance, where a shareholder has been allotted 50 shares at Shs. 100,000 each, in total he should pay 5,000,000 for all the fifty shares, if he pays only Shs.
4, 000, 000 to the company, it means that he will still owe the company 1,000,000. This is 1998 movie what is called uncalled capital. The company may call on him to pay it any time. If that does not happen, then at the time of rumusan perpaduan di malaysia winding up the company, he will be required to pay the Shs. 1, 000, 000. In the case of apa format essays a company limited by guarantee, each member is liable to contribute a specific amount to rumusan perpaduan di malaysia, the assets of the company and their liability is limited to the amount they have guaranteed to contribute. If the company has unlimited liability, the members liability to contribute is unlimited and their personal property can be looked at to discharge the company creditors but that is only after utilizing the companys money and it is not enough to pay all the debts. 2. PROPERTY: An incorporated company is able to own property separately from its members.
Thus, the members cannot claim an mermaids 123, interest or interfere with the company property for their personal gain/benefit. Thus, one of the advantages of rumusan incorporation (corporate personality) is that it enables the property of the company to be clearly, distinguished from that of the members. In the case of apa format essays MACAURA Vs NORTH ASSURANCE CO. (1925) AC (see page 3 for facts). In that case Lord Buckmaster of the House in Lords held that no shareholder has a right to any item of the property of the company, even if he holds all the shares in the company. In the case of rumusan Hindu Dispensary Zanzibar v N. A Patwa Sons, a flat was let out to a company and the question was whether the company could be regarded as a tenant, it was held that a company can have possession of business premises by its servants or agents and that in fact that is the only way a company can have possession of its premises. 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS: As a legal person, a company can take action to enforce its legal rights or be sued for breach of its duties in the courts of law. If it the company being sued, then it should be sued in its registered name, if a wrong or incorrect name is used, the case will be dismissed from court for example in the case of Denis Njemanze V Shell B. P Port Harcourt, the plaintiff sued a company called Shell B. P Port Harcourt which was a non existing company, counsel for the defendant company objected that there was no such company and the suit should be dismissed, counsel for the plaintiff sought courts leave to amend and put the right part but court refused to grant the leave and dismissed the case. In the case of Wani V Uganda Timber, 1972 HCB the definition plaintiff applied for a warrant of arrest against a managing director of a company instead of suing the company, chief justice Kiwanoka held that a managing director of a company is not the company and cannot be sued personally, that if there is a case against rumusan kaum the company then the elizabeth 1998 movie company is the right party to be sued not its managing director. 5. Perpaduan! PERPETUAL SUCCESSION: s. 15 of the companies Act provides that a company is a legal entity with perpetual sucession.
This means that even if a shareholder dies, or all the shareholders die or go bankrupt, in the eyes of the law, the company will remain in existence. Apa Format! If a share holder dies, his /her shares will be transmitted to their executor or a personal representative. Also in rumusan perpaduan kaum di malaysia case a shareholder no longer wants to be a shareholder in why did the soviet union blockade a company, he will simply transfer his shares to someone else and to company will continue to exist. Perpaduan Kaum Di Malaysia! The only way a company can come to an end is by which following statements frustration-aggression winding up, striking it off the register of rumusan perpaduan kaum di malaysia companies or through amalgamation and reconstruction as provided by the Companies Act. This was illustrated in the case of RE NOEL EDMAN HOLDING PROPERTY all the members were killed in a motor accident but court held that the company would survive. Thus, this perpetual succession gives the certainty required in the commercial world even when ownership of shares changes there is no effect on the performance of the company and no disruption in the company business. 5. TRANSFER OF SHARES: A share constitutes an item of niche market definition property, which is freely transferable, except in the case of private companies. When shares are transferred, the person who transfers ceases to rumusan di malaysia, be a shareholder and the person to whom they are transferred becomes the shareholder. In private companies, there is mermaids 123 a restriction on the transfer of shares for example one may not transfer his shares except to an existing member or shareholder, and not to an outsider. This is essential and rumusan, is in niche any event desirable if such a company is to retain its character of an incorporated private company.
6. BORROWING: A company can borrow money and provide security in the form of a floating charge. A floating charge is a security created over the assets of the company. When a company borrows money lets say from the bank or any other cerditor, it may use its assets e. g. cars, bank accounts and other assets as security, the security/ charge will then float over those assets, in rumusan kaum case the company defaults on payment, the charge can settle on one or all of those assets and the bank/creditor of the company can sell those assets to recover their money. It is called a floating charge because it floats like a cloud over the whole assets of the apa format essays company from time to time, it only settles/crystallizes if the rumusan kaum company defaults on payment. So before the elizabeth full charge settles on the assets, the company is rumusan kaum di malaysia free to deal with those assets even to dispose them off in the usual course of business. 6. Apa Format Essays! CAPACITY TO CONTRACT.
On incorporation, a company can enter into any contract with third parties. In the case of Lee V Lee Air Farming Co. Ltd (1961) A. C 12, it was held that a company was it is rumusan incorporated it has capacity to employ servants, even the shareholders. THE ULTRA VIRES DOCTRINE. a) Meaning of ultra vires. The object clause of the memorandum of association of a company contains the object for niche, which the company is perpaduan di malaysia formed. An act of a company must not be beyond the object clause otherwise it will be ultra vires. The expression ultra vires means beyond powers, therefore an act or transaction that is beyond the powers of the company as stated in the objects clause of the the soviet union berlin memorandum is an ultra vires act or transaction, such an act that is ultra vires is void and cannot be ratified by the company. Sometimes the term ultra vires is also used to describe a situation where the directors of a company have exceeded the powers delegated to them, where a company exceeds the rumusan perpaduan kaum powers conferred upon it by its memorandum of association, it is not bound by of the following statements frustration-aggression hypothesis? it because it lacks the capacity to incur responsibility for that action, but when the directors of a company exceed the powers delegated to them, the company in a general meeting may choose to ratify their act or omission. b) Distinction from rumusan perpaduan kaum illegality.
An ultra vires act or transaction is different from an illegal act/ transaction, although both are void, they attract different legal consequences and the law treats them differently. An act of a company which is beyond its object clause is ultra vires and therefore void even if it is legal. Similarly an illegal act done by a company will be void even if it falls squarely within the objects of the company. c) Importance of the doctrine. The doctrine of ultra vires was developed to protect the investors and creditors of the company. This doctrine prevents a company from employing the money of the investors for a purpose other than those stated in the object clause of its memorandum. Thus the investors of the company are assured that their money will not be employed for activities which they did not have in contemplation at the time they invested their money into the company.
This doctrine also protects the creditors of the company by apa format essays ensuring that the funds of the company to rumusan, which they must look to for payment are not dissipated in unauthorized activities. ) Establishment of the doctrine. The doctrine was established firmly in 1875 by the House of niche market definition Lords in the case of ASHBURY RAILWAY CARRIAGE CO. LTD VS. RICHE (1875). A company which was not authorized by its memorandum of association to lend money or finance any activity made an perpaduan di malaysia, agreement with the defendant to provide him with finance for apa format, the construction of a railway in Beligium, the directors made this ultra vires contract on behalf the rumusan perpaduan kaum company but subsequently the company ratified this contract in a meeting. ater on the company repudiated this agreement and did not actually provide the finances, the defendant sued the company for breach of contract, the company in its defense argued that financing railway construction was not one of the activities it was authorized to essays, do.
It was held that indeed such an act was beyond the powers of the company and such an ultra vires contract was void and could not be enforced against the company. Court also held that an rumusan perpaduan, ultra vires contract cannot even be ratified by the company and that the subsequent act of the company purporting to ratify this contract in a meeting was void, court emphasized that an ultra vires contract is void and cannot even be ratified by union a unanimous decision of all the members of kaum a company. In that case, the HOL expressed the view that a company incorporated under the Companies Act had power to do only those things which are authorized by its object clause and nything outside that is ultra vires and cannot be ratified by niche market the company. Soon after this case was decided, its shortcomings became immediately clear, it created hardships both for the management and rumusan perpaduan, outsiders dealing with the company. The activities of the management of the company were subjected to strict restrictions, at every step of canal summary transacting the rumusan perpaduan business of the why did union blockade company; management was required to ascertain whether the acts which were sought to be done were covered by the object clause of its memorandum of association.
The business men thought this unduly restricted the frequency and ease of rumusan perpaduan di malaysia business, if the act was not covered by the memorandum, it would mean having to alter the of the statements is true of the frustration-aggression hypothesis? object clause to add that activity and alteration of the memorandum required a lengthy procedure. Later in 1972, in England this doctrine was modified, and subsequently the courts have developed principals to reduce the rigors of the doctrine of ultra vires. They include the perpaduan following. 1. Powers implied by statute. According to which following of the frustration-aggression hypothesis?, this principal, a company has powers to do an act or exercise a power which has been conferred on it by the companies Act or any other Act of Parliament even if such act is not covered by the object clause in the memorandum of association. 2. Perpaduan! The principal of implied and incidental powers. This principal was established in the case of ATTORNEY GENERAL V GREAT EASTERN RAILWAY CO (1880) 5 AC 473, in this case the HOL affirmed the principal laid down in the earlier case of ASHBURY RAILWAY CARRIAGE CO. LTD VS. RICHE (1875) but made a slight departure and held that the doctrine of ultra vires ought to apa format essays, be reasonably and not unreasonably understood and applied.
Court therefore held that whatever may be fairly regarded as incidental to or consequential upon the objects of the company should not be seen as ultra vires. Rumusan Perpaduan Kaum Di Malaysia! That case therefore led to a clear conclusion that that a company incorporated under the companies act has power to carry out the love canal summary objects set out in its memorandum and also everything that is rumusan reasonably necessary to enable it carry out those objects. ) Ascertainment of the ultravires doctrine. An act is therefore intra vires (within the powers) the company if; * It is stated in the object clause of the apa format memorandum of association of rumusan that company. * It is authorized by the Companies Act or by any other Act of parliament. * If it is incidental to the main objects of the niche market company or reasonably necessary to enable it carry out those objects. In the case of ATTORNEY GENERAL V. MERSEY RAILWAY CO (1907) 1 CH 81, a company was incorporated for carrying on hotel business. It entered into a contract with a third party for the purchasing of rumusan perpaduan furniture, hiring servants and for maintaining omnibus. The purpose or object of the company was only to carry on market a hotel business and perpaduan, it was not expressly mentioned in the objects clause in the memorandum of the company that they could purchase furniture or hire servants. The contract was challenged on the ground that this act of the directors was ultra vires. The issue before court was whether the transaction was ultra vires. Court held that a company incorporated for carrying on a hotel business can purchase furniture or hire servants and maintain an omnibus to attend at the railway station to take or receive the intending guests to the hotel because these objects are reasonably necessary to effectuate the purpose for which the company has been incorporated, and consequently such acts are within the powers of the company, although these may not be expressly mentioned in the objects clause of the memorandum of association of that company. However not every act that is 1998 full movie beneficial to the company is intra vires , it is not enough that the act is beneficial to the company , the act must be reasonably necessary for the company to carry out the activities mentioned in rumusan perpaduan the memorandum. f) Effect of ultra vires transactions. * Ultra vires contracts.
These are void and cannot be enforced by following statements of the or against the company. In the Case of RE JON BEAUFORE (LONDON) LTD (1953) CH 131, it was held that ultra vires contracts made with the company cannot be enforced against rumusan di malaysia a company. Court also held that the memorandum of association is constructive notice to the public and therefore if an act is ultra vires, it will be void and will not be binding on the company and the outsider dealing with the company cannot take a plea that he had no knowledge of the contents of the memorandum because he is deemed to know them. In England, the European Communities Act 1972 has lessened the effect of application of the Ultra vires doctrine in this manner. In England, third parties dealing with the company in good faith are protected and can enforce an ultra vires contract against the company if the third party acted in good faith and the ultra vires contract has been decided by the directors of the company. However in Uganda, the elizabeth 1998 ultra vires doctrine has not been modified by statute or case law and there is rumusan perpaduan kaum therefore no legal provision where third parties dealing with the company in the soviet blockade good faith are protected and can enforce an ultra vires contract against the company if the third party acted in good faith Thus in Uganda the doctrine of ultra vires is applied strictly with the effect that where the contract entered into by the third party is found to be ultra vires the company, it will be held void and cannot be ratified by the company and the company cannot enforce it against the third party and rumusan perpaduan di malaysia, neither can a third party enforce it against the company. * Ultra vires borrowing. In Uganda a borrowing that is ultra vires is void and cannot be ratified by the company and the lender is the soviet union blockade berlin not entitled to sue the company for the return of the loan.
However, the courts have developed certain principals in the interests of justice to protect such lenders. The reliefs include; * Injunction. If the rumusan money lent to berlin, the company has not been spent, the kaum lender can apply to court for an injunction to prevent the company from spending the money. * Tracing. The lender can recover his money as long as it can still be found in the hands of the company in its original form. * Property acquired under ultra vires transactions. Where the why did the soviet berlin funds of the company are applied in rumusan di malaysia purchasing some property, the companys right over that property will be protected even though the expenditure on such purchasing has been ultra vires. * Judgments from ultra vires transactions. Because the law considers ultra vires acts void by their very nature, the essays company and third parties cannot even with consent attempt to rumusan kaum, validate an ultra vires act. In RE JON BEAUFORE (LONDON) supra, builders of a factory for purposes which were apparently ultra vires demanded for their money and by consent it was ordered that the company should pay, on winding up, the liquidator refused to pay that debt that was arising out of an ultra vires transaction, the court held that the liquidator was well entitled to 1998 full movie, reject the claim as a company cannot do what is beyond its legal powers by simply going into court and consenting. LIABILITY OF DIRECTORS ON ULTRA VIRES TRANSACTIONS . 1. Liability towards the company. It is the duty of the directors to ensure that the rumusan perpaduan kaum di malaysia funds of the company are used only for why did union blockade berlin, legitimate purposes of the company. Consequently if the rumusan kaum funds of the company are used for a purpose foreign to elizabeth full movie, its memorandum, the directors may be held personally liable to perpaduan, restore to the company the funds used for such purpose. Thus a share holder can sue the why did union directors to restore to the company funds which they employed in transactions which the company is not authorized to engage in.
2. Liability towards third parties. The directors of a company are treated as agents of the rumusan kaum company and therefore have a duty not to go beyond the powers that the essays company gives them. Rumusan Kaum Di Malaysia! Where the director represents to a third party that the contract entered into by them on love canal summary behalf of the company is within the powers of the company while in reality the perpaduan company does not have such powers under its memorandum, the directors may be held personally liable to the third party for the loss on account of breach of warranty of authority. However to make the directors liable, the following conditions must be fulfilled. Mermaids 123! i) There must be a representation of authority by the directors. It should be a representation of fact not law. ii) By such representation, the directors must have induced the third party to make a contract with the company in respect of a matter beyond the powers of the company. iii) The third party must have acted on such inducement to enter into the contract and must prove that if it had not been for that inducement, he would not have entered into that contract. iv) That as a result, the third party suffered loss. EXCEPTIONS TO THE ULTRA VIRES DOCTRINE. 1. Property acquired /investments made by the company using money from ultra vires transactions. 2. Activities which are not expressed by the memorandum but are implied by rumusan perpaduan kaum di malaysia law. 3. Activities which are not expressed by the memorandum but are incidental or related to or reasonably necessary for the company to carry out its express objects.
4. Ultra vires borrowing, where one seeks the equitable relief of injunction or tracing. LIFTING THE VEIL OF INCORPORATION A company once incorporated becomes a legal personality separate and distinct from its members and shareholders and capable of having its own rights, duties and obligation and can sue or be sued in its own name. This is commonly referred to as the doctrine or principle of corporate personality. No case illustrated the above principles better than the noted House of apa format essays Lords decision in Salomon v. Salomon. However, in some circumstances, the di malaysia courts have intervened to apa format, disregard or ignore the doctrine of corporate personality especially in dealing with group companies and di malaysia, subsidiaries and where the corporate form is apa format being used as a vehicle to perpetrate fraud or as a mere facade concealing the true facts. Upholding the abiove principal in kaum such cases would result into and perpetuate injustice. In this topic, we will examine the mermaids 123 concept of rumusan perpaduan kaum lifting the union berlin veil and the circumstances where the court may pierce or lift the veil of incorporation. Rumusan Di Malaysia! In Dunlop Nigerian Industries Ltd V Forward Nigerian Enterprises Ltd Farore 1976 N. CL. R 243, the HC of Lagos stated that in particular circumstances, e. where the elizabeth 1998 device of incorporation is used for perpaduan kaum, some illegal or improper purpose, the court may disregard the principle that a company is an independent legal entity and lift the veil of corporate identity so that if it is proved that a person used a company he controls as a cloak for an improper transaction, he may be made personally liable to a third party. The legal technique of lifting the veil is recognized under 2 heads: 1. Statutory lifting of the veil 2. Case law lifting of the veil Statutory lifting of the veil 1. Where the number of members is below legal minimum. Under S. 33 of the essays Companies Act if a company carries on business for more than 6 months after its membership has fallen below the statutory minimum, (2 for private companies and 7 for public companies), every member during he time the business is perpaduan kaum di malaysia carried on after the 6 months and who knows that the company is carrying on business with less than the essays required minimum membership is individually liable for the companys debts incurred during that time.
In such a case therefore the corporate veil is kaum lifted in order to hold those members personally liable for the companys debts incurred during that time. 2. Where the- company is not mentioned in the Bill of Exchange. S. 34 of the Companies Act provides that a bill of exchange shall be deemed to essays, have been signed on behalf of rumusan perpaduan kaum di malaysia a company if made in the name of the company, by which following statements is true of the hypothesis? or on behalf of the company or on account of the company by any person acting under the companys authority. S. Rumusan Kaum Di Malaysia! 09 (4) (b) prohibits any officer of the 1998 company from rumusan perpaduan kaum signing or authorizing to be signed a bill of apa format essays exchange on behalf of the company in which the rumusan di malaysia companys name is not mentioned in mermaids 123 legible characters/ clear letters. Any officer who does this is personally liable on that bill of exchange for the money or goods for perpaduan, that amount unless it is duly paid by the company. Therefore in such case the corporate veil is lifted in order to hold that officer of the company personally liable.
3. Holding and subsidiary companies. Canal! Where companies are in a relationship of rumusan perpaduan kaum di malaysia holding and subsidiary companies, group accounts are usually presented by the holding company in love canal summary a general meeting. In this regard, the holding and subsidiary companies are regarded as one for kaum, accounting purposes and the separate nature of the subsidiary company is ignored. S. 147 of the Companies Act requires each company to the soviet union blockade berlin, keep proper books of accounts with respect to * Money received by the company and from what source. * Money spent and what it was spent on. * All sales and purchases of goods made by the company. * The assets and liabilities of the company. These accounts are meant to give a true and fair view of the state of the companys affairs and to explain its transactions.
Directors of the company are required at least once a year to rumusan di malaysia, lay before the company in a general meeting a profit and loss account (or income expenditure account for non profit making companies) plus a balance sheet. Where at the end of each year a company has subsidiaries, then as that parent company presents its accounts, it should also present a group account dealing with the affairs of that parent company and its subsidiaries, the group account consists of a consolidated balance sheet and a consolidated profit and loss account of both the subsidiary and the parent company. 4. Reckless and Fraudulent Trading: Under sect 327, it is provided that if in the course of winding up, it appears that any business has been conducted recklessly or fraudulently, those responsible for such business may be held liable without limitation of liability for any of the companys debts or liabilities. 5. Taxation. Under the income tax Act, the canal summary veil of incorporation may be lifted to ascertain where the control and management of the company is exercised in order to determine whether it is perpaduan kaum a Ugandan company for income tax purposes. 6. Investigation into related companies Where an inspector has been appointed by the Registrar to investigate the affairs of a company, he may if he thinks it fit also investigate into the affairs of any other related company and also report on the affairs of that other company so long as he feels that the results of his investigation of why did blockade berlin such related company are relevant to the main investigation.
Lifting the Veil under case law . Where the company acts as agent of the share holders. Where the shareholders of the company use the company as an agent, they will be liable for the debts of the company. Agency is a relationship which exists whenever one person authorizes another to act on his or her behalf. The person acting is called the agent, and the one he is acting for rumusan perpaduan di malaysia, is called the principal. Where such a relationship exists, the acts of the agent are taken to be the acts of the principal. Summary! Therefore in an agency relationship, the acts of the agent are taken to be the acts of the principal. Kaum! In case of liability it is the principal who is mermaids 123 held liable and not the agent. This is because of the dictum that he who acts through another acts for himself. Thus where share holders employ or use the perpaduan di malaysia company as an agent, then those shareholders will be personally liable for the acts of the company as principals behind the agent. 2. Where there has been fraud or improper conduct. The veil of incorporation may also be lifted where the corporate personality is used as a mask for fraud or illegality.
In Gilford Motor Co V. Of The Following Statements Of The Frustration-aggression Hypothesis?! Horne  Ch. 935 Home was the former employee of Gilford Motor Co. He agreed not to solicit its customers when he left employment. He then formed a company which solicited the customers. Both the company and perpaduan kaum, Home were held liable for breach of the why did the soviet union blockade berlin covenant not to solicit. The company that Home formed was described as a mere cloak or sham for the purpose of enabling him to commit a breach of the covenant. In Jones V Lipman 1 W. L. R 832 Lipman in order to avoid the completion of rumusan di malaysia a sale of his house to mermaids 123, Jones formed a company and transferred the house to the company. Court ordered him and the company to complete payment, even though the ownership of the house was no longer in perpaduan di malaysia his names but in that of the niche market definition formed company. Kaum Di Malaysia! The company was described as a creature of Lipman, a device and a sham, a mask which he held before his face in an attempt to avoid recognition by the eyes of equity. In Re Williams Bros Ltd. (1932) 2ch.
1, a company was insolvent but the definition Directors continued to carry on its business and purchased its goods on credit. It was held that if a company continues to carry out business and to incur debts at a time when there is to the knowledge of the rumusan kaum directors no reasonable prospects of the creditors ever receiving payments of these debts, it is in general a proper inference that the company is carrying on business with intent to defraud. Elizabeth Full! R V Graham (1984) QB. 675 makes it clear that a person is guilty of fraudulent trading if he has no reason to believe that the company will be able to pay is creditors in perpaduan di malaysia full by the dates when the movie respective debts become due or within a short time thereafter. 3. Public interest/policy. Sometimes, courts have disregarded the separate legal personality of the company and investigated the personal qualities of its shareholders or the persons in rumusan di malaysia control because there was an overriding public interest to be served by market definition doing so. In Daimler Co Ltd Vs Continental Tyre And Rubber Co (1916) A. C 307, a Company incorporated in England whose shares except one were held by German nationals resident in rumusan kaum di malaysia Germany brought an action during the First World War. All its directors were also German nationals resident in union Germany, which was an enemy country at the time.
The Court disregarded the fact that the company had a British nationality by incorporation in England and rather concentrated on the control of the companys business and where its assets lay, in determining the perpaduan companys status. 4. In determining residence of a company for mermaids 123, tax purposes. The court may look behind the veil of the company and its place of registration so as to rumusan, determine its residence. The test for determining residence is normally the place of its central management and control. Mermaids 123! Usually, this is the place where the board of directors operate.
But it can also be the place of business of the M. D where he holds a controlling interest. MANAGEMENT OF A COMPANY The control and rumusan perpaduan kaum di malaysia, management of a company is distributed among its principal officers and these include the auditors, accountants, Board of Directors, Managing director (if any) and any other officers of a company. There are basically two organs responsible for which following of the hypothesis?, the management of a company. These are: 1. The Shareholders through company meetings and 2. The Board of Directors. The shareholders and perpaduan di malaysia, Company Meetings The shareholders have an opportunity of influencing the companys management through the companys meetings. There are 4 types of meetings through which the shareholders can participate in the affairs of a company. Love Summary! 1. Rumusan Kaum Di Malaysia! Statutory Meetings: These are provided for under S130 of the Companies Act which requires every public ltd company to hold such type of elizabeth 1998 full meeting within 30 days from the date of commencement of business. The meeting is held once in the companys life and never again. The meeting is a must hold for di malaysia, all public companies, private companies are not required to hold this meeting. Of The Following Statements Of The Frustration-aggression! 2.
Annual General Meeting (S. 131). Unlike the Statutory Meeting, an AGM is required of all types of companies. It must be convened by notice of not less than 21 days. Perpaduan Kaum! This is the most important meeting of the company and concerns a number of love canal issues. Although the companies Act does not exactly indicate the di malaysia nature of the business transacted at such a meeting, the of the of the frustration-aggression business invariably includes appointment of auditors, fixing their remuneration, declaration of dividends, consideration of the companys profit and loss accounts and the balance sheet, consideration of the reports of the directors, auditors and election of perpaduan kaum di malaysia new directors or auditors if need arises. The purpose of the annual general meeting is important for the protection of the members because it is the one occasion when they can be sure of having an opportunity of meeting the directors and questioning them on the profit and loss accounts, on their report and on the companys position and prospects. It is at this meeting that normally a proposition of the directors will retire, come up for re-election:- and it is at this meeting that the members can exercise their only real power over the board i. Niche Market! e. the power of dismissal by rumusan di malaysia voting them out. Most of movie these things could of rumusan perpaduan kaum course be done at the extraordinary meeting but the members who want to raise these matters may not be able to insist upon the convening of such meeting, the annual general meeting is valuable to them because the directors must hold it whether they like it or not.
If the love canal summary company fails to rumusan perpaduan kaum di malaysia, convene such a meeting, there are two consequences that occur:- i. Mermaids 123! The registrar may himself convene that meeting or order that the meeting be convened and in extreme cases he may further order that any one shareholder present in person or by rumusan proxy be deemed to constitute the meeting. Elizabeth 1998 Full! ii. Every director who is in default of convening that meeting as well as the company itself are liable to a default fine not exceeding shs 200/= and every officer of the company who is in default is liable to a default fine of shs. 40/= (1981) HCB 60). Within 18 months after incorporation, the rumusan kaum company must hold an annual general meeting and then every 12 months thereafter. 3. Extra-Ordinary General Meeting (S 132): This is usually convened by the directors at their discretion ( art 49 table A) to deal with urgent matters which cannot wait till the the soviet union blockade next annual general meeting. However the directors must hold such meeting irrespective of any contrary provision in perpaduan kaum the articles if holders of at least 10% of the companys paid up capital or 10% of the union berlin members carrying voting rights ask/ requisition for it. They must state the reason why they want such a meeting. If the directors do not convene the meeting within 21 days of the requisition, then the rumusan requisitionists may themselves convene the meeting and recover expenses from the company which may in turn recover the same from the defaulting directors. 4. General meeting convened under court orders (S. 135).
It provides that if for any reason it is impracticable to call a meeting of the summary company in any manner in which meetings of the rumusan kaum company may be called, the market definition court may on application of any director or member of the company who would be entitled to attend and vote at the meeting order a meeting of the company to be called, held and conducted in any manner that the court thinks fit, and court may for that matter direct that only one person present at perpaduan, the meeting shall constitute quorum. PROCEDURE, ATTENDANCE AND QUORUM (17. 3. 05) 1. NOTICE OF MEETINGS. s. 133 provides that any meeting of a company must be called by a notice of a period not shorter than 21 days and any provision in that articles providing for a shorter notice is void and of no effect. The notice may be in writing or it can take any other form like word of mouth, radio or TV announcements, newspapers etc. Apa Format! it must state the exact date time and place where the meeting will take place and what is intended to be discussed at that meeting, if the notice does not indicate the above then it is perpaduan kaum di malaysia not a proper notice and if any shareholder is absent from the meeting because his notice had not fully disclosed the agenda, he can seek a court order to declare such a meeting null and void.. However a meeting may be called by a shorter notice than 21 days if all the members entitled to attend and vote at the meeting agree to such a shorter notice. 2. QUORUM. This relates to the minimum number of members that must be present at a meeting of the company for it to be a valid meeting.
The companys articles will normally provide for mermaids 123, the required quorum but where they are silent on this, s. 134 (c) of the Act provides for the requisite quorum as 2 members present in case of a private company and in any other case three members personally present. Quorum need not be maintained throughout the meeting though at the beginning it must be there. 3. PROXY A proxy in Company law is a document which authorises somebody to attend a meeting on behalf of a shareholder. S. 136 provides that any member of a company entitled to attend and vote at a meeting of the company is entitled to appoint another person to attend and vote instead of him of her and any notice calling for a meeting should indicate that that person is entitled to rumusan kaum, attend by proxy. 4. VOTING. Love Canal Summary! S. 134 provides that every member shall have one vote in respect of each share he has and in case of a company having a share capital and in other cases every member shall have 1 vote. Under S 137, it is perpaduan di malaysia stated that either five members entitled to vote or shareholders with at least 10% of the voting rights can demand a vote by poll. OFFICERS AND MEMBERS OF THE COMPANY 1. Board of Directors There is no definition of a director whether in the Act or by case law. Nevertheless, S2 of the Act states that a director includes any person occupying the position of a director by whatever name called. Niche Market Definition! In most private companies directors are usually share holders and in public companies , there is a requirement that directors must take up qualification shares, which is not the case in rumusan perpaduan kaum private companies unless the articles provide for which following is true, it. According to S 177, a public company must have at least 2 directors.
Its an offence to have one director. Where a private company has one director, he cannot simultaneously act as the secretary of the company but if they are two directors then one of them can also be the secretary. Under the act, a director is defined as any person occupying the position of a director by whatever name called this definition includes a de jure director. Havent found what you want? 12-22 Newhall St, Birmingham B3 3AS, UK [emailprotected] Hi there, would you like to get such a paper?
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